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I- 1 . I 





A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Interests. 



)L. XX. No. 1. t 
..iblished 1881. f 



PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY, 1900. 



t Fifty Cents Per Year. 
I Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



ISSTON'S NEW 

"TRIUMPH" 



le Two Plungers 
do the Work : 
[One Holds the Blade 
bhe Other Sets the 
Tooth. 




SAWSET. 

The Most Perfect Set Ever Made 

EASY, 
POWERFUL 

and 
ACCURATE 

IN ACTION 

Sold by all Hardware ] 



[Made in Three Sizes, Large, Medium and Small 

PARTICULARLY ADAPTED FOR NARROW SAWS 

HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc Philadelphia, pa. 



Polished Finish Only 



ITA1NTOR 
POSITIVE 
SAW SET 



Mil hautllr ii.i ik donl lakinti 
lllt*r<>r "I Ill ■ HM "Ur 

<•»}■. " li'ajual *> >:»<m|."' 

TAINTOH MFG. CO. 

9 to '5 HURRAY ST. 

S'BH' YOMt 




[Ironic ot braSS 



.IN ALL t- IMI SHt 1 



y Says the World's Fair Award 



FOR SALE BY DEALFRS IN BUILDERS HARDWARE 



FOOT AND HAND POWER MACHINERY 

COMPLETE OUTFITS 

i um»Mx lad Iluii'l' r. mHhtMl .team powai '-an 
■oi iii eefiillff anaii**' with the hm ibupt by 
Nalai OM N«'» I.«l»'r * i nit MM liinri,. 

xj.tw tn.it AM ft* r n t.,:.„tut .1 

StIEC* FiUS MfO CO 

ft Iftit't SI. .\mr.a Wi * I , ' j ^ 



PIKE'S LILY WHITE WASHITA 





KIND WORDS FRO/I UNION JIEN 



Keystone 
Overalls and Pants. 

WE THANK YOU. 




See that Keyitone ? It's on the Ticket. 

19th year In business ai 
had a strike ; that' s < 
Labor record. 

Cleveland & Whitehill Co., 

NIIWHURGH, N. Y. 





W. S. Thomsons 



%m miiltd, Uth, Door, Bllat , 
gad. Cosa« 6 row Cwttm 

MM 

, Stnlcat, T»rl#tjr. MoaldlBff and Cat* 

418-42U W. 27th. St. NEW YORK 

T M»U Pr.mpUy Au. I to 



The Beat DilsiDiLB an Earth. 

cutting, •v*n->rltl«il .ton a, im[xrt< ■ fin* edf*. Put up la two iradea-/. aoft 
»<n, cooracB-rit and hard medium- one-arit. Ka< h atoae libelled, telling whether bard 
-t aolt, aD <l >:uai-»ut«wrl to givr »b»olute. a»t Infect Ion. The aarne alone mt la la 
KOueje all p. and all mi>tc:»l aha pea AH teadtaa. hardware «!*alera. 

^ad f or Booklet on the ■uUevt of o IMonn, how to aelect aud uae them, containing « 
"■"Wlon or thVoltaiooca on "be taarket how to i«l«ct them for different pnrpoaea, what hind 
rf-ta u»e, etc. 

IE PIKE MFQ. CO. PIKE STATION, N. H. 



Sworn Circulation of THE CARPENTEE 

32,000 COPIES MONTHLY 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, Wood 
Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and Building 
Materials. Also of Special Advantage to Contractors, 
Architects and Business Men. 




I 



1 



/ 




THE CARPENTER, 



j • 



f 



HIGH GRADE MACHINERY 




FOR 



STANDARD WOOD WORKING MACHINERY 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, 



CARPENTERS, BUILDERS, SASH, 
DOOR, BUND MAKERS, ETC. 



I* MMvliliieH ur Kqul piuanta 
rili rrfu l!j fumlabeil. 



Ito. I. ViiiiHTv Wood Wokei. 
A iioti valuable turn-hlne for Carpenter*, 
•"■Idrrs, Stub, Door .nd Bltnd Makers, etc., 
•a on it j.ju can pet form n rarietj of work 

I would otbcrwi.e irqutie the u*e 01 

II ruh. "lines. 



Ask for ■' Wood Worker" Catalogaa. 

J. A. Fay & Co., 




tt t» ne*cl at anything In our I In* 
ngmi* with yuU) aa wa ran 
• a»« >«m 



u. to 
• al r 



llluitrated 312 page oatalagaa fre. 
have good uae for It. 



NO. 2 FttNUi WatCMM *" tt Mot I !'«B. 
I Plane*, one «ide, :'l mchrs wide by 6 tnche. 
5U-5J4 W . Front St. ffih« w,de; 

An inr»!u«li!e tuattiinr for a nmellor 
■lied .bop. 



CINCINNATI, OHIO. 



CAKK1A..K IM. H N,,,,\ WUttkKKKA' IM„\ l>tlEKI 




ONIOR AKaUU, 

mttuTiational Thia la the Lata] #f tt,, 

S Journeyman Ha. km and 
Ci<nfiH.'tlotieni, under Itirb 

tnteroaUoml tfaJon It It 
printed on wliiie paper ii 

blttik ink hikI Ii patted „, 
eunliloarufbrnvJ, itmeatu 
deni Ii to Iiiiik In .u rt and W 
In bairn. d»v.' r>*iiit ninlerurtmnti 




The Egan Company, 

406-4)6 W. Front Street 

CINCINNATI. MIQ. 

lARTEN DOSCHER 

MNUMCTutci sauoatuck, Conn. 

Carpenters Bench and Moulding 

PLANES 

Hand Made. 

*lso — *BK roum «.*uw.*a aim* pga 

3<*NDLES DOSCHER'S PLANES 

MALL t TS &, 



THE ATKINS SAW 

In Material, in Finish, In Cutting Qualities 

Warranted the Best 

E. C. ATKINS & CO. 

SAW MANUFACTURERS INDIANAPOLIS, IND, 



Reed $ ^uerbachen 

22U BOWERY, 

NEW YORK CITY, 



Ota/rra Ja 



C^t^ UNION CA 



E. C. 



Fine Tools. 



TTENTIOIM 1 



The New System 

OF EDUCATION 

1 1 Architecture 

a ■ lull-, lural Oraw ti 
Kivain.t •• Ir* « Mr. i.... 

*. 1 v ii anil Miii.i c 
Ki tioearlot i bra* 11 • 
t» I f V f ) 1 1 1 It t b*au 
l-i nnMi*. It. ..b mi ■ k 

Htaorlkaad ; Kaauiali 

ltr«t>< 

TAUGHT BV VAIL 
IKer r»0 C»ur*r« 

Waba«*balB*d thaaaaadato barter |> •■ M 
• ' I • arte. S"n I t..f <r»« rir. n>r>. 1.. 
I». • t la abtcb t'"> »r» l.ti H — » ij 

tut 'Mi in n.ik|.i n ,ii,n. |, mhimili. 

It.. 1 Hint*. lifMriM, Ha. 




The only UNION MADE Hand, Back, and Panel Sawn, aamfarhirril 
In the United Sfatea, are made hj 

Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the follow I from Carpenters' GnJoMi 

trpeaterm of the Vnlted mate* mud Canada- • 
hereby certify that the Sews made bv R. C. Atlchu & 
" P ° ti'J.?-.;: " r * " r,rtl J UN 'ON MADE OOOOs, 

by our respective 



r* tk* c 
We 
Cm , of 
and are 
We 

II 



-clans In quality. 

o sign 



B. A. &CHLUDER. 

Pftiddni iaiptnttri Union Ni>. 61, Indi*napolit, /md. 

O. Q. BMOOK. 

^Midtnt CmrftnUrt Union No iSt, fndiama^otti, Ind. 

I e P»ld '<"• fay Haw H atari' Ualon 

»o. 1, of r 



8c LYON, 



HANHI'A) TI IH.riS iltf 



fl.» Mmmlicrx Htn-el 
NEW VOliK 




FINE TOOLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

Corrugated Fur«i «r Nniootli rani 
' < hMkered Unhh» r llandl<>H or Fuhhh l. ti 

K W<t«lll ilHIldlCN 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 

TOWER'S CHAMPION SCREW DRIVERS 

It** Tutad Tough T.aip.r. Solid Taoalad Bol.Ur. R w , U. i F.ralt- fltt.d U.adl.. 
■■Will aw miTATioss. 





He aare the trade mark CHAMPION la on each blad< . 

• J 



7 , •* 
/ t 




I Li- lar^i -i and n"i*i 

1I1 1. urn' 1.1 U Md>«urkin, 
Mai liin»r> in tht< auriil f.ir 
1 iirpi iilar. tad JnlMn ud 
H oud-workar. pHirrmilr 

• mer.r.n wa.d Working 
Machint Co. 

011 toawifta in 

11 • fomaat < > , n 

tVi.a Midi 1 11 . I.t.i . |. 

1 11 a Wall n (laj 1 .1 Hi.. 
i'i. , 1 in- 1 i.ii ||iia.tiin 1 n 
4ilini.fi Mli li in. Miiwau. 
kn- -.hi I. r M*| In, (' ri 
l:"K'r.\ li . Bitartoi A ll.i- 
■nanri I'o,, \\ llllaai.parl 
Mi. li. 1 ■>.. r«»M Itr.m. < 



Mfl ■ill .tat* VOUf |a 
Ni w »i>rl I*— * .in. 1 

Hoatoo 1 bun 11 and 



Eit.bh^td IB53 NEW YORK OFFICE 

I'n r.r ; , .,»,,-, ,i 1 hi, 1 go Ch «m bar* it 

HUMASON A BECKLEY MFG CO. 



HABOWAKl ami FINK POCCKT 
Cl'TLKRV 

#f * fffl , d/#, CO** 



Satisfaction 

ts given all around when the house I 
trimmed with Sargent's Hardware. TI 
Architect is pleased because he spa 
fied it; the owner is pleased each time 
he looks at the trimmings because th- 
add .0 much to the beauty of the hotm 
and everybody is pleased with the work 
ing of Sargent's Easy Spring Locks. 

Sargent & Company, 

Makera of Arctic Ihudwsro and Phkf 
New York ; and N.w 



I a* Ml iwr (Siaaas>t*i"awasndi 




A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Interests. 



VOL. XX. No. I, 1 

E iblishod ifsi. \ 



PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY, 1900. 



I Fifty Cents per Year, 
I Sinoje Copies, 5 Cents. 



Cq () U r \ilvertisers and Readers. 



(,., ■!,! ii np'ini nt froni I hi «h< 
II | n!it mi ill If tltli. 1 >1 >iir old 
. . i ; 1 1 * r ii" 1 ]»iil >!Mi' r, w <• Wi i • 
1 • i make in w arrangi im ni - 
. | ittl itii .ii h 'it ol ill!- 1' iHni.il 
1 1| hi luftn ir~ it. in ' iiiir'-h 
n , a '\ •.:[ tjtttH al l: ■ « r ! , umI a itii 
, A .i.I tih'i ■ w hi. 1, w In rpi i >ur 
... : a ll! , 1 1 « | • 1 1 . i, it'-. !■ ["[it ilns 

: n| w . pr. 'I '"-' to e I' I IM 'A and 
it-!' m ilwijj N attires lrt«k« I'm. 
L'.U I'l.M) K IU"P mil UIKfC .it ! i t 
';\, m»i Hl-U LCl live 111 Its tcchi i' i. 
, : T i'l' U'.i!' ■!! i li.n.i' t'-r 




•^n I h 1 \m im ii. < '.il. lli' 
I'umns m this city »n» building >tf < 
ihi ir membership, and the prosp" > t- 

lie \et\ favorable foi a g I s eai 

|OJ » > 

I 1 " k i'i ir i , \ N \\ . *re fining 
pr< ttv well here I la\ f fin -Ui (I 
ue iris .ill the - arpenter* in town i 1 
Union iMo The fen whohavi rtjni 
■ • i nil- -1 trill with u* ili"iiK 
' 1 ir members are busv in the work 
-i| i nnvri iinn t<> trade union prin< i 
fit* 

V 

s \' r ,\ m i n 1 1 1. ( il I he » .it 
i n toi - hei e .til h i >i U nine ho irs 
r vi . pi iIims, rrnoloyi d by Win I' 
Mm. i ll-, who voluntarily gav»' Id* 
'"'•it ' ighi lii"ii s about a month 

■'K" Ani'ltmt will soon In- in.nl' i" 
thoroughl) urganixi the earpetit«»n» oi 
tin i city 

a** 
» 

l"i \ Kan, rin- prospei t-. are 
bright for an excellent increase in 
'In' membership of Union u v 
and as anon .is we have sufhrieni 
•trength, we intend to Mart a move 
nteni to reduce the hours ofUI«n 
snd thereby better the conditions "I 
oar members 

>r 

Kkwanrk, in. - All is well here. 
*he Carpenters 1 Union promises u> 
he i,n, q| ,|„. i t .;, ( ij„ K Union* in ll> 
c,, y. We have a nourishing Trades 
■ad Labor Assembly, and seventeen 
unions, w. expec ill every 



public citii e in tin- - it v neki 

spring with union men. 

V 

Si 'iin ( >\i \h \. Nci,. The out- 
look :s bright here. After an inter' 
M'-u with Armour & Co., we were 
- I© '--.-till in getting th<_- wage« raised 
from 22 1 s < ents to v i rents pi , 
li"in Union 2~<4 is growing 
: ij'i'lK und su- i'lilv in membei -i ip 

I I \X\ II i i III - l.o< ,i' I 'lu.tn 

."■ / ia "i; the b nun, wv aire 
receiving twelve , < i . < 1 ftftt-cn mem 
-■■•is cvi rj in'- 1 tiiijj ni^ht W*e 
control several Union jolw tt present. 
We have rormed i Itutl 1 nc Trades 
i ouni il and Iv >v*e t ■ 1 1 ipe « ith ;ill 
i|uc$tions and lOniplitiitions thai 
n\M ari* l"h< |n i isjjects ^rc 
btight for th's .'-.ir 'fur member* 

are i '! " "1 anrki-r- 

\ i 1 1 i W.i-h We .ip- sttl 
increasing oui membership Phirty 
*is ^ii in iliii month. Send us 
more Caiu'ksirr?*, ( >ur members 
ill wani n Keen thc»se who are out 
i.f tn\\n dciirf tin- paper t'. be 
them. W# Inive dianged our place 
■ it meeting tw i ( c to aci oromo«lateour 
mem'" i > We di i w >t anticipate 
anv trouble ahouf the nea scale of 
:\.^< - tii.it wem into effect January 
i -st . asthf ii intrai lor* in tin 1 Kuildera' 
Kxchangc are favoral>le to higher 
wages This town is noa more 
thoroughly anioni/ed than irt the 
palm) days of old ,oi of which 1 
u.i- a member. 

Wit ki -d'.\KKi .r.i - Whi mhe 
tie* il was sick, thedei il a *aint w» wW 
i„ " <-t, Ami so it seems bi have 
\<i i n with the tutu "I W M 
Sht'ppfrd a "-"His ot this place, In 
tune last, during tin* tumble in tin 
Wyoming Valley, this firm was 

doing lilt' nothing, ignored 

the rvpresertatives of organized 
I. ill.. i and t"i'k a stulmorn Ktand 

againSl the local unions. 

Finally ihcy secured ■> i ontraei 
und, in order to complete the 
without trouble, they conceded to 
the demands ol the Carpenteni and 
bricklayers. When the work was 
m arly completed they put their men 
.id ten hours and told the unions 

thai they would not recognize them 
in iIk* future. 

Recently, they seemed another 

expensive contract and are sending 
to Philadelphia and elsewhere foi 



then men, They cannot get nwn 
from Philadelphia as we notice that 
that city i> now thoroughly organ* 
ized. Warn all carpenters and other 
me< hanics t- > stay away from Wilkes 
Barre, We are determined to bring 
this firm to terms, and we will sureb 
sui ceed. 



New 1 nintis Chartered During 
the Past Month. 



Baldwing: while J. Morrison. T. ) 

Kavanaugh, and E. M. Allm were 
chosen delegates to the Building 
Trades Council. Several applica* 
t ions for membership were received 
and referred to the investigation 

ommtttee, 

The EiRht-hour Day hi Pitts hurg. 



< »eorg< town, S <". 
4' I'.ri l a 

4;''. I .' » An ;. •">, 1 'al. 

t v ' Wilkinsborg, Pa 

4^1- Brazil, Ind. 

; Atlantic Gity. N I. 

\ Cheater, VV Va, 

1 V New Albany, f m ! . 

4 j8 Brookline, Mas> 

4ii i 'anibridge, Mass 

1 4 1 Ch< Isea, M iss. 
1 4 Wagoner, Indian Tor, 

44" Carthage, N. Y. 

; 47. Portsmouth, V.i 

4=a> Ogden, Utah 

4=, 2, Sumter, S C. 

4^4 Bessemer, Ala 

455. Somerville. N. 1 

450 I tanvilic, Va 

4^s i.,i\Mt inr. Kua. 

4 Itar I far!* u Mr 

40; Kranktord, l*a 

i'is Ardmore, I'a 

pVi 1 Dunkirk. N. ^ 

4'iii Aiken. S. C 

'."I Ottawa, 111. 

Making a grand total of 171 new 

unions rliartered during the paai 
ten months , 



St. Paul Carpenters' Rousing 

rteettng. 



The building trades of Pittsburg 
vive decided to attemj)t the enforce- 
ment of the eight- hour law after 
\pril t. The workers to par- 
ticipate in the endeavor include the 

carpenteni, plasterers, stonecutters, 

and masons, bricklavers, painters, 
paper hangers, electricians, plum- 
bers, till- setters, sheet metal work- 
er-, -tair-builders, hod-carriers, 
structural iron workers and interior 

decorators — fifteen trades in r.ll in 

Pittsluiri.' and Alleghany, i r is esti- 
mated these men will aggregrate 
ra.ooo. 

Atlanta Carpenters and Joiners 
Cvlebratt;. 



With splendid exeii-es, and 
before one of the largest gatherings 
Of the laboring people ever held in 
Atlanta, Ga., the officers of the three 
local unions of the Carpenters and 

loiners of America were installed 
on the evening of the 5th, The 
installation nccured in the hall ol the 
Federation ol Trades on North 

I <>i -.\ th street. 



The exercises began 



a I 



* arprnors Union tin. 87, St. Paul. 

Minn., opened Up the new vear 
Wtth il rousing meeting on Tuesday 

jd Hist., there being upwards 

of 1^0 members present. A coftl 
nutter of live, consisting of J. B. 
Morrison, fv M. Allen, John Jack 
mm, S. McPadden and C. K, Brown, 
was appointed to draft a new set ol 
by laws, the same to be submitted to 
the union al its next meeting. The 
newly elected officers were installed 

and delegates were appointed to 
represent the union in the Trades 
and Labor Assembly and also the 
Building Trades Council. Those 
appointed to the Trades and Labor 
Assembly were S McPadden, Jos. 
Swanhmd, Victor Anderson, li 

Albachten, K. L. Btakesley. Gus, 
Klntijuist. A. Erickaon and Wm 



o'clock and consisted <d speeches, 
recitations and vocal selections 
1 he spacious hall was tilled. S" r ' 
visit, .I- at a conservative estimate, 
being present. 

The following programme was 
excellent!) iered : 

W. I W ...uns, master ol re re 
monies. 
Prayer 

Address of welcome — Ma-in 
1 irady Hollingsworth. 

Chorus, "Columbia" the \nHi 

euee. 

Address Mayor James G. Wood 
ward. 

Installation of offii ers. 

Vocal solo Professor McCardle. 

Presentation of gavel- <' M 

Hudson. 

Quartette C P. Hill, leader. 

Address -"Organised Labor ' — 
Jerome jones. 

Literary selectiom Mrs, Mar- 
garet Scott I [all. 

Address, " On Organixed Lines," 
-F. i' Rice 

Selection Miss Connie I.avton. 

\ ,.i il solo Miss I tetta l inker. 

A i n 1 ess. ' t )nr National I l||ion " 
Jerry Williams. 



THE CARPENTER. 



Trade Movements for Better 
Conditions. 



March. 



TuxKPOi N- V. ~We propose to 
make a demand for the eight 'hour 
day and .1 standard wage of $**75< 
The conditions ar very favorable to 
the success of the movement which 
will be inaugurated on March t >t. 

¥. 

Dan\ h. 1. r. ill.— The demands of 
No. 369 have been made, and these 
'nelude ,;n rents per hour and the 
eight-hour day, on and after March 
1st. The union spirit i> strongly 
pervading DanviHe, and the success 
so far obtained by unity if effort is 
exceedingly encouraging, 

Terkf Haute, l«d. — Local 
Union 20$ has demanded that from 
March ist t!ic minimum price per 

hour shall he 2$ cents, ami that the 

union he fully recognized, 

•V 

Anih kson. Ind. — We .ti c m com. 
nnmicatinn with tlie contractors here 
and <mr memorial to them includes 
the eight-hour day and a minimum 
scale of 30 cents per hour. The 
majority of the employers are in favor 
of granting our demands from March 
ist. the date fixed upon !>y our 
Local Union 352, 

f 

April. 

Geneva, N. Y. — The schedule 
adopted by Union 187 for the en 
suing year from April ist has been 
Signed by all the contractors in tin- 
city. 

IE 

LoNti Branch, N. J. —We have 
taken .1 stand for the eight- hour day 
beginning April ist. All the bosses 
have he en notified, and we believe 
the demand will lie conceded with- 
out any opposition, 

•V 

M< is 1 1 1 a 1 k, N. |. We trill 
ma a movement on April isl nc\t 
foi the eight-hour day and a standard 
scale of £2.75 per day. I'nion \2*) 
is in Splendid shape and we believe 
we will be successful, 



Yonki.ks, N. Y.—At a joint 
meeting of Local Unions 273 and 
726, it was unanimously decided that 
on and after April ist, the minimum 
rate of wage., shall be .4 1 cents per 
hour, the eight hour day and half 
holiday on Saturday. 

Nmvakk.N. J.— The Carpenters of 
Newark have decided to make a de- 
mand for #3.00 per day on April ist. 
There is every reason to believe the 
movement will be a successful one. 



Si. l.iM IS, Mo. The I "i^triel 
Council has sent a request 1,1 lllr 

contractors thai on and aftei April 
ist. 4J cOnft per hour shall be the 
minimum rale of wages. 

PioKiA. 11! We are making 
arrangements for a movement for 
the eight hoitr da\ un the i t of 
April- We expect t< 1 be stfn cestui 
without much trouble. A 1 tmsidi 1 
able number of th< t< ading * 
tractors have manifested thi It 
sympathy v\ nh the m< vemcuf ,\\ d 
the members 1 >f I '1 ion 1 Kj are 
greatly encouraged. 

H 

I. in 'M Union N»». 1- ha* notified 
the contractors that on and after April 

4d, £3.25 per day -lull he the rate 1 if 
wages for Carpenters in the district 
uf New Ko, htlle. l'rlham. I -ir. li- 
nn mt and Mamoraneck, V V, 

*» 

CEDAR KAni->, I.i. The ear* 
penters of this city haw dei ided to 
make a stand for the eight hour da\ 
and minimum rate of $2.2," pet day. 
The members 01 Local Union ,;o* 
will make every effort to win. 

V 

Ci.r\ ia ami. I >. The carpenters 
of this city have decided to make a 
stand for 35, cents per hour, and to 
maintain the eight hour day. the 
Unions are all in a flourishing • "n- 
dition. The movement will be made 

early in the Spring. 

.0 

*# 

( >sitKot>H, Wis. I.o. ,l1 l '• icH 
No, 2-,j has submitted to the 
Builders Exchange trad'- demands 
for the betterment of the 1 ondttion 
of the carpenters. Thesi include 
a minimum scale of wages <*! 25 
cents per hour, and nine hours to 
constitute a days work. The feeling 

towards our union by leading con- 
tractors is friendly. 

V 

Kansas City, Mo. A communi 
ration has heen directed to the Ma*« 
ter builders' Association containing 
the demand for the eight-hour day, 
a minimum wage rate oi 37 J ■ cents 
per hour, that overtime be paid for 
at the rate of time ami half, and thai 
work on Sundays and holidays be 
paid for at the rate of double time. 

Union No. 4 is in excellent condition, 
and the prospects are bright lm- the 
Success of the movement which vwll 
he made on April ist. 

New Vork, n. Y. -The pros* 

pens fur gaining our demands on 
April ist are very eneuuraging. A 
majority of the good bosses are in 
favor of the movement, as it will 
check the rapid growth of new and 
incompetent contractors, who are a 
detriment to them as well as to our 



m-ani/ntio". I W A\ ! " ■• ! " s 
season in tfa Ifrorts f«»i -< i; ' ! " 1 

|Hg trade-, e-pc« iall\ CiU 1" ' '' 1 ' 1 
nuuihi i oipl.i'i-lil' >l i J appiw iiift 
the Rufldhtg 1 >■ [Ktrtttti i i io' Eln « 1 1 
ending Pec W49 k* I 
lOgS, at a total com I ■! - I I ■ 

The week follow i -' « 1 - |S 

Xlila tfas lor the H ■ 'I' ' 

1 .1 , tfcc .ill pre* i< tis t r urtht I 
inandsd the Itrnnx Konnigb 1 1 trV i 
L'otmi il i'li iiali tin i ghi hi (Us 
a minimum - at 1 1 ! ?5 »5 1 " 1 dn\, 

and the S.itunl.n 11 ill 1- h' 1 -'* 

| \s, i R,P .. lh« C ftai i 
yf this i itv h n ■ fw ■ • ••■i' •■ ; "* 

l.oc.n I nit..' " ■ ••"•*• ■' ! ' ' 

Apii' i~s :h.> -a i« ir lit V -h i 
.idopti tl, ■•' d fhi tniniliM Mi ' ' 
w i>^i - sh il' 1» ^• , | • ' >' v - v 
u >rk < o it u ' d ■ t I naiy 

ist will bi r T- f . : . • *! • ■ ''1 i ■■ - 

-/ 

S l . I'm I . Niinn. Bigll ni 
April t>t. ;• i Ci • |" r hi • ' 

di in oidi d, c d th» i Ighi 1 1 ui il - 
All ■ a ■ i 'in. to h paid i .i ' 
rat- ' -f tint" • d !s .If. Thi >■ ti 
i.u y <•! !.• -ell I 'nil £7 IMS < 
.til eouiracTof? 

Nl w h IS I , K I. A I :: rtl : I. • 
fx i || S' ' i t.' all di' I- Sis C n |" 

• ..■I hai'd hs in n r< fpu u ' 
, ighi hi «r d a\ i id %i 5Q m 
il iil\- u igi I p >m ' 1 i Cxinnn 
( itinns r< a iv. d by I * < c ' *■ ' 17 . 
ii 1 ins thai lh pr»$p» tts of g 
mj; tic d' m 1 .I,* ii' i ■ r y j \ 1 : - 

,l.!i. 

l )\i 1 \-. Texasi We .m k< epi . 
pace with the tan.'-, here. fa«i il 
( iiio:, ^ til denial '1 the ■ l I 
In air day and Jte.jjo pel day ui ■ rl 
after May ist. 



Ra< ini , VVi », — W- have de- 
mandi d thai eight hours thall ■ on- 
stitute a day's work ; that thi mini- 
mum scale of wagesshall he \n cei 1 
per hour, find several other , iro\ . 
ions, .ill to ^o into effeel nn May 1 1 
1 .01 .d I iii»ui 'i 1 h.i^ started the ■> ■• 1 
tation ami « ill ki ep it up until a ia| 

isfa< tory agreement h.is been 1 1 m 
eluded. 

SAVANKAlf, Ca All the hossi 
have beet) notifiol by I 'nion 31 - thai 

on and after M o. i-i, $9,00 per 
day and upward tO&.SO, and ntm 

horn s to constitute a day's work. 

V 

Norfolk, Ya. At a reguhn 

meeting oi I inon 331, last week, a 
circular was sent to all the . oil 
tractors intimating that on and aftei 
May ist a demand would DC made 
for 30 cents, pet hour, lust tale, ai.d 
*7 Cents second-rate, nine hour day, 
except Saturday, which shall be eight 

hours, 



1 >| N \ 1 i: t '• 'I \\ . 
..f I >• d I Mill V. .; j_. 

',»• 1 III the Alll. !.; il 

iepi. i|tblg o\ei In ..I ., I 

j • : 1 ij I >e ;\ 1 1 , il If, : { 

1 an(»tl»< v 't>' tliat ■ .■ ,| ., 

Ma> it th' mi. 1 ■ 

in evw* 1 ■ 3,1 ; " ■ ii 1 IIIm;I 
i ' i ■'..■' 

hud i ,. i • ■ 1 ' 1 1 1 n'lti.e |i 

I' 1 1 : 1 ' 1 1 1 t I 1 1 : A . I " 1 I . 
el lm 1 n ] > '11- ' 1 t 1 1 

I In l)l< ' 

:-!.i-, Jtinhlf l .1 d 1 ' 

r< • pil 1 d .. ; mv . 1 > I Mj, 

•lie hi I "! i d . |u ,,; 

1* -.! ? ; - t da> , rfur 

re tu 5> o 11 ! dial 
e j ,ti<! t'.r 1! 

'in. .,• .1 h..i? thai dl - 

t rhttd I' ' at 1 vt 

■ . 



: 

I ft I I 1 b> I . • .1' I ■ : t 

,- ,,„ Si . 

;.i 1 . id ar ., minimi : b I 
• ■ u 

mum i.tte of '* t • • n 1 ; ■ ■ • 
I ■ ■ ■ 

til ': 11 1| j * at d Will : • * 
Mr ! I 

I ' v 1 l i— 1 1 \ N ! 11 • I :• 

n! I'n .1! I nu uW »3? atlil . ■ 1 
1 1 -.' 'ii and i'.i >X|i , h.tl ' . I . i ' .1 ' 

III i-'i'l > al I ' .!' 

that on and ittfi M.r. 1 1 1 1 
IIIUII 1 at' of '.1 1. 1 •» Miull I" * * ■ ' 
j'.'t I," t i'.d • {hi I.- 
that all ". . 1 ittni Fie rn urd 

time sn:,i!,r, - and ,• il '. Ii 

in> hided . th n all i uj h* 

union shop- . that earl 1 nij I 

be ailowi d ;ui ippr* • ! ^ 

> eai s, ami that th* bu < • 1 ■'■ 

,dl' Wi d on o "1 i dm 
In an if in in ems il in 



I be Uommer Sprlwu MinfeJ 

fii'iitiui t spt n.' 1 ' ■' " 1 

awarded tin highest ,: '' ! 11 
(noma .it the Sational I t| ' x i 
-ition .it Philadelphia, I' 

\ be - xhil.it ot |; ■ d * 
hiii^< -< reated mm h int* 1 •' ! ,,,: 
'aily the bronxe plati H : l uf c " 

p'-l and Sillirl blast Mill -I ' ' 1 

nf the reasonable priti 

« ith the beauty n( fini ' ' " f 

man hip. 

r.oinuiei Broth is 1 ^Jrf 
some (me satnples ol I i '" 1 " 
-t' ei hinges, 

'I lie llltl 1 iol -t< 'I "' ' 

whii h lakes the u- .n an I ft 1 ; 
their solid bronxi him. ■ ' 
admired and apfirei iat' tl 11 , 
their ^'inds in solid 1 i 
able as steel. 



3 





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Tilt trade unionism movi rncnt 
has stood fni tin- great principle of 
*ul militating mimH interests for the 

K ' hui "• all/' /,Vs //,</, /:■",,, of 



l'i. III. it in'. M11J ,|.,ii r - 

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I'.i In- expelled |, w I larbUon tot 

t.ikint; tlir place 1 I "in o\ tli' i nr. 

■ lin Uifs 'luring tli<- rerenl strike "n 
i he Heaver Valley atreoi - At line 

\ i tli- !,i-t mctiiiy i'( I "' .il 
I 'iii'iu 1 2;,. li.l. . Kujwaii. i fairies 
fVi 1 1 ; ireferred ^jjaii >m I . W. Kti-rlrl. 
and Ii'' ifvaa exjaJlcfl fbi minappropri 

■ttitlg linn i- ' 'I tli'- I nn .n. I left 
f' ir K insab ■ it , Mi i. 

( ii iiRi .1 M.i i. m i X it t-. l.i'i ii ex 
; " 11' ' i by unit >n ,^ i .;. < 'nbiiribits, i in. , 
!• ir v iolation "i » ctiou 1 22 i.i the 
i; institution. 

Places Where Work is Hull. 



' I wing to local trade movements, 
'.-;.' nsitin 01 building operations And 
r-ther causeji, L-arpt-ntcrs and juintrs 
• in- r<*fjue?tcd i" *tay away from the 
:• itl 'A trtg places 

Birmingham, Alabama i Colorado 
SpritigS, Gol. I <"ri|i|il«' Crei'k. (_'ul. : 
I reaver. Col, : Victor, Col. ; Bloom- 
ington, 111. ; Canton, Hi. . Lincoln, 
111. Alpena, Mich. ; Minneapolis, 
Minn. : Kansas < , it-> Mo, : St. Louis 
Mo. : Butte, Mont, i ( Icleuri, Mont. : 
' 1 naha, Nil'. . N< .\ < trange, N |, ; 
l. .::.i; ', YY ;pklahoma City, \ t.T.j 
Scrantoiv I'.i. : Taylor, I'.i. ; Seattle, 
Wash.j Ck'btirne, Tex.; Los Angeles, 
Cal. ; Affhuville. N. (*. : Cedar Rap« 
ids, I i. : Charleston, S, C i \\'ilk<.-s- 
liarre, l'.i. ; Savannah, (ia; ("<n>i- 
can 1 , Te ,»s, 

I in n.it lie deceived \>\ advertise, 
mi nt.-. ii. tlii' Bastcro or Western 
papi rs 

I'u iti. -1 1-. Builders liKrt,'a--e U'a^es. 



At .1 iiieettng hi the Carpenter 
Contractors' Association last week 
i'i tin Builders' Exchange, Buftalo, 
Hi V . it Aas ilecided tt> increase the 
w.i^t -. ..' ijarpenterti and joiners .iiier 
April i-i next. The wages of car 
pent ers will I"- increased from 

twenty ..lit- .111 bout tn lw 1 111 v -five 
cents, and the wageaol tlte ioiners 
a ill '»' increased frorn twentytwo 
mi! twenty' cdnts an hour t" 

'lint , cents in In Mir 

ll wax also ik> itlcd to |i.i\ ■ .11 

(tenters und joiners time .»':<! • hall 
for overtime work, tint .i day's 
work shall consist of eight hours '-i" 1 
Sundays >lu»ll In- p i koner! i- [fonhk 

.iiii''. 



The I^abor World, which i- the 
name ul the orricial organ of orgau- 
i/(«l labor in Japan und winch is 
published at Tokio, is authority foi 
the statement that .1 general sifikf 
on tin- Japan Railway Company's 
lines is one of the possibilities in 
the very near future. 




THE GEM SCKIBER 

• "''11I to nil mcc .utiles, carpenter* e«pt? ] 
rinlJv, nnA fifinsr vt-rv Htnall can be carriwl 
mi Hie v--st noc>te! Cat li two-lbirdi «ct- 
U al itge tek vniir ,mr.! ware ilfsler for 11 
«odie»'th:<i ••■ >■<■•<' ■ 'Uf.-t .inpcr F Brals 
& Co. Fur furtliur inrnrmation aiidress 

r. brais & 00. 

366 KlrttiBtJ Strstt Clsvilin., OUs. 

Prle* " - 1 



THE CARPENTER. 



The Carpenter. 

PHILADELPHIA, JAHUARY, 1900. 




The Principles of Geometry and 
Their Application in Hand- 
rail Construction. 



VII. 



nV MORRIS WJt.MAMS VHANTOJif. 




a STATED m our last 
article, our subject this 
mouth will be the uti 
folding <>f sections u| 
prisms, or blocks, having obtuse and 
(tfute, angle bases. 

The put t ion below v. i, of big. .v 
is a pian of a block hav ing an obtuse 
angle between the tangents : as 
shown at a, b, c, the curve is sttuck 
from point o, and may be considered 
as a center line of a curved handrail 
and less than a quarter circle. 



To find the rnirtoi axis draw « 
line ffOttl Centei <\ on plan: piia'b 1 to 
the level tangent c b i1 f the p'-"' : CM ' 

tin v; » • i h> d. On r/, raise a pei peiulu 
ular line cutting the pilch line of tan 
geni c. rl* in ,/" • ay. tin from <: draw a 
[icrpeiidi. Ml.il line to r,j indefinite!) 
as shown through a f ; front ■ . no 

the pitch hue. and parallel to i. i 
ihawr/', /. intersecting the hue \ », 
ii'.iny.- from f, and square to the pilch 
line </", /v dta\\ '. make if . '•' tin 

same It ngth as </. i» i >i the plan : ron 
nect <>. t " ande'. t? thus completing 
the seel ion <"./', flf, f»' The line i/'. n 
u ill be the mhlOl aMs, and the Ina 
<>', c" the major axis. 

To fmd the bevels to square the 
wreath, tukep >int f, 38 centre, extend 
the dividers lo the pitch line as 
shown by the (lotted line /" :t\- take 
this for the altitude of a triangle, and 
the line <\ .j of the plan for the hj'-e. 
as shown at v; for the other bevel 
take /', a u>x altitude and the same 
line as before for base as shown it : 
The bevels will be fully explained u 
our next article. 

Fig. J7 isa perspective view of the 




The tangent a, b, is inclined as 
shown at b,a ; to ronform wiih the 
pitch of the stairway, or (light con 
necting with the curve. 

The tangent b, r, will be level so 
that the rail may connect at right 
angle with the newel placed at r. 

This kind of problem is common 
in practice where the outside string 
is curved out, at the starting of a 
stairway ; and the rail ramped, in 
connca level with the newel. To 
unfold the section proceed by draw- 
ing the dotted line/.f', perpendicular 
to the ground line x,y ; and the 
dotted line S, e", at right angle to 
the pitch line a', b ; now from A, as a 
centre, with the length of the level 
tangent b, e, turn over as shown by 
the dotted arc c, w, c" ; cutting the 
dotted line e*, c" , in c" : connect c" , b. 
We have now transferred the tan- 
gents a, b, and b, c, of the plan to the 
elevation : as at a', b and b, e" \ and 
also found the angle a', b, c" , between 
the tangents of the section. 



f FIG ;j6 



block: all lines and letters corres 
ponding to the lines and letters r,f 
F%. .V>. 

In Fig. .w have a block, the 
base of which has an acute angl< 
between the tangents a, t and b, <■ - 

the curve of the centre line of the 
rail greater turn a quarter circle: 
the tangent a. b inclined, and the 
tangent b, , \,- yt 1 To unfold the 
section proceed as in the previous 
figure by drawing the dotted line 
c,r' perpendicular to r, y, and die 
dotted lir.ef', c" perpend ionlar to the 
inclined tangent b, a , make b, c" 
equal to A , c of the plan; thus trans 
faring the level tangent b. C to the 
section, and at the same time form 
ing the correct angle between the 
tangents of the sertion , as at a', b, ?". 
To find the minor axis draw the line 
on plan parallel to the level 
tangent <■, b . raise the perpendicular 
line d, d", cutting the pitch line a', b 
m d ; from & draw d , /, parallel to 
the ground line t, r: from A draw 




< 1 I, ,! ' i 




fig 37 



/. {> square to tli* pitch line .» . /• In i- \ .h.o \i ., . i,.,., ,,, 
connect tt' , a* and <T. tie \w.vd . unw foroi wl bU»cki 1 tl the • * 

Will be the mir.ot .• vi- mil the bill uugertf .mli... «■•• • ... 

0. 1 will b( the u ifi : .» u» T< • f*»j« 1.1 I aIkp a.- 
draw the cttfVi ") tti« ■ ei.Me fine ei| .1 i\ fhe ■■tlni 1 • ' 

the rail OA tiie :ii 'ii. iake u.\ 1 |j . lit 1 ufi ., , 1 

point S, on the ,ii:\. o| '.],»■ pl.iU • ., lit'' N "i. - t« ;..a 1 

dfa.1t t, h pal a lb I 1- ■ ' hi 1'" o rat igi HI 1 t|f ve 1 if th«* liti\ CuM.i ... ■ .■<- 

1 , 1*; on //. raiae a pei pei.d. ufetr line portion 01 1 tt* U thai , t-> 
cutting the pitch line in ^ from tl«i> The pUii ul ■ .. •,, , , 

last pOilM. diaw ih< ilia h • t ';.i. t ' •■-]■ « i : | ■. :i i , 

m length Ui ?, Aon plan ami p»w aUvl tej md - .»! 1 tw 

to the tangent '•. >' m 'Iims funl shu* to 1 » », 1 nim t 
point /. which i-« a pi uti in ttii 1 it'.e onn< 1 »|m 1 |bi 1 t,s- 

• it the centre line ul rail i»n the -> < !•» j .ir<«Uel 1 el • .i In the • 

tion, draw a <ur\e il gh , ./ rail - t" stand ab p 11 • 1 

Mid the centre line M the r«il ;- netl 1 . N«| •!., pjtcl if I 

fettnd. more >>i r< ■« til thi nitti h il ■ 




(1 



4 m 'I 

.-/ 




TIG 38 



To show more Hearly htm Kig 
is applied to handrail construction 
we refer to Fig. y> which contains a 
plan, elevation, face mould and fall 
ing mould of a handrail rurving out 
at the bottom M a stairway, contain 
ing steps in the curved portion 

All the difference in the section of 
the two figures is in the position ol 
the ground line t t y vbich in f !g. ,vj 
is raised from the tloor line the 

height ol tw., mepa. A careful com- 
(>ansfjn of the tw<j figure:; will sid« 
lice to o plain ]• jg. 



gents raise the perpendt' H it ' ' 
/ ', V , cutting the j tit ■ h line 111 f 

The tangent a', b', is now rl 
section totransW the tangent i • 
tlir sertion, take p,,int b , on pat' ' 
line as centre, with the length 111 
tangeni b\ f \ turn over asshowfl 
cutting the dotted line <t, <" in ' 
This dotted line t'\ as WM pf 

vioual) explained, ia made s<|uaretfl 

the pih Ii line of tangents ; cm 1 ' 

b', whk I) is the tangeni >>• , / trsr* 
ferred to the section, and the -"'K lf 

*i l> <" is the angle between th r 



THE CARPENTER. 



5 



■ . «i.ru r>« find tin ; '' front / ,« centre draw the semi 

, tl). >\W I'.'-'.illi I < in !•■ ton. limy th»- litu- a, H f i and the 

and make ii the t. indent **, a-, shown: the bevels 



it-: — r 



\ t 



=3 h J4 



J 



Pi kti 



f (G 31 



4 



. \t itgtJ> a- 4. > 'iipian 1 »i. tli' thus loum! ait' -lu>Wi. lift, Mid* 

r dra« the e»f !»• / -\ .it a die- ami both aw ••■pul. shewing tii.it 
. fi ,it> . f.|u.il i. .» / .-,"1. unlyom h<" etis required a here i ■ «« 




l u nn<] tin bevels iluw the line 8 . 

pal.lllel til l , i . fr*iui K It" 'I" 




of the tangent //, c\ turn pvei 
•hewn by tlu- m tu m; conned a, 



I ,ii^. in> mv equally inclined and ul 
lite same length 

Hie explanation given foi thii 
iit'.Mn Mill suffice for Fig. .ii the 
pimuplr "t unfolding the lection 
being the - urn- 

(Mffin <»f the Postal Card. 

In 1869, while Profcssoj Emanuel 
1 1. rrman ol Vienna wa. seeking a 
vast amount "I information by cor 

reai dence h>r his notable book 

■• The < iuhle to the Study ol Ka 
cionaJ !•.« unomy," the thought oc 
. urred tu iiiui that many advantages 
would result from the adoption ol a 
meant <>t correspondence cheaper 
th.m t hi- Healed letter. 

On fanuary 26 he went before the 
Austrian post director with Ins idea, 
an open, stamped card, and his sue 
gestion w,is almost immediately 
adopted. Within a month the Aus- 
trian postal authorities printed and 
sold i,ooo t ooo postal cards ami thus 
established this indispensable means 

of connnmiK .ilion. 



Sees & Faber 

HARDWARE, CUTLERY, TOOL AND 
HOUSE-FURNISHING DEPOT 

2008-2010 North Front Street, 

^ Philadelphia, Pa. 

The Moat Complete Stock of Tool* Up-towo 

Genuine Rogers' Triple Plate Spoons, Knives and Forks, Carving 
Knives a'ul Forks, Razors, Scissors, Pocket Knives, Ice Skates, Sleds, 
Tool Chests, Washing Machines, Wringers, Carpet Sweepers, Patented 
Roasting Pans, Mrs. Potts' Irons, Coal, Gas and Oil Heating Stoves. 



The cause of Freedom. 



if ttili b* timiou— t i|*oak out 
I aa.tr the land I luw fi .tu itntiii" 

I w ! iiiMj llMi" a wr'iip Id at Mt ts 
.Milan e « II I. I.er ti..u..(.-.l uamr 

I., potni 1 Kt tm-iy to.tr, nt jrrt 
1 tin loaUta 11 i«*.-'.t. imtt u» (fork 

..I r.,». in. • ■•riny "f llif «ur J 

1 initu, 1 »und, » .tl. Bimuni iturk* 

II IbU he n.l.J — Id iijsli. alii- 

\ iuIbIm »» ' . 111 1 iMd«m * fidi't 

Dial im lif kllvu I irtli aii'l tiluuU 
Maj crtM|i 1 1 < e 1 1 o*ti liwl (ItM rtalii 

I .. tn .iii tlijt |0 >■! 1 r .ti.na . ^ i.«-> 
I'ti>. psjrtMDI ''I Hi* I J 'In 1, 

MufiMk 10 (f,irti.-r • -itiiti trulu— 
1 .111.1 KM » fo«H,t»lU»Jl*f*y«tM 



Don't wait until to-morrow ; tu- 
rn orrow never comes. 

Don't wait for someone else to 
^tart ; start it yourself. 

Don't hearken to the indifferent ; 
wake them uo. 

Don't think it impossible ; one 
million organized workers prove 
dillerelit. 

Don't weaken ; persistence wins. 
mmm — — 
The Labor Press. 



ai41c -tu .if* m<1 

ttl . ■.!■-* . r> nl ..f 1 • « n . 



If iliii 1.1 11* 

lii< mm) (fey tmuken tHtfiinMoM 

I .. tli 1 .1 •uairil lil 1 l.- ir U'bi huur 
1 b l« «f tu ijiiii . for furelgll meifr. 

I lie nobtvl »..rk ID Well l"'g .11. 
I l.i pHlbl » li"f (.I'm • ami lu/li. r JMD 

I rovstd, ti »Ub w**ii (ton 

ii. SiMlt ii ' nurMir#«l n. il>« in,, 
i 'i Uben* b< r >»' ff'i huh 

\1ak. (tl I tlillie .»ii Hi'- iiUtT' i»n l».i> 
IrfltM i.' iii limn. Mftttl i al U«* 

l'«.-ii doi till- iumuUoA DtUtton • Iiv|m . 

■ Uwl n I n, e w h 1 1 in k i.i.t i irtMl 

' Im i*' .j.le UuldlOd laitti iu Mm, 
i in., -taio I gr< »t t'i I" ulljutl 

I or i h 'i .ii Lii"» » DH Im rv tint il.i ir — 
llrr life la "lie in nmv nan 

tn4 tyiai.i »uti, ■h«r**n * alt. 

Mi.». ri a. Ii r M I.er In art 

i miui Pa -W \ i .in. 



I rade Unions. 

l-ostei education anil uproot 
irance. 

Shorten hours ami lengthen life. 

k.tihf waues and lower usury, 

Inciea>e intlcpemleiu t ami d<- 
crease dependence. 

1 ' - elop manhood -intl balk 

tyranny. 

Euitabhsh fraternity and discourage 
ielfishnets. 

prejudice and induce 



Kedm - 
liberally . 

Enlarge 
classes. 



society and eliminate 



Create rights and abolish wrongs. 

Lighten toil and brighten man. 

Cheef the home and fireside and 
Make the World Belter 

All wage-workers should be union 
men. Their, progress is limited only 
by those who hold aloof. * iet to 
get her, agitate, educate and do 



President Gompefl of the Ameri- 
Catl Federation of Labor said in his 
annual address to the nineteenth an 

nual session of that body at Detroit 

•One ol the methods by which we 
endeavor to accomplish the purposes 
of our movement is to aid and en 
courage the Labor papers. The ex- 
tension ami efficiency ul the labor 
press of America is an exellent bar 
uincter of :be marveluin ^tridea 
which have been made. The few 
struggling labor papers in the early 
days of the trade union movement 
helped to pave the way. To-day we 
have official trade papers and maga- 
zines appearing monthly, and some 
weekly, "f a most creditable char- 
acter. There are but few of our 
national or international unions 
which do not publish, an official 
journal or magazine, endowed with 
\ast trade ami technical information 
ami rich in literary merit. These, 
supplemented by the general labor 
papers issued by local central bodies 
or through private enterprises to 
espouse the cause of labor in their 
respective localities, reflecting the 
sentiment of the organized labor 
movement in their respective centers, 
each vieing with the other to do yeo- 
man's service lor the unification Of 
the labor forces of the country, aid 
very largely, by every means within 

their power in crystallizing public 
opinion, so that by peaceful and 
legal methods the interests of all 
organized |»bor, ami hence of all the 
people may b« advanced." 

Trouble In Clock Works 

The Big Hand Say. it's 12 

o'clock. I'm 'ill " m down ' 
Th.- Little Hand ' Let's 
Km shorter 



hour?,. " —New 



strike 
York 



THE CARPENT1 R. 



B fi « !- Splnj - .iiui Hopper 
cm- \ III 



r 11 1 




1 1 



ml 



- -).li\..| i. .in 
Mr. Ill* ru 1*1 iii i i mi 1 1. I'll 
In i;',ul\ !n .l U I'd ''"'i 1 1- 
t'Orv-vtMli'i 'In >ni ■ 1 1'! i . - 

I 

Cltk i i [ 1 i hi. k . it\ >W\\ i til ■- v ... 1 1 - 

"i mi I ...ii n \u\i tit* I 1 iii . 

tin !• i ' ■ Mm .-! a, M Hull IJSUJ 
• ii i*f tl it w ] .V. i . ■ h i mil m i -I 
' l.'I' i ■ nl I 1 1 . i : n,i 11 1 ...i t«3 i nun. 
■ OH II il.i .1(1. . I ■ 1 1 1 1 .1 . ; | i.i,; .ill \ 



Mir ■'.ukin.' ... . In 
i»ls< > bt* i >! ii.iim .i 1 v i !u- 
k! fifl n ii ] w li . ii til. 

1 1-. . I .i* .it d , ' i 'i 

nidi wti'Mi .it tlv i o. it 

1 hi ■ ■•< iliitii m m - 1 i c i , 1 1 1 • ■ 
; kIviJ i nly [] i |)Qj I . i 
t i-Jil ill !i •■ an 1 Pijl ii |*| 
-j 1 '\ - 1 1 it ftoppi r \\n\ iii-.- 



i i , i i ,i\ 



I in i i 

. 

■ . i 

K I 

II iitu*Ii 
iii, 



•-' I' 



. i 



nti 



A t 



i. 



mi ilu ni I h.vvi i 'i • v i ' 1 1 nut h 

|i tfV t'Olll] !< I . I ^ tills si 111 a lit 1 1 tj h I -j . 

I may h<i\ .ii I , i i U uit Ii 

i>!h.' i-i nun. . - 1 flit U*i re iHllii ult 
e.i impffs, 

1 1 maj In' .is n i ii j . i. it- ai il 

[iiniii tint tin . \ an;. 1 «, jji\<'li fk)l 

obtaining iln splat i. i douhtc 

' illA .it ill i- M lli itt>pl I . W itii sli _ In 

v trktt.il iiw, ii 'i u i 'i l. ii u i'i< .! I iy 
' iuublc ellipsis if t lli| i. ii ,,i - in 
t'Hipl.iv ed inst< .i'l ni . ,i ui.n > >i|i - 
1 h. a 01 kin.tii w :;l .it i <■ . . i,, , .\ 
tilt' I m vi'U .tin I spin- , . .;■ .i i i , iiil i| 
ellipse iii i\ be nl it.iiiii ij mi 
grasping tin j -i.il. ipji . <i u n mi.ijj 
work tin' ilnniiii- 1 urvatures 

In dealing with llrtpp i- :iH llii 
rules gi\ ''ii H i i i' I' >r hi >p{«'(-« having 
mill < ii ri 'i ni't -ni' I ll ji :m: no h!< • k- 
<»r reinfi «i iriny ; lieei s In the > oi iiei - 

In tin- i 1 1 1 1 — ( r.ilii ni glum n it I i. 
S |, I 1 ni " nl a iiH iliu. i where t ■ 



J 
/ 



- . K 



ss 



tin .ii ' it li, cutting tl. 

... I >, ll. lk I. • >! i I . i 

• !i raring ii ■ .in • , t 1 1 

< " u " 1 ; nl ,h '- !»°WW 11 , *" M hopper havBig;tti ("iii wngt «i I. tin Uvel \ |rn tl.. imti 

. \ • > lit 1 1*1 1 I ' L{ i i 

\ ivjus 11 hi .'.j itt n, ■ ' 



i«jiot, in v\ hich :t .\ iii In; i-''h tli. a 
tli' i ■ • ijuit<_' .i iliit. i- .',1 1 tri 'in the 



1 1! 'I i.-' ill}}* I'l : i i II - 1 I i I! . .ill .1 ni 
-!'.;]. il\' iliiii rmit u.i_\ . 

I i.-t US s'i|,j,,, , , i, U || iftvl fill .i 



.1- -ll 'U tl .it A , ll, ( ' 1 '^ .ii,, 
v\ ith .in iin lin .turn i-- Ijrjtt n ii _•. 



I I 



m&hud v»u|*J«y*d in cd t..;.nm : th- ,.,!.,.„ y tu., ,„,int-,. A C, tspwlly ., hi), m ., ,.„,t I „ , 
lilies 1' 'i .i imti nl ji >int, * 'i 'ii-trti- t 
.i cigii) .in^li- .is it A I < . I i^. ^ ■ , 
i i«iunue .\, I:, pufl K . Prom K . 1;. 
in. ik' th? in- [illation uj tin. -idi - i.i 

ill'' impi'i t . .', ^ , llu- i ul- (in l])i 

sin i. n i ni ilu sif.lca .n<- fottntl Its 

the suw? |>rinci]>)c as ilu.-. Uti 

mitre joint« iircvhinslj slw»wn in 
t In si- papers . 

I 'Chm |, ni righi ;tnj»lf.s w itli i. 

' l.iUi \ ,i i i in i . . uni -1 1 ii r ,-.n 

.in tuiii hin^ ilu l. am r line, i uttiufj 
in i I 'i.iw fn in i, . i utttn^s ill' n, ;ii' . -V- 

liiit; in 5 : frtmi ■ npiurt' tlrau .i lim- 
cutting ni ittin n and I! tl>ia 
v i\ i s h. \ . : \V, us thi < 1 , 1 1 ' i it in . ,i 
QUI mi tin ,in I.,, , ,,| 1» H 
ttriil tin- imti roiju, i. il.i i \ 1 1 \ tun 
I'liiui-, A, <'. mi tin iiniii anjjle, 
>i|n.iilv ilist.mi iii, mi i;. mafc tin 
;U»gl< II. K, I • • in.il ili.,t nl *. K 1. 

shewn on the l< fi . from 1 1 dr«« 

till i hi.; ll | H Mill I . ; nt>W t.iki ( " , .is 

,i centre, .ni' l si rike an .n . tun. hui j 
line Is. I.. I row ,\, i\\.w\ ,i tin. 
tout hiruj thf in .a 1 1, uni i uttinj- 



f 4, 



«li<- I'MMiii.'l line through U in N, iliBtant irom IJ, [out A C\Ws*et this 



Us .is slmwil at J. •, HL.y |„- lound 



at liue bevel |. It,, ntme rule 
lis., applji s end m Uui \„.^ 



thus hxuijj N ( asapouil Then b) line in P, through l'. iitdetui 

drawing torn t% thnxugh N we gel n. iy I ind a In v . I for ilu aide eui 

HteWJX t for thi- blltt j«>i»l faint* by dnWM U 3 , # , t^WOt Will. .■. 3 ; ptaeed In a ln„ .^nlal'll^nM!' ,1!! j: 

on »hc -inls -.1 timlHTS running hon- tak- j M a cwUre, and stukr ; „, f fJ4Wei havinii an m i ancle s 

zoHtall v in tapered framed ttructuri's, touching the lower inn cuttint> in j 

when lite plane irjtiari .uni ilu- draw from 4< cutting the mine line 

inelinafioruf equal, ma) be found by in s, and from ii ttjuare drau a lm<- 



inn 



IS ill -.. J |l,i il 

Bj puttinjj tin-, .mil tl,. a together 



■ 



I 



, i 



.a. 



' ' ■ : 
■ i 



■ 

* 



' 

1 ut<- .titd u fnsi H ; !. 

■ ■ ■ 

•• I ll" Fill 'I 'i-i ■ i v * . . '♦ 

J > ■ I ' ' i \ 1 1 1 , ! . i - 



1 .. 



i Mil, pi . (ji inn 
i tin i v\ it'll th< -n iftoij * • 
1 ..f i Scpi» lulu i tunuhvi "I I 1 1 1 
I ' .i i i ni 1 1 . s 'll i|i|'K fthvl 

1 1 1 ' ■ • i . i 1 1 1 v 1 1 1 , •, i ■ i \ i ! . .< I i .1 ' I 

ii' 1 >iii' 'I n.iaiiiu; il I lie ittui : " 

'Ut i ri r. im ,, 1 1 1 1 1 1 tjtatighi * 

aiv 1. 1 i nl, , in .ml ihc kfii u.ii 11 
iii', ii. ■ 

A' .i utatiti i i.i pi. n in ' . !■ 

ludfiti ti \ in ( hand in in ifi 1 

rard board, .i tntj in tin form ul ih 1 
one .linvs u ni I ju L.n inj ■ 
i'l' s .ill ni \ in. h are aplaj ed 1 1' " 
u i 1'igln ohm • iingii n i , \ 1 1 »h» n 



ihis method. 



the student Catt geta^cmd in»iehl eight Kidaved joint!- an to ■■■ " 11 
CttMinfiit Join 6, % this gives into the pri nc l|»te» that are involved strurj. Ki« . s W th, m i m ' 



■ 1 — 



* • 



THE CARPENTER. 



1 1 1 



i i 



, I In | ■' ■ I" 



^ hj lajsht Hours ? 



I: 



iliy-liiil!! I] 



" '■' : '' | 1 1 j ■ <i :twl iht' hvii 




VERY BEST FURNACE 

is made right here in Philadelphia and is uaed 
cve-ywhere by wise people. It is 
THE PARAGON FURNACE 

ami it is the best furnace because it gives more 

heat to the square inch than any other Furnace 

made. Its unique 

construction renders 

this possible. 
"Hint* about Heating" 
will interest and help you. 
It is Pit BR. 



THE VERY BEST RANGE 

is also made in Phila- 
delphia, it is 

THE EXCELSIOR RANGE 

made it) seven size* «nd every conceivable style. It 
liai been known to Philadelphia house keepers for the 
past \'i years as the verv best range. 

The ■' MAGIC " rang-- 'fills the bill for a small, com- 
pact, inexpensive range. Full description scut free 
upon request. 




ISAAC A. SHEPPARD & CO., M ** E « 

1801 North Fourth Street Philadelphia 



A1 M f »KW YORK I , nd f 

| 31 -J Pp.M St. S l.ai W. Fayette St. 



BALT1MOHR 



! I 



: i eel u\tt- \\u w liges jiuid tu 
r; .i! vv-r'r.. 

: ; . • fil i i |ii ! > ;uUtt**1 ky 
■ ' I . I .Jit !,n.ir- ivnuld 



SASH WEIGHTS 

E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use inferior Sash Weights when oar goods can be obtained from 
any good Hardware Dealer .' We claim for our goods, 

HONEST WEIGHT 
NO LUMPS OR FINS 

ALL WEIGHTS WELL CLEANED AND PLAINLY MARKED 



Special Weights 



Made as Ordered 



We respectfully aak that our good* be epeclfled 



PATENT 



M [>uis| i > ii ln.il tni : ttv> 
St pit's tin «!.•• . •!<•. J ;'■» ofl thj 



A i 



1 .i « iPM* W}! »'■" 'MOW' has W 

i,l l • I |}| 1 I I H 1 . 



> i apa< uy '■' 



H i h :i. 1 1 1 ' pi i than Sii li 'l-'ii, 

kuti M «.■•... n. Ml M u,.!n;, I.. IN uhi , ,.,„„. ,,,„,, Joujj l, ( ,in> t.l 



i . r '.. ii'n, a ilk i in o . should be 

.ill. >| .]< -1 limp 1< i-'!f'-. 

I ht . [^Ui b"Ui i) ly »<•»!< I ini r« nae 

llii lui gi if) iij il.t wnrki 

1j w hiuUI iiivi i;fe«iti i 0|>|iiuttmity 

I, || >. .< :, ! .iihl ( < 1 1 1. .itiniLiI Jew top 
lii' lit. 

i: nOiiUi t.i'.->- tin- stantLird oi 

|j ' ■. ||| «m a li li liiisiiii -,s |ii>i^ 

|i Uy i U -j " \ufo 
h ... i jjivt raefl -i i rutin e i<> 

, uittnittd with thvii Unitricx, 
li iwiM iicoui'dv tciiijii i .iiu < Us 
t; On' .]>• in- h *f stimulants 



ii' Inn ii tin- opinion lii ll ] .t h ,i 



' i' II ii in' tbti I- .Hid 4pj>li ■ t 

-nil kttitcd i' > 'li* A i 'i' 

v " 1 Mi. in the |{»1J{ ' Ira* ti Mid 

'""I ' I ll' ll I l|. ll , ,])( S I l| (111 I Mil" f 

. mtd t I • • » — < ■ pri'»t*nt' d in N » i * ■ 
' "'■ 1 M i »» k .in 1 \ 1 1 n > it u\ i i I lii- 
1,1 ! niil'ii.ii y winking mortals 

l\i hi , ontiHiwd- 1 



i'hai>i iiiiiniis .ii r- tin bulwark 
"' modern il. uimit.h \v . ' WiltUm 



1 1 m "iiM ni ik« liein i 1 iiiiens by 
ii,- tin . iti/i'iis more ti.in- t « « 

. h i ii.ukd Ills duties. 

I: wmh'i.I I,- l|i the t.i\i ;i\ti Ij> 
I ut in.' tl . ii ..!ii|i 41 n H k. 

h MintUI ux> inn '<• .in iiul'-j ifiiil.uit 
,jtjj ,i Alnrlt li»< Ww% in wei w •! kctl 
pcoj>k\ 

h \Mini i imitd up trade unions, 
and . i Mi' i mi 'ii 'I « ""i i W tht* law 
■ .i sin i e»s ii the militant world o| 
iiulii>n v. 

h would "i" n u|i th« road to 
. \ 1 1 \ .ii mi. d»l< si.. Lii reform, 



EXCELSIOR 



IK 



"Hill- 



WEATHER 
STRIPS 



Joseph Q. Taite's Sons 

S. E.Cor. 12tli and Fltzwatar Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 



The above firm is the successor of the old firms of Arthur, Bnrnhatn & 
Gilroy, Chaa. Dumb. mi & Co., and llurnham, Taite & Son, who were located for 

over 30 years at the N. K. Cor. of loth and Sausom 
Streets. The first-named WOS the ORIGIN A TO A' 
and PATENTEE of the Intent Excelsior 
Weat.ter Strip, the first trtetbes strip placed on 
the market, and the present lirui still mannfac- 
turei it in « greater variety of Woods and of the 
Best Rubber racking. 
They carry in stock— Ash, Imitation Walnut, Cherr> , Fine, Walnut, Pine 
Painted W| it< d White Huamel and Polished Walnut, Cherry and Mahogany. 



LIBERAL DISCOUNT to Carpenters, aullder.and 

Hardware Dealers 




8 



THE CARPENTER. 



THE CARPENTER, 

WHCiAl "H'US U. Ol THI 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

I'uNiihi J Wi.nthly on the t-itieentli uf eai'h muttlh 
at 

Lippuieott Building, 4b N, Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pi. 
P. J. McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 

I niert-J al th« Pust-Oftke at Philadelphia, ftk, 
seconJ-vlass matter. 

Slum.wiPTiOS PRICE:— Fitl> i L-nti a war, in aa 
vani:e, pOStpaU. 

U4f*1t all fetters anj mone> i I 

;p. j. McOume. 
Box d3 4 . Philadelphia, P», 

PHILADELPHIA. JANUARY, t^HX). 
keep Out of Politics. 



AM. Li leffixuweli. 



ii 



AYS of high political ex- 
citement are again com- 
ing i hi apace — days of 
biasing, flaming, burn* 
ing, seething pi Aitict — 
days in which the- men uf the nation 
will take sides in a Struggle with 
threatening violence, rage, vehe- 
mence — almost approaching in its 
fury, sanguinary results. 

And wli**t will be the cause .if 
this Upstarting of heated blood 
through the ^ates and alleys of its 
normal channel of natural flow ? 
Will it be in honest contention for 
establishment of principles for the 
uplifting of a race, fur the better- 
ment of conditions of the general 
mass, for the stability of a nation of 
free and enlightened people ; or will 
it be only for the spoils to be won, 
for the power to be obtained by the 
winning side, for the larger accumu- 
lation of wealth by the greedy, 
voracious few, and the willing sub- 
jugation of the many to further 
helpless, oppressive, humiliating 
contentions for a fair proportion ot 
the world's belongings? 

Vear after year these excitements 
ebb and flow, and a whole nation is 
fired to the boiling point of heal. 
Demag* ignes and charlatans, mounte- 
banks and political fakirs, bribe- 
takers and place hunters, lighten up 
tin- horizon with torches of pseudo- 
patriotic flame, and the general mass 
attracted alone by the pyrotechnic 
display, find, in the end, the same 
gloom of darkness, and only the 
charred stick of the rocket which 
proved an ignis fat tots over the marsh 
of buried hopes and aspirations. 

Has the working man no concern 
in the results of these uprisings of 
flame and flume? As a trade- 
unionist he is told to "keep out of 
politics." Kor a trade union, as 
such, that s most wholesome 

advice. The trade union lias a mis- 
sion to fill. Its motives are pure, 
holy and unassailable. It is fully 
worthy of its intentions, and with the 
progress now happily in view, it is on 
the broad road to the accomplish- 



ment id its honest desires. All h 
needs is a faithful adherence to lilt 
principles w hich prompt its creation 
and the methods which govern its 
action, ami its destiny is assured. 

Hut for the worktngman, of an) 

class, the admonition to "keep out 
ol politics" is as "wasted sweetness 
op tin desert air." "Keep out "t 
politics!'' Not when bread and 
butter are at stake. If there is any 
thine more politic than another it 
is something to eat Drop .ill th< 

"ii*" and " aiuls " of partisan 

excitement and inducement, ami 
' ' strike ' ' for the flour barrel ul" \ oar 
subsistence. Don't stand around and 
poim tin finger of censure at the 
fellow that's got more of this world's 
goods than you have, Ii a majority 
of us are penniless because the laws 
are so framed that those who havi 
the most are getting more, and we 
that have nothing, and are getting 
nothing, are being deprived of gaining 
strength in our struggle for firmer 
foothold, we should not blame those 
who are filling their haversacks, but 
bin ic ourselves alone, who have the 
pov er of relief, but are too cowardly 
to assert our manhood. The cir- 
cumstances, it is true, are at present 
against us, but a little reflection on 
economy in a political point of 
view ; a little less faith and depen- 
dence in partisan pyrotechnics and 
horn blowing ; a little more sense in 
selecting those who are to frame laws 
for our own economic advancement 
and amelioration, would bring about 
a new order of things, would ac- 
complish a more equitable distri 
bution of the products of our toil, 
give us a larger and fairer division ot 
the capital we almost wholly create, 
and place us more securely on a 
level with those who have bu n, for 
many long ages of the world'* 
history, robbing n* with our own 
sweet submissive sanction and will. 

" Keep out ot politics ? " No! 

Wade right in, and yourselves dictate 
what laws shall bring us relief. 

To begin With, 'here must lie no 
lack of harmony among the working 
masses in the work of accomplishing 
the ends to be obtained for a general 
amelioration of conditions. There 
can be no effect without perfect run- 
cert ; there can be no concert with 
out confidence ; there can be no 
confidence without being bound 

together by common opinions, com 

mon affections and common interests. 
The movement of reform, slowly 
moving forward, has much resenv 
blance to revolution. There is 
strong evidence of evolution— an 
evolution of thought — an unfold- 
ing and unrolling ; a process of 
growth and development, in tin 
minds of the common people, which 
is not the result of chance, nor of 
popular caprice ; and if it should 
threaten rebellion, it is not from a 
passion for attack, but from im- 
patience of suffering. 

It is not to be supposed that the 



pt-ilph , 4* a ptwpfa . an nevw w«'«»tus 
That t)n v hltVl I" 1 ;1 *' I* "' 
ti ei[iient lh < in 1 1 no thil "I all 
disputes between the peopii and 
theWf who ait" delee.d, d with th< 

administration of power, ttii pr< 
-mnpti. ifi i* 'it teaSI upon a [Ml hi 

t tb. p. ople When ],..|iulai 

di -content- are prevalent, -orni thine 
ha- In < ii found ami— > uln i ill lb- 
. i iffStl UCtw ill i law -, i if in tie a. I 
mmi-traii. m ■ i them. The gi neral 
ma— i - hai ' il< 1 inlet i -t in di* ml« i. 

Win ii they go wnmg.ii i* rhi « 

. rim and in >( tli< ii ' t nne 

Then is in .'dun- cnu I criminal 
in party alii mo ■ i •tffUiafii itt, I'.u 1 \ 
dilfi i ' nci - and c mt< nth »na are n al!\ 
the grounds • ■' stability i >t b> Et< i 
government Then mu*tbi friction 
in ill the i< ti« '»5 • »f lifi ii.ttutal i a 
artificial, in the conduit "f gnvert 
meiit as well a- in the neul.it;. 11 o| 
moredonn stieaiiaii- l»ut nudisputi d 
undeniable ft alty \i > p.u | v i if pat 
tisan measures, i* bondage n.. xcu- 

able to tin promptings i >i r< .i». m and 

sanity. Party Combination |S COD 

\t nieiit (■ .i working purposes, bin 
one about which even thoSelBuftt in- 
terested care to say as little at p. >s-i 
ble, Tin re appears to In sum tin: _ 
revolting to the intellectual integriti 
.md self-respect ot tie individual in 
the systematic surri nd' t . t i, : s mi»i 
tonal action, interest .md power, to 
a political connection in which hi* 
own judgment may never on© I" 
all< iwed ti i © mnt i' ir anything. And 

then, many people closely allied to 
party confederacies frequently e 
quire a narrow, bigoted and pro 
si. riptive spirit. It is of n ,, especial 
credit to a man that h< li altt , V s 

acted right, from his own stand point, 
but has taken especial i ire t, , ,, | m 
such a manner that hi^ • lldeav#»n 
couhl not positively be productive «»! 
any consequential good* 

For tin workingman, il i-. only 
by the ,m rCtse ot his politicd p*>We| 
thai he cm ever hope (or .ibsolut. 
redemption from evils which tipun *x 
him. Thtf can mrver f>e d'»ne \>\ 
politics in what may b. n rm< d .i 

partisan khm, Tin average wurk 
ingman has some knowledge of 
what he may expect in that line 
Republican or Democrat, Populist 
or Prohibitionist -it is all the same 
when it comes to action in bisbchali 
Partisan promifts ^o for naught 
Majorities roll up <,n either side; the 
whoops and hurrahs signify s"; 
faction at the victories achieved; men 
are inducted into place and power; 
peculation, robbery and corruption 
characterize the general tone of leg 
Wation and administration of affairs, 
and the general mass of working- 
men, like the gilly |ti the hunt for 
snipe, are left to hold the bag. 

How nmch— Oh, how much Ion 
ger are laboring men t< eontifl'to 
as "the hewers of woo. ., | t] 
drawers of water? " Who a at fa, fi 
Not the successful ones, m 

Not the ones who have conceived 



K m 

I«t3«l 
ti'lit-i 
<i;n 

III Vi (ft 



and i .11 rift | to .n , , .inp'i ! in, t) . ,| 
-chciii' - which have ,., 
. lev. id. ill to p< >Wer ami pj . it 
I In in \k In . Uugh t" vOFo 
pl< a. line,-, ot tin oppi, - ij (.,, ' r( ,,; ( 

Th. V do II ..\ el .md I 

V ai in and \ eai not 

at tin gtitlihilttv 

. ai ed ma --i -• it ii. ■! rlssj - 
i li I In til j .1.1. e mi I p. .■ 

Suppi -i ib, y m killgKti 1 t ,tu* 

. i immunity. any mtmii ipal ■ \ mntv 
. . mgri 'ital di-n i> i ..I ;,| 

..Mibnn . U h it might Hoi riu 
a. . . .mp!:-ti ' Why 111 .1 >i \t ■ ,| m m 
li n i '. niiii ifntan i egai .11. - . . • ■ , 
pi i ti i . n. i , w by ii' it .i f,„ 

M ; v 'ay ii"t a I..g;.'.,« . u j iv 
no] i I ri \ < in. ur, w hi i >\ ill ., s tji 
i . pi i -i :it the Intel e-t- i if |,tfn . ,|, } 

iii his . hi '.-'li Meld ot ,|, I;,,.. I j,,,, i 

-t.tnd .a. lund and e» miplai that it 

>'■:.■ j I). don, l..i|...; |y |)„ 

ac i| itv m any i ity, ... ■-, IH 
-tit.. I .ab. it In- Hi. | ,. w . : : | |jj 
n il. uiption in it- i ■ ",\ u hands mil ■ 
,t hi- at it- mi y d< " •! - tbi nn ,: 
ii !i< | .md will llfli! a--, it |l> phi j< . 

!1\ e, W ill not exei , i-, tl.. Il ,-r j| 
I M ' — — e — — i - |o[ it - llWll (''!', pttOtl 

ab-- 'iute and hi • Ml e, it -h> mid !,;.], 

it- lit ad ami -uiti i innli t t!,. j iiiful 
lash ■ f w ilhiiK submihMi m 

■■ Keep out ..I Puliti - ' ' \. ..i 
i it • mi. . p. ilitii - w i'h \ tm and i ig i 
l )i^.uu/e ic n p.uti- tti . 'ab- :■ rverj 

• ■ immunity. Bring mi n i: • . i , 
ti a. li - or . ,dling:>. li* en bring n\ 
.iitiii.it i< oi tin umirganijntl « irk ijj 

in. in. Ha', i t: e.j.i, nt me. tillg . lie.. 

frequeni <h-. u— .n- uji' .ii .j ;• •' iit> 
1 il ei . ai. unit imp* u t. Md n ii< tht 

ignonutt upon (}lte>ti> m- ttl 

\ ital t. . thu g- ;.. i il itiu l|i uati "I 

the m.l— . -. Ii.il ,,H ,!, HI v gin - 

and partisan btatrni -kit. -. !<• i i 

e\e on the . b|. mil plrtl • I ' ' 
and Si*fc the b- -t m.m f<ii \ ■ | : iui - 
po-e, no nuttei what hi ! ::;■: 
i .1 edilei ti. .;,s . .| | ..u tl-an .itll ; i''e;.- 
may hat i b. . n. Seek biai ■ T, II il 
let him sei k v< H». ( ii\ e h.m t hW 

trial. If In i..i!, you, di - e m 
tbrou him ..nt .md try ugi I 1 
yon hnd a wan ahead) nam 
•my party tb it \ . m i an irtwt, 
him and gi\ . him V' an \ . .t. - 
Show him what you . ,m tt»i 

< beam/, d 1,,|„,, hid, ,| 

doing nun Ii fin ih< 1 1 d< nip' 
labor from opprcsidw wmdii 
Ii is a Ii tn^; stretch ot woods u arr 
going through, but the I 

ahead ol us : f we pel -> vere. M* 1 
nopoly is -n|] strongly i 1 1 T r « 

I a t us keep our advancing t*»>hi 

well ma .-ed. Instead of keej 
out of politics get right into the 
fray, and if we are In in in mil ; , " ' 
pose, ttue to our colors, we will rout 
the enemy, hoi se, fooi and dragoon 



! * 



He who |o\cs the brittle of b 

ets, only sees in their gtittei wlw '" 

forehand he feels in his heart. H * 
avarice and hatred, il is that quiver- 
ing Up, that cold, hating eye which 
built magazines and powder-house* 
— Ralph Waldo Emerson. 



1. 



- ■— ■ 



THE CARPENTER. 



9 



(«;,., ]<>!>< 1 1 ()fTl«»OPH 



,r ilm 



til A 1 1 i.-ri' i. 



Off 



OI CtNCHAL iLCflETAHT 

It illJmx i' 1 N- I » -'til 1 Streei . 
MiitsiJdphw, Pa. 



i p , W*v«rh Si . Vrnikm S > 

■., «*L SICBHABf1Nr»SUHER 

,<i )• i ». Hiu -t I'liiu Mfftu) i . 

FiKIT VICI-FdlilDENl 

.'. MAI I I' J 1 i W I' ■ M ' ' i ■ 1 1 

MCOND vlCt-fHtSIDINt 

■( n |/i i -M h ' Viva v I ■ 

Mam 

Q| PVEBAL EXICUTIVI BO*HO 

. ., ... I. ... r t.f ft* I.I l< S. .11 I 

I.!jr» I |i jv.it. i 

- V, I \M . i Jt t i» • ' ' »»1 Nl 

U|| 1 1 R. N Taylor , 5« i -.at*. s\ ■ 

Mil i A W Ml »l 5*1 i' 

• I. I 'A * I / . j t - I'lilr.jri %> . H.i"f ■ 
Wli I U M'~ i- a Mflli »■ *t|»i -j i , . 



I lie A. tr, ul L. Convention. 

fh« N.:.< teentri Annua] cunven- 
i., m! t!i<- American Federation <<f 
: i .r met 1 larmi mic I fall, I »c- 
•i • Mich . tin Monday, Uccernun 
init, and continual Hi icsision toi 

.r i lay*. In point 1 numbers :t 
•A.i- the largest evet held, there 

.: g about -<>■' il' legates present. 
Si "il l Vice President |amex I Mm 
,., caUed the body t'j order This 
duty fell ipon Mr. Duncan owing in 
: v- fact th it President < »omueri met 
a t)i .hi 1 ident in •» street • it < 1 
i) the u i fK befufi in \\ as!. 

. I I ( . , I iist \ : ' IV I' M T 

I' I Me* iuift; 1 m hl|{ ■ ab*i -.1 
frti ,i the Dftentitu i * rcmonics 
ii' ttue ut ill il* •> - in !. .-. i.tinii v All 

nldrcsa <>i welcome t" the reores 
entutivc* wns delivered l>> llt-rliert 
i i rre% lite, I'n aidenl ui the 1 letroU 
Luuncti of Trades itfdl,at>oi I iiiona 
I hi- ii-|n'i <ii tl.i- ' ri'Tterstl < >iit 

■ ; - indieat tin- \-r> isiktoum condi 
Own 'i the Trades rni.ui muve 
ui' ui iii tliis ■ min'ry I It tin annual 
n ;i>irt ui President 1 iompi w 1" 
notes .i revival ui industry, which 
is a ratiM for congratulation, espe. 
ctoll) as wages ol organize*! workers 
have iir«-ii increased and tl><* hours 
"f l.iinii in many case* reduced 
I' 1 rrijorta the growth *A ITuuwism 
'luring tlu- vc;u .i- particiilari) 
gratifying During 1 1 1 * - past veai 
charters have hc< n issued tu 9 
National Unions; City Central 
l-'l" 'i l r uions and Trade Assemblies, 
304 Local Ti.nle 1 'iiinii". and " " 
federal l^abor 1'iiiuns. There ai<- 
now ahitiated wiili the Federation, 
73 National and Intern. ttinii.il I 'ninii^ ; 

11 Slate Federal ; on" of I i!)t>r, 
1 IS Centra] Labor \ Fniana and Trad* 
Assemblies, ^y.s I. oral Trade Unions, 

(ljf which no National or Inter- 
ttHMtsJ Union exists) and 2<>2 
l-ederal Labor I'inoiis. 



The rej«»i t ol Sri retary Kratit 
M"iri-on ih'jwed utt ihcr«sp* in 
ineomc ..t --^ : , vrr ,],,,, ,, f 
1 vi' ir while th- 11 nwst. mali h 
tin org udzotg [nirprises were .^1 1 
\> 1 j 1 ,.s mor* 1 th ui lasi \ . ;u Tim 
total receipts for the . >-.n ^ < r» .» •» . 
7-7 1 Kxpensc , 2J 
leaving .1 hatam <• mi hand •.! <t,,,- 

I i" I- rate™ il I Iflegutes |Fre.«*n< 
were [ame* Hastatn imd Alexandei 
WUkie from the Trade 1 '".inn Con 
:;n-^ England and ! \n\ id < an % 
from the Trade md I 1 1 rigri » 
nf ( 'anada. 

One "f the important features 01 
•In- Convention was the seating d\ 
.1 delegate from the . t r.!.'! f^atU 
road Telegraphers, adtkli i> th.- 
• >'. ill'- Railroad Hrotlierbooda i" 
affiliate It i* evidently experti t! 

«t ih- other* will foil i« . 

Mi-- Sii-.in l'.. Anthony a<|rlressed 
the 1 iiti'.ii during tin so 1 md 
day s session rut the -.ul>iert ni 
aom.insunrage. At the third tlav's 
-i «ii 'ii addresses were delivered l. - . 
t;.»* fraternal delegates from the 
I'.i!:: !i and ' 'anadtan l""li< ». \'r<-~ 

■ t 1 lornpers arrivejtl r il <- < • m 
ventton on the ' r| tli and s*as ettthn 
ii istically welcomed, 

Coder tli'- report ot die Con. 
mittce on Resolutions the following 
Wert adopted during the >e\'-r ! 
d.ivs sesiiions 

Urging enactment 01 a United 
States I.i a requiring the using of the 
Allied I't.i.tin^ Trades' label on all 
1 1. iv prument pnblii at .< <n> 

1 1<- ' 1' in$ unfaii tlx 1 *Ii 1 i^i 1 
\ '.' .. and !the Chicago 
and nil |niM : < a 1 '-.us on nr. I and roti 

1 1 . .!!'•' | by Victor I I aw n . 

( ". indemnutg a> turn i>t tla t«-o> 
;.iii i..i- ui the Nev Vorfe SMvatfd 
A.- fun s ' Shh and detnauditiiJ tin 
reinstateim nt the oW anti u 
printers on these |»ajjersh 

Protesting against the in rcase *it 
iii'.- st. ui ting army >>' ih<- 1 uiu d 
St it< s and urging a redui tion the 
regular ijuota oi 1 '-,<■■ rnett> 

Rccoiuinendiug thai tin- legislu- 
Inii s . >: dl tip' st.iti-- enact laws |*fu 

viding thai no convt' 1 si 1. ill prod 111 u 
.»i ntannfai ture urti les to be snid m 
competition with |ir.'dmis ..1 free 

1 il H n 

Condemning th' contraci lalau 
system of the Hawaiian Islands and 
ni^in^ the immediate cessation "i 
inunigratii m under that a) stem, 

Indorsing the legislative measun 
ui the International Seamen's L'nion 
uf America and urging theii ena< j 
men! by I Congress, 

L.Vging tin- extension of the pri\ 
Urge oi holidays with pa) to all em 
plovers oi United States navy yardi*, 
naval stations and arsenals. 

Authorizing the executive council 
to appoint a special organizer lor ihi 
Pacific 'nasi states and territories, 
and recommending that the presi 

1 Continued on Page 14. 1 



PERFECT-ALWAYS 

Black Diamond Files and Rasps 



TWELVE 
MEDALS 
AWARDED 




AT INTER- 
NATIONAL 1 

I 

EXPOSITIONS 1 

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A PHILADELPHIA, PA. # 

4%. %^t->f*^«y% 



Wararooms, 
York, Philadelphia, Chicago 



Factories anil General Office*, 



P. & F. Corbin 

Man ut a cturers of RuHders' f^itie Hardware 

925 Market Street 

^^^PHILADELPHIA 

PHONE No J733 



WM. P. WALTER'S SONS 

1233 Market Street, Philadelphia 

HKADQUAHTJEHB FOB 

The Latest and Most Approved Tools 



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The Original Wm. Beatty & Sods 

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10 



THI CAPPFIMTER, 



; . iiilun Letter 




1 i ! i m and the Tii- -iii 
. tin • :.«;; i ei n . - 
nu d i'\ I n i i" xki'i \- 

i; . i >i i : i> ll 'iy L>HCK u j ii 'H 

twelve tin intihs < >i unusual | rvwj < i ii \ . 
Work h^ci lnvn i nwuaui unices high, 

and dlHpnl - i; - iii?! v sh :t and sue* 
eCsstnl. 'flits l;,.!._v Mil ..I. 1) . : : Hi 

tiling.-, however, : - not ,'■ rni mem in 
thi- prt v,it -m it . : indusiirl 
Period i ofenfon < J kj em — iti«i per 
hiijw redo til \v.tge», alien !. 1 [rut 
near ii. • i >1K- .ii My, l 'in with tin- 
experience <<( .i .-. ntury behind imwe 
ki;uA these trade slumps .itc never 
many years aw.iy from :in't us. 

For example, whereas in \h mem- 
ber i>i this y% ar the Am.dgam.iti il 
Society ni Carpenters am] [outers 
has only S14 uoenvployid nu«njl»ef*, 
unt ni ,i tuta! membership i i f»i . 725, 
it had in I v t intiri. no less 

th.m 1 ..<4 \ meiuhei - 1 >ut "i wot k . out 
of a total Rjt?n>bership of only 4;, < 1 j : . 
I n tSgo unempltij n! benefits totaled 
up in over lu.i hundred thottsan 1 
dollai s, It baa n< t been a t|U;ttt< 1 
<>i thai during ibis \ ear. 

Bui as the night foil '.is i hi da) 
BO the bad times recur aid no men 
see this noser than tbe trade uni >ti 
leaders. General Secretary I . Chan 
dler tri the Amalgamated Bttgg 'sta 
to tin* members of his uni. m th .i 
they should seriously consider this 
approaching prospect, He thinks 
that the tot r< medy to be used is 
shorter hours in order that the work 
tb.it can he had should In- spread 
over the greatest possible number of 
hands. 

Then comes tin minor but -till 
hugely important consideration ><f 
checking the importation <if cheap 
manufactured doors, made abroad un 
der unfair conditions, sometiiueseveii 
women end rhildren being found at 
work upon them. The rate of wages 
paid and the hours worked on this 
foreign prepared Joiner) ;tre outside 
all bonesi 1 ompei it ion. in this coun 
try we have factories equipped with 
tttelatesl ami most improved mat bin- 
eryfor turning out tins class of work 
and located in rural district*, where 
wages are down to to ami 1 cents 
per hour and yet these 1 annot 1 out. 
pete with the imported si uti 

It is not the stul I thai . mm , from 
the Ti lted States or Canada that is 
le.ire<l ; it is the produCt of Sweden 

and Norway where the joinery trade 
is in a rotten condition, Canada 
and the St iii s an.- well unionized 
countries, hut S'-andinavia Lgs be- 
hind ■ The 1 ild custom here <»f matt 
iiitf doors lor " StOi k " in the slack 
se.'so.i instead of discharging men 
has been pretty nearly swept away 



in I lie flood 01 MiUlioeUt.l 1 

VV I H k . 

It should le Mi ' mgh ' tie has 
':< I . . bo'A ever, t h it '.I I* tiol 

products tltat »r« obueied.tii in 

: 1 >nl v i''i eijjn 1 in sin. ' -> prvdti 1 ' 
under unl.m ciioilbtons, I ii ll 
cat - ) >en 11 1 s nn< I ioitu'h nl Hrii tin an 
not fttftd ' 1 , in the setts of pn ltd ■ 
against all thai is tnu Ibiii »h, 

show n I y the mttivitii 1 l>1 «'• m il 1 >n 1 'I 
»Oi 1 made by the \. S. ( ' f:. In 
the teiatetl tra< !■■ itntorw "i I ' n 
niai k dui ing then I lie *ti i fi >i 
1m 

in three small distj n is the cat] " ,! ' 
ters and joiners have gained ni* 
ere 1 vd wagi s in the p.i-t moitth 
al ti i^t 20> ' mi 11 beiuy cui L-rued 
altogether. At Selhv and \)*\t r|) 
tid'ge the advance is fri.m 15 to r 
cents pt r hour making tin* ordinary 
rt' i'klv wage« for e.e h pj.t e rtfSpei t 

tiveh . fo -■ 5 iud £k..*jo At Cli**-j 

tei i ltd- 1 the rise ii ii "in ; 7 ' ■ is 
1 '-nts per hom . making tin wt icty 
wages Si 0.25, Ho i - b»mge»in bii 
••1 labor are rejjrtrted fn«n auywloTe, 

Th ship jonti i - .a Cardift, r. 11 
on h. H o r\ and I 'aili >xron. -1 ni in 
recently a m ti • 1 >t tlteii desire foi 
ni ad- .mi e in wages and iini'i' ci i 
working ruli s, \.. ir!. nu m Ii .• 
!«,*' n .11 ri'. ed al and t h' 1 I.tltsnii 1 



ill ■ 1 



l I 1 1 ' Itjl It II > ■ "I 
I n 

; . i ■ 1 1 ! \ ' I kllM 1 Me 

' 



I in- 



1 -t o Wo 



I 



A. S. C, I. and tie ( in ra1 1 niou 
are the organic id. hjs 1 otu erned. 
Tia* 1 utployers are doing thi ii I" si 
1 which means then worst t • ! L 
tlie back of the -ti ike In <■ paging 
nmi union outskle labor and rasing tiie 
shipwrights apprentices. (1 l ."k. 
as though dangerous complications 
are going 1. 1 n suit. 

Mention 01 tin- < ieneral I 'nioo 1 1 
Carpenters and Joint rs reminds m< 
that that old and 1 1 tcrprisiug nruani 
nation is struggling manfully with 
the [jroblem ni how i»cst tc organise 
the noil tuiiouist, The pre 1 i t plan 
"i having only on in in t" Io< »k after 
the whole ni ill,- cmiiiiry has proved 
insufficient. 'I he other sugg* itet! 
I'lan of dividing the ( ounti y up into < 
nunaerou IHlle distrii 1-. em h liavbtg 
the i" iw ei I,, appoint am I suppoi t .1 
lo. al orgatti/ei « ho sludl wot I. d,. 
districl (1.1 a lea weeks a year return 
ing to his beni h I m tween times, i , 
reckoned wasteful and usele 1, Ami-- 
ditnn pi m, which^eetnsa very happy 
our. h is been devised and the mem- 
bers ate now voting upon it, The 
country is divided into three districts 
north. -rn, southern and midland 
•em h ni whii h, it is prO|K>sed, will 
elect a divisional delegate annually, 

lie Shall 111 illl u| In e tm ;i \ . ,|l at £|< 

[>er m i ' , ,md he 1 lijj-iblc fm re 

election. The new < xpense will 
In- met by ,1 »pei i.d rfuartej ly « ontrb 
button ot t .? cents per memher. 

If th.' ne« plan limits in fresh 
members in relative proportion to 



1 



. (in 1 



i 1 ■ 

; ■ >: vi 1 ii ti 



IH'II l 1 e 



1 



I ikuii 01 Ian littg, 1 1 >■ n* 1 - 1 a 1 
tbi I 'i ' 'd i\ ' : ^ .. I - 1 .'I- ., :i . I ' 
• ■ 

■ ' . ■ ■ 

c d p linrj 1 1 ." d 1.! 

- » 

Iml li - 1 • -.ii Items. 



tile t . L« I In -e 1 S*l li.'l: ll;'.. r. 

''I 



1 ' — 1 1 ■ 1 - : 1 . U 



Till ' ; " . ' 1 1 1 K 1 . - t ' ' 1 
1 il'"i' ..1 I 1 hi Pan Sa • t . 1", 1 tpivH 
ti' iii Ci mtjvtn< .' I • il 1. . '■•'!. 

■ Hill .d'K i-td'- 1 I ■ 1,:. ,'. ,." - A ]] 

pie\ a,! and i.:.i- 1 1 1 1 1] .\ '. 'given 

th'- 1 .1 1 : .-ii ■ 

Si. I A ll W -til' I 1 || W , 1 V . " II 1 - 

panics h e. . agutd thai ^.■ 1 • . 

in ui"A cni. trii. ; m, t' . I '■■ 1 ; e. ted 
-I nring thl y.-ar, l\al! '■■ tUaw Iry 
union Ubor cxclu iveb 

-Y 

A 1 Avitfit K V., then 1 ,1 i.dntti 
• ii 2fo h i! atiji w bo ,u 1 lindci die 

din-' ' 1 1 ml 1 < d 1 ■! I.;.. iii 1 if, 'A ho Inn 

thetn t" 1 ni' r» and fruil 1 ■ >>\ n 
in. I taki * mu-t of 1 In ii earning - 

1 "i 1 ( bii ago h In d- - tie ci 41 
'I' ah-n. Ii e.e !,e. 11 UkIu I ' d bv the 
grand atf) 1-.1 uaing . ouuterii a 
anion I.d Is 

V 

I WW 1 thousatul iu n< 1 -. li.e, e 
trm k fot .111 .idvair 1 i.| wagi in the 
Kofiaa 1. - '.-d districl "i Styrta 
An a 1 1.1. 

A I . \ m .1 numbei ■ >f men out of 
efflpioymeni in Victoria, Australia. 

ha\e ||t«fft act In rt'ill, ni) nolw.u' 

COUIiti m linn. 

A Ni a si, kin- ,s .nid .1. cideni 
insuiam 1 law has becti p tsacd I sub 
M t-. 1. ferendmu) in Switxerlaml. 
A ' cortling i" ihc i.e.v. nu ,,iid altej 
fanuar) 1 19a \. every person ovei 

1 l \ e.o i t,i age ' .111 v iti^ nn work for 
any mhn pcT«On on Swiss territory 



■ 

IV otkni ;»h in !.■'•! 



■ t 

■ . 1 

■ 



I rnmd 
I ', ! M. n Wni',,' : 
.1 ! ' ' 1 • .v ei k •• I . 

\ ■ 

' 

I ■ 1 111 ' ! •* itV 



- 

.', ,N t 



■ 



••' th- »».•;• .it I .- : • ■ I 

II 

A. • . 

nf tuf State I '1 :..'«-,,-' 1 ; ; . 

hi fi|M.I 

only certaut 1 1 1 1 (i 

• liin d t.. 1.' nil! rwful :'•: 

1 1 m 11 1 1 ; 1 n "i ; ■ • i'Tii|d»«< 

• 11 nwt! men f< » nol tie tin 
tend' : \ the memben ■ ' 1 

1 1' -ii 1 due i" a inn- ot if 1 nn - ■ 

SyiUO !' 'i 'eh d 1 '. ! 1 .1 1 ' 

■ 1 muuil iid iiitij bi ... mi! : 
inn- in ,01 unpi thotuneui 
\> ii. 

' I I .\ it'. ,|, I'll. 1 , , 

1 >u\ii' n le tie ml. ni tl 
volume 1,1 .1 rep* ill nn hOi II 
trad* iei ii •- kitted I \ da" 1 
government. Ii »eeutsthai a 
of 1 nmbinuttuN wvf* coii»id 

h K-^ m I 1 mi 1 iinii! d , | u 
1 mill thin l.e.i Had. UlltOl 

keep th< it benefit - ■ 1 1« 

ii' - "i.: nn/ uiou . 1 he . 

it. eh- union . for met I uudci 

has im a e than doubled in til • 1 

"f 1 Ryu 07. Ai the preni 

ram tain . .• ;.-.} union 

ansggreg;tte m< mi" 1 bipol ; 

' >f this numbei 1 ; ions 

208 people are engagco ni ttai i-' 11 

and eninillen . , w Ink 4 li'i |,: 

pi-rson^ are in the buifding 
Hades. Thi n an- 4 j . 7 ■ ■< ' uiinert 
ami (juarrymen organized 



the carpenter. 



ii 



i i l 1 t 1 . 1 1 i | \ l v> 

■ • ■! I iiii i' ltntj 
• ii f V "I f i i ■ » 
■ 



i 1 1 1 1 |,|| • : 1 1 . i. • t .ii' 

I !.•:,'.• I t'MlM 
i • '••ill' 1 1 ■ 

I 



: , 

: i ' , ; ■< i . . i ;, ! fal 
I 

: I,- '. < .tin i i 

■ 1 ' : 

■ ■ 

. 



lllj.1"". 



Win 1 



I ■ 1 

i 

. i 

■ ■ ■ 

■ l ■ ■ 1 1 i 



i f i i 
■ . ■ ■ . 



I . • 

■!. 

: ' ■ ' ' r riii 

1 i i tu* nl tin 111 iMi Wmui 

! 1 ifil I; I' i .1 : r H'-t i! 'pi l.i'-i l 

i ■ i • ] r i -i nt. i"'. i . r thi i " • 

ill 



I .' 1 .1 



*» 

i III I 1 ■ 
' ...... <tl I . I I III* I )li . • 

IliAl i] I .i i " i K« |.h - [jful vi Ki •< 
ii.(S in* I nllii ill iii * i i | |i iHft* i bill 
Kill's , r |ii-i] a ■it: < "' i"' MH " 

"■'I IIiiti | |i- | il ■ ■' i .i"lr- nt till 

Ml .,„• 

I Ii it ill .ins [it i wiii 'ii »UI! . 
"' ' I'm . . j ,,n\ I, ii, I « ]]• ■ fi |i ;:i.il" 
i >>i j>, i i!i ,n iii.il n'i \ ii i i> i t.i 

i' 1 "^ itch female hhslj I* 

Hi : ' I.iIm u i>| [in ill tail m i! -' i \ h 
Uti ' m linn, ii \ ammini ill C0llt{><-t)*a 
' ■"" [mid in. ill empt&yt'N foi iik* 1 

Any | km son, firm, i*or|R initkiti. 
''■ pufoJii board violating tht pro 
V| '' u "I * 1 1 i-, .\i t pfwitl, ii|i"ii COM 

Vl : • 11 thereof, in- fined in any ^mi 
h tli. in j i > n i tn H im 'i >■ than 
■Sfoo tor en Ii s.u h oilnn < " 



■ 

II ■ 
■ 



ij. i rti 



. II 
■ i- 1 . n i 



• j , • i f i% our < 
I i „ I n • n i- 



t i v i ■ |» r« f I 

i 



| 

i . 

| i . « • 1 I I . . I I , I I I I .. I' ' H I'"* ■hi 

.f. 1 

.1. ... 

I • 4 I I •■ Il ' ' | • I I " ft • ' II 

, , lj| . . , . I I ' ' ii , * | I, f ... 1 . Ii 

I 



, ii I. miiifi 



I * w:M 1 

I \ - l M 1 1 1 \ - i ' 

i i IHlW 



l i . \ i M.u kksini i-i i i • 1 cnf t. Ik 

, ||, M ill W itli the H"i- " tiink 

i . , 1 1 , tn 4 ini'h'i-./' t'-.u "ilu man 
v, ii || iiu- hi.i ' t\ ,i> not the Atiw i i 
i ,in u "i i. n in in \i • '.itc ■ * I he 

AuK-in hi uuikni.in, 1 In- - lift, 
|cnuu i niori < A lb< w.« wl prohtetn-fi 
ni tin il.iy i l»an '!'» 'Ii' law M»ak< ra .it 
Wattl.irtgton-" He 
him. Iml men Ij MH!trt r i " Matt wiih 
,],,. ||, i. ,•' nlui ivaa tli' I' -ult <>t 
yrni-i.iti"!)- of (IrwU^ery ami ncH "t 
jghoi , tm lal»rt i«i eJevaiing awl 
noble, while drwdgerj w ili'iM-ir.t: 
.mil r\ il. 



Other Tools are very good Tools, but— 

YANKEE" TOOLS are better. 




" Yankee " ratchet hcrew driver, n.». in. 

Si«- 2. S, I, », (V H 10. U inches 




••TANK EE" RATCHET STREW DRIVER, R<k IS. 

Slim blHilr. wilh finger lurn, for li K ht work. Siieii J 8, I 5 inclie-i. 



« YANKEE » SPIRAL* RATCHET HCREW DRIVER, No, 20. 

Drives « rt -w» in bj pu-hlnit hanole, or by rtichel mOTenirnl. M»de la three sites. 






•'YANKEE" SPIRAL-RATCHET SCREW DRIVER No. :t0. 



Iirnes. cr Ukei out icrew- (.v pii«hlti|t on hmirlle, or hy ratchet movtm'fil, Can be useit as 
rigid screw dH»*r at any part of ita length. 




"YANKEE" MX'IPROCATINf. DRILL, No. SO. 

Vat drillini metala and all kinds of woorla. Churk will ho-d drills 3-lfi inch dfaUMtn or lena. 



«i 



4 



m 




"YANKEE" AUTOMATIC DRILL. 

m taring wool far setting acrews, brads nal!», etc., can be used in hard _or soft wood wilh- 
oat splitting Hu.hmg on isnrtle r^rol»es drill F.^ch drill has I <lnU 
points in magazine insnje han'lle aa shown in cut below. 

SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS IN 
TOOLS AND HARDWARE. 




Insist on " YANKEE " TOOLS 

IF YOU WANT THE BEST AND AT A REASONABLE PRICE. 
Ii script l»e CircnUra will be a«ul (:» e '•> M irufi ;u - tr>j 

NORTH BROS. MFG. CO., - PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



he Jones Umbrella "Roon 





Fits anyj 
Frame 




Put on in 
One minute. 

No Sewing* 



COVER YOUR WN UMBRELLA 

Don't throw away your old one— make it new foi |i .««. 
Recovering only takes one minute. No sewing. A clumsy 
man can do it as well as a clever woman. 

T rk ^.f r*-^.«. T«!nl Semi n>' $1 and we will inftll jou, PRE* 

len Days rree I rial paid, • u«t<m twiiw *hk w-in^ 

J •• *^j..^..i.i^ K*»of" cstS-lsehi *l. 2u; 

:tO-hi< li. *t.-'»lh. If tin*" RimiI" ii nut nil ymi expwlt'd, or Imped Tor, returu 
AT OCR EXPENSE and get jmir mimey biu k bjrpturn mail-wo i|uesll«n^ a-sked. 

WHAT TO DO. -TaVeti.e measn;- (in in. lie^lof viir old iimtir-ll« CW« the number of 
outaid* .ibs StKiBifilie centre roil Is ol steel or woo.1 Fait ,-tim turns far ^"M^" 1 .^ 
rctveT will be aeut with all ordei^. Our special price list ..( .Iirlerrnl auei amt qualllica mailed 

" "Xn!j tor our ftte bunk " I'mbrella Konomy 1 anyway. Your umbirlla wilt wear out 
some day sn l you will l e K lid thai yon know alioiil 

THE JONES-MULLEN CO., 396*398 Broadway, New York 



"Stem pel" 
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty. 
Quickness and P ower In Action 

Tctted to 400 Pounds and Fully Warranted 
Approved by Philadelphia Fire Underwriters Association 



USED BY 



MASTER HDiLDKRS' RJtCIIANCR. 
UNITKIt HAS IMl'KOVKMHNT CO. 
1 KOVIDKNT 1,1 KK AND TRUST CO 
KOtTtTARLS TRUST CO. 
I-MIIN TRACTION CO, 
JOHN WANAMAKKR. 
PENNSYLVANIA R K. CO. 



ACADEMY 1 if t'IN'H ARTS. 

KNK'aitH B< 'i KKB ICR CO. 

PRNCOYU 1K'>> WORKS. 

AMRRICAN rtftLHV CO. 

f . I i ,|. 1 . 1 v CKl'SMIN co 

WltST l'uil.At'1 M'HiA BTOte. fAROB. 

lilKAHU COLLKCK. 



H. R. BENNETT 

1217 Filbert Street PHILADELPHIA. PA. 



12 



THE CARPENTER. 




This Department open lor criticism and 
i us ■ cspi indencc troni o.ir reader* on met harm. jI 
s.ib.iecis in Jjrpcntry. fttld mens .is tu Cr.rt 
. i jart/uti . 'i 

Writ* on one s.d:- i«l Ibe papei only All 

... t.cll » shi: lll.l be >. 

M.ittr: n r this Dcp.iTtmrtit IflUVt b* in 
.irtice by the - s** 1 " ! thr month 

Steel Square; Question. 



From Railway Journal, V Y 

Where can I procure the No. i ■ • 
■vquan mentioned so favorably in 
Hodgson's !i u>k on 'The Steel 
Square and Its I'm - - Are there 
no other sice! s piares as good as the 

Nil. ion? 

Panel Doors 

From A. McW'.itt, Newburg: 

Are panel doors put together with 
dowels ,is good and as durable, as 
door* put together heith mortise and 
tenon 



Laying Down Valleys. 

Krom Um. Kant, Pittsburg : 

In putting in Valleys, is it bettel 

that thr metal should be in one 
U ngth, or laid in with good laps. i« 
short pieces ? I should be pleased 
to have some brother chip discuss 
the question. 



Ovul Windows. 

From Jack Plane, Altoona 
I want a design for an oval win 

dow about i foot. S inches, wide by 

feet long, for a frame housr, 
colonial style, Will some of out 
clever brethn n publish one? 

About Shingles. 

From Pete I >oug)asn : 
VVhai is supposed tobe the actual 
"sions of .4 shingle, and hon 
many does it really take to lay to 
feet square on a roof f 

Plan of Small House. 

I ruiu W, T, C. , Kansas City, 

Will some of the readers »ubinii 
to the Carpeni i u the plan of a 
three room house to be one su,r\ 
and a half, built mi the city suburbs, 

and cost of material and labor, out 
side of the carpenter work, not to 
exceed (300.00. 



A Speedy Answer Wanted. 

From John R 

Wanted — A quick method of find- 
ing the curve and length of a hip 
rafter of a veranda having a slightly 
COttCAVe roof? 1 should lie much 
ubligcd for a quick answer. 

How to Lay Out a Veneer. 

From J. W. 

Perhaps Mr. Wood, Mr. Hodgson, 
of some other reader would tell ine 
how to lay out a veneer to bend 
around an arched doorway when the 
jambs aie set in the wall on a flare? 
Thedoorhead is " built-up " oi" seg 
ments, and J want to cover the joints 



with a thin veneer, Fnc dotu is 3 
ii-ei wide, and the flare is 4 inches 

in a wall about o indies thick 
I'he head is just a semi circle, V 
answer, with sketch, will oblige. 



Ham Framing. 

Kn in 1 >M Franiei . 

1, N . w oi Trenton N. J . . ^ska 
■ question or rather •> numbei 01 

questions, thai have I" en .isked in 
some form or other many, many 
(inns, and with the permission of 
Uro Mei auin I will trv and answer 



told. The intermediate bents may (11 
he ii.mii d and turned like 1 ig. 3i 
:hc\ ma; have thrnVrs framed into 
them as' at e, v. Km 8, a« cording 
:,. ill ,t i> wanted Fh* manure 
drop, 1- a channel m ule by 1 utttng 
the joists .(\i' s inches, and tin 
jtuji th< channel with suitable ma 
tcrial rhese skefo hes are all draw n 
to scale, so that the dimcntw iM may 

easily he taken ir tin m a-, the 

neasuremeuts 01 ends- and side* an 
rnarkt d on theni. l! it v \ w not fot 
taking up t»»o mu< h space, 1 would 



hi pleased to 
h irdw ire, 1 l< 



•\ bit] 1 >*. in.itn lal 




.1 lew tij th< :n uii : iiiw tl.t ; ilai 
asked for, if I do not take up to* 1 
much space. Fig. t, shows tin- plan 
ul the bam with tin lay-< ut .ill com 
jiiete F'c 2, .-';i.'.vs training on ex 











1 i 




c 










/ \ 












f 


i k 




z 



livMytn For a IihiI Chest 

I i 1 .11; I I i. ft. 

I notice among the readers of the 
1 \. i'i s 1 1 H manv names that I have 




10 



ueme ends of building. Fig. ;„ 
shows " bents" between ends. Fig, 
i -hows, method uf framing ndes 



seen m print before ami whose 
opinions ire deserving uf attention, 
mil I take this opportunity oi auk- 



's 



a 



/ 



T 



\7 



ZZJ2 




I am about to hi ikf* ■ ,,[.,) 1 w 

II to be 1 up to date," iherefoft 
.my 1 eadet that ha - a sugip -1 ! l>n ,, r 

a hint In ' illei i >n the ,i! , , , ; .j 

will be apprei iau-d by tuj ant j 1 
.mi . ■ rtaiu a ill be intervsui . ; tnothei 
readei "Iti.' < " \i; i'i \ 1 1 1 

Saw Filing. 

I ruin K N K. I kwei 
! have In en tiling m\ 

linn with the pn ut «»i ihr f|j e 

\ ,1 t\s the handle, but h.i\ >• tin bjjiIi 
hi eu trdd Im a lir»t ilasj ,\. 1 1cm, (II 
•hat tin- is ,,11 -a rmiy , .1:,. I tti ir : 





sbi mid ii < my Ma with 1 w 
ot tie file toward* the point -I tin 
m'.i'. 1 w Uh iii\ fell tu ; 1 nitts 
would tell rm- 1! I ..m la t right :;. 
filing u ith 1 • im 1. 1 h mdle 

Oil Stones, 



I ii 'in I'oni K 

I ha 1 . • In 11. ifing 1 i > j * - ui 
stone for nearly > v< .ars and it ' i* ut 
down si > thin that I must 1 ai ■ I ■■• 1 
si, .in- bcfi ire |i >ng I ha\ ea rui • : 
ol slips oi W.i ihita st »nc, and 1 
m .irk very well. 1 1 1 Washita 1 nei 
give as good satisfai tion as th- -lit'* 
do? I am told there are s<»me ■ ■ m 

[MKtltidn -lones in the ru n k' ' that 

work ver\ well, lm| I cannot see how 
.1 composition atfair can be as t^od 
as an original st,, n »- Will readt r> 
who have tried the comp sitiow 
sharpeners and uthi r oil *i ■ : ■ - 
please give fheii i-xfierjen' <• I aw 



7^ 




It will be seen there «re five iBter. in x thete gentlemen lu uubHih a ■ . .. .,, ^ 

medufb*.*, ■nJ. 1 ng«venb.nt,,ll d, s l B „ l ul [ fimt-diu. t <* S^^SXtf^" 



THE CARPENTER. 



13 



Jtting tin- initp--' :t|i u ill |,c||, m .- 



, ,,|r ki I " li. Sfl 111..! tn.dr-j (ally 

M l nM I ■ < .it i'r to Rl'l<N t t ])<• 

, . , , |it,Vtn< 'I [ w n*\ ft*llo« 

I |, v (hi s , i How Can the length be Obtained? 

J t | , |h*< n-h lli<- pAgC* "* "iir 



I 



i k t] ( . result* "i ihtrn 
- 

>tune l*tisf lif.-id. 



I mill I< M> | 

I ll IW 1 1 . Ill t|CC .1 I IHIl) U tlM.l^f 

which i~ •<. In- cv.. t'-i ! in the . |< ,i: 
initfJe, .i- slum ii in i '.(• t< li 
].. , :; , ,, . k. I atmfen, \* I. I find t| 1;) t «>hm I ut th* 

II,,, , sk.-i li .t eU'vjftiofi an»i hmpip !«,Mf «js jfrtifi tl«* jdan tVi »n 
, T.'i.* j'i"*i 1 • el [ fi m1*l 

■ ■ , • tfl .'A t>. .« 1 1 I til li.'' .t p ill' i n 

... ,. ■ .;>, 1 1 . i ' !n l.< .u i . fhaJ I P8i 
c ,j i . t Ighi lino* evwi tn get it • m 

I ■ i;r\> .1 \\t\f I V 1 /'. I • 






■ ,ti':k. tlt«*rt- Mil! <i»- ' vi.t s»j»i. •! 

• ■ i.<-.i.i- »' lilt i t .) | ' ii 

■ • . - ■ . i-;< \ jtion H"i • u\i ' i ■ ' 

>.ngl t t< . i m.iv t, ki tl' - 



I Simple Inquiry \n>«. d. 

! miii > I . V . I';. .1.1.. ij'i> .i 

\ ii^lii ..i left hand httng d»w 
lepends somewhat <>n which ikI? •'■ 
the door vou inc. in A richl hsn*1 
h«nj <i<j»>i" i- getn'MUy i .i''"t hung 
on the ttlge i" j'oui Hjrhi hmI open* 
•I' 'ii vnn. i. it tin- .114. mi may hi 1 
:■' i-i .I bj the larks ii;.! hing« - 
madi M-" . ■! Til. it) DM tal i< W ' i|i! 
. which i- taken from !*tr<»Hingri 

A t*0 - f,,, ,| 1 „ ., ,1; , u i . . I T r\ 

itn hah:. 



["//// //yj 

EwfVM OS 

h ... >ih<ii ' 1 1 . i the ' M-!tl>* 1 Inn ran 
1 by nut .i gkefch frum .\hi. Ii i ran 
•^t'l thr 'A.i< i length i >i th« hi 

in. ,!■]- Will ! f, 'l ' 



Describing Semi -Circle. 

hruoi 1 'in.. K • i , ' /. i iiaiitowfl 

W R K. .in ijc-rri'ir ,i semi' 
ir. ]i- with tl>«* s!<*«*l S((iiare, :i he 
a ill look -it the littliC -k> t. h \ ig | 
M*od herewith the t w . 




■ 

/ in.! ' '. sin im ill. diameter 

I'ni i two n. u]s i- -hum;, then 
6wing he heel of the w}uar< . keep- 
inu til. timgtic and hlado prcsssed 
against tin nails, then X *M1 de 
rii if 1 1 ' iri h* 




1 




7 




plain nh.it i» meant by a ri(fhi m 
Wt hand hung 'l<>.. r . 



Cutting A Mitre-Cup. 

Prom i. \v. < ,. 

is there any rule for cutting n 
tnitre-cap t<> fit a handrail? The 
,:, ' l l» will. r,t course, sit on the lower 
newcUpost, and the rail is a u>.. ! 
Dank r.iil with ogee moulding* on tne 
^g**, ami the mitre-cap m turned 

with tlic same mouldings on its tiin, 
ai) d is made the same thickness. A 
diagram showing tin- method of 



4 



Which is the IWst Method ? 

Krom |. W. (i. 

In connection with cutting a mitre 
rap, ! should like to know of a quirk 

method of laying out a mitre-box. 
also the licit way of making a nntr- - 
ltu\ and a shooting-hoard for trim 
niing mi t res. Perhaps some one w ho 
knows will enlighten me. if I am 

not considered presumptive by ask 

ing mi much. I am Mire there art 

many young workmen beside my 
self, who will be glad t<> see the* 
questions answered fully. 



XL- ^ 

^ Besides tools for the workshop, Files of all ^ 

£r standard makes, Saws for wood and metal, 3 

^ Hammers for the blacksmith, Hatchets for ^ 

E: the carpenter, we have many labor saving f§ 

^ appliances for family use. 



I 



See our Food Chopper 
It cuts Meat and Vegetables 

ALL TOOLS OP THE BEST QUALITY AT FAIR PRICES 

W. H. & Q. W. ALLEN | 

115 Market Street Philadelphia 3 

Its ■iHfilfl nVMi til ■ " WWW www www www www www vsvvvv nifwrvn www *Ww*»»w»*» wr 



s 



5 



f4 



[^ ick it out! 



If your furnace is unsatisfactory 
"why worry?" Have one put 
in that is guaranteed to give 
satisfaction. The 

ACTIVE FORTUNE m* 

SPECIALTY FURNACES 

Give GREAT HEAT and require 
LESS FUEL 

than any other mnkt-s They 
tjurti I'ea Coal, also other k'odi 
of cual, and all its gases, and are 
the mcst economical for tht- 
housekeeper. There are thou- 
sands in use in Philadelphia 
homes They are sold by 
dealcis generally and may he 
seen in operation at ti:e 
Builders' Exchange, 18 S. Jth St. 

Stn < y : us name to the makers 

Thomas, Roberts, Stevenson Co , K^'ft"'" 

ButiTaio. N. T. 




For Illustrated Booklet. 



' ^a^a»a — ■ i ■ r ■ i ■ i 

Price List of the Bailey's Pure Rye 

Brown Label - - - $ .75 
Black " ... 

Green u ... 1.25 

YbUdw 11 - 1,50 

White " - 1.75 

Ferfectian (12 years old) - 2 00 

ENDORSED BY ALL PHYSICIANS 
OF PHILADELPHIA 

Huey & Christ 

1209 Market Street 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 




Baileys 




Tools for Woodworkers 



We carry a full line of 
first-class tools, of the 
standard makes, at fair 
prices. 



/y\ cFadden (^ ompany 
733 Arch Street Philadelphia 



14 



THE CARPENTER. 



'litres ;md What Determines 
Them. 

\:\ \. w . \\ i .1 ii is 

In former numbers ol The 
Cattr/EN 1 1 B \u have i\ r i t ♦ -. n on the 
subject oi mitre* Isttl as thai has 
l>ceu sni;ii time ago, and .is the 
paper has been gradually reaching 
out intn new lieltls and new hands 
we feci that the old readers will par 
rlort us for threshing old straw, how- 
ever we didn't !4«'t all pj the grain at 



tongue is the standard to wurk fn m 
as will be seen by the accompanying 
illustrations. 

We have chosen t!if pen* io 

illustrating purposes, lmt 1 1 1 * • readci 
must understand thai the formula 
applies to .ill polygons. 

Trie mures of the pentagon st mil 
.it -2 with each mill r .i* 
shown in I ijg, i , and is found In 
dividing by thenumWi oi side* 
in the pentagon, hm the angle whi n 
applied to the square to obtain the 
mitre is only one h.ilf of -j oi 




the iirst threshing and by presenting 
the subject with new illustrations we 
hope to make it sufficiently intei'i-st- 

ing to he again worthy of space in 
these columns. 

Many carpenters while aware that 
certain figures taken on the tOOgue 



and intersects the blade at a j ! inches. 

By squaring up from 6 on the 
tony ne intersecting the degree lineal 
A defines the centre for eithei 
inscribed or circumscrihed diamet- :. 
The radius being A H, and A ( '. 
respectively- 




I I >V idlll '"I rl ptllJi 

(he ( lis* 1 1 tftiftn til 
.! iti ol ill n u fii s , i 



: ■ ill.- • 

s!iown ni 1 i.' [hi ' 1 ,;M ' 

on t lie i h a 1 1 1 ■' 1 " 
the [on«n< ts n stvng .it i p» til hi man h v the i Knuati 
i.nr wit:, ■ : 'h. . ie . ■ «'«d,.i..i-. d. i lare • 

fl rt - I -> i die l.i 1 "i 'I di me.t un 

i.iT' ot In i i" 'h ir,s «M ■ ' ' v 1 

rrSaugli . so ao fji lh *aj}*n 
n I Hi pfeKMi 5 ' 1 ■' "' 1 
Non.i^on . | I " i '-'oil ; I ifi ' 



.. i; t 

I , , i ., 



i > iv i s 1 1 j : r'j hours * 
' ' ' tl ' 



i jgtill : i ' I ' : ' ' ' 



I Ik \ I . of I Com en t ion, 



\ t oi < oi -i, - 1 |»r,,vli 

U«i i ij i ifii a ,,t '::■•-* n ii , 
t t t he tl i 

Prim lii'!' lain 



dent \ i 1 he ■ .■:■> ui im Pa> ni' 

, oast, 

Ifarrr-ttng tie I \> • I IT ■ Co - 
tot-all i ■ ' ii' "' ■ ! paintei - d< 
. ir.vti 'i - and pap< i luu g< i ? ■ ■• thi 
1 'm!>-ti Stati - and C n 1 1 w ihn 
six month- ;or tin pttrj "t fortti 
jng .in intern ititin^l mi'on ■ . ! < 

know n .is the ' liiot i r'.o ] ,.! >.■, ,.||, , 

I'a i >, i ■ ■ and I ti i (WUtorS ■ * [ r , 

America." and pr*r\ khne h eviitil s, , 

ot the t'onnation l4 sn '. IJIUOK b '■ 

ill- tt \o. ,U injf "! tii> • (Htitly 

l'h irt*T d \iw I 'ainti i - >i I I i a ■ 
i.. ; t 



ii 



1 ■ t ■ " 1 'i i ■ , i oi mil i r 
Inu if tin l • i»'d sitai . 

■ .... \ 
I ■■ ' ■ - ■ \ rni , . - nd 

i 

i,« n| • • •!!;..! .on o • (H| 



! . ' i'i»ji 



i 1 1 WW \ 



to; I '< l it « as If : !e , t -n 

pi i it he chartei ui lite i I iltim' >i 
Ka« tion w ithin i hit 1 1 ' r. • ui a»1 
•oii! :'.!:ii nt, penj iin.; tbi result ul I 
1 1 inv eiitti ai " >! j taintei >, 

I'f testing again-: t! ■ i ut:.!> \ mi I 
1 1| y e. ei nmtMit emjihij ■ - n "Hiipi 
dtii m with ■ n 3i ni«, 

f"Vvojring thv i Ie* ti in oi I'r - d««m 
and • nited Stafa ■ Si n iti rsb) >t •.< > t 
vote, and I'hr* holding of . '. • . .:. 
two months pi i" 't so the upening 

* 'tm^i 

PrOt^ting again t tie »; ni < I 
teasing n«n\uets HUH pre> ileivi i| 
certain S .nth- m s{ c< . at. ; : ;• \ 1 
log t' rl i' filiation t" | \, \ ], < || . 
same. 

i >|i[ rising tbi passage ■:•!.• .mt; 
ji alping hill. 

Pledging the \ : etU return to «rmj 
for lit" parage o) a national i lm t' : 

tlic I' dii lion Ol tli' ! is i i lalnu 

Reeotnniending thai the various 

• cnti.il and loi a] bodii - ui lab >i in 
the I 'n»t« "I States I ak< o m to n 



[tin ti 

-!. I . • ih* I'l.ii h 

nibting ' ■ 
ii. 1 -mW.i1 ■ 

linn U) Iter ih' Mtst Mi iy/i 

!»i.i i - 
■ 

iii> s» \ ' :ii ! , - i i . 

III!,.' ' \ t||< I - • 1 14 • 

ta I. | •• ,1, lig !• 

1 on 1 ' ■■ m • ■ .i 



1 1 



Vltfl ■ AI '.■•<; iti 

tic unit 11 



Him. 



' I ■»! 



I 



ttt 



litem 1 1 t.' ii • \\ hi limy 

'I h> . nttoi i ti ih 

I ig ht 1 1 1 -ii • m.iih 

t|vi la; ition oi it - j . i i*,o 

• |tW>fttl< 'ti ,!iij iC| i||j 

It It .ri. 1 lit. ' f . t ; - . ■. .1 ■ i ;J, 

•' thi 1 : .0 1. > i rtfafi t, <-,\ ,1 : 

1 le Ninth .'t"l U>»i 'iav s 

■ tii's 1 ' i thi u ih'i'tnin ■ 



Oh 



•« Hi' oi I H l- « A u Kfi \ 1 I 1 

ilal mi "i tin Strt'd kail • 



their i'.ilio:, nn iudi j'f iitleni lim as 
.enunciated in ti,. declaration m "•' *'«h«nu f>pp. oti 1 »' 

principles of th- Ameruati 1 .■».,, l^'^d m ... t hi. 

tint) o: L.il oi 

Providing foi thi iending nl a rep 

re.sent.uive to th. n-M convention ol * W " ! "' M " 1 ' 

die varioua railroad men's /irganfea "' - ! "•' ' ' ' u " 

tions with a \ iew to securing tin it ' '' 

aniliation. I'f" W < i t I .< m j tfh «ra» tll-l '' 11 

Renewing the charges again 1 ' rreHpowl with fht ••" • ' 

Claude M. lohiison, Director oi tin I il".i Organizations in <e - "v. 

United States Bureau ol Rngraving 1 1 11 ' ■ I'comark ami nth' 
and Priming and urging his retno, at '""'"rie.s and invite th 1 

and in event of failure in this -t.-p. ' " ' ffatwial delegates ' ' ■" 

demanding a Congressional impiiry ' ' M * v|!n tion ol 1900. 

into the 1 ase. 



Ait. 1 farewell addi • * 



Opposing subsidies for tin inei tcrnal delegates i\ asiaill and \* 



Fig. 2. 

ami blnde of the square defines 
certain angles, are at a loss to explain 
why they produce corn ct results. 

The system we use is the full scale 
to the fuot, and 12 taken on the 



The reader will notice that the 
length of the sides are x ]| inches 
to the loot, [f the inscribed 
diameter he 6 feet then the sides 
would he 6 ,\ 8 y.\ inches. 



chani marine 
Condemning the Wardnci I Idaho 



and President ( iompTI Si -II I 

Mi < mire, the assembled d*l ; ' 1 



'Bull- Pen" outrages and instruct twined in the strains oi "Aul'i I " 
>ng the Kxecuttve Council to ntakc Syne' 1 and thus cotuaunVd 
a lull investigation and ydmx the hingol and nittst Imm^t" "- ' "" 
resjionsihilitv where it properly mention of the AmeWSlfc 3 ! ■ i' 11 
belongs. ' ,ofLabory ''^ 



THE CARPENTER. 



15 



i 'i i > 



„ ..t the (icneral Hxecu 
live Board. 



i'. in- 1 



• i. v t .1 1 
I'd ii 

i 

■ 

■ 



x I V h- ..' I i In.,,.,. 



t I I I. I/I .H. I 



I ' II 



■ ■ 



1 .'ii 
■ 



, | ... 
i 



. ..i ii it): ii, ., 

I ! . I. I I- -..-I . I 

i 

i . 

■ 

■■ > i,' i ii uy » nfc 



I i 



• i i i 



,1) n«l it< i 

.,.r. , - l*|« l* 



I 

- 1 

1 ! 1 

■ I. 

1 .4 I » i ' I I -rii " • 

I 

I 

■ 

!' 41 I .1 Wtl. 



■ 

i 

■ 

i . t f.. i - T 

H. | i I 

- |. t,.| P 



i »i 5 



North (IrOS. ■■ Yankee Toofe." 

\ j, I., n i j n\ the artwrtrtStirtii i I 

thiS Nrm 1 ' |-."' I ' 1 ' I'll < ' ' ■ l:- 
. ,|| K B ill sh" l W I'" v arirty i •! 

-' i- A cli iver* and 'liil!- m nun e turcd 
1 .i thnii !• it i!n- u«-«- ■ .1 Carpenters 

( v.i.i M ik' rs, eti i The material 
MTi'j W>rkunioship arc id sopcrmr 
ijH ilitv hi e< i ; y detail, Slid ws lbej 
art » ii] by teadjiljj dealers ill t •< L 

.Mil 1.1! tli"-V « r.l-ily hr 

!,t iii 1 1] hy skilled mechanii -. w 1 1 > • 

.t'.w.ivs need i m «l ' !.i-i t' " >1 t" W'>rl: 
wnh. 

All Rati f»ei S< rev* 1 Stivers here- 
t i| re ni.i'h- p< isscsji < >»e \< ry scrt' »»S 

■ !i m'lnj k in practical DSC --that the 

■ : . • ;■ ■■ ratchet met h.ni-ni i- so 
•i. .i t!i it utiles*, tin >' rew i- made 




&C*lttt t r Tilt CM'itMH". 

ALABAMA. 

I ,i ii, - 1 m ■.. 'i. M, I 'Hit, llrlirlilfti 

llmM iniiioi K I I ri-.-l i , r.i-l I • irili .imv 
.•• Sum ii itir vr. u 01, I. I.. Waltoahaupt, 

I ' u/>. 
j;l i , \i. i I I . Mftttoaj 
••M 1 .%■[ i W |l "lllllb 

ij>i M«t\ i.nMi.Hi I J. na HwiiBwii «i. 

.,, j M l.i-«i- ilil .1. Iit 

-nf, .1 

-i m.iiimi: M w.i.t.r, ISO Chatham »t. 

i .,i w. 1 1 U tm r<i. I.aiih m 

H<i' i \u i n! I II. IIiitjiiOiI 



i . 
-.: 



1.IJ. 
!-• . 
:.' 

I 5 



I ! _ I . 



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i mi 
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l't • Ua hi Xfvkr » i H »l .i i ■ 1 

i , r i ■ i. . ..ii •■■ t.. » 1 . " I i ■ tin .ii . i 
HI»| Ml I ",. B ,i 1 M |1 i ii. lili I ««- 

I s | | . |., I r , I i..... 

|)iii i - i n i .| i J ■ kllaK'n i \ * •• 

I . i |i ... i 1 1 . 1 . i i ii j ft H'WUbtf ftWM 

i ... - . , . iti i 1 . t- tf ■ i pvlntlv 

, •. . . ,i ■ i. ... r i | i | i.i|l I 



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I. . I. .•!.»' 



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l|M> Ui'i M I . 1 Iii 



1 ■ 1 .-in ' 11 1 i* N u v 
th,.i ... , irji ^ til 

ii r-. r il In < !■ 

v. . it*< ml u»oi 
,.1 1 . lb 1 1 1 

I ,, ,. 1! ,i.| lu . Iltt 
v - 1, 1 '• In I ItW 

j .,,*■. . I.I I . a l|| • ''I 



p* Hi' I 



■ I !- 

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Hlf . ■•> 

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3, .. • 11.' 



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1 , 11.. 1 iaiiu»ij 
1 .... it 11 1 mi 

H II 11 * i* 1. III* 
Of itiit m i" bi ulK.ll IW 1. ■ 

Hull. ! • I ■ « 1 1 1 1 II ' - 

I In |l.. il l .1 |) II ',. I ill H 

,\| t|| 1 I .ml 



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A 1 '1 •! 



I Mi Li h i , 



Sam. L l-«fll»ngwell <>i Inili.m 
apohs, |nd M Typogfaphii al I won, 
No. i, is a candidate for Uit- i>oattion 



1 HIM. .,.|ii... . 111 wt<|j j ■ |< 
' . 1 on II xi • 

v ■ MMiinMiiuii " w •• 1 fi 111 x '> Kul'li 
tim ».-. ,,( a, ,,„.,!. 1 VV-. nn ifl 1 1> I M m 

I»»H»tl ll. ll ■ |,l ,1,,. |^ III '.I' I" ■"■< h< 

lllaoil "It- 11 1 .iinii^ 1. -nil ii TM ' I H 

it" 1I1 1 in .. ),. 1 ; t ri |.n »m(»ll" « 1 1" wuw i" 
■I 1 'I ti} Hi. 1 1 I • 1 uti r ..n 

III ■ mu ■ 1 *iiii iii. 11. 1 f tin K I' . 11 

* 1 • 1 1. 1 11. i' iiit- ■ iim mii . 1, ni ii - 11 i,*u 

' lit, Will/ 111 1 Mild ' itwdH 'I fMtS 

1 .' " I 'n In \».» \ .11 It mi III. » 1 -»l tl. III. I' I 
Hi ■■ 1 Mul Wiiii.i n~ «in »wwl I > 1 1 

i«i < u> 1 ,i,i.,y „,,m,i.'ii. U.S., ,1, 1. ii.-Mii ol vice-President tM the inter- 

"" 1 1 * a "r. 1.1/.1 in imii ■ i'j 11ati11t1.il Tytwuraphical Union. 

i ' " r. 1 inu '•( .1.' Mm > , *'■< t Vi 1 1 ;l 

IWl itgtntiM Pm Mi. mi' ill .ml iii.niiN « ■ 1 1- ri-ii I. 

I •l'"« «"'i.| n in k iIiii.i .ui.| quit* Mil :i WIlltHi I" 

"" 'iilii r.l,i| I,. I |L 

1 KOINttninttfoBI I lnii'iK iillu'i" nf III' 

' 1 ry , .■-|,.-. i,,n> MM M l . »•■ ii| , i ' 1 ;il i \ • ■ In 

"" • i i'i".iiiinii mi DfofgauUaf* ii" ii i " ''- 
"•"• i i<i ii,.- 1. > .| „|„| (j p 

I I" ;unlll nf Hi. | kn * ■>: I'linillli ll'i 'l llll'l 'M i .- 

I" "' "W I«Iuh« .,| Ik iviwlinn • - - 



There are many reasons why Mr. 
l.ritniL'wrll shoukl be tendered tin- 



tl..- i itchet ScrfV > lri \ • r tun— the 

«< u".\ .iit iii it- backward m 'vei at 
,i I i-t .i- it is driven i I iy the i twartj 
in vemcitl "1 tin* ilrivrr. 'I he 
- n Mr • simply turned in and "i»t — 
m.i ju, jr» -> made ill .•.-tti..- i'i t «;s 

plai ti, The ' • ' 1 *tvi r in*r««1 
• .t retnainiti . (t rett durinji t!-.-- 1 ai k 
u . i r . 1 m< \ fcmi ivt i s ' arrii d i>n< k by 
iii' i-xcL'Akive iri< ti"n r>t ratchet and 
y.v.\ !-, and the screVi » ith it, 
(■-- the screw is tir-t driven tight 
'•• ,._h in tin w -"ii i ' * ' 1 v 1 1 -balance 

»i ii ti' '. 

M. lsi rati het I >ri . < r- are tpiite 
,-\ ji! t hi ir ■ peratji h . unhand} 
b hai & fr*»«i ri-ht t k it : made 
i' a o^uite limited ranye«n wjwsand 
t. i ■ hi-h in ] • i ice t i make them \>- \>- 
iihtr, The " Vankee " ratchet 
privet ■ verc'imcs all these faults. 
The fricti"ii in r.H-het meclwiusm is 
- slit In is ti. he hardly felt. The 
haekwar<] miivement i- m easj it* 

in a ii i! 1 ' >ti htu illder ' ' and just 

as ii* liselewi. Whin a screw is 
&crewvd in it stayn where put and w 

:n t Screwed "'it when the handle is 
turned nit. The CnnstTUCttnll •» 

ratciiet i "l pawls is su, h that neither 
can bend "i" break, wear nr '^tt "in 
i .f . irder, and permitii a \ ery 1 1 int« 
pm t arrangement, making the t*»»l 
more e*»ovcnient in side and shape* 
"i les- weight ami the making 
i ii sin. till i mijees • i t' M 'Is than have 
bereft 't.n l teen made. 

The adjustment t> r ri^ht i a li tt 
hand is exceedingly simple. l*nt 
riftht hand| «»r t" rsitchct •> screw in, 
push the slide in end .•! slot Uiwanls 

I iit . I< 'i left hand i a t> i rati hrt tin 
SCrcW u'. push tin slide Utward* 
the handle "I the driver. Il the 
slide is placed midway between the 

euds "f the >>l"t, the blade is held 

ri'^i<ll\' and the driver ran he used 

as an ordinary sccett driver with 
Itxed blade. 

< ai |M uters and J.iincrs wlm desire 



ARKANSAS. 

\n ii n l(«nl«< 

hi * y : | , | | I I ■ r l I'll. IT, 

CALIFORNIA. 

Al AMI., i ' M l lira:..-. ..'" • il ■■' '. v ' 

\j„ As.. i I i - I C. Win-. I. r, . .. I I. mm. I 

-I' I . 1 ml ■ :.i tt Till "i. 
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-\> |i>,si'-. . - i r. lui . I !n>l 1 inti'il, 

Win .i i. i i so *' 
N, 1. Waiiilc i. I l-i ■ M -«-"i' ■' Wt II. 
U ., i.. M i.ari ii . l -i.- 

i L i. 1 1. , i In • \ .: '. 1 :i Ii -'. 

Mill .' 1 . I lit'* Ml llttoi-an -i 
i... i*uy l.j|lii'.|i, '1 M i k. i -t 

..... rliaii W llarkiiM, •-' . S'«t«i 

- s v I,,. | W, lUclnlunlil, and l-i..| iri -1.. 
ii'.j. .- i s Mai mi N»i !«wlih. 
. .. it uii - i; h 

i-'i V i n I in— 1 l lu i-: lu-- .... "'7 . k Mi,- ky %x. 

CANADA. 

, |li,'ii\,.v - i,.-... Ilr 13 WlllW -I 

1 - MaMII.TI>> 'A' ,1. I iw - N .-"i. "I. 

;iy KiNi'-i'**', '•'•i - 1 1 U«»l>luai>i>. ■"" I «.•»'•• i 

1:1. ,\|.isin il Ir I. I t- 1 Intl.-, 17-. >i. 
i atb< mi' . 
1: 1 1 i'"i;i Shi .dm I . M.-rri.T, 

II. I' I I I I - I ■ ' K I , ii ' 

.-. -I.I IIHIITIM- .l:.i " - Illl I.. II. Ill V »l. 
J.'H -I 'll. 'Ml- IIV1 \l .i |l M..I I- It. v -III 

?. T'W'iM'i I i I i. M. Ni ii 'I.ui r.- u»e 

il|7 V i «nl VI ll. H. I . .1 ! . I U:- lift ' a 

Kfi bird tl. 

..I. Wii.mi i- . M\ .1 Mni.nvi 1 Mi I'i'Mii.iii 

COLORADO. 

l;.. i I tl KB .|i. .Ii-thinn- I'.i .:' \\ i' • i -I. 

i , ' I . 1 1 . . . : i I " i I III I I . i ill), Ii" » ili». 

M\. 1 1 .... si i.i - \i I;. Muni, IT W I - 

X llll "I 

I llll I I I I i. I I K !*»! nf I ' ' . Ii i ■ U«iM>n 
I*. 1 1.. Illlll . Ulfl III ' , 1 "I. 

I i:|. l-i ii|.:i. W. W I. n i i It'll '. i 

. . imwiii -ii. it. w ... a., lit i uri ii -i 

|7. I miii ri vi i vi i 1 W. l;.'i I, I' H I \ 

.i. iii 1. 1 1 I'll -tin. , Hon • i ■ 

. I i i i i"-M I. I "ill. JTj'i I Illi Mi 
■ i \ i i I., fall"' r, lt.iS 1, 

CONNLCTICLT. 

|li:ii.. i i in. i HtHiu I., Kf if. ":' lark iih. 
1m i.i.i ,luii ii A. [bonis* -I., .inn, < iiiiii. 
i , ill I sn i. ii - I W II. rl'.T. 

II n iii'KD Ale*. Mi K.iv. ■ . .lull. n »t 
N i m lii;i i 1 1-- \ I. Julmwii, ll ♦ I i.ink'in 
N I v II i. in IV i.i Wil RU» i li.ii. 1 at. 

sir, i... mi..'. \ i- K.'in.-y. I Wall at, 
N" . in. ii I - I iiiin. ml-, wil r*uit»] ava 

Viii, 'i ii .. Will: in. A K.-i "at ll. % 

-i in nun i ,i i rswfiird . ■ 1 i inklln M. 
Ii.itnis.. i"\ n II li'-'linll J Ulan Itl 'li, 
fi Main »i 

W til II u I i;t .In- ! Silll'llf il'l, i~, N. Villi' 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Waaiii* i"N— 1 K u.-ii>iiii, ni. lUiMla 

l.lainl »v,. . \ \V 

FLORIDA. 

in. hi. k. & Kotartsiio, MtHaOi M* 

.■:i ,i 1 mm 1 1: i'.|.<>. I viiinii, no* W*at 

Hmi »r -1. 

vn AC M:i> v> il. - i'i. 1 'buret -i 

71 I'lv-iuii 1. J. A l.jlf. .!< . W Z»w aiiwaa. 

|uT 1 ,.1 W. A. W I- I ■- i\ wrlichl >t. 

1 1111 i I H II. ->r, . I"7 I .li.ii . - 

QEOROIA. 

\ I 1 . S I l I NI «l I VI || li'l., 11 1. I tlU 'I 

ll,... ,1 in.,, u. , 1 vi, |.,m,,. 1 

J. W. 1 m»t 1. Lloyd »i. 

-,-rr,.r.ny ni t M -I rt' I ' ..ulli ll I I.'. 
-I. ( ,li Ii- '' I i .I'I - ' 

A 1 ..I - 1 » — sr. 1. ■! an "i iMMilCI 1 ..nm ll, J 

I! -li |ili. 11., -i . I 1. >■! -1 
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W VI. |l ,1,., l i.-, v\ itkllM -1 
.1 V HU - 

( n| I Mill . I I 1.1 I I* I I 111. I' J 

vi. i dam 

Mai "ii ii.-. BftlU'ii, ..'i 1 : ■ > . -1 

" it in 1 Jnjw \. I'iii-, I M« .ii 
Rom 1 .1. 11. Ih-nsmi 

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1. 101 -n" r* 



.1 detailed knowledge. "I the 1 'tin I 
i'">1s manufactured by tins firm, 



■J* 1 " H ill I I!,' Kll.lll .,1 ll,. I... .L-. «ll»l.- 

"'""fi am) ■ .. • 1 1 . , . . 1 tiiv i-ntiru m MrJlMI 



compliment t»l this favor, (uttering shnuld address North Urns., Mfj». 

Cincinnati Typographical L'nion No* Go., Philadelphia, \%, requesting 

11 u 1. ... il,.. Jnu*. une ni tln ir descriptive i ii 

1 in July tR5o, he is ueaimg tnecjose ... ' 

■ , . , culars. which will be sent free. 

„f 1 h.,li century tn an unbroken A11 liur [ltU( . vU ^ rs (il . sent . „„. 

connection .md untarnished lidetit) , llM i^e of our members and their 

anil devotion t<> unionism. friends. 



•' no! 
V'tumatt I vi y. 

IDAHO. 

Ll WlStiiS I1.11 k M11r.11 

ILLINOIS. 

An.'S Tba* "'I'ly." " 1 1 

Hi 1 1 f \ II I 1 II IM 1 -1 1 in 
All, III .n.M I S' I ' '% - 

Mill lit. 
70. Ifiii'-n I*.-. I' mi' 
All .iiiv in- 1. " 

-.1 i'iM"i .1. « \'<H* r, I 1 v • • 11 

...7. 1 1 . I I 1 1 1 a « lili "i ' 

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Nriili' 1 ■; 1 vi .i-i. »!.. II " 

1 W ii, ,s. banll 1- ' I - s - 1 ' -' « •' . I!'" »i S. 

10 .1 11 St. l»ll« • " "' 

I ; T .1 I,. Ii, CI" H 'in ri »l 

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k ,. 1 tkelwui i'. 1 1 > 1 eajfBl l*»rl 
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ll.' I ... ll. ll |:.|n V\ I'll* I'' 

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THE CARPENTER. 



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Kjiw «iti.>\ i i r .! w it ilkim 
Kl KIN - W A. I'uili rhftl v.- Item «i 

K.V.I I II 1 1 

111-1. 1 .111' 

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I .till. I*K. i" IS J. Mi.ri;, V l.'"i I Il-I-I 

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Kl s-iv.ius I i | .1 ;'l I 

Itaih "i 

Rkwanki ' |ih> iVInqniat, ism N t Im at 

I. AM' Ki 'kK! - 1 vVlllia Biik»,.;| 

l.i mm H Jo*. Ni...iiutt, SIS T..iii.'<i 

Bl Nt "l \ .1 I tVnlk.T. 

M ifiviv J r I arl.-v, (i. \ 111 

Mattoo* Im R tloodbrake ijwr Bi Iwai 

M«| Chv 1 1 alky. 

Mum i im>- Ja* M Barn Ir, .'nil Monro* « 
l thimijpx 

MT. (lilt I -Jul, 11 Mir. Il-r 

i Utah \ .1 I' i air. Slrt 1 1, ; t „n .! 

Pkori i J ii Kb . i".' id liroHdx »*•■ 
P««i' Joaerth & bollf, Boi i « 
'.ii i n i v v w. Kuarhvr, inj. Madison m 

Kara l-i .so i.. «r liani.'i, rtOd Si h *t 

•""•tin ii m J i Hraniham, ins 

itarl« Bra Sla W . i IiIi-ak', 

-i'i;is,,i h i i, r \|. Iti4nk«>n»hi|>. n '■' . 
Jt-nVrnon -t. 

miimus- H.-rnaH Aikirmari 

Milium- K&tl, Kr*-kr. |11S - |t' , K 

i»n 91. 

VVai-kkhan J. |i>m.r.»i, Tt» Count* «t 
Win c, Armani rout 



INDIANA. 



Am, i — •> li.i.s ht 

Hi; > ii llarrr .IB 

I i wmiii -tV. A. l;-vin 
I \ i s-i i: 1 1 Sanii! -i 



I, nan. .hi lleititrll ft 

■ - • - I rank if u u 

Id-. I". ii l!nx -.'I 
irk. Kill Cm M »t 



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II ii; 1 1 ..Kl. »'u t i .en. -I ui-r 
Ki.i iNvi-.in- i.cr l: i ),»«, SC, «„,»„ 

Ml WiX'm.i-I At. 

■' F t- hia \t MarfUnil ki 

UtrAVKTTI II. K K .... I! r.ian. IMS7 i^ilom At 

Mi mos— J, M. si ui .."i !»hpittian »i 

M»h -J. K, Mai>l*j. 

Mi Hi u li. M Winn r'« ■ :.. t«»rk't II 
Nr« Ai i.im .in V«n*luk1e. rbutvh • 

*M in Bl SI W iniii,. DIa W s»uin|i 

TmitK Havii i I Hii-K.n. l«W S l"tli«t 

?ilti itsK-A. r. IVimingiun Kiuir'i Hatel 
INDIAN TKRRITORV. 

\v i,.nvni -rtniriM Alt*n 

IOWA. 

|fc«,M; — 'f. r. Metitou. IXJU Boqim - 

Hi in iMiToN-.l.ilin Brf«i«r,IMl UHawoM ai 

• iinii RxriCM— C, A I'lii. v, i',i:, - 7i i, »i 

t ..IM'II. Bl I n> 1. |V l liiiml.i.r. 
Divfm-i.ki II IV >cliwfi.|(. r , II.-7 Miiflinl 
Ins M..IM- K. W. Kesney l.vo W j HI, >i 
i.Miih j m. ruroell, mo i.hvi i.h, ,i 

In III QJ'I M. H II, .van, Ss« Til, -i 

Kurt Doout: a s. Junkiii* 

SHOO* t n v -.1 W. tVolf. 

KANSAS. 

Ai:,,i *Tl*Jt M. Mur|.|i>, B.it .il7 
l"l > T [tlrnliniitil 

K(N-vs cm i,|.|, MvMultru Mtn Mum. 

Rutldttau 
La« hksi i — W 

I.K WUV W.ill I II 
Tllf) KM \ \l 

W i- ii i i t -.1,1. 



I Ittwtlf It i.i r. i,i, at, 
-J. w. Kfi:y, l.".i i bcttnm 
II. CUudjr, nw r*k r -i 
rubx, "- l - Market ■ 



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KENTUCKY. 



I ..V i\.. ins— (' 



It' <l K I V»VI 
Liifl» VILLI 



(I 



iij K»«aa«uitli «t 
vv mil « 



.hittitig, r 

i H Kainji' 

M .IliH. Vt'.'HlOll. 

-K. S. Ili.lliinn, IT 17 litllmrbtl 

(Out ) J. ^'baAider, IBM K, J«-..ii % 
Nkui oiti -W. K. WIuk. :im, I ■.,,,,„ ,t 

LOUISIANA. 



I ' until 



KM. 
7SW. 



2H.Y 
HIT. 
!H* 



Siw i>ni.KA.n*— ><■ ri'lnrv nf MM, 
K. i. W.-i r.-r, .'.■_ , ii Jnntplihie «t. 

\IIK- [,lli|liiT){ 7M Kuiirlicr Al. 
K. fliilirk.il> ill A I'aili/ at. 

M .liiuijiiln. BUM Ht, Itijoha i?e, 

KH»KVK{S>l|1 I B Huff, flni S*| 

MAINE. 

Bath K. ' I'liiniinrr. :i7 lirummor -i 
B in II m it. .11 H < il.i r, If. ik \m, 

t.i.wi-iuv i. K Lutnbiird, '« fioff 

A iilnirii. 

H miunhii h I'. Burrtld 96 Hijmmvr ai 



MARYLAND. 



im i im. 



W, H K.'i 
M. B .srlir. 



nan, nut Awiuttb .i 
.-.I. r. smut i Kin. ,n at , 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

A i mi- Muni* 9b*rnmn, M K. Homm u 

lt,,-i.i\ -i , TP ar.tr .«f |iM CaUBclj, II. Vagei 
1a In. k. n« at,, linr 
'■ I . J. «iallR K liiT. BUt Iloai.nl aio . 
Rosminr, 

Bk...ikiim \ i W*B«P« 2«t IMnd •*< 

«'»*"i'»' •' I.. M, l-ai k. 7A Wu. liliiL;|.,n -t 

CMKlJll » A. .1. Wliil.- IVfl M. 

In. Id III -li li II K I ai„|,I.,.||, ini* |i„ r ,(„,i, r 
av,'., i ■ ■ - 1 , . 1 1 

I. B.-I..S f M n. w , ktj MtrMklli M 

Kin Bum: 1 .1 » jh,i i ,» k „, ; - i tt »i i,,,( -i 
II »\ i miiii i i ion i ki.i it. t 
1 1 1 M. ii iii ii. i wbtrity , Bui i ia, 

HtiLVdKl Jul. LtfbfMI, i i i ■ ii k 1 1 ii at 

Ml |i- is lim K KrjfBliI, Bi.i I J , 

Law ii km k Win B. Uaiutncl, Srt fmaby at 

B. N'iv p. h, raitnami, Rni l;7 

I^iwi i i l-'rank A. Knp|iliT. Mi l Hurl. am 

M4KBLIUIKAII It tl. kiin.'h !I Kim il 

Nkwi.i> v, ].. I'onrmrt, B) It u Hand a|„ 
Wmn I, -wu. \fmnn 

Niihtii aim ms— .1 ,[. Akaii, 243 lu»er ai. 

N..i(TiMiii i..v J,im.a.l hiillhan. 

I'll itriKI.I* <'h«>. Ifrdn, Ifl IknilB 'a I'licr, 

Hnxtti «v - II. M. l a/l .r. I in WdBfiAl.l «i 
linrchnalrr. 

8n. Fjiahimiimm Hugh inrni'j M ||a rP . 
fnrd at 

SPKrimPtBtJt ■iFrcurhi (*, frmi.-t, Jr. 71.', 
IJIinlj- «t 

i" j. t ni 1 1 ii*, liwaiitu it 

Wkhtciki.i. W .1. Ciiwcrti.aii.ST (Inn. at 

vronrnmia w a. itiw>b>y. licit* \> w ,„ 

iKnrBdhJ K, Gimid, a Barnard 

I VII 1 1 

MICHIGAN. 

Ai.i k.n* -It. II. Ki IIft, in', TaaaAii 
H*V I'iiy- H <;. (>«t8», SI I N, llirm-r kI. 

Dktkoii t. m iordsn. 437 BwanUr •?« 

A Ih.itk. J. -Iif.i- -i 

Ham in k -A, W. Ntapbrna 

Kai.am aoo II flfMndrba, luM N. Burk ii 

Mahikk riTt— W. L Kivirrt. boa 171 

Mi-mnisi.-A. B. Juiifi 

MUMEOOHI K. M. Stark". II Maralnill 



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M1NNE50T V 

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7 MtHSI IPiM Ia I ii- - i ■ , ■: - mt| -i 

iihi Kfn I.Aki Imi- N li 

-. f i Bui Seta J.'lnn.ii M i. al 

MISSOURI. 

n Join i a ,t b W. . k- 
i Kax«ak t'itt ii i ti.niin . .sin r ,i i i 

lv KltttM Ii i i I'h'iA. > llh'i . I Ha ••■ 

im .in-Ki n \t iii /in, ii- i wan i ■ 1 • S ml 

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is i .. r , w I. IVamtmr] .• ••• n Hth »i 
17 i ..r i hat ,1 II, rm.iltri . '7 1 . i It i fii,i * .i i 
7',. iJtui .1 -.wank Its* M.ui, I,. -ii-, ,n i- 
: .7 \ W U arc, . i M w.nd -t. 

-.tnitsi Kilar. Br i^.-. m.i n n i Ma i -ill . 

I2U tv i in im w - Br i ai, i ii i 
MONT AN \ 

A* Ai OMDI •'. Wi -i ii i B>|« ; - 
Bil l IV - Jnhll I'ttWi i- 

Bi iii i lit ii II t i.nr i , lki% 
lr*K Mini- • i tl 1 , ,. In, , |:.,i . • 
lli-i cm II | Mmltll ill' Mil an 
Mi-„ i i i Bui,, i.r.ili.in, 

NEBRASKA. 

I.im in v 1 I Walk, r ■ h rtill fl 
'•MIIII M N . M.I ..un 1., . I I . IimdI 
S I l\l I II i > S|li II, • - i 'In il ,1 

NEW JERSEY. 

\-lil lit I'ABA- U III. II i il r B,.i - I 

Am iini mm i j Mi, fin- 
Bi\,,M., Morri< l t>Miii,tn i-i w. i 

B t Mi'i,. r , i . I . ' . -i 
BKHi i L.v I II Ki , ■,, ■.. ; I , I .i\< |if -i 

I i"['i • 1 I IVtaia ii. I II Wdtlllll k: 

i 1 1/ * in i n m. ?.lnm> irnaii. . m - , id -• 
'.. i Jnhn K nli n it S|* n .i -t 

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All.', t 

II .11..KI \ A 1 1. .11,. iv J ,| J u k-,.i 

i.'.'r II > rv. r- ttai M 1I11 ■■ .1 

'ii •-•a in., It. i 1 1. vt . Bank<s - •■ s • i 

mail .iwiiii,', .liT-aj 1 iii 
Il '■ IMi.ro> 1 I, ,« Van w. rt ' 
>lill J.ihll Hunt. .."I 1 ,raT..| .1 

11 !>■ v rt»i .i..v ii. iin„[. 11 af „ 

|i.i» .in n nf. 

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Brain 1 1 hi 
Mm .111 tvi-n'i- m,,.,i iiuik 
Mh o h 1 1 (aa \|, \, „i, , u Mam -t 

M"M. I ll J«. MWao.1 III I .,: II .1 

M' lllll»l<i« \ 1 . V 1 1. ,i . I ,,^1, |U(» |i; , 
fit M un, - ■. ..,iar i uf (HAtrii t 1 iiiidi ij, 
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Ni m IIMAM.I I, to I (UuklBl 

[•* »*' ' 1 i'l'liiiro, .-• 1 hii| man -1 
Path hia * »i T i m. vV„t,., ,1 

Bi— i:. IB.«nr.| B.nli.i'. II B n 

firiii amiu* 

j«l Hill Ani.-.t W II Bulb, SI I en ,- »i 
Bun 1 ic-i.i i... t\ * liarrlaun - I ,.,-ii. .1 
'■' ,|N ' 11 l.urnMr im 1 1, 1. . . 

.4 VI'. 

I;.. -1 1 1 1 Kdward B. Man,,., 1, 

hi 11 1 avil 1 || An I . * r.ii 
I'm *1UA \ H.. 1 1 N . rttnlali. |2y |i, „,,.„, k 
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n., Ilobukfn. 
*'n»n Inlm tiuiir.i 

Wi -I II , 11.. hi n . harlM In. .in. I,. £»| 
tt ■ 91 , N'cw Ink 

NliW YORK. 

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OKLAHOMA TER, 

Qui hi. un r, f. Ballard, Boa ni 

OREGON, 

tty«* i,M • '"-" n ••••" ; «"'i.".. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Am. .nun iM k ;ar Max W*t|, Bryn M,u, 

«iW 1 A tV.l7i,, M i ,MTrai Mill nwd 

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*><•'•> I tV |l,.v,.. Iilim, 1 I 

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WYOMINO 

Mtawioiiviii 1 11 v Taaat.ni K ""' 



ni, -, 



" ;" I 



THE CARPENTER. 



MORRILL'S 



Pirfect Saw Sets, Bench 3tops, Punches, Etc. 



No. 95 S««# Set 



•Jo. 
*»* 

*a tl' 
■Jets' 




S 181 © 

N IKK 



CHAS. MORRILL 



IAV- 



ADE MARK IS 
J ON ALL 
rs AND OTHER 



KAI -RE 
OF 



TIES 
VAKE 



35 

Warren Street 
New York 



SEND FOR PRICES 




UNION MAUH MATS. 

TtiU Label U 
alx-ht ari inch and 
n half senate and 

is priott4 "» buff 

colored paper. It 
I* placed uii every 
union marie hat 
tie-fore it leaves tlie 
workman | hand*. 
II a dealer taken a 
1 i 1 .-: from one hat 
ami places it i n an- 
other, rir has any detached latwls in his store, do 
ntd hoy from him. a* his lal>eU may he counter - 
felt, it'll hi* h.iln may l«* the product or seal) or 
oou union labor. 



f'RAf X1IC riAKEil-' lAliRr. 




LINION-MADt COOUbSnV 



CUT THIS OUT 

Hun, beds 61 Carpenters praise uM best 

l.i.oki printed. 

HOW TO FffAJHB A HOUSE, 

or House and Roof Framing 
by OWEN B. MACINNIS 

Ii is a practical treatise on the latest and bast 
methods (a laying out, framing and raising timber for 
houses, together with i simple and easily understood 
•yeton of Roof framing, tht whole makes a handy 
Bad aaalT,' applied book lor i arpentere, both foremen 
and journeymen 

COM F.NTS - Part I. 

Chapter I General description of Halloon Frames, 
Framed Mils and their i ■ natfuctlofti 

ChaptCI II First Fioo* Reams or Joists, Story 
So n., ns. Seoond FH.or lieams. Studding, Fr »ming ot 
Itnur and Window openings. Wall I' ales and Roof 
1 imbere, 

Ckaptef I. rir out and Working Bel oon 

Frame-, (orders. Sills. Posts and Studding. 

I Ranter IV. Laying out First and Second Floor 
J'.isi* ur Reams. Ceiling Joists and Wall llates. 

I li.inter V. Laying out and Framing the Roof. 

t baptat Raising, 

PAR r M -" Roof Framing." 

PART IM. 
HlkWtt Frame the Timbers for a'Rrick House. 
I haptel I. (.eneral Descriptions First Story Fire- 
pc iifrlooivStuthhng and V. o,.d Floor lieams. 
( haj.ter II. ^rij .nj and Upper Story Reams. Par- 
leying and Angular Framing. 



.■HI StaOB ant m ISO mai 




a4 aha* Work ere' ■asaaa as an* 

of tbo trade and u a new eoai 
sal ait las bra a, hes W Wat mm* afeaa 
■o m asa Tke above trade-Bark •'baa Uaae 
« *ba eaoJ er lining of a boot ot seen la a 
inia la as see by aoiee Inner 
of tne antredBcttea nS 




ution 

Che etar III. 
ami Doom, 

Chapter 1 V. 

( tiapter V. 

Chnntei VI. 
inn Same, 
i haptor VI 



Firtsprootog Wood floors Partitions 

Roofs. Bulkheads and Fronts. 
W.«,il and Iron Construction. 
Heavy Reams ami liirders and Raia- 

H"» i" Frame a Log Cahin. 
I lie w rit is illustrated and explained I, y over Bo 
large engravings of houses, roofs, ate, and, bound io 

i. Ictli. 



PRICE ONLY - - $l.OO 



AIM I 




HAMMACHER 
fiCHLEMMEB 



I stoN M tlh I 1 "I lit- 



i i sued gv ati t mo a ii s if 



ACS BOWERY 



NEW 




ia ev 26 bhcncs. 

SiriPLt.^rneAi 

PRlCfT 

Q 




THE SQUARE ROOT 
DELINEATOR 

0f\ KEY TO THE. STEEL 3QU»VKn. 

6Y A.W WQODS, 

4TA« IN PLAIN rmf^STMLUMHem 
ifVN*\ tftteS, FfJCM. CZSftM. 

gcveu rmf cvcn and otrtyc* ptmMt%\ 
Nopwr evrt, eo/uto mmm. W4. 

6fHT P06T PAID. PWl H.W 



S^THE CARPENTER,, 




TIh t.o>« lalwi primed M Mm fnjjef will >n 
"Mta.| « nil pi,,g bwisja and on »• nrappars 
•f rl Hug lobneoa ajnnalanturara In unioii 

"''■s.. i Ui torim 




kannv 
Tbln la n faasatasga nt 
tfeto badge warn by nil 
naaenbere nf the Re toil 
Cleikn' NaUooai Protae* 
Ive Ananeintioa of nW 
Col 



Tl>is l.aliel is the only poaitit I gusrant- * that 
lli'sdy.nisile Clothing, Int-luding o vera 111 an*l 
|«ckeM, is not tusdi uiider (be dronttnd, gieajenD 
iRfertod lent Dl bouw ami swraiing system 

Yuu Bill timl I ht linen lain I attached hy ma- 
chine stiichlug to the inside hrc-ast p.'Cket of 
tli' on thu Ittaide of lliu huckln strap of the 

vc«i, ami mi Hi-- «ai>ihand lining of Ihu panu. 



"Roof Framing ffiade Easy" 

This splendid bono COIHaifti aj i hapters and 76 eo- 
g ravings and rovers the entire subject. Its price it 
only ii Co Bound in ejoth with gilt title. Kvery 
Cnrpentet should have one. 

\ practicaJ ami easily comprehended system of 
lying out and iramnr^ roont adapted 10 modem 
Irttildtng i. oast ruction. I he netnod* are made clear 
and intelligible With extensive esplanatcry teat. 



/.V PREPARATION 
Price - - $1.00 

" Hon to Measure up Woodwork 

for BuUWufr." 

Ku eshaustive trr:iti»e. showing how to figure up alt 

the a Iv».irk required 111 Urn k or Frame Houses. 

Illustrated by over 10. engravings with descriptive 

resl 

Semi l ash i.r 1'ust Oflice Order to 

OWEN B. MAOINNIS, 
jio West laSth.St.,* Ncw.YorkXlty. 



IMPEOTED 

Lai m^i- S j iv in n 

CARPENTERS' 

TOOLS- 
STANLEY 

RULE & LEVEL CO. 
New Britain, Conn. 

ROI.D I1Y A ! .1 • 

Hardwaro Dealera. 



Stanley's Improved Victor Circular Plan*. 




The Flexible WUsel Fs.ee of thta Tift no ran bn ma.de 000 one*, 
ortxHiynx, by Uirmntr the acrow wtm-h iaattuc-lioil loltneonteev 

No.30. CirctilftrPlaur,Ni( k* l Pliitril 11 hi. Cutter. ft.M 



ECLIPSE ADJUSTABLE FOLDING SUUARE 




1 1 



ih me IHohifMiwM of ihe Kellpae 
'••la Fuhiiiig gqiiBte sim»ii Uerv- 
iklhifo Ida »'pi»rt> open, partiallj 
1 » i lor angles, and ihul fhl 

it In uiskiiig I - i in . ihiunri « 

In "iriring the shnrl blade hy 
IU| Ina phliet ami RCteOI nltvrab] 
• in-Ill ri|;iit while h.-ing ii-i' i '■ a 

*1 1 "" ii also (ut«u a looking derlisj 

s.piare is M<M, whl< Ii can 

Im si i'ii i.y Hi,. '1,-pn- and nnnloH 
i isiniiiug plaint nnleh eMoe In a 

f" I led for Ihu sh When ■ I """I 

' !• lolded ttml peeked In a «ioaii i lu st 

I fi»» llo mm, and can be adjusled 
ninth s read* tor inetanl use when 
i It dies away wlili ruiiitig kolea 
Ion nr sl'ie< "I ■mall dureU and Is 
■I Imiii helng heut or rusted oiieii 

g or akojonadj to the neMbet 



*nii . 
tUm ij 

lll M i 
lOut, < 

Inn 
Hi.) . 



nli 

r. ;, I 

•I til 



F" 
at n. 

Mqui 
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int 

'rum' ii,',. ■nf" bV." t, damed 



1UCK * LARK 




The ahure I Jibe I la issueil hy llie Irnu Moulders 
Union of Nnrlli snu rtca, and ran be fuum! on all 
union made stoves, ranges slid iron castings. It 
Is printed on white paper and is paaU'd on all union 
made stures. rangas and castings. 




This MM 1* printed In Mark Ink on light blue 
paper, and If peeled on the cignr-hox. Don't mix 
it up with the It. 8. Revenue label on the box. ae 
the latter is nearly ftf n ilntitar color. -Hee that 
Cigar Mskers' Rlue Isabel appear* on the box 
from which you are nerved. It Insures y..-u against 
Chinese-made cigars and trtieitienl-tnade goode. 




Qr tM« UetiTiP State*. ' 



>5 



THE CARPENTER. 



Lane Standard Parlor Door Hanger 




The most popular house door hanger on the market — because it 
is made right. The frame is ALL STEEL and substantial. The 
wheel is constructed on mechanical principles, has a fibre tread and MADE 
runs true. Ask for Lane Hangers and semi to us for catalogue, CLOTHING 



ARE 

YOU 
A 

UNION 

MAN? 

THEN 

STAND 

UP 

FOR 

THE 

PRINCIPLES 
OF 

ORGANIZED 
LABOR 
AND 
WEAR 
UNION 




LANE BROTHERS CO. 

422-454 Prospect St Poughkeepsie N. Y, 



dft j.nir dfUM 

wVII il fMJ lil 



I'll T II"—' 



I. It. - : 1 .In ii lur Ihi **kuit; Mi'l you'll hrl|> ll..- I Mn „ flf 
. -.(iii|<lc» sri'1 IWIIIli'W I mi't. »•.!)■ a ibdn'J rjp 

RttWta ll'BttH'r [MCftl'l II" ll">r«nllllll I" - ' 

HAMILTON CARHMTTT & COMPANY. DETROIT. MICHIGAN 

nw ftn ii ua»l»« i MAW eMWna NCttiM 



the ATHA TOOL CO NEWARI ^- N 1 

Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 




O 

o 



= or 



CO 



O 

S 

UJ 

CO 



10 
EC 
D 
(5 
D 
< 



< 
C 



c 
o 

"tfl 
c 



Q. 
— 1 

c 

o 



• - LU • £ 



CO 



WILL PULL A WIRE BRAD 
Material. Best Shape. Best FInitt* 



o 

03 



c 

'C 
o 
DQ 



< £ 

c £ 

o _F 

E Q 

E E 

O 3 



03 



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to 



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3 it 
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CO 3 JS 

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<C0 2 




All Trades UalonlfltJ are requested to mi 
St label of the Journeyman Taliorn' Pnlon, _ 
ton having it when the} aroea may rtotfclng 
I a. Merchant Uliur. lit* to be found in the 
< breaai pocket of the coat, on the nude* 
ride of the buckle strap of the and on the 

MMttM lining of the pun It 1* prtntaA Id 
C Ink on while liner. *iu it n worn* "Jour 



< TRADES 



UNION PRINTERS' LABEL. 

"' COUNC IL? an try ..f ii,. 

inl'-rnnl in rial 

I'nlun and ..I tin- tiiTBian J jp»«raaMa. The 
l.il.d In m. .1 on .It in-»..ji.i|.er ami l"»»k work. It 




ANCHOR BRAND 
Adze Eye Nail Hammers 




LAMEST MANUFACTURERS IN THE WOULD 

Fayattn R. Plumb, Phil* 



ilwaj* l.tar» tiie 
priming *i'rk in dune. 



mid tucitn.ll uf whor* lh>- 




ii 



FORT UN A WROUGHT BRONZE 
DOOR and WINDOW 
TRIMMINGS. 

FORTUNA LOCK SETS 

Made up with Slu-I Morii* l^"k». Steel Sliding l»oor 
Utk*, FMM hour I-ocko. I '.ilumhl* |,wk», Kih»- 
win I'iii-TiimbU-r Lin'kn. 



low hi ^r/ce Awr" M^A hi 4fe/v7. 

/WSS£U £ £/7»7/V MFG. CO. 



*rrnRNtr-Ai law 

Howard M 

MECHANICAL ENGINEER 
SOLICITED! OF 

PATENTS 

629-631 STOCK EXCHANGE BUILDING 

La Salle and Washington Sts, 
CHICAGO 
Connection* In Waihington, 0. C. 

First Class Books. 

CHEA_F, PRACTICAL, ANT) US ft POL 




W« will make yitu lo onh-i > 

Ilk." I'lll bImiVC, wit 1 1 V'OIIT J.l. 

ti» tln-reoii, with dl»m*ta i * 

ilnlltir, or it hl|| lWO>M«M • 
Ktnt»' wiili n^rrusn mint ■ 
IihihIIh. 7."i (*iilh, nr liirtuim' 
one (hilliir Hliiiltn vCiffiiiiiii ■! 

E. LOCKWOOD 



ktiito 

l| <ID> 

.i-nMti 
MM* 

Hull', 

•ill 



NEW BRITAIN, CONN. 

PHILADELPHIA 

CHICAGO 




NEW YORK 

BALTIMORE 

BOSTON 



OliniTKT ADD HDIUOthw 

Hfl Teeter . , a, u 

Tbb Hvn.paaa Oi'ina inn l>i .uatouv. 

I'm' ■ Kuok. Hodffaon $1 to 

Thb Html, rkiniaa. imj Hi,» ni Pan It 1 m 

l aAOTIOAL I'lkfUTBl. M.«J«- n i at 

•r.ia-rti'iLoinu M*t>« K*^v Jlotlaaon . 1 M 
Bub rUu.ma MtOH Ruv ■ gg 

™ OaanNraa'a aid Kuildbb • Oom- 

IN 

P J. 




1 rimsrm 



■ n)4 li l"" * 

,,,„.,*. t...J «• 

iflWaUxl wl r 

,.f I*!"" 
,mm b»" 



wher.4 en' l> '"" 

HA ,|l-|.„. ■ 
lilvll K" 1 



nut 




A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men. and Kindred Interests 



VOL. XX.— No. 2. i 
LIstablis ed 1881. f 



PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY, 1900. 



i Fifty Cents Per Year. 
'( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



DISSTON'S NEW 

"TRIUMPH" SAWSET. 

The Most Perfect Set Ever Made 

The Two Plungers f'^kkm^} ^^^^ ^ EAS\, 

do the Work: ^jN^^^ZT^ P °™ FUL 

one Holds the Blade ^j^J L | ff-^JIj n t i*9» ACCUBATE 

The Other Sets the IN ACTION 



Made in Three Sizes, Large, Medium and Small Polished Finish Only 

PARTICULARLY ADAPTED FOR NARROW SAWS 

HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc Philadelphia, pa. 



TAINTOR 
POSITIVE 
SAW SET 

Thn-iMiid* of itii. tool t,i»e 
tsaa Mid, and lh»» ar< highly 
•uMtstndird by ALL alio dm 




If jour Hardwire dealar doea 
not handle Itirm. don't take an 



Mft, "Iiajii.t as good." 

TAINTOR MF8. CO. 

9 to 15 MUftRATST 

X£H' YORK 





FOOT AND HAND POWER MACHINERY 

COMPLETE OUTFITS 

Carpenter and Hal I Jm wtllinat ilM p«Mf on 
■ufc-»fuilf Bu«ap*U wtilv the Urve >h..|.a l.y 
ualng »ur S>w 1 ah. r Nmng Mn.-hinarj 

IMM .Ve«d/ar CWujrar •< 

;j WW* s/ SrWM /j.'.'<. .v r, r .S A. 




PIKE'S LILY WHITE WASHITA 



Tha Bast DilBtanB nn Earth 

tttni, •▼"B-cr!U*d .tone, impart* * line edge. tip (■ two gradee-t'. eoft 

"lit*' 



•wlum, coaree-g-rit arl hard medium- fine-grit. Karh atone la HI led. telling whether hard 
w aoft, and iwulaid to give abaotu'e .allifaWlan The aaroe atone made tn 
^I«mi« allpa and all ipeclal abapea All leading hardware dealere, 

far Booklet « >n the lubject of ollitonea, how to aelect and uae tbem. 
»° of the oilatoaee on the market, how to aelect the: 



tontaluJn* i 



THI PIKE 




8U 
N. H. 




KIND WORDS FROn UNION flEN 
to 



Keystone 
Overalls and Pants. 

WE THANK YOU. 





See that Keystone > It's on the Ticket. 

■9th year In business and nevei 
had a strike ; that's our 
labor record. 

Cleveland & Whitehill U.. 

Nl WHURGH. N. Y. 




W. S. Thomson 

Mild milled, Utb, Door, 1 



Bmd.CoMwea»deroot< 



Aim 



Beat, Straifht, Variety, Mod Id la* and Cut- 
ters J ererj «e*erlatloa aad Steel 
Citter Head BelU 

418-420 W, 27th. St. NEW YORK 

AU Order. fc r MaU FrarnpU; A Man dad ta> 






■ 



Sworn Circulation of THE GARFENTEB 

33,000 COPIES MONTHLY 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, Woci 
Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and Building 
Materials. Also of Special Advantage to Contractors, 



Architects and Business Men. 



tiu- 



ai 



THE CARPENTER. 



HIGH GRADE MACHINERY 




roR 



CARPENTERS, BUILDERS, SASH, 
DOOR, BLIND MAKERS, ETC. 



— I 

Wo. I Tiai.TT wood Woiiu. ** * 

A most valuable machine for Carpenlcra, 
■Mere, Sash, Door and Blind Maker*, etc., 
■ On it you can verlurtii a variety of work 
would olbcrwiae require the uae of 



*m Slngl* Mac hi nan or 
«-ln*r fully f urn I* tied . 

Ask for » Wood Worker " Catalogue 

A. Fay & Co., 

-514-534 W. Front St 
CINCINNATI, OHIO. 



eiaauea and WMKM WWUCUnf cvw* l.iusi, 





rwioa- n(uio. 
international Thin In Ik. utbmi mt Ht. 

■r, Juumtyiwin Rakt-re tod 
j,* CfcnfeeUeoM*, under tbeii 
Int« ruatlonnl tn ion It tt 
^ 1 I'ruiwtl «ti|u> pn ( . r 1, 
(0 bin. k ink •<.,* la pa^i Bi . 

(«Phk«/rfb M »J. IffOflB,.- 

•Wh In Um\* hour* and **« 




STANDARD WOOD WORKING MACHINERY 

Or EVERY DESCRIPTION 




|it ft 



No. I. P: *M h, Ma ri 11 km a^ D IIOVLD 
Plane* oue »ule. -i inclic* wiUe by 6 lutbei 
lh Irk 

M*lche» I.' Ituhr* *ule . 
A a io»* >i» <■ ;r niitli 1 ne tot a .mall 01 infill 
*l*r<l ' 



■ t Lri .<.«<! ml 

wll »' *■ »• «« aao.i , 

yo«* m*u*y 

llluitrated 312 page ostalegtte r> 6 » if 
hive good eee for It. 



? The Egan Company. 



4 06- 4 ao W. Front Street, 

CINCINNATI, uruo, 




nseful to at] mechanics, carpenters e«pe 
ciallv, nnil fvinu very small enn l>e curried 
in the vest r cket. Cutis two-thirds act 
na' Mre. Ask vour hardware dealer for It 
mid see tint it Dure the stamp of 9. Brals 
4V Co. For further information address 

F. BRAIS it CO- 
166 Klrtmnd Street Clevelini, Okie. 
Price - - - 25 Cants 



THE ATKINS SAW 

In Material, In Finish, in Cutting Qualltla* 

Warranted the Best 

E. C. ATKINS & CO. 

SAW MANUFACTURERS INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



UNION CARPENTERS, attention !^^> 



The New System 

OF EDUCATION 

Architecture 




* ; 



i tgfk Ari'blln-I'irai Ii r. 

A 4f* \ Hiram. »:i««tii, s i \ ; 

fiiljil hat. fivll and I , 

TiT^EBTTkkJ Kii«ine*rt»«; Ik* . 

K n t y r y 1 1, a ; I a* 
ftUBlMna; li'*«* • ' a; 
hhnrtlienU; hi , . .', 

Ur%aetm 

TAUGHT BY MAIL 
O.ar SO (.„„-.-.. 
W« beta balpad thnti*ar..u i.> ballai ; • , 
»■ 1 .a I arte* Ki ad f-*r fr ■» , irralar*, 4 
1 « it.jM.-t 111 ni.irh f iu *r« iut.r~' 
t nt i»ii*> t imiii. loaHtxruiDiiii ■ „», ;1 v 

*>■ Nvraataa, t'a. 



tl 



The only IJSIOH MADE Hand, Back, and Panel Saw*, 
tn the United Slate*, are made by 

E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the following, from Carpenters' Union* : 

To the Cmrpctttar* 0/ the pniied State* mad Canada j 

- , he r* b y «*rtlfy that the Saws made by E. C. Atkins <& 

! an , apo1 *• ,nd .-.' ar * «f«ct'y union made uoous, 

and are lira -clasa In quality. 

Unton 7 . 6 *" ' n,trUCUd tQ • l « n th,s ««-«««-te by our respective 
B. A. SCHLUDER. 
O. G. SMOCK, 

TWa S,,.o« I. paid for l„ taw Mak.r.> Itaion 
Wo. 1, of IixiLaapoll., i od . 




THE VliUV 8HST FURNACK 

is made ri^'lit here in Philadelphia and Is u*r. 
everywhere by wise people it k 
THK PARACON Fl'RNACR 

and it is the t.est furnace because it k'»«'s 
heat to tlie rquare inch than ai 
niitde h» ntiione 
construction rendcra 
this poxniMe. 
"Hinle Ahout Hestlng-' 

will interest am] help TO u. 
It is Vhkv 



THE VERY BEST RANGE 

is also made in Phils 
delphin. It 11 

THE EXCELSIOR RANGE 

ttade in s*ven sues and every conceivable atyle It 
hat been known to Philadelphia housekeepers lor the 
past 30 years as the very best ranc- 

Th« " MAGIC " r.n K .- fills the Bll for a small mm- 
upon "reSS"" rtnfr ^ free 

i SAAC A - SHEPPARD & CO.. 

1801 North Fourth Street ' Philadelphi* 




9.', Chembera Street 
NEW YORK 




St Lvorsj, 

n^^ojKii-ruKKm or 

FINE TOOLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

c«rrii(faicd Face or Smooth Fate 
Checkered Kulib*>r Hand>g or Enameled 
Wood Handles 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 
PIO# SCREW DRIVERS 

FIseL T..tsdT MR h Temper. '6oM TsatM Bol.ui. fleary Hell P„ a l fc Fl.Ud handle. 

HSCWAUK OV 1MITATIOSB. 




TOWER'S CH 




Be sure the trade mark (1 'AMPION is on fiaefa blade 




ct 'J 

\ 





Satisfaction 

** given all around when the house 
trimmed with Sargent's Hardware. T. 
Architect is pleased because he spc 
fied it . the owner is pleased each tin- 
he looks at the trimmings because th< 
add so much to the beauty of the ho; 
and everybody is pleased with the wc 
ing of Sargent's Easy Spring Locks 

Sargent & Company, 

Maker. «,f Arti.tic Hardware and Fine [<* - S, 
New Y<vk ; and New Hayen. 






A' 



4: 1 



A Monthly Journal fur Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Meu, and Kindred- Interests. 



VOL. XX. No. 2. 1 
( . • i bli shed 1881. » 



PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY, 1900. 



Fifty Cents per Year. 
Single Copies, 5 Cents. 



| he Chicago Building I miles 
Situation. 



|t< lu ki ■ it "i the Imilding trade 
< t thr* kti hi '! :<>! unite .1 

• iv f>y the i )i i' .1 1 * ■ 'iiti .t. i< ji h 

■ ■ : the ! 7lll ill t 
I 1 ml 1 it << >r ln-.n ]• 1 1 1 .ii ti fa tbei 
, h v . .« .* I fc ' ling u\ 1 1 il.c 1 1' 

- :,ts In IOC tight 61 1 tar as 11 
proceeded. Sc-i ti till v I A 
! tin' Ituildin^ I r.n I'-s < 1 itin 
. im mm d that Mi Stud* baki 1 
■ lt'> alii >w the W 1 1 1 1 'ii hi* in S 

• :ii to In- ti' '1 uji, and whin 

•!,- 1 11 tractors who had ti.<- j< «'< o 

I t«i jtt'Li ' ' -I 'a ith it, tin- riirci ti' in 
: th »'Otk was left ti> tin- union 
1 iii- was taken ti ' r.n an that 
ijitv 1 it in s 1 w ouli I fall in line, Mr 
•Alt! it wa* 1 »llly an ilhistratii m 
• • oil old ol<] argument that the 
• 1 t"i w.is ,1 middleman whose 

• • ... ci mid I •«• dfcpcnscd « : 1 1 1 

I !.- [ai t . ( ;-'i that the national 
> nti/atii 'ii ■ i t!:'- Building I r.n !< ■> 
'oun 1 has annom < 1 'I to ill its <>t- 
ijanii itum* tl it ti,- v iMK-t ] i.t forth 
rn i-rTrtri to k ■ » j ► hi" * ni' n awaj 
from * In. ago, was another cam 1 lot 
among tin union wen TJh* 
' immnnit atn >n ci ines t'n nu the w e 
n tai y's ' liTu f .it St. I .< iuis, .ni'! 
■ mm nj it are In inc -1 nt broad ast 
'.' r the 1 ountry This ■" M' * 011 

thi 1 1 in 1 f 1 1 ,« - national 01 ganixation 
sas brought about by the factthat 
there have appeared . n 1 \ * 1 ti « iru nt- 
: i th ■ patters in several States for 
men ol all trades t. 1 eomi t' 1 ( 'hicagn 

At .1 meeting qI th-' Building 
Materia] Fradcs Council il was 
'l" ided in stand by the m ^ fit nf tin* 
Building Tnuh s * oun< >l I hfa ( it 
« asw rted, makes the fight hordi r 
|n r tin- < 'ontrat tore' rWoi iation, 
Ii hsu announced 11 s dei it*ion t<» 
esrry on iHtilding with non union 
men, Material men d4v!arc they 

* ill place nu matt rial in lmililinKs 
where non union turn air employed! 
and .m attempt of the < tmtractors to 
carry on t h. jr work with men not 
mcmbeni ol (Jte unions will result in 
■•'I of i| )L . factories, where building 
material is preparedi being tied up. 

I or tWg years the WOfkUlgllten ol 

Chicago have \><m preparing for the 
present tic-uj). I mirr tin- advice ol 
their officers the men have deposited 
thousands f ( i,,]| [irs Q f { \ }Vlt - earn- 
in U> in the savings institutions. The 
°"" f '^ "f all the unions say that the 
^mljera Uav»« been preparing lor ■ 



da Ii, anil that thr litlildtng '1 r.i<\< s 

• "'in' il of Chicago h now (He 
strongest and \><m organised tabor 

'oily in histi iry. 

I be Following manifesto has been 
it sued by the Building Trades 

* "mi' il, and "xi'lains tl.r ai tu.i! 
utuation. 

'To tin- publii 1 ii v n-w of the 
nany misleading statements appear- 
ing rci ently in the public press "1 
relation to the labor troubles ami the 
attitude ol the several trades unions 
imliated with the Chicago Trades 
1 otmctli we an- desirous that pros 
i ' ■ ttve builders and owners should 
hear our tide ol the controversy. 

" U'i are willing to f iirn i!-f 1 tun 
><r\iii Ui whomsoever neeitu thftn 
in tin 1 : , tlon and construction oj 
buildings, irri -j i live of whether 
they are members of contra':tors' 
15-' " i ition • '. not, the ' inly stipu 
Iation wo make being that union 

conditions -hall prevail mi th> iniili! 
iii^. 

That this cojitsc is objectionable 
t" tin- contractors who desire the 
clifTerent unions to enter into absolute 
agreements W work for no one not 

1 member of their association, i- 
c nli u. I bv their ai tiou in notifying 
tin ii meml«.4"s that any member 
»igning an agn ement with a trade 
anion as an individual shall lu* fined 
■ At the present stage of out 
industrial development, when capital 
is being com entrated with the object 
in view "t reducing the cost of pro 
<lui turn, . apkaltsts engaging in the 
building industry arc beginning t" 
realize that tin- contractor is an un 
necessary middleman, that the work 
1 .rn It done dire< fly by the journey- 
men, thus saving the profits of the 
contractors, that tl'' 1 work is better 
done liecause the incentive to slight 
is not there, ami consequently the 

contractor is making a last desperate 
etlort to maintain hi-, position, which 

has no place in the industrial field. 

•' It has been Stated that we abso- 
lutely refused to arbitrate. This is 
a mistake, W< luve not done so. 
In fact, most of the agreements now 

in force provide for arbitration, ami 

we mean to live up to those ayree 
mettts. 

' ' We do, however, refuse the 
arbitration which says we muit abso- 
lutely refuse to work lor anyone not 
a member ol a contractors' SSSO 
ciation. (hereby compelling owner- 
and otkers friendly to til to pa) 



tribute to Cesar. This, in substance, 
1^ the arbitration offered us, and we 
a^ain reiterate our previous state 
ment tint we will work for any one 

paying our wages and complying 
with our conditions, 

' Some of the contractors' asso- 
tiations^have endeavored to entei 
into combinations with mill owners 
and material- men to induce them not 
to furnish material to anybody out 
-id-- "i their association. M.inv have 

b'ien forced into the organization 
through this threat. If the material 
men on one hand refused to supply 
material, and labor, on the other 
hand, refused to work for an out- 
sider or use outside material, they 
have tin.' owner at their mercy. That 
is their real Object, as was plainly 
intimated to the members of the 
joint arbitration committee when dis 
CUSSing the Madden scheme of arbi 

tration, 

A- an illustration of this, through 
an understanding with material-men, 
a member of the Master Mason's 
association is enabled to purchase 
brick at f 1 a thousand cheaper than 
a non-member, lime 15 cents a bar- 
rel, vent linings, 'copings, etc., at a 
proportionate rate. To those not 
initiated tins would seem sufficient 

to prevent successful competition 
by the noii-m< mbt r, but because of 
tin- exorbitant profits demanded by 

the master mason, an owner can still 

pay the higher rate for the material 
and erect his building at a lower cost, 
and in order to prevent this they de 
mand that labor assist them by re- 
fusing to work tor any one not a 
member of their association. 

" These are the mm and some of 
then methods, who pose as * ham 

pious, willing to throw themselves 
into the breach to protect owners 
from the alleged rapacious demands 
of 0r14.uu/ed labor. 

"In conclusion, we mean to carry 

out the agreement entered into by 
uiir unions in good faith, and if w ork 
is stopped and the building industry 
paralyzed it will be no fault of ours. 
The blame entirely rests on the con 
trai tors. 

' I. uk'- < irant, I '. M Ryan, R. 
A Davis, Committee,' 

Tit iK i v thousand more Austrian 
miners have gone 011 strike, their 
employers having refused the de- 
mands for higher wages and an 
sight-hour tlay, The total numbei 
now out is 70.000 



New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 



244. tirand Jum tion, Colo 

267. Telluride, Colo. 

270. Alexandria bay, N T Y 

2ijS. Hanover, Pa. 

401. Hiohwood, III. 

470. Tacoma, Wash. 

472. Selina, Ala. 

475. Florence, Colo. 

477. Alexandria, Ind 

171;. Sparta, ill. 

4S0. l-'reebur^, III. 
|8l. ISarre, Vermont. 
4M5. Hyesville, C). 

4S7. Linton, Ind, 
4^s. Clinton, Ind. 

489. Canon City, Colo. 

491. Siuux City, Iowa. 

4ij2. Reading, Pa. 

40.4. Columbui, Ohio 

49ft. Leadville, Colo. 

Making a grand total of 191 new 
tiruoiis chartered during the past 
eleven months. 



Scranton Carpenters to be Busy. 



The carpenters of Scranton, Pa., 
held an enthusiastic meeting last 
week in their splendid hall on Wyo- 
ming avenue, and several candidates 

were obligated, Encouraging re 

ports were made by the business 
agent and by members from other 

building trades w ho were given the 
privilege of the Hoor. 

Since the strike in the building 
trades began, nine months a;.;o, 
about 500 building tradesmen have 

obtained remunerative employment 

in various parts of the countrv, soinr 
in California, some in New England, 
and some in the Southern states. 
Quite a number, too, went to New- 
York and are working steady undej 
good rules — the eight-hour day ami 
fifty cents an hour. 

Trades-unionism is triumphant 
The better class of employers 
acknowledge that 

Arrangements for tin- erection Oi 
several large buildings an- being 
made and every one of the structures 
will be put up In union labor. Here 

after all the big com ems will have a 
clause in their contracts stating that 
their work must be done by union 
n , That's what the Central 

Pennsylvania Brewing Company will 

do and that's what all of the cor- 
porations and syndicate* hereabouts 
ought to and, 110 doubt, will do 



THE CARPENTER. 




tin ii"' 



is .• >: 1,1 1 1 ►Iiuewv. t til I 
r i 1 i ■ e ni 1 u ; s i 1 •• I i I ■ ■ 
i 1 1 ■ k > • i 1 I i ■ i " 1 1 ! i ' > 
l.| .1 ' " i- 03 1 ' IJUCI il>fi»C 

fill i ii H !. > (ii i 1 1 gnni ' i 

:.■ 1 M ' 1 1 ill It'lKN 



Ai • ' >, Ii;. 1 (via \ ii " i.- i ■■ ■ i ■ 
nig thoroughly it..;, m*i 1 1, \" m 
[tenters, except i vwi !.>,,■ uirw 
b pi I.. ■ ■ • . 1 1 I ii Ii n\ - ' v 
. .it i. »:ts iiri • . ii:nt". ii . \ 

W'l^i i.;;: \, ii. !. \\ * * 

ill)" .lit* .ill I ii" ' i hi j • 

I'lii.Ht j 1 7 is «sfci i ' ■■ 

All tin tin i>.r- I .i : . 

miterest in the prion :..'..■.< tin 
entire . rafi in \ u inu\ . 

MOB (t i , Al.i - ■< i .i u: . in 

l»y l.trgeh in 111 a ii. . . i '• 

.lit- busy inllnei* in; 1 a\\ 

cr.dwin it In p >' i ; ' ! ■ i ' i ' , f M 

S$, This we Ii"; .- i i .i i . . - i .i 
;t very shun bjmci t>i* i 

I . \n. .ii> .i; xi , I ... I i. 

lHa nt L&ughorm . I lul in i i|)u . id 
AtUeborn held a weetii tan ie» - k 
•ii the Later plm t* with tlx . 
vifw of effecting ;i union n 1 ivxi 
the r ttC . >f | '.iv 20 per twit. 

Cm. m:\i.i; Ci i \ (' o i 
I "nioti -\ I 7 is in.Ti.-.i - i ti mem' i ■ 
ship, .iii.l indicate in* ..i 1 1 i! i' mi 
Anticipations for .i • till tar »vl 
will be hilly re ill ■! in ihe in 
future. < >nr tncmbei ar< .t!i >i k 
ing zealously toward that < ad, 

I )r. I'Kon , M ieh. Sim e taw ! rue 
ivt' have initiated ten mi in i ^ hi 
everyone of our meetings. Li .1 
Union 19 has m< it* than if ml If! hs 
membership dm iny thai time. ' I 11 
is tin- largest union in thin city. 
Everything i -> 1 ( 1 1 i t here at j n neiit. 

Jour j , III — The building tra Ii - 
hrisk here. There is not a union 
ritan i<llt' in the city, I .oca) I'uion 
1 71 w arranging for 1 mass roei ti 

during tins 1 it ti I.. .1 it.ii the 

eight hour question, The union is 
increasing its members ft in righi 
ailing. 

\'ai 1 1 jo, t'.d < (in miii 'it hom 
meets in Mi 1 hanii s' 1 Un< >n Hall 
The various unions joined touuihei 
and secured this hull as headtptai 
ten, We have establish «l a \ . 1 ■ 
attractive reading room und • <\ < 1 
good results from same. Union tso 
is gradually growing. 

I.urisvn.l.l , Kv. lyOCUl I I 

103 held a very cnthusia tic And 
well attended meeting \, A wee) 
Fifteen new members were elected, 
Hy the spring limewe hope fo mak< 

this tlie largest union in il ty, 

Our Union is on very friendl iin., 
with the Builders' E*< hangc, 

Cakthaoi:, N V There is 
every prospect of our having .i 



Sw 1 ,••'... 1. I 1 ■ \ 1 1 — A.' ^ii.-- 
U 11 ■'. 1- b -.'. l'".ion 717 in- 

' 

1-' two months, We 
haii 1 ' I ■ ., lint ' 1 Mt\ iRc.ttron*, 

; ■ ■ I 

' " it' .:•:«•! . -;«•»! ~\i the 

• " ' i ivilj ' .ui . nit i\\e 

■ . - i.i : .-. A' 1 ur 1 e.. ular 
; ■ ■ .; ■. i 1 I'lubfr ?st ij we ro- 
il ■ ' al 
1 ■ 1 '.: . : n..- 1 ; W" h...l tweni • 

• hi • ' \'< b»t tied in ore an 



i I I 1 i I 1 h ; i will'. 



1 



nd I.i ' .i! ' 1 wi trkvrn m iln 



I h 



■ i 

t Vl.ll 
1 .' 

I 

Pi 1; } > e»> 1I1 ■ ■ 1 leis ii e tin:, hi prutll 

*>>' 1 " II 1 t OHll, I'ln-H- 
n " ' i ■ ii 1- ■' . 1 ' I' -if 'it tie 1 1 1! 1 
1 «'..: i iters i identify tltrinseh-i •> 

\ ui tffe 1 mi ut .1- there i s ..i il" 

; ;■ -' nt time, mild We expect (hat 
the .'>< ; 1 1 ihip 1 'f Union 70 * ill be 
1 . h : • ly in cj ea« .1 u ii iiin tfte 
1 • 'A.r-k-. We iutvniJ i.» \u,),[ 

- ■ ■ i.il ' ! 1 ii altfj S|U ri.,1 HM I tin. pa 
I hi-. ,1111! Ui \l i;i..n h. 

« *M \ I I -1' 'N, S. ('. W,- . ( [,- 

.' ■ iig •••••• 'I'ik My h< i".' tint! I 'in. ui 

; , i- • wi\)y grtnvittg Recetntly, 
w hen hud sunn- inmi |e « ith one 
1 >l mtr l< iding com r.ir t. ,1 s v?foo 
I ■ 1 oiti di m. 11, lis, the« men ftnit 

firit, twii ih in 1 ( Train ,w I'"' 1 ' 

R' 'ii 1 4uie in tnti 1 cliel (tnd - nij.1. iypd 
nearly all the hnnis This firm 
j i' hfed to Mi. demand 1 »>f titir m 

infj 1 ht ii us some t . n t . ag«, and Uiey 
Irave 1lw.1v-, recog nixed union wen, 

1** \'. 1 I' : CftV, Mi. h. -W,. 

ah li- Mm" mil own us .1 union. 

Al* i(H y .11 I. .. there were 

unlj Hie I -ii j hoti mi n and Cigar* 
maker ' 1 mi Ia>re \'>u there 
■ 1 • 1 1 • i,.. ,ii , ijiing Unions with ;t 
l"ra*Jes 1 un il, rhc Mns^mg and 

l'i i.nt* t iin»m ti 1 organise. ' 'n 

the (tfi tin ' .trjicnters hi M s jubilee 
in 1 iltatii n. A Imtumet ft#l|owcd .it 
;i ii 1 "ii brotiicrs and their families 

• mil tl i--|ll!s S.| l <]. It is ||. 

erfdty conceded that it was the 
ftneal entertainment ever given ui the 

t..\\ n. 



S. :. WloN I'-i ft I *« 1 1 

m«nth has |M--e«! *w n lV| 1 ■ 
.in eight lionr euy, Un itii 

lit !.l of I 'in. ui -('.",, h . 
, rmi 1 n't Fi 'i .1 1 do. k o' 'in 

. .11 WeHI l - i ' '- ,u 1 1,1 ' 

W'nu -ii the I '"in' f ! ■ ! 
bi intttiu e t .'"i-ln :'n: tt ill 1 

rtlrtl ISl nnnie' ii Ij , mi. > I H ' '■ 

on I I ill I : 

1 in 1 [||i in 1 ■. : ..i.i" ;n !• Itliml • 

1 1 

r I ' ' ' : ■ ' ' ' 

Nr. ,1 >J a\\ id thv bwtn ' ' I 

hi th' vvjfi .I sb>res will i> •• 
unlim meii n>e |>rwui n " 
,.1 .■ i!i it the ! ntiliHlitg II 1 I' ■ 1 ■ 

A'll . 1 ' 

liOU* <- 'a ,11 !"■ ■ • e. *.• ! i!i \ r I 
in .iii\ nre\ ■ • . 1 ■ 11 m> i • • . * 
t ■ , 

iv-: \ 
Imh 

i I 1 

: . A ■■',' 
1 • 1 
i 

■ ■is Wei 

M,,h-. ,!' leg ,i", • » the M . ' . 

tint) .I Cwn ven tti . wvn : • * 

i'tCftidl m l"h:i I.' ..• . • : 1' - 

l...l>. '1 I 'i;,.i||. nil' 

iid 1 1 rs-v. .1 111 1 I ' 1 - : ii i ■. ■ ' ' 

Ihkhcr. memh 1 t ..1 ?h- \li c u 

I'lxecutive ft* 'aid \ 1 n 

w ii, > -j 1. .Iv. ' ! : i ,y • , ' . ••, , , ' 1 

I K' l Stn.l1 ! . 1 i» •.< 1 •! 1 >: . • I 

the IfJU lklt#' I ' : " • 

Unii Hi. and I >> •■. itv ! < ■; 
the Miners. I nrtln'r t .' 
m>>de by s.-,. ral I 1 il tn< u mil 1 . 
enteri linment.v !, ■ h a.i- * ■ , ihl i 

a niUSl COjo) al ill iiHj t, wj I 1 . 
to .in .ml. 

t retich Carpenters Strike. 



I r;i !:• Mn\ eillOftl s • , f) 

1 1,-, 

Lomtil inn 



\ I -I'll 



The strike 1 il 1 ai |.<-i.t. 1 • • . . ; 
1 .11 the lixp mil m |;<i ; 1 e. ,i> [■ 

h.is In . ii seUlt'rl In I r, • t 1 -! thv Itti 
An iin rea 1 01 t" 1 entimi s upi i. mi 
f"i vmk "ii Imihling . 1 . ..• . 
metras fi n w..rk in hi ighi » 

1 '.;ni/e<! as , ( just dem.i : 

Full y =;.«'. 1 1 1 ' 1; ; .." t- 1 ,u i • 1 
vi lived. M. I'lntl .1, -s- rj • ! 
1 In- 1 iarpentei ' I hp 1 11 1 1 

■ 'My idea "i setthng ih< intutei I \ 
.11 hitr.it'. hi lias 1 " i n .11 ' iimjili 1)11 r|. 

Some p. 1 ')»!'■ m:.' ii : i' ., 1 toe 
this strike tithe due t- . ne 1 1 irrtind «, 
rather than to mature 1 (Miaiderati*xi 
Lxjforehand, Tin. is.i mist ike, Winn, 
Mi.- w,ik w.is 1.1-.. in, nearly two 
years sgo n was agreetl by thi* 
autln iritivs to o>n iidti tin- rlang< 1 
"Ui ' harm ter "i tie- employmi m, 

Me- l.n I that the I,,, ,1 I eit.lliiK 

would he frirced t<. work overtime 
toward the end. An agr« emem ai 

Milt lime was .hum. I ,,1, |,, M i],.- 

exaci nay agreed mi w;i m>t giyi n 
lor Mhs exai t work, I hat il the 
w hole c.isc in ;i nutshell, 

" A. cidertts ^1" ui .lit,,. ,t ilailv 
'" carrtm not onl) mi u< comu ..1 
th-- hazardous le e. !,' .u win. i, the 
men arc compelled lowurk, hut als«> 
he< ause the proper safeguards h i\.- 
not been provided by the coil 
trai tors," 



I 

1 iti-. nwii Ii 
i .1 

'/' I 1 f J " I 1 * ; " II.' 1 

.1 in. in. I Ii >t t.,. 

.1 Ktail ! . r - 1 . ■ ■ • , . 1 • 

1 1,1 g.> mio 1 1 1 * .'ii \ 

I lnnii, 111 1 ; 1 . ' .' I ,, r 1 

' ' >jufiiion, -in' ! ft 1 hi 
< lawful in the muvi itcitt 

r K A V It I . V.ll\ M 
t nn* agii we held 1 p 

I > .\ hii li « r n, it' ! ■ 
t"i , .i:n 1 tai< 1 1 « ',' •'. il 
mands 101 an aim hi 1 

I I nis iuj In Mtr, to 1 I 

I t J i,ri e u 1 II .1 1 
V ii< f. We do lid 'I 

troufde, 

Guilders have r» hi 



1 lb 



el lul., n| HgrVi in- in '' 
iky Union s 5 \ « * •' 
eight'hout tlay .unl 1 nm I 1,1 ~"' ' 



THE CARPENTER. 



i 



W- 



■ 



I \it|„ !- 



■ i ■ 



.1 



,i I 1 1 nil i n 1 1 . 



tii i trrti , U. I •• .»i i i : * 1 1 

.111111^:11^ I ' . I.i • 1 nil 

tr.i turn tn ,iv rvo \\* < nwiro rju'i 

' I' III!" 1 ' ' I ,l II!.. I|H '.I 'I 

' ' p'l In .in ,l' il I III - . I >h\ ''•< " 
' ■ . I ■ i [In i IL t :,. w t .ill \Y< 

11 1 k uxtved in 1 1 , ii i lug i\v -i <■• 1. 1 

I HI I 1 it 11' I 

S-Wl . \v\ . Mi h At the i $u\m 
"" ' tings u\ | , „ ft] I ii.. .i.s EtfV I 
'■ • I , li'-lil ' 'II :i I m-l , ll w.i . i ii h II 1 1 

1 1 m ii;i- .i demand Ii i the etghl hi > 
l ' ,iv -'i-'l .i minimum rate ill »nyi">. 

-' i • , 'ul > | it f |tl <ll! , (ft gl) ;i \> . i Ui | i 
"'' to»y 1*1 I Ii-' liuiWill ■ I 'ia.t. 1 

1 '"mi il will stand bj us. 



.1 I 



v > . *l I Ii" li.- n il : • c>l 
11,1 

I 

I 



V 



, r 



i ' i. 



■ < 

■ 



l i . 
' ' 'i ' 

■ 

■ 

i a ■ till 



I i I ! ill • •. • - h 
I! 

i Ii1 



! !. ,ll. 

iji-f out 



Wage Slavery. 

ki ■ i utly ///' ■' ! ></V 



ll ii- 1- d •., Iff I ml linyr h--.HU 
'■.ill- . . I ' i 1 ; ,l'»pl[C'| wh*T* 1 1 il I 1 ll'" 
II .ii 1 • . ..'iM ll is-- -nlli' • '1. Thn- 



llJJSl ll 11011 

|fl| , til'- •'•< t of W.I.M', '!•♦-" Ll'" '?•<•' i4Wi0g Was aWI'leil, Uh(l 

ITi<-!< nfii hundred -'"'line;- i ' .ii.i-i nirv wri e H' it 



iir| 'o l || kit, 



nl tl.n :-.,u.U i-i workeri in Ne* h "' v regulated. Iimust he 

.k'linitii 1 1 tli ii il.. .'licit juts had the 
..I ant.i-ji' ' f the moderns in tin- 



y,,ri{ 



;iin! for il. I) ni.it' r 

I ki- v t] i fin i -rv i tint' rn ll ' ' tnu, 

llOtrt: a\ • l ay .''ill im < " 1 ill 1 

K .i' ii .iji ii i. i th t i'-v mfutti 

- ij rjrl i | .inllv. I . - M ■» ' > lati !y 
; .li 1 n| h ii / i ii nl .i \ ■ ... i . and In i 
1 I wild v income it) 1 1 i ' ivunjaji 
* wed niuh' and d iy— \\.i- »i.-".i 
m '•'•!.. Stii ii i ' itldlti'itia ;•• • ••' -r-i- 

. .■• r v i . i r * 1 . '* ' i . i ] '-''}' ' 

v-ar IICO ''1 ■ S inthi i 



1 01 



uniform • hi lice r»f tjo d man i ml t. 
1 ht'j • tin ii i li i vc iwwl only i in* ■ 'i 

ihl -I 1 .! i 1 kibt] and llliil the !»«•>!. 
.i 1 nhfjr In tlil-. limy applied sounil 
iii 1 kui,i:i-'iiii ntwl .'l'i|.!'-'l a mi'thod 
f»r at . ij'ii! 1 , with it much 
t and j i<lg :a ;it that the <lesigii;i- 
liiui til thwi hinMmy <:.nn.ii he 
rnisi i..' ii We have rt-asfin to admin 
heii ai u1 tii - aa xrehitei t>. awl 
i»utcdlv their sMjik- arc wrorthy 



(if tila 1 k ' Ii ittel wa^ f ~ 
r., ii I t!,- NVlh WW! I..- la.Minc; !»nii^.im! mut.ui.m 



■' .. I* WAlfii »laV<-S In .i .' " .Ti- 
.i!! c I in htyor "! da\' ry i\\ ■ 

hwru i I reinoni I entph , H< T "n, 

' . 1 I '. j. ! 1^56, Si'i.at i| ftl t 

. i 1 ii m^i.i. . 1 : ihe 
! 1 r. : •' I h- t9 i nt.-l'-'i hy I. v. 
n • ,1 , 1 'v t 1 1 ;tmp(i l< ■ "1 aik\ < h»th 

1 . •;-;:.[,;. d t. '.XT' P 

' 1 oi ■ ' fc'ben titi i r 1 ' 1 • 



it i> ^utlIv Coming. 



til ...id aui; ..ml 



4c 



is a U-^uM'harj 
til th' 



In it n nddrt^s at Chicago. 

juhll Swil.totl ^ai'l ; "I -luml BOltie 
ytars ago Rear an nval.incln.' in the 
Alps, h could not in- stopped 
hy an injunction. I ihd from a 
1 ' //.i;<! ■ 1 ).iki t i. whii ii could nut 

. thw .nt 1 1 by a. iv court. I felt 
* hi r'ni.i ii- . 1] .in ' arili make in 



ate ' i ; ■' :i hils in >>t» r. 

*hite iav* Iw lru1) Sicily, tthtch cuuW not be quelled 
" L' ndfrth.it system mwi hiw by an rdimn ! in all rheGhicaffo 



11 . . ■ ,i- 1- -. aliialiH ii.'l a ■ arc , 

!• r tin. dwintstlC .uiit: •'- ; 

11 shtffi. I, .1i.1l hss mi 1 iitfe »h« 

a .,- 1 1 nl hil 1 1 . ■'. all tilt • IV 111 

, 1 1 »i ui ihc i I tin a) I K'na ' ■; 

, (ij . >,"■ In t),v tour#^ "I the 
- tin h 1 1 iirv he used the Itilh • t n \i 



;i.i;i'T-i, I haw tii • tint) 1 1 Niagara, 

a liich mi ' 1* tii.' arm) ay^ even 
1 he niihti 1. Lei us disapprove » i 
ill tin •" fi tree* til 1 al rr, imt w hat 
is voitr lark ? It imikes n<» differ- 
L-nce whether r>r not you lavor an 
' irtlupl ike I.. 1 tin- met enjein 



: 

t ' 1 

1 

. 

I 1 .11. S .; - '.' (Will it.-tlMt'- 

' • : I 

\ , , , v \ . 1 .1. il th\im 
1 1 .' tl tlu I'OUtMetnrs ami 

ism tli 1 ■ .'v ill 1 g»fl and alur 

M.i\ ; a. f.c.lit h'ic.i- rJi ill 1 ilUSUlUtt 
a rhty ^ • 1 U lud the >. hi (lute ' 'l 
* .1 ,11 l« js ' ' ut> pel htwir. 
I 1 , ri d h ih -h ;ll l'«- I'a.d i t nver- 
l,i ., until 1 - p. n> • i""' d*mhUf time 
m, vM.ik alter u 1 u. Ai.i Sunvdaya 

., I h linlav f tin hnlcd. 

|i v _ v , \ I, Tli, in. nun ri 1 I 
! , .ii 1 " lion iw 1 have adopt* d tihe 
,,, .,. . irarfe rules : H>e mtotiufli 
jr.,| i,| w . iii hi 351 en'... |M* hmir. 
1)11 eighi h" 1 " day, nil shop* to be 

,|,.. ; ,,e : .J,l\ Itlli mi/eil. vinpl.-ycis n. 

i„ ;1 |i,,,v.d fiite apprentice each 
,.\ . 1 j i .rn years, »ei klv pay, all 
..v 1 !iune in be eotinted doul»te tene, 
StMutoyaaiMi legal Ifc -hdax - m. lu.hd. 

I „. ru I, 1 t.i lake ellect "11 and 

aftei M.n l«t. 



n '• . language '"Thi'mwrneni j.. |. \ vt .],,. S quibbrers ol the 

j.;- iipiibble against it. Let die 
pi .1 hers 'snivel at it as they once 
lild m Mr, K< ir i I irdic. Let the 



a.i_. < «h - end tu a point b ■ rel> sum* 
• i« in to support the laborer and i.nn 
ih . ,iiittal ' annot ;tfi >rd tt»own i.«bor ( 



a I it iii'i-i .i.i-'. Slaverj' ••»♦•! nnitorined terroristi nt the Motdter ; 

■:rr i hohi up their little gUOS 

against it. I'. coming, 

"Crack ■> the eartlnjuake, 
and the lb brew si ives march nut ct 

Flgypt while Pharoah >iuks in the 
R d Sua. Crack, it goes ngein, 
and' the Agrarians 0/ Rome seize 
iM.'n.it ail labui In othei their short swords, ''rack! And 



1 l nglatid in oltti liehcw n> uns 'a\\ 
3 , , 1 ; (roni aa\ r»-'_ .id tu hi < rty 
• .-, ,iu:. auity. The u. n a* • I | opu- 
lal 1 hi in Him ' QUntl y in.i [.r. iduce 
i',i auie towJt*. and Amencan 

-l.e 1 \ , Ml.e that ut I 1: ;. ml. ill.iv 

. it ■ i uthana ia in lh\ ^' iwr il 



p;. 

u 1 nl> 1 battel da\i ty itntls is < i->. 
il, .tin 111 wage Ma'. in. 1 ■ I • •-■!•- 
1 . 1 „ njfn worth find |um b"i" thi si 
t lid. - ' I ) uin 1. 



uld Null \a atop in England Crack ! 
Ami tin M'i:, ut Germany and llun- 
e.irv ■ u 1 v havoc bi line them. 
Crack ! 1 in an ire the forces ol the 
(■"tench Revolution ^i\e death to 
iiinnai hs hmiis head falhi into 
th Ini^ket. Crock! Again George 
Washington confronts George MI. 
Crack ' Agabi, and okl Abe rides 
rbe Xonttan architects displayed ^ e . irt J u ,uake till chattel daverj 



I ne tUqUlalte Care id Nurman 
iSuitders. 



tin it lilierahty and skill in all th* 
buildings which tin v ereci il says 
ill,. •■ An httei 1. " Chapi l«s ancl 
churches, small houses an I [valaces 
1 \hii.;ti .1 doorways, windows and 
si ulpturea design* d and <i r\>ughi 
w lih the utmost t ire 11 1 1 the inosi 
finished taite. Strength »n 
InfdwpenMhlv requisite nurength 
often t<" *"p' rftuitj hut m some 
. ases it saved labor (foi out ancesti 1 
were sometimea ecnuimiists), and 11 
insured tor many agi s the aafi i\ 
nl (heir buildings. Mat« rial » 1 - 
little acOMUlt, and lahor pel hap i»l 



ipi. 

latts, though bruised byenurch and 

editors and capital and Congress, 
and DOOl ill 1 Bin hail. .11 and the uld 

dotard ol die Suj*r*rae Cbtirt. 
Cr» k ' 1 ;*>••- the earthquake now 
and then, again and ag lin the wide 
u .,;,! uv. 1 We ha\' heard it 
jjil |, , in . iur UWll ceimlia \^ nhin a 

century, and 1 • «l ll - il 
,,„ ; ,i n i n. iwrvereigttty ul nabobs 
ui ;l ' ! . . ■ 1 1 \ ' 1 :hi"\*n 

I , , w m ,., 1 1 |ic n 1 1 nun union 
libw '.iininn anytbmu lot itself? 



4 



THE CARPENTER. 



The Carpenter. 

PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY, 1900 



ai'ht.tl ' ' 1 i' iht 



<• no 




The Principle* of Geometry an J 
Their Application in hand- 
rail Construction. 



VIII. 




MORRIS VVILt.lA.M8, fi'KAM'ON. 

T is generally admitted that 
the most dtf Scull part of the 
science pi handrailing is to 
find the correct bevels to 
scpiare the wreaths. Not one out of 
every hundred expert workmen can 
find them under all and every con- 
ditions ; and we may unhesitatingly 
•ay that bat very few ol even those 
at the head of many large statrbutld* 
ing concerns know enough to tide 
them over all difficulties. They 
usually know certain methods, for 
special cases, outside of which they 
are utterly helpless, and often their 
bungling attempt resulting in a 
bungling job, and occasionally a 
spoiled rail. 

We may further say that it is im- 
possible for any one to understand 
this subject thoroughly without being 
well versed in the subjects treated 
upon in these articles. The knowl- 
edge oi how to unfold sections of 
solids, containing as it does the 
knowledge of angles of inclined 
planes, etc , is the foundation of the 
bevels. When this knowledge is 
obtained the difficulty attached to 
bevels will vanish. 

In this article we propose to show 
how to obtain the bevels for variant 
inclination of tangents, and of blocks 
of variant forms of bases, such as 
squares, obtuse and acute blocks. 

Our first example, Fig. 42, has a 
square base, and a centre line of 
rail is assumed to be inscribed 
within it. touching points g, and 
c. and therefore making the sides 
of the base lettered as at g , e and 
c, e tangents to the curve of the 
centre line of the rail. To transfer 
these twp tangents to the elevation, 
proceed as was explained in all our 
previous figures by revolving the 
tangent t, g to the ground line x\ y, 
as shown by the arc 8, rv< 8*. We 
thus find point g'. To find point <f 
place it at the height the rail will 
have to be raised above e, as at e*. 
Connect e* and g 1 , which line w ill be 
the inclination of the tangents. The 
upper tangent c 1 ', e' is in its correct 
position above its plan tangent, 
c % g. The bottom tangent, to be 
in its correct position, must be re- 
volved, as .shown by the arc g' , IP, 
g from point 8" on x, y, to 8 W the 

The correct position of the in- 
clined tangents thus found, standing 



niihi above their respective jrtan t] mil d .-. ■ '■ ■ • ■ ■ ■ - ■ '■ 

. . ■ ■ 1 „,,, ...1 I,, K w I' [ift npiwvtl'V t" Im.l nrilv OlU' TI 

tangents is shown in persneruve n anil f arv rrmn n > »" » - ■ 1 * 

Fig. 4 2 a ^/standing above eW th* l*<UO»1 fongW* irt^C/Wj totgth ul »J» *f> »' ■ < s 

■mt*/ standing above*/. In this geometrical |«wt«.n W from iwwHw the iwdius of the pi art) u<t 

figure they Hre shown i-i their actual pointeptl v » a-.! pr.rin ID the f on » bottom ! • • 1 nuy 

position in relation to their plans ; so upp- r t»i 51 nt f t 0*4* UlC dotted ubo bt f««wl as at | , d: 5< H 



n' 



XT 




also is the argle between them as at hue e (ti s ; :ar" to this !ji}e draw w.»< Me bel :>• > \ : I \. - 

r\ g. in relation to he angle r. a c ; md.r ::n tr; connect a » '. bottom longpnt in its-re* it- 

g, of the plan. We have thus found the bevel ti' 11 a> .it 1 t* revolve f ti 

To understand the nature of the from the upper ta ;eut ami, it is • " nne : 1' A »\ .it >' ' ■ - 1 '* 

bevels we must have a clear concept- therefore to be »p| ed at point «' • t same Iievel as at n a;. '; is s *fl .• 

tion of the actual position as m ell as the Upper tangent . Again fi irt I ;g 42 * a| j' 




45. 



Bf*< 



ll L 



J 



the correct inclination of the t;m- 
g'-nts, because the bevels are ob- 
tained from the tangents when in 
their correct position, as shown at 



point a, and square to the bottom The nitttre of the bevels » ■cl«* f w 

tangent in its revolved position as observ.i,.le in !' ig. 42 a. The UOt* 

at c r, draw m j*t revolve a s" to torn bevel last mcnuoned 

HJ connect « o' ; the bevel *< is to he constm. t.-d of a s<; ,, " , ' ;R " '° 

to be applied at jjomt g, of the the bottom tangent Horn pOUlt'^ 



^ e" ai.d e' g. Fig, 42 a 

In Fig. 42 the bottom tangent e' bottom tangent. In this example point i. 
g, is revolved, as hbown by the both bevels are equal ; therefore in For the altitude and the length (* 



THE CARPENTER. 



5 



,!„.,, iuii 8 **, of the plan for base, In Pig, 43 we have a plan aqd 
, iiinrciini* the altitude and elevation of a quarter nrKice suirwav 



I. i.l tie- l -< vrl at the top and in l-'tg 44 a perspective view of 

"\ ,,j 11 iaugte thus tamed* as the same allowing the block repre- 

: ..: ' MMted ill Fig. 42 .i placed in its 

•j .... .. iple is absolutely the same ac tual posilh/H ; all lines aud bevels 

r' 




„> t! it m derlyi ig tfic i >p eui 1 >f a 

,- •;. [1 s'.c 1 tf>! rafl'T If 1'V 
. nil g the 1) ittQW tangent I f\ 

f it; 4 ^ a. jo be a ..ll ;.l it. , and its 
1 • ■ s,-- lii e i>' <•'. t" lie the rtdge 
tilaie 'if a .sV./ r""!. we find that 



c.irre»D m '. r.-J iji :i itn hgures, 



. pi 

I I'ijj \ 1 the bevel f, is 
died to the wteath, rouk 

' an 1 at ?/ . the be> el re 
: ': ■! securing tin* same 
res dt. In f g, 43 the face mold is 



At 
til >.\ :: .1 

it- ki k 

is aJlOWl 





th* ridge ptate 1- thefength of / .>", 
!■ glier thai- :h<- wall plate. The 
tine c' s", therefore become* the 
ki iglu -it the i' 1 "! from wall plate 
t< ■ 1 ..i^r. The run "t the r» 1 'I w ill 
be the width ol the (die 1. a» from 1 
to e*, The length ol the rafter m ill 
" \ , ami the tup 1 ut the bevel 
shown .it ?, wr! t , eh is the same as is 
required to square ihe wreath, again 
assuming the linej- <•'. to !"■ another 
, wall plate and the upper tangent < ' 

f \ tO be the edge plate of a si:, il 

roof, we would by ih^ same process 
find the top cut ol ihe rafter to he 
thf bevel at v. After the rafters are 
cut in these bevels they will but 
against the perpendular backwnlla 
the iked; this is precisely what 
is done w ith the bevels w befl applied 
tO the wreath; their Bides will be 
plumb while traveling up from point 

■j tO [joint <-', aloii^ the incline plane 
°* its section. 



shown for the same stairway, which 
m e.!s no explanation. 

We may say that Fig. \$ cott* 
tains all the lines uctually required 
to find the face u.< <!* I and bevel for 
the wreath 0! the stairway shown in 
Fig- M« evenalcss number 0/ 

linuS will suffke v. hen the principles 

in- lie. I upon in this article are 
thoroughly understood, 

Tut- New York carpenters have 
adopted > union label and registered 
it with the Secretary of State. The 
dbjtct is to maint.un good wages l->r 
journey -mm and protect fair employ- 
ee who have to compete against 

.heap labor. The label will he 

placed on doors, sash**, h.ir ti\- 

tttrcs, etc. It is said that in some 

Western cities women and children 
are running machines lor the manu- 
facturers of these articles fur three 
dollars per week. 




Horrors ot Wardner's •* Bull- 
Pen." 



The investigation of the action of 
the military and civil authorities fol- 
lowing the Coetfr d'Ahsne mining 
tints is proceeding at Washington 
this week by the House Committee 

on Military Affairs, William Ran- 
dolph Stinson testified at length as 
to life in the- "bull-pen" where the 

accused miners were incarcerated. 
I lis description w as supplemented 
by a large number <if photograph*, 
showing the prison enclosure, COO- 
sisttng of a number of rude shanties 
surrounded by a wire fence. The 
wi;iies.i was a School Commissioner 
and was removed for alle^t-d sym- 
pathv with the miners, and subse- 
quently arrested. I le said the " bull- 
pen " was very filthy. The men 
ate off the ground and the food wan 
bad. There was practically no sani- 

taiv arrangements. The witness 

said his mail was opened. On one 



occasion, when his wife was badly 
injured and was in a delicate condi- 
tion, he was refused permission to 
go to her. 

Mr. Stinson also told of the guard 
house, a part ol the "bull-pen," 
where lie aud others were held most 
of the time. The rain beat through 
it and th*- inmates were soaking wet 
The straw had been trampled into 
the ground and the officers in charge 
of ihe United States forces refused 
to allow hay to be brought in. Many 
drunken suldiers were put in the 
guard house with the accused. An 
army officer, he said, ordered a r.,r- 
poral to take a ci^ar from the wit- 
ness, and when the latter threw* the 
ci>;ar down the officer reduced the 
corporal to the ranks lor not snatch- 
ing it. The officer ordered that the 
men he treated with severity. 



NOTHING is SO indicative of true 
and deep culture as tender consider- 
alion oi the ignorant. 



1.5 



THE CARPENTER. 



[levels, 5ploy* and Hopper 

!t\ T 1< 1 1 ' I . Hi >l Ki 




III cuv< ijiJJ ni U iv. IV 
not col i"i trily c* »ni 1 iw ■ i< p 
the lw.nl of hevct* and 

ty&JVS, Vet [Ju 
the < l n * ^li' >n, i> i is i'n; ■• 1* 



radius P, G, through the divh tW 
in 1! > semicircle i. s*, S i. draw 
& pi j ; lendicular 10 & 1 snii 

thfOtfgh tin; points nil. u" thev ititri 

sect A, C dr iw lines ti > tin- : : ik 1 >; 
I ^fiivv line* also through the points 
i , :. 5, ;, .s. etc . of the strcC, Ed 
to the ; 'i ak I > : then fch'fi rtigh the 
,1 i-. intvrsf tiott* of the lines, from A, 



. in • 1 ij "■ 1 Iniuul 11 liki 

I . i ' 1 .v : 1 1 4 flit* I" r : "IX I.. I || 

, '1 ■ • .) 1 ' line* 1 1 1 



t '. to p. u ith t he seats r«f cylindrical 
fUffacJ s (, .". >■>.'. H, 0, an! /», ./. >. •'. •', 
>lMc In CtWvi a <!i ;\ r. ,l ilfl 1 1 1 IW 1i:lt s ; >,ii .i'Y! toA. l \ flitting 



number ijl ecptal pari* as in 1 . -'■ 
I fro 

r ; f, 111 ' ■ 

: !llt . s 1 l > :.•»'! liir It u :•• 

I 

■ 

• 1 . ■ . i 1 1 1 ■ 1 1 1 1 : t iv l I < 



1 1 



Wlti'S o! I 1 

; ■ 

n! the li 1 



1] fo A I 
< 1 1 il t - > . . ./ 



1 1, r, 1 at* \ l" 

|,V«1 l|" In I I . ' 



1 Hii toil with, nit h.w ifij 



1 ". I > . from t-c 1 1 1 lints of iiiUM < . ir tu 1 1 



rt, 1 " M "»i 

■ 



' .1 
■ 1 ' 





r 



t 



Cirri 



h 




/ 



: 



Fi«i. r,i, 



7; 



t<> tn-\ els and splays ol a high nrdu 1 . section in I I >. and from the n ntre 

and this is tny excuse itvt introducing 1' describe area cutting the radial 

the subject at this stage, lines in the sector D, I* II. in u, . 

A still more difficult problem it to »». v. y, . and ti. A, r. >l. <: and 

cover the frustum oi a cone when 11 curves. trace<l through t!;t- inter 

isc-nthy two cylindric sur/aeei that sections will give the forms «.t the 

are perpendicular to the generating covering. 

section as shown at Pig, 61. Suppose it i- desirable to gi t the 






7 f 1 • \ 

'/it * v 



I Hi, r>2. 



Let us suppose A, K, l\ C, Kig. 
6t, to be the frustum to be 1 nvered 
ami A, fr, C, f5, A F, the lines on 
which the cylindrical surfaces stand, 
Then produce A, K, C F, till they 

meet in the point h. I >< si ribe the 
semicircle A, I! (.', and divide it 
into any number of equal parts, 
and transfer the divisions to the ar< 
C, fl, t)i'%rr\\iPtl frnm I >, iviflt the 



((evetopmem or covering foi tin- 
surface of the frustum of a icalcfle 

si'inirone. \\'e pinfi cd as lulluws 

Lei A, B, C 1 1 i.< r . '•-> I"- ilx- base 
of the ■ ''inii une ; and A, c, I ) the 
plane of its section, i ut Of] tin 
line A, < perpend M alar to the 

base; and lei A, C, I-.. V be the seat 
of the envelope or 1 overing required, 
Then divide A. it, c into snv 



■ 



11 !mi •' 1,1:1 ill 1 1 j 1 

\ •■ A, li. Oi lv I 

••< al -I tl • • 1 'i 11 id 1!. 



>/, . perj" ndicul it 1*1 l*. " v, 
rMrrpcitdienl ,;■••> 1 1 . t , ■. ■ 
ilic')!.,!- to I '. Pj >i ; M •• w . 

to I », !><; 4 _ !. , i I . • J|I||| • 

D, t Thi ■! wt ike ' uwl to 
1 , h > ■ j 1 1 . 1 1 t" i i ■, e ii»a! 1 ■ 
./. etc. dra-A the dotted !•• w 
b /. f» n. II Il , !>• ,1 1 1 : . 
I » ■, 1 1 /<, I i if', whi li a til k 

thr n ttVC lengths of tl. ; - 

rcs|iondiug lines uo the cnveloj I . :.d; • .■• ;•• nfthi 

■ 

■ 

,1 

- 



1 in: , 



I: M, C, of th 



c 



I Hr. 1 1 



the semicoiH as shown u- the 1 no 
■ entrii dotted m *, /, ;•. u h, i 7. 
• o, ete. , desi 1 iitett iroui the point 
I » With di itani es exA* tlv i ipial 
to the divisions C { t» 2, \. li, ul 
the .11 1 A. li, r, get of] fri un 1 1 t!ie 
pointy 1. -■, j, j . 5, etc, to li. on 
the irre»| k mriing ennei ntrii rlutted 
lines, so as thai U, II. will be e<ju d 
to D A. I » 1,. equal (0 I > /. 1 1 :-, 
equal to I » et. ., then drau the 
curved line, C H, through the 
points thus found. The Curv< d line 
F ' .. forming the ionei line ol the 



that is, »/ (i !>« rng 1 i ,; 1 

IDrodlU p B, A, C I >. fo r- ■ ■ ' 
and 1 1 1 k idi' the si mictO h A, 

mtn any numb< t irf < ipial ] 1 1 ' 
1 , 3 1, I.. I 1 1 rm lb« 
druw tin lines , /. .' l ■ 

pel p'- itdii ular i>i A I ». Slid h 

through m n, <>, /■. •/, di ' 
lines cutting U, C, in ? 
• |]|, [Kiiut i draw v t, 
••ti . , pi 1 pi mlii ul. 11 to H ( ■ 
1 nttiii^ the si mi 1 Hip • in 1 . 

file l>iaw K, <«. |"'l 

tn V I ' ; in I- . I '■ mal ■ I v 



■ 

■ 



Hll I 
.Hill 

, sia) 
1 qua' 



■ 



THE CARPENTER. 



7 



• 

1 1 



W'ilal toll* ain <-iv ; - • ii th- ji» r|M H-... i,! ir* fn an I. • .. in tin 

i p- poh>f0 tl. . V, l . ! , 1 1 . . 

t r. i ■ -• i ' hi vi I I-!---, i j I ' ' U -iv. 

paralii t to if ;h> - d : - H £; 
iiftn will Ij ' n <. : 

dvvj \. -j,;... i,t •.! lli* i . Ml q r - 
- j.iii"*' 1 1, 

I : , ... 

.1 ■ 

*A" iiiivd litres, riiii&u ''• tl" 
i-xiunjtli • ItoWfi I i ■ ' " > ' ' - MM! 

.m« cour»i << l>ui| i il I 1 ■ ' 1 i'l ' • 



i 

! »« i • - v *,i mil , , (uither <|rs 
' 

Ipp ■ " W' a:tsh l<i i,i,.| iln i ■ 
■ : 

1 ■ ■ 1 1 I " '' k ■ < m t w< . ; .i i ,t , |. ; J ,!,,!,, , 
i tin 

Hon a«j -hown it l* i". 'ii,. 



■ 



i : ! . tin '-. \ F) C, !' 
I ji - ; ■ -..:-! tl- v nera! - 

i , li nm A, iir ,.». A , i » 
1 A I;, ami j*r« • 

i ii in r \, I 

, !• rJi - ii,i' i- '• aiwl I ■ i",-!' i 

• • to K, fV \ iy tlh diuj; 
. I i il ;.«:'-. .t.-l M'ltblg oil 



i-!.i- Di I'M ".: OJ " ui 
' 

-I. I 

ii :l Un ' . aiul In 



■- ■ | 

, e-pii n i -I ill- ' lh' P*. & 1 ;t ;s 

totmrit-hii g .that < oitiVl i ii ' > 

.1 v i . kt.i [i Wl»i n I ■■ t.i -.. ■■- il ■ fh 

, u|i job -a Eh i iff ii f»h !:. ■ ■ ' ; :J'' 

i ,}' lltl U '■ '■• '[ ir< ::•!•? ' I ; ■ ' W*«tU 
an I the il I) to ♦ : i ri | • iji i . 
Boides, i *• kflwlrtly' bi<* h i 1 ■ - j 
\ahi- lbs » i" ■ tr- ■ - I * (all] '•> 
return 1" the owner i ten »i • in hi- 
inve*tmi il • f it' f • »d ,,!, ly- 



True Friendship 



Sen mi 
. i . , 



- 3 



I 



: r 



, . • >li\ 



. .1! 



ill i t I'm 



.!:-. is|i iriii ' -f ill' 
,it r ^lit i: 



K, G, 
^. mi 



frientl^ip - ' , , -"i ,r "-- 
lovcij i \- ept hy {jcr* ma i ; n 1 

tcr. TbtWC •*:!'». 1, - « 9 I ;,• t 

wbiiti ."-'I ' V w 'ii ft - *-' i tl t 
r('.it ; ')ii irom chtWCC ; n strtvily, <-r 

,]«•:•.. .tstK P irt»ctting the i '■' r flttiws 
, i life i'i W iu ljj»«*pon ol :'• eVmB. 
niu^t f. .r- \(-r ri-iti.iiii tL'ti-'r.ir.t W il.-- 
tli'l-ti.. th- solemnity nm\ Mcwd 
iu'ns < . f wlii. h fii- tufehip i- caj aliK 1 
Kmerson s.n n.i "I Wi frtendshtpi 
hurry w rt antl poot < nndiiBi i s 

i ;i ti \ 



i - 1 ; lit i i per cDiit. The Joss o| 
ntnouitt t> . $fo i.o if as 
t!i company cleared $>$o,i/*\ lo 
j 1 1,. ., tog. tticr with the ( hs- 

[i , . fu1 cu 'l.ti-i!! into «.hl h the 
.- It»ny tack ha fallen, the COS! of 
i„ ; rU"ic":tivc4, the purchasing of 
nc\ i ; . law i <peilSCS and minor 

tl \ Will f at'h rlov t" psoo.ooo. 

We have I ui^ht themalesson, We 
h fithowit thera that wfcenlaboria 
ij] -.-.i nnd <!•■:' i iniiiLil. and has 
i-i- it does t;« «t pay to 
., • b i ■ - it. Puhllc sentiment is 

• , '.: . • ill u f, l .- -n in this 

■ ■ ; .;.!.. r the ruad doesn't pay, 

. m null tii- v come to tr-rms we 
... i : ,! ■ i .i fighi next ^nmnicr that 

.;! furtl tet »i k them in a hole. 
\ . ■ i ,,-ir th inks for yOitt gener- 

i - I-, in. I practit al iiici . 

I he Journey. 

. . | . t , ••• in I - r- -eu ..I' ni.tl-l 

■ 

■,, y _ « Mln'l I MM 1 I ' 1 

i,. ... i i, s- iii rw wy 

, .. :, i| ||.' re-' U,i a«i-li- «li< 

',■ 

\, .. .. . . r.| »• i'-' --f 

0' 

■ 

►t ii ... ii. ... tr.iM-liu' nt--ii|t 

■ . tUi II bii >"-> i.*'"' 

i 

I •>..H" '.S ft-' Jli' *>i.i- it 

- »■. 

i, . . | j . r. in »-> i t*n flu it- ••p-' j" 11 

n II «. 

- . .1 ,*i \ . . ^ .■ ' ,»n- w r--y 

! ■ . . 1 1 - Ii Tuli lllil rj, 

I . f j <i ; i • „i y .'i Ii IMI »t til tit- I iu' 

,\ i. ' ,,..» r i In I - ii 1 ' 1 1 1 

\i . ..... I •! ! .'lull* 

1 .• •.. , i : ' .t- h I. >. -in ii ■ trav . I r .ilollg. 

— W MIltXtilttM Si m:. 

The Poor and the kkh. 



ik tn 1 .iii-i- a-e h I'.t.- in 



I iii in 



in mi et th-- 
1 1. nnd i'. C, in -'- I - '■ "' 



.1 - • - ■ 



■ 

r.i I'm in 
n u-i. m . 
'"it . mi 5, 

It 111 - in I , 

■ 'i ii mi 



, m\d fi 1 iin 
-iw- aiili i!i\ 



ih< -i'i 1, 

liKi'itl' n> 
IILlLf i In 
l]ir . ! I \ . ' - 

. . niahi- ; I I ' -I" 'I t" ■ 
I I Hi h m ni-.-ler --! ih'" 

i imiitt. t in- liffurex 



.S. 7 » 



ture .>f fiber t>! the h«tn;t*i h< ar', 'I he 
laws of fn- ndship an auwere md 

eternal "I i, ' u ' vv ' M t '"" ' l ' A ' ' : 
nature sod ol morals. Bui ft - h*ve 
aimed -» ; u i ; t ami pett) I • t - lit ri ■ 
sii- ii a sudden sa;«wtfl< w. We wtati it 
at the di i*e*t 11 wit ! " ,1( ' * ni ''' 
garden "t <h--l. »ht< ii m^oy swoi 
ini'ts ami nmny *'»nt< r- mum ripen." 

• • • 

London Street Car Strike. 

|os-yh T. Mail s. - i etai y i I tlte 
Uondon Strei t Railway I mpU»j & 
tiiion. 1 h\ ison No. 97, "t ' l '.'- lnt« 
national body, iu acktH>»h-d|{int« the 
receipt "< -' ;,f> front the l*n ted 
brotherhood oi Canv ntcts nnd |»«in 
ci> i li Winnipeg r Local I i< ill , ; i ; 

s • " We .»'«* still in rtie ligl I 
and thia, the ninth i i'h ol th- 

sii ii-;-^1.', short's tun inCH i'iiii. .1 and 
i. ink-, iinl-n ki n l'ln puhllxhl 'I 

"l„ ii throtigh "the iwtewee;- atattwent ni the eomp.»n> shows 

n n . )<t lh< ..Himai.s ..I the si-mi- thai the coat ol o^tating the road 

;,. ft ith th.- line AH. dra* th.- m 1*90 was $60, 1 h-- than re 

.. ■ t j j v> etc, paraUd ceipta. notwithstanding utat the ni I 

u , A (i.ilnd where th<-ie intersect lour months oi the yeat show..! an 



, t, . rhrough 



the divisions on 



l 1 ;. d>r.t« liiui l" rpendicular to 



Hie p' - >r, Th« rich. Will any* 
bi «iv st . 1 i tp an I -ay that it is h-st 
have thi le two classes only in the 
community ? 

hn't ii better i" have >i K rVtit 
middl nq c\ i-s. neither very poor 
pr»r v»*ry ri h ' 

The ■ !i heifly poor man is to be 
liit'n't] He 1* * shive to the lowest 
, ,., . jittos - t his I'.un-. He imii- 

ij : ; p . i»hi ra. 1 1* . tmuu help 
himseil pity him. Perhaps 

|i.» . MVely r- h sht -uM be pitied, 
So douht thfy have '.nt-ir 
rouljl Bin the nation that can 
It, ild .-iii a gre prosperotM mid- 
, . , , m ti Jt . ideal ttation-. This 
j - itat the tetovie*s "i l hi s 
RfpuMii hail in mind when they 
M .[, r , 1 th«' 1 '* claratiun of Imh 1 
■ .. uditrci and iramed iht CVmsiitu 

'.• -n 

I; |, -i , lH Vi till the pi'i'pa' I" **y 

ut-het tei thi t miU '- ,,rv " nl tfce»<**Ba» 
,,, ; f, , : . ders ol the nation or not. 
I , '.;.,,! 1 .1.1:1! monopolies 
,,. , r m itjj all over the land, 
< i,„ ol th- most dreaded is the 
i di p"l\- 'it***** J ' ra: - 

tier, 



8 



THE CARPENTER. 



THK CARPENTER, 

i M i U UI lOUBNAl *D I mi 

United Bretherhoud oi Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

PiaMMtwl Munlltlj on ||te l ififfniri m nlcb i N 

■I 

Lippincolt Building 4to N. Twelfth Stnvt, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. J. MrGUIRE, Editor and Publisher 

Emeri-d it tha I'oat- f >i!„ ,. m l , tnl 1 Jelrri^. H 
tctond-cli»> mattei 

Subi^KiPiMN I'HiLt — Flft\ cent* a vm, In u 

vane*. po*tpi)4> 

Address ail kttari anj WQaiy la 

P J. Medium, 

box S3,. Cii idJ.iplii*. fa 



PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY, 1900, 



The Dignity of Labor, 

Labor, honest labor, is mightv 

and beautiful Activity is the ruling 
element of our live?, and its highest 
relish, luxury and conquest, are tin- 
results of labor. We can irru^ine 
nothing without ;; The noblest 
man on earth is he who puts his 
hands cheerfully and proudly t<. 
honest toil. Labor is a business and 
ordinance of God. Suspend labor 
and where are the ^lory and pomp 
of the world ; the fruit fields and 
palaces, and the fashioning oi matter 
lor which men strive and wage war? 
Let the labnr-M-oiner look to him- 
self and see what are the trophies. 
From the crOWU of hi* head to the 
>ole of his foot iie is the debtor and 
slave of toil. The labor which he 
scorns ha i converted him into a 
statue and appearance of a man. 
Where gets he his apparel and 
equipage ? Let labor answer. 

Labor, which makes music in the 
factory, shop and mill, scorn not, 
man, who never yet earned a morsel 
of bread. Labor pities you, proud 
fool, and laughs vou to scorn. You 
shall pass to dust forgotten, but 
labor will live on forever, glorious in 
its conquests and achievements. 

Labor, the mighty magician, noes 
forth into a region uninhabited and 
,i dreary waste : it views earnestly 
l fie scene so quiet in its desolation; 
then weaving its wonder-working 
hand, those bare hills and valleys 
smile with, golden harvests. The 
furnace blazes, the anvil rings ; the 
sound of the hammer and saw and 
the humming of the mighty engine 
are heard on every hand. The 
town appears, The mart of com 
merce, the hall of science, tfie tem- 
ples of religion rear high their lofty 
towers, and far off regions make it 
their resort Science enlists the eh- 
ments of earth and the heavens in its 
service ; art, awakening, clothes its 
strength with beauty ; civilization 
smiles and liberty is glad ; piety ex- 
ults, for the voice of industry is 
heard on every side. 

Workmen, walk worthily of your 
vocation. You have a noble calling, 
I Kftgfgee it not Stoop not from your 



lofty throne to defile yourself wiln 
irtempcrence, licentiousness or any 
form of evil. United labor, .iliied 
with virtue, true honor and worth 

may look up to heaven and not 
blush; while all the worldly dignities 
prostituted to \ ice, will leave then 
owners without a coiner in which to 
hide their shame, You will success 
fully prove the honor of toil by illus- 
trating in ymir own person its alliance 
with a sober, rightf< 'US and godly life 
The men of toil who work in a spirit 

of obedient, loving homage to God, 

do no less than clu rnhitns and sera 
phinis in their loftiest flights and 
holiest songs. 

Labor united will achieve grandei 
victories and hold wider sway than 
those won b\ the world's greatest 
generals. Their names will become 
tainted and their monuments cri'.ni 
ble. but united labor converts battle 
fields, made red by the blood of brave 
man, into gardens, and Ctectl monu< 
ments significant of better things 
It rides in a chariot drawn by the 
advancing civilization. It writes 
with the lightning, 1: sits crowned 
as a queen in a thousand cities and 
towns, lifting hundreds and thou- 
sands of laboring people from th« 
depths of poverty t> bright, int^Hi 
gent, virtuous and useful lives 

United labor sends up its ro.ir of 
triumph from a million wheels, ii 
glisten* in the fabric oi the loom 
it rinys and sparkles from th»- steel 
hammer, it glories in figure* of 
beauty and grace, it spe,ik> in word-. 

of power, it makes the sinewy arm 
strong with liberty and tin- poor 

man's heart rich with content neat 
It crowns the swarthy brow with 
honor, dignity and peace -. ,t brings 

comfort and joy to the pt, ti . Kin's 
hearthstone and places before every 
bright young mechanic of the country 
the brightest prospects of n nobler 
and higher life 

Where is the honest toiler who 
does not love a comfortable and 
happy home? But in the opinion 
of the writer, very few will ever be 
able to sit under their own home and 
rig tree except through the channels 
of trades unionism. So don't sit 
in hope with arms folded; fortune 
smiles on those who roll up their 
sleeves and put their shoulder to tin 
wheel. You cannot dream voursrli 
into a character. You must ham 
mer and lorge yomself one. To 
love and to labor is the object of 
living, yet how many think they live 
who neither love nor labor. The 
man or woman who feels above labor 
and despises the laborer shows a 
want of common sense and forgets 
that every article that is used is the 
product of more or less labor. 

The noblest thing on earth is 
honest labor, skilled labor, and when 
well organized will bring order out 
of chaos. It turns deadly bogs and 
swamps into grain-bearing fields, it 
rears cities, it adorns the earth with 
architectural monuments and beauti 



ties them with works of ait. It 
whltem the seas with the wings ot 

commerce, it unites distant states 
with bands of railroads and brine- 
foreign countries into direct cow 
munication by thousands of roues of 
telegraph wire* 

Yes. labor was oi divineju igm 
but Got) ill that command did not 

intend thai man should be doomed 

to a life el Slavery tO Satisfy die grr« 
of a few .qgaittSt tin' ni.niv We be 
lirve the nun who works at the 

bench, .*t the machine, at the prcs- 

or at the forge is called asimich .i- 

the minister of the gi >spel and should 

receive the respect that is due him 

No one should disgrace labor by 
simply taking anything he can get 

Because God did not intend, \vhe:> 
he -aid. "in the sweat oi thy fac< 

thou shalt earn thy bread.." that •• 
man should labor in a -lavish man- 
ner an l not receive the jusl rewards 

for his labor, but that everjroiv 
should receive'a living, and wherevei 

honest toil fails in this respect, it 

shows there i- something wrong- U 
is either upon the part of th*- em- 
ploye, who may not be in a position 
to demand a living wage, or it may 
bo on the part of the employer, who 

is not willing tO live and let live 
Whenever one agrees to labot for at: 

amount that is not sufficient for him 
-If :md family, disgraces labor, does 

..' swlr and family an injustice, .Old 

retards the? progress of the com 

Rtuniiy. 

Workingmen, t.iketlns home with 
you and think over it. Let tabor no 
longer be disgraced, but irt every 
honest toiler come to the front ami 
stand by the principles of united 
labor, and vh tory will be the result 
for the workingmen of this country 
— K ' Carpenter " in Jacksov.. tile Di^ 
p.itch. 

Places Where Work is Dull. 

Owing to local trade movements, 
suspension of building operations and 
other causes, carpenters and joiner- 
are requested tO stay away horn the 
following places : 

Birmingham, Alabama ; Colorado 
Springs, Col. ; Cripple Creek, Col 
Denver, Col. ; Victor, Col. ; Bloom 
IngtOn, III. ; Canton. 111. ; Lincoln, 
III. ; Alpena Mich. ; Minneapolis, 
Minn. ; Kansas City, Mo. ; St. Louis 
Mo. ; Butte, Mont. ; Helena, Mont. ; 
Omaha, Neb. ; New Orange, N. J. ; 
Buffalo, N.Y. ; Oklahoma Cily.O.T. ; 
Scranton, Pa, ; Taylor, Pa. ; Seattle. 
Wash.; Cleburne, Tex. ; Los Angeles, 
Cat ; Asheville. N. C. ; Cedar Rap- 
ids, la. ; Charleston, S. C. ; Wilkes- 
I Jarre, Pa. ; Savannah, Ga; Corsi 
cana, Texns; Bueblo, Colo.; Iola, 
Kan,; Philadelphia, Pa.; Chicago, 
Ml.: Mobile. Ala.; Salt Lake City 
Utah. 

Do not tie deceived by advertise- 
ments in the Eastern or Western 
papers 



King l.nbor 



; Mp •haratfc* mil l ii. ,« • r , g a 

i, H (IftllMi <!>" I>iiri>it',r.| , 
rnjgu » l.rra I ,« cr.T«l» (HijaUln llftfj 

M a i urn* u.- pooiltn, i* *i,, . 

M * rral ii. 1l tbaacM't a Mltiiwj , 1 1 .> 
Wl,»t. it. tli t'i tit < - -in hj<- r laid* 

M > •*»)', * ii*ra tin, wil l r,,;,i ,„ ( ,, n . 
i ' L ti.l uir , ,' rmg^v i,r ,w 

i Kimintaa u m **+!■> Ilia patn t ■ , „ ., 

lit tr n !• an I 111 ftulUgl i, s ' 
an I | »»• Villi tin Itpa »f till faa<-> f ,i . 
I nt lail t It, .ai thl ll 

\n I j n.rtl ||m ii in: - •) ■ 

Willi ii'iitri a l-oul Ml . hall,, 
In tl i an,i«r I gill ot |b« l« Id 'a ■ 
• i ar tli« 6*1 It of it Man en, 

Mn 1JICM ii |VM 'I. a r.» k I i.,' a • 

tii tt.a I. id. I'll ,l'| • l,i of »ir'l. . 
*t, ! u;t I n -It l.f: III ■ r*ia .ad c«>» 

Ifi' I « i i*a*i v Wftf'.h 

\n t Dtf 10 the M rtr. al.'ilvti! .| mtli'U 

M» <•• (• f« «|-<a» llimll 
M>(1 tl.rt- I ' '«| »ail hit bWIUca 

T»l li.m II, a' I .»i- in » r* ► :i 

I I.- r ■■! f . ii, J r» t.. I w r, i 
Wt.ira 'l.« i r, • ..' k . . a. 

\ Ii I it »■ I.. I nn: f ti :- 1 It I 
W i tr t:. f f ii I ». 

: 1 'IH'"t n,!.l It ll *■ I 

III 't.l t ■ I ll fi ll, l' I -r it 
1 » •>- ••»•! I f 11. y ! r • • a • t ..... 

T i 1 t 1 » i .•• rn ir:.- I I ,• 

\ Bqtll Ii I »!.a-a, .» .• ... 

V">m t:i» ' ti . li 1 ■ ■ • * 
rt'l.il- a ,i>ri i>ia» r > r ■>* ■'. f , . 
I r. |P| a»r lh«U ij mm) » 

/ 'a' * ■ 



British Workman's Ualla.i 



» 1 ■•' I' «!•• Ki| ling • ' I Hum 
• i: .>■.■.•, u vrU*f 1 ■• ' ■ r 
ii tllnr *iib Ui* 1 (. «i. ►.• ■ a .1 • • ■ 

'i,.tH4 . i i.» «»,,•, mai •; j »• a< Vlllf ' " 
I iir r .. s ,,k.r in 1 |..« it] ■ 

I * «'•. ...)■! Mat) n wi\h a -a i. i a r i ' , - I 
< 1 I ' • I ) I ■ at a i a It ] | ■ x 

'U' Mrav I 

i -j. nt«| at a «h . ,. "I, a at ... 

I I''*'" 

II a ii. 17 t 11,. ,,, 1 ., , i.arir !,)•• in 1 • Ml 

Bir - Hi f II.,-,. 

' "•, id ' 1 wyevg " nl ' ■ 

" I 'BO: ti tt... \aj I ui," 

Hal tt'i "tltaH 'i.- Etrltlak vorkwu 

lull 4 l«l 1I,H11| 

Or l.t I 1 boa al..i ,1, in, li-la il... > a I I- i 

■boat: 

"ti iti' \i\tm ii.' Hr.tui, **rb««n, »• 
hv'lol i ,.« tboai 

I lirnrk f,.r l*«tl*4 "af t. ai, I |h ■< ti I > • ■ • 

M, 

St, I lb« mntif btSUalM luan-lr UMd 1 ■• t 

Mil i 

w. 1 vhtu iti* fclA* mi Mima| w4 ■ 1 • 

iiur 1. it. , 

> 7 ailfttSfatl Hi" r »li..»IJ»ii. in I * « 

II tirri.1 rbjfci 

r..i H i 1 Raja |„ 11 niiilfT." lOi.lll w.. . 

•lid 1 lima, 

lini li'i i*| 11,1,11 ,,' libf'j ,.(«'■• 1 ' 1 
I i ma 

Ju»t limit all., Hun tuna, ma lali, Jltll ll 
• l«>i» tuna . 

oh. IC " „.| iighi, ..' liW j.iit «bdu»« ' 
lioK 

I hi ll/.; ai.il I 'm ' ,lk n,^. ami a n «n » • 

•UM, 

Ami I ill. r,„ If*), ami B0mn)«m liL' » ' 
Ibkrbtii, 

I'm i-lfaK( ti' ,iu an Ilia mill !• i'nl "if 1 
tin rah i, 

Ami iVrny auilrd 1 |. , t wi.il <tm bvpp> ' ' " 

'MM 

Kir l«« \V«rbln K iiieii mrr iluflp ml ' ! " 

nam wnilii i gum j " 
lint ii'i " Rrtlllh Imiie imliltiaw" wlian iliay «anH 

ymir bJOMBtol vut«, 
*b*7 w»nU villi r lilmimi-ijr i.ilt, Mf l« J - **' 

Winn ytmr lilnoinliig vutn; 
Oh, Id «■ 11,11 Kl, t»an „„| Utva* " *h.m 1 • 1,,t 

font li)i mining am 



rME CARPENTER. 



9 



General Officers 

id li: ■ 

I [flj cd Brotherhood ol Car 

I -iters Atld joiners 

ol America. 

Jff . Ot GENERAL SfCRETARY 



1 



i • % :•■ V 1 . -if j Street 
I*1W i ! ■ i iin, I'» 

I I I ^ .1 . » » 1 t S *. > 



RAt secnKTAKT'incAaunrn 

i it p, 

, 1151 »iGC-i , «t5'0lNt. 

'\ I ' «M IMl'J.V ' " ■' ■ ' ' Nl II 
■.ic'iND v ->r- p«r «iDr ni 

Vk ' '1 * i 1 1 -ill ' i', V„„ ».,,, „ 

;eMtHAi utcutwt 

4 ■ ■- - f • »,t (i I I: '•.<.■•» . 

■ • i I •< » I'Mr . I 'ras .t»- 
, • ' t N 1 » I •• • • V 

I i v , t „ n< . 1 i«i W . • r tjj I- 

\!t ,' -*- I' «r n Hi'M ■ . | ■ r 

•a W(| I : j W! . m * •• v , -j, >,« 

Why I rade i ni'in arc i:ffi- 

c;u urns. 

' frjj - ■ .•• :!.'■ r is the at Ini I w 
trUl ti - : lin i r . irti It k< ■ •» ;t~ ' 1 1 
sti I tr. •• < "in;, i I an I aoju 

•::'!(! i . jiy pre - .i 

^ : the ». 1 ■■» ,t w<\\ . .t !»'r- i : 
oat iii »c t ' ■■ ■ «w iinti [»i 

v.r Mr I .' (•! . •■■ I li|f ! 

'!.'• i! ••• 1 ,n\f ,v.<-\' ,p »'•• bulwark 
■ : ■ 1 ri ii '!■■: in i,i v mil hj 
: ■ •. ■ - T - It. |;.:m:> t! * fjnSll 

I •. I . r ;.. „j.. r , '. gt< -.j ». 

Psj ; •:.»':.! 1 I..- r- >i;:.vr.: o; t'," 
SI .":i:i-:it ft| Sltvaii >U <l the 

rtpire, < Irjs* mi. cl labm -!." « - 



1 , 



tv ri 1 Iv 



with ut i!-. 



iraj ; iig* WIi Se adi ill log tin' 
ti' 1 : .'.i- pi i\ jlcg< - a:M 1 1| 'pi rrtil 
Blties to ih- Ojtrtn *j»< '1 1 I i:i"ti-. 

(Iias fought igaiiisi t!if incri 'asitig 
it .. .11 tli !}>1 itTtncfJt ■ ■! 

Anieri m ivoi kmcn li\ ih* I i.\»>r 
'•it on nod einjiliiyi! i»;.t nJ c}j( ap 
•an 1: l'r"in ?. : . !.»■■"!>. 

1 -"!<■ i> n ri .hi industry (outlay 
*'hii !i it iKtl ' > \ ' rnwili « 1 with w "rk 

;.. u ||( , ^ utttly \>h\i I fur ,tii 

opj^irtutiity to \\".k. Many etui 
pa L^arc driven Ihittt itie I IW World 
byartilK ial lait>int<4 ■ .» . 1 ! ia 1 h< 1 .i--t 
boUlin^t »>f tlir wi.iMiv 1 Us*, ii'"! 
titled iamilics. It li the titl< d land* 
^r.i iber who i">< iaj cmigrati m by 
dmihl ng tlx- rants oi tli« I ti wei and 
s n» »ll land holder, < victing t li e- 
patient, willing lotler t and dfivini? 
Um old or leeble to the workhouse. 

' 1"' '^-riip.ii. ..t,-, oi (Miiij;r.intfl who 

•rtive in this *.-( luntry .»rr very varied. 
For the five yean ending ,u:k " V't<> 
the Icnnwn professions com 
prised 9,140, ami included musicians, 
ttachera, ctergymen, artists, sculp- 
,or s. physicians, and odors. There 
Wrr " 2'>5,^.,h wi 1(1 claimed tn be 
skilled mechanics, including in.ui- 
w»i shoemakers, carpenters and 

^ncrs, i, t i[ orH ai1li dj^a makers, 
miners, cl.rks, blackamitba, masons, 



weavers, bakers, butchers, tobacco 
workers, barbera and painters, TIip 
greater projHnrtion oi workers is to 
be lovtnd in the mfsceJianeous oceu- 
patoat« 'l"t. -... re|»rt«ented 7.;. 1 jif-r 
' rn rjis,<!38 oi rhe total, in« 
eluding v,(, i, laborers, t^t,ooo 
servattta. rot.ooo (armers, 24 <-.<,■ > 

nei r ant «!r-.i]e.r>! ot peddlers. ( M 
■ • - there w ;. large class r.f enij. 

■I ii ■, termed " birds ol passage," 
who remain unty temporarily in the 
1 'nited Si w \ returning to th<-ir fnr- 
■ ign I imi 1 after having earned suf- 
fi ieni kf^jj tlirni In comfort for 
.» ie**on. Alonn th< Canadian bor' 
di rt!.( v pass tn and fro daily, while 
ihu - from Europe rome here in the 
spring ami go ba< k in the fall, the 
number ol sn h cannot be deter* 

M il .' 1 ii\(t it is I relieved t« he very 

large 

1 1 • !"» unions, tlif outcome ot or- 
<•.!/••• i ].»'•« <t. .ir<- endeavoring, by 
having itnde>irahte immigration rr- 
*ti :r>-I to put a st"ji to this, therebv 
improving the ond tion ol the labor' 
tnfi 1 !.is-e> gen Tally. It is reported 
by : • i ti ii ma that id | six years 
\: ■ rnemhets were displaced by 
ei rants and f'l^.ir.i/Mtions 

havi g .. membership of --,31s de« 
' ! that the term oi employment 

• •• tl 1 -'• meinbers materially les- 
sened, witi) .1 resn'Mni; ric -rease in 
a age 1 in us by 'he surplusage of 
alien ! 1 ir < .* ercn wdii u. the trades. 
|te rtase in Wage«i through surplus- 
age 1 rj labor 1 ihh.-s -iriki-s. 

Mj::\ j it? • |e are as i :uhi"Tr-r*-nt to 
tin ' ■*:'•. t oi ( ik< 1 i tin y are to 
Th>- u^r. They h'-<r that the J»rin- 
■.:-.ire«.:i -tr:k'-. Of it may be the 

street railri «d employes or one vi the 
building leaden; they read that some 
thk'U&ai Is oi iloakmakers or cap- 
makers 01 l< , 1 c ;..i;n- makers aieon 
strike, and ease their conscience of 
any further in |utry by remarking 
"are tluwe ea»t*siders striking 

again?" never faring for the cause, 

• 1 r dream aft »1 tlie eiiect Km- 
tWayers are often unscrupul'*ua in the 
advantage they take of emigrant 

labor, forcing OUl tried nnd faithful 

employes, and introducing emigrant 
lab ir on account Oi it- cheapness. 
< i i v by restr pti .i. ■ on emigration 
(-.,', Ial tt dissatisfaction be altayed 
and »trik< ome a thing of t!u- 

past Organized labor as a disci- 
plinarian haif been so fai most effica- 
cious u In- already compelled 
v;u'..i department stores to treat their 
employes equitably, It fights f<>r 
light, airy rooms: seats tor the sales 

i„ i,. ] reform in the system oi 

iinr-, , vacations with pay, aw) re*--- 
nmpense f' 11 overtime. 

It entitles the American working 

woman to the same protection in 
hei attempts at bread winningwhich 
the American man revives, and 
docs not recogniae, as many believe 
ii dot s, sex distinction. With such 
conditions there is little call for dis- 
satisfaction or sti ike , it prevails in 
the foundry. 10 the paint shop, in 




PERFECT-ALWAYS 

Black Diamond Files and Rasps 



1 

1 TWELVE 

I 

1 MEDALS 



# 

I I 
I I 



AWARDED 




AT INTER- 
NATIONAL 
EXPOSITIONS 



FOR SALE EVERYWHERE 

Q. & H. BARNETT COMPANY 



L PHILADELPHIA, PA 

Tools for Woodworkers 



We carry a full line of 
first-class tools, of the 
standard makes, at fair 
prices. 



^y^cFadden £ompany 
73a Arch Street Philadelphia 




the tailoring establishment, in the 
contractor's yard, in the print shop, 
and wherever the welfare ol the 
working man is looked after by a 
trades union. In such places the 
labor is skilled, intelligent and faith 

ful, and the natural result is pros- 
perity. 

The greatest enemy that organized 
labor has to contend with is ignor- 
ance. Trades people, small mer- 
chants, manufacturers and con- 
tractors are ignorant of the benefi- 
cent results of a trades union. 

Potter Palmer, the muhi-milliou- 
aire, for ten years made as desperate 
a *i;4ht against organised labor as 
ever was made by mortal man. It 
CO»t him more than $1 ,000,000 to 

realize that there was ^o labor so 

skilled, m) intelligent, so faithful as 
that which was governed by an 
organization whose laws recognized 
that employers have rights which 
labor must respect, and whose offi- 
cials are Well balanced, level-headed 
men, who can distinguish between 
tt al and imaginary grievances, Mr, 
Palmer says ; " When the men in 
my mills first organized and sent 
their committee to me to discuss 
qUCStlOttS at i*suc between us. my 

indignation at their presumption was 
unbounded, and 1 discharged them 
all and precipitated a strike. 1 em- 
ployed non-union lafa ir, and in ten 
years I bad transformed one o( the 
best paying plants in the West into 

an alnfost hopeless wreck. Every 

thing went wrong Men got dt link, 



machinery broke down, product wis 
returned, orders turned down, ex- 
pense increased, and revenue dimin- 
ished until one was nnable to meet 
the other. I finally realized my 
mistake and corrected it, and I now 
employ none but organized labor, 
and never have the least trouble, 
each believing that the one has no 
right to oppress the other." 

Tli is fight by Mr. Palmer was the 
result of ignorance. The men that 
he employed in place of union labor 
were to a large extent ignorant 
men, drunkards, a menace to their 
employer's interests, criminal and 
incompetent. Other large manu- 
facturers besides Mr. Palmer, and 

many of the great trusts and monop- 
olies have realized the vital impor- 
tance to communities of trades 
unions. — Bxck&ngt, 



The Careless Orator. 



An orat >r in Missouri got off the fol- 
lowing : " We live in a land of high 

mountainsand high taxes, low wages, 

big, crooked rivers and crooked 
statesmen, big lakes and big strikes 
big drunks and big pumpkins, hig 
men with pumpkin heads, silver 
streams that gambol in the mountains, 
and piOQS politicians that gamble in 
the night, roaring cataracts and roar- 
ing orators, fast horses and fast young 
men, sharp lawyer aat t , financiers, 
and sharp nosea gossips, fertile 
plains that lie like sheets of water, 
and thousands of newspapers that lie 
like thunder." Argonaut 



IO 



THC CARPENTER 



The ! "!i<i' hi i ■ I 



fii 



* 



: 

I 

>!: ows \ . \ . , 1 ' • • i ■ i ■ "< • ■ 

joiners' ufi c»n i \,, .- 

dm:.. 1 1 1 i i SrM< n n I .: .■ 

national s > :■ 1 1 tiui ' > ■ < « • i •• 

■ . ■ 

;••,'»:., i»k i. " . 7.1 1 in 

i i \ '■ : i fit- A <■ 1 S . j 

f*»1 Si » :i.md I i ' * t'i> Ii llw*S. 
■ j. ; ; i ;];■ irthi fa ihri ? ;,! 
fundi . v. );'! ■ ; 1 ■ I . tm r ' !*ni 1 had 
20 ) branch) - , '. in- ml x an 1 

.■ 

wtT" lht; V ■ loan 1 »t< I ■■■ii 1 '['•■ 1 1- 
fcive Carpetit • ; ; i , ' • • 11 mt* nl 1 : 
am! tiir Per* veruri e C f 11 ■' ■' fs oi 

London with any 1 ■" fl 

A'li i!u-r d< 'ay. < I return ih&U *[')] 
the strike and In 'fc> it oi i> . . , . 
a:'on!s interesting ,...r\ •!.-. There 

[{together 711 dtspuTfs eni« 
bracing directly '. indirectly . 
907 men nt women and 1 ntsinii a 
total [06 i of over lift< vn rmlli 
working «l lys, Out ••: tl" ••• i v ; 
disputes) affecting in the gt «s , >. 
6S4 individual* and covering 1 total 
of 379 1 7 1 ► win Icing days, m allotted 
i' ' the building trade?. Upwards . i 
% score ui tlic-i' disputes ir.tima'elv 
concerned the carpentry and joinery 
trades. 

The biggest rtl (hcjSC w.n 1 . . 
days' sirme .tt Edinburgh and Leith. 
No fewer than 1.445 craftsmen came 

nut mi Apr;) 15th against a prwj OSed 
fedoctii > < 1 in the e^tra rates hit over- 
time. In the previous year mutual 
c< infer* ncea had removed all trouble? 
except tins .in-, which had been 
hanging about t<a >■ et si «. montl 
After tin- two days, however, fhe 
empli i_\ 1 ra gave in and ugr< • 1 1 
continue [wying ii-' ifd raw - 

]*he :iext largi -1 v» -i-. in I Iradli 

an<l the surr 'iimiini; * I i - 1 1" j ■ \ 1 , 

May 2d, 800 carpenters and ra 
struck for a raise n wagea {mm if> 
t> < 17 cents per htyur and ; i 1 edw ( l> "\ 
in tin- ,\ inter Ii' rora ' ii I. tin <t . 1 >n 
fune nth the advance was granted 

Upon the men agreeing to waive thi" 

winter hours question. 

(hi the Kanve date in May, 300 
carpenters struck ..t Vork i<>r an 
advance in Wages from t*j t" 17 > ent- 

jjer liunr. They had a longer spell 
uut, as it was not until September 
tliat the men returned to work <i a 
rate of ifi^' ceiit^ per hour. A 

couple ol days later in May an< thei 

hntrli .if %C»n .-arpenters HtriieL' -tt 



[<i idi f. it" a 55 1 • h< '.u wi . k ill I 

1 • e |nr It. air irt the 1 -' \\< I 

' ! M.i\ iii .1 zc< envUI " . • . 1 1 1 1\ 1 i' . t 



„, , iij| a a rc-ult in the \ ttdj 



L '1*5 I'll' ra. ,.' 1 • ... :n 1 ef. ■ '. : 1 ;',\ 
■ 

■ 

: i ] .it-,.- ' v\ urn !«> I'lOpI 1 • • 

. : 



■ 



... . . 

1 l it! >Je ' 



1 ' ■ a. ■ s ; . , t tit" 1 sinkers h.ivii , 

; • ■ 

- ' ir*iin da 

it .< j ! i\ ^' nv» K'i IOi| ,e I tM' .1- -■ 
. ' ■ t nil 

,v itfwr pjrnple 1 4 dlspuw ' w»ke 
[hit] " : 
eigln .v. k-. T\w j «ii.< i-, 1 1ajjii"d 

M rk a i|i "■ km- bi ;• ^ done : , 1 .'.<[■ 
r " rr.it*.' 

ajji ■' r ' ■ 
ibi mid he ■ ii 1 wjr 1 ..• .• . i's ' : 'hi , 



Aj.n 1. n tlic 



• i' :• is' i.il" ter- !• truck ;,t I <• ' 
■< th< > 1 ■ ije ted ■ ' .»•• ifl u itli 
; ift-Ultii ■)! coir n I rs' 1 1 1 - t' •• 
; i in n "i the pjtrtfc ' v is '• 1 t: 
i\ ;i r fii <ifi k-t in sj . »p bthy « kb 
tl 1 rvs(dt that tV> brought t ; c 
ii 'i-Me ti. an end m !'!< nly. ibe 
tr iit»l < ime ! ibpnns ;.,ii" tnts '< < 
j ''a tt»e tvrtji in 1 *! th' ii tra> \< . 

\'y ; :\ i ji tilery t\as l !f • 1ccas.i1 ?t 
• f auother strike »bi til the .-.mn time 
in la i »i .*. The : itiu'i 1 rviused i ■ 
fijs dn,.r;, * i « j I * — t' ■ _\ were given 
pro •? 1- • it." Jafi.e.k . j ;!)• •,• man 
lit i.tre. After ten A iys th- eni 
ph-> 1 rs did thi trcmendmt^ thing, 
snd tin- inen being satisfied returne*! 
tt < Wi -r!:. Th *rtmc eity wa.1 I it<-r 1 •!] 
in th • ar vi a!' d <V air rther <lt8p«te 

1V1 1 tl ame qui I : nn 1 1{ pn pared 
; in v. \ irt the inatti i , after hi i> er 

lUg d; 1 ftuwly tn If a r.tl |i 11 I 

<>it. '.r.i- aim* ably si Lttad, as aU«y was 
an . [Hed qui -ti' ■;) of working « idi 
;;■ ai nttii mis! 

The rem* ning disputes wi re j»ist 
ordinary, g«neralty oMx an increase 
Oi l >ne nr t«0 1 ents pi r hi 1 ir, and 
gem 1 illy ending successfully. 

So much fnr the iijfi a matii in e.,11- 
rained in these belated Blue Books~ 
arwl !in'.v in rnorf up to-date matter. 

S cretary K Chandler, in common 
with a grern many more thinking 

men. -re j a [Jje hostilities that arc 

now proceeding in Africa .1 menace 
to th ■ run of prosperous trade which 
this kingdom has for the last year nr 

1 WoWn *tikivine. •-.ml ivlilrli b-iu lij.l 



S mi 1 

I .mil 1 

m t 1 |ei nf ( *atp' iifri* 

I : 

: 

i 1 . a. i >• 1 I cdisf tO m>*' t 

■ 

. ; : .1 neyv -: -:> :tl 1 i 

I ■ 



1 



( ,: :i , .. tt In 1 :. Mill tl .1 Hi tint tO 

: !•■ 1 IT, 

: 

■ II i-.l! l)e suiV.-wl 

1 1 ■ . : : 

'■ ; l!pi |1 tfce ll e'nl tl ta!s, 

: ■ \ . 

I 1 1 ar I am a'. 1 .; -t '. ■ • III 1 -> i>| 

1' Harr', , P'-nartii .md • i .:-,tr • t 

S'upM r;. ills' .»j ipr ktllieeS are I'litty 

used 1 'tt injueiH 1 i : k in iTtftnci'tV in 
■Ail; i '•;-■•! i f disputi uul thi ;• - 

1 SC l%W ' I 1'V lh I rii. . 1 

Ship I aii'' Jin { ! 1 hi 1' -i !-'t it n 
l'e Careful \n hat V«« v ;i% 



V 



■ • ll 



r 



1' Tile 1.. n.. r 

T' 1 ii • ••* all » i.- p '> • -ii'i.. |if- 

'i 1*1 .1 r r-.i i> 1 ,r r . 

1 I tl ■ |.& >l) tfcl) 4 .nl n.ajr flu 
11 r • , ... r ,i 1 ' 



'.ia .1 



The Agitator. 

If the vtr) j»ri an- i folly in the 
wtirld I 1 an agitator to be ccfliti at 
■ •iih a partial SUCCESS, It destroy* 

his cause. He fades instantly, 
You cannot <■ hiift, He becomes 
parr i.i the con upt and contenti il 

publn . 1 SlH business is tn make 

1 1 hers demand good adtninistration. 
He iiin^t never reap, hut always 
suw. la t him leave the n aninc to 

OtrietS. Sim 11 hp ii .,s \\ undcll 

Phillips were not extravagant, 
I*hcy na re practical men. Their 
business was to heard. Thev 
used vitriol, but they were dealing 
.v itii the hide of the rhinoi cros. /. 

/ Cimfrman hi AtltmHl 



1 abor Ne\% s oi Ho- w 

I n 1 t'Htil liii ' tradi i I 

ri ^lUtil.g I '1 a i-i ' i... , 
A 'I ' I . 

' 

"ihll.mt It. an-, titev i.l • ... , .. 
tV t a c 111 « '.a •. 



\1' 



ar-.' 1 •* t ' 1 r ' .mil < ■ 



1 



I 



1 1 



1 1 : \ 1 . p 1 ■ it 1 t 



* rs, 

• , v iti tt-- ; 

it l'.'* L 

■ 

', 



' I 



mirk i! 1 , 

1 



■ 

: 



St tl 



s ' .'..n.' ! ..'•'• a ca • 1 : -v 1 



i \ 



TllKI I S in l i.c.c -< tatti . i-.e 
Idi keil 1 1 . ' .r 'La. : • 
1 an - ■ n; 1 1 1 1 • ' - : 1 - i'. t 1 '< , ibe 
t Ii 1 ikinukel 1 I 1 -.. 

Mi 1- 1 o: '.a- 1 . ■ ' ' . - 

a iiukee are on - 1 1 1 r. • tn 1 :> 1 » 

nine ;,, ,111 A . .J k. i 1 V a 1 .'! I 

minimum of $2 5?s a dii^ 11 • 

Tm AM' rmen ol I •■' ' 11 ■ 
have i|e. [dec! an ■■ :.. *h 1 
tan unji ti brii klayei 9 -1. ill 
jiloyi-.l nu sewer consti u * • ' ■ 
- ity. 

Tin Mit.i-ters . i"! the 1 
Assembly >t. Pan' M 1 1 
.ij>ree.| t. • h lit in' intht) m> ■ ' 1 
the public discussi< in ol Ll 
lemsi 

Six hundred opertitiv 
American Hide ami 1 .< .r 
pany Taunerii at l,owi I 
have BtfUCk lot an ad' '' '' 

wages, 

FiVl hundred miners 
Uryson Coal ami Goke <••••'•* 
mines, near Taswell, I • ' 

slrurk lor an inrrrase nf t ; ' ' 
in w.i^cs. 

Employed of the BtirlingJ** 
Railroad have launched s rr. ■'"" , 
ta havt that road give tin m 1 i"" 



11 



■ 



! i • > - l.'. 



■ 



I V 1 1 V « • 1 1 1 1 J I V I I ] 



- 

■ 



! 



I t ' -ft .1 ; ■ ii : li 
CMfV i I i !i< 



.1. .v.i 



I ii Ahtwtrp in. ml v. rto i - 
■ti •• j-. .i> uinii' i< H' 'ii - 'i 1 ,; 
,: " Tbr tin-. i w i i 1 . i ; ' ■ • u : i ilv 
1 ' : I ' •• I ■ iltl lit >w It(tfllhl') .\> «». 
I he k< ■-! S:.,r m. nn i ^. uiiv ,irL fa 

■ 1 in to i k. < - iis uhuhI tiKnjj |h 
" w ^ ml? fen need "t i- pan ■», All 

'"' r. ',.,ir s!j..;is .ir ■ rt.iM.I. 

n .i | nir ill to v. ' I' - I ' null 
' 1 1 1 ' " i ' 'i I ' intuitu (!. • 1. 1 ■' tin- 
,; i i m\\ n| ih« t< ii-h.iiir l.iw. 
1 ' >«■'» ; !1 !»■ i j» i ,,„, , .».,•• I,- ! i .< n -. 

111 TJwy riiij»lty m 10.5*5 

w< " ; 193 wom< n .11,. 1 ,),v. f>j7 
' "»«lrei\. Afmoftt & > ]■< * c*«t, "t 

I ft., li in<in:-t! i.il vt'oi kers it? 

'""'•■i tin provisions ol tins .< 1 



1 1 1 nuax in s. 

C 1 itv 1 of ti,- 

A hi ijttifni 1. i^ 
'■...I ■■• i.j 

\l V 1-1 T,l-\ I 

H |i»t ton i 

'" ' lit III! till' 

■ 

I l| - ' |M' |] 

• i i' -. lit 1 
t*«i I , M.,r. h 



■ ■ 

• r h 

1 



■ 

1 



■ • 1 Si in , 4 lii '. r-r. 
■ m • why 1 t finer 
1 . . • ■ i ktwjj before 
■ . II. haa 
lii : *. : h ut. r t- ■ thr 
' c< ; mp w hi t! |i r r>f 
■ in; lints. Tin 

" fi i| I act trj 

.. (1 " . Ii ijoii 'ii r ;ir>,*- 
»;1 i|i ,«vrci tries ■ ! 



■ ■ 

• i the An tt ian 



i | ii' • i . > j «c« lit noi, .iiui 

1 i- » ::.j<« I led 

tl X\ Tl • %f\Xi HTIh (ft : - 

'..< •, r 1 :i: ' il.tr. - r t>\ 

• • • >• : , \\ ; . g) *. i r;i« t' 

\V ; ni .'!;.[ mirli > and 

• ! 'i 1 dona" 

■ 

fti \n • nd 1 .a'l.irt!-, I '.1 
■ I t 1 . 1 1 I ! 1h endi <i 

• ■ I; |i t').- 1, 'iiiTs gultii^ 
, . ■ ' . ■ . II '. .li Ri r cvnt 

1 ' . \ tt njj their jsrr'kf. 

1 1U1 '.v iigain w itli- 
1 . ■' ■ . 1 : '■<' c\\uin. Thtisi' 

\ :• ' I |«o > . i u to \\:<:''.T 

■ \ 1)1 t and I ..ii'.iImis. 

I ' is j;i .1 r« fi rt ittjj Iw the 

II 1 : , |] ■ itfrt'Oa rtJu) ; nisini 

II || ' l| 1 1 ; - 1 11 ' i 1! .Hid 

1! • ■•. 1 ii . 1 1 . 1 ■ • 1. ■ 1 sunn d 

; 1 : 1 . ■ F..i liVi \ .it M lltn.iv. ,i 
\ . 1 • . ' 1 .il ii . 1 Ii - iMjil 1 il \ i ; 1 1 • - 

In ■ . * « . I , lias UlJi 11 wui tin- ii.niiN 

1 il 1 !■•• v, , {fuv , \\ |i. , ;i 1 , || ifi i-i I tn 

t ike tbv 111 1 ; nlactOI l' l> 1 .-.r e tlieir 
w,i;r\ ainnuiiTin^j m .ill 1 1 5952, 
ms i*<J ilwan ; he foi ntcf pw pri< tor, 
[fhi a-'i'irknieti i< "1< ilu* Mock, wowh 
.ili .nt .""i m i, .mi! formed .1 co-oiieru- 
ii\i .i-.-.. 11 i.ttn hi i !ic\ elceteil W. 
,\ 1 1 ii.!\-, ut \ ineland, president, 
l'.n tie.i in I'hil idelphia are tin nish- 
in.; ran material, and the factory 

j* t 1 n n 1 1 r . ^ in) .1 Aw 1 1'S^iul h.isis 



Besides tools for the workshop, MIfs of all ^ 

t standard makes, Saws lor wood and metal, ^ 

P Hammers for the blacksmitn, Hatchets for ^ 

J the carpenter, we have many labur saving ^ 

£ appliances for family use. 3 



5 
I 
1 



See our Food Chopper 

It cuts Meat and Vegetables 



ALL tools oh thf BEST QUAUTY a T r- pi<ijs:s 

W. H. & Q. W. ALLEN 

£ 113 Market Street Philadelphia 

Sees & Paber 

HARDWARE attd TOOL DEPOT. 
2008-2010 North Front Street, 

^ Philadelphia, Pa. 

TOOLS FOR 

SfotiUktts, Urick layers, {'faKtcrtrs, Contrirrtr-rs, i'luml rs. Cut ponters, 
t' .'.itvt ami I' " rn M-.l.. r-. Loom Fixers and Muthini^ts. 



SI 1 * '1 mi. I'll koijj, Cr.i«k t<, 1 i.ut^.- ti![»- *, j nkin's \*aivea and 
|)is s, I':]i. S;. ki 'and Pies, |*ip IVr itet» ,, »» Cutters, Vises, ttc, 

Other Tools are very good Tools, but— 

"YANKEE" TOOLS are better. 




"YANKEE" RATCHET SCREW mt!VVP t S* 10. 

Sixes: 2. S. 4. S, r.. I 10 fJ itichen 




"YANKEE" IUT( MET S< rkw PRITER !fn, 15. 

Slim KiHr, with finger turo, for light work Mm 3 » i itiches. 




** yaxkee » si'iral-rat* hei hckfw DRIVER, So, eo. 

Dfl»»« KreWI in pushing haml'.e, or hv mtchet mnvtrafnl. Madt In three «tze*. 




" YANKEE " SI'lR Ui.tUTCHET S'REW DR1TTR V». SO. 

DriTr* or tn'tei out iiciew* liv tii^hine OB hi.nl 1 - at I i»tchet ao*«tO< I 'Cnu b. 

ngtd *rtw in, r ». .m j>«it 01 .1- k»t«h. 




"YANKEE" REttPROTATIftU IHIILT,. %«. r,0. 

Hot itnlUng metaln tad nil kinds i f w....d*. CkMk •111 ho d drtllfl tact] dltrttelM or le.» 




"YANKEE" AlT03!VTIf DRUE. N>. 4» 

For horing w>««J lor .M'in? wrtw, hndi dmIi ete n ' " 'i«»-.l rfl hard M •"'I wni>rf w ' th - 
out »plitting. rushing >n rtundle rc»o1*<« drill R«ch .1 ' " ,lM " 
|»ldt' la inngi/iiie in-:d- hmi.tle », «ti'.*i' I* r"' f " ' ,w 

SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS IN 
TOOLS AND HARDWARE. 

Insist on ** YANKEE" TOOLS 

IF YOU WANT THC DtSl AND A REA°. ""N»M3LP PRICE, 

tit wriiMWe Circ.'Urs wilt tig -e, i :irr ■ M l*fi l»«* 

NORTH BROS. WFO. CO.. - PHILADELPHIA, PA. 




12 



THE CARPENTER. 



Forming Ovals. 




iTt-i» Deptrtm#M li Bpeii 1 "' orlttwsw "iid 

LOITFipi n Irr i CTt r ' . .i * r f • Oft Itlf eltsolBftl 

subject* m Carpentry, iitd ijcjh at lo Cull 
organ nation. 

Write on one njc Ol the j' B Pr;r Only- A1 > 
arlidri uhLMjd be tl n*i 

M tor this Department mud ba ir< ihn 
office by the 15th ol the month.) 



Wanted— A 5now Plow. 

From W. P., C.rcen Hay, Wis. 

I want to make a snow -plow tu be 
drawn by one horse, to clean ofl 
snow from a narrow sidewalk. Per- 
haps some fellow- chip can help rm*. 



Satisfied With It 

From Willis B. , Detroit. 

I think the plan of half-truss rool 
shown by J. S. N\, of Pittsburg, a 
very good one. At first sight ! 
thought it threw too much strain on 
the end of the lookout, until I con- 
sidered the value of the upright stud, 
which transfers a large portion of the 
weight to the 'nside of the lookout 
piece and the joists. The scheme 
is all right and may be relied upon to 
do its work faithfully. 



Bowling Alley Floor. 

From T. B., Toronto, Can. 

If W. B. G , in November num- 
ber of Carpenter, will glue his 
bowling alley stufi together, he will 
make the best job of it. The proper 
way is to start with a centre strip, 
then work from both sides. This 
allows the work to continue without 
a break. Nails or screws are objec- 
tionable in many ways. 



On Sheathing. 

From T. P. Mc. , Duluth. 

H. S. P., Fort Worth, should 
keep the joints of his vertical sheath- 
ing tight and well nailed, and the 
work is just as strong and as effective 
as if put up on the wail diagonally. 
There is a good deal of nonsense 
about this diagonal sheathing. 
Boarding put on either vertical or 
horizontally, when well done, is just 
as good and as strong as if done 
diagonally and costs much less. 



That Bridging Question. 

From Nolan, Louisville. 

The architect was right when he 
desired R. A. B. to put in his bridg- 
ing edgewise instead of on its flat ; 
though, in the case in point, either 
method was strong enough. But, 
after all, there is only one right way 
and it is always best to keep to it. 
People do not lay joists on their flat : 
they stand them on edge. The 
same rule and the same reason apply 
to bridging. 



From Fred. K. L. 

Am oval is not exactly an ellipse 
hut is a figure appro. i hing in shape 
nearly to that of an ellipse. For 
man\ practical purples the oval 
answers just as well as an ellipse, and 
is much more readily constructed 
The diagrams shown at Fig. 2, are 
ovals and are all drawn with the < 1 'in 
pa^-i, by first drawing two circles as 
shown, and then connecting them 
with a part of a larger circle as 

shown. The radius fot the larger 




Stair Baluster and RaM " ait 
Wavy Newel and Baluster*. 

From Chip, < >m iha. 

1 am to buil«! a stair with a *«rt »1 
spiral or wavy newel and balusters, 
and not having seen anything 

kind would be pleased In have SoMV 

fellow chip submit a tl«»ign or two «( 
this kind 1 ■! stair mush. 

F ram inn Timbers. 

From f. G. MeK M Milwaukee. 

The designs shown by T. R., <>S 
La Crosse, will serve his purpose 
very well. The methods are 

English, and more work is done on 



chemical character ol the ground 
however, may counteract th.-v p Pe [ 

<-.uit:> 'US. 

An Excellent Suggestion, 





circle may be of such length as m.u 
be required to suit the work in hand, 
but its centre must always be eq it- 
distant from the centres of the smaller 
circles, as shown by the dotted lines 
in the diagrams. The smaller circles 
must, of course, be described to the 
proper size required and at suJi dis- 
tance from each other as to regulate 
the dimensions wanted. Perhaps 
other readers of the CARPENTER may 
have some better methods of form- 
ing ovals than this, if so, I am sure 
we, the readers, would be pleased to 
see them. 



'hem than is necessary, The fo 't "f 
the slanting limber need not have a 
double sh fil lor, th mgh a tenon 
may 1 " useful in '>rd"r t" prevent 
the itrut fr^m slipping e. I ■/■wise. 
I submit two methods, whi< h I 
think are just as strung a> the "tie-, 
described in December Carpenter, 
and that can be framed with mu h 

less work, an important matter these 
da vs. 



A Curious Pu/zle. 



Setting Studs for a Cor.ier of 
Bay Window. 

From R., Toledo. 

Will some (me send a sketch of 
how to place the studs at the corner 
of an octagon bay window. The 
building is a frame, and will be 
boarded on outside ; sashes to be 
double-hung. 



From Willie H. 

A man in our shop, the other day 
showed me a curious puzzle in the 
shape of a stick about 1 inch square 
and 5 or 6 inches long, ma le of two 
pieces of wood — walnut and pine — 
dovetailed in the middle of its length; 
with the dovetail showing on two of 
the corners only, I have been try- 
ing to find out how the trick was 
done but have not been able, and 
the man will n it tell us. Does any 
reader of the CARPENTER know how- 
it is done, and if s will he publish 
the way lor the benefit of myself and 

others ? 



A Question Answered. 

From G. N. , New York City. 

S. F., of Oswego, could easily 
get in his semi-circular glass if he 
had made his sashes with a groove in 
the rebate, into which one edge of 
the glass is pushed far enough to 
admit of the other edge of the glass 
slipping into the rebate, when it can 
be moved back from the groove 
until it fits in its place properly. 
Care must be taken to have the 
gruove large enough to allow of the 
glass to move in and out easily, or 
the glass will get fractured. 



To Make Fence Posts Last. 

From Pan. Van B., Hast Orange, 
N. J. 

The life of a fence post is depend- 
out largely on the kind of ground 
in which it is planted. Some kinds 
of s.ind will actually burn, so to 
speak, the bottom of the post, while 
other kinds seem to preserve it. 
Chestnut should stand well in yellow 
clay or in fine sandy loam. A good 
way to render a post impervious to 
rot is to soak it in hot fish oil. Dip- 
ping in hot newly slaked lime will 
also lengthen the life of a post. The 



From Joe .1 
1 fmd lots of good things in the 

CAR PENT I it and am impress*',] gill) 
the idea that it is >!■ ting , 4 y .1 iSI r ^ 

and helping w ith ^ strong i ,-, 1 t0 
up I. ft " the every day u r'kmaa, 

in agisting him to help hil istU ,:. | 

by ab!v championing his cause 
against the natural oppress -s ■ f h; s 
race I have thought for s >u ■,- 
tlut the area of its usefulness 1;; 
!>'• extended if a few Sttllplc | stfU ■ 

tions on wood carving were 1 i^j 
from time to time, a> m , , jr . 

penters ar< « ailed up< *n n \ >■. \ 
again to do little jobs of ran ^ an i 
if they possess** 1 the retprii l k 1 
ledge a:i I sk.M to do th « k I • 

work tastefully and speedily ts :'.[ 

enlarge their opportunities . ' ■ • 
ably enable thr:n to ( mi > 1 4 
higher ra*e of p.iv. I m« 1 •. ■' , 

sotliat my fellow readers n i\ luve 
an opportunity t)( tlnnkii >• • •• ,.- 

!e r over and giving I - I d| 
their thoughts. Ti 1 help the 1 1 itte? 
atong I will offer oc agonal : ■ ■ j - 
of a simple nature for . tt\ . tg if ■ .« 
editor de-ms ti'.":n worthy of J |4jcc 
in his r\ client j >uraal, I • n'n 
we all who read CaitPK'&TEft re it 
* Hnething in I he way of i- 
tions of this kin i. an I there are 11 iae 
of u-> so p or that we cann ■■ 
tribute Something that will ! • • .r 
fellow workmen a bit. It we can* 
not answer a question at - Ut i 
problem we can certainiv .i^k ; ev 
lion, and sometimes a verv »i 
question may lead up to an i rt] *• 
taftt matter. 

(We shall be much pleased to 
receive suggestions or d-s gns from 
any of our members in wood arving 
or any other subjei t that will l e of 
interest to our main- readers - I 



Finding the Number of Studs. 
Joists, etc. 

From W. Mi l >. 

1 would like to know if any 1 l ' •' r 

chip can give a quicker ot a better 
method for figuring the numl 1 * ™ 
studs and joists for a building than 
the one I am going to describe 
Where joists or studs are to \>r 
placed 16 inch centres, my method 
is to g'-t the length of building wall 
in feet and then drop off one quarter 
of this, and the balance will be the 
number of studs required. Suppose 

a building measures 40 X 20 i'"'' 1 - 
then we have 120 feet if we measure 
all around tl. building, namely, tWO 
forties for the sides and two twenttes 
for the ends. Now deduct IrOtn 12° 
feet one-ipurter, which wouM he 3° 
feet and tht* would leave ■» b nUnce 
of 90 feet which would be the number 

of studs required to go all aroUM 
the building if placed i6.inches to* 



THE CARPENTER. 



13 



is ki 



Par 



, , ..nt re: but one more stud 
, , ; foi the fintshii £ 
, , awl the [tumiier 
| | | an y building *h>« the 

],«., v lif e itiniate*! mentally 
,,, | tiuutes by anyone J»le w 
m 1 two together prx^pe.rly, 
- i: ; .i v be estimated in like 
i ,■; f this will iilow f"r double 

,l( ifortf Opetliiig» 1 mim- 

j r fftty given building 
. found ahw >st instantly by 
, d, but nne extra j"i~t for 
. :nii»t always be allowed 
: .iki.e; an estimate. I am 
lliai some workmen when 
fi>r Simla (or the outside 
. t # Imibiing allow one stud for 
r . , , ■ i , i .f length there i"> in the 
, it-hich is supposed to provide 

l] , r- s'.i U .it ail i j»nd all 

enmpr*. but tliis i^ too. much, ami in 
: lays of close competition iw h 
! is likely tn bring die 
riuinaforV figures two high. Nut i* 
* v rKidtT hasa better and a qui kei 
I, ! nf finding the number "{ 
\* ■ :s, etc., than this I should 

'..k* ru i'! ji. 



]ll IV 
li:.- 



J.. 



a New Dovetail, 

Hi m V I.. . Newark. N J. 

t ten i y >u a cut . >f a new met!) -d 
nj •! retailing which w.is recently 
.. . • ••• I in Kngtan 1. am; ask fellow 
. • i '•::> their o; inion ..j it Is it any 
* [vantage over tin- good >•!< 1 method' 




rr* 

The joints of the box or drawer 
are first mitred, and the dovetail 
marked oil and cut to correspond 
With a dovetailed key. Fig. i shows 
two views of a dovetailed piece of 
wood; Fig. 2 an und.rcut slot 
tliruugh the mitered edge of a board ; 

3 represents, in section, the 
completed point, Fig. 4 being a 
completed corner <iew of the same. 
In carrying this St .,.;.,c the ends of 
the boards H, li, are mitered, after 
which dovetailed grooves or slots, s, 
ar e cut as shown in Fig. 2 ; the slots 
"lay he cut in each board separately, 
°r when the boards are held together 



■>t the point, as shown at Fig. j, 

I > »vt.i:ie (1 pic en tsA hardwood, sui h 
as shown iti h,g ar< ij len inserted 
in the rl ivetai) mortti e, nicety fitted 
and glued in the slo ts, and when 

dressed oil il |«h show a dovetail 
on b >ih boards, as shown at K\ £, 
and the come, will be held lightly 
together, 

Curve of Hip Rafter, 

From T. B., TiA 'lo 

The method of obtaining the 
curve and length "I a Inp rafter shown 

by M. J M in \>> bi r Number, 

is right enough i:i its way. hut 



in< lies. The illustration or diagram 
shows the proportion of the tread to 
the rise, for stairs having a rise irom 
half an inch to 12 inches, and a tread 
Irom 1 in< h to 24 inches in width 
The manner of working it is shown 
at the shaded lines, where a 7 # -inch 
rise shows a 9 inch tread. The rise 
is formed on the line C. and the tread 
on the line A. 

Wood-Carving by Filipinos. 



There stands in the old walled 
city of Manila a church whose rare 
beauty should win it a place among 
:he lamed temples oi the world It 




lather prosy 1 send a method 
which I have used for years, and 
which is shown in '' Practical Car- 
penter." It is a quite true method. 
Th;s shows .in open rafter, but it will 

o| course answer for any shape of 

1 .it'ter. The method ol working it 

(S easily understood mi that I will 
not All sp«ce by going over it. The 
curves and cuts are correct 




Treads and Risers 

From "An old Stairbuitder," 

Trenton, N. j, 
For the edification of L. Pe F. C. , 
Winnipeg, I submit the following : 
See the diagram attached. Suppose 
A to be the run of the stairs j B 



I* the church ol St. Ignatius ot 
Loyola, and u> the name- would 
indicate, was erected by the Jesuit 
fathers. The ten years that elapsed 
between 1S79 and 1889 were con- 
sumed in its construction, and a 
success that w as truly artistic crowned 
the effort Of 9 decide. The exterior 
is neither imposing nor artistic, but 
it was on the interior that effort was 
centered, and few structures in the 
world can boast of the perfect har- 
mi my of efiect there attained. Practi- 
cally the entire interior is done in the 
native hardwoods of the Philippine 
Islands, that have been caned by 
master hands. A remarkable fact in 
connection with the work is that it was 
done by natives. The designs were 




the rise, and C. the inclination. As 
the angle of ascent will vary with 
circumstances, the following treads 
will determine the right inclination 
for different kinds of buildings. For 
public buildings, make tread [4 
inches ; for first-class dwellings tread 
to be 12 inches; for second-class 
dwellings tread to be 1 1 inches ; for 
third-class dwellings tread to be 9 




FOB TAX, PIUS AN" I' M'lTI.IKS. 
I»urin? lhenioul!i ending January It, IS'j'J 

Wbcotttc hit trron »;>r*»r notify the 0. s.-t, 
•ItlMMtdctir 



e 
a 



_ d 

I 



a 

s 
I 



a 
a 

" S ■ 

!• 2 * 



all made in Europe, and every cred t 
is due the workmen who so closely 
followed their models. This incident 
illustrates a peculiar trait in the 
Filipinos. They lack originality. Out 
they are wonderful imitators. Give 
their carvers a model and they will 
duplicate to perfection. Let their 
painters see a picture and they w ill 
reproduce it on their own instru- 
ments. — National Builder. 



P..: 
: a 

13.". 

1 

1 17 
138 
lay 
NO 
111 



-1114 'J 
i »4 r 'j 

a — 11 0) 

4 — It. 1 Si) 

4 I G'i 

<■■ 12 8.) 

T — I it« 2 1 

n It .'u 

* \'J to 

10 — IT4 00 Hi 

11 — ts m i4.i 

12— -!<u *j 144 

I- J\ 14.". 

II 9 60 14>", 

15 12 20 147 

Hi 42 41 14^ 

IT 6 feu 

* g-> 

\\h— a 7 i 

to 7 3", 

ill — -22 h'j 




b4 
H 

h7 

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- S BO 

-10 10 

-10 SO RU- 

- P '.'i Iil2- 

- 2 20 r.irt- 

- s t>i 617- 

- 3 ro 
-M i»i :r:> — l"s mi 62'J- 



:<') 2 \ i«i 

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vi — fo y> 

41 2"> 
M — — S ffl 
K3 13 ("l 

ys — *u do 
a;- - 4 go 

Ob M an 23«l 4 t"H (76 10 M 187- 

tB-- 2 10 as: — 1? 20 377. — y so s«8- 

100 11 211 2i8 IS n 1714 7 t«J KV.I- 

101 2 On Ot '.'0 7'i WO 2 4 1 14.1- 

IW 14 S" 240 12 80 23 M OW- 

HH — si ..„ J4| .',5 s i j|s2 2''. U>1 «37- 

10l « no 



M3- 
i4"- 



LUS --14 00 

107 IB <hi 

lov 60 40 

11.. 12 M 

111 23 r.o 

112 — ^77 10 
113 

114 -3!) Lift 

115— - 4H ! I 

11H 24 4'> 

lis 22 4n 

I 111 — ss 00 

120 s ffi 

121 in 00 

! J_ — i 

iau— — i 

124 12 OS 

190 4S .' I) 

vin e 20 

127 24 00 

125 B 

1311 1 fr. 

131—81 20 t» 
la 2— W SI 



7 :*\ (M- 



247 
24* 

6 IS 2.SO- 

211 IS 20 

2.V2 II N 

2S I— 9 0O 

0B4< 22 4 ■ 

26! II 10 

2r.: -1 70 39+ 

2fi* — -19 20 WO 



IV i 



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-10 I" 1 3s... — !7 ! i3 ' • 7 
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- h i"i HMt — t 'I 07l* 
-13 lo :i-y_ .... i 
. g i Q OHO 13 CO 12 

:e.i 1 —li! l) ' OWi 
49.1 -- 12 20 080 
304 10 20 

f.M t 0»l 

I'm'. - j| 00 

t»r — u 73 
II 30 
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200- 
21I- 
n, 2_ 



. 7 fa ,4.4) 4 30 

-17 4" 4111 2:. 80 

- u 20 4 0J 12 3". 

- 4 CO 403 14 20 



7 00 4HI 

2>;i 2'j 1(0 4.KV- 

MS V 00 407- 



7 20 TJt 



7 00 



2 60 4i)S 7 00 

.il mtj It) 00 



8 10 

8 ID 

9 00 

- 7 4.1 
-10 HI 

- so 

- in 

- 2 20 
_ 7 70 

- 7 M 

- 50 
-20 90 

_10 r.o 

- 4 211 

-l ; 4n 

1.1 WJ 
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_ I". 
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-10 l-l 

- y 9S 

- 7 10 

- 7 10 

- 3 H 
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- 10 

- | 20 

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90 
IS 1.1 

n »i 

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5 til) 
31 70 
1 2 Sn 

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7011 

7m 

712 
714 
Vl.V 
71 
717 
72.: 
721 
731 



Total 



111 1S2 7S 



Fatronize our advertisers. 



14 



THE CARPENTEH 



Progress. 



then Will the Golden Vg« I i\i t 



!•';■ <:.\ the child-like sim- 

iw and - 1 ■ 1 > ■ 1 1 l 1 
ii 



PrOgtt SS ? W<- b'.ist "I prOgtl sS 1 
Proxies, wllithi i ? It. ':n (he da\ cry 
< '! lilt ,nl. 1 ji hi I [, ,ck .Itli i ( U ■ i J tii'ii - 
t ,ils to thai • •; tiir yu .it industrial 

system, w hejj© cool* as uri! as Imdie* 

are !>■ night .in. 1 m ild ; wheri W I tiib 
is crcati d .i- | ■ v :'»»• Ml !gii' w.md i i 
.i gente i * tlw i ' «U h i >t ■'-!-• I CU1 Hi I 
Kin;; Mid is. whlli thoifei nds awl 

te«S ot tit" 1 ' :-.ui tis 1 H ^ in ' ii t gfi -it 
name foi' the ])*>« !' pn;\ iU'gl* 1 1 1 we !l 
itlg OUI their Wretched !: .• > in i li ■ 
In ut.d tn «tUtnl2f i -in barter then 
111.'. kI I'T ,\. scantv criisj of M.e k 
Iire.ul~.mil Ivy ;n \.,in ; \)\< n find- 
ing ili i ■ against them, turn 
their hands ag »si*1 the w • »-1 • I . - 
become recruits to the great amy 
nt' prime. 

plicity, wh re man 
the 1 >t :t \ i i all Ili* work*. I>e:rru )ii 
laughter in the ripple of the stream, 
His vnii'L- in the thunderstorm and 
saw His anger hi the itritlicn holt, t i 
the pn sent age of skepticism, where 
he can see his Creator nowhere, 
ami, blin ler than his barbarian 
ancestors — knowing more of process 
but less of principles — protests that 
force is the only DemhtrgUS, dead 
matter the only immortal. 

Progress towards Greatness! 
Greatness ol what? Certainly not "i 
the individual, tor the present con- 
ditions tend toward medic jcrity, 
Greatness oi the State? What 

does eternity know of States that 
to promote their welfare immortal 
souls should be sacrificed ? Why 
toil and travail, suiter and sin for 
toy balloons which destiny will 

whistle dOwn the winds? 

There are entirely too many self- 
commissioned watchmen, who sit .it 
ease In their boxes and cry all's well, 
— meaning thereby th.it it is so with 
them ; too many seers who iuuk into 
their own cozy ba k parlors and 
imagine that they are standing on 
a Mirza Hill and reading the riddle of 
human life ; too many listening en- 
chanted to their own sweet voices 
and mistaking the sound lor a world- 
wide pnstn oi praise, or at least the 
drowsy hum of human content, 
Such are blind Neroes w ho compla- 
cently fiddle while Rome is, if not 

actually burning, yet filled to over- 
flowing wuli combustibles to hurst 
into tl.uiie. — V'/tf fconotlit&t, 

My God ! When I read o'er the 
hitter lives of men whose eager 
hearts were quite too great to heat 
beneath the cramped mode of the 
day anil .-.ee them mocked at by the 
world they Jove, haggling with 
prejudice lor a pennyworth of that 
reform which their hard toil will 
make the common birthright oi lin- 
age to come- -when 1 see this, in spite 

of my faith in < iod, 1 marvel h. tw their 

hearts bear up so long; nor could 
they but for this same prophecy, 
this inward feeling of the glorious 
end.— Jam es Russell Lowell. 



When men Iteconie stlffii filth 

intelligent to wufo r*taod the i tfii 

id ttitWS in one another !• will hi 

iro nvn d oJ special < fTori to ptonu 
social intercourse, I 'mi! ih< ■ tin 
instruments must Jw the social ■oix* ,M 
i/r.niiis already in existence, fJie 

mttn "f universal binthei hood, si iukl 
mich a en .u nre e\ er in 1, ibh the earth 
w ill be he who cannot hi; fa wifui i 
able, how. \ er wi ll housed oi well 
fed, while ,ir. v human being — ' i i \ < r* 
■ it is hungry. He a 111 see n< ■ i 
in gfi ed « hi. h i ollects w faith w ' i h 
cannot ' i used bv i i >< <~~< s»i . 



w hih 



lack < r it bv ti 



ii in 

w hom it was tak. y maker, I lit ill 
supremely wretched- lb- wjll 
no merit m indulgence without aim 
and will contend that the gn it' ' 
honor is due tluwe who y v«* tin ii 
fellow men full return h»r all dw\ 

en;o\-. 

Men u ill ontioue t" *tl ■■ 
against ^i< ed and • x, lu-i\ em - - 
until they pause to study die pen 
reasons tor these thins;-', fhe i«ge 
which dis< i .\ - rs a retnedy for the 

present m'eat e\treines in mat. t 

posseti&ions, utul applies it. will be 

the ild. ii a;^e < .;v < a !i tlKM 

wii.it he earns and nothing mun 
ami ail other desirable things »tl 
be added. Society, the home, thi 

Slate, will become ideal 

mopoliUtn, 



old Age tensions. 



The popular demand in tireai Hri) 
ain for state pensions lw the aged 
and deserving poor is based up. M 

other grounds as reasonable and 
sound as the argument against tlit 

injustice Of the poor hoUSe and its 

callous stigma of pauperism. This 
demand asks for justice, as a sul stj 
lute lor i h..nty, at the hand-, of a 
ruling capitalistic class, It b . laiuK (I 
tliat Wages, even at trade-, union 
rites, are regulated .nore by tlj. 

struggle lor existence among com- 
peting W0rfc< rs than by. my s!an lard 

of fairnei j m tl. measuremeni of 
1 ib<>r's share in the joint produi lion 
ol wealth. This contention is vii- 
tained in its force by the known ■ noi - 
mous weatth of the English capitahst 

class mi the one hand and on (In 

other by the attested fact that one 
out oi every four or live workers in 
England at the age oi 65 has noth- 
ing to look to in his helpless years 

but the poorhouse or outdoor relh ' 

Statistics confirm the iruth of this 
contention. 

Taking land, capital and su;>erin- 
tendence as the three capitalistic 
agencies for exploiting the energies 

of labor in the ereation of wealth, 
their share of the annual aggregate 
value of this production is computed 

at two-thirds of the whole, leaving 
one-third as the portion awarded in 

wages to the entire laboring class. 
Making every allowance for probable 



Ilia' ■ at 1 \ 

■ 



■ 



\\ 1 II I o . i Kriittin 
.-■v."W I' Sold (1 



<i 1 < *t 



\\ ;i\ - 01 tilt \^ < ■ Id 



I 



Sprite I H s e 

I'll. ■ ' 
Matth. a , 1;,. 
-* '■ 

11 ■ 

ta. mi .1 ig 1 : t l • Hi *.-.•.. v 
b. pub 

dprucc timl r lam! .1 '•< 1 
amount rtf tiuit wo 1 h d 1 
for inaoUKi '.11 . 11 r .1 1 

other data 1 m< ruing il 

Tie lUtlUli -- ■ 'it' 1 ' w ,. 1 ■ • .;. • ' 

adoption ol wim 1 in >•< ; . : 

po«>ib!.-. from a hi Ii -,>; 1 
made. 

M .11 : |. • I ,e, ip.e ,1 1 e ' ,i i|< I ,i . r.,' . . 

over the 1 1 -t d< ; ' : «-' f rti ol ti 1 ■'• 
for *ts bv pa] n 1 1 taki - 1 . 1 .. 
pi »s>il lie that 11 hr>l \ 11 1 . ■ : . u I , . 1 
in tie- ni vt li c, ' u .i . ■•, . 
the untitug oJ sj/mct I . .. u . , i 
years. U 1 1 [ted rhol Uy tl 
n>i-ih. id the t'li its mil hitvi 
• h ni e to [»aiii lo^t ground in 
to prevent 'he 1 omj Jel" .'• r«i 
tion of >t valuable 1 1 >■ I !, 
papi r ma e . . tberelore doiiii 
much thinking as lo wh^t unjrsr to 
pm sin-, and 11 . . I k ly 1 hat ' ' I. .1 . 
lon^ they Will j. --I. ti.:-- j i iplai 
bin h for Sp] ui e ! 'mb. i . 

An i jcperinient i .... i.. • - : . . '. 
m Missouri with cofir&talk i foi mak 
in^ paper is bewK U h* d wad 
interest, b is said thai thus i n 

fair sue., s-, in, | n rnade .wili tlut« 

m in rial and a good ipialii y ..i pap. r 
ha., been mad . Mm h ol the tint 

ber i ut in M .in. goes to Hi w 

Hampshire, where one mill ulone 

turns OUt 2p> ions of p ip*r '-a< Il 
day from spruce limber. 



I lie i> >\ 1 1 I 



■ fill 

ue.iSi 1 1 1 1 .■ I in • . i : 

. • uli I p' l s, a, , .) ||] III I - 

[ifwun . .? hrjo mid p ' 
p.. .\ i ; -» ot nnioi aoi 

i he .ii - on \*n ■■ !< 
oi a ■ ■ u i Utui laiti whui 
dam a; a.n i nit til 

Masn i lb. is, 1,.,. i Ti si 

I il j. a I lj| K 111- e \ •' • 1 

w* n*i ifa 1 1 . ,i i >hc«4 1 - 1 

li , I'M liO\ , I lit i |H 1,1 
ie .1 s. dn illg ! i.i <| . 

thai the I.. .', . . .ii. i I.. 1 , 
a^. 1 1 In i Int in* a-hi 
In i.iiivi-. '1 he jury, "' 

tiun ol the Lorn i n tun • ■ 
toi i he defendant i 



15 



v >' ; . 



if 




1 ii » .. . i , • < v inetl, tu«h> 



I iibtllous I'll 'irt-s 



M> H I , ! i 

■ 

' !'• t | I |j , t ' 

a»i tin Fl* 1 • •' 



■ 

A LA BAM \ 



■ 

■ 



ARK VNSA5. 



■ 



I , . . . 



CAI I! ORNIA, 



i. it« mi 

it. U.l, I 

I 1 I. 



... »M 

[nit thr 
Vhi 



i Ii if. »i 
. ■ • I 71-1 a.. 



H I I'.iili. 

: . .in > 

. i.t»M 

1 • . I-, uj i«t 
.1 ll 1 M i lit OH »t 



I 

• ' ■ ■' 



I . 4 



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. Ml *l...Ul-l < . I. ..1 J. ■ k} -• 

CANADA. 



Ilk! ■ 4 ■ N 



mil h l.i-.-J« MB 

f , . . MMhi m 

, : 

- 

>»:-.-■ .. - (III 

... . . ^ 

tt* i', ,». k. • • , . I • • ,f .1, T:,M ■. .■ »..». 
ill HI . 1 1 j ,' [ . 1 

INDIANA] 

- »Nu»t>"|i I *l iiv <k*ii W' • !ltaJiK*» »t. 

' IjIII/I' . .(.; .1- . Alll iu »l 



y . I l. ilnl VI 
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I. «... . .1. -I . ■ 1 I ■ , . •>-' ' J ' '11 ■ t 



COLUR V 'J' '. 



Ii \\ i ".ui Had the I mu\ 



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r 
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K}k^$rN I 

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CU tXUCTICt I 



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; . ■ lit" 

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, ■ ■ ■ : 

i : n ■ ! j . ■ i i . i ; ■: •!.« I 1 ... : 1 .it« 

Unjji r tlv.it I i ' <u • ilv ' «•< inwii 

Hi ' ml 

i p.»ti ; ',\ i i.. I n] i j ■ i ■. 1 i [Ike 

CiltlUiti ' » K*" K>' I' ' s i*M«l >«ll»t'tf» 

r»t ill- ilk klmtiftl ti«rt. I« ■mi". ' 
tn <-\i t ii this Rt«iitil>!fc 



:- i ■■ i . . i fiili i . ■ l i i • . 

... . i ii 

DISTRICT OF COI L'MBIA, 

- 

. 1:. 1 i . *v 

i I Olv'IDA. 

it 1 1 



• •• 'i ♦«••« i . 1 1.- 1 <• , ' i . I > ■ i • 



: 

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j . : ••>• .v. .Jin <-i. 

INDIAN TKRR1TORY. 

i* IV *« • . — ■ .ji. i A 



OliORHI \. 



I 



^"051 Ha id. 




THE SQUARE ROOT I 
DFLINEATCR 

OF^ KtY TO THE SI L"EL SQUARE „ ! 



BY A.W. on 3, 



PCVU i fftf &CM &t*0 Vlfi Pi nMfli 
HOffl., CUT*. BMfiO M£A Nf£ ITG, 
6lNl n wr PAID. PWCt ' f ), 



"I HE 



box 834. 



CARPENTrF^. PHIUfitLPH , At 



\.!*>li ' 1 II I I ,1 

..i* ' •'«. I if ii h i-.f . H 

! I. ' - ■ . 

■ 



'I. 



■ . 

|l I I. ..Ml J > I |l I 1 

- ■ 

' »: i I • . i . n i >•« ■ ' »ylua »t 

Ml V , l : |ii f l.lr. . 

IDAHO. 
ILLINOIS, 

IT! II I. Il|r.""i I" brth «t 

4... I In i I Kl II I I - 1 IkUl s -Ii ' l Ii" . - I , ll I, i, 

lit . «.V IV. l> \ - ..In |t If) hWH IK i I 

Mill »i 

7m id; i s I'tKn i. It ration, 

UI •••» n 

i • v i •> ,1 't : 1 1 -i . . 1 ft At i I. 

I >M»», Ik W'l.llkii, ,ti 

ii i iikuiki.i • -ii 1 MUI»r,407W iLuiii*. 



IUW A. 



I - i II . '.,) I • .! !•* .. I »L 

■f* • t. I. II iM ' ■ '" » ■ K 

II l.T <H , brl 

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nil, ■ . I t i^Ill -I 



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KANSAS. 
■ 

i. •> • . . . , - i StuMi 

» s i». j ii^>' i;i nu »' 

■ 1 .ii e/ ■ ink MA 
■ . . r i 

Mil MICA— K L 1 ■}!«!, . 1 U») Kft 'I 



Kt:ML kJKN 



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mi at i 



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16 



THE CARPENTER. 



III 

17ft 

a 

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litt 

Ml, 

44. 

I* 

ft! 
Mj 

KB, 



l«0. 

IM 
1.1 

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llH»T .1 

mi, i rldt,i 
nil - Plat*. 

•Tin j. S5 Hart 
foOTtNn* Jr . 



i|!-p«ii-r,Ki i; iirrsnl H-t 139 

I. ■ « i.i.v L- • A 'n ii,.' IMP 1 . i r.wl.r it 
. i '• f— I II ' i ',jra'i. li •» 27. 

' »ir s i i rank a. Kmr . r, i: i ftartutm 

M v.: • RUi W- 11. ||. | 'i 21 VI laco M 

Sittvi ■■*--■'. i., i'o.n..r», in iui,i 
w uteic. wn. Mi-- 

Vnr.t ,i Asm . '-' ■ 

S >a nuwMvjt— (. 11. |ii ii iiia si 
i'i i • -im i r»— i hat, n in i; 
Riixni iir-H. M. r»>l r, im 
! lorabatiaf 

*>r Fft\N 1>| IMAM- tilth 
I rial 

M'liv.nii.rw- Kretv-hi 1' 
Liberty «i 
1". J. I olflut, 1'«.', -'.ati IB. 
W t*i tiki n-\V .1 r,,w, ri -j P" "rj it.- it 
Wiiiu'KHTbK— Vf. A Hoaslay. ll t'aty view ate 
(Frtnoh E. i -.irj; 2 Danurd 

t.'riurt. 

MICHIGAN. 

\i_rs*A--U !'. KeHtf, Its I'ktiiml 

Hiv I'ur- i ii. liatea, 21* V |t;in.y tt 
Iili ii ,n -- 1. s .! r mi, 4:: l<«aiifatt a* a, 
A. Iia. k. 1.2- b'rtktua at. 

I 1 * V - k --f . 'HI 

Kit AMI,' IO— II lif ■"' 1t<. , KKJ V Park >i 

miuiik i im -w. i ititard, ii.ii 27:, 

Ml tfl»IJ(l»— A. I.. .I rlllUllll 

Ml IttEii is— K M. -larto. II Manluil 

f ml* A IV 



111 



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MINNESOTA. 

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MISSOURI. 

loi lit— J. II. U'e-ki 

K ***** PlfT— >J, K I'hiffln, 3600 Park tfg 
KiRW-tvit.i.B -W, Ii, WvllUMiiia, 

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NEBRASKA. 

us. Uj«i< !*•- 1 E. n'alkar, 7QS H-oamnt. 

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r,D. s UM*it\— * 4JMUC4, s. Ouiaba, 
NEW JERSEY. 

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NORTH CAROLINA. 

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Jai ki.,* j i, k ii . i . iui ii 

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Mk-tii m», H i n tt ,v u M ., • ,,,, 
III Ul '"» 1 -ii i ll. J i i|h . ., .„ ai, it 
i Iia. Mill, r, lit I ... ,« 
J. K. Wi mill, • 'I ma-i*. ii 
Maaiivii i i - I \v. Dfldga , , j, J,,tt|iO ata 

TEXAS. 

8i «ll* -J A < atrfl. I I M Ma,.tr 

IIBAUMkNI II Man, I,. |, ,( ^j,. 

' il in II * i -It |i ',li»a. 

lulKH A»a— J,N l/,„nBa "80 8V. 2B4«fi 

loi t t- A'ni i\» a,„, (; ,,, 

Hk-mi ,v vv Nabriilamr, vm W 
'.at, i« ii 

r"o*T W.iH ni i m kaoilarliaa, 1 1 w„ r ta 

I i , Mm 
liALVKatoM -n Mir; ,,f Irtairlrl (ottoall 
, , .. • I Waller, 31 Pi Ar« M 

J E I rottlor, 3921 A«anut I".. 

f 'll'!''.! l7 "' • **• " 

";"'-i . / "iv M,„,i,, Kit Q klJ » k a,, 
•in**.,, i |: ,.,,,„. 

M** A * i',sir ,_i i ,, r , , ^ m |>(jB4 
litana.t 

».„, . , -»•*■"' »;ial» I I 11 1 autre il 

UTAH. 

<m,,K-. Iluna,,, Traaadaf, 22U '-rant 



VERMONT. 



i 1 ' 1 1 * 1 1 1 1 1 * IV ; . i • 

I t n. mi „,. |; ; ,.„. , | 

V >t I m , | N I , • i . i , 

S i N. u ||„ 
■ 

1 I'l I I ii I , 1 I | ,r 

ii ' P'MlT'U 'I f ii i Uf r, 
■> L- Iia s . ti I S.i . 



U VSHINOTON. 

'■ » 

tVi tt B» l Vlt .t. 

t IM t. I A. \< ,|, (Irani , 

tl it i I IV. I . ■ ' " **** 

WEST VIROINI \. 

I1BI !1 '. I ■,' r. Mai ii 
i aa-f i a. ' vi . 7.1, . 



I M, . 
Ill t i i 
ll r 



v 1 * 1 '■ '•> v t, 

WISCONSIN. 

i. » 'i < ■ i 
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t * . 1 1 i a t 
arl ' ■ e it ,4 v ■ • 

■ e'.., f , , 



.11 I 



• 1 II i ; • r . i , 

1 1 . • ! 

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r'r .' . I I I'I , If 

.1" I 11 , 

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WYOMING 

r : immvxi til -I • , , . 



<M.I '*.!.. I l 4 .. 
• • ' i ; -t 



■ ,jiji.i 



l iii -i 'a 1 . . • rate tht . i ■ . 

I fit- ti.i'n Hi sin n:|. ! ! ,4V p it - ; . 
.v.i' :ii.. 1. 1- j ">}»/■> 1 . t . ; . J!i( | 

.{itendi r bhoulti <*:.,' y ;! ■ ai. . 

'ir 'i' V. lie illg l!,i- >tfpf| '. „;;,; 

.i ! IKIthct * J II !,. I v.. ...e 

>Ii<Ht1«l Viiw, TL.ti in • • - .,• 
Af4t'- t;iiit •.: tu have ii 1 - 7 



CUT THIS OUT 

II * • • • r% ' i\< • * I 

i« t ** I 

HOW ro / HAMIi I UOi >/., 
, r lltviite and t^n I i rawing 
bl OWtN 11. MAf.ir.'.M 



'a | a> A i* 



I , , 



' '• I I < . ' 



1 1 '. I 



I 



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I , * ■ ' rf 

: i I . in . , r ; < 

. • • . . ■ ,v . , in , Kari 



III ! , 

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IM I II U f fi* 

PARI t:i 
H "• ' Iiaaiei'iei iii* "tl'ira 

'I '»i I i » -' a J 

I ' 1 I (I'llH | I I • . . 

I II | a M | ■ ,i.ll' 

■ ' • I ' . inju'ir l< - r 
1 »i 'i III I ,-, , r.r.tf Vt - , , ul 1 ' 

Mirllh.i 

•' IV l< » • III kltati . ••• I 

1 1 1 'I V Vt . ,, : I, ,, 

. »i '. I |I'B*1 Uet a , bail 

««« 'twia. 

1 >• i|Bn V|l ||. . , f n . g i | 

I - • l« 1 I >,, .1. I r , . .ri *a 



PRICE ONLY 



$LG0 



"Roof Framing Qade L-jsy" 

I li t ai tndi i i, . k urn .. '.I' a ' *' 
k"-it , , an. | ii,te.a lift rtiin a-. a ' I . : ♦ i« 

' " *l P' Ml I ", MH , |dl W rvr " 

' *t| " -■ i . I Lava 

A j.,a ■, al anal r, ., , . ,„.i n > • t« •* 
an".. ,.m and fiimiua- i •> ., it't< ' : " u 
I) i Ini) . ..i.Airi" H. ,n [bt i' r 1 1, , .. i • . • ■ ' 
and witlligiUi anih tataHiarvt ii|«laaM»n "*' 



i.V PME PA It A THtb 
Price $i.uft 
" * T /«rti ft, •(inure up Waodvro^ 
for Uuildttiff**' 

*n . • liaaattvt ireaute ibma ni( i". ' ' '''•''', ' « 
ll " * idwurli ii i t iitrt I in I i i ... I •.'!.• "'7, 
' ■ nairaiad by <n.i i m tnvaaiAgt •» 1 
last 

aaad CaVtb oi Pom I MBi tOrdtr • " 



8*RKB-P D „ 
*T AI.BAMI-U B. 



It iw.kirn ti 

Ma.o.4 



OWliN II. MAf|INM>, 
jiu Won nHtli St., New VorkCIt" 



THE CARPENTER. 



MORRILL'S 

perfect Sow Sets, Bench Stops, Punches, Etc. 



No. 95 Saw Sat 



.«o. •< 



m ti 

fj$ttt i piece 



- No. S«7t 




MAS. MORRIU 



MAltK 
; H TRADE MARK IS 
|V PEO ON ALL 
V- f-TS AND OTHER 
A ARE 

gpr .ialties 

Of M | MAKE 

SEND FOR PRICES 



35 

Warren Street 
New York 




fU'F LAiEL CI6ARS 




1 • 1*1*' 1< prlntHl In t.Sark Ink en t (lit l!ti* 
M » . I U i f I eti th" ii»»r-t>«i [Me k 

1 . p w • I. tK»' I'. - l;*t«r,i,a U!n*t ou lb* b*<* M 
it. . i- ■ • i-r»rlj ipf • 111111 if ■<■>.-, r «»« i'.ii 
t ' . -t |Hm I.41-1 aftBWaBI i. n |kt 

« h f M IOWI'f! It 111* JIM » U !(■!!. M 

1 ' 1 ;i-I»- i if»m ftnil tatruirnl-miitlit 
UNION PRINTERS 1ABEL 



' UMK>N I 



[I. ■ ! « ' II 

<T ft A DCS ^[COUNCIL') ».'!.. tfllf »f »ha 

T y i->«T»p a I' ■ 1 

«• ! >• tlin d-rruan Tj|»>*r*| it*. H« 
.4 1 • ... <l M OOOJftOOai tttd l>" k »frk It 
1 * ■ < .•• Hi* uhmr iltil I -anti, n nt »ln te Ik* 




HAMMACHER 
BCHLEMMEB 

10 8 BOWERY 



SASH WEIGHTS 

E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use inferior Sash Weights when our Roods can be obtained from 
Mi } nood Hardware Dealer .' We claim foi our goods, 

HONEST WEIGHT 
NO LUMPS OR FINS 

ALL WEIGHTS WELL CLEANED AND PLAINLY MARKED 



Special Weights 



to 



Wo reopectfully 



Made as Ordered 



good* bo opacified 



ick it out! 




If your furnace is unaaliifactorjr 
"why worry?" Have one put 
in that is guaranteed to k>» 
satisfaction. The 

ACTIVE FORTUNE .no 
SPECIALTY hj»<nace* 

Give OREAT HEAT and rcqulro 

LESS FUhL 

than any other tnakra They 
burn PoftCooJ. olfO other amda 
tdcoal. and all ils jjancB, and are 
the moat economical for the 
housekeeper. There are thou- 
huikI* in use in Philadelphia 
huniea They are Bold hy 
dealers generally and may he 
aceu in operation at the 
Bolide ra' Eieaaore, IS M. Hh SU 
to the 1 



Thomas, Roberts, Stevenson Co, 

For Illustrated Booklet. BntTmtO, If. V. 

<s§><s§>@® 




New York, 



P. & F. Corbin 



Manufacturers, of 



Builders' Fine Hardware 

925 Market Street 

PHILADELPHIA 



PHONE No. 373* 



WM. P. WALTER'S SONS 

1233 Market Street. Philadelphia 

UEADQUABTKItS FOB 

The Latest and Most Approved Tools 



SEVr 'S PATENT MITRE BOX AND SAW GUIDE 



East!! 
Adjusted 




Compact 



Price, $2.00 



STANLEY'S 

UNIVERSAL PLANE. 

utounma 1 

Moulding Plants M,dch,$asb,Ch,im far, Beading, 
Reeding, Fluting, Hullow, Round, Plow, Dado, 
Rabbet, Filletster and Slitting Plane. 

No. 55 TTniversal Plane, $16.00 

with S2 coTTtna. 
tW I'll* ['Ian* !» Nirkrl I'latrq ; die S3 Cat »r« art 

«ri4»cp<t in tuut «ri*Arata ciaHj »n<i iht faun 

. ..1 in >• pai 1 11 a nci WuoJmi it.,i. 

■OLD BY at . HARDWIRE Df ALIUS, 




Price List of the Bailey's Pure J{ye 




Brown Label 
Black " 
Bra an " 

Yillnw " 
Whiti " 

Parfsctlan (12 years old) 



9 .75 
1.00 

1.25 
1.50 
1.75 
2.0D 



ENDORSED BY ALL PHYSICIANS 
OF PHILADELPHIA 

Huey & Christ 



1209 Market Street 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 




Overalls 



THE CARPENTER. 



LANE'S BARN DOOR HANGERS 





'STANDARD 



"SHtCiAL." SO, 



We are the originators and largest makers of V shaped hangers. Get 
the GENUINE LANE HANGER for beta tattsfrctioft. 

ALSO LANE PARLOR DOOR HANGERS. 

Goods Sold by Al! Hardware Dealers. ^A$DWAKBsP$?ati7ies 

LANE BROTHERS COMPANY 

422-54 PROSPECT ST. POUGHKEEPSIE, NEW YORK. 



THE ATHA TOOL CO newark^n.j. 
Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 




WILL PULL A WIRE BRAD 
Material. Best Shape. Best Finis* 



FIRST-CLASS BOOKS. 

Cheap, Practical and Useful. 

M 'Jill 1.1 (AKITTIHV 4"» H»lllilKli iyt> 

iMtr . • M Bf 

Tilt. Hi ii in QtilUI in l.-jimr*j(« 

i '«n i Bou*. Iloilgwrn I •* 

Tmk Btkkl taiuftK, (ni> Hdw in Van it. i on 
Prum. ii. C.tin'i x titT. Hod|i»n 100 
H-iajii-IIi'iiimih Wauk K*-t. IlodgioB . 1 0" 
H*-r. Raiuim Ham. E*-t i W 

Till'. Caui'I xtm'ii Hi n in n - l imn in 

(MfiU'.i . . I fit 

Addrn* I'. J M< f.rlUK. 

I <><. -M. I'Mlwii'lpliin, l'» 



We will in it Ice you to order u t*u knife 
)ik« rut above, with your picture and 
Dime thereon, with chamois cut, for not 
■lollmr, or a bit; two-bladed Carpenter! 
Knife wuli German mlver rap, black 
handle, 75 cent*, or tortoine shell handle, 
one dollar. Bladen warranted to stand 
banl wood coping 



E. LOCK WOOD 
too poplar St. Otlm. Mm. 




FORTUNA WROUGHT BRONZE 
DOOR and WINDOW 
TRIMMINGS. 

FOKTUNA LOCK SETS 

Mftdf up with stetl Mortlie 1-ock- Kt-el sliding IW 
Locki, Front L>m)r Uekt, CcjUBlHa Lncfci, Kiias- 
wto Pin-Tumbler In 



If 



#/i /Wee A«vf %/> //J 

4 ERWIN MFG. CO. 



NEW BRITAIN. 
PHILADELPHIA 





NEW YORK 
BALTIMORE 




ARE 
YOU 
A 

UNION 
MAN 7 
THEN 
STAND 
UP 
FOR 
THE 

PRINCIPLES 
OF 

ORGANIZED 
LABOR 
AND 
WEAR 
UNION 
MADE 
CLOTHING. 

QM jour dralrr M buy tlieje |god»— do H f.ir Hi* nktii( »nd jamV Mp \b* VVltiH , 

wr'li tend r« l »P* ISPMUr*, .ani|.iM »dJ •*» u.i-Murrroi-m blink, ■ tih a .Uit.t „ i 
I I«lh»r rwwkiit wnuirtn-iuoi !«h.¥ ff.« 

HAMILTON CARHARTT & COMPANY, DETROIT, MICHIGAN, 

Hu firm IkM i. B,.kHi| IINIOII MAW • MM* HMU l 




O 

o 



(/) 

D 

D 
< 



if 

< 

C 



c 
o 

■« 
c 

4) 



w x 
g LU 
GO 



CO CeO 



u 

Of 

c 

L. 

o 



« -2 

M ~ 
3 > 

< i 

c £ 
E a 

£ E 

O 3 

o x 



a 

□ 

c 
o 

« 

I a 

°° LU 



LU J 
CD 





i o 

D i_ 
< CO 

a > 
a 

CO 



jr. l o 

be a 1 



ANCHOR BRAND 
Adze Eye Nail Hammers 




LARGEST MANUFACTURERS IN THE WORLD 



FAYETTE R, PLUMB, 



Philadelphia 



INCORPORATED 



"Stempel" 
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty, 
Quickness and Power In Action 

Tested to 400 Poundi and Pally Warranted 
Approved by 



«*- a JRR BUI r. PURS' XXCHANGK, 
UNITHU GAB IMPKOVKUKNT CO 
PROVIDKNT Llf H AND TRUST CO 
HQUITABUB TROST CO. 
UNION TRACTION CO. 



ACADHMV OI : PJ *t *« 1 
KNICK8RBCK K BK CO 
fBNCOYD IR>>> V.-i 
A M KR [CAN P . ' LBK CO. 



H. R. 

1217 FILBERT ST. - - PHILADFt PHIA, A. 



BENNETT 





A VI mthly Journal for Carpenters Stair Builders, Machine WuoJ Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries 



VOL. XX. -No. 3. \ 
Established 1881. J 



PHILADELPHIA, MARCH, 1900. 



{ Fifty Cents Per Year. 
( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



Disston's New "TRIUMPH" Sawset 

THE MOST PERFECT SET EVER MADE 



The Two Plungers 
do the Work. 

One Holds the Blade 
The Other Sets 
the Tooth. 




Easy, Powerful and 
Accurate in Action. 



Sold by all Hardware 
Dealers, 



Made in Three Sizes— Lar£e, Medium and Small. 
HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Incorporated 



Polished Finish Only. 
Particularly Adapted for Narrow Saws. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



I 

if 



- 



- 



TAINTOR 
POSITIVE 
SAW SET 

I ItOtIM l"!' "f till* l<»i| 
1 HI bmi aoM, KH'I t!lr> 
■ t t kjflllt < f ifiimrn'lril by 




If « "'it Ilnnlwnrr ilrnlrr <|i*« 
iii.i ImmUr- Mimi ilmi i takr mi 
Infi Ih-i-hiim- "imr our 

TAIHTOR MFG. CO. 
8 TO 15 MURRAY ST. 

.V/ If' 1VJJCA' 




(BftDMZC on BRASS 

FOR^UBY dealers in builders hardw 



Sharp Tools do Good Work 

India Oil Stones 

MANUFACTURED BY 

THE NORTON EMERY-WHEEL CO. 
Worcester, Mass. 

The Pike Manufacturing Co. 

PIUM STATIOS. S. II. '5> Vhambern Ml. 

Even and Clear Grained PIKES 

Great Strength of Material. Adaptability LILY WHITE 
to all required shapes. WASH IT A. 

Remarkable Cutting qualities. The bert Oil Stoat on earth. 

Imperii ■ fine edge. Put up 1" »wo Krada* 
—i.t .•oil medium, i oaree.&rii. end hard me- 
dium linoKTii. r.ath ""»• '•belled, telling 
wheihar harder tall, *nd guaranteed to give 
abtolute aeiiifettion. The Mine atone i» 
made in %ni^r »lipi am! all ipecial ihapei. 
AM leading hardware dealer*. 
Send for booklet on the autiject of oil alone,. 
How to aeleci aod uae them, i on tain J nj a d*i 
aeration of ihe oil alone, on th« market, wha- 

TNCFIXE «*•».' *U tUTHM, i. ■. 






KIND WORDS FROn UNION flBN 
have done much to build 
up our great trade on 



Keyst( 



;one 

Overalls and Pants. 

WE THANK YOU. 




6m that K*y*toiM > It'i on the Ticket 

loth year la bualoeu aa 
had a strike; that'* our 
labor record. 

CleTeland & Whitehill Co., 

NEWBUROH, N. Y. 





W. S. Thomsons 



Solid milled, Sdsh, Door, lllij 
: owam «d 6r 



413-420 W. 27th. St 



NEW YORK 




Sworn Circulation of THE CARPENTER, 

33,000 Copies Monthly. 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, 
Wood Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and j£ 
Building Materials. Also of Special Advantage tc 
Contractors, Architects and Business Med. 

1 



THE CARPENTER. 



IMPROVED MACHINERY The Egan Company 




FOR CARPENTERS, BUILDERS. 
SASH. DOOR ft BLIND WORK- 
ERS, ETC. 



Particulars for the Asking 



A Money Saver" 



New No. Vertical Single Spindle anj 

'VIII be found to possess many 
Advantages and Conveniences, 



J. A. FAY & CO. 

514 to 534 W. Front St. 

.CINCINNATI, O. 



40b to 42b W. Front Street, CINCINNATI q 

WOOD WORKING 

MACHINERY 




FOR A LI. CLASSES < '[ 



WORK 




FOOT AND HAND POWER MACHINERY 



COMPLETE OUTFITS 

Carpenter and Bulldt-n without steam power oan 

■ut-cfsafullr eoiiJ|pet? with tne Urge aliope by 
usi»n our New Labor Saving Ma-hiserr 
Sold on Trial, Srndfur Calalspw A 

SENECA FALLS MFO. CO. 

ii Water St. Stntco FalU, JV. K, £'. 5. A. 





THE ATKINS SAW 

In Malarial, In Finish, In Cutting Qualities 

Warranted the Best 

E. C. ATKINS & CO. 



SAW MANUFACTURERS 



INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



mm 6*«inWB. ATTENTIO N I^^K 

The •mlj LBII03 MADE Hand, Back, ud Panel H*w»,-«*.Qf*ctorH 



£. G. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the fallowing, from Carpenters' Unions : 
To f ft* Cmrpoufr* of the rafted Btmtem mad Cmnmdm t 

Wj hereby certify that the Saw* made br R, C. Atkles ft 
Co , of Indianapolis, Ind., are strictly UNION MADE GOODS, 
■ad are flrat-clese In quality, 

W* are Instructed to alga this certificate by our respective 



&CHLUDER 



In*. 



O, O. SMOOK 

Prmdrnl Cmrftntsri Umirn /ft India mitpoli t. Ind 

Is paid for by Saw Habere' V 
ft 1, •( 



TOWER & LYON 




M*Mt;F*<TV«itiia ,,r 



99 Chambers Street 
MiW VOMK 



FINE TOOLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

Corrugated Face or Smooth* Fare 
■ed Rubb»r H«iri(tW tr 
Wnrwl Handles 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 
TOWER'S CHAfvlPlON SCREW DRIVERS 



Solid Tattled Bolster. He.r T Mill F.rs's. f I Bt .d 
imitatio»s 



Nr» Vo i H.irul THiner and Jolatet. 

Will make < ilue Joint-, e iii.fr Concave 
or Convex, will Plane fHit "t Wind, Bp.iJ. 
Corner, Chamfer, < iroovr. I »a»n, Rabbet, 



III J do 



rneral run 



, IrVe 
...Invite 

. . .Correspondent 




THE OEM SCRTBER 

useful to all mechanics, carpenters espe- 
cially, and being very email . can be carried 
in the vest pocket. Cut la two-thirds act 
nal size. Ask your hardware dealer for it 
and see that it bears the stamp of F. Brill 
k Co. For further information address 

F. BRAIS & GO 
366 Klrttaaa Street Cltvtlaai, Okie. 
Price • - - 26 Cante 



The New System 

OF EDUCATION 

Architecture 




A rr- hi lemur* J Km 
Ht*uu, lUertrirmi Mrcj*»' 
I. -el I'll ii and Miuiimj 
Eti<t1neertn« ; I ■ r a „ . 
KU(»lrllli; < t,»li. -ur. I 
l*hJnit>ll>«\ ffcuia tr+ t in M 
Shorthand; Lu,,,^ 
K • 

TAUGHT BY MAIL 



Over SO _ 

P « I na 

anl mriti S»U't lur (r« mtmlan, -*nn.< 
Hie eul.jert in whirl, foo ar* i 
Tata iiiuiiiioltL tuiu«inm<iii i ■.. nn.juk, 
■•■ tut*. (WnilH. I" a. 




THE VERY BEAT FURNACE 

Is made rifjltt here in Philadelphia and is ttaed 
everywhere by wise people. It is 

THE PARAGON FURNACE 

and it is the best furnace because it j*ives more 

beat to the square inch than any other furnace 

made. Its unique 

construction renders 

this possible. 
"Hlits abost Haatlig" 
will Interest and help yon. 
It is Fbkk, 



THE VERY BEST RAN6E 

Is also made In Phila- 
delphia. It is 

THE EXCELSIOR RANGE 

made in seven sties and every conceivable style. It 
has been known to Philadelphia housekeepers for the 
past jo years as the very beat range 

The ' MAGIC » range fills the bili for a small com- 
pact, inexpensive range. Pull description sent free 
upon request. 

ISAAC A. SHEPPARD & CO MAKERS 

1801 North Fourth Street * Philadelphia 





Satisfaction 



is given all around when the hou* 
is trimmed with Sargent's hardwun 
The Architect is pleased because In 
specified it; the owner is pleased 
each time he looks at the trimming* 
because they add so much to tin 
beauty of the home, and every.>od; 
is pleased with the working <>!' Sn 

gent's Easy Spring Lochs. 
Sargent & Company, 

Makers o( Artistic Hardware and Fine I ' ■ 
New Yoik. vy aB d New Haven, Conn. 



1 
I 





V B I J 



\ V 



i! f.ir C 



■nter 



VOL- XX. No. 3. f 
Established 1881. ( 




A k ii u\ , l<tt»ti Tin utiitni In ii 

I' I, . .t. I VM ■ '.«■' i 1 1" ll.ni ,1 



,1.. r lup ol [ill! • I • tin 



|| . ■ . i | i > Hi] ffii ' ii | i .in 

s , i , ■ in > i '!'!u ■ i in m t ■- (i w 

. 1 . in>l 1 1n ■< in i ■ ''I li IK 1 1 ti i t \vi i 

, ■ tfllff I I < » *l 1 1 I' • *\ 1 1 1 til 

» , \ I \\ :i 1 ii ■ i In it I t mi' 

v , ■ . . nivtl iImhi] iwetii iwi uii in 

V, .l,.tii f : \'i f Hi ),i..thi j>j 

... , 1 . in ; !n t di -m :< • tt. >V i I niuti 



M"-. 1 1 . ■ >M i h \ . \\n W > I] It i 'ii 
! i' wfj miring • Rti '-;■»<» t - Tt 
v ii ■ : ,w| .i i.. ( -iit. - igi • i h i« It* ii 

.!,;. aMi it l,< » il I ii ii ' i i IP M .i - 

■ ' !ii' i i hip 

I ' \ \- , . I.I.I Ilka) 1 I ' I i ;.'ll' in w 
r,i v ' ■ - |||i| I mm. * I !- -ti .i>l:!\ Mi 
i ;i i«m,* I '"I HH Itll" ' ■ 'l 1 lull' lIlV" 

t.i • )|. -,i . i - ■ |1 ..[ |.i I Tl i ! i it l! itiU '! |l .1 

u i hi a 11 Mi?rkttix toward thit i ml. 



R** mi - 1 ik S V 1 "i' m< ■ ' H ■■' 

'.I. II IV |l 'I I "hi ' • »l»OW 

tig •lecp IHtun ' i n t lii ; 4 • • - • 1 '! I. 1 1 1 
I'ltimi l| ."•i, 1 -1 1 1 il- il „• .1 ■> • li i . i drill 
mj • ■ i < In mi nil i i lii|, duii'v tin ] i-|ii \v 



in wrii iir, \ I W nli i littti 
Ht»»ri m i in in, tl.i- tin- i (hufoughb 

HHi.n | || , \\ i || m (hi .1 -1-1 Uii • and 
MU'lUI >'_'. tin III <'l ill till' bUlldlUg tM'll », 
1 ' ■ i ; ' ' I- aihlltlg In il - tin III 1 i i -lnj> it 
i vi t mi .tin ■ 



(> i >\ i s< . n i\, K '. \\ ■ 'ii ii 1 1 1 ' ,1 1 1 1 1 in v 
l» y\ ni'i - in mil Im il nnnm- in i'i'l> l t" 

iwiitii in ti anion mi ii 1 1 * join "in i ink 

Hi' uii i . .Hi t.i Mi I illi i"l' 'I l'"W 

lli 'II . it tin *, w< li \\ i II iliWiil 

* IV rrollgjl I h-1 1 1. I I nil Ii. il 



I- I . I"\ 1*1 W l-lllllg|i.ll Iln 'lid (J 
*.i- i i li 1. 1. i|i t| \i\ I ninii • I hi i< to i- 
I largl il li ml i hi i "I mi inl.i i - iii I ij'Hli .i 

tmiiiiii t "i initiations, \ ni'i 1 " 1 *a* 
Wrveil during iiti i \i iihv . 1 1 I ih'iM 
1*1 " 'il ' iij"\t <l i iii'lll k I tilW 

• ►«.)>» s l ull VV'i Xbk\\ 1 in "Hi 'I i"i i v 

!lV' "lit i .) .ilmiil hCVfllt) i il | • Iiti I - 1 1 1' I 

J i In ti . Will ti"l n -I until Ml li in 

'I" in ittl in I Html ISO. \\ i l lUIMlli ' 

"'■•I IM ll.lVl lllllll MIV \M II. .Ulil .III II 

CtlVltlR ivi r> riifinii.i^i im nl in I In ^imkI 
Wi.ll: 

*«* 

Raw m atm i, C»l. Lucnl I'nimi 162 i- 
Ecttiiin Uong Hicvly, Kv«r> rrtrj>enJvi 

1,1 Uii' tiivwi is ^ ii h it 1 1 11 i . W in n ,i in « 
Man .nrivi s. tun) In fort* llu- rn]n- l*ofi ln^ 
''ml ihi st. we [ttdUO! llilil to fill nut Ills 

*t>plicttiiati, W« are growing Kti-mlil) In 
tUttroLvra. 



, Stair BuikliTs, M.khint 1 Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries, 



PHILADELPHIA, MARCH, 1900. 



f Fifty Cents Per Year. 
( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



I"- 1 J li H'Vii . w]\ nil tHi "1 '" 

■ I' ■ ' >i liujWiit^ h> i' \« nli inn' nrti'in 

1 " 'i '""!• i u i in | i Ii i i| .i i| In, 

tui}v\ \iti t i '■ . t i ■ i -tnti 1 ".ii. '!n 

•1 1 lii 1h' liuil.'-li;' 'ft ,<)' - "1 s.m 

M n i .1 i ||i 1 mi i li mil , ri .in >.i!i I v.itii i in 

Mi 1 1 1.' ii u'f ■ 'l i" i nifi)»i luiinti mi n. 
•unl lUiti iwrvtrimu t» ]h-ih mil 
li inn. in . in i In i» mi iMil Itllli lldiil i 



M m S 111 T' i in. n. I. w - "i I.-" ul 

f tlvll ;* "i_''':... I in ..J., n ntfcrtiiin 

• > ' V. i I 'I'll, ti :\ • .1 ! UtJJl 't* ItttlrtL't 

ill. I rti Iwi) l\\"\it\ itlih -]•> i List Iwi 
nii'tni '. "' iln I"m:i. Tin H"il."(' <<r- 

' 1 1 1 . ni'i'i i» m«*v>»iy ilnii'j •■ it:-i •' i"i ;h 
lli i. 



I N '.vi R5I) l tT\ Mi. h i in. "I tin* 

til" t I'llJllV (1 ill I \ I tit v |,( t|||- M.ISOll \\.|. 

Ill ii . ].|."ii nut l'.iN'|in t i ii Itv 1'iiimi 
.'J> mi tin i \i itiif.' nf tin- -til i;.-.t. All 
lli' i .ii ].i m< r~ in. I C'intmctur* in tin- i it \ , 
.Mill tln ir l.miilii -. \mh invited :mi| in 
• il! lull-. 20ll win jin-M in. Tin- niiimi 

li-svi tin |*ti Miicnt i ven li.iinNiiini 
■ ' l' ivi ! wji>i /"lilt n lot n-t hatviV . 



K . ii.im. 1* i Tin in. '• i il. ■ iriMmiii 
. iu' it. i - n i. in in td- in i- I,... il i 'linn 
. ■ i : 'V I nio .t Halt' In r. Ii i- 

'.ii 11 |. i^i .J ("I ..Ill lln it, ItJJS >■•>••■! 

• .i in . .ii ;« nl*i i :i Kiiuiltit! vmII l« hi "HI" 
iiiik-. Tin n i- i Uiliu Ji**1 i >t .i j ■] .1 !i i nt ^ 
i "t mi mhvr^bit' 



Mi.iMM, M..I, w H'mi gi t«>d news 

?i..i!i It'.. ni - i Iti- ii! mil'! ilbipv, 

.ni'i hi in i " 1 1 * t . 1 1 1 1 1 \ itflilittx t« iiur list 
"• nn tu'. 1 1- ,\ Ru\t<Kiig TtsmIi.'** Onmcil 
!. , ' i ■ || firgnrti/i .1, md ii i attfuH i.iil tu 

i . MtM>iiictiv< "' * i 1 1 -u'.i-. (hurnteel- 

itijjn iin *i nil mil .1. 



\\ ' » k . .-[ik VI . - U i .ni i uruilmy 
■ iu in. 'tiiit- it i\.t' Dicftinv uf imth 

|i M ..1 ntni.it- W'lnli In «i-)ii|i I'.i.itlii i 
i*tiiillilt<l 'tul tit**) wifl iiMMnji ttk i ir)'i it 
t. 1 1 1 tin tn-.s ti II. it tin (mil milium 
...1 \\i mil ml V.I i j. it itji. \\ ■ Ii ivi! 

-Ill , I . '|. <\ 111 11 -T ■"!•!. til;' Itllll j ''■- 



K.imi i.i W. if tu ikin^ ,ni ni'jc- 
iin in- tin i [Mil iTi< nn < I'iil* it ni i .ii T. 
■ I ili . Tlii ' "1" ■ 1 1 ' ii j" uti i -■ ii i m i i 
.itiMnii- t" "t.vitn.'i itnil ni ,i|'|'iii itnni 
' i i i i ii n ii t will, in ''' i '>'«''■ il'iln \ , I " 
-nit it' 'IntiiiL* tin it wnT "i lW(t. 
I,,„ ,1 I ni' Ml J' I I* ni \it**\ i iiinhinni 



i n Hi Tin Ituilttin-tj Ti nli - 

i,, nn. il 1ii> i|.]K.int, .| i I'li-nu fji nt. 
.u.| hi-- IIP -< in i m tlii 1 1 1 1< I will, nn 
i|"l|lill 'II . . |.|"M i ffi it I" in t'l t" .ill 
|,| , r , h, - ..) tin iK|j iiil/.ilnni. 'I't nli li 

in M .ii i.n -' ni . i in when lln -tiffing 
-i * -." 1 1 .ri> in hii-nn -- will Ih» rvvi>*Mi. 



Nukw m.k. t. "im iin Ptfbniwj !7tli, 

I,,,, .ii i n i , l. i.i.n. .1 n- ninth num. i 

mrt wtili i i u n-'» 1 1 nnl lit«inrj i ttu t- 

(iiilttlll'Uti Tin n « .i- .i l-n .itli ml.ilH » 
n| in, ml., is .nnl m. mlv Ki tit Onm til > 

win -.mi •!. 'i" ' ' if - were mmk' »twl th« 
nitiri ttffnii wh* ittrticMtarlj mtcccwful, 



iininhi r nf Lnlifs nt a farjit-ntrrs' sm i.il . 

Hi- iva>* promptly willed upon for a speech , 
Hi- vim- i ( har and encouraging talk mi 
iln- needs "i* organizstioni also mi the 
|>rn»peroUi» condition of tin- United Bro- 
therhood, 



n in \ i.i nhv.N. V. -f)n the hth init., 
i.", il i ni'in 1 1 li-hrati'l tin fourteenth 
mttsyer^af t of ii« founding. Anvlaboratc 
l«HucpK*t was provided, ami an excellent 
tun i. ; programme, [trother Burku nt 

tin I'.imii ' t'ni'.ii wa- tin* nr-itnr nf the 

"ii i ■-!> >n . Iiiiu'uil: vrA» kept up until the 

-mil! i r- "f tin- following morning. 

f'lilh tw*> hundred mwnher*, wivtst and 
-«' i tin .rt-- win- pretient. 

» tt n - - 

t. wri'N. in i nn- ywir ■•>;" «t hs*d 
ii" t .>rin nt> i I'nton here, Tii 'lf. we 
li.-.' i 1" I mill nur tinm mentber»< 
Two i ii i .1."' i .irj« nl'. r- ivorknl for 
»' .' |,ir lias i"r tin limn-, ln-ilay wt 
;n i fot iinii limirs. With one ea- 
ce*j»t«m even contmcbn in town ha* rec- 
"^in/i.! tin- utiioti, hut we will have the 
lotu-h "tn witli n- very Mtan, I^ocal 
I'll,.. ii 2 1 : i- (iwrfiing ri^'ln in tin front. 



S KWPOItT Ni.ws. V». We hope in 
IncreaNC owi iftetnlatrahip «m»k|etmW* 
Itctween now awl the first May. At out 
List itieeting we Initiated fifteen hew 
member* ami have "« inanj mure a]r|>lica- 
UunaOH haml. Wi havf arranged fur a 
public meeting <>n .'.''l Inst., and hope to 
Hecurc tin attendance "f all the coptract- 
lora. 



MosTRKAt,, Can, Organised labor in 
Montreal .unl Quebec ha- protested, with 
tin result thai the gctventtiienl has prom* 
,si.| to consider the p«>sMbilttj nt amend* 
»m ih, n<n. vi, in rkieieties taw to suit 

Workitlgmeii's urnaiii/ation.s. In tile 

uieantimt ill wteo t" complj with the 
(ib^ectkmabli measure have heeh with* 
drawn h* tin autboritifs We believe 
tin rptestion will t tv settleil to out nhnn- 
Uge. tiocal I ! 4 i- Eucreasing. 

Iftit'STON, res I.i n .il \ Tumi 104 is 
nt'.'.in'.: along ill tin- iisiiiil way, lakni^ ill 
new ineinbers .ilunist ever} night, keep- 
ipu up tin urgnlllMltiotl With lar^r anil 

ittterestimt meeting* Wt- had a new 
feature in th* »lw|s nf an aucthm sale at 
mir Li*l meeting. Brother Kogsn was 
nn limn i t nnl In pnweetlei' to sell the 
i""l-. nt tin l ii. n her John Strlckling 
im ih, in in in "i in- family, jjuite a 
numls i .a tin tools were sold, Inriuging a 

v;. ii "I | >ru i . 



R\t iM , w i- Kxceltent progress is 
tK'irlg ni, nli in tin work "i nrguni/ation 
a- tin' direct result "i Brother Cattei 
mutt's \i-it ber< t« ■ months ago. j|i- 
-jm i h wa- m able otte, and hi* advice to 
■ mi nii inht i- "'i different rjnestions he*. 
inn tin rnioti win full*, appreciated, 
Wr hope t" ha*i*« him with ti- again in 
tin ih w future unl will hold a great tna— 
meeting, an thai all interested in Hit- in- 
dtistriul i|in -tiuti may have an opportu- 
nity to hear him, 

» »«VI. 

CtKXKKWiCH, Ct i in. The banquet 
given i' Ute memlm- of ITiion l'Uito 
their frtends in re last wceb proved ■ 

lleckled siiniss. Ahmit I 5 .!) win- jirfsftU. 

tU tinal preiddent liulier Kturpeiaed all 
liatnls by dropping in to sve the boys, 
ami was in turn uurj-rised to find a goodly 



San Francisco, Cat. Local Union 22 
i elebrated it- eighteenth anniversary nn 
tin- i7th nt last month an entartain- 

mi ni .unl hull ;it Old Fellows' Jlall. It 
ttiirjiasaed anything thai has ever been 
presented in this lint* given by a lat">r 
nrganigation in this eity, Iielegations 
from all local affiliated unious ami from 
iln- branch wganizations in San Mateo, 
Vallejo, OukUmd, Alameda, San Rafael 
nnl San jn-i- participated in the feativi- 
tv -. Ute Union haj during its existence 
mailt- steady progress, unl on the 1st "t 
September, I --j. made its first demand and 
gained tin Saturday eight-hour 'lay. on 
January I, i--'. the general nine-hour 
day wa- secured both fur Ran Francisco 

unl Oakland, ami the eight-hour 'lay on 

May I. i-ki. The memttership has steadily 
increased, The records show that at some 
uf it- meetings even as high a- eighty- 
-iv members have been Initiated atone 
single meeting, Union is at present 
in a thoroughly healthy and k 1 "^ condi- 
tion, 

Eleven New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 

i 's. Brantford, t)nt, 

SOt). HutU-r, J'a. 
SOI n.men, 0s< 

-i". Canandrsigua, N. v. 

suv Depew, Sf. v. 

x >A. Chicago, III., ' Jewish, i 

mis. Litchfield, III. 

506, ('.aim -Mile, T'-x. 

W8 Phenix, via. 

Ho. "Duqnoin, Ml. 

"ft7. Ottvmwa, Iowa, 

Making a gram) total nf 2<)J new unions 

chartered during the post twelve months 

What The Unions Have Done. 

*■ Attacked ami denounced oa tcarcely 
any other institution ever has been, the 

Unions have thriven ami grown in the 
f.n e uf opposition. This healthy vitality 
has been ilne tn the faet thai the\ wi re a 

genuine product of Rectal nceda indta- 

lii iisihle as a p TOteat ami a struggle 
against the abuses of industrial govern- 
ment, ami inevitable as a consequence of 

thai i nii-einusm ss of strength inspired 

by the concentration of numbers under 
the new condition* "f Industry. They 

have been, as is ttOW a<lmilti «l hj almn-t 
all earn I ill mi mis, instruments of | 't"^i i M. 

Nut tn s|K*ak uf the material advantages 

the\ have gained fur wnkinginen, they 
have developed powerful sympathies 
among theni, ami UUghl them the lesson 
of seU-sai*ritii*e in the new interest of 
their bre-Utcrn, ami, still more, uf their 
successors. They have infused a new 

spirit oi Indepeudcace ami rwlf-reapect. 

They have brOOgbl SOnU "f the best men 
to the front, ami given them the asren- 
dency due t" their fiersonal '|Ualities ,unl 
desirable in tin- interests of society." — 



' THE CARPENTER 



IMPROVED MACHINERY 




FOR CARPENTERS, BUILDERS, 
SASH, DOOR &. BLIND WORK- 
ERSi ETC. 



The Egan Company 



. . Particulars for the Asking . 



A Money Saver" 



New No.*3y Vertical Single Spindle and 
ni*k Sander. 

Will be found to possess many 
Advantages and Conveniences. 



J. A. FAY & CO. 

514 to 534 W. Front St. 

.CINCINNATI, O, 




FOOT AND HAND POWER MACHINERY 



COMPLETE OUTFITS 

C»rponler tntt liutldrn withont aiMm power mi 

sui'wssfully ci>tii|irtf wilt) the larfte nlmpi bj 
UTtirs k tiur Now Ijkbor Saving Muchiimrj. 

Sold tm Trial. Semdfvr Catalttyut A. 

SEHECA FALLS MFS. CO. 

11 WatfT St. Stntca Falli. A*. K, V.S. A. 




THE ATKINS SAW 

In Material, In Finish, In Cutting Qualities 

Warranted the Best 

E. C. ATKINS & CO. 

SAW MANUFACTURERS INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



406 to 426 W. Front street, CINCINNATI Q 




N>w Vi> L' N.irul rimer »nd t.nnirr 

Will make < Hut l<>int>>, fitiit-r Concave 
or Convex, w ill Mane out <>t Wind. Bead, 
Corner, Chamfer, < iroove. Gain, Rabbet, 
and Jo a Kfneral run ot work. 



WOOD WORKING 

MACHINERY 

FOR ALL CLASSES ( i| \\()R K 
...Invite 

. . . Correspondence 




THE OEM SCRTBER 

useful to all mechanics, carpenters espe- 
cial]?, and being very amall. can be carried 
in the vest pocket. Cut is two- thirds act- 
ual size. Ask vour hardware dealer for it 
and aee that it bears the ■tamp of F 8 rail 
4 Co. For further information address 

F. BRA 18 & OO- 
366 Klrtlaed 



The New System* 

I 




Or EDUCATION 

Architecture 



Htrktn.Klwtriral Mrr 1 
Intl : (.'it it mi] Miuiaa I 
Bti« Injuria ; |iriwn,7 
Kuprtjloi; ti,»n:™f,- 1 
NumMria; ft,N,k tMpliw 
no on hand ; Lu k ,ni> 
br»ni tin 

TAUGHT BY MAIL , 
Ova* SO ( <wr»«« 
'. r h«i» h*]p*.1 I houMiula to l«it,t |. . I „t 
■ nil mirki B»ui1 ." .r fr»» eit.-ul*ri. rtttiaa 
i- - • ul>|«rt in ■ fiifh »«o *r» mUtMiri 
TUI l]rmui l IH)l4l. cun,«ri.llin, i 



\MM CABPPNTFIfS. ATTENTIO N 



The enly UN 105 MADE Haad, Back, and Panel Naws,*maanf4cttirf 4 

bf 



E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

8ee the follow fug-, from Csrpeaters' Unions : 
To tk« CmrpenUrm of the raited Btmtem mad Canada t 

We hereby certify that the Saws made bv H. C. Atkins a 
Co , of Indianapolis, Ind., are strictly UflON MADE HOODS, 
aad are first-class In quality. 

We are Inetnscted to sign thU certificate by our respective 



Prmiint LarpmUrt Unitm No. to, /mdiamsfioiii, 1*4. 

d. O. SMOOK. 

C»rp*n.t*rt (Mm JV« tit, /mdimmafotit, Ind 
I paid for by hw Makers' Union 
Wo. I, •* \ 



t Vi a- • t 

* iff 

• J H i |L. - I 

1~\T J J 



BEST Ft'SNACR 

is made rtRht here in Philadelphia and is used 
everywhere by wise people. It is 
THE PARAGON FURNACE 

snd it is the best furnace hecanse it Ki*es more 
heat to the square inch than any other furnace 
maile. Its unique 
construction renders 
this possible. 
"Hie is abeet Heallaa" 
Interest and ijelp you. 
Frkk. 



will 
It is 



THE VERY BEST RANGE 
. is also made in Phila 

f delphia. It is 

THE EXCELSIOR RAN6E 



msde in seven sizes and every conceivable style. It 
has been known to Philadelphia housekeepers for the 
past to vears as the very best range 

The MAGIC " range fills the bili for a amall cotn- 
upon reqaest"'" PM <iesCrl P tio n atQt free 

i S 4^£ A - SHEPPARD & CO., 

180I North Fourth Street Philadelphia 




OP 



TOWER & LYON 



V.1 Chambers Street 
MiW YORK 



FINE TOCLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

Corrugated Face or Smooth* Pare 
ftfl Robber Handlet « r Eaameled 
Mond Hnndlra 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 
TOWER'S CHAMPION SCREW DRIVERS 

Ittssl. T«Ud To H h T«s«. Boll. TaoiUd Bslilsr. H.sr, M ill Fsri's. Flstad kuaUs 

■Kwaaic oa> m.TaTioaa. 





Satisfaction 

is given all around when the hou*< 
is trimmed with Sargent's ]ianl\v;i:> 
The Art hitect is pleased becatlRC lt> 

specified it; the owner is please 
eaen time he looks at the trimming 
because tliej- add so much to tli- 
beauty of the home, and everybody 
is pleased with the working uf Sai 
Kent's Kasy Spring Locks. 

Sargent & Comfanv, 

Mattcrtof Artistic Hardware ;m<l Klnc I 
New York, n. V, .ind New Haven. < <">"• 



i. 

t 



j 



' » 



tl 




\ \V»nthiv l.ntrnal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 



VOL. XX. No. 3. f 
E stablished 1881. | 



PHILADELPHIA, MARCH, 1900. 



f Fifty Cents Per Year. 
\ Single Copies, 5 Cts. 




I i ■i'ii Th< anion I" fl 

i, • . nil I »i • < ;•• ■ i t>» havi h 
• . it, h 1 1 dnp i full • • • '■. 



u'l i - nil 11" ' ")" '<■■ ' "' 

1 . . ii. •. '! !n ti i 1 . M I . !■ w 

r |lti • mtlHtUtd lo tw*> 

• .,«.• - 

\ : \ \ t Wtlhtu t hitti linn 

vn ' , ■ i hi 1 1 ihottt IM*W IWVk UN tri 
i , . \', . tti- i|»>1(l) KW'II ill iln I in it hi t » 

., . ■ ■ in ilii ft 'ii i«< mi nl .i i !i!nti 

\i.s. i • ,..M i k \ . \1 1 U ■ h im Wi 
ivoVd n "i U ii>i/iti>; i Jin '■•hit,' Tt ih 
ml i 1. i in' ugi 1(1 ), i- I hp ti 

|,l il ll I Till*! 1 | Hi | I .) 

i j if in< mix i !ii]'. 

»» , 

) \ \ ■ . i i.i.i I u'l I "i t • ■ i^bi in a 
;:ii ?•■'• - and I IM"II *' i- »lnwltll III 

,!•!-'.• 1 1 1 1 i 'ii iii 1 ■! i - .Ti to n \ .ih v i 

In, ti I ' ' "! |* t Ii ' I ' 'l II1U ll 

in- 1 ,ki ill atr/king i"« i''! i'i ii end 



K< " II i - i i k \ V i 1 1 1 1 m- ■ " i hi 

il Ittl '1 lib) mil t T I . !l|'.' I • iti ktlOW 

•V 'I' ♦ I ' tllli 'I 'Ml till pt....T. -. '.I l.i.' ll 

I'tinm Huhsl nit' il v i til Ii ■ n in « ii 

mull in m*mhrr*hip diiruiv thi ;.-t'.w 
«i > k- 

ktl.VSTli i 1 1 \ N I With 41 lilth 
'""'i hi i in miikt tin ' ihotHUghl* 
mi"! i M \ \\ • hiivi ihi .i -1-1 itu v and 
• ii' "Mi '.•■ mi nt "i >'>i l hi luttbiiHN Iradt - 
i'wu .1- idditig t" it- iiwiiiIh ndiip it 
rr*rj mi i mi .' 

•>.. 

i'1'iM.inN, k i W> in mtroduring 

III « I 'ill Ill I ill I 'll. ll 1 1 II II 111- ill "Till I t'l 

laihu i in ii unwitt ii i 1 'i'i ni" rank •■ 

lip tu. i ttltjl • iti 1. 1 Iti i illi lllli 'I IM>W 

ili hi iver the) win W • ha -1 ' ii . iiu." '1 

i Rc*nn.f(ii 1'1-iin i i iiiiiii il 
»»»,•..• 

I' \ 1 ' ' S I'i VVtltdtiftgtOll Illitlli|l\ 
i 1 ll I'I. ill i | In | |l|i III ' 1 ' I lit I i tt 

l.tr m ltd in I mi i ill mi tnlii I - ill' I • | it ili ,1 
WWll I llllll.ltlull- \ 1. ill'|III ! tt !'■ 

s< m 'I during tin 1 m Mm;: in. I (linn 
I 1 " ■' mi • «y>\ 1 'I 1 1 1, 'lit v. I titta 



"'-i'i v Utah. W ■ twvi . HK'lli 'I t..m 
1,4 1 ■•! llhwiM M • 1 nl \ 1 .11 ] 1 till 1 - 1 n> I 

l t lii re. Will nut n -1 until w. ii ivi! 

™ in n in 1 iiion t " VYi • "ii-i'l' 1 

l-W V,i ||8VC lllilll \l | \ III 11. .111.1 .III' ll 

reiving every enconragcuicnl in < I" n I 

«"lk 

R»* M VI I it, t/ul I.i.i ll I'lll.Tll !'•.' I- 

jjttttng ukntfi iticelj . i.m ry ■ < ■ 1 » t ■ 1 1 1 
in tin town is h itietttUvr, win 11 .1 new 
"| ; «ii ttrivi s ...ii'ii,, t,„,. th« n>{M; 1- "ii in- 

''••'I ill. si, j M ,| Ul .,. i |Ut) ,,, mi ,„„ In-. 

'Pplicatfuti. We mi- invwiHii M.VH<iity in 



1" 1 1I1 11 i^'ii. , ulin ri 1 1 nil' tti' -I t" 
' h ' ' 1 huilittt(s Ii' 1 ■ wiili nut' union 
Ulxl ' ' " 'I 1 \'. 1 it • 1 11. 1 1 h.i n-'i il In , 

'"itnl Wtri li i*i< 1 (triki . F»mtt>>ti! 

''"•'It 1" III. 111,;'. I'll;' '{J ,.|| . || 

M •' 1 " i'"l nit ■ luitii ■ .1 • in h 1*1 I'm in 1 < 1 < 

^lt II U'l' ijl' ' 'I *" 1 111] 1" llll it til Ml' II. 
.III. I tn.'v . \ . t ■, ( I, jljj Is ,iv 11:1 ]„ 1 1 1 U(|*1 

li 11 iii'.n . hi i 'n - 1,1 .1 1 ii mil lit tli ulrtirb, 



" . . in Ti,' ni' ml" t - "i I,. ,, ,,; 
it "I ^ in • ■! ..ti ■ \\* ii ttii . lint! 

'I'll' tl 11! |T;., |ttl '1.1,111, I 

(Mil t Vfi 1 i'i ' • .'1' -jh iki'ts t \i. ' 

"t iiu itiwrt. 'I h. (Miirk "t "r 
.11 1- iii'i\'n^ iI'.ik' siti-i ,• ttifih 



M v ll' 

1 1 11. 11 1 

. ! \% 1 i '. 

111. I \M 

.ll till III '. 

inv.ii h 

III ll 



Ki «>IS'i I' . I iu iti" 1 li'.in-iiif- 

1 x^iiMtl 'li f l''.;- ■ .' 1- I.'" .1 1 'I" hi 

i ' 1 in. "t iiu 1 11 ; h,.' 1 hi 1 1 Ii 1- 

'.iili 1' isi ,| |i,| .mi iiiiitiiiv- Sn»ll 

. , 1 ■ \ 1 .11 |n ni. 1 nt RtMittiijf will 'm til Miir 
i hi'. . Mi' 1. 1- 1 liinjj I'"' "I i|'l'l:i ml • 

t"! llll 111 1 " I III], 

tea , 

>\i,l\\«. Mr li W' KKMll V'i'»l WW* 

ti"!n L'nwiH vi it in »t«Ji n<lk1 shij.f, 
1 1 1 > I \m in , ■ ..| in; ! \ iukltiiK in mi:i h-i 
..! tintiii.it> \ lUiikHuit Tfi»di*-> C<*ttitdl 

h. I 1 , t: i.t^.nti/i il. 1 U'l tt 1 utttitt fait to 
Ik pi... 1 ii, 1 w . "t lii -nil-, iinrnnii 

I'I.'- ,ltl K\< ". lil' tl'!. 'I 



\\ ' k. 1 - 1 1 u M ■ - \\ . nti ' nrnlJinj? 

in w nn titl i t- .t imt' I'.. 1 ttlttj "I I". ill 

Uk.i1 tiifi>nv< wini. in " is it. t. Unitltri 

1 . nil in! 'li'l ij ..... t tt. tl iltlUIlK ihl 'ir]'iti 
tit* nt' lll< |i.\M! ||i -t I llll' li.lll tl ill 1 11 14 

dint wti nn. 11. 1 •" V.. 1 ). it n i' \\ ' Iwvi 

S||| I. ' '1 I I I 111 I I • Ml It' 1 - HI V S| \ l J ll j.ll IS 



koMI I " Wl "' m ikin^ .111 m^'i 

!ii,Tii- i"t 1 jiiiMji ntwttiit; ,it hi 1 .nl'. 

,( i«. Tin , "!. 11 1 il r 11 j« nt. 1 - in M i'. 

.Ill\l"l|s !.. "J^illl/i .1 Tl'l .l!l . I]. I'll. Ill.'ll 

|, 1 .1 . h ill. 1 « ill in .ill |it..l..tl.iht \ . l.i 
-1 nl in ilitiin,' tin in \l »" ll "i 

I.,,, ,1 1 in. .11 iii 1- in (gtmil itnuiitu»i 

1 11 1 si \ . 111 i h' Bttiit1iiij( Vwili - 
v ..nn. il h is i|.|...iTiii .I 1 l.iisin. -s ,iuini, 
hi. I Iii |.t. ti. 111 ll l.i tt ill. nn 

.i.nil.it .tl\ , 1'H'M . ffn ii I" i" iii i" 'il 
1,, in, iii ,.i iiii »rn imartutti. Ttnik I* 
.lull lit 11 .11 j.ti si in. Km «hi n ilu .1'iini; 

,1 I si >|1 I Is HI I ill-, I I, -s « ill In- n \ l\l 'I 



Tkw iksi ClTV, Mi. li- <»nt «ij tht 

Iiii,' . i|i(i\ .tl .li i\.t||s i,' ill. sc.ismii \v;ls 
ih. 11 . 1 j.tK.n iii'l l,:uif|iii l jjfvi 11 t»y I'liinii 
• ' "ii 111. ' ii iiiii 1 .' ni iiii- -ill iiist. All 
tti. ■ ii j.. ■ nt it - .1 1 i'i 1 i.ntr.i. 1. ,r- in 111. iii \ , 
with t lit-i r l.iniilifs, were invttcl -nul in 
.ill fttllj 200 wi " ] rt s. nt. Tin- ntfiotl 
iln- I'n suli tn .1 m r\ liMinlsiinii' 
i 1, "ii .'..m1 witfi m>\(\vn lncttst hntl<1tt*. 

SlMltNW r M.s . N. V. < in ; In —tli in t .. 
I.", il I'ntntl Ci It - 1 .r.'i it'll ih. f. nn triTith 
nitiui rsin tif its ft>un<ltng. Anelabortttc 

ItfUt/fflel v\,is j.r. i\ iilf.l, nn. I .ill I'M t llcnt 
nn. 1. ' ]'t'iL;r.iiiiiiii' Hrothcr Ilnrki- nl 
tin l',,iuti t - I' ni" 1 1 tt.i- tilt' (ir.ttm ol 1 lit' 
-i'"i. iMUCittfi tt.tski'I.t ItptllttM tin- 

-mill litiurs t.f the following ntorninj{ 

l ; illl\ ' A" huii'lri 'l iiu in' i ts, wivi s .tinl 

-tti t tin ..ri- ,MTI- J .T i .llll. 

i>a.* - 

1 Wfi.N. I'll. I Ml*' M'.lt 'Vl.i «l II I. I 

tin i". if]n nt. i t'itiiitt here, Tiwlaj wt 
fliivi .i 1" 'I ttiih itvir t in rt \ iiKinl n is. 
Ttt" .it. .i.'ii i ,ii j it nl' !■ .. i irk fi 1 ft ir 
f '.. pet .|.i\ j . >r i. n hottc, tcMM* wv 
^t l 'ii fur iitm hunts, W illi fmt CJ|« 
i . |'i i. -n ■ ■, . t •. . ..nit. 1. 1. .i in town 1mm rirc- 
n-jjtlt/i'tl iitt' 'iiiinti l.iti ttr will li.ivi Iln.- 
I..iiil\ "in Willi ii- vefj s.i.iti. I.urnl 
t"n, mi 2 > ; is jiitsliin^ ri vjlil In thf frtmt. 



Nl i k tt \ I. K , 1 • 'llll I I'I I'I hill. l|\ '.ill, 
I,,,, il I III, .11 i i I. tlRttl rl ittk llllllll ititl'M I 
^,t \ ttltll I IIHIsli .il t tl- 1 lilt 1. II \ i llll I' 

t , until nl fhi t. w i- .i I iffji Uttl ml. im i 
.it nn nil. i is .nul ni' Btfti K> in -linn nl- 

Wt H sflM .1, -Jn I I 111 - tt' i. tn nl' ii"l tin 
t lllllt .lit. Ill tt.ts (Mill. Ill.ll)> sun t sslul. 

M.Wl'tiKT Sills, V*. W'f liojif I" 

niiif.isi' ..nt ti if i u I .f i sh i i ' iniisiilt i,iM> 

i„ tun iw .ni'i iiu iii-i May. \t 'nn 

l.isi iiii'ftinn ttf iiitti.iif.l liltit u iii tt 
utvtnlM i s ninl Ii.im- tn*n\ dmjm i»i*ijHc«- 
li.nis "ii li .n.l. Wi have anwiKvd i"i ■* 
jnihlic iiu'i tiiiK on -'-''1 lM«t., itnd Iwye i" 
s, ,'uif t in- .iiu ii.i.ii.i t ..I ill ihv contract- 

!..| rl, 



Mi'NiKi.M.. ' .in. Urgnnizt'il btlior in 

M • .:nii il M|l<l Ijllfhi f ll.is jtiiU stf.l. with 

ih. t.suit (im tin Kovvriintenl ha* prom- 
, . .1 I., f.iii-i.lfr iln i»tssii,iiii\ ni' aniciul- 
ing ih. iti tn M.liiii S". i.-iifs Ik* t.t sun 
« . .i kiiivitu u ijfjtuni/jitiotw. In iln 
tm iitUnti ill "nlt is tn cotnplj with ilu 
1. 1 | >n;iVili tm isiirt' Ii.im lutn with- 
Irawn lit lilt inilixrnit - \\\ Itrltcvc 
iln .jiu-iti'ii Willi., si ulnl t.t ..iir .i.K.in- 
t.i^-i . I/ it .il ' ' S i- nn rwUittlg, 

tUNMI 

Urn sfn\. j. v Local 1 * nn m I'M i-, 
niovitiJ! iktllj! iii ill* iisii.il w,i\. Liking in 
in w in. nihi l" iltiiit-l t-Mfv iiiyjlt, ki t ji- 
mi; it|i 'In iiripitii/atiofl «uh ku)(i nul 
ItiU-rx'MinM nn.'iuus W'f li.nl ;i iii-w 
it atttrv in iln sii.ijn ni :ni nttction silt- nt 
..ni Li-! itH'vtltiK- Urntlui itajptn w.ts 
nn imnt 1 1 .mil In |triiri i ilfil In si ll thf 

UmiU t>f ilu l.iti l)roth<f John Sirickliti)! 

in, hi in ni "t Ins t.itnih. Quite ;i 
iiunttH i "i tlM took* wvtQ -..iiii, liringint! < 



tnmilu r .if kulit's at a rarpfiitiTs' Rocial . 
Id w is pfoitt|)i ly called upun fur a *}>fech 
He gave a clear aiwi encouraging talk mi 
the iiffls nf ntganimtion, alan on the 
prosperous condition of tin- United Bro- 
therhood, 



KuiM. W t- I'.vt t llf in progrcM is 

iK'itiK ui i'lt in ilu wmk . i otganimtknt 
I- th. litreel n suit "i BrotfMMr Catter* 
inttir* \isii inn two iiimiiiis a^" Kin 
•afieech w is hi ahle one, .mil his advice tn 

.hit nn mini- .liilitiiil tiiiistiiHls he- 
rote tin- I nn hi win- r«tt) afrjweciatcd. 
\\ i Imne t" haw him with on again in 
ilu- in w future and will hold n great mass 
mvetiitgi that nil interested in thf in- 
liuHtrial ijuentioti ttiay nave an opportu- 
nltj in hear him. 



san Francisco, Cal.-— Local Union 22 
felehrated its eighteenth anniversary "ti 
the 17th of list month by an entertain. 

tin nt .nul hail ;it i kid I'Vllnws' Hall. Il 
siirp.issf.l anything that has ever been 

prewnted in this line given by a labor 
organisation in this city. Delegation* 
from all hx.'a1 affiliated uniotis .nul front 
tlif branch nrganizationii in San Mateo, 
Valiejo, i i.ikl.ui.l. Alameda, San Rafael 
ni. i s.ui jnsf participated in the festivi- 
ti'-s. Tin- I " nit jii has ibiriti^ its existenee 
in. nlf steady progreaa, and on the tat of 
Sf j.tftui.' r, ' s-j, made its first demand and 
■^.unt.'il tin- Satnnht) eight-hour day. ( >n 
January i, |*«h3, the general nine-hour 
.lav was neciued Iwth for Sin Prancisco 
nul Oakland, .nul tin- eight-hour day on 
May i.'-'Ki. The metnlarrahip hax steadily 
increaaed. The records show thai at stiitu- 
of its meetings i-m u as high a* eighty. 
si\ members have been initiated atone 
single meeting. Union 22 is at present 
in a thoroughly healthy and ni»y\ condi> 

linn. 



OkkknwicKi Conn. The banquet 
given bj menibera of Union IMta 
thcii frieuds here last week proved a 
deckled *uecesa. About 150 arete preaent' 
(Wcneral Pruaident I tuber surprised all 
hainls bj dropping iti In see lite boys, 

and was in turn surprised to find a goodly 



Kiev on New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 

4't-.. Brant ford, < int. 
wo, Butler, r.i. 

S01. Dariin, iii. 

^ 12. Can. nul ligtia . N. V. 

SO?. Depew, N. V. 

504, Chicago, HI., 1 yewiahd 

505, Litchfield, m. 
^'»i. Gaineavtlie, Tex. 
^iw. phenia, Alt 
5)0. Dnquoin, III 
7>C. I Ittlllliw.i. tow*. 

Making a ^raiiit ttttal ni 202 new unions 
r bartered during the past tw-flvf months 



What The Unions Have Done, 

■ Attacked and denounced as scarcely 
nny other inatitutiiMi ever ins been, the 

Unions Ii.im- ihriM-u and groiffl in the 

face of nppoaitiotii This healthy vitality 

has been due Intlit* fact lli.it the) were a 
genuine prixluit nl' sneial needs india- 
[wnaahhi as a protaat and a striiKislc 
agaiust the abuse* of industrial gov er n * 
ment, ami inevitable as a conaequi ncv ol 
thai arasciouanesa of inrettgtii inspired 
by thf concentration of numbera under 
tin- new conditions of iiniusirv. They 
have been as is now admitted bj ahaoat 
all candid minds, instrument* of progreaa. 
Nut tn speak of the material advantages 
the) have gained f"r srorkingnien, ibey 
lnve developer] powerful synifialhie* 
■ntonii tiutu, ami taught them the leaaon 

of Self -Sacrifice in the new interest of 
their lirethem, and, snll more, of their 
successors. Thc> have infused u new 
spirit nf iiulepeiitlenee ami self-respect. 

Thej have brought w>tue of the beat men 

tn the front, and given them the asi'r.,- 
denCV dm tu their persona] iplalities anil 

desirable "' the interests of society." 
/,.*-/ a. fMgtam, L, L n. 



THE CARPENTER. 



i Lido Movements lor Hcttci 
Conditions. 

APRIL. 

Kin..mh\ N. V. Mr 14111 turn; A pill 

I 'niun JSI will comddci eight hmirwiohc 

i .1.1% V A'lirk. 'i'lli' i-mitr. . tMi-.li.m- turn 
n ,ul\ i-rd. 



I . \sr St. I.imjs. 111. I.m il Union M 
lu- iimiIwI thai "ii and aftci Vprtl .'il 
I to minimum rate hi wages sh.ill l»v IS 
i i in- in i hour. 



Asm bv r \hk . K.J, 1 in hi i it{H'ttt< i • 
■ I tlii- rexorl 'm\ v ili 'ii ui. Ii I nine limits 
.m.l ff-,79 i«i dav. Ui. iuti "5W i- in- 
rn asinc, iti nteturu i - 

I' M.i. klVKR. ?.!.i--. High! hi. nr. witli 
fn ! ! fvtj what Local I' nion J. 11 ha- 
({ftlliltKit.nl frmll thi' fniilr.ii ti M •-, Nn 
tfutdde i- looki ■! for. 

»»♦>•«• - 

l.orvi. t'Mu>., 401, l'H'.Mi-ii. .md I5H, 
inniilh, l'i., ha\r .ni.i; ■•. ■! ttil !. ink's, 
■inbiug lor tin uimdiuiu da) ,t present 
ntU of pay. To he enf»*eed on April n:. 
-.•»>««•. 

Htvmi \miti>\. N V I ui. .ii- !M ami 
1 ■ have asked fot uti increase from >.'."" 
t» fj.-n per «Iaj for rtin* bourn tvorknta] 
theptoHpcvtM>rom siiere** are wt\ e, I 

■ -»•*€<- 

I "i Ki'iiicr. v. Y. ~BegiuitinjL> mi April 
l»t, tin trade rate* adopted l.m.il 
Union 289, include the nine-boor day, 1 1 
cent* per hour, ami overtime counted 
time and half. 



ItRAXtitti fi. .1- AH eoittfuct«»rs have 
been informed b) Union uo thai rt« 
trade rule* for the coming -i . on will 
include i he rtahUbour tut) mil ,i wagi 
rate of $2 7-. 



C in raft, in. Tin- i irpemei . «>i tin 
cite have made .hi agreement with the 
contractors for (tie nincdioui .in. *i 
cHtt.s per hoar, ind ilii employment ol 
none ' >ni union men. 



C«»rjfcit. in i i i s, [a, fjtu'ai i 'nam I 
ban pulnnitteil lo the eontmetuni Inn « 
ili in. hi. 1 i.ii the i-ightdnatrday, minimnm 
rate of w igea Ki c< m» per houi ami iiit.« 
.iml half mi overturn 



Ki.woof>, in.! Tin contractor* heri 
have in. .in ,t , i. i tin ui v, .il i l ui. ii i >. 
granting .i minimum wage wale of 
i rut- pi i I;. mi , tin nun I tint] .l.i\ , and 

tun. aid l. i'i i..i i rlime, 

S \ '. >l v 1 i n. (. d. I.m-.il I ill. m !<■ '. 

ha* notified (hi rontneton that aftei 1 1 • « - 
lir'.i Uoutla> .n \jnil, wage* Khali i« 
£3.50 per day. \\ > tk» tun anticipate an) 
ttvuhk nlanil getting it. 

Akron, (>hk». 'fm ntemlaT>of Union 
have decidwl tn iletuaud 2? evtnjt mm 
hour as miuinsnm rate of n;i>>i^ ami the 

nun In. in (Jaj , lo lake < ffttct nn Aptil 1st 
'J in- wuttractofvi hnv been lulviaed. 

BKAIifORn. !'i. I'lu inajoriti ol inn- 
Uuctors inui luiikUfa huve sixned tin 
agreement cataldi fttngthc nine-houi da) 
fnr carpejtt*Dt, Union i-'-i i> ftettvet} 
engaged in tiu mirh of organhsatknt, 

CoviNtiTON, Ky.— The UtMrict Council 

hits sent tu all the COntraetonH jirupnsi- 

lh>a for the «ight-hour da) and an incrcawe 
in wage*. We beliere thai ttatiafactory 
IctUcmvut will Ik- L-on eluded with Hum. 



Tki.v. \ V. Tin' mm limit .In h\ 
■ i in- pet bow, nviitinii ti'l" paid ii" 
it tht tate of time attd hall ■<■< included 
nt tin nev* trade rui - std'tttvlti .1 h 
I 'ni. ui "-> .'ml will u" linn i tii i ' "ii \pril 

Nt. 

N w rtCOKti, l'.i I >iii ti.i.k nil. - jli ' 
(idnpte*! include tin itim Itoui Aa^" •* 
wage*cal< of Ji cent* pel bout, owcMiim 
i ni 'i .i; tone arid half, i see* pt sttnu-1 1 
whi n i' \wil In- doid>k fO imt 
effect mi \pi il 1st. 

Hi l I M.i '. V Y. Ait. iii-rii'. |Ui 'i * ' 
been Hi ide with tin I'm \w\ rii I ipeoj«|« , 
and the' have gt.ntte»l tin i igln ftmiv dj\ , 
I" cents pel li.nn. iom toil Itoll f«>t >A't»- 
lane ami doutdt tiim h>i m>rk »n i*oii 
<i,i\ .nil holulat 

Tk\\i:ks) Cits ^!t' i. Thi in 
pt inter* and lahni i - "i the • ■>' \ l\m 
^ani/eil, mairity Uit»aigti tin i >• • 
Krolher Wt 1 1 i ui tin i i i' • i ' - 
I'tiuat. Tlii- in. -.''i> in wilh H :"t tliv 
uirtchotir il i\ 'Mi Ajvil 1st, 

Ki Sown \ Wis. Tin- ago . mi t»j * . 
tiin ii Union '• l n>1 tin . • >nti 
here, stipttttte 1 * for the mm lam dat .. 

«-i^e t Hi' "I" '«> ' "t- pi t b"B1 I id 
half mi nu i nun , ittd ■ t ■ il.'l'k i mil 
Mm.i.n ,;tf I !i h tfitl b>did.ivs 



II iNl'ocK, Mil It \n ngn i mi ".t It i - 
Ijeen dt Pi >i li r . I'tumi !>' .ind itit oijt • 
:.i tin contritciots, asking fot [IW nun 

luatr day, a rate of cent* pci b«»at • ml 

i cent* per hour for bwuimt . faod-i 
work ami .'1! b ^ i) hohd iy%, 
- <->i «*.. 

Ckii'i'i.i. CltliKK, Colo. Tin Diatrut 
Council l i-t month rtarti •! tin- movi mi n\ 
t'. .r l.i tt, f cniiditotnti tiitnnj.. tlu ne mi.* 1 - 
n! the ,'r.it'i In n . \ deniHtnl wi;i In 
in i'i' . "i April ! i"i u in< n m i :i 
v. i^i , ir.iiii * . c i in » ;.i " per 1 1\ . 



VVorci - n N Mass, I.... -I I'n 

:iml l"- lln' e ¥ ft i deth ind to tin ■ . 
1 1 ictor< ^o miiumnnt. tinii iml lt..'i 
I 'i "m rttntc "H miii, d.t\ - donhk tin* 
Sund.tys and h<di<ki\s, recognition ol thi 
l.p-iii' — agent and Sntunlio iii»ht h»»m . 



K i. >T' is Pu \n in. ri ini- «.t i |„ ■ 

■ int. !ii- been aske*! for in I iiUmi 
Tli - «ill imtke tin W4ges in cent* pui 
btHtr, Tin- nine horn daj i- iuchnkil in 
tin denntndis, \<< take t it' cl -ii April i d, 
The I'dvams twked f«ir ine-litde* the mill 
hamU 

Pll i -i ' '"• l'i. Tin nun. ii- in tin 
iii\ Ibrvr enttn] hi Urgi luajoritiv>, t" 
maintain thi folhtwing tradi rule*. Th 

i ighl l i dat minimum A.ie,' n 

cent* i'i i bout inn rtlnn ratetl ii linn 
and half . excc|K on legit] h<didiv>-, aht u 

ii will ■ taint i- duiilde. 



PMII.I ii -l'i HO, N. J. I In . ,n |n .it. i . 

here who have not Joined I nam are 
la^ginuing t" •< t the follj ol tun hetng 
organized, and the) arc mtw idgning an 
plications I'm ineinher»hip. Tin meiulti m 
of Union l*i brtend tu uuih fot i be mm 
hour da) and .i standard rate m wagefc 

S'l'Vi'l.l.TilV, S. I. Till- n. tilt. K'tOT* .iinl 

l.aikl i Richmond laarough have been 

notified lliit mi April loth t'ighl liniii- 

bhall stitntt n dm 'a work I'm- tin . l. . % . 

td the week and fotw houra ott Saturday; 
tiim tin- minimum rate of wngCM Khali \k 
40 centd per hour, aial thai overtime lie 
paid nt tin- Mir uf double time. 

THM rfundaon Count) i\. J.i. Buihling 
Trade* Council, representing 3,00f) union 
meehauica, haa adopter! tin- following an 
the UnltKI Wagea and OOnditiona in the 



affiliated tiit, ' i' print* ' - 5 "" I" I 
daji i"t i ighl i"'m-. |M'hm ' -. mi 
, iuln h«aos i ihmtlii r*. fl o h«i i iiihl 
lumr*; bolu is, |lt.*«i foi i iuitl Iwan ■ tn i 
«,>n^ i ,1 ., ■< , t v » ■ • 1 1 i. .1 i it;?)' b*aji 

SOU in i i'"K i bi Tin di tn I'i * ui 
t in..', v tyi i. 1 1 initti I I" i'lu i o|i 
i; lej'iii ai I Inrtldi t In n 1 1 ' lU'«Mlh 

flu i , in Iml. .i ttuttii t.'ti til f ' 

l„ > .1 1 tin t ight hnin .1 ' ....'ili"" |m 
. ...mi i . i in, trvl k ili , and on k • d h*dl 
.I i\ it««»dit tiiiii ili d! he ml Wl 
iM i< ..I . nr . 1 in 1 i'n l'i y 111. . b-inti 

.in .nin.iiL' '"ii i |i luliCf*. 

» - — - . 

Okl VltttU 1 i ' \ I 1 T I ' i > ■ i I 

! i -t i" i^n i ra nj v 1 -'jii' il 1 1 T Ii' 

hiiildinu i , n t ..i. in. i I i I "i..'i 

inumu Eh i i li iii" 1 ' i nii""f' 'I 

ni :i u i tin Ufui luill i \ ' "" "i th' 
. i • 1 1 1 1 i . 1 1 .; - \i 1 1. . i 1 . .( 1 1 1 ■ ill I n 

now (dftTlUg t" i nij'l' ■ nniiiii tin n 0» 
. ■ ! 1 1 ii !> ..ii - | Ii '. . • • ■ [il|» i i >ti Ii 
hi. •...•!: 1 1 ■ . n 1 1 ■ j i ■ > -i nr i) ■ nt |1wmI . 

V'lNK' K- V V ! till 5 \v< li'inl- 

the in cttn ii |' iii< • - .i .id ttuitdvc' .nt in 

t.i\"l "i l(U] • ... ui ill. I .. nitllHHIIMI «.l.. 

>i atr "i i ' ' nt- pt i Itj ,n tli eight hi 'W 
dae, and h'lll bob>liy-»w Attutdas. Tin- 
i, u I ., . who 1 1 n , . •! ■ • t . . .i ■. ui. I 
m , m.l eti d |i i (.ill i 'i w ith thi ;• I 



11' ii 1 1 ' i \ Y Tin 



' i ft4i \]" ■! 

' an if* Iii 

■ ■ • In ttti >\ tin. : ' 



"i 1 



1 ..II tin 



Tl m.i' l" i U) \ . j. .in' Ulet'ltUg ol 
' 'tli I't.itii in - .. .1;. * 'ii 1 1 mi tied v tl 
j ■ "'i ■- and joitu r*i ••< t I ••• >' t 'until 
ludd 1 i-t i' 1 1 k Irak ruhrti u.n id«ipii I 
:.' g« irtto • tn . ! \j.t'.: loth Tin • t«ln 
lt"!'r d iv, .. ntiintnuni ntlt n ■ • pi i 
Inmt until AillflH tml 
afterwanl, ami nVeWUm l*dd al t i'. •■' 
limt ind I) ill ,'i . tin • . ,..■;.! d> II 
til 1. 1'', 

N I u \ ogj \ \; 1 li. M i i ii 
l'i tin i - itttd Mill \\ 1 1 - n thi •••uom 
ol Rom \ and i i f • I Mi mni \ ■ muh 

fta< ' In ' n tn. nil .1 Hi ii ii mil 1 1 * ■ Uiril 

' a till t iti 1.1 m i-. i, , , ,» j» |tl, r ii) 
lln 1 itnittgh -li II '.i f ■ :>.' . igh" If 

wuri ,.i'd in Moum \'in"ii. « fm 
i light hourt m . .| ! Sttotdai to I (0 
MTvcd as hall I'.nini i . i'hit in ail ttiilN 
in Ike lK»rough itu.l Mtittul VVtmai tin 
m.ik' ^ -h ill |a,< j. )•> i wi . \ ,,t nit > 
Itoitts, itud Satnt'l . hall IndWbe , 



M \ V. 

t nn >i .i . ii in ,n is il' ; .. ,t r 'j 

-'hi asked Cot tin nil* bout »Ij md 
■ • "i i'i li"in in.i'i Mat 1 •; 

Ti'XRpOi N. Y i ■ li i- dt ■ Kb d 

I" 'i in' i.i i \i ti-tnii . ii i nn. in t|,, 

I •'■• ' lO Mat. I . In Inn i 1'1'it ill;' , ,.ii 
ill m ind fin tin ' Ighl .1 mi d.n Hid , 

standard a ivj ni f ' . 



M .'. Kl V- W K \ I, I ||]| 11 , |. . 

..ill ^'i> ml. i ..p. i,u. .ii ti|| M , , -| | i,, 

aim -h»K»r daj , • ighl on Satuoko nun., 
in not ".ink- ni waj«e« fi.75, ill ttvertiiiu i«. 
In douhle linn . 



Mn.u ,i km . Wit. rhe eight ' mn 
da\ k;is tn i n ik ii. unit d I,, .ill id,. |trtU*tl 
lien . and "in nl- p< i In. nt . t«i |, a , , it, , i 
mi Mil \ tat. So tnatldv i .mi, liiMtid. 
an tile i .ii pi-tiu i ■ .ii i- well orgiOli/.etl. 



SpfdNcit l-.i.h 111. 'nn- contractor* in 
tin- eli) are attxivua t" work In li irtuon) 
with tin tin ii .md tin tin ml.1 I-. ui Union 
in expect in wcUrc the i-i^in Inan d.n 
.md 31 Vj ecMU per hour In.m May Isl, 

Wltll'JUt Bit) tlni'Me, 



""I In tl 



ii . i . dfi'ti'i d tn ih niiiinl i , ,„ , 

r 1 ' in ii, 

. li i i tu v ijgl . Inn. in, | |, ,;, f 

Imi' d."iMi lii'i, t,.| .,p n t) i , ' " 
i ,i . - t).,. 

Il"f' I lit in I ktliOl III . ntpi 

ill. "1 l'i 1 II .,11 . 1 I 



1 'I ITI.I 



- ... • 

i i\i \n \ \i • I in mi 

tin .' i -'.. |t in, tin], i| | 

. ' U il| la i ■ i i iii p. i litati \\ 

Li'i'ln d mil .,„'i. , in, in p, i 
li i. ili»| t" ilii |t i . 

I 

I i||t' i ', • i % pit 1 • i ),. 

■ 

1 ■ : ' 'd ■ i i 



! !■ ntiti , ■ !.,.... nt" 



! li .1 



. 1 1 i, 



" iinnti ■ ,t. 



to iii |ovi r..t • -in r.it« 

■■ 1 . ■ 

. ,' III I'll I 

. . .« . . 

ftl in.. i r i mi .'. 

i tl 

tl 

ill..-, , |1 || iiMFk lk I 

ji'tn • t "I - Ttn ... 

idt.nl 

li n tttiide tli • . . 1. • ■ i i 

S\i.l\ • M \\ , )i 

] 

in.1 



and 



nal thi di :.. m( : ,t tl 
' •■ . ui •■ ij i .' M i ■ >«t 
• • • • 

.11 Mi. 



. v I 

I |fH 'in . 
t'li ' ' 



m nk ■ * i 



V I \ 1 1 *k f 1 ' \\ • ijtni ' 
,ii ■ li j h -. tfttii fttt itn] . '•• ' ' ■ 

■ 

- ■ - |(l tan . I. mi in. i li . 1 ■ . • 
udi I ai«Ii .,tn ICitUtdi U . 

pi t.... ItudlK ttn ;-...t i 

111. .ill. ' Willi nn 1 sin. Id 
tu it 1 1 i . . 1 ; . . . . | i .it |||i i 

• in . i .-! 'i I mi 1 ,, ■ i. ■ ■ n dtuUI ■ • 
li nt remll . 

School for Member.- ol tin- I idera 
lion of l.ahor. 

'nn I Mi \ nn it . . ■ a f: ' 

i' i . i ! i i.i. '.; in .i . i, ... 

i. •■■ i'i ' . 1 1 ,i I tin i ' ' i • •' ' . 
I i I i' ■" i.: I', iltiOloO 

iii, ii).ji ,i thai not it m 

tdtl n lid" t - i >t lln i i ' ' 

- 'I'd "i 111. I i I . i 1 1 1. . n ii| I 
tli (end* Tin ftdbn* uu> 

will i - i tiigln lo . mo pi "tn m i "'' ■■' 1 
pi ik* ' ipli , park um ntai kiw 1 w ' *' 
In-t' a Kugltdi i ml \m. ilrai 
■ imttttttitittnid 1 1* 'in oni 
iracturt oj -t-iti . . nnui > iml 

• i inn* nt' politii .d - n mi i , inn ill !•"' 

III. - Lilt .t^am/all" I of Jltllil : 
ill 1' 1 1 'nn. stall -. Hid i lit' 

• i i it 1 • 'Iti . . in 1 . 1. 1 tt:w lln \ n 

wht' h 'Ml! Inclmk tm-t- w '• ' "' 

::,iii'./.ii .. 'i .. 

>iu ri r atti ittion will In :i " 1" 1,1 
ii ,, I i i "iiMiin , pfUitieal pmii p'.iiti' i 
• it ti. r uttd irjunii ipal govt rt«w ,l! 

.r. tun '.Mil in di in. tv i i"' 

with i'n soup ' i s t.. i.i tauglit, with 1 

til II. • ! i tin Li 1 l..".!v "" ' " 'I 
jcel . il lm li ran In .il.l.nui d In ' "I ' h ,r ~ 

Tin <mlt . vp. us. will in lln hall i"" 
There will las ivm. mn Itoui leeum v*** 
wet k. 



THE CARPENTER. 



■ ■ 



I he KK Ml I'nhin .Man 



| .. .1 II III"!'! I I " 'Hill | ii ,l 
. ! til i n I 111' "I'ilU'Ml • 11 Willi. nil 

I? iii i i'i iii ■! Mil" i'ii tiritii 
|, | in iii. ii 'it loan ■ I'. i' M<fH 

ii. i J) i ii ■ ;■ t ; i -.',111' 'I'i in Ii 

, .. itul ■»! mifi ii i i w*ti uv-nh 

I, ii ii ti i i \ * 1 1 I Ii' i i/ 1 1 Ki i!. i •: 
. ,.i,| '!'■> Ii. iM- njtfrUM 111 
1 1 1 ,| n - \% < f " 1 ■ "l n . i , ' < \ i i 
1 1 In «..i.| lim.lil la ii. • Minn '■. 

, ''it. i iii hi, i 1 i tti.tltt)di 

..... 'Mi' i' iiM'i' 1 itnu m i . .ii 
Inn th' 1 , ■ . ! ' \< i. ■• 

■ 

' IIAl -"I. i'i ■ II I 
r .... 

Ml till 1 If»ll1| 

; 



1 '.'. .■ '-. 1 ll'.'l'l I ill! 

... 

■ ■ „| 

i|! i . r.i,. i i Ii i • 



t.i ■ i. 



ii ••r 



! 'I '• ' I 



■ 

1 



1 I I | ! I I ,. ! i . 



■1 i >, 



Whit tin- Ik-fen k I midv Mean, 



! i i \ i 



M.,1, ..I l)>. I .mi, i.i 

... ■ .. 

rti in tfii in i to i tinUi b • 1 • ■ n - 

' ■ • .' ■ '' Willi •tr.lti >l -i I i 1 ;i.l> ■ . I . ■ 
. v iU - Ih.it it h ■ \])\ I ' i" ■ - - ii t, 
• • Mtl !iii'.> t r "Till 1h« it • 4 'I I' h 
mi nt u'i. | hi ■ toil kiii itl wl 

Wli''. i! In 1 gi i'm i It rtll III tn r 

•' i tn .!. ill it> .| t.i . i ''. ill <!i !• 



.. In 



' '• ' 'I 



.1' . i ittikt - i'm ■ '• 



it .• -, . i-, 'J'hi ■ > !i t ; . | >l| 

''ii 'ii; i.t in i tin .. nt ' ill litl • 'ii 
'i'i it i . , , .... I ii, mi'. |» ,. . Ii) ; •..tin- .. 
* lirclv titW lit'OiflM hill l>i | ii.. .1 
Tin I . :n hi - Si kit mi ' i'm Ii i'i i' fi " - 
": ■<■{- in l itnm- TI" l i;iiiih;. • 

l Hint!, whii h Ihm * " ► i » ■ 1 i" ii- 1 1 1 'itt 

t.'i.U lh.lt tin KtW-Wh k'i th rl ii li • - ih 
tii'"ii it , i.jHiM hi. | i.i i nhtft i !• irt.itil" 
'I' i>i litl . in. In i ] ii in • Mill mm i I,. 

, Itin ,l t.. ii .i^t ' mttj-li n. . i)|i ii s rth 1 1 

III 1 1 litl itlltrl |. mi f'n • I- [II It I 

.iHrthl i i- Hi.il h ,i tuii'l i .i I.I . till 
'•i .• i'n/.iii..n h.i\ iii.j ii i.. i aahh ill I in 
'"111 I r it'll* i i it hi I m ii.'t ;■• • it ',• 
VVUlU It takrs a-si .111, 111 Iii IllttUI i 

fttitd, ii t iki * ii'iilmi • i'i iii i'"i litl ii 

wllltl |1<| l|l ill, H. ill I'll ll|."!l (I II I 

'Ii' i unit u \ , ii .ii ii' iiiirtu . Willi ll t" 

1 "'in ■* iil.ii ;. ioi l i in in i il |'iii]in-i 

l i "1' IJUiUl ■„', in i i ■ - % Fuik>W4 '1 ri llr- 

1 "initi i .in. I iii Knglmtd i« ■ M> rwnti i 
hind nf ii ijuni .l si/, In ,i -. iin in , ,ii 

W*Ui till- ill, "III" I U'I I \ < < | In In til 1 1, 111 Jllll ■ 

|"'-''»; an, I tn in.,1.1' ;.,,„, | .in\ ilrn(t> iimiii 
Hi- fund hit \mrpmv* >>i •l« i< n-t h) -nil. 
s, "|ii«ut aMcsHnvtit. J'lu- t«-nli- in m 

BX«I llu me |,„ | irlll!lls, llll]msi s till 

caul nt ;i ftjjbi upon ilu- member*, ..ml 
«ivis tin-in tlw nun it weight ni tin fwiul, 

l« twMiU U tn ttiliilits, ill <i i ill it nil | h, 

"riKin.ii mwcwmK'titv that twrtvil ii ta 

I'.ilKl.iinl, whi-rr l.ilmi in l; nil tttOttK h&VV 

M«i v&y nii-.it (ucectMcit. tltcti Uv»Hurki> 
iHiiij ti nn with mi , utitul itiuii», ivhii It, 

Wl "l till i| Httttira] .11 I 11 Hulls, t s th< ,|i 

•M«"rfdj iiui sini. niiiki' a Mini uvttivmi* 

«I4JH lis lnissilHlilu.s. 



UlscerniiiK ii u . sipis the limes. 



I."i'l >..hO„„ ,„ , .,„ ,., j, .„,,,„ 

,h ' ''" »>»Ktli TI ttiiiiK 

H ni-i'M- i | l|U , OUl ,, ,,, 

""' ' s '" ' Wl - «l i""i'' t in U,uV 

TW" 1 I A' k'hl . ; ,.,,,,h, , -U) U UV 
■ '"-' <l„| ,,„,,,, .,. . ,,.,.„„, ,_,,„, 

,II """I"'I' ' tJli itn.ih, i ,,t ill ,,!|„ i 
tltirttOpriJtf hi, I , i ,', „ V(( 

""• , » | - h H'lirtj .in in tint ■ W 

' «« rfA li' i in;' uAl l-.t it I., ill, i ,., | 

ii,, n, .ii i . 

Vtt ilhi ' ^ in].:, i. .' ■ ,| •[ j,, 
l*hil "I' li'ln i \ tH l,i ■ i ■ .:■ ■ , ,| i ]„ 

'I'i- -I m,ii 1 \\U : ', i | r ■ ,f, 

I ■■ I" [! 

■ ' 

L^'l 1 •! lliti i| 1 . . ,m 

■ 

■I' ii urn rlt ii ■ 'i '. i hi H' •. ■ 1 

tut \ ttiJl tiaiii r. 1 1. . i ' ' | ; ,. i_ 



v.n; , 



"■li i i i !i. hi . , i . i i . , ,,, „' 
, iitthmu "! , j -■ ,, ' ii* ''.''.. i*v 

■ ■ '. tt»'i,'i" 

tjnl ' 
i it Wl'.' UlliflU ' •• I.', i ..;!,, ■ '. ., tn 

Ii it i'i- <•• ■ "lis, r> it»«i i it,/' i'- 'I!'- 

• I] M • -i .' in >: , .1 tlji I. 1 1 - 1,1." 

■ ■ ■ Ii ii- ■', 

ll • xj , mil- 1 ri'trn "i 111' .•'■( 

■ '11 |'i, 

... ., . . . .., ,. 

|in 'i •! untiii Itll - ' i • i ' - ' ii',. ■ -i r". ' 
. -, . , li.it \|r I 
lull- i - 
; ,.rin-h" .j >,i!.. . ■ iiirruutnl 1 i I \ 

i :• •<• • J i <■ |,|i ?i, , • .1 t 'nsi .it' iV." 
!!<>« mi i'h hift ."'Mm.' , .' ttif iLittuii 

..' ■ li. -l -lis .,! ih, it] ii, '-. ntii Hi ■! 
Willi '.!:■>-. vl"W»t'-- I'i'-- r*|»«ti "I !'<- 
tiJhlUijj p.'i» 'it- ■■ •", v.l w<trk, 

■ ■-••'.' i ■■ tri|j4<" 1 1> Chen .tti • her 
"i.t '-' . in itl ■'. fivt* .i. i -i-t- -i i tiut will 

I'll . .« .1 -ii' IlVlJ'hl 'i' U'tt Pi . . i'i.'.mI 
>t iifi'li u.- nt l.insju rt'\ . 

|t ! I ' .. 1 li, 1 i '■ It ' I . Ill- Mill .'t~ Ml is 

• i.iii 1 " ch' . .i t'' I. ii nti-.i. • i ,tti- 
lilln .. trim .p. In ||il| :■ • l|1 '1'- * ill" 
, tM"i -(■ ■■ ■ ; ■ , it' i ' -'li W'i 

: i« -.ii- itvt i. .'i- ,i," - t.'it *'m, s, prw 
,]. k m t •■ . ■ i" itDiAc mi mi' 
iioril ■ • 'in' ■ • • ' i v ■ 1 '' • v.h ' h i ki' ii * 
-■;iii t :"! ' Th' ■ i- ■• I're ii nt'! ti il 

|,.,\. . ; I ■! ' ' i:> " . - - I'I" in ■ |«iv,l'l . 

.. n.l tin-- )', ns, - il VuH .i rtti'nw 

in ii iliiils! t. • T1h il i Ih "' i •' - 1 '.'l mil 

' ;\ 1\ . 1 lit t li' sir I t Xi < 'iin.- -in ,11, 
I'll nt \ i 'I \'. >t 1, ' - , Li 1 tlli • tH 1 »otj 

ii i>iii«<dti . ittftl -nt' '■ U'A i"t -'11 1. 'i "t- 
. i v : n nwrhtiitrt lu* >tfi*<rtt hutwlr»?fl* *>1 

•)|,. | . (I|.|s ||t l-,..tV.1l|M1U' 1' 1111 ' l Iii' .■ . I ,l 

• |)i ii, - itlKl li tuii'l lt'1" 'i ilii)" 1'i't: . Ami 
i hi- is -till gftttlfj I M"V i"i will it 

, ,.'1 I .1 |"t i tin " M'l' li-"' 11 ni' " Sit 11 

i ' itrit>hjt'i | " ' i"i 'ii' '\ ti\ till m hi"i 

I II il 1 1m Ml 111 tin ) ■' 't I'll* "tl|\ Ulttfcl' 

th. tn h iii In i ' I In- i ii"i Hi' unlet "i 

I Im i . ' HHiMtS ' '1 i |il~! I fl "1 rttttt' Will 
I i , ,\ t 1 his t, , li. ! 1 iii'. 

llUI h.iM w Igl - t. iVlj in, ii , .1 Vi - 
ifUl in. n ll.r. • Hi' 1 1 i" 1 1 1 In vm i • nt 
tlteil ' It ii'l^i In. i th, •'■ iiti ii isi s h.iu 
nut iii n .1. lu .I ihi iii.ii 1. fi whirh 

llu v win- li'iiliiil M'lin Mils ayn. All'l 

In nils, I tills sill ill illl ll 1-1 ill WttgOl 111 

w "t I, i n. til' ii iii s. itin- j mi ts i .| V 1 it • ri ill m i >. 

tin " i ntitni'iliiiK mil ri sis '' h.iM rttiM.s1 

th,. JM |, , In inllsUIlll I- I'Mlll ' ' ' tn !<«l 

I ,t-i t-ini . * W'i- refill n! the great •■ in- 
iii.isi in w.i.;i". " in iWtOC nt' th'- tkuh 
IMUCTH, bttt M'l '1" n"> *H WUtfh ilimll 

ilu- ureal nun i-i- in tin LXBt oi living. 
That In the othtf w tlM tjacitthui, 
anil it i- mil imeiuieil for rcfrrctitfc milv 
in ,i v»hl*l*r< I"'" I**' | i"'liii ew will iml 
In- s.ilistii '1 With n 'lllli i Mi l alliiwniu i' 

when the> -ii tin wion«jH»li'tt!» i»Uitig ufi 
wealth la-in than lieretofore. 

Ami wlini »ho«i the rriniiMii tin tene- 
ment honaen anrl ii;>' UUtuman .sweat 



'"T- 'I' a crj 'l iii- tn In .i.i ii tin juftttcu ' 
' IW ' ,'iil "ii! i m r li -.. : .i 'iki-iI 
ehildrett whiK tin vri .it in ilntil art 
"i. N Jfjt iliil Si.i, mi/j ,,,, udi ,1s--. : i < - 

rill\ Jin!-, i ' }<4Mltl Ml" ) ii ijii ij.'i ,\ |,i 

i'"wi ' i 1 " , limn 'i. | Imji i!'.-i, imiiIi 

1- i -Jutllniis | Hill I,/, ,/ /. /, /; ;>i 

I i'ttf) ll Hi I 

+ # 

! in- Confession f ;i g^ah. 

'A 'A ■ I I I' • I : Illl ll ■ .-",.'■ I L 
T'l I ll' 'HI t1 111 I • . Mill . I 11 

I frtl t'"- •" ; • Mi In tin wt-fl»J "|.| Iii 

ni' '' ' '1, • 'ins., a t, I) iM w;' 1 ' iittll 

ii ; ■ ' i.i!. ■ ; ",' m ini,. | Kttti in 
'» l ■ ' ',- 1 - "I- 1 In -' ii-l tail 

"i' ' ■ i ml . ' i ; h witJi ,li i-. It;' lu- 
ll i v fj, ' -, i' .'illlli i li III". 'Ill • 
A\\t\ v . li-. I iltfi'll ii' nn.li •. , ! t. il- 
I,. ■! bill vti'lii.' I *. ", 'I' in- '"t:" |m 1 'i' I 
■ ll ,i^' •', i' ifUlri hall i • {ll - '1 
:i • , 1 'I- ,M' | . '.lit lu ill's' i Hi 1 1 

niUt.i i irnil; i -\ ilraW in 'In m; I 
• ■ i'.m ■ " V i i .' Id 'ti. in '1- n h' ■ ■ ■ 1 

,i"' 1 • 1 • Ill ", I "111- 1|nV. kl'n.Mtl,' 

vtli.'.t I -I ' ill ■' ■■' ■ ihhili£ . j .. mi. •'. n it 
. ■ i.) I >i - 1. 1 1 1 \ , h.r I utll ' 1 1 i 

•. i ;< i •! th ' ■ . ■ .'I. • t :i 1 1 I uai.l - Bfl 

i • i ' M| -i. i ■ i,i;.:.i i s, 

i . |m . a . i ; ' 1 • - ii , ju«ittl - 111 1' . "' 

I,. I ■ ' ■ ihj li*>lt«Jiythin>! I' 't ; 

: \ - •-,'■■.■,. i iin» ir.r.i, i" ' ■ il 

In ,. . ■ , ■ •, 'i t I ■ h ■ -i t'.i i i i li. ii i a. I - 

in hi .v. :t i vi t' -' i\ff 'ii-.',,!, i-. : I ■•" 

mi. "> I 'h i tl •'- ". Illliy will •' ... It 

■ • i: :i . •-! ' -"' ivlin. ill! tn i th ■' 

'.u think - ' (• tug ilti j ' ia 

sin'..' I \' ;l! ii ' . -u' nr. . \| i rii II ■ . 
\s i, , .; , ,' 11; ,\.- ', , n hutfe 

i. . '• ■ . ,i rtti ,-. th W'li, t- [ , aim in i 
,;.; l'.'.l tot v.nrk m> • w ti- mi; oh in 
slrjke. Tlii- w ' *.,. | si.n.-i^ r h'i'.ir- 'J 'r 
w.i> in justice i< ti, -ii-. hi- .ui.l theii 
Fatntlh i w - Itircil >n>\ tin Dittt|»nt) 
Wax (flat) i imiisl: hi i. |»1 lii v 't , v .. ■ s. 
I I ' -. i n. >, M i'i"-] ■ •' 'I -in. ' Tlii- Cotll 
pain iii 1 iml tru-i im . I wa* wnteh* A, bB»| 
•ni [hi in -i : mil fnttuH iL' iitisi mi . I . 

■ Ilstllfs.,;. \ Ml III ill it will nut 1. lio 

I-- i'i hi- .h.i'.Jiij- with hU fel)nt\ 
niti will not hi limiist with , eoTfrtN 
iii, hi. an. I is hi eannot la trwrtcil umlvi 
-in h . ii , iitn-t i'ii-.-s, j iio not i.i. mi' t'l. 

Cotlll*"l ,, v. M\. 1" -Ittii I t"i'k th. 1"'' i 

hist.. •. i living IhU f*n* nit nwl I lluillt 
i ,i *\ th ti i .in "••t! '•:' u i 'Ii-l iin havt 
i.n. in.. im nt'- juaee ot mitul ihiringtlwl 
irvbtg itti'l HTrihli litne, l will . i..» thi- 

h'tU'T I'm.]. mi, that it lit M Mfafh tin i>n -- 

! will iiimt a . iin i la;, tin igtwiBiinious 

tn! if ft -i'. ll.. M_'. MlllJ.llhlus ,it<- with 

,11 i ni m. iii tin ir Mtruggk' t"i ifhv 
i .1 1 1. 1 tn. i'i ni th :i norB-ith-tt. If miyont 
H.ini- ' ' knon ni'.i. ii.'in ih,-- l mil 

ildltti villi, tbcttl All 'In M''l- in III" 

,| ,.| Itl ■ h' I'll 1 M i}l I,,- .1. illlll 

; ,Vi Ti \ i Mat i .,m| ' % 1 1 n unit "I 

hit tt 1 - in "I* a IIICI11 "1 I 'it 

Signed, M ilu I > C- < n- \ 

('amp iimis ami lih.il tnnis ,m tile 
hi.i. .nut ihills ni a sinkinv; pyitlttJU, 
KVl i i ' lull i" tnmi <li toll} ill til llu la 1. 

When the frvet Rattti of prtw|ierlty ftntvn 
ii], i hull tin- ni.t/i'i eyes glieiten with 

ttWu'lt, llili ' t'si-inl. . lll.lt ]iiiis],. til \ ni a 

ti'W itteillM pluinler of llw man. . Thin 
w.is hull tin.s]i.rit> in Ffebdiaaxar'i 
]i'lan when lathyUm fell, ih, \,., 



Inful ittatiun WanteJ. 



Coucernttig the |>feai nt wli rrealwutA of 
Ft-nltitanil rlenin.it, formerly a mcmhti 
,,i rnii.n N... J. if In- is located pleanc 
cotutnuuicatc with his rlaoghter, Mis 
Herniun, ?19 Wade stn-i t. m with ll. a. 
He«g, & Wi-st l.ilnrly street, CtMattnati 
tHii • 



I'tivert: * s I'av Drcama. 

Kicliaril Whtteittg, whose reumrh>ihle 
an'lics ni' hie in tin- 1 - ,m-i Knd of lanulo i 
'im ti, i, i, -.ii ni.nki-il nn imjun won ujw 
'h* ti rwlinv JtilMic-i ipiineil Iii-, 1 ttft-t li due 

>.f till' sul.jcil !■• Jl i|i... ittlM.'n th.- W-T 1 

, r. 1 1 ii in ni th :n , 

Ma i ni tltv L'X}M*rteuei • ittnoi . it" 
ii 'ii', rg<'d i' n if tun ni"" inti ti hi.' 
i h ni t h.isi- hi h • i i..M in hrittt. 
'''I., rt'hiti 1 1' i'*:-' with A gfiswl" 1 *! • '. I 

ii' man w)vi lived in ill" - llrt" ti*39« i nt 
h> 1 1 ft i • ■ 'i tu tin ijtivi 'i. 

■ i ih. '' itt I '.v. >iili| liki t" Li lit. .,i • . n ' " 
ii'l tlii- Htltii 'I 'I. ,t'i. i, 

■ WH 1 ' ' '1*1 ' 'i WlUtetttji, 

• Il ; •!' t ' . , .in-. • t hi l 'nr-.- . !«•. .ins 
it I •: . ■ . [in i-tl I \\i .uM mm.- a (Ii Hflo 
. ' ■ w it Ii t . ''.'. Iii [»; .nn! it isn't l« .-.nisi- 

"t her hand "i nvi ii'ton* , n i. nImiI: 

.vhn HJO - Ii" -I ... I'i ..-..'!. I'i 1 I, M.r 

I 'il iiiu. li i r Hilnjiafi \ i i 

tm{ nrgati ; 'an ttwi 'hi ii ••hi wakr- 
u]i nt '.iin... i ■ i ii „■' mi -1. iininiing >tud 
v "it- i "' I ■• ;., .-.it -tn- • mm t,,u,-h a ' .1' 
utitl tint* ' '■ ' i a"'i >" ■ I '''.■• ripht 

l W 1 l 

!!. IJeve ii, N ins ii. 

Il Vi. i \ It] :ii i ' . '1 ll|i In the liiiul i«f 

• " ii ; ' • '.' !ftfi . h«M i "ii-ianily ti th 

I- Iii Hftut ",' ii no , -.•■"rvaiii/.t-.i. rut*! 
'i a it w>d tn' sii,-, • s ■' | im tnatti i 
.. |. ,- ,, ; , \ ( .., ;• ,]],„ v a .i, ;., v . ,, 

rhtft'tri fti i ii r • '..i' nji.i thai the - .♦. 
i 'ii >■ i.t. 'I y «t i'«< \ In ' it li ' I'lli* ! '• - 

Kuril uw* ah tn ■ ' i ' vtiutf HI in i ' 

i«i i i ,i" ; 1 1 ■ i . ■ mi . not tn ■ i ; ' 

ih< ' . ii -n I'jtw'd .nil' hat -m.'i •- i 

ii. >t ii •. in ■ - ■ ■ t -t r in' .-\' 'iii n -in 

; ' i i mi i'i a- ; i" .-, ml i .i • a, i : .■, ini 

■ im ii, i-. . 

\ tn ni '- fir ■• . -l • itotQte*! 't ■ his , |, , 1 1 ■ - 
ki - 'I ii I i-l . rcfUfte t.i -urrmiii I i ' 
i\ith in urmy or -l'>" is i'. ir* itt>] m . 
i i"'-. Vhj moii'lj riitqrel the%u f>« 

niir iii i "s-. .' n i h liifiiii ss. . v i "i \ i ,il 
nii'lt iiii'm ytiiti !'.i,;;n-. ',: rtrjult ...ii- 
li'ii fil thai ; "ii were m »U' 'ti il,, itna^ 

• a' ] - -ri\ -i i i, ni, dpAtgned i"r -ii'- i s- imj 
Il.tf i} lint. -ss. in 1 that ' im have ill ■ ;•. iv, it i" 

-i ran .'! th. . ni- Which wool I th .. in * in. 

LauOK Ulinn* stntld t'"itli' liortettitifl 
■ ■I the li'"'fs nf I (hot for tbi ■ ■ iUtion "i 

. Ill' I 1 .1"- h-r th.- ■ li . -,-i.is' - I 

1 i"iis i, iiii-u in iki enforced wii He* itee 
,--Mii t..' the ' iti.iii .hi ■! • lighten*, 
mint nt vni'.tli nf mi l:r<: lot ,i . 
'u ttsT cltt/ nship. i: 1 f'M wage* llllM ' ill 
inaki tlli-i- lliiiu- jins.-M Mi" ii- 

mother clft^of organixatintis ^\illl aim* 
s > Inuh, sii j .iiiiiitu ., t iii .-h il I 

ha* emyhody. fl^aMon font 
Unfair Cunteni?-. 

Tin- mill nf it., i. . Kvert* Ca "i 
Vnhurn N. V titan itf«etnre ■■.i-". 
Iiliitd < , mil door* . '.' lew , ■ [ikneil 
(tn ll'" unfair IUl hj I.", il I 'l i > i «. tm 
|,. i intently i. i is'ii',' ;.. i - . i • ,i the 
..,|i'ist ,,i th, iirgitntyathai ill" the) 
i| i]>i th niin linin i|i> am! ,,■<. the 
[ltd ni stall- n( w lui-s. flm I.i, ih I- 

thpiugliout tin I'niutl -•lit. ' ttrgetl 

In 1. ink nltl fur till' gOOdl "' ''.i- rllTtl. tt» 

il li.is always liiiii a lull i - iv nf 

oiganntttd laboi . 

Tux Central Tradvsaitd i.mI.«h Couttdl 
nf /am -villi-. Ohio, ins .I. 'lured i- n> 
Uafatt '-uii'iTn the Ti.wt'-- ■ U'I l!ri, 1 KOtl 

Cnir.i ui.iiii; Cuiupai i that ettjr. -\ 
[samnHttee front th- Canntdl ealwinMed 
i-\i-rt effort in trying to coaviacc tlii- 
linn .a" their wrong ami to iecure living 
wagva for iheli wnj inycs. 



Ti-.KSi.vi.Ki. littli >b) little; tm man L-vcr 

lu-i-.mii- "i' ii inthix world *r)»had >'"t 

|n im-'.. tun i ami j,iti. ii.'t . Tli.'si- ii% ft- 
mine w "' *" « 1 i 1 1 : « - . > " t n-. 



THE CARPENTER. 



The Carpenter. 



PHILADELPHIA, MARCH, 1900 



111 I ijj. • ' we will tlenl |wo ttpvefc and 



The Principles of u come try and 
Their Application in I html ° 
rail Construction. 



IN. 



Ml >KLK! ■ \\ II I.I Wis -t K \\ l'H\ 




N till- .III!' Il ttl ITcipn-l In iJIW 

.1 fe « itluttottti in-- 1 >f t ii liat.il in- 
dilution* • >i t . 1 1 1 Lit His, i> addi- 
tional ; fttrif hi' l>u com i wit — 

and Miuplii Itj <.i .mi method 
nf (hiding k'.iU ami thetvby [aoying 

till .hl.ipl li'li'l . of iilir lilt linn 1 In .ill .ill. 1 

t'\i r. condition rtangentM' ine'inattou. 

hi pig; wc li.i\i' -i|» in- hnnjenui on 
]il.m, mi. I in | hi< elevation tluv rm»uiue 
■ li itifiu inclination -the upper i.mtitiii, 
, ', , '. Lfiti^ IHHVh Mtt pL-r ih.m tin- 
holt. nil l.ill.L't nt • . n '. 

To liml th« ! i \t ' ilr.in tin- Inn- i.'. , . 
1 'i 1 ,'. 4" the | \ u t !i iMith i it tt, . , Of it, t», 
n!" iiu jil.ni, whit !i i- tlif radiuii as shown, 
bet it he n iiu iii'n u il tli,,t this Uftf will 
in all t'.i-fs be [he l..ise ut the triangle 

thai will contain the bevel-.. 

T<i iiu. I the .iltitmie of the triangle 
ilr.iw the (lotted line < . ,i. ill Pig. 4' , par- 
allel t.« tin top tangent < '. . '. v.v '.Iiu- fiii.l 
point : from this point .Iraw square 
to the tup tangent a* shown; transfer 
ii. ut i*i^. 4*i tt. and connect :, >>: the 
■Might iit will lie the bevel for the top 
tangent; again from point H.^. 4-', 

draw it, v, square tu < M'hlch i- the 

bottom fuigcnt revolved a> diowu b\ the 
dotted arc; front point ; .',i„i, transfer a- 
htfiifi ihf line ?, to Pig. i'i ,i, and i iiti- 
iifei >, (he nngjv id t. will be the 
lievfl for the bottom btuxent. 

fill* I'TI if.-', ut nli - , I Ulttg lii'.i], 1. 

miiviT',il in \tf, application foi Mptnn 
ami olih»|tif ii.iM'i, .i- well a. (urnn\ turd 
ever; variation in tin- inclination of thi 
tangent*. 

In Pig. 4, we bti-vi .1 wpitirv plan, but 
iiu inclination nf tin laugents are u- 
veraedl tin bevels ..ri .iiii.l mi tin- viiin 
principle iut -.iinttn at pig. 47 | n 
pig. i- wf have. i plan of tangent* con- 
taining .m oMust angle, a- shown at 

i, r, f, ami the plan of the 1 1 litre lliii .it 
tile rail, -howii at (. -', S; lis-, th in a 

quarter circle, the tangent* are cnnatli 
included in the elevatuni iu> ithown at 

i \ <•', aii-l . ', g\ In Vv A . I 1 , wi have llic 

mtOK plan, bin tin- tangt nts in the elevH« 
lion an- different^ ineliiie«(, Uu ion 
tangent hi ing Kteepvr than th, Ix4tutn 
one. 

in Kig, we have a ptanof laugejrta 
eontMlninx an </./</, angle, mil the cen- 
tre line of the tail note than a quarter 
Circle. Xoegptain Kig. 4-Mlr..-,v the tine 
s, Utialine i-. uausllj termed ordinate; 
from •>. tin- centre "f tin curve of the 
r.-»i' itii'l ]ia ill. i |u th. ordinate 8, ^ 
draw e, on <\ rais, the [wrpendicuktr 

lint- fioin draw tin line , ],,,,. 

aiJel to ihf ground line; we Utiw (iml 
point <f, whereirom we take our ima-.m - 
mentti to the laugeuu* ha tin altittu|e«i| 
tin triangle that i\ to contain the bvvv] ■ 
tlie measurement* in ibis li^nn are tlw»wn 

at it, g, ami tt, r. 

To And the bevel, take the railtUflO, C , of 

the plan for bam.' of the triangle Pig. •ji.i, 

ami the line or n , t, ,is attitude ; con> 
neCt X, o, ami al ~, we have the bt vel ; in 

this caae for both tangi tita becauae n i-, n 
.■ase of equal iaOfaatl in leogUl ami ill* 
inclatioii. 




l 'l' ,. (O (I. 
that litialiM thi UtUgl III • Hi in •! t ' ,u .1! > 

incViiiett, 

III Pig, S win, Il ha- in .: . .'iji' 

baw ami uiK4iu.-il iiu'lt nation ot t »ugi rtt">. 
we linil tlu In tt U tt ilratMnfl (he i«rd' ; 
nate ^ w. thi :i a lute I'o '11* 1 to 't In nit 
point .'. tu . . ami from \: In . '. iml from 

'. ail i is^ i In I .I. M '.. i. . ,i . | ,• , n 1 1 • 1 c be tot i 
In ft nil .h. ili^t.oti fs it, . ind ) -, at*! 
tnutslVi I In in to l-i.;. - il ./ , tin betels 
will be fomiil at «. atal ■ 

We twv» i'i't\ i "tin t" ;hi i a.l of the 
serial, and trust thai "in cfi«l« i\..; will in 
fottmt of 1 i n 'it ni in in . iti] rippi ciatetl 
acctirdii ^'t 




Ptti. t; (i. 

it h is always heen our opinion that tin- 
!■ i. bers nf thf science of haudraiiing an 
mainly retpotuiihtc for tin 1 ,nu ntahh 
nanttd loeual knovitv^lge of thf xicuci 
lit workmen in general, m that iht \ 
have uvgli i led to explain tin lut-ii ■! 
prim iplc« iu»lerl\ ing tin n tan a n i 
niethi "I- "i coiMruci i. in, 

sVi ao . ..n!:.li iii th it .in ititelligi ut 
>tnil\ of IhiHM article* will enable tin 
tiicccwful -null nt th< n '.i tn surnnmni ail 
itifficnhh s ,ni.| i.. qlitc t<> ixtitain in. 

n kt ami l hi wh. n fore "! tin wh'.a 
1 1 r • n ess. 




I'H.» )S a. 



Can Vou AnswiT? 

t ...I i. ..I t>ut ii.. «{ibtrr s «, i, i,,,, |, ,„ ,, s ,,i , , 

l h a -ai. . hnit Im n twrpl ,,«,.t ' 
t hi v.. ,. pril thr ,,.|,i. ngni,, ,,„ ,,„. i - h 

Which IVII a % ..hi im i.,,t; iv • 

Can tun [Mil ill. lib . nil I,. i. k u|| ii,, k t( in 

\n. I . hum n |n l(vt am) j(ru« f 
Cm t in -nil Ui. litiltfttlv'N 1. 1. .kin winu 

t*lml t .,ii . i iwhnl » iiii i i.i. i, v i.|.„i ' 

Cm you j. in il.. I.I. ...in gfn| ||„. ^, ; ,,, r 

< ii tin- ampr iiK.'iin mi the t in.. - 

l ull VOII Mil III. llPwrlrMM I.:,, k .in Hi.- H.,w. t. 

An. I make Hu m BtHirfch und nhinc i 

I ill .nil | .III I In- |.l t;iK I. ill k ..II I In |.,sr 

ii tun nulla, tt.. iii. i a mndl us -m i l 

Ctnil I t..n pul th* Until hi Hi.- |i„»k 

Ana sin.w im n,«- rip i « ii. ;a j 

I in yim iml iiu krrnrl u«l In I he nut 

i ii iln- brukfii r(f« in ik sin-It f 
t mi t..n y»y Ok- h.inrv t,mk in IhetoMii 

Ami i . .tu win, Ml |, M || , 

tttpyou inn t in- iierfumt btck In tin- 1..-. 

w hen anew it him «|«-ii hwhv t 
Can v., ii pm liwcwnMAlk Imck nn thr rain, 

or ltl« down i, ii iiu- ,;iikjn My > 

\ ■hi iiuiik thiii my quMUmni ire Irifttn* d*ai > 

l.< I till' n sk t ■>.! inn il 1,,., , ,„,. 

L.m ii hunt] «.,„! herwi uiwald, 
ui im aakiatfeteed undone f —Amu 




Kt<». 4''- 





I to, js. 



1 \ki'i.\ti:ks' I sn, > inQ ha requcnti 'I 
Carpenters' t'njnm ff\ 41,4, jar ,,n,| bt, 

111 "I N< W \,, t \. ( li t , to. If. I , ..INI, Mill . s 

toco-operate with a committee fnrtn the 
""ion m making arrangrmeiHii for the 
joint picnic to he held Ibis sun,. 

mer. 



DuatNc tin past tw'i year* there have 
" id t ••*" trusts urganiacd in the 

United Stales. 



\i 1 i.Ki.iNi. |.. tin las; ■ — » i « "i 
A../.*.///,. ,u -1, the \ 11 o 1 m .1 11 Pi ' 1 1 1 1 1 1 " ' ' 
of bahori haiii n .1 hitt si\ animfidurin^t 
tin- month ui ! inuary, in wlditinn :1 " 
. bariers owued hj affiliated uatinMul 
nniona. 

Maw nteetinga are lieitiK heW 1,1 
land in lavor of untvenwl miffrage. 
- - - 

TtfMKK an .', 'iKi iish, rmen ol Si ttil««li 
Portugal, on stuke im highet *a*< - 



THE 




iMimr n!" 
il 'aim- ti 
lltll-t hi 



it- menttters. Thus gradually 
he ri i xiguhccd thai a workman 
madi somethittK more titan a 




I i' . 50 a 



I lie I'roicress nl l.ahor. 

In 1 11!', - tin- 1 il»'!> 1- W< "' "j.>-!]> 
tut 11 >',m - 1 if >1 L V t.lkl II in w |l "t 
1 :' J 1I1 - H 1. il II Iti Mil I lli it II II |*1 i'li 1 '! 

I ' i ■ 1 1 •! ,i 1 mum - ' ■ ■ -1 im -t> ilin>j in H iwd 
<i In tlnn uiiii-. lilmi *a •n'jiii'.'i 
iln ^.m»i i.i.i r»V iii -iiii].!i pi hi thai 
tin . should lake who h iw 'li' 1" 1 



1I1 



vii 



llil V 1 1 1 1 NS 1 »• « 1 III 



>ll 



' il<' i.i .tiitis mi- sitnj.h 1 r.>u;'!i cry 

l.illl/ lll.ill 11I i|i -Jmllslll. "I I 111"' mil- '-'ill 

1.1 i|i >.|».is 111. 1 \i, inn- Mii-t nil 'i nt 
■aii- 111 lin n 1.1 ij.111 iii'l jiin-.! • iitinii .|i 
hi.. 1 it. h org nil/' ■! tut u-. h.ntmj fin 
Ml' it uliji 1 t I hi 1 IJrtl I I il'"l - * » « - i It* 

11 1 ninulat i< m m*l tin tm ••] 

UlMl .llw,l\ s ll.l'.ll tn 1.1 1 "III' ill' I 

•piddled 1 . 1 in hu it 1, m 

\\ lull- -n, ii , , imdithni 1 sbAi ■! Mi. ' ■ 

a 1 mi s.iti is t.u thiw; it" '.in' 'I t" the 
|m 1. 1 in| im'i npatitai nt ' lunnti n 1 m l the 

nix wvf l>\ 111 uiiwUUfi>; i> 1 ngnitioil 

"I tin Irini'lli "I might ami tin pit) 

tiirni in might "t *i»> demanded -inn tn 

ili-lam IK mi Mi. 1 vii.w 11I it* .|i -)Milir 
p"Wr|. Sill ll Ji.iMlli lll- \Mli lll l'li- li\ 

ii\ili/ril nations, inchidiiMjl tin iroiled 
Stilts, fur litUtl} Mats tn |iintiit lln ii 
• it i/i-ns ami i iiiimu ri i- I nun I In- f«J»l il) 
"H In- 1 ntsairs of the H.ol> u , Stall s, 1I1.1I 
l"t untunes had In rii li iini- nt the 
Maritime mnU and r um . I into « pHik's* 
ami hopek*s* atavery theii unfortunate 

captives, 

The aiicictlt view nl tin- propel n la 
Innis nl' lul, (ll nnd lajiilal was, tin n fore, 

tin- aiisi.iuii- ownership h) tin lattct oi 

the ,«imci ami powers n| tin lilmiii. 

Hot, as aaeict) gradually improved undei 
lb* henefickutt teachings ol I'm isthmity . 




till- ttrlMlitUUI W 1 ,'t i, 111. ills modified, 

md ilin hi.' itn Fi ml tl afpr tin- i»isii imi 
oi Wmr, alih.iujli Uioronghl} deplorable 
fr»i»n nuj j'ti si iit iKiiui oj w< w i*»* -1 ill 
■ 1 m-ii li 1 il •! •> improved, Ian .iL'ii' ult in ii 

I 1 1 ..it 1 ts ami si 1 v ml win \ 1 I 1 1 L'.il .li 1 1 
is U I..11..111'.' I., iln Ii U1I4I ilmn mi mi 
v. hti Ii tin ■ WCTC 1 . 'i 11 , Hid tli< li ii. lal 
lord "1- iltdge. jiii v . ami to»M)ftt;)1 tilv 
, \. , nt tilth 1 ii iln s,iiii«- lime Tbvrc ^ 1* 
nn t,\. .1 hintr* t..i »..i'k "i rate "i w&gp* 

!. .! au h \ ill' III', is llli \ XM Ii' l allnl. 1 III > 

tvorkvil a- ihvj win require*] ami 8c» 

,i l,|i .| wllii w .s 1I.1I11! .Hit In tlll'UI as 

I il1ll|il'Tls.ltli.tl <',!.!. III. llh . as J.titllllU' 

innis, .1 tin lh'iu "I knowlwigp, 1 Uvtt< 1 
tn lie nl nt hi- ilevi \a\toA; tin- ingviiuUv 

ami hlVi llliw lull ut "I MWJlkilwl In ran Ui 
,is-i it iln nisi hi • . ami umli 1 tin iHi-ssiiu 

, .1 a li nl\ ailjllli lllatnni nl all Ili'i 111 
li Hi.., 11, 1 -ii|i|.ii tiu nli .I li\ iln- >llnrk nt 

l{umnwi< 1 , ii udalwm Hitittil***! t" piecci», 
mid 1 ii,..i 1.1 van 1.. (urni Kuittki, rtrgulHW 

aj.|.u ilin 1 slnj.s tin rut* "I waj.'i s, ami 

II is nl InIhU . ami ti> 1 nllMlll its ^t-lii i ll 
\Mllalr J*HM) til'-" lalnif iT^alli/.l- 

tn.iis i„ . aiii. nn jM.u. itni InKnglaml, 
11ml. t ilu Tn.li'i Liia: -. ilii > were 4c 
Kcrlhctl bj 0»f»n »« 1 ' fwtwwHiw 

1 \il," lull Iln 11 is a litlli- ilmilit ittat, 

ii| tin- Whole, tin > I'M ii iM 'l .1 fellUtAT) 

ittflucitre M|k>ii tin' condition «>f the 

sM.rlil's «.itl.t i- ii. ill' ii age. III l.'.liil.ni, 

ri^liti i ii "i ihcwe tmile K«iM« still im-i 
ris uf wlricii wiii Hfjpiiii<w| twly iit the 
rourtventtt centurj *t*i tbvoihw l« the 
ftftcfitth mhI «Ht*«nt!i 11 munis. 
,\s tin- reiitih <•) mucli diMrvMful cff»»rl 

il aaW I" > K-ti TIM iin-i I thai an a|i- 
jiiilllin- sliiuilil Mivi- m'M-ii \<ar, in 
If.lllilllK a Urade, ami lllilt a ' t|u\ \ 



\s..ik " -li-.iii.l nniit.K- tin- lime from 

-nn In sun. " that is in s i\ . trmii -uii- 

tij -mi ., i. and 1 lustier , thongh ft*nn 

11.11 si iii'l]" 'int -till Verj tiiiMnn.', v.iU- 1 1! 

W l.'t - W.l- I'sl lllllslll'il. 

\i ihis |„ in.,1 1 iiin- wi v many mid 

lirittuttgLil atli iil].t- In ii L'ill ilf tin- 1 "in 
|H lis ili.i'i nl' aUis.ills lij law. Tin- was 
Inn- n"i f>nl) in I -1 1 1 1 • «!>*-. I Hit in lilt' 
\11n1i1ai1 .uliiiiiis as will. In l»»JJ il 

was ,111. lt d l»j tin- gtmeral wmrt "t 

\l I-...II lllls, lis Kit ih.lt ' jwllt.., , Itll I. " 

shi.ni.i ni' iM not mure than twn itliill 
hil;- |.it • 1 1 v whi'ti IkKtriling tlii'in- 
srlvm." "i I'niirtt'i ii pi ni i- with • ilvi-U," 
ni.i nut 11. .1 w.-tkin. ti wm* to htivc theif 
w n't - fixed bj " • c«Hi*t«bbi ami tw.t 
iilhfis." Ml Wvfe I" WOK tin- wlmh 
iln. . a -h'.tt Htm lu imj rtHctWini l.n 
■• I I. ami 1. -I " 1'. n ill w.li' tivf'l 

I.., I wit) vi 1v,, i 1,1 ' reeeivef "f uttw 

w un s. Tliis upjn i-ssiM law was tt tu'ali il 
i,, ., h w \t ais, Iml tin- I. .Inn 'las i-ni 

1 1 1 1 111 1 1 In lir 1 1 ' -an tn MM " l"f - ,BI 

\i-ais llli l iMlli-r. 

Tin- itdt>}>tbm nl' tlii- strain engine <'i 
Wan in thr totter part "i tin- hwt cen- 
tury, as .1 motive power for nulls, mid 
invention*"! Arbwright, Cwtwrlgbt and 
Con rapidly ehanged tlie eeonontie reb*- 

tliinsnl lal.nr In su.i iv.ainlit mmiIi l.i- 
Ctttne i\i'lrnt thai III* \as| ji.twils ,,f 
niailniiil> K pHSdtkd t" Ihril llllrrillnst 

woubl produce much more than the 
wants ui thr world required, ami the in* 
nt asnl iliffuMoM "i knowWdge ami HaWt* 
..I thought among men, Mirred littonctiv- 
it\ uerlupH by Wa» disturoances, made 
n plain that the imCetj ol society umlet 
ilu 1 nrw tl vrlopmenta, capecklty in a 
Republic, rested nototy on tin- Intell! 



mere worbiuij machine. He rnusd i>r 
edumted an. I ].i..|.itK fittd foe hi* posi- 
tion in relation tuihrnrv nrderof things, 
Thit 1 dm in- inn tint!, laiiin at once from 
ill, I'ooditton of a itnnmodit) (which is 

■ilnii;. - willi'int si'ti-r ainl iniji, .s-il .lr In 

educate ami piticefl it in a vastly higher 
ami niwt. dignified relation t.. thr world 
than ii had ever before .ccupiMl. 

The** i n 1 ,. tlitnlj perceived, felt, rathei 
than Hppreiiettdeil, alioui thr em] "i the 
iir-i third oi the present centur) fed, w ith 
much -"i i ai f«i lion ami bitterness, to the 
in ul\ simultaneous erioption in Nrw 
England ami some other States o( a ■■ ten- 
limir tiny " ami an increusetl retnuueni- 
linii f»ir lil.nt . Tln ti eame the lycetim, 
that workingtnen's college, free public 
libraries, improv«il wlinols, technieal 
.in. ..Is and a general Isroadeniug ami 
ili-cjicttiiij( nt tin- Intellectual buweraof 
tin- working forces, which, reacting in 
turn, tit velopcd inifirovol maehinery ami 
in- tin 1. 1-, togetlter with an increase of 
prrsluction ami wages, 

VVcaruuou coufroute<l with the ques- 
tion whether, with thr improved nv idem 
nietiiauism an. I methods, in tin- hands 
.,1 workers .i. velopetl moilern edue(t< 
liunal conditkms, there cannot beenougli 
prrsluti ivcatcd i. 1 thr world's needs in 
a working day of eight hours. This 
ipio«l{ou has jn matij cases already been 
buswi it ., iii the atbttnative, ami jaomlses 
t,. I,t sriiU-.l with mm h less (If flicttlty ami 
dtstiirlaincG Hum nccompuuied tin- estal*- 
lishmem <>i the "ten-mutt 'lay " i.: the 
t ai ty I'-n t 1 11 tin- centurj . 

There are no more lm]H>rtan1 questions 
ii tin jin-sint time tliaU those aririflg 
from tin relations "i lalairaiwl machine! ^ 
in society 1 ami 111 disposing nl' them 
wisely the l»roa<le*l cullure ami whleat 
eKperieth'i arc uol more titan sufficient, 
Ki»li>r\ ami precedettl ate valuable tn 
unii and admonish, but not always 1,1 
direct 01 cotttrtd; ami, as new problems 
in mechunic!i require in w inetlHKls oi 
dilution, si, in -1, 1 ial ami economical 
inn ii 1 s new i>. . .1-1. .ii - teach m w 1 hit us." 

Luis, M Shii>:{> in fttttMbl I. 
. /i,,>, ult ion. 



Mow Fortunes are Made. 

'I'hr average person wish. s to fie rich. 
It is the dream oi the average life. The 

] r worry over poverty and often chafe 

at (he iliniiL'hi tint tliej cannot lw tn i I - 
liniiairrs Men wiih less education ami 
tvHb bf*< hmtos chan m<tny who .,1, 
Ktrnxglittg for their bread, eoum their ac- 
cumulations bj tin millions, ami the 
unfortunate an- itnabte to understand ii; 
mnl the rich, tliough often asked, nevet 
give the secret "i Isjcoming wealthy, in 
a nil nt magaxini sympomum a number 
..I mltliouaires prescrilte their rules lit 
which fortunes are made, K|titombtin|j 
(hem. they are lobe industrious, sola-r, 
honesti prompl ami energetic, No one 
will (batbt the imisium necesn'ty of these 
\ irttiei in a successful Hfc, Rut there are 
men in tin- almshouse w in • have prac- 
ticed them all their livra; bankrupt have 
been governed hj them; tin man in the 

Itovel RM) have alwavs religiouslj if 

panted them, ami millions upon millions, 

who an- iiullinn uji the Wrongest figlll to 
feed tlu it families, leamcl thi s, urin- 

l ijilfs in iheii ninth' -s' laps ami adopted 

them as port of their existence. 

Unless a man is in.ni with it talent fot 
aecuutuktioii lu will never aeeumuuUe 

millions. It |» as t|i*tinct a talent as is 
the oialoinal. [.oelltal IS al I isl ie talent, 

'I he tit ii man w 1- hoi 11 a nn un nl sponge 
ami in ilisortM Bverj rtotbu with which 

ll,. COHH'S in COtttaCt. He tallllot help 

becoming rii h. Ha < kangf> 




If 



6 



THE CARPENTER. 



A Stirring Appeal. 



[ftwu.>! 

tllli'l -I 



Ml ■ .1 : 

it ll- | 



>\ .i - niitili i ! • i 



1 1- 1 ii 

It!* J 



■ I nil 



in tin 

\>%'i\y. ■' 

V In i 



mi iiil'ir- 



.nil] n i 
> .. tkv t 



Ini 



it ,t 



i i ii 



i'i 'ti t 



■p.! ,.i 
■ i I - . nti 
tr. a|g», 4in, , , 



Mi 



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I I f, 



(I I 
I 



tWVe [ 



■ 

. ■ 

a:>>:i I'ltrf* itU'ffl 
ill I IH >jt air ,| '• 

|i ■ i«l hi 

It*, IS'JlC 
Ii tint!*, )•• hJCCl 

will hi hi tit*.- i»avt;im hi 



r 



n. 



Wt . tin itltili v-i-'in 



Halt, 



,'.»,' i >>//,:<■ 



siiv the ttmrkcl Itottse fi 



! I !i\i 

I 

I '. 

■Will i- !i.i , ■ 
•il ri iff|Wr< m( 
B sm!, . t ,i...u .i- 

I'.'V ill IL 1>UV- 
I. H IW .!'._. La ■! 

,1 

iiforrA u ./. 

U l;.i-!i.r'i ilk- i ■:•>).•, .lutiiiL; the regular 
irtlilrUtlg ii,; foe , ■ irin-iiti-r^ ft) 

Clr\, 'l.ui.i to liVnarul - cent* in hour 

NM llirii -'r\ici-.; tin , h -li >i:i hi* ja. 
\ ii:. I king thai it has !•. . ..tnr ju*t tlx 
frame .i- ,un .itlur fixed habit tiktt '"in 
tafy have. 

The opportunity i> nexu it In.;, I a. . T T . . j ■ 
It, 'iii.i ..ti . tprit ../. „i:,-,i th,- h ihit . : 
./< - »/.i «,//«<: and with x ,<-■ $n /■■ > aVwi ,< 

Th.- jiliiiiii.. -raof Cleveland gin tOgethi i 
two i r-ns ago .in. i u-. [inn ,1 ilu h»| :i 
fight; may of getting JJ.flQ per day, .in. I 
will iU-',i ,,„| , titCx -priiiy. The 

i .nek layer, have. Iteen long in the 
habit of petting J&Sd md£>kOU per.iku 

that ItolxxlV •. xp< i t- tin in t.. Work im 

teas. The carpenter* of \. w Vork^ 
Chicago, s-. i.miis. Philadelphia, Boston, 
< >in iha and other [dare* sir v:. ui-i- well 
Mittkd in t Mi it h.iKiis of getting ffom 
*X5n u>|4.tKj |R»r il.iv. in ii,. paat when 
yon have asked tor an incruaae in tragi 
the builder* -.ft up the claim (fa d i'« 
l?mot ii wi»t»hi deter ovuay peoph: from 

building, mi, | \n till m- n 1090 Mmn ill. 
greatest mi., hi the hnjMlllg lint- .>i ,tnv 

ntlK-i in the hi<tur) of ClcvcUmt, rloapite 
the fact that the cowt ..i the inairiiaU » .. ,| 
mi UitcoiMtnti » i. .n ..! hittWingg , V a. fnmi 
MJ to IJ5 p •! cem. hii-liri limn . , ; 

l.t'tnli 

[f \\f 4tOM hj urn IH'tiot) Hi il sw 

the im re*»e, we wit] gel it. .m.i the eff«i i 
• it it will be :.. liUYttwe the Mnottnl oi 
liuililiii^ to Uu ilene tfolt year, Fttr w otu 
iiltiinatf aim i- to ifi i « UXI ) >< i i\n) , the 
liii-t that w. .u , . , (j j n (1 , . , , l( 0^ 

yvsa will be i noun, m,,,, i„ ,|i. imiilir 
at liir^'i-, lint wc will !„ Ml H po«rtk»t| to 

KriKln ilh rolee ii ami within a few v a>M M , 
esteblinh thr f4.«i r ..t.-. so Ittxteail of 
detarrian M»y, h \mIi ctvm -<.iiir t.. build 
tins yea; who other won vvouk) not, 
Von httve, too ](in«, borne the white 

man's hiir.li-ii ! S'nti an- ehgH«eil in 

hjoafneiw that n qeireiithe htg}te«i kin.i -,i 
-kill! \'uu have epenl year* to acquire 
a knowledge <>\ it I y,,\i have to htrutHh 
and Utaintaiti ail uxpenirive kit of toola. 
vi t the wage you receive doea not 
properl) provide yourm If end hiinily with 
Mn- nec en a nrie a of life eveti (luring the 
tune that you are emphiytrtl, and d«|ue< 
iiiK tin time lout "ii accouitl af ram, legal 
holhtayK, lunkiiiK tot woril stc.iandthe 
idle ntontlM during the winter, yoti wort 
■ hi an average <w ^ V rn nr eight month* a 
\eat-oniy. .\ii.l heaidea the tiatun "i the 
work wake* \'»ii nthjeel to accnhml and 
n i. in 



N", •••• « eai". .1 i n t ' ii- w iffj vtii Ftjttllt 
i "i I i l \ ..it at .' a lUthuJ : i.i ii ' |i«i ' 
• nil i i hit;* Erryji :.. \\ n. m : A \- ■ 

. i 

■a! U'H i th.' i t . . i'i ' i .\i im 1 1 1 
IsIua 

:m . hjd ■'■ 'Ha ; I ■ I -V ah (u tttfo ; 
Hi' t>i<tll« lit i',.i llli v.i i!. ra.| !{mi 
tllrf IM, f»« a- | it rtn (liOVi dl i '- 
•"» - i"'ite '.i itiak> \ ..w !•.!• nj nil ! i . 
■ '■ 1 ' ".: a . H II ' 1 i '-i ■•' 1 ' ' i'i •' I 

il*i i I jvjrtei t . In- i r is nlifrf'l 1 

■ I ii . ..I 

[fi i"'il i, \ . .1). mi Ml || 1 1 . II -iM 
i I'VI't) n«H1U . i'i., :: . at ] ' t I in £l\ . > 
, liHl ttlll - 1 ' [It !'- , I...L lllc -a. i i I till • 
litr.il s'lHVt't ilvpriid i'ii 1 1 ', Yi i»| .1 
l« > ■ hi: -i *.i is.! ;.iin ! ■ ■ • .I.i .■■vii; 
It Vi , otu ■ "ii ii i in '-,:.. a i ; kv tall 
«l ak iwl di i'i, ale . InMi . "i ii 1 ... tin 
<**h - ind !.,i'U. i rli I ;>1 ii • llvi ul i 
HtJUM n h. i ihi — -l i ■ .a!. It i . m: Wll 

dWjl a. • fl r ! vi]'i '>*•■'. i ■ ■ •■ It a ||J 

lit if..' tl 

i fed ..n :;. n\ .>, .'• . ,.i. ii j-n' . (In. 
r.ig-1 48, w In-ii tin i ilt ', !:,i\ ■ i . 
yi'dt* ajM. Vim will ' , l»tit i : . 1. 

thiriui; i he dull *t * rt* ntd jn 1 - ti» 
Huh- hi nothing, oi w . «r v. . tati 
liixd it . dultivi a .i iv i ite, t.i tin 1 1 the 
l. '.t i>: thr mi-. i il.u- 1. in lin iii miii no* 
oixapy. Vmi . an 1.. nk i. n win l»»iha\mjj i 

]il,n-i'»if \niir own. i i . . i It . r 1 1 tHUthle/Olil 
i\;.i lis,' ilt.it !,,!■. I.fi || in..,i:. .1 I,. Ittttuj 
ulKUll tin- i.;i|ii.ttiimi\ fitl united Hi 1 lloii 
t . 1 1 1 ti> ut m tin nutter, hurt* i\w n 
l . i v ; .. . ini that m;. h at . ; ■ ntuMil \ 
| vi i . I. nr i^aiii ' 

I'M. Ill V- I ' 'l. \ , 
\tJil H7 I VUi \l S 
1"1!N .\l.i l i tt 
\l"H.I'll 'A I X\KII . 

illd ..111. r* 

'TwoitM lie Better for ii 

1 1 ni. n vmnld a. i tli i a lit ■ 

An. I ii'Hi t trpvi] a m t, )t«. irsnj 
1 1 blti i ' > wmw »hi uti it- Win!".- 

'1*111 i> . >■ xl ta . iti i -ii a.- 1 1 tii via- 1 1 
li > n-l ni «rn n nli » «:'.ivn 
II ul li'wci lillwl in. u to ,.|..i, j| 
1 1 i ill nl -ti. .in 
In Irnih itiin 
II m a. t. a. i| 

I 111 ll>VC I.i l;i|..|i 

'i tiijhtjiMii. mi|i il 
iii ever) Bain 
i b« »..ii.t »..iii,i i.. tb, i,. ,,, 

M II 

* * *■ 

I lie Rochdale Pioneers. 

lain .five yeai - ago, i «eni \ • ■ .'la 

"■ M ■•• Km il. i.i j, J ... 1 1 , • is], hi . 

Kngkitid, li i\ i ti ^ ^iwii up / . . . . |i 

Iweoi -til, bugaii 1-. rue a store nn 

the |rrineiph} of divHliug (.n.iits ,,u th, 
am. unit ul pun li.,-. s, , m .| wftklWjj ,11 

purehnaen -ii m- bofali i-, with .< i.\. d 
imeresi on Ihed . apitul i in -., mi n in 

knot) ti in I In hUtttt < ul , . i. . ij ii i .,; 

Knglnnil a* " tin KmcIkIhU' hum n,, an<i 
ike prim ijil. -tin j I -id down have In eouii 

the i Uiel i.uiitr -t ■ ..ml the fouudath. i 

ol all the orxaid-wtion« m workingmen 
no*operaton>, which lit the year in >■■ mnn 
lit re! nearly J.ooo.ixkj mendier*, dkl m 
aggtregate lai-.nu., m Grvai Britain <.t 
over * im i,i, i h>, < h, . w, j i , ., 4 me , ,,|„ 1;| | ,,, 
•f\X>,000.000, made i profit .,i f „, 

ami own i I ..iMHi.u 1*1 i,| jflvi I, rl in.. ii, ^ . 

Hosfm /ion., 1 1(>, 

Thr trade union movement, from time 
immemorial:, hattdevtacd it- Inrgeat rfforf 
to uanls olaaiuiiig hnuwniring n ultN lot 

ill. It has in, l HOUghl in dcKtrO) . llUt t.. 

1,1111,1 »p niaiiii.,..,!, eharacu i ami the 

W»«he*i an. ,1,1, , undHiona m s.» j«ty. 

ih it n has ii. ,1 oeute i.i-.ii a prugn s in 

nut due tn us wbu have done duty to 

our rellowmait, Inn to thus,. | MVC 
l ' l,K ' >»> fluomwlvi ■ with the nolde 

i .in r. * ,mnfi, i ,, 



i itfoor Ni-i* - ni the W nrhl. 

; ., ',. , i 'i J Inn-, nl L'liUIWt.H hi 1,1 
vM.Ti i . j 1 :■> • ; a j. ,''.> ■ '. i'n' wivutd 
'in.. .■' i |.i m | oil ml 'i i '•• bill I'" 1 

■ : ; i 1 i |i jai . , LdttH ■ . i umk ' "an. I 
nil . . I, , i 'in h> .in - 1 1 '.i!\ . 

I K * *> i i 1 ■ ti'iwti .a.'. .ii i-i .v ill 
♦fi 'it' 1 'M a i- 'n:i ri iitt i" dr* It*" j 1 "' 
i : ', :. i . -a iii . tin; ■ .; a 1 |tmi t> Itlpj 

i V i'i. i i\ I ■• >IU(Rl» .in: i . ill I 1 ' 

\\ u. ti " i • i '.., k l .1 1. .it. ■ W .1. Hhij . 

I i lit, .i . .11 til!, 1(1 (1)1 ' A.i. ' 

\ : ' \i i ii i i pti 1 1 : . Tld Ti riinifi\l 
n| ffUTll .... i- nil hH'%i ni, •! ;.. 

i ill 

Em ■ 

■ il . : till , . 1 1 1 . 1 1 - ttj 1 ".a : 

• # • . 

\ s i k i k i hi 'tufvd in'. ii i.. tin 

v 1 . ' nn n Oil ijii ndhl ! \ I ft) Pltf'FtU 
1st. ' m !\ i :,, i ;tl « il;i - 1 1 . .in 1' i 

"' 1 ■ ■ > i "* i •! ii hitndri .1 

UJi ti !: im- tl t< wiwk 

' Mil |. Si' iTl s v. . ,\si t 1 |ii,i , \t:, 
li'fd lUt. h t* liatist nt;. I ,n i; j., ,! !,., 

mj E«a the '. i di i'i:...,.i Kxrkef. whu 
1 1 " >W k»utk wit i nil oi th. s.aali 

\t! li ni w 11 

\ - . u i h, i i' the Mi mil ■ d C't4tiiii t in 
i"'. n V dh-> i-it : : i.iu,.».. . . ». 

wh?eh , ■ ■ opei itivir* w •n cu ,t. | fa 
''■ 1 11 - ttl '1 lUe nn m .', o*nm ,n ,,]-. ,i,, . 
fj ;..■! , ,-at. 

Kxs<i Hi- sk'. in hi , gjiAHViJ . 
piivilogd ■.. ■ i: j . 1,. )mm 
n \. h i , ifo. ftngi muf; 

i'.i I M*lNli ";..;,' i. ,: n i • , ,' \- , „ 

rloetttg the em ... t mj , s *... }\ . 

••*"'•••'«• 11,1,1 thi ...a Ij4 ' it!-, .'xj.. Hd 
itnre im -:i. h pnrpu i 

•m vn.i s linn- 1- in , I,,., i| j |, . 
i'*p3nsM«i in .. tun] ,, lf , .... 

''' "" 1 1 " - dhn ■' "i ill. mini . nl 
l, r- •' I1ti| the ' ...in- ol th. . „ 

" i i 1 1 - 

r *r 

I .llt.t. i.; OII«l thj Mult-. Illll, || |t| 

"i uiinmnKrti. «hu*h \% i.„ k..| '., th< 

\ni" man I-, .ji , Ami ,,, ,_,,.„„ K M(W 
la it** Dutgret** It is ||, | U(J ,|, , ; „, ,| 
"tniin-tltiilnmal ,.,.„|, in eorpoiatimi 

U« \ it-. 

I I '"'' I w..i, ri, f# 

* "» <■• "i t revel .,„| 

11 '" l fi ' 1 ■ i ib%S nth. i ..„, 

" —inns were f;i mtvd the -nu. T - 

''"'• M rat th.,.,. ,,,.| , afoul it 

" :1 ,l,k - n < Naj* Holj up. 

1 ' j I Wtnal i Mu n„ 

• it,, 

r,M * tin M,ni . ,.,a | , 

1 IU '■" 'Writer* Im om e m..i, i„ , ,, , sXa \, 

h*»*d hya i« ,..,a.|,, is, ft h, Sourenn 

s'nnit m thai -a.,ti 

'"'Ml hlg inmi.rs' fight mi 1'illsl,,,,,, 

kanaw Cit) ,n.i x, M v..,k are .till ,„ 

V "--" frtlltrt -akh ha- ,„„,..! Ul 
' "in|n..ini-i thu. I.,,. 

•VnoTitgg law has h., „ decUred 

H ,-lh,.al ,„., 

,aM * ,,KI '"I" 1 "- « ,, 'l-". - to paj 

" Igea in li a-i ii |,|,. 

S "<| i i railwu} emph»y»fe^ of Ti , 
N -y-; h neeeaaarj to ,,t„ t , 

e, « hl ^J we „, -., ,-.„ ,..,,„ Ihl „. 

th. ,, anion b, theii , ,„ 

I''"""" *** www m wage^aml 

free ttmus|M.n,uioi l , 




I I n M l vl'iS '.!'.;•.. M 
a, , lt | , || 
I il ' ■ • 'I i ' 'n, i a 1 1| ,. 

■ 

la ii \ I I '. |. iS ll i i V. , j . , 

I'Vpetl I i.i' ' * * I' M, 4 

i an .1' . ug two ii a .. .ii ■ , 

i m ii k \\ n i,! m h , 

"I 

!'a ' n r • 1 1 .; i ii i' i 1 1 1 1 . ,, 

I ... 1 1 ■■',!■. 

I i il 

I H'll, 1 tl' stl "I 

IX lh'*l hi 1 i. il I ' i; in K 

s v 

tt ftli nn I I ■ iriWui • . a : n 
t. ; tiaiin,- tfir ! irntd ol j . | , ,, 
i '. O'Miii . n 'i 

Plate-. \v here v\ ,.rk is nun 

(Wfit<s to i. .. il it ii 1 nun 

■■■■■■ rddn 

' itj.i till : ,tia im,). , ... ■ 

'•. »*i 'I to <ta i * i ■■ ■:, tm • ' 

J ■'■ t' I - 

hirntiueh im. \! i . iflt • -• 

v"! i i ; : '- 1 1. . k v •■' 1 i. ., • | . 
>, ■ • i -.. 

II' . tl! IU -V] 

i <•-■:• • Min ii >: it's.., i • >. 

V' • II IIU M..' I II. - V 

' an 'li ' v " I ■ ',. ,., in v, i j. 
•' ''••> S 'i < >k1 daoii ' i :■ . ii j 

I'. :'■■(■. 
- li ' line 1 1 . . I,..- SMfit b v, t'4l \ 

Si rpul I < i b 

- i . \\ ::k. - j-,,,,. j' , ^ n ,, ,i 
G i . i ,a i, \ . On, Itlo, Col 
K i'n !■!„'„!. Ijihl I'i t .. .. in 
MlH ill Ala . > ,]' |. ( ke t'MI I I ,!: I • 
1 1 I'l-till 1 . X . ihi I ;,. , : |«, 

nl Mn higat Kingb unton, v \ s. . 

1"",. Mas- I tWTI . . Ma |.. | [»i l| 

** "hinii. i , i',.,.. l imit, |li K- • 
« 1 . Southern i >l i , 



Household wuit on Trodea i nioa 

Rules. 

■M' lai. nn. :, n: ,ai. dnu 'la. , ...i M 
1 """" life ■• iptn km/ ., \mn a 

In ail,, i a, ,|, ,,,,1 .-LitghCi • ■ 
: * ■•' [«thl < . 111 nn.. I,,, ,st,..|: v 
t hi. I/,, |.t, , stahli-hm,, I,,,,,,,, i ,«..,, i ! 

1,1 !' IU Mel I, .a th. Stfrth p .. 

V' in dm - 1 1 Miit« , iKiks hull' 
' ii unit* nn till dining ri»tm gnj 

I "' 1 *. ••"••.ni,. . I ti i ,:: • ... 

1 "ik ai , |J»hl In. ni >hitt - \\ > ■■ 
111 'II' '',.,i "in,; .nn- |,,H H'jHlN 

■I',' | mil ■ onttnuen ul n..,k until •• 

'" ''" i»fti 1 1 i. w)h n i i*n . Ulpli ■ i 

" In i. .1 la an .il,, , inn. nhi, fa ,. i 

I""' 'im, I 1 lock ,1 ni,;h' 

M s.i, , ,| ,„ ,,|| u , ,,t|,,i r ., rM1| jj, ,,, , , 

>ar\ tn k. , ], ih, s,., i,i„| ..hat a 

'''' 1 1 1 1 1'" k. adi tjjtteti ,' ' mopi u , > 
given tin in t'„ n„. • MW ,,,,„, j, n 

''■' ■ ■'" Mi - Rlainv iitatigui tttd th, 

*y*ti in, ami il . ti.. nklli^s si, lai Ii im "'n 

mil . .I iniHtn ,,ii, | s, , ,. (PI |. iii ,i a i ' 

-III I I ' X*. . 

s " i'ii ' nl I- Mr* Blaine with tin H " 
'h it -In- hah -mgge«ted t" vvi il frn tul 

thai Ih. \ ... |. ,] a ,|. sin has nh m.'.l 

"" urgntui nt i ii. i th. I., in i thai it , iii' i 

I I ■** i "i Wan a,, , .ini ih. i ighj i" 

IM ' * > '. 1 1 1 hna, ,la\ , Itt.it-.. hnM M I i ttfl 
ihollkl I.. ,. , it, || tu ,,|, ,| j |„ ,, I,, nn i 

*»id i" luvi in i ,, auggeati 'I t" faei 1,1 
l*rofe«aoi r.iim k << ,n|.|. ., ,.i Kihithurgb, 
is «|j nn, ami. \, | ,, t I,, b»uiil> 



THE CARPENTER. 



•wis, Spiny* Hopper Cuts, v 



ft 



is 



U 



, i |J| l>. T. I'"l ' 1 • 
,1,, i |i ,,»i I ! ' ' J>H-M »V ii I | 

.1 t;, •„'.. (• . i ililnl -.i 

] .! i \ 'till ]■•] ]'• r i ii' 

,i, : vi m, (Im i i ; ,t ' 'i 1 ■ i" 

1 |i . il 1< I ■ [lK t 1 . |..' II II] 

. I xllll P >1 III .-. t . v., II 1" 

-.in. : 'In wntrli .'"in 
M««rt1 on! ill i IH I I ii l> ■ i.| 
«1lll N <" ' • '" I"' 

i k i ii 1 1 'i 'i iii- . r 

It., I,i 'I Oltttl I ' -II 1 '■ II! i i . 

,11 '..'..! I HI ' • T'll l .l-l M l K 
, |] III I'll". -ill llli I'M 1 111 T 

. .. j.| ,it ilio'.l !l ill' v, !;i.I. 

i in ,;,}., i Fru ni'l l« %••!• . ruHl 
Hi 1 i'il J wtmM iiKi thi in 

■ !■ a tin! uilt.iw i*ip ilt"" ini 

■ i V ! 

• i in ! 1 1 < ii • itji .• hi i ii ; • i | Ii, 
fti IIM) 1 W>'ll • ■ • ■ I in lit' ii" "i 
i ' llthtt'i !■■■»! Nil ' • > 

. ■ 

i w Ii ii i ' ■ ' ! " 1,1 1 Elti Itltil 
a bi ; n ' Ui r« [an :iu-i 

I | -, i. |] ] I. i •■ fH 111 1. 

iniii ilvill Mtil lht« Mibici't, I 
| tin ii ' i i I ii "1 v 1 1 iiji : - ,i i I i. 

;,.i.- It, jttlv, ! - • i, hiuhWi m 

i ... , , i k i ) it- iim Jfl i in ||tli • ti( 
i ' ! i -ii-i i - »n I .' 1 1 I • In .].] .■ i 

• ii Hi tlkll ttlHtl will ' tuinnl i u 
.1 !-■ Iti I 1/ . , i iii' '. .Ml ., ti-w 

.|, »..:l> ,-. i'li h lull in . ■ ss.i: !.« 

| IIH- |..llli .tl.il . .1- I', . f In . 

i . : : in- i 'ii 1 i I |i i • ' ; h> IvXl in 

;,.n ■ ' ,..n . '.v ill 1 1 ' : • v • Mil II- 'ill 1 1 ; f' - 
Mr . Ml- il I In j-.miJ. 

i !.» ;.•••'•!« in I i:i i Ui'lU .1 •! iw I .ii j I ' 
• - i i'il tint wl.UMi i'ii I) ' I j':.. ■ at \*ln-\ 

the wi.ikuiiii Mil! i iui'.li '. i*i In Li 
ioH IH< inn-- tni ' .i i - . ui. i i |\ i' ■ 

,-..!'■ I I 1 l ' Ij.l fi 1 I , It!, ,11/ 1 .11.. 'I 

; ■ • ! will ui l||| V. 1 1 ) • I Kllrll i -''' 
.n ll.tiwn i >nl ui -,i:.'ti l! ■ .nlflcli 'i 

• ; '.i mi ui 1 ii'. 2 ! I ' tun I- ii n ' .'■ 

lib) studied In ennttrVtirjii with |1 will 

I-||1.U|£1 t he Me u - ■ >! I'l' \M 'I k u , .11 i 1 1 

.■ ir ■ 1 ■ '.. \i 1 ui. I ipfat -. in. I «iM lu lul l 
Hi .S t i ill lit 1 i l(i t tuidei tantl 'In ' ii in ' 
i| ,i 'iii. |'i. IVWi \ i, I;. .Is. il, i- ilm t||i 
l '111 i •! i'li tn< ! In -I . .1 . .liil |. .ii 1 III , ;i 

■ D I In i thing* . tin n i-'ii ' tin- 1 t|| 

thi 1 ,'t K >■>■>■ 1 1 Riddel) i!!.;.t".i il in.' 
ituphfti 'I ii iinl i lutlu il n iu ' u.'ii ,. i 

' I -tlx 1 1 lull I-. ti-.nl 1m tin- \||li 1 Ii 4)1 W'M? Vi 

rail 

I.' t i.|'i"- • il" Inn- \ . 1 1 || I .,- ,\ . 
'"• .i en i ii 1 1 , -i Inn- un wilivh it »l.lllt 
i,- Mile i it In ij.|.. i ui l.ii\ 1 1 -i • it in '. 

'i ;i« i>> tin t.i. litH i- 1 r .iini tin- 

hi|«l height .. I 11" w"i k ' • n I II ' M .It ii I li\ 

hi liiu li h iu Mn .h i^i.iiii ii mill he 
"ii ill i. tin iii i , i.ni.ii lint - "i bevel* 
>M iii- i.iiiihi- %j«h -• in in I in .1 the 

Ii -.1 .'. 

II imii;- ;;n! 'In .|i i 'i nn tr.bii h, "I 
■ mil i-. ti, ,| itmWD I" ■ ill . 11 in 

h 111,1 'I' UUtl I'l.ni "I tin ltat|>J« i III*) 

I* l-U'l tlttWII ill MWh ' - li.il'i ■ .'i-iii'l. 

Kith ih. Mill ., ni i miiiv,., h.,v m k i tin- 
1 "'i I- :jim ii in \ 
1 ll ■ T '. I N Pig, II. a* i ]..in "t tin- 

III 'I" II ■ I "It till « jiftfl "I Mill - l l|ll ll 

1,1 1 I' 1-. »llOKl ii in I ik \ J in -i .in 
iMl'rVtt t ti-1>i i t it \\ |,, it„n, ; l||, || 

'•Wtd Inn s in, in |>. |. ilnmi^li .'. ', until 
ll " ' mti-iM , t .,| i t ts ,| UneN 

r.»ki- C, I- .i rvnirr, mul «nii 
lh ' nwtilU A, .U-M-iilir ilu M mi. in'k A. 
*i -ii"l WitH Ilu WlltV nwijIU ti ni-li nnl 
I-'ik- A, ill m ill,, tli,. .u. \. II, .1- 

'hMwit. Ak-iih, wiih iii. aunt! rmtiwt, 

' 1 "" \. H, A, II, mi l-u;. II, . UtttSitt 

^"iii i in It- .it |{. an illtmu. N"«. 

"'■'w IhriMtgfi n, .,,1 n„ 1 1)- in , (urall. I 
w| Hi s. .i, , iiu,„ K ; ,| j ,,,,,1 p. S(lll , M! ,„ , 
''■ H. mi. | j, k, , M)1 | j,,,,, u ^ l)lls jjfyen 
" 'Wl X, us Hh ,iu |,„ 1. 1, , ,,i .i,|, s win. h 



' "''I" 'ii' i ' I Mn- iii-.il, »\t*>W ..I 

lli' ni.* i ' ui Mi. i iljp ni - 1 u, t ,1 . ,| 

ill' 1 ..iM, 1 ' .1 . i, ,| ]|, ; , i, yjjj ! 

-I ■'it'' ' "i :n i ni tin hupp i . .itnl i 

tin . il.*.-.. >v ,,.;., .1 ,, ., ;l„. |„ , , ] , 

^ l.'.WII ni 1 .■ \ Hi • ,,,,1,. „,„., |„ 
' i 1 1 ' i - 1 t 



K 

" V 

V % 



I I.. \. 



I! ivUl ■ in i 1 1 1 1 'I Ml 'Ii UlU "I Mn 
i nil ■ "t - ■ i . tli' 1 1 , i . 1 1 1- i i>rnp) .i' S, w ill 
In 1 1 1 \i ,:i ■ 'I' 1 - 1 , j'ln- in -t .i, ], i, n, 
ji-lii K V uli,. 1. ■: .i ■ tli I . \i ' Y. Un 
Mi i tit "ti Mi' i . . ..I Ii - ..ii Mi' i iuN 

[lit'!' !• 'I "ll lli '|I| in . ..I ii-i Till- 

r»p tlit«! "I ■ >' ' titling Mm liiiV"> hi ilu- 
it. n i- Miii • \|.l.iiti: •! ii-r ulitititiiiiK 
Mi in I-.! Mn . ULjl .nu'l. >l ii ii ni i .i- 
ilMMVU I Mn ' !' 'tli 'I lltl' . A* tile tttljlll - 
H 'l'. ili Itnttl - j i 'iiti . I i 1 1 1 • I u')tt ill' I I' ll 
t',i mil "| " i in. .ii ..ii~ui i- lurth , th.it i". 

Mli In II '■ .' ''"• !• il I., itll i ■ .1 lli-l 



In Ml Ji|ii!i1i in. like 1M;;. ,'i , refcfYCif tn 
■liuv.-, i - \ i - r >. Inn iii -i i ,s;,i \ 1 1 * tin* i ii Mi ■ 
i )in|i|ii-i- ,ilii-i Mi'- |il ni . , slew.. » 
Mn- mAiinhir) lines ' T. >. i> ctrtn 

JitH-f nllll . --Mi illMlM', hut it inn In- 

iin.Ii r ini »l Mi.ii iii Hdual ui'ik iii - 
wliUJs " ; ii "i Mn- -iii. " ;i> hi-ii- i-x- 
lilhitt*<! ".il! inii In- in-ii Nttry, ;is thi- 
iitj^h • iv ill dtiil Mm in--. •' i-s vvliftt th' 
vM.rk is ]ii,i ln^i-ther. WIh-h Lhc phui "i 
Mn- 1 i*i »l>i(i)l i? lli' mii, ill emttif Mi*' 
ini| j ■ r ii iliis CW is (ft vet), ;tni| tin 
slant ' iii hn.it imi ni Mn- sitle.'l Uni'Wii. 
Mi- ii 1 in . i imI. 'i'- '•Kt.iiln.il. l:i "i'1' i 
i-i 'i.'.nn llmntu^hU i - nU\**>atll .\illi 
Iht* i in in . | wrnihl i'U i-i tin- n nltlvi 
i. lins ii'iiii inin Iwfnrr ;nlvi->ei| by 

i i- ii u'.nl'l In- well t" hjlVv! Mn- 

■ h'HMtltjL' ill .ill- "ii r.iriH.n ml. M> lli.it " 

■ nr itijj mil ill tile Mttvf littfr*. inciililttifj 
■'.i ..j i-is wttii'}) fnrtll Mn iniliis, 

ivinji Mn- wlinl.- |ii»-,«- Urute, Tlu-li 

in il i Mi/lit ' ilts III thi Ii m i nl ill, CJMTtl? 

Ixkini, "|.)i".iti- tli. iim-- .', 3, S, 'i'. jr."i 

ikl j' ' :i"U;.'h t-i .iillllil "I thr i . 1 1 ' i 1 " '. il' t 

Umiiji in nt ujjw»nl»i wit ilu- ' in lines 
Mith-.iil ItiVAkklK. TIk-ii run Mi-- knife 
ilmtgtbt! Iim • wlii' 1 ' Indk-ati th«e»lgei 
r*i Mn- liMpper Miles. Tin- cut Btttst be 
,n nle un tli' i i"- -i'li- "t tin- drawing, 

to mimit "t Mie i-ilm-s being tuntcil 
ilowow-jnis After *ll the Cttln «re nuwle, 



r 




l-n.. It. 



- ll.. .-.n .it Pig. A . un! ' pcrivci iuihI. ) -il 
tin- v.i.rk will In- tin t- .nil 

'Hiit i- -i mtv iiiii-n - , .i.-,.. |«robIeiitj »«H 
thf working »Ut Q\ Ii :i - ngg- 1 K, h 
i.nini.i inn ttford lintli pr«>lil iiikI \*U» 
un- in Mn- yirtlnjj vM.rktu s::. UJ«M1 whulll 
: ir^i- thi ui'i-i ssiiy ni ] iiit M :j nit' ■ ,u . ml 
jir.n i u i-, etftletr with i Hfifl* »»! . •'' i 
liiiti riiil. ttiatty "I' Mn proWi m* M> tHti 
uliji i l I lnive iutrn'lui "il in Mi. 'Bu pupei 
iiu;.;> rewHtlg T»I« CAR1*HJ*THW «n«J 
i ur-.<iril> kwking "i'r Mi.- 'tiagriun will 
:n,t \Uy, t" lie ni -I rviw;, un. atlii let. puh 
: isliii| in vim: own pa|itf hium Iii n ui 
(mreftilty anil Mil ilwgranifc Mii.Ii. .1 .i -'.I 
iimisl-. .mil with inteiii l*> aw&ter alt ibe 

itvUfiU i 'itiiH-i ti-il Mn rewiMi. ll must 

iilv uv - 1,.- in. ni" in mind lltatestsn witit 
Mn- clevt-re«t uiiiiiiiv; ii , .!'" ru.nl l" 

sun-ess in itl\ i!< |i.irtlllelii is ill. i; In -i t 

with (Hfltcnltic . itnl lilt; "M ail iv Mi-'t 

- * Tti. t < is un nnil road in learning." 
Uulds .i gytwl in- l;i> as when first coine*!. 
i in* serii-s i ,t etfctrfjent article* ttotiv run- 
■:in:.> tiirougb Tin-. C Ki'i-'N'i i.K, fur* 
nishul li\ Mn- I'l-n- "I Mr. Murri- Wil 
li.inis. uw.-n ii. Mi ! '.htnis atui A. IV. 
WihkI- fniituiit itulBcienl niateriu! ol tnu- 
qualitv i" rijiii)i finj mui i"i lUe battle 
■ il life in ht« iilluiinl tii-l. I .,s ,i knight ><: 
the siw and tlte |>1 int. 

Heforc leaving tlte subject of '*8evel#, 
>|i!..»- md Hoppers," I wrvih to call the 
attention • if my readers n i Imj^s. <> and i 1 '. 

ill OTtlet Mi.it t lu-;. in. in (jet ;i el.-ar iltnli.T- 

.landing of tin- matiner of ^ettiiiK' the 
bevel* fot corner {itmtii for boppt r~. The 
tnethodt ni determining tin- pnijier bevettl 

mt| .Ul^les foC tbOSC }..i-is are set fortll .it 
. utisnler.il.il- length in tlie text aiul ilraw 
i iilt— . ami wfoat I desire tn show is that 
Mn- curnet post of a 1 pper i= exactly, iii 
miniuture, similar to the corner i*>st of a 
immt 1 iiilding having a doaltle incHnu- 

- i*>ti : ni, in nilar words, a tapered liiiild- 
lug, with the exception that a hoppet 

itsa its SHMUeat area as a liasc, while a 

i iperedtrttitding.a pyramid) ha* it-largest 
urea an a liase. 

Niiw, it nnist lie evident Miat the lines 

:.:i\itin the proper angles .un! bevel* fur 
tin- corner i«>si of a boppei must of 
ueCenttit) give the proper lines for the 
corner i"»si tor a pyramidal building, 

tttcn a-, t railway tank f rattle . or any 
similar structure. True, the position of 
the post i^ inverted, as in the boppet it- 
top falls OUtward, while in the timher 

structure the top inclines inward ; but 
this makes no difference in the theory, 
ill Mn- no. rator has to bear in mind if 

thai the hoppfcr in this ease is reversed. 

One* Mi. proper iihape of the cormf 

).n>t has been obtained, alt Other I levels 

. mi readily be found, .is the ride euts for 
joists ami 1. raves can be taken from them. 
A stuilv of these tWO ti^nres in this iliree- 

uon will lead tlie student uj> toanornct 
knowledge of tapered framing, 

1 leave the Mlbjed of Rplays ami bevels 
here, bttti I may ttdlti thai 1 have not, h\ 
ui\ me. iiis, shown all tin- ways ami 

means of finding nolutiuuii m th" prolf 
U rns preMentet), bnt I .un pereu I J the 

i xalllples I have tet lotth ale tile hest 

Mttted for the workmen of tub* eonntrj 
iieiause of their Hintplicity, uml oi the 
manner in which the) have been labl 
dnVm. l think cverj poaaihte kind 
boppei ami splay have been touchetl 

upon, and, if not, [ am sun tin- rules 

given will enable anj workman wholuui 
followed me cloeel) to deal with the iliiti 

COltV -auvesshilh . 



Cowttng t" the ohtu* angle P, -'. we 
*|mu .i in" rl. i . -"I Mn left, parallel with 
'. cuttinii al K, W shown b> dotted 

. >i|ii..;. mn al K, Cutting T, A, J, Ml 

j . .in n , V . whicll iviO give the bevel 
\V, which is Mn- angle oj cut foi face oi 
siiles. Tin iiii"'"- on edge* ne found 
by drawing a hn. parallel wttb P, 2. 



A, 

Iim 

N 



raise the si l'-s until the vomers entile 
closely together ami lei th. edge* I. ill 
level, ot in KUCfl ipOtdtion thai the inilres 

crane cjoeel j logeUusr. if the lino* have 
been drawn iccuratel) ami the cuu matlr 
.m Mn- hues in a proper manner, the 
woik will adjaat itself nicety, ami the 

Miles will have the enael IClluatioi) 



Tia ih.iiis.ui. 1 i irpenti ra have gone on 
strike in Berlin im nhorter HOUn ami mi- 
i i, ., ., ,i n kg) - fhe "trlkt .-oiniiiiitee 
daiut« Ihal Ihe orgawlration i s so Conj« 
ph te, ami (hat sin h a sum o! money is i" 

ImiuI, thai the empioyeN will he Ana 
l^lbnl t" i" mi the 'leiiumlv 



8 



THE CARPENTER. 



THE CARPENTER, 

OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF TW- 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 



PkiMisln»J Monthly on the Fifteenth n» rath month 
at 

Ltpp.ncott Building, 46 N. Twirlftfa Street, 
Ptuladelphia, Pa. 

P. J. McGUIRE. Editor and Publisher. 

Erneo-d it the l\j»i-Ottue at Philadelphia. Pa . j» 
H C B4 ttnt matter 

Subscription Mwtce -Fifty tenia a y*«i. In ad 

vante, poMpalJ. 
AdireM ail letters And munay |a 

P. J. MtCJulKe. 
Box m. Phmj.lphla, Pa. 



PHILADELPHIA, MARCH, im 



Heed this Appeal Trom Lhicajto. 



The subjoined appeal ban been endorsed 
by tin General Office and merit* the 
attention and liberal support <>( .ill nut 
Local Unions, it has been mailed tbeiu 
bj tbeCatpenten'DistrictCounciloftheV. 
H., in Chicago. Our Local Union* should 
lit- generous in their response to this 
appeal, as .1 great deal is at stake ti.r 
Qrgnmaed labor in this struggle, 

Chicago, March lo, woo. 

7b tin' Officers and Sternberg <>/ t.otal 
f 'nions of ( 'ni/ed Brotherhood ot < ar- 
ptniers and Joiners <>/ Amet tea : 

OjlKKTlKC : 

On February <rd our members were 

notified on then jiitis, In members of the 
CoMtractora' Association, that un)e*M the) 
were willing to comply with certain rules 
laid down t>y them (which was in strict 
violation of an agreement signed ssitii 

us until April I, loon, their services 
would be no longer required. < >u. of 
these rules is io deprive us of our Satur- 
day half-holiday . which we have attained 
after several years of hard fighting, and 

consistent agitation, and for which we 
receive uo compensation, 1 mi the refusal 
of our men to work on Saturday after- 
noon, they were paid o/f 4 and told thai 
their services were no longer required, 
and tbey have been compelled in remain 

it tie ever since. 

The Contractors' Assoc utt ion, acting in 
conjunction with the Association of Arcbi- 
tects and tlie Real lisiat ,• Hoard, have 
succeed in (stopping the issuing of nearly 
all permit* tor new buiklinga, therebj 
crippling the industry almost entirely, 
tad forcing a huge majority of our nu m 

hers on the street. After exhausting ,,ur 
treasuries in an endeavor lo make i 
settlement, and being so far UBsUCCeaa- 

ful, an<l believing that yon recogniitc ihe 

harti task we hive on bam] in enforcing 
our Union conditions, we earnestly appeal 
to you for your financial as well as moral 

assistance, in this, our hour of need, uv 
also desire to correct ilie statement as 
published in Ti 1 it CAapjutTxa regarding 
the financial condition of our members 
and our unions. The fuel is the mriona 
have I ml very little money, and most of 
Ottr members arc hrokc. We have been 
so liberal with our motley in the past 
(aiding outside trade movements) , thai 
now we are in trouble, we lint] ourselves 
compelled, for the first time in our his- 
tory, to ask for outside aid to enable us 
to win a fight, Ihe success of which will 
act as a forerunner in all trade movements 
coming up during the present year. 



Hoping in w c< I've .111 carls and 1 ivo'i 1! t< 
tepU . we remain, 

1'i.itci lulls SI"!'-. 

1 1 1 i, 11 ii iki U \ 

Pti j*m \s si m i 

U 1 , . Ss 1 1 s k I ■ r , 

r lis ins, 

f, II. STKV4 vs. 
1 . 1 '• . I ii , l • I \ , 
r 1 ,.,'//.', 1 ( u >>.','/!• 

PS I % 1 -c make .ill in, mi 1 - 1 1 ihle 

lo Thomas Wale. Secretary Treasure*, 
Room T, is', p;.i-t vVtishington Sttcet. 
Chicago, 111./ 

PiHTuKivi. N"TI. Tin tiiitiim in 
above citctd.it mailt lo 1I1. ktatvtUeul 
publish. .1 in lord mo mil - 1 \ki i \ 1 1 k ! 
erroneous, So mention ot the financial 
colli lit ton ol oui Chicago union- ss 
made in 1l1.1t st.ii, mi nt .is will be » i n on 
fttrttlci pi.us.ii Mention h.i- simply 
iiii.li that individual members hud \m 
p,it i ' 1 financial!) f»a litis In up 'i'but 
si iieuiviii enmv i" us in .1 in h» dipping 
■int us |,\ ot the Chicago I Ms 

trict Council. There is littli Um how, 
however, im dispute on that score Thi 
Chicago men need help, are worthy •■! Il 

and should have it. 

*MS 

Sonnet to March. 



Ah Usti h 1 uh.it in. snnti ti 1 1] lifer (,i fcfiuw 

H»at i In. a i it . • .til .,ii,i bliKti Tom ahdUMal lar" 
There seems to hi Dfiktmll} ititxtalti In ther 
The ilisiii.il mil. i- iliH) i; t't- ichwlllhlun 

III, I kfejl Mil l.|..« nil! until tin. 11 -ll.ilt t;.. 
Tll.lt M' -,\r, I \J,I il , »T,|||t,| j I |. , MIK -.1 

ASmI It'.tn tll>' COW uii],ti is.mt triirtl* ta ffre 

While iiiii no ■ » ti.iu, r« n Ik gin ut p i»t» 
1'ltiMi :ni .a nil ti i month' iIh nn -t iinViuJ 
And )ii..<-«t ii- |r h t,fij|Vl| ; !. , ,nt tiny* 

N" 1 me im nnythitiM > < t nin - tin, piuisr 
Man u ii. mil seen thi utitj ti *ht u< mioH 

| .,i Until d< Mi turtle* 111 1 1, 1 1 m, > I., until * ton) 
Hc-ti n ii.. n, tOtM ;ill ,.t (hi ,wi> 

1/(1 j r fA • i I If t I '" 



Lx;imples for kef lee Hon. 



11^ * \M I,. IIIIIMAII I.I. 







HH "i tin nio ' notable uml 
i.nK -t .a li i tortaus w i 
Kiiward i r ibts>u, who fltsl 
upja*«rt d u|am ibe *url n ■ 
■ •ill' in the eighteenth 
cent in v ; in be unnv . \.i,t, : >; . II h ■■ 
horn Hi I'lilin | . Knglntid, nid du d n! 
I. I"ii i ti I Til. 

His essays ai I Iristurlcal writings aer« 
numetvms, < Ktending ou r a largt »mi >■ 
of lime, exhilnting txnli in Knglisli sn i 
French, much industry m , , — > ii mu! i 
versatility "i thought and expression 
weltkwi tliaplayed Uy othel conteraptmin 
writers, liiiii^ui^ him .nuiosi constantly 
Into contruveraial couteutiou with tin 
brightest tnfods, theological and secular, 
ol his day, 

Mis greatest ww L i\..s tin ■• j », , | m , 
and pall of tin Human Rmpire," and li 

is with name ni tin sentiments therein 
expressed that ii is desired herein u« 
ti lei , as sulijci t ot ihoughl for reflection 
in the preseni attitude ol out nwn wn 
ditiou. 

He places the number ..l subjects who 
acfcnoMrledged Ihe luwsol Rome, m the 
year 50 \. D., inclmting t^lixcns, pro 

vilicials and sla\,s ,,i l.'i 1,000,1 khi, ilM ,| 

succinctly follows througlwMtl tin- sm . 
eeediu^ centuries the causes and events 
whii h laonghtaboul thedti a\ amldeCtiitc 

of tin empire, to the lime of the middle 

of the eighteenth century, which was as 

far as lime and . vents would admit ol al 

his disposal. 

In this he liegins with the attfuj 

policy of ih,. Caasara, who maintained the 

name and intake of a free Republic; the 
disorders of mililarv ileapotiamj the rise, 
eslaldishineMtaiidsectsoi'Cllristiamlyitht' 



, 1 1 1 1 .1 , 

letttporal 



rVmndutiofi >■> CnuM lillitK*i"l' • ;l " dtvtr.i"ti 

,! 1 In . im isi.'ii .old M IlK 

1,1 ,,1 ill, I. 11 'hi Litis "I ' " mil il'' Hid 

Si villi*; the tuMbtttuiti pi civil I ^ ■ ih' 

(Hjl 11 ii. ■!,.!) ,•! Midi until' d the 

re»{4»ti 1 "i 'I" ''"I" 1,11 
n, , , , .' ih. \\ 1 1. "i 1 wjiin ■■' 4 ii-" 1, 

.on , tin inn' :!i,. r.M'1. I tiipio 

1 1 1, ^\ iti nid 1 1 v 1 .! 11 • ii in » nt Koirti ni ' In 
midiili i~" - 

Wlfcll I "Ml' 1 ■ '•' in 1 in • •■' 1 ' '"' 
Ih |1 li Ul I'M- lb - H"'. ' 'd' I Ifiim " ! 
till flUUlhll • I .IM.'M.' lift 'I' >s-> - 1" 

trvi 1 plus i»t di . li iii i'ii 1 111 ' d l 'V t tildam, 

I, », II 1 dl Ilintta 1 in-, ih. 1 1, ' . inn.'! 
h 1 niiet ili ,1 th it t"ii < h v ' ser< i-i d it 
1 u!i , ,\ 1 i wi tie *> - lUlUht "\ 1 ' Mglll 

from tin i utii M 1 ' lw *m ol wUt< 'i 

W hui« uu\ rvtswpd In itlt urad.itfoh* ol 
in, i^un un ni h\ which wi mat Iran ih. 
i ill iiiftj di i litaa "i ii iliinis tin 6ml lln 
jiuiii i i >i tiii^ht crushing uui with 1 1 '■■ ttl 
lc-s cftielty lit ' fforts "i tin Weak, not 

■ nil v m the i iijiiitui ii, *'i i In trivial lila'tl} 
t" i*>utintt<ii nclits. fnt1 eVen : 1 1 . deprive 
tin ni i ■: lift itself, I ii tin ••■ p (ration 
.un i iliviMoil ol peoples nhiili mini mit 
• . t lid* ilisrUlijioU ol a gte.it empire, mottle 
tes, till il in, i oi claim to ^u]* rioriti "t ruli 
was weivsw) i' • i lii great un sot igiioi 
.hiii in Ih? brought undet subjectvu, 
Tin n'He im-: powerful and sticreWul id 
these was tin cl.om ■•! "divine right/ 
!Tht ft i- n 1 itts logy . i xpLitiaiioii >n i»v1 

■ litiii i- (ti ih, truth ot justice "i the 
fall ti \ :t « i -i t up .md still imiiutaitu d 
by i'i"!'--: un md Catholic diki ; hi i loth 
Uid i i i ' ' i 1 i In Tut k md ILii'l"", lo 
U 1 1 --i.il i iinl >;.o; by Swedt ami N"i 
WCgUin, It i- not ■ -ni i I nun d i- ■•! ibe 
- inn i ■ "1 tail i- tu Id ni. I m un: on, i) 
undi i in ni'. forms sw| fe ithn • '• it . 
Usui 'pei - it*sum< io n ite mst> m mi 

llll di lt> ' "IIM IILI fit l 1"! Ill' .1 "All ]. II 

ii'iilit piii>i-i km' Ptupeo.r, Sultan 
"t Monari It, it i di ih< >.iuii . .'■. ] un |i ' 
.iti'. mil "t thi iMiiiiitn.il- luiilej abh'b i' 
< stists, e\i ii tin ■■ d,i on i ighl p.. .'. 

■I"' - Uia s< , III to |„ ^Ulftl .. lit |..| It !!l 

It II ITI. e. ,, dhi 'HI III ah "hlti < \. I ; i .,! 

' tut. i . ' ins... i ii|h,ii ihe strong irni ol i 

IMllit il ^ ' .mill.-. Ill II h e p.is*. | tlHii ich 
the . en .un "' ::- e a.il.hslnii, :i- I tin 

i laim "i I lit*, ttnd >' i- "i this f, ii m> 

in wbii h it i- th ii ,| tu i;iM thi \ n n or 
I'.tlilion, I,. an n ,i, ,| .md i d'i. ili •! i, i I. t 
mouirrchial jn im, t^ s.r • « idilmn 

" I M tlie varmUs tottn- ,.| 'j,.M i inn. ni 
ahi< h li i\, pri vaileil in the world, an 

hets'dtUn i lUoiHin h i -> em- tu j t,i 

iln i m i -i », i .p, t. ,1 ridicule, | -. ii wn 
silih lon lit. untn. iii au ludiguarii »mib 
i 'i ■ i "ii ■• i 1 1 In t - i li . i t - 1 i In property ol 
a " ittott, like that "i tt drov ■! " i,. 

di 1 ' lid lo Ills id; ,ni -,,|| , . , t iiiil.iiown 

i" mankind and in him« if; md. tin 

b| est w.uttot md Lire WtseM statesmen 
t ■ h > n I in di i ti " tin H rutural righi m 

etUfdri aj.pf.e Ii Iln ti.v.il , i ,.||, ,\,t!, 

'id. d kin. - am) |„ i ,,, lm „a 

ahh Jidelil; t " 

RUI i l ell I ill, ho II i\. |^ l|i,l , 1, ,,, p ,,, 

■ e.oi nt .i in, ii, i M ] stiffnvgi in th. . i. , 

I I • ruler, if. dit d in II M, i nP, 

i" have wiin. i ed the devehmmi ul and 
demonstration "i a people Mtiu ih hi 
kfovem Un tnsvlves; md Is -id. *\u had not 
clearl) ml himseti of his earlici mini 
tioii as to .. certain qualtt) to i„ ,,o>m ^,.,| 
h) a ruling power, still he w , . on, i . 
in oneot hisestinutteHof duugi . threaten 

inn in the exen is. of franchise, MU i] \\ |s 
I" this pain, ul.u pli.is,- ,,| hi* , x|Ues nm 

particular attention is . ailed to the lahot 

'"" itWH * 'be lot. e ,,| !)„. mtlltWl \ 
p"Wi |. ||, M yn ; 

" In the cool sli.,,1,. , jt ,, ,,,, Wi . 

mas east)) ik; vise imaginary forms ot 
government In which the sceptre -hall 
i" .oiistaniK beatower] on the nu*a 

worths Im the free ,,„. )))( 

suffrage ul th. whole cimtmuflity. 

t'xper.eucc overl.l.us these alts fabi le-, 



" 1. 1 
He, , 
' ,.. ■ 

-11 

' "t! 
un nt. 



I 'in 111 



lh.ll 



Hid !. a. hi - Us lli.it m , 
ill. i ti i t n Hi . a .. in, ni i, , || 

■ li \ < di i t.< iln in i t , ,i i 

until, tou j. ii : i a ih. |„ , ,|,|, 

i tin nil's noli i ot in, ;i 

lllllti d t ■ r HI till • mi 

md | .. ■ m iflll I'tunlgh I.. , , 

' 1 in 

IIIM'tl Ih ri 1 'I tin I, 11,., ,,.,„, 

'HI 

'In ti nip. ' id 'In .,,1, 1 1, , 1, 1 1 

■ ,in i lo Vloli .to ii,, I lo. i , . 

unlit |jn ltd I i U ■ , l .,, , 

. . ni- : ii ut n i| p; i 1 . tu, i 

■ il w i^lntn .li qlf.d i" 'I.. 

• n ' j 1 1 ' ' |l ' • I w i 1 1 ■ in thl'UlM I\' 
lit tin I U 1 il • .1 1 n I \ ili it 

• -I i ' tu i'ii I Itltt'I.ilil , ,i 1 1 1 . ||| 
-atli id . hut tin in ! I fl th, i 

i ail n Im I '. .1 tti ih. must , . i 
ami i'.i I hi. i i an "id 1 i m it n 

ih. ] ■* IV.I --' 'T "I llli I 1 1] , «T i , 1 

thin "t . d ii iu.' i '.i d 

Thi hi it. i d's s |1<«I ,i o,t i, . 
<* !. :'! i -hi il n tin 1 'lint. • 
in 'le [>re*vtll sshii h prmbii i 
alarm. And set thi pos*d,jii] . . . ,\ u 
fnti.ri k*i in out tld, iud il„ T , ... t i , 
barm 1 1 nnv bom ui i -t • . . , . j . , - ■ , (ri 

i- --"i'ii 'tin. - iji lii .ti |1ui|t| , ..i, , r . 

I pt.n td ill- ilssi | , ... (( 

powUldlltti - I'.ttli- i 1 1 -|,ail . | ,n 
p i"!l V Is in iiil \ mi' | i, ,, 

that tli> StOtllgi •• tmtll iii ;!,. 

l.t is nft< it nn-t ihen t"i 1 '• ... 
with s1 mfli hi i ni' t, ... h, | i . |, ,, 
opmton, 

K-:t II 111. t. I- in • lliile.' M, il th. • . | 
Ittg til i^-. - ,.| OUI p . pi. I. . . 
-hoiild be I., tlntil -,]., 
pteaatultties *li it m n i-. iroiu ; . . ■.' 
md pi"-.',.. ■ t , ..I. lit: ni- | !,. - . 
, i-: K mof • ". r s ,l i-m i n 1 1.. : 

working p. •>;■'■■ '»t ••• .i ih m ..j >■ , 

I dl ■ id. Igo I In .. . m ." • 

on nh nt- •• i mmg mnn 'I... . I I • 
i "UOtb'Rltltiti it« in.) », . • |.||\ .>:t, 
'."' •.li.' to j mi]' tt i rod llrstoi I' 
IS IUM ol i p:i :' ,.; iii., ; , ... . . . 

Uiiim thai lb- (n hi n In uMm<\ \i i ■■■■ 
iiupl..!. d (<• thbd • ii in rtl hi i n 
oi ssl, .! thi . di" ih) il • ha dn is, ■ iti 
t If m-> ii ■ - .in 1 ih. Mho ,!. ... 



irni 



'h> m .': . not i si it hum d b» 

'h tt th. t. t- a notion .a imp) , . : . 

' I' 1 loth, ' l .,|. ' ion i'i: ! . i . 1 1 1 III I i 

'■s das in mi, ||Vg, i,, , , n > . I . Illjgbl 

II I" . olih s ., ti, n .hit | to . | ' ! . 

II ' tl i\, I II. ,11 In |,| | j.J, . HI , | 

i i ni- ]|< hoOVI I ' i I li 1 1 ] . ,• 
iii the lieu, m- oi. ui . too ...I, 
•siMi in ■-, . i i, . ptiig vigjl ,:i. , . i . 

-'and lo lii, present | 

I., loii^ni;' s..i hi , partistii 1 ii 
hi ni ' ' Miuanti d p"ii*. .1 . i ii 

-ho.il.l ■ iittjj ,, . ,,,, 



. •. . ui 1 1 .i i u . : 



ngi i 



l- linn.' I,. .|.). , nid t,. ;. 

"' IJ P" -'I'I' it in th. . .. 

dttioui . hittif>tiu ss i . ni i 

li Un t i. uupri nm th a . li 

Il idow ..| ,i i, H..IH, , u, j),, ,|, ,, 
s i it' I mora l li iii on. lh< lit! Hi 

»pirit md i ml, ni tmdi - aaum 

stt i m I.. lu)i oi in, i ha ih< 

id ' "innion humauit; than iti 

'loeti mi-, tin ol oi i-tii i on, i ■ 

mind "t mm 

las»l< into thing as tin i aad 
lothiwing re nlt», weigh in II ' i ,!l 
p ii i-oti, stmlj p • ibtirth :i ' 

proiiwhilttic*; t«f true toyiriiroan ml '■ 
ami th..-. ivhn mas In affected 1 " ;l 

" 1 ■ " Ai l 's.-ll sum p.iit, In n ill 

tin honot In 



•In 
iln 

i. t,i 
■ 

lie 



K i m.i.v ss. :,t, not retm ' ' 1 1 ilbel) 

i '»vi rtMsl hi. I th. majority, d I rule 

Representative legislation -md . *i rn 
ineat are a fiction, as (araaoui iwti'iwfe 

"inn rued, 'Idle majoilts ol .nil ' "i" »*< 

not i n from two thirds at pri ■ '" 
virtuallv disfranchised, and w on uodei 
tin govi'Ttiment of mhnaities ii" «w 
Jority is without p" ss i i io , n. i I Ii i id' 
tion. fterrott. 



THE CARPENTER. 



9 



General Officers 

of the 

(Jnitcd Brotherhood of Car 
penters and Joiners 
oi America. 

» -» - 

(jrFiCI Of GENE HAL SECRETARY 

11 BuM lUq,. 4'' N. I twelfth. Street, 
khiMtJeiphta. I' i 



* Ml \ii H ■ Wawlt Si . ^ mtu**, n s, 
., . , INI P I ' H - > - i PMMtf^Mii IN 

F mSt VIM fRISIDCNT. 

v i i v.i uai Ik i- . w P h Si . ' Mc*n • hi 

TCONd »ICI-^RtSlt)(NI 

A . tst | k">MIV | i It} Vl*W ^irfiur 

A If, Ali>t 

fjENEKJtl. FXtCUTIVE BOAHD 

• i |.,r tl.» ill I! mot I .■ n uli j 
I tr i in-i.ir.it St ritjr. llfJM.ru 

. ", | M l*M.iirl]jfl.»!r,iir,S,»l fl 
Mil Ilk X ti V Tj»l • ' i« r | M. 

» . . M I I kMl 1 1 , i . , W v ii, . Mj |>, 

PI D i W M / J4- I'ulium |H . H*Mf > i J i .in 
A \Ml HAM'S M MllU «... AlUi.u. Ii* 



llu Initiative rtnd ^ . t , r t n , ; u r , i 



" |< '• n.h.tn I !>' |! i ' "ii-m,. 

;. .. . lfj|l ill -I.' 1 I I O. ,i 111 llli 

till ■■ill.'. 'iii. (■ i (he ml" 1 1 -I 

iji j<titt y • ■' ' I w ',•'"] ib 
; ■ . . .-ii itunL 1 i lass j i- • I h* tin 
lint! i laid, h- i in HUMI'I I'hl i ' 

i nn . is i thin .i 1' i i ii | tuti - u"i in - 

|UII I" I j" I .'.'"ll (A .111' lll.il till 1 IW 

'■ : • , I to it,. )•• i 'I'll' II' Unftl I'H 
i Ii I tli In ' || ;.,:i I'lioii.' In- It l'.'.w 
• 1 Hilt 1 1 i ■ . M ill) IIUMlIt! r "1 V ! m 

i . >tn t .s. inli ii!. x ii.. ii ntum 

ll ,..-'"!,! -. III I" tin l-'ll- 'I til' 

I ltd till ii. ij. •! M . . .! \ . .1. i 
'I ill iii - .M I ii < « Hi ' 
. i i |. t • i !• 1 1 1 ] 1 1 | 'I ■ III ■ I - T 1 . « i It I. i TI 

Ruin I A 1 iw- win. Ii tin \> \i\A itlWi 

••• hi i" • niii 1, I' .i wli.i? <- i • ' ''i I"!" 

' ith j . -.j Ii ia kli i I iv. nihil ii On '•■ :"■ 

' iji pin. u> r Tin- 'Klhi "li 

In I ll' 

1 1" null 1 1 1 * i . I In i- a i ..ii-i it HI i"ii il 

|aovi<niui i ii ii >inii' tin <iii/iii-. i'> "Mi'i 

ll ': IW« V\ 1 1 1 1 ll lln .|. Sill 

I: ill . i. iii w.iiit- i Mi w law, he "it- ll 
ll ifti I .ll iss - ll). i |n 'Hi. .il .rkitiv lor 
lUl 1 US ill. I .It. ill ill - ll llll' ill;' Ill- li 1 

Itm • in, i ii- ii i . . it mi nuin'M ' ill* 

i ■ I Ml lllli. .it!, \ lln it n mi. 

it , iii. |m litioti ■■ ui t" t!" I' v-i > 

10ft;, villivh i itiiiiil rl.t I hi | tii|«>-i >l 
I . i '..ii i- • ii.li ... .I 1 1 . i ni| ilii . | iii n. ii 
: I . n.ii (fin m ti. lit* i»>!l- u 'li' in s< 
1 li • (ton, i In . Um< ti' lln H vt* •■ - "' 

IUl, l-ltllln ll ll ti 1 1| I Ll III ll."\. i|i illl.i'l. 

l it' nut t it i\ i t . . it . iji. t! i,-. ui I ■ .t • i 'r.' 
'In !• |m i it I. 1. 1 I is\ will, li I. nl« '1 1" Iw 

'"|.|» il |») Ihi i' III. Illl win 'i !,: I 

mm t«il, 

ll H 1.1. si iu.ihvr ss-ltf nl : "\. ill- 
l'i' nt i -taMish, ,| 1. . tin foutwh t • il tin-' 
l<i|,uli|ii w.i- ,i ^ihhI linn., in it .l.i > iii. I 
,! " ' .UK '..i iii iM.s 'Mr .ii iii. linn Id 
'"" lln i in i m I i. tn hi <i| Mi- iiii, i li i tt n il} 
'■"I .i wi 11 <|, . , !,,]„ ,| jM.st tifticc ii w.nl.l 
w»w Ihi n itnj.iisviiii, I,, c«iuv«) iitf«»rttw- 
ii.iii ii, tl„. |„., t |,|,. i|s (| U ,,!Jv nni| i mil 

pli t' i> .is itirci i it :'i-l.iiiiiii it unlit •.. 
Noi was iiu-n- iiu |i.n< ni n. .il <ii 

i kgijihtfeiH. 'I'ln li fpHl ii "i 1i "l 
inhII uiniivi' fur i!inttutK*Kt\ l.t i .ni-i 
»tnlth wa- \ 1 1 \ rvfutj ilui'lt .l. Tht'} 
*' " ■ ■ ' iil\ lln NinMrtvtt mi ii "i 'in ii 

"-I'l'illM ilisliiils. .iml (I MWi pktllUltl) 

•"i' 1 " '1 Ui. it ,i -m ill but) "i miati in. ii 
«""l'l Mkv bettei Iswm tlwn Hi. umlti 



*' I'm.;' .i- llh -hi. ill bvV) ,,| „, uu ., 

li-i'.' 1 tin inli tt -l- n.ir, |, , th,,., ,,. 

1,11 |""1'l- tlii- in | 1,. Irtie Km wl„ iii 
tlit it in n n*i . .ii. .||t(. t i in hi u«rj -1i."a- 
, ' 1 '" "1" W 'H ...t i,i, r»u ilivir.itkii 
'' ■"• i »illi H«JM f .■ inj t.. ti,. Han 
' .i i In n , .iii-t n i), ui 

Till trili,, rjj Hi, ).', j.iiLhi HtfvCf 
••'iii. •! tli it ll,. tun, mnilil , . i ) | , . 1 1 

H" ' ']•"! •.•I'nali nl IHVfUiBIMii ill* 

' "in, lis ui,n1,| I )](, .ti,,j,|,.,| ,. j,}, , ,„. 

\wa itn.ti w i. \.\r.v.- lln- Kmibl iwrt ..t 
II* ■ "uu \ - w. t It li /ihi) In ii, , .,\A, t,, 
I 1 1 "l 1 '■' .■: ! lti»rtl t'. in . . \t. in .ni,| tun 
'1" :-'"Si nun, nl in th. ti ti mti n -t- in 
'l'i< ' I \ i"' ii mi tli nil. i. -t- i.t tin 

M I ■ in. . I tin- in w -t-iti ..[ tlniiL" h»S 
1 1 1 < ii i li' . I i ..l JHmift -i.iii.il potUifitUPI 
iVllit , "!i^i,|i i tin n j.iivmi -.. tUUrll Jill 

■■ iti |.i,.|„ it l,, i.. |,,| u) M t it jy 

W'.tt'i I iiii .it. fffty . i nun m- nr*i mi 

MUM' '! t', ll. lln T1|.,-l . "Mll].t ill till 

.s "i i ! in, I "iii ii -i- i ii'.i in ■ 1 'ii-t.itiil ■ 
ii-|.. i i.-.l "t tdktnv !.ii!« 'jfuii ,i i.iw 

111 t Iii nit. 1 1 -i . .1 lln i it i ij,)i- >ln ml. I 1.1 
kilM in tin M ii.it. js i. iV.i t! .i- n iii.iin-i 

"t . OlIlM . 

1 1 1 - I. h i i oil' lit i,,n bitxrui i t Hint', nt 
..ii. ...I .'ii inirii til ltr< iu>«lit n-. .i 

■ ItlUMi win. Ii \a\vy - .i lilu-li 1. 1 ilif 

' In • V - "t tliii-i wli'. lii-liiM- ill yim-rii- 
IN. nt I lli, ;,i..]ili , .ih.l .i sin ii tn lilt' 
lt|>- "t tin n '.;i|N,tii 'it-. 

Hilt itt th 1 n i lit. i .t ^tnrttl lin.ilh 

' ' 'I.I' - ' . ' l 1. V > I • >1> Ill'.i I lilt ji< Hit ll- 
lil. Ill U ill -till. , I IU Hi* i ll'l tn sup. X-i <]■ 

ill ulli't , |li in. „ tn I" ins with lln- 
i.i ' ipl'i n. ui. !■ "I th' hum tn i.n i- in ifjj 
-i.i'.'f ttt',1 tli. I. lli'.tijli ..tttti.1itiV.il) 
1 , i. t:i]...i,ii> i _'i.'tt j'.,: ii m •>) |'.iW'i in 
tin !mii.|- .>t iti l.M.lu ti-, i-t.itAUrtit); ri - 

i>-i • i - itscH, vi • .u uiL' -It . iii^t-t with i-tit\ 
l.i t i. h i\t "in t ,n i< t • niii. I'm 
ith j i , utiipli it Is L.t, V. nit,, tin h.ittil- 
(•1 th. "1.1. iinl wi -ll.iil IliiV* in i.lf.il 
Hi I'lttlltl -, , ItlitlitH ""t . .Ij' ll'l' "t ttll tlltT 

IHI] .!"> . ui' nl 

In Switwrhitnl .ln> . I ItfuvdaiiuM has 
| , . i, in ii-, t.,1 J} \t.iis .mil slmwh 
■ -. : j i. , 1 , a 1, ,', |, 1 1. t -j,t, audi ui tilt Ni w 
|-|;'lll|.| U»Wtl tin ' t' III.' "Tilt* Wlsl-sl 

him nti..n . ,• i ifc \i-. .1 I" tin wn "1 HUM) 
■ 'in j. ii.,t i m it isf nt -tit |j«rt'*rii- 

till lit Itl l It- |.|l -l l\ llll.ll. 

I In I. w'i-1 ituii . ilhtti m\ "i I'L-iiiK ;i 
, ,-, . 1 1 ,. 1, . now il, lii«)<Unx in it - 1m il I- th.' 

Inlllllli'o .III' I ll ll.].llll— "t llll ("ilj.ll t.l 

h, , 1 1 ;.. >-.i . I •>! ,ii t ..t.llllL.' I" It- Will, II 
|,.[il,i,l I., .i initi ,i'1\|m.| . . iitlllllllttr 
itli„.i l,ii-iniss it Is tn .h.iw ii|i .itnl 
,|i-t n-- -in h hw- i- liti s i"tisi,|t i l.i'tii'- 
ti, t.il. l.nl win. Ii.im- in. ii^ht t.. t u ti t 

Uli in ■ *i ' \A «1i> ii "' l ' "' 

j„ ,,|.|, in m,l , 1 1 1 1 1 1 u tin llli nil. imIumi 

vim ' ■ .n-i nl . 

Kii.,.s inv th.it lln- |>t ..'-li will, it tin s 
, li. „,.. -ii in ji, U'lin nl l.s tn. .in "I ihr 
li I, ii ii'lntti UtiCHI tli< I.iw- tht s t ti n I ,ill<l 
thit il tln.'iH'h iviii.t.ini f i li.i.l liw is 
1 1 1< .wi .1 t" ll i- • ll » i'I i .Ills 1 ,1 i > 1 1. ill " I 

I, , in. .in- ..I th. null, i Us. , tin lt-v.i-l.ili. i -■ 
n.itiii ills l.i , i«UI< lift l« wl) ll'MM -I M I 

\ nil- >.i tin (imihk'i .('-> n— iiil; .ill.nt- 

uith Hu "ll hji . ! tlwtl tin- ].. • . J .1 1 ■ " — 

y . ,t m I . 

I." I it j ii ill l - i|u ll" I l.l'hi- ill. Ill, t.'l 

11 U"lll.|l.t ll-ill— . Till 11 Is 111. "llli. hs ." 

H, n ,,n,[ 1..,—.- .in unknown. Tin- 
|,i.,i,--ii.n i.t |mlitiCH is .is ili^iiiiinl us 

"til. I |.|..tl ssl.ill-. 

Intriiw II s i .11- ii.'in i-. iin i-^'U uiiK 

It .lt tal I.iw- ..ill nl ! -i I wi n rll.illi'liKf.l 
lij tin ititii'ii.liiin in >w il/i i l.in.l. 

in ihi- . ..iin" ) < " li ftarts itm i Unttn 

|ilitt.ntti tnitl. lining UtaitJ issiH-s \\t- 

II. lM t.l Sl|],|i.ilt till .1-1111- whl.1l Hf llll 

ni,i i|,].n.s« fui ih' «aki "i "ih. i BMsmrtirt - 

whi.h w.' vs.inl. In Swil/iil.in.l nth 
bMU' i-- iliii'l*'.! M|..t..tfl> <.n it-- ..wn 
iiitiil-. 

i h i.iw is «ut>purU'<l l.s i known 
ni.ij.niis ot 'hi peopk MkI lifinf «;in 
.iiw.iss i.t- iiiioi.nl. in tin-' QoMntrj no 



PERFECT 



ALWAYS 

Black Diamond Files and Rasp 



TWELVE 



MEDALS 
AWARDED 




AT INTER- 



NATIONAL 
EXPOSITIONS 



FOR SALE EVERYWHERE 

Q. & H. BARNETT COMPANY 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



Tools {or Woodworkers 



I /Vj cFadden C ompany 
73a Arch Street Philadelphia 



We carry a full Sine of 
first-class tools, of the 
standard makes, at fair 
prices. 




nnv knows what law- have tile upptov*! 
.-t iln -tn.ij.irit s . 1 n. h i direct lfcgl*latUw 
I i"l. -nt n iortiii i- t'sn .In liltlt tni-t hii t. 
Tin \ s,H,ii liii'l ..ui how nuns sitjijioii 
lln in. ami ll tilt s an- in a lliiiiotils t oti- 

ii ni th. in-. Kc- with « j nil ii > eitucatin^ 

lilt ii ..], j oin nt- Direct It ^l-lalion is 

thus both u toiniatis. iiihI ciMiwrvative 
refortnative >.i all thai is Lail. foiisi'i- 

vali\t ..I all that l- v I 

The Swi— till ihiiti-tlst- Iftlt) a 
«o\i i. iv.ii luoplt ; iml likt- Aiiii-rii aii-., 
ssh". having ili .u.l tlieir ile^potafoi u 
vim it ti mi, -titak lioitit .in.) -nhiiiit, like 
thf -1 ni - th it tht > are, tn In- rotilawl «»l 

tin ti t st lt ttli l.s llli- " n jilt st nlatisis " 

. ij,]M.-.. ••! ... lie guarding their itttrr-'-t-. 

,\ ^ssi— who w nits a RVW law t Mil lUtVf 
it Ihoioiivhls ilist iis-.t il bj tin- wholr 

nation '.s -init'ls h . itrittg u fail niinotHj 

tn lis |.i\o[ . An Ann i ii .in i iti/i-n whu 

w.mis i in w law can petition hn|e**l, 
Iml ihi li vi-laioi -, . sin u ihr |n lititai 
t out. on UniiiMiitKli "t tiaiiit - in.i\ .iitt ii.l 

t,i it oi not, .. llll s I'lfasf, II tilt s 

.1, ivn in pin tin- bill .. thf h.unls oi a 
■ "inntiiti t . iln committee, under Ihr 
influence of ii*r|nimtioiw mas rv]nrr\ mi- 

lasoiahls loi si. it- in lit, favl" (it ih'' 

|,i.uiiist trgunu'iita, tun nt ManrndtUMrUii 

in lln- ta-f ol tht lass allowing litit- lo 

in.iiiiii'.it iiiii' ih. it ..wn Then, even 
ii the law i- nnallj |M£*ed bj iln leifi*" 
hit ui i- , u mas i.t- (uaiendtid w a-. t<> be 

.lllll.lsl ItSlU'SS til till' jHOj.1l. 

With lln- rraliis i.i jmiwi r comoi the 
levllng "i redjawiailiiltyi The natloa 
i.tioitn- one great purliantvut. Kacb 
i-ili/i it win. tv|,tti- to vote mi a m w 
men Ml re gives ft in- kcenenl Bttentiori 
.nt, I tlttu grown m mi' ilh ' t. Ktabj^bl > ni 
chai ntrr ami piih in- apirtt. in tlii>. 
1 1 ni nt i \ tlie ilifliculty, almost lioprleNHneHx 
oi carrying rnftwui law* ngatUHt the in- 
tnt sts ni' thf great corporation* and the 
politii ian« l*iirlftt<>diaL , uttragS! tin- citixeus 
1 1 , .in uutittg an active intercut in public 



iii.ur- htm! keeps tbeirt in tin- mental 
stati- ol children, 

1 1 is tin.- L'lors of uiir people thai iln- > 
Intve t -t.ii.ii-hf'l a stapu- ileuiocrac) omt 
a with- extent of territory cohttar) to 
tin- i-\]it-fi,uioiis nf tin- supporters ot 
niuuarchy, who predict* 1 it-, speetly 
dowufall, teeing thai demoeracieu hail 
it.nm rls succeeded mils in sin, 11 slalt-s. 
It i- tin- vl'.rs. ot iln- Swiss to have t-stali- 
li-h. I the inoat perfect democracy tin the 
face ot tin earth, resuHtng in tin Diowl 
liottt-si nduiiuis,tratinti of government 
ever known, i.ti uu adopt the im* 

].n.\i iiii-nt- -hown in Sw il/v rlatnl to lit- 
so fruitful in good and bavo in America ;» 
ilt'tit if.-;>.f s ma outj great, Iml pure, 

A ktii i k HftiURKTM 

1',. .-I. ni. 



Love THyaetl Lmf, 

1.. Mllis-i tl IM I , ..I in ii Ih In. Ill Ihy ilnls 
I'll llliMH! w ll'i si ilk U -nl. Uu t lluwll III"- ^ l.i l.i, 
M.ik, yl ut tin n iliis- l.s lillli- ,it I- ..I Im nits , 
Ami In l|i Hu in U :it Illf tn 1 1. 1 1 n- i.| r.i il 1 1 - I., nl 

1. 1. s. i lis -i 1 1 tn -i i.i ink im . -i in I Haul i'i. »lrnimei 

\S Itll -t.l^^l I- III Hill III- sill Itlltl III- ,ll-|llll| . 

I hi. N o.) ,i ItaiMli in. I l. a.l llltn mil .il ij|MH|*t, 
iii Iii lylillis sslii-n tie ii i is -it- ill. wrnrM i- I iii 

1...'. i tlis -i ll l.i-i 'fh* VMttlCM :il,,,o tli. ' 
Is lillr. I vsilh -i.lill t'lin- MfOHM n" 1 !•"" 
Ami Ifisriitls llit -t ElilthfUl Ha ii'l- -"'i 11 '"S' 
Itll ■ . 

K*eii thou th) w iu h i , 1 1 nt in i ..ii.t . in inn- 

Lust- Ihysrll kWIj in, I ■,' Hltfll l"S -Ii .1 1 lln ill 

Ihec 

As never ret la -. in-ii *um1 .s:i- kIvwi 
WHate'ei tby tul. h prrfrci |« a* « BOth»»i 

An.l i iiilli -1i.il! - . in Hi. nil'' I' ".in "I I" iis. il 

i.. ,st tin- ti bun awl UUm nhatlgma Va*|rfrKi 
i'.isi. . ui htm I., k.i ■« hi. I a inli i-i.niil 
Thr nwamip .a .lit -in- '", H' 11 " -'mil hi«r it: 
vini ,,ii t.,,.i xlt«tl i» a ii'i naMHaad 

ljuvf iii>s. - i .-i Hi' si,. i i.i skatl i«- nfk« 

Ih III I 

Bj tin i- 1 1 uu- 'a i 1 -i in, 'ii.. funw» Hw . lead 

i I, .11., it ii in -|,IIH "I"' in I' '!' ' 

rati i- it., ii...- leitgiM wi". •' »n «i 



•I 



10 



THE CARPENTER. 



Ouestions mi J Answers. 

uv \. w w kiii.s, 

. the I. inn. it \ i \ k 1*1 vn ft J \\ 
asks lor itlt'ot iti.ilioii on ln,u in 

1 1\ niii .1 uweei to ''i hd stnuiji i 
.in iirclk-d kVM « n « lu !i tin- 
j.imhs .li t- ->i i "ii >i (hire. U\ 
In m ,v i' h sul.mil a i "linnon l ule gencr.tlb 
used 1 1 "i work i>f this kind, 
rin- dimension* n-i.| are tin giv»m In 

Mi . I \V. fin- . a \, \ i' miii- , i <|U.t' 

ih.ii ■>(' i" I! hi [t ii-'.li I'm i hi i tli ti. 

tin-- v. ■ ■ tt IIM the il i.ici ( iii U i i leh 
M iiln 'in birth i rAjit.tti.tti " 





■ 1 



: • • <\ 



'J'hr diagram, i>t • nil —» . W'Oltld lln i -.'-l 
t.iti being drtlWtl lull ■••./.. hut Mlii ill, 
Mr. W. ha- his hm:.;1i hum iln.ii|\ 
mailt- , why nut take i soft thick | icee oi 
building j>.i]h i , i-.iu iulU hi ltdittji ,l '-" the 
shape "t the splay, tacking in i] 
nml \tv, scribe .mil tiini, .mil l|i will 
h.iv.-a good winking pattern. 

Peter Dougho* wuut* to know thi- -i,,- 
.mil how tn.inv shingh >il<« ■•. it really take 
to cover a square i»l l"v lu feet, We be 
lieve tlit- -t.nii I. iril shingle ii< i' i ■•iv'tii/nl 
in l«- j \ i'i i iti hi - hi i thi- face, ntd if I." 1 1 
4 inches to the weather it «■ add i.iki • n t iu- 
m thr square fool hi '»•'> iu tiu- Hiiit.iM- 
imt it placed 4'i incites to the weathei it 
will require tftM), it ^ >1. t •.-«-• t 5 iuch.es t.. 
the \M Mtlu r it will rii|iiir<- 7 i. If placed 

Syi inches to the weather is will require 

The above it given as the actual iium- 
ber required. So allowance is matte foi 

doubling Up or fea waste caused bj hips, 
leys, etCi 

in eatituututg quantities ii l I lu 
should in- added |c the above figure*. 

John H. want* .i i|iiu ' itnswer and .i 
quick method of finding tin- curve and 
length ot hip rufti > Era > vei wdn. 

D B 




4-- — KuN - •• > 

Kor him we Milniiii ,i diagram .i- fol- 
lows : A-B represent* tin hum given tin- 
potsinoti rafter. 

Now lay nil im number of lim-s pir- 
alh-l with the aaai (row the riat to and 
beyond the curv* A-H| a* shown, atul fur 

each iuch in length thrsi Inn - i|„.. 

tween riA- ant! curve) add 5-t2 of an Inch 
tu the anise line i" the left of the curve 
ai i< l chech . After ;ill Hnea have thnalieen 
tneaaureil, run an off-liaiwl curve thiuii^h 
the check*, and the curve will renrewnt 
the correaponding hip at the «•< aire "t' it« 
hack. 

in find the bevel u* hat'lting of tin- hip 
tn cotucide with the plane <>t the cnninion 

ral'tet, ttliasiin lin k on the parallel Inn- 



loth tight nf the tMtrvv uih hall Vhe lhi» k 
ncfw <ti die Lftp ipiiI 1 1 i ix iito'ln i cmwi 
ivhich alii ih. lint - <ni tin Nh- 
ii mi in ft . .ii l lu- ii 1 1 ' 1 1 i'i tin ' ktek \ 
lik.' aino ml nxnsj he »drh*d t.« Ihe i '• 
i-iu 6t lite prfrnj i »'b*i '■ Itw'iid 
. i tiki tn inju ; ii i Iht '" i ,.'"ii [it'pi '''ii 
nisii .n! t«l iddjmj ' 1 a' ■ -'I h 

.i - .ilmvL ill cril 'i '!- 

Jack I'fciuc wiftil ■ j 'i' ■ i v i ' '"i i" •■ 1\ 
wtttili 'I In' - 1 •'■ ■ h i' i n.tni-h i- ptt'h 
.il il i .i . Mil ;'!• . • hi i . .ii that 1 1 M : ' 11 

■ hi \ i - ."i J VII 1 - "' I 111 i 1 " < ' 

• ■ I'. |V lt.tl PI I'I' 1 ■ 

' 

■ 

m 



\\ ho Is at I null f 




If] 




liJ 



(IfliTjiV Ih'ek stlhlllit5 »< t r. Ih : dilfiCUtt 
■ii"!i:iiii in tin -hi|"'"i i ^otltii i.HM. 1 . 

III . I'I I"! I HtOtU* |IM!tt VMtll eight sjiii.ll 

Uiperiii}; rilt* i" tlte • intu-. I" i iem 
with, Mi. I! ha»> not etHfU|jh i ih- i" l""k 
will,. i- tin \ inu-1 la ■ i ystt il . i] mil .ii 
tin- ceiUre tin chuugc Hi t"«' rfbi up! W • 
st|gge*l thai hi' n-i ixM-Kr .a nnui 




It 1 1 ( 



^ \ is>* +~f \/ A 




l ii-.i hape tin slum a . ih -in d, in. i nil 
it with tin I'tiMipaw -I i iIm- [in ill' l liin 
iirouml i In wtm and di\ idi tin ■ ■ line i 

lilt" llu liuntbt I "t llli- i|i sin .|. 

Tin ii la-gin it the i eutfw mid i im an 
of t - li i in 1 curve, is shown }«j tin illuettn 

lion. 

\ huh' practice will enable the "i" i 
tut in shape tile Hpiral is desired, though, 
«it course, much depend* upon the ey* 
lor the beautiful. 

Thadr i vn in H instil a a|dri1 of inde- 
pendence ami Holhlarit) into wagewrnl*" 
era that could not otherwiac lie otrtahietl, 
it i riahh-s litem to unitedly i ite**ute n i|e> 
sin im more pa) and shortci h*»ura that 
it wouUI lie impossible to olitain il each 
acted Independently ol the other, The) 
develop manly, fraternal regard, and 
inaki a n-alitv oi the old adage ol "each 
'"i ill and all for each'*' Stmthrrn /■>"» 

DUll I. 




OPUA 



I hr | |nc oi It. mli- l"»r tooo 

it i ii v * 

■ 

I | , 'in ; .i i ■ Ii' i'i ll> iliu'1 '* ' 

' ' . Illljl It.'H l"l 

■ 

, ... 
' , - - 
. , ■ 

I ■ 

Ii M . ' [il H 

il |tat't<r|| "i 'i.' 1 null I •- !•• t H ' it) 
h i- • i ■! i- . . .ih M.i ''-■'' v Imh ! 
tn UM 'i ; hl| hi- - j ii.- 5.. 1 11 t'litai ntti 1 
1 h.iii-ji - III »u| trrnl kMeiii <!• •• . .' 

• i" an. r A It It til It] ' - - • ■'■ ihi ll inf'l 1 I 

and h\ id»«ilWH I tli ' ■ i '- v 

• I n .m l llu I ■ " 'i ! "•» "'fh. i (4 t 
tie iinii'ii l«> i ■ _- ■ i - ■ l • 1 il'l rttd •.- 

■ m.i\ w iih th" "i- • hit I 1 1 

i.intis deit In* ' ■ ' • •• 'h' i» • 

Old t tu i «'i j i"i tluiM Hi' I •! nil i.-i 1 1 .' '•' 
I .llslllrss lliti I < ' 1 1 ! 1 1 ,■ , ' ill I ' • |»i ll 

i li'i i um ut i>l ill 

'I n I'i'tli 1 "in ni liistti i' i o'ldilifnis it i 
iu ' i "ii- :>> ' ii ill I i'' 1 'h' lliti "t ■ 
'.Miil.T. I tl "i ' | . imp! 1 i:i| " thk 
l>t n iv. j,. i. . iwf pnt ]"■! it wJti it wi 

Ii.H' 1 W" - ' - . 'ii tllidl • i'i " 1 I lit l >■ 1' 
.•thi i n it ! i : 1 1 1 ■ i indu*ln I tHatl 
Wit, i' Mi -i a um iujb > •■ 
it. I W i it ■ m i In tn i.|-i id H. i 1 

[ 'I f * s 1 1 1 1 1 i illli :• I 'tl t . ' • ■ ' . ' 'i 

i ' lUfbi ' '" I Ai i ii Iti i il"in UliJ -1 1 1 1 t 

\\ I II r . I t t .11 II 1 % IM t In rituUl ill ll« .1 I'I' 

I Ollllll 1 t" 'I IV, .lli.llj '.1 "lit; i 111 il |1 ' ' 

inn . 'fin imni' it* i»«M»iNi - tlM 

II l\r I . •« 'i il 1 1 III 1 1 . i lit . ir • !i H ; •? ,. 

i n aii\ 1 1 inr t. ii tie- i\ 1 1 H ' t" v, i rtth 

lll'l '"it klllO) 1" 'I i I nlllpn.iUKi 

•tpeakinK, rvpn * in i>ul> ■ baU'ltnl "i 

nit n. bill I In ' in "-.; it. I,, thi in-. | . - 

ih,- u>;tit i rttnd ih' iii iii iii'i i'. tgi 

< ii milli«<it> >,i tiii n 

t in i killed n^'lii tiif ' i|tk have i tn 
refill, iti- tlu ii 4«*tl ttiihi .tiu ill hi mil 

.1 J "II H il il I'I III I III v Mil -I II I It' 1 

unit- iml U1h*i 

I his i [ghl i demed '.In HI hi evei y ih*i 

l.i.t. an iti in il tint! i" ifct) .nut tin i. 

i i'i (.tin!) ' .Hi ''I- ni, ;.. i, i n hi ;i id, 
(K'upU* detade vxlnili ind wbai right 
Mi. ho. "in i»m . n marked Tin ,i , 

iion i i ii i nisi h ih -I • at t«1 hail mi. 

Ii will i an ill siau 1. 1 all free &i 

in 1 1 ti \\ i i i n not in,, i v. 1 1 i-i<m 

"I']'"' 'il I" ' i. h " . 1 n i ii i' 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 ■ i nil mi 
■In -tll il .ill. ill W ■ mUSl ll ii' i Hl:> i III. 

"in "1 i i n "'. Ii. i ml iv hob if lit' 1 1 i 
fill llu Im lip) i il, i |tli 

l lu-, i- 1 1 1 ii H - i ■{ i| ' ii 1 1 1 1 1 it \ to hunt' 
I In si is -iii ihi" lli. i ."hi i, 1 1 ii . n, i where 
tin i In linn' and i (in ni, on ,] ttupiiigu 

1 lsln .Hi (Ippm I null | I ii i.H Hi. ,n 

and i ihii it nni thai lumlil mil in alhravil 

to ^o lltiiliijiioM .1 

.\ lew nun ben ami I hi rein tin- build 
ing trades hav< tb< Innin md wages then 

uiiions itwi i. Im! wi inmil u im mi., , 

the I'.itiii- is nut im onraelvt - alone. A- 
we Mtirvej tin tieUI ami si ,,iii, ■, . i, 
glinx with unjust conditions )• t m rei oj.- 
in/I- that tin highest ilni\ we t»w« "in 
st-Kis i> I,, join ll u,, is with om fellow*, 

1o tilill)', tin in lo Hie Ii \, 1 vv, Mlii ., k, 

oi i n|i\ . 

Is Inn ll, .,)., in | iU t \Jl I'li llk 

I I U»-o ii ..in im i n« ii dem -nL. 
Ami iv ii || Ii, ni In „ In mi- |,,, ,,, | 

I llill Wi ,,m II I I II k I II, I ,, ,|, 1,1 

".I. ii iii ni . UiiHi i- ii, nbari 

III IIH - ! Hill- 'tin, I l„ l Mi ni . 

omI .villi iir«rt Hail haatl i 

I'M,. -I I,, ,„ ,t. ,,|||,,s Hr. 

N I.I.XAMlhK I, AW. 



' 

Ii 

! ' i iii. I '"in 1 i -.-.iii . ,t 1 
I In i . 1 ., nit i i I. i ■• 
- in I. 1.. Ilnii 'iv .' tltldi i 

I,, j ntp ..' fi.h' . | 
.v ' • 1 1 1 1 n ' i ■ ' i 1 1 1 i' * 1 1 | 'I 1 1 1 1 

I 1 1 hi '■■ 

I \V 1|M ' ,| | 

'■ .1' 

■ , 

I ii tn U i ,i 

li \i i .i in, hi- .ni 

* 

.... 

■ ' ■ 

It 

to ill 

' 

■ ■ ■ . 

■ 

'i ni ! I r i mil" 



■ 

Mill ■ ' | .1 t . , 

' 

: 

■ 



■ 



I 



V'i t. , ' i(U- A ll.i lM 

,' . 

. '. i ; 

llalhd kiltti t haiattt't ■ ■ I ■ ■ , ■ i li n 
< * it ll uii'lii 

Jttl , i rUhw til" Am| 

m. i, w'i jiotii ,-i dmn ■ ■■ ' 

i i l ill | In t ih- | tfWII ' In h 1 'i I 
ml; himI 'i t,,i Im 1 Ii. t t- ■ ■ i ■ . 

Wi t' mi, | , . ,, um upon ihi 1 . 1 i • 

nil hi i I i] i l tt'Uch'l In i*. ■ : I 

I iii'i'., i i • i ' I it In will , i ..■ . 

tllj 1 t ■. .I|i 1 I [i im i- ' rt !,, l| , , , ■ ' 

tm m induatt >. gett iiouihI limi um 

"i 'In In an i ' 1 1 1 1 . .i ■ li i , 1 1 , - iii : in i 
ihi". i ttituot find wmi l 'l-' a hi it 
, iinn ,t mi Hr in , .in, nthiM i i ■ 

1„ i , , ,.i j, j .. M ^ , ;!;,' ■, 1 

just pikinglt iii keen mil nni I ■ : " 

•' tin I 

I I II .1 V t I' ll >1 1 - IimI ill,' i W! 

l-lo. ■ t t mli. even it * in 1 1 ,i I. : It 

'■' ' HI 1 III III III ll III II, > \ I I'll'. 

■ lll'l ' "III - I , 111 I . ,1 I III H I I I 
t I 1 1 lilt In 111' ll I ' 1VV III I I III III 1 

hum in in. hi ii,'. an i .. ,i. tin mi. H 

i n i li 'l In in ik. '.nv .mi llu [H li] ind 

hi tend, muke I aim It i- »«i i n h 

■ ImiiiV- Tie . In.iilil l„ In ih 1 i I Hill 

it .I Tl I ,.t Hi. I Ni 

Inoih' 'i ! "i man ejhtitael '"" 

>l"ll if lush -ni "I 'loll. il ii In l " 

i >i » ii. 1 1 a, 1 1 1 i ,t not, 

I In n I Ill Ik i law |'i- < : IW 

Wnllkl i ^isi m i . m il' n i'l i in IliSt" imig 

tin-, i ml. hi pntihi pjai < n h ' i *• " " 

■ ni I tn wil WI" n i i liidnMt 1 

i 1. 1 n il in piibtn nrtiii thai il I' iwndli 
i"i v upmi .um io live up t" il** U'ltet nw 

sjniit oi ins nldigation, ami wh< m 1 * 

shoii oi ii ,,i s, IU mil In-, i on itteiw* • 
ami t nl , to m iii ih, ni, ih i! In Kill !"' 

inr.i m , 1 1 ni. ,1 to the puldi 1 

Mil., i dei kin <l meant, Hid il I" '" 

u i1hii.il hhl in -t all sin li di ' ' "" 

hall hi- it . nteil .iml lurui 'i i" IW 

|iilhl)i \ nootl. 

'i hf fapaneac iwwverh, " Mm h "' 
I , i . ,li. .1 . ilm i. who i. ii A" 



L. 



+, ■Mi.naiiwua 



THE CARPENTER. 



II 



VVli 



t . n,|. n ,1 ill thi 
i ', I u c : ii it lii \ i si iimi w r. tn 
. , , \ im| to ■ 'He • 1 1 "in o i •• 
■ tii'Itttt ihvij in' ■ tin' 

. , .' i li. 1 1 • ; ',i ' w ; In |'uMt> 
t',, .1 , ..: |.j!.1i. JWilfc rti S 
Liw 1**1 i | • .1 i' w 

• 1 1| ■ in J i 1 1 J ill 
I, ,1 |. iltlt'i 'Mil' ' ll(ini,i i" 
I i.. 1m lulu- In Vin 

||| . . | H I I' M III III Mttt'l I I 

| r j 1 1 1 • • 1 i i H> ' 'li ■ " i 'il III 

■ ' . :■ • . 

, (jib . . .ii lli. |u njiji 

i iidiil Hi i mil 

I ii ' I 1 1 • >r'i hi • |h .-,1 ii' i 

1 in iii hill i<)i LtMt I 

' it) ullllll ll • "111 I II 1 1 ' ' I 1 Hi 
ii| t,i|T| Ji 1 1. -Ii. .hi i : •. vthi'fi 1 1 i 

1 1 i . 1 1 . -* i ■. 

A II T\\;., m. 



I hi' L hi "i I \i~iinv; I Liiiiiiiiiii 



S I U i . H i I'll 

I 

Mj (.MiltlUII'th .' I l' I '•' ' • ttl.lt I II II 
1 III t VKI'I M'lH ■ "'l' III! xillK 

I - ' . "ii . 't m . ' Hi I !i it .i 

nut I tml 

■ 

J ||<. Ill f>b I 'I ~ilU« .» -tl • | MM) 

" ■ 'l|. A l ' lit . lW t'-i'l Il l*ltl|K t" 

ii (| nuii ji 'nil 'n i ui ! ill it xU.ii 

. \ 1 . '..iii..i tml tfini it 'i t. ui. 

■ ' ■ , . !■ ill. I.' it !" il II II * li. I lltl I 

i ii.i't 1 1* 1 ..i i rttnif i . ii 1 'i .1 



■ i iitniti, 



, . ■ .i m tint < 1 1 « ' i " li 1 1 * 1 
ill j * it ,i i1 'jiii i"n 
"•i 'ii it r»Mit .iti . Ijtti 1 

.; . ;' il'MJi * !.tn nli t l 

i . . :i- ui ii cumin • ! v 

: . ik'H III Mt Hi Ijllst II1V * 
' I. .I i .i.i mii n In . ; i i : ii ti II 
i ;■.■■•■! tm i i v 1 1 1 l ' i ! 1 1* (!♦»• 
HMtlhlllllJ .i , i Mil i i .il". 

Ill' 1 Kkl'l \ 11 N 

I tiiit .i'ii in. I u >n i, i ■ 
inu I ti i' I .iiii' <:■ H 

tl - iin-l tlnu .hi 
i .< i in in tin i|ii)iir>M tti ' "' 

i- Ifatwgh tli' v li-ul ■ • ,i . 

win 

ijiiit. i BUHttn i " ti 'ii i *> '' '•■ 

■ ■ ■ n i ii » i .. , k :.• '.iiii, 

• id -nil i ill. \ |. . .i ii ■ li . • | " nl 
n i tin ; i ui. i i iMi |» ,.,!., • '"' I Imw 

1 Mil ji.|i i| lii # ..iti ,.i I. n. i I i\ L -}■:. nut 
"' II -|M1 l" II., N I '»! It 

I J.I'ljlilsl Ii. -I 1 ..V\ in III . |n l|l 

1 "Imllili iiifiin 1 tu • ' in (In 11 tl , 

"i in Mn i • " ii ■ .it '''M ttflWil 
'tu. in I. . i mii iirxi in nut i . 'ii t ii 

' HIIM il 

I II I i. \ i i i.iri llii Ml I yi I 
"l"ll ■ 111 I I j 'it It'll' ill . i .1 1 1 111 

•Oil I i lii li I , I in "Mi i ■ t' V* in \y 

m.il li i,| | t i | mi,. in uiiii f iii 

Inat . n,i i tiuu 

hi|)1 ttul IllilUl^i ' , -., i Singh inn 

"' Itll -.nlii .1 r\| sM'Mi. Kill ll.iji, 1" 
■» ' uyiiliii i i \ 'n fi tin Ui.tiMi In -., 

1 ' ' 1 1 In llMlttl ti H .!•> wt" ■ In t ■ < t 

"It < »h»' vim Ml 

IfatM t I in I , tint, s ili.it 

' ' wt " »"i i I n is imthiuu «> 
'' '"in m 'ii .,i i iii. xenwe riiAit in 

■ ' ti&ri \m\ a im -i \h • i< -lit it w. 

Ml '' I HUM ll , \U tllllst 1. 

'"' " ' " ' M.M . ,111 .H.MIs. ,1, I, HI 

1 " ,l l" "l" 1 iftrt «>tii .in rwnuutu ,ii 

itpiM wt »s ■ ,,,,, i, , , ,„,, wtv 

m j 

' |. W. M.wiuN. 

* ' ' I " pliMvii iii rvcvivr 

" 1 I l' III li il i^ I... HI III i M I II I 

il \MI I | I 



the Next step Toward I mMKlpntttin. 

' I ■!■ ? " ti I "I ihi ' llmi iii.i\, :ui in 

'- ftltlllll ).'!', , tl in il khii , 1i.nl, 

m hi iii- i njlu .I':. i .i 

' "' ' f«*« - I -in kiJ fi ,,u,. . |,.,v 

•*»H''i A ib\\ In h"!.| Ih< .i tin ||l?M i (u]< 
Hi I U Hi" I 'Im i v fin. . 1 1 I,,,, ,i| , 
\# Hl.li III ll I'l' III, ..li It IVl ,1 

"Sot' tVmt h n si tui in ttui, 

'■'"'I'' [I'llili I ."il "I is..." ,.| ;,, ii.ii.iin 

inti tin tf i r . j rut im, ■ , | ., . , | ., | . , 

* ;| 1 .11 • .M , , ,,,, . ,i ,. Jlt . r ,, 4 , 

till 111 "i 'il ....I Lin- . ,ii,|iii.,ii I,, . Ll u 
" ! 'In i«i " !:'.!• I.i. t vm ii, | U , i\, ii 
I ""i : ml. n hit 1 1 , fug, mh. ,, 

• "<1 Ihli ■' tl ttili*uwl iini'M. 

i I I'm il iiniiiii hi I, .; i | , |,i 

•••••• 11 (Im ll tx )'" i i Mi-titn 

' : !Ml ! kill ! Iitrti (ui t In- 

Ml m| inn ill lin k! ui lUeittttli 

IH' n I : " li ii. tti a~ ui i. - ^Irniii' 

1 0»»ti fix 1 i .; i im t:n ii.'ii i- in .ill . is, , i,t 

li '< ii h .- ktrifcvtt im! ]••■ It- 

" H" i in I t" • iliitsli tli' tnllmiiti.i l,. n, - 
M ii.tim . , iii I hi tu tit- ttiin-i.il )« ii, 
tit h^iliilr I.. .!• ;,t ,,. i( i .in -..I ui k 
1 • in fit- I"! .iiijm,, . ,| tm nil n i-. 

li i- i n -i itahJr i n i th.it theft is im 
»llfij*'t , t V« whti'll tl" ,'.mki i> Ii.im- um-ti 

•" ItttJi itt, in...,. ,i~ tin "in ui huiblitu 
ti|i . m»l In niiuit > iii tin uitiuiM "t llie'it 

1 i ■■ |" ' t . • ' 1 n|, - III lll"-l i ,1-l-s. 11 till 111 

"'.'"i: itmi , 1 1 ri -ulti 'l frnm i-tii Mt- 
hj.'.'i (Hi |"i' "t tin iinjil.iwrs tux talti 4 
nl uit.i. • i thfti ittt|l"M ur t!n \M.rfc- 
i. it.ii." t it} ,i rvvtvo] in itnliisit), 

1,'.' -..ii^'ht '.I. ui. -"tin- iiutin 'li.it.- 

uii] i.i tn< til in tin it , iiuUiittuii, 

Nii'.s . i ..].i rii 'i, i !. i- -li'.vMi . titttl ft'ttetl 

"11! ti IH ^"ikl!- ill l.lli'Il.'.lt|]/i .1 lln-\ 

i ■ . ]- ilhiii i ii nit-, "t unrti t. stim.iL 

ti. tilt 'it "'.ui -!:i liittll, .mil i\.iKV,'i i..tii"' 
' i .•: tin , ti i j . > . t . uliil. \)u lirsl 

ll "•. IttW itl"]| I.', tin ^"tk' l> 
•Ii. m i i,;,|„.siti -t iti- ui 
ui'!. 1 1 si iitttttiltU lie | 'i i w i i 
f- Ullj ".i n -tun itlllv' lll.it 
' n tin M-! itti Utpl ,il "t 
• .1 « Tl,l in; < |i»1U ll 'In MlM 

I *ii i ,i ii tin M-.iin i- in uniitu 
'i . ui ii. its tu tin n in Hts, .in. | 

■ I 1 i-MH » . | . . . — .1U- lilt," Msltllir, 

1 1* i " 'i "in : . t li.it in 111 .i hi i ii. 
-i i ' 1 . illy Ol»l im'Iiiii' t" ^'-tt. t 4 It 1 11 
I |ta«J \ li li .1 \ ll , In i il -i-i 111 i , I 

ii' -i is, htwi-vi'i i tii"iiiiM t" ill >»urll 

iHVltl . itnl i I. tut tlhlO .Ii llt.iilsti.iti-- 

ilu' rn|ittiv* tii"i> ill. in i'iitlHi*U < *ui I ■■ 

« . ii . ii l"i ii - nil nli nt il t" tli- -lllli; 
' "1 lil'.ii lint uliiii ill.- jit, iii. m 

, 'Ill ll "I -Ml , I - I M, ll till. 'I in- l-lll 1 . 

is ini«Mut! tli' ii tl" I1t«»i i nthusiastti 
nn J|H»l tlM'ii ii'l'M lUmjip tK"d mil tin it 
i , ,t . . I I, , ,,t i mi 1 1 1 1 In iinii hi i i' it it >it tt'ti 
|ihr<i»i . "i it i' mi tni'i n *I, a 's 0-ith ii 

i'l. . til ,t I In \ . itlllt] ll"t lll.illlt.llll ll 'in 
t illsi nl tli. |tl«i-|ti'i "I tlh isi Itlittt 1 III 
ill. ,'i i. J . m u III, 'l till 1 M i . i -t In .il t- III. I 
Iml li-t Mill* 1)111*1 ItHUtll'll ill J" till, I'- 

I Im .in-' i \ i i sii In il i 

'A , 1 1 1 1, t h il "in i ■ v |x i u tii c "1 thv 
1 1 1 Mil ill. ' . 'in III 'l. tl -ll.lll s i'i i | li in t, 

• li ii 1 , tin 1 1 n s i, i| ,.|i tltitt t Iii. m ii mi Mi- 
nt .i i .i k 1 1 - nbirli Im < i-i ■ i' It ■ I i In tu 

si III - 111" s| II, -Willi Mil, «l, I'll 1. 1 1 III .1-1111! - 

in thtiM in In, li tin in, min i i in- in. m. 
In.lili h | >• 'iii mIiusi ii i^i -• ii'.tili I Ik? 

IllL'lll t I •. ' I 1 1 1 l\lliis|- llllllls ill l.llmt lit 

tli, I'.in I tti ininliliiMis ui imt|iMM 

tin nl .ii. tin lii"s| 1 1 isi.il il'li- wllnst |v 
ijlli i\t .1, tm >i ■ - gvUi'tittl) Ini-ili'l, .mil 
win, .ii. ii'i|iiiii>l Irs-, uflm ttliiil ntllri 
lllilklls t" ll ml l" ,i -tllki- in i m 111 t" 

"IM. mi lb* iiilti--- til ,i yt u \ -nil i-. "i lli' 
i;i,iiiliiiK "I WltlKt in ii ,1 in i s-.ii hi i in 
III, i m 1 In I ll.lll, I, il is Dutle tin- lis- tin, 

ili.it id, wnikiis unnrKaniitifil, tnxvtbft 
mtli ilinsi i>rgiiitii« I, inii wfau tetvi t " 

nli it,, I tin- |>iiin.ii\ .-.siiili.il nl wbitlt 
in li.iii- sjuiki ll, .lit- tllnsi nli" .in ."in 

i„ ii, <i I,, M.M k tin- btnittnl ii'iins im iin 

Imii'st w.i^t -.. nil" .in Inn nl Ii. MhH 

ii \*Htihu*4 "" •_»■ ' 



^ Besides tools for the workshop. Files of all ^ 

£^ standard make:-, s*,'aw> for wood and metal, 

•g: Hammers for the blacksmUh. Hatchets for 

^ the carpenter, we have ma-r/ labor saving 

^ appliances for family use. 



See our Food Chopper 

ft cuts Meat and Vegetables 



^1 Al l. TOOLS Oh niH »RST QUAUTV AT l : *IR PKICHS 

| W. H. & G. W. ALLEN 

^ 113 Market Street Philadelphia 

W w www www m ww www www min www www mw* ■ rwn ww* *ww www •ntniiiiiivnNi«*'i ww 

Sees & Faber 

HARDWARE a« d TOOL DEPOT. 
2008-2010 North Front Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



FOR 



MouiUcts, Bricklayers, I'lastertrst, Contractors, hlmuhcrs. Carpenters, 
1 thinct and Pattern Maker* Loom Fixers and Machinists 



sh. it i nun, Packing, Uaskcts, « »•«..,., <i,.iss, s, Jvnkin's V.t'.vi s and 

1 us. s, |'i|i St. 1. k-; .itf I I ii' s, I'ipr VY1 1 'i, hi s, 1 utti rs, \'isi-s, etc 

Other Tools are very good TooIs t but— 

"YANKEE" TOOLS are better. 



** YANKEE M RATCHET J4CRKW DRIVER, Hn. 10. 

a It 4, /.. fi. * 10, 12 itictie* 




"YANKEE" RATCHET SCREW DRIVER, No. IT,. 
Slim blsdr, Willi fin^r turn, for tinht work. SUc« : 2. Jt, ft inches 




"YANKEE" M'l RAL- RATCHET SCREW DRIVER, No. 20. 

llnwi wtrna in iiy pimhlnif han.lli 01 bT latchet moTdiiMit. M«de tn Ihrer 




"YANKEE" SPIRAL-RATCHET SCREW DRIVER No. 3D. 

Drivr* 01 takri o«t •crew* t» pn.hlOB mi hM»dt*, or by ratchet movrmrtit. Can b* UMd 
risr.lt! netrw at<»"1 "i «ny psrt of ita lt-na;trt 




" YANKEI w RCCII'RDCATINW DRILL, No. 50. 

FordHIHttt tnrtala and nil kinds , f wood*. Chuck will hold ilrtlla 3-16 Inch dlam^irror lea* 




"YANKEE" AUTOMATIC DRILL. Nn. 40. 

for borlna wood lor HtttM acrews, hmda ntilla tie, pun !«• u^tl In hard oi anfl wnoil ».tb 
out ap]itiln K . ruihina; .in tnndlr rc»nlv>r'« drill Knch drill h^n fi dtill 
point a In man.ar.tne in»idr hun-lif M ih-iwti m eu' bel.iw. 

SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS IN 
TOOLS AND HARDWARE. 

Insist on "YANKEE" TOOLS 

IF VOU WANT THE BEST AN AT A REASONABLE PRICE, 
[i, acrlptlvr Circulat* will !>.■ lice liy MattMOW' 




NORTH BPOS IHFO. CO.. - PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



i 



12 



THE CARPENTER. 




THk bcninitmil i- "fu i r rt'Olfisttt rttnl 
fiif IVHrtolKlflttf lii'in mil i t'iiili i *■ .at im , ti.mu 1 1 
»ilt<)ivt* in i . 1 1 1 >» mi) . . 1 1 >> I i.li .- ; - I'lilH 

i ii(i:tniiui(li»)i 

\\ li|<' .01 ■ in Ml|«' III I'"' 1 ' "iltj Wl 
.int. I, - »>WUl»l (*' -i^tii il. 

M.iH I fi 'I On- I " ittlln III hia-1 Iw .11 tai- 

i.tti. . I > i in .' I li i il i in. .mil 



Mow to Make Whltewood Doora hi 
Twe Thicknesses of Stuff. 

l'li. in ]'. I>, ].., l ln i. V V.- 

Replying in C, I'. \\'.. l-'.i^t S.ijl: i n:t\\ . 

Midi,: punt- til, ill' "I ]m]'ll! in silUih' 

thick ne«w hi ii i) apt tn warp ami twi*t 
.mil get "in hi" slinu' generally, Tlit- 
glueing together i't' tun ihlcknmmcii i-- tn 
prevent iiii-. but '"'ill thicknesses shoukl 
in' taken from tin one plank. A 2-ineh 
plank -lnnilil he -plii ilitu n the centre of 
its thickness, with a lhhi saw, and Uie 
two pieces should then '><.• glued togelhet 
with their end* reversed, fty this 
method the tendency in w.irp or twist is 
counteracted, a* the pieces strain in 
contrary iliroctions, * 
»•» 

SliorinK a Brick Huildinc 



l-'roui ll. S., Buffalo, N. V.: 

Will Mr. Mctihinis, or (tonic other cor- 
respondent who kimus. kindly let Oie 
know If the diagram which I send t Pig i 




In., i. 

shows tin- proper way In -In ire iiji a brick 

building. I contend it is not, nlthougli 
our foreman i- having ii done tin- wu\ 

shown. Tin- building is .n"' M *J M» his 
underpinned, and l think Hie shoring is 
insufficient. 

-» * • 

Design lor Small Altar Wanted. 

Prom |. M< l>., Newburg, N. V.: 

Will Mnne kind}} rentier furnish me, 
through the columns of Thk Caookntko,, 
a neat design lor a small altar, ■hont three 
FeCt high ami proportionate width, with 
a few hints as in tin- U-st wood in use in 
It* construction, etc., etc.? I would like 

it in Hie ClOtbic style, as it is Cora small 

Catholic church in a country village, As 
thefts an' many Catholic readers besides 
myself, whn will la 1 thankful for such it 
design, I i'"" sure a compliance with nt) 
request will lit* fully appreciated. 

Mow to (let Profile of Cornice. 

[•■rum Robert I,a V., Ihihilh. Minn.; 

I have sntni' rooms to cornice in w hich 
mow of the angles art' splayed as in the 

sketch 1 ..end tl-'ig. 2.). The alleles :it 

tiif and* of tin- riHiuts an- square, lait »n 
tin- siih'S the cornier will inn ill the 

angle longed by the rafter nod ceiling 



in. -t> ai A. A. What 1 Willi) lokttoU i* 
lu.-v to get ilu- j'Mniii in iii>' enrmee tttat 
viin--iin ilw -laming ri iltnii as I" irtti'l 



Klu. i. 

m i t with ilu' molilditM!? "ii thi up i«h1 
wall. I want to l.n. m li.'U to <«1 tin 

hni"> -i> av in firtlH ■' pro}* ' mitre 

Dealgn «»t tlroantental cro-s 

in. in J. M. l>., SeW'trttrg, N V, 
1 '.si..h Mirtte fellow ii ithi w.-.i'-! pn' 

li-li a lb'«igll "t an >'ia .in. Hi i! i '"' • !' 

i infill in ii line, fatimhle to pkn'v «»ti Ihi 
■ n.l ridge ul > -m ill Rntttatt Cutholu 
liinii h \n\ iiit'itrntittioli will l»e (.-.lid'r 
ii . ei'vi 'i !tud ajn»r« ewteil. 

Information Wanteil. 

Prom Tin.-, w . ft., I'l MM-r. pot: 

I -lllilllll In- 'jl.l'l It -itlll' I • illlj'i tl'lll 

person , win* I* well up m kuiileir*. 
system of haudruititig, «ill kiudh a--:-', 
me. I have sttulie*! the s\!>tetil far > 
nnmlter of years, hut am unable to st i iV, 
a face^ntonld for n l nei- Men, I eneh«« 
a diagruiii nt tile unif. centre toventre 
<>t rail, 14 ': trend, ii-i -, T "; 

nt' rail 1 " x I" Jile tli!' km -• ill (.1 ml 



h imiiaiii'i--. Tin- ptynh " ' "1' 
Lhf pit h "i th« *tiur*. and tin in " him 
iv w' arnnrgi •! llmi U h "1 tin in " - 
N.n \ I i in - ■"! (UU plitnk hi nu an i iii in 

Dill i>jtn mkI ii'ii. Ii Ii |>j III il m 111 it »Jhl 

ii] t)iA ihiwn Ht I. ""I " ' ]u ' 

tun, u.niM M'.il.. in |t*i ii" ' turn n 

.(•■•! I I 'II I'll ' it. I "' l!l«' 'I' 11 « w ' 

neil tthvi h c in «| tit* imrA \' ■ '" 
fuiitt ition " • itliny (hi* i" n htii' u>tl 
tli i'il falh i' i ' W? -i 

\ I rieutHv lip. 

I'l'.ni 1 1 mk VV Sni 1'' "'' '" 1 >' 

I ^, ...| toil a 'H UM ol Wcirfc uln Ii I 

h id t.> ii ul yvitlanjl j -M-i a"i , 

,i, \ ei li iv in ■ '!■'■■ "ill iv i| k ' .it. it i , I 
i.iau.l ii a PHt !me il lit-'. Th* 1 

mniiktimi - ri V\*i i a ■ i 1 ill 'ir'i ti 
itw» t hi i It will 1 . ■ 'i ih «! Ilu H..' 




1W 



I n. 

|.iii. ..I -u'l-, Ii ul :•• . Mi |id "th« 

-till-- , with ih> tn. intrtuiu it, i !• 
Mtitnldt' ni it niii ihv nutri .... 




I I.. 3 



inr tin- wreath bs 4". that is, some y iln 
width "I rail. The ptriots uni t In no 
«|Uare (See Fig. Willi the faei ..i pt.utk, 
tin- lengths nt -hank ai pleasure, flit 
wreath ill two pteeen, tin- risers hi lh«' 
springing. I will In- thunkfiil fta or. 
lii^lu offerefl, 

Hu« to Prooorvo Kosis. 

Prom " An l Hd Chip," Tn ntn ii, \. j.; 

If [. Van Ihi Bbmmington, m . will 
-oak his posts, ,,r iii.it portion wliieli 
)',m s into tin- ground, in hot -t iki .1 linn , 
foi iniit nt Bve iltiys, then li t tin in 
out '.'•< ..I I, in- will find that In" i"'-i will 
last twice the time the) will u [ail info 
tin 1. 1 1 oi in l as iiu-s none fwau tin mill 

Stairbull<lin>c. 

I'rom Noinian l>. S., Orange, N. J.: 
Having an Open string stair t" ItlliW at 

once, I would in- much nhliged ii stnne 
one or MOM! of oui Ktairhuiklem would 
st-iiil to tin- ]iajn-r a ili-si^n m ui,,. \| , 
stair will liaVC U|teil strine with will, 

curtail atop nnd handrail for unite ; u" 

ffOlll eelllre to eelllreof rail ami om< In ml 
in the wi M ; M»" tri-a.l ami s" rise ; 

please show best method for working mn 
wreath. 

• * * 

Who has Seen ThLs Tracing 
Machine/' 



hi nrth'l tn Irni ill ilu in, ml.. , ,,i th 
nnaifding t«. jits hi Tin- diayi uu in ■ 
in lp wane i< iii.w -..in. time-, 

l>esij;its for Ikirirc Hoards. 

I'rolll W in \'.ni I). Si i ml. hi. l'a.: 

I slaaild ii i i thankful if some hrothei 
wniil.l M-ii. I ini puhliciitiou hi our tstpi i a 
\vw neat deMgmt foi iMr^e-lMKinU. I .In 
not miinl as i<> Lhc st •. l, ,„ « ■ . m 1 1 . »s i 
have several cottages fraim ttthuliil a* 
a km. I ni atotmei n iWn nt <■ uul tin 
owners aunt Ihem have i i idiei • lad 
(irate kadi out «k . (Iwaigli no He to 
In ilike. 

- • » 

riMiaMflg Corners of SotMra Hav 

Window. 

Prom .1- W„ All. niiii i il \ : 

I Rem! you Iterewtfli a si • - 1 « h ul tin 
wa\ iii wllieh I iniisln .| ili, , ,,iiii is rij a 

wpmre iia\ winitoa a -ii> .« i Umc ng«i 



Prom John \v. K. ( VViuona, \Vis. : 

1 niiii- siiw a little machine that was 

iuteuded foi strikiii({ out tin- curves on 




Flu. 5. 



l'li. k. I. h. pi t . s, miuhi i„ i,i 

'■'■rv:,,... 

■ !:ii > >l \ "in in i ii ■ i . ,, . ■ . 

* ls 'ill, 

•li'ln nil tn r i in I i rtiatt 'n '',.„| , , , 

"i, | in ■ t njil "i u"i :. , ,,. ^ 4 

I, UOU .1 Tin I, inl.l, , ,., , , t|< , ' 
i'ii vvnt I. is a l.all,,,,,, . 1 

« 1 "i iH, nul '-mi- in, i 

i . i i '" in.[ • 

I., 'it'll . .! 



s.iw riling. 

I •■■■It 1 1 1. si. .1.1, 11, 1 

iii i. i-U Uiiptesttnu ,i tw ,^1^ 
i la il li\ \i M K. 

\\ inii it in iv h. tin m , .,, . 

* * 1 1 it 

|., .:. . i 111.' w,ili ]-,.,, t „| ti((4ji , 

' "' ■ •' *> 1 • , !--.tt.. th 

I II IV- s. I II III. till ,,t||, , ,. , |,, . 

iftV II . I- W M ,1- l H H I ,, ,,,, 

' ill \ i .'I I lie "ll'ij, i t 

INI Stones. 

I H.tii n 1. Shstdard 

('■UM U |sk- 'I...1H ,r! ■,,],, . 

'■ ■ ■ ■ i >w iii ' I wve/al lltil i ]; l mm 

• » 

illliil'. ', i! i i .11) ., ,v .i j ... ,,, 

■ ah*' i" tin 1 it j.i nt ii . , ti ij ihniis] a. . 
.iv.. with '■ hi k1 fMd luili 'i ! 1 I, h 

iii i iii i >itn}*.»sitriHi tin -'..•!. Rj. 

■ i ' i In ' .i - 1 ml si, i , , . , .] . 

ahiti w i -fut i in alt 1 v \, m,.. 

■ i • irtnc t i unpin? 

* * • 

Sumc Miuntl AiKhc. 

L'.il.i got 1 (HVI 

in in ■ • > v ■ t tin i mu n n .. 
ihi t iki'i s'iik. j mul thai h.'.iti fi 

i i''t i «]•• i .|v ati'w, | fta i iftlil'fc vii 
, .' I ||i I i|))< li<Ugtl| lt|i| run I ■ I.:;, r rftp 
hii eel iml i 1 1 • 4igiil ' '. i tun iv i 
Tin n iion "t m mv nuniicn fulkn 
■ l. i 1 1 n j u i 1 •' it ii .' • I »*i>« ij ;-. 
•a. ii ■!• 1 1 •. il|ii»ii ui -I rtiuiiitntitij ■ '.! >• 

■■;].!• ti mis vs • r lo tpii ■■..!. s tt\ • > 
p» I iIm IUMI It'll | i , . 1 ■ 1 1 1 , '. . i ' ■ ' . , i ll 
in oi ..i tin- l ti.tln i - .I" Ifnl ' » 

I nought , ■ ; .1.1'. it .l appl'ti mi ■ ll 
i. kIiiik '■! >"H nffti j ii pan i il n 

I. -■ rvv iWsl i i" i r*srii I I>1 nut' . 

•.'..'«1 nl'- La tin vi- Ivv It Jokl I 
his tieeii i ni' mis t nl 1 1i- I' mu ■! Ri 

t h. t li, » »| ti >i fi .iir in. ■ t 1 1 li i ' I i'i-' 
■■ f'a i ni 'I'm i t'mriMiK foi lh - 
p. ii.»l. In hiiiiM fwvi l "ii" : '" »' I 
M.iifiunii >h n't on mi .n , . . . ■• . RBi 
l»er of t ihi i sn k "t lt\ m. I i Ul 
ami j faster k' 1111 I" H " l ' 
In iditniniug It ugth mil emvi 

hip ' 'H> r. l'..-sil,lv it Mi M i. •" 
w, mill nun hi i • i an. u|tsi>li W H ' 
ki t, h a vv ill plait 'h' 'ii'' fi 

wniiM « \pi rii iir,- n.i dillii "Ii v* 
uting tin in . 4itd i vi n lint li ii>i si: 
iisrfnl in in, construction o< >■•*■< « v 

roofs, vvlitti 1 v a littli though) liwl 'I I 

cation tin mri^inal grain dri»witt>s* ew * 
iitili/etl fin ili - name lairptn*' IlipiUW 

I Hill] 1 lit. I . 11. aim. I nt old IlllilUjj lM' 

leugth, I" m Is, hrvrfs id juk- etc-.w* 
in i ii igain nnd igniti discosmn! Hutu!' 1 ' 
inosl i innplii atinl |iuini ><' »ii » '• 1 

I I. 1 1 ■ I nnslel, until one mkhiUI iuitnr*»? 

sUpfluM that i vi i v mi. at , il'JS'Ull ' " 

ilu i mil .I stati -s w is tltorutofhl • fiuai'i* 1 
with thr siilijii't. Vi-i inform ,! '"" "' 
thus,- point! is nilistanth maighl " 

asked f,-r, taking up sj,a , in Till t ,K 
I'l-.sTi u and th-- time "t 'if ■ »Itt**r, 
ni win. h mtghl in- l'l ti' i ciiipkiywi it"' 
with larger resultatotln mft in 
tluill thai nl nlalinn ulrerth full) «* 
pi uned principle* am! pro}" sit kins. 

rbc nil a I wish I., esjiecnll) '"'I'f* 
utniii the mind ol eu< h larrthei Is, " 
.'mtv one to k'ft nil he mii ""I »' , "; 
iiitlividtiiil i'op\ of 'I'lir. Caar n 11 K 1 11 
mouth, ami then file the satim f« i""" r ' 
reference win n perjilexinjj pnhleii»n 

limit him. I mi nl 111- ")"" f 

a course, il i..n.r..lU «tio|ite< b» " 
liimlK-rs, woiil.l rwluct Uu- nei*»>!J 
ttuplicate puhlications »l ' . 

queHtlotM to a minimum, ihett ■!»> in ^ 
iu x the hmrnars m»i* '„, 
iinVterially. witlnml lhc aiklitortai ** 
either lime ot money. 



THE CARPENTER. 



13 




CLAIMS l»AII> IN n-IUM'AKV, 1900, 



»0« 



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s- as in 



The World's Most l-'.-mous Men Were 
of Mumble Origin. 



Colttttiiius il" dfaeowf oi AtbeHca, 

W.l-. (Ill "t il m Ul 1 ■ 

jl t( , mhu "i i" 111 '« hmaortrt, 1 1 tn 

Kiln Lu-, «.i- tin -"'i "l' Ml M»ittn • 

■ It V . 

l ln -n.il i t. in H .li. mi. uisi. Moliere, 
„ , . iln - mi "t .i tupi stl > muki r. 

ti rem 1?, the e* IcIimWnl konmmli mi.it- 
w.i. .,1 "in linn -i "IHVe- 

11, .111, I lll"-l >Hll-tl l"ll- »f I'"l W'l* 

,ii "in i urn n '"i';JH" ■ 
'1 in 1 itwfc i" 11 Hesiwl, .i Lu Nivi '« 

-nil. 

ii l .,i l ,.'.th. 'in-. I'lUi.t.iu.l om> 

tot irfuHttynity. w ■'- •' CMtfcw^ -<"'■ 

yhc i;u'it KMtsUsJi 1'ii.ii'iiir. iit'orge 
Whitfivbt, vrew Ihe Wl of «« innkeeper 

Thorn** W'ii-i>. tin K«gii^> urtfoticv 

1IK ., p- 1 iit.illKHi.ili' ' " 1 . w.i^ lite m»ii Of « 
MMl> ■■ ' "I'.'i't'trrl. 

ViritiVi t' 11 ' B**«t l.-'ti" IWet, was ihe 
H Ml ul .» jmiiut. 

liancc whs .1 sbopk««per'« ion. 



I'IuUUin urn of the KreatcM ul RrmAfl 
1 untie pot-toi ivw- ili< mi of .1 baWcr. 
■J'ln Kn^ljiih 1 ' \ii n^tiijiiii 1 . Dr. Samuel 

|"llil'."tl. \s 1 lln -nil "1 ,1 l.iMil.ili .ilt r. 

I i'.iii 1I1. 1111 tori InitiiUi origin, Tim r- 
||»W U'i.iI l.ri.iiin urn ut lb. liiiilni^ 
jnniii.ilwi. ii ilu- I'liiti-'l State*, awl •' 
;.!!' .11 Miltlil il li .i' li r. 

I'nl'iil Hutu-, tin S' "I'll i"nt, «a» .1 
|ilowtii;)ii m .\\ r-liirt-. 

.Villi, • tn Sli.iki-.iii-. in , "tin ehivi Uti 1- 
.11. «!<»n "I I'.ti^l.ui'l," wus .1 Vootnao's 
-1 >n. 

Ijiljlii I Wil,,|i r H 1- till' -mi Of .1 --innll 

I 11 mi t . 

Willi mi lull, 11 Hrv.tnt w.i-tlii- OH of 

II |ilr. -11 1. 111. 

\).t ill il'l I. Ill, nlll '.I.i • lln jiii ut 11 j»mr 
I n tin 1 . 

- - ■ 

(lie Next Step loward Kmancipation. 

niulfi ih' ni"-i one ron* conditions, mwl 
wI.iim tenure <rf C'-ittiloyint*nt i» *ucti ttwl 
ilir .in -ul ij, 1 1 in tin mil <ir wfritnoi 

eWTJ 1" I1> Im— nr Wttill 1 -ir i|i]h i . 

Ir h ^r.iin'n iny in know tli.u umoiijy; 
".it Evlto Munition n>t < thmugliont tin- coiuii 
tr\ , tin- i'Ka i- ^.iiniiiL; groUIUl thul it i- 
iiivt««r] in time of jx-ace Loprcpure for 
A.ir. iinl tlt.ii ilii- jirejmrHtiofl Hn{jimvi«!« 
fllJC a *u'n»tH»*l*l m.i-ur\ tile >;re il'. -t 
faot«n hi oliUiiuing just ami fair dealinjpi 
u nli. mi incurring Ute inn— ity fur war- 

ih, trimt' li'- ii"« arrivnl wlu ti nnr 
fellow-wortoerfl -hmil-l hve<I the n^WKUti- 
timi- "f thoKV WlWi ItftVl ]ii— ul thfOUJ{tl 
lit. leveral stnue.* Of tin- Utixri KtfURgle: 
th.ii ih. ; tliottbl cWnrly nmlenmutd ii i- 

iiii i'Miy in j»y lii'jln r dttCS iul" tin 
nni'.ii "t' their Inule im apdur that thej 
nwj enjoy tin- utrtttj advantage* which 
ilu trade union term "i organisation 

lllaki - J" 1— il'k . 

Thin. udvantaj(0i .in "i* two kind*, 
which are ^cnentlty known a- protective 
tittil licnevolcnt. li i- "'it alotte our dttty 
tn provtife "iir-i Ke- with protection when 
engaged in conflict, such a-- kick-out nr 
strike, '"it we ' i " inornllj IjouikI to ptty 
."tin .,Mi'iu,"ii t'> Ui" .1 tui-iiaii- t'nr which 
Ihi !■• 1- t-.iin inuti'iti "ii 1. mil other than 

lln tr.i.li tiiii"ii-- whiv'H m.iki ]H"i i-iini. 

I 1 a ni-taiiii Mli" caren t'"!' llie wnrkef 
wftcn nmuudoyed, ex£e|>1 n «« ihoae 

II nil- union* win i-» tiiiiui'ir- have made 
provinion in season l»y payinK high diKsi 
f,n an "iit-"f-wnk l.iiu fii.' [u truth the 
Unionn ><i "nr tr*ie» sliwikl f»e frtJr -tv- 
in^- li.iiik-.. nnr inaurance -m iiiie-. t" 
protect ami defend us agaiiurf each ami 
every ntudnp whiclt may befall ua an 
worker*, as citixena, a- nu n, 

in short, we conxider u in lie incuot- 
hi ut niMin n- at tin- preaent }uncture to 
,li ej»re thai it 1* tl"- manifeal «l»ttj "f the 
worker* to p»} highei due* in order that 
tin tt.i'K union inaj be recOgni««l aa a 
-in 11— t'ni nwl pprnwneni lualiUtlion 
which will secure tin- wiarkera 1 rinlu* 
nut um t.iu mi (ifHCtical Inn - i'"i preaent 
inH-Uomtioii an*l l4dH*r*n final enwucipa> 
11. hi. . t>n> > ii im AS •/< miit*uitti 

\i.r Inlaw im ten "r twelve how* of 

(hv .l is ; how can WHI l'm<l time In i-ilu- 

,ai.' jfouwelvca? Tlu- greater number i.f 
Mm icarceh cam enough tn maintain 

imiiM-Ke- ami ynur I'.innlie-; how e.nt 

Mm find nu. ui- i" educate youraelvea ? 
Tin frequent ittterruption and wncettain 
dumtion of yotir wrk canaea you to 
alternate exceaaive IuIkw with perioda of 
UHeneaa; lto« are yoM t<> Hcqttiw l»Wta 
rd order, regalnritj ami aaaiduity ? It i>. 
i hen fine, nee'llnl that >nur material 
conditiojl should In- unproved in unler 

that you may morally progreaa, it is 
naceamry that you should Labor less, so 

thai yOH may eutiseeraU' tORte, luuirM 
everv da) ID your -mil's imprnvenieiit. 
—Mr.ziiuii "Oh tht Duties 0/ Man." 



Things to be Remembered. 

TllMli mutilli- ill -iin-.T- -iiniil-:' nu-tiilict 

tn |qm .a i" m&M 

-11 H*\ nil. Ii'li'ln •• ,1 ill, 111' , Il 11^- Hive- 1 1 If 
-.i>i! nil- 1 * -I t" I In- t'OiOH 

Ml \tiii K , Jiniii; "IT I" .unit lii'i 1 il , -Imnlil in- 
jit. n iili-il Vi 11I1 .1 . 1' niiiin t c&ni 

\li In. -il tii';i-iin 1- HhrmM l»' iniili-t li'imls 
,1 in I tin- 1 ii.ll.l- li In! » 1II1 lti>- |j I, - ul' ut "I tin- I, I" 

Tki -mi- rrj«rt» »hoold in- prrpnfed -rmi- 
nniin.illi nwl int vi .mil il in lln 1, '1 Hionttl 

Hrc rurntilivit itr.- i.n llmi luirtnav 

ai i. . Imtui-i m Hifrptiittw -1. "i 1 in in- |irnnii»Uy 
rrpofti .ii" I'" 1 • s t . ami namt ami aditrrai "t 
thr flrw -,'iI'I.iti *h'HiUt li* fiww»fi|i*l, 



1.1- 111 lln im. .ry-.nl" 'I 

it \\ lll-tl-vi-l 1 ml HI4> ^' ■ 
-i.i lil) I>'-I1Y!|K 111 -t.ll.'ll 

ilii-v will n<t<l iii in* niMrnathol your 



• ik < . 1 -. 1/1. tin- Cm |'< 
tuMtr. 111 unit vti iniii 

Until |ini.iii m«wiiaip ' 
. .. 1 n-i.iti- 

1 in. .ti 

I.i 11 in- f..i tin fiMirral flffic* -limil.l In- 

»ntii n "ii offivtal a<*e |<apn iitt»lt»earth« wal 
.a ilu- i r ui l.'nion ' ii"ti 1 Mini letter* to the 
t». s r r. "ti monthly irpi>rt I'I.'.hk-. n- -lu-b cnta* 
ni'ini. ,iii"ti- an- no) in propr* shftfie 

Vtt innnt-jn rccitivisii by lb« O 'V "in- wimth 
ttre i"iiiit-hi-'i in tin- ti.-* 1 motiOVw ioiiouil 
M .m . - i.ii-i i'1 cannnl iniMiahtMl in tin- 
-«.iiiTi.it ii,. -.Kin Hiuntlt thej ate ncetvnl. 11 
l»Vr* nomv time t,. nuik« up tJitr repurt uitlpnl 
il intn lv|ii- 

I'm "lily -i'!i *my I" -t-ii'l ill' aii. y 1- l'\ pQnl 
"lin t- iii ,iit-y "nli t "t hy Imalc i link >n drafl 
. ■ — r- 1 > 1 1 r«-' I by the Constitution. TheO 8 T 1- 
in a rcvpousthlc f'ii moncj -»ni in .m> "iin-i iraj 
ji.. 11 1 -tini loo** vaahoi puntagv htatnp* In pny. 
mcnt "i" inx "i- f..r any Lill ilm- lh« ''. S T. 



1 i.k uty own put. I would not sell 
even an oM oa that had labored fur me; 
much less would I remove, for tin- sake 
of a little money, a man grown Old in my 
sereice.- Ptatitrtk. 



CUT THIS OUT 

Hundred* of C«rprnieri pmiH the b«t 
booki printed, 

HOW TO FRAME A HOUSE, 
or Motiie and Roof Framing 
by OWEN B. NIACIN N IS 

It 11 h fi.i ii A. ir., ,n on the lat«it and b*it 

n.'il. '."' laying fratnins and rsmng timber for 
boutcs, t vrther ivkb simple and easily liadtmnod 
sy*lein 15/ Rmif Kiamin^. ihe whole in*ke- ■ handy 
Hid Willi "I'l lied bojls for i-Bfpenteri, btih Mieh 

mil jiiurneyii.en . 

eONTENTS.--Fiii I. 

i hapter 1 iitner*l dtatnpti'.n of Halloan Fratnti, 
Kr*roti -ills and their cumawnCf ton, 

Chi|iier II Fir^t floor Helm* "r Imjii, Stury 
Sacttotta, Set .m l t mot Hums. Suid' ing, F'mming "t 
!>i. .r an. I Winduw llpeninss, Wjll f alei and RooJ 
I imbers 

Cnapttf Hi. Laying "ut and W.,ikini; Halloen 
traniei, Girdeta, SUn, Pom nn.l Siudding. 

Cliapter IV. Uivin.- oui First and Sacoed Flour 
Joist! nr Beam*. Ceiling junta and Wall HlatH. 

(Chapter V. I,n :^ nut anil Framing tbc knot 

Cbajiter VI. Raising. 

PART II.--" R""f Kr«iiiini[." 

PART III. 

H"« 1.1 Frame the Tnnhers for a Bnrlt Kouae 

t'haptei ]. (ienttal Daacriptiaot Fillt Story Fire 
prmif Floors. Studding aod Wood Floor Beam*. 

t'hapier II SecnJ and Upper Story Ueama. Par 
ttticini, Hiniein^ and Angular rraming. 

Chapter III Fireproohns Wood Kluori Pariinoa* 



Kooft, Bulkhead* and From* 
W™d *nd Iron ConvrilMion. 
Heavy Beams and '.mien and Ran 



and I KMfa, 
Chapter I V. 
I 'hapier V. 
Chapter VI, 
inj; Same. 

Chapter VII How to Frame a I.igl'alnn. 
I he work it illtislraled and aiplamcd tiy iiiii Bo 
Ijr^e engravings of bouse*, roofs, at«,, and. imund to 
doth. 



PRICE ONLY 

ALSO 



- $1.00 

"Roof Fuming fflade Easy" 

This splendid booh i-ontain* 37 ' hapten and tn 
gravins* sod i "vers tbc ennrr mbjetl It* prtte ti 
only Si. on Hound in cloth with giU utle Kury 
Carpenter should have one. 

A practical arid canity cinprehended eyitem or 
lajriltg nut and framing rooO adapted 10 modern 
building tonairtt tion. The method* ate made dear 
and itticlbgible with extensive eiptanatory ieac 



IN ,1'REI'A RATION 
Price - - *■ 00 
*' How to Measure op Woodwork 
for tiuildiriffa.' 

An ciuautdve treatise, ihnwmg how to figure up all 
the woodwork required in Uriel or Fraoie Ho 
llluitrated by over ij., rD4n.»'n g i with 1 

last. 

^end Caah m Nal ( )fEi* Order to 

OWEN B. MAOINNIS, 
no West u«th St.. Now York City. 



14 



THE CARPENTER. 



V>u.n; America** la-k. 



U l! }iU-fll.- -i' -' n» ill. I'.IUI'J 

\iik i ii- iii~. interested iji titoM thing* tliai 
iirC luitifrtg om ivi:initi t< *[•■ % ii 
\a tile \n"",!ti |iin|ili who n;tl \,! Ii.i.i 
In ill il Willi tbr iiiilu-.i i.il ! i •. i i'"Hii hi 
f.i i ■tiulit .ilmiit lo capttaliaw, whirli i- not 
nnuh imin-ti ial I • ; : t al-., politii |1 
-uri.ii. 'I'lii' uMii in. ii -i i in mvtl t'i 
cope will) it. The) -i n 1 '! hi I; ** iii'l 

i .ill fl illllill il t.. fl i! l .! . 

! '.jinki' ihi .1 Ii' i iltHj hi i li< in w 
pOWCfti ttllli'h \m'.-1umi. ' .I'll' Hlll.sl 'mit 

cmifrotit the gigantic i - i«iit!.ii;,tt' :i- >»1 
capital, ihv i i it-|n ii.iMi .ii .it - ! tin It . » 
n liiili u i\ i iii-t-iu'i conn .Hi" i \:-' i i , . 
I 1 1 i i'iiitU i| m am hi i'ii n i tin ' i m - -n ng« 
i-;.illl-l i hi !i> i" w 111 ii |aK«! t . 

i ttgilgi .1 .n tin- (Win . nil rtuw I, hiii' - 
«i ll i-. manufacturing i.iii mi ii) ^. 1 
'.mi! -h.-i Mi. ■ »] i"n>i' '. i' i \ ..I i]i 
tt-uVi'i- in i—, - nihil i ilii- .iiiini i •.. It-ii,- ii 

gtjftte ..I tiff-. 

Ii i- > mm- \HH i iea that ntfl i !** i ullt I 

■ ■in. 

.\ tew incident:* led tin !>■ .'rink l„ii 
young Atui'i ii i i- |'.. ; .n itiv fo *?rviei . 

I li.i.l UV<) imkiii •'.'. ii \:-itn;. oin 
ii.i;. n ecnltj . '"'ill "I Hi' 'ii VOUUg :in 11. 

Oni i if lln in. ,i ci "tlegi tn ii'.:- i .-•••i V : 
t i -Ii!!. .1 ir .i'ii- Hi Which tjlt Tw ,lV*i • '" 
ploVetl i \ct il ! lnm- i mi u v. ii — 
w.iv;i - liiti' Tiiini!\ lifir, CU1 In in. 

■ sit- in ni . ' rnl dollar* .i ni l k, 

Tin i had no orgmtixatioa. and isvi 

lln < >f >i m< tu till 1 ill It ili.il tint i m 
mtil ni' :i litiiuti . Tin' I'.imih rg •n- 
..iliuii h.i- lutn lnv-'iin tin- Vivtk in i 
factor) i "in lining over .i thou -ami h ni i- 
and tin- sjjjrtsjtto that lln w.iu« . ut* r- 
will tint 1 it- alili In use l Hi ii ktttfv in .'•! ' 
iii' iii'.ii- :'n iiu lln - ■.inn . 

Tlli' other v niliii! ill in Interested htt' 
;i- -mill .i-. Ik- loll I III' llCWn- lltl I "t 

.in okl'time labui -in tki-r whom i I .•; 

known .in-l win i had eii-a- 'I ni ii - 

(•il '..llm! liyllt- M'hlCh I lllltl 111 tlli' 

Win n I la-i -aw tin t.iiln t, biggaTd "■! 
-iniinkf 'i, full ut gtoriou* i in'ni i i in, il 
w i- a tilRe "i -t'«i ni .in 1 -p. - , 1. 1 |t( 
w i - -jii ■ lUm.y lo i -m. ill crowd from tin 
i.iil end at ■< i in ih - tlowt*rj .i ■ 

feW lUl> • 111" Us If >ll l'l 'I'll! utiwl 

illll-ll -t ' 11!^ [thill^ llllllii ill' Villi!- .-', 

whom i '.lint SwiKl.it in-l wiin iii- 
in-l cinnt ni .1-1 . i- iUa\ in- 't' in- in 

follow tin- |ii.it-U]i ill lln -n [j| .i : n 1 ^nml 
father w lm tliwl v In n th« son wa* i -m ill 
i;nl. Will, my '»>>, ii i- a ttuhlinte 
aitttmkitt. Ii i- mirths rjf Michia-1 iii 

Ar-ll.iiiyt-l. 

,V|(iiiii, letter* '"'um In t i in. ni iitu-lli- 
-t nt luting nn ii, -niin ilrtiruu* n| tihl mt« 
iiij^ knuwK'ilm . i t ■ • I ml' n>an.\Hiil« i>i ! ..i :i 
«h.it tin \ '-.ni il«. i.. In l|i Hit n struggling 
fi'llnw- in k >-i ii tli h ir<|fthi]is i,i hit in 
•i-i up fairer i»itulHioi!» r<*r lalnn ninl 
in i -stiilili-li ,i in tivi ii p i il ni'1 ni ial 

■ H'lit, Will, ynuHK tnvi lliink U over tfw 

\ I'lll M-K I 

Vet .in.iin. S'Uin tttiii .!-'• I u:. , .i-ki-il 
in. i iiui iuiv"! working ivoiuenat \*lm li 
the MjH Mkii- wert in Li - I tln n mi n t \. 
A l tin meeting I ll u nci to »JJtVI In - Im 

two y^ung wntiii-n which for i wie^nejft, 
..luiinlin--.- oi i'. owning and depth m path 
nif*« wens unit' Butpawwd in my expert- 
eoce. Tin young workjngwomen 
t|nivered under tin.- unt-rgy ut Uieir feel- 
ing, and their voicea win |jkc >iu lt 
triunpeta on a battlcfiekl. 

I refer tti tin- few isiKen Inn- spoke n of 
merely for the purpotwi of Kaying thai nut 
man hut! j^ihhI hope !u! the cause of tin- 
rights "f laimr vvhen it is taken up heartily 
by young men and young women, These 
young people are freah; their blood ami 
hrai n an* livi ly; they are n.it yet troubled 
with dyapepifia; tin y are ufteu brnye. 

Welcome, young men ami young 
women!- -John SwiMtvu in «Vw i'crk 
Worll. 



Siniilir ami Vet Different. 

\ Il ll-t I- a linih nl i ipil l|W - W !l" 
Imi ■ i.|i| nni'il , ..mini ,.i ill. ci- m fll 1 
.-i 'ttain line n! hUsiot'"rt 

A tr.nli union i- I Le ii "' WOT* t'*"'»1 
y.ini iii in 1*1 Hail! Clltlttol n' tin w ';i - 
l>anl I'm a n i lain kftbl "i skilli I kir«oi 

So i at iln IrUHtliii-slfi'ti ntmi sm . - I 
'. h in 1 In- nun ui in niakinn I- i'; ml I 
rn.'h, li. i'.tiiM' tin I. .iii not l* Ilkinv l 
tall-t- a- lln-'. i .iii- w i >i kiii;::)! 1 i".l fl 
i i-'i't ti ■ Iti in- lln in tn-. il) ■ 

I'.i-i'iis. .1 t.iJ>Ual'-l f.ltl -ii no i, '■ 

good M 111* I'i'i'kii f.lni. ih»>ns.uiils oi 

'.vnil, i« ii, mi llniik |ni lln •!!-.,; . t.lll 
i.e1if\e a'V olil ttttnK tlt< U>r» tllrt!! It'll** 
lln in. 

Tin 1 1 i .n't i capital) ; n Si « \*»'il 
w In i wi utMn 'i tutitp hit* i t'.n>i t 1 ' 1 nil 

t:ii'"!li 'ti na- >?ke»l win' it Mould K»kl 
li ilf a lifcttruv to — i I illi Iii m Hi - ■•! 
tttlfottHUI ' spl iiiu-i! In nun niin n. ..I it 

ilto*j . 

it t tki - I'liiv-i i to I'ompii th" o>.' .ni 
/aiion of union* th.iil il t" fi«ffil i 
ti-u>;,1iUi whi 'i tiui>>iiirsni i*. Jt'rttctv*! n 
will !■ -.in ■a*ongk*>i wg»utWu<«n ill t*hn 

l> * T" 1 ■ l . 

Tiii \ I ingh 'ii-: w In • ! in-li i '-' Tin 
CmtM*. an knocking n« righ! itml \ it. '«!.• 

! pill in a limvVil .■ illll \ Imi -min- I .1' 

in *li. in \t ten ■ i ii t'.i . HI find tmi 
tli.it ii i "ot iln ItegotiTing '-n in i .--li 
oi i race that i i V » - t i ■ i jn i ■• . 

I'tiii.i'ists I...... ** it'i i! lie '.to:'.! i- .|. 

nn n| I i" »>' : ,1'u I i - - (hi ii" 

Clow, 1 Up llnii l ink- a in I rnlMui ill' 1 l.|«M 

niirUt l iln' mighttes! tru-*' it \"i. ". . 
■a iji I., Imnight tn ;t- km i », 
• lui. i- a grtiat iiiif'ii i. i 'h.i'.ii ' i 

;ni-t ain! a llUtOU ' tiii-l js T iritti I to 
i-liTi-i-e '.In ji'nlit- nl a fiiw ;n :i u! ■ 

have aiti.i'i;, '.iio".jh it lU'n. »vhil n 

imioii i- formed t" -nim litin- • ,.■ 
for a niirn'ii r '■; itndiTptti i - <rki»t« 
people, 

Tin- pttrp A a trust t- 1 1 * • ! - - a, 

> itun n - an i mills an. I -urn -. itbl t.. iKa 
i li ,r^i i- mill, tin n '- ;,..-.«''. . -.ttiili 

-.*i tin otin i hand iln |wirp" - -.t .: union 

i in retttua tin In ml * *>f 1 ttkw .m l : nn • 
-iti- i-mploynteui t" iln uu< m; I i 

\ Irn-t in-l-/' - i ■ it a- ill .. nl I In 

mall' l capttalitl* i- n cio. awl »'«*rt*'i 
ail tin- prolit* lor a fe< ciiinl', wlwi 1 1 • m 
ih. -iln nn , is lull i union «t|«'it [r>doo' 

10 -mix svorkci in iln trailt iiirj even 
[Mi's. -ilnn - 1«# orgauiM*rs whn - ii'ni 

m int ii"ii nniuiii-t . a }m silik in mO ot 
iln rain. 

A irn-i frequentlj ha- la-en proved 

guilt} oi rOTTUJrtilt)J lln !. •_■ i Utlire itnl 
emigres lirilihtg right atal K it |o uusn 
wMtrc 'nil iiitoii^ii Mrhi !i jnit milliiiu!* in 

11 - nun pocket*, till- tradn uitt'Uli m 
a i ! - I.- lawful nn in tn - i nn t.-i-li 
1 n at l< it t In inn nijiloM <i ill for tin pom 
Intli i lnl'l in it ki r- in in torie», ni lo! 
- i nl lln W< al i i .mil tn -1. . 'i '1 to. tn 

l ii i - nl H n i \ . 

A UUM ke*1«i I In l''i! in in I 111 'In I: a 

in ii- pi i njx rat toil . tiwl MWtfs itneil 

with a 1 1 l ' 'i M\ stsiry. whtk 1 "nn »n 

hokb opt ti meetiugN, write*i wilt nun 
ut i 'i i in- .li M it nod Irj tin a.»- oi ii • i in • 
itamplllets and im^kts d«K.s t ! i* ■ liexl in 
teach the public the prtneipli ■ f«<i ivhicli 

it stall'U. 

Solici! wi- lian two kind oi trusts — 
[)Ui fi i nn i! in Itenetil a ft w wnav ol i»nli- 
nary |iei»ple, ami iln otttei formed to 
hein iii fifij or-ixtt Dtittimi* ol orditinrj 
] hi ijili-. 

Both of these cannot i m-i fori -a «idu 
lit side, imi there i- mi doubt tluii the 
fitter will Mtrvive. Seitheri ii.. ii iu»v 

doubt as tD Which Of 111 two . the litter. 

/. 1 1 hauge. 

Labor tn the life of life, rhuai i- the 

Way to ilisi asc. 'J"ln- ItighcM 'i'i nt an 
organ lie- in the fullest di*>cliargc* ol it > 
fuitcti«m». 



L'.'iriiCBie ami I'os eft J 



\ . Mi \ii.i'. i i .nn -i' .'''-i'i .' 
fim tt\ l- a ' li •! h. ".. ■ 
\ 

Nisi li • Il it n. . - , • -. | . <i .i 

l„ii, ii'. (<• !ln -in . li -I 'n HI f. ih i' i Hi 
Jilt Li In i i!i .i 
U h n i- i 1 n •.'. 1 1 in >i 11 ; " ■■ • ' . 

Vit, «elJ 

a., i t i, Fi kj i .a t,i , .< ( 'n, 1 1 till ' 1 1 h 
Itt'OI it '• iii'L !' 1 1 : If hit tH.tf t* I'lt'lM 

wlm T'rt't f»* wm 

I'm |h, ]„.,,• I ,. M. i'i nl Imi ' ' 

niii in ' 1 .| " ' in i h ii in i i in pi ihwu 
tn i .I* , -.h 1 1 1 ■ It ■• i : i-i' (in rich 
^nailing ' '''' ■ 1 1' i'ii*. i i ■ . ■ ' • I ■ • 

; .Ji.'i ii'.l ! KM fU.li.1 I "1 Ii 

I III | In Uotltll Ol' IVti'lIM ' • • 

T i H i'l"» 

I'.... ■ 

Villi «M ■ 
. ■, . ■ . ,i 

... I (|| l„ ' 

tin) 

|! U tll.lt .1 til ll l!' I'I II . '.. 

tin \fi M .■ nil -i ; fl, . . | fuji! 

i if J i. Ilf ! I * - 

U i \-,lin w ill.. 

mi nun i 
•i nia i .•, in i i- - • | , rimv 1 ' ■ Ii 
, ■ ■ ■ 

!' .... 

■it .it. ij i h .1 tn .a. I Ii list I . 

• , . . ' ... 
I'll, t i. I ill it ||l ' fll i :n 
-]>:! i 1 In • at. 1'. i. - a'--; . ' i . ' 
in .till''-- oi I ■"■ I || - f KID o] '. 

i-i li — I I' ll If - ni'-; i 1 

t i. ti.l . !!l Ih' - i '' ;! -■',-,-',!' |15 til II it , 

nn t, il^oblv 

>nt!i -i e Win a ' '. 1 tin V\ S|l \ : i 
t inn jiil nn 'In i , ■ i .... i ■ , 

tin ill . '"a [tfidi : ; i ik . • 

lum, si- iiin.i intli n ' . \ . 

M ' ll' HI -! i'i.- n.i ..', ' \ mi .1, 

lorn li ami nnh i;.; • a it) t rhi 1 .'. .| 

hemagi ■ i i-.n !:■ r.ik f> nit (It- 
wort h oi iftfai a i ' i' . ' thank an um 
Ninlv! Ji twill >**jo-J t.-i i umtnttit 
pteiiMiri nk \ i|. ,ii.n -t , ,■ -l, , ■ .| ■ . 
lln nn . nn n mi. .) -t ,;| ).,;, . ,,1, • 
Nun- will' mIi i i:i- l r i0] K 

• h m-i In • until h -I. - iiltii k in, (hi 
l'l' i-n* -a ].n ., . .. , ,, ,, ., i ;,,,', 
i|> ill. il -' wor ill ol ;.. ■ . . : i \ . 

\'i - 

N'oli . Illl Iltl lit, ill • III. I, , .- .fl hut,.,, 

ilia: have u i li heap* -I up..-. Inn, '. i, . 
I- ml- - ii. In -. Hi- . mi || nig > from In 
•thoiiMi i \ ]n-t a . though ii had in t n 
made ' s)"i— i , tot him v. ith ninl , 
t. tti a- miwttug < ih iln mi . t-, ,a it 
Hi- iii ' km i - ■ : • i-ht Mluf-i t ' it, | ttn,\ 

l"'-' - hki i i, i i|, ,,| M ;, ||, in,, ; j„ 
i i"ih. 1 in- t 1 1 1 1 1 ... tt , 

^*"t' thai i nn i - ii ii.i h i ()(! i ,,,, i 

hp. Thai tta- tali' t'ti h\ i ifyi i i n 

Vi - ' nn • .. nit) • whik • n^-a -.. ii rn 
carry i tig i jtwr sjioouf ul o| H'tntiltntttig 

•"'il' to ii- n iiiiin il .i .i i , ton 

broaghi imn thai *u i mtdo* . . n ,,| 
ihoiighth —u kit I nl tin . i .., 

mn "-a i' |iig ni imn. Th, i , ,j 

him in kxM i mil, ,,1 i r j tin s| |, », ^| 

in« v ai ami u enter, .| mi" i heart;) wu 

lal.'.i . am with a n il, in- ,,,ul .,1 hi- i Inn. 
M I'" -aim tiftic- lln wim i ,|, 

liyhn-.i totegain its freedom, put an j>* 
-' .ti mi ,, hemrfiti in .I i ihlei kah. < th, 

tin i nr-i of gold ! 

Some »k»j when yog .m wyarj with 
ba Liu- in th,- beautie* of ton, 1,],.^, ,| 
heiiugc s-miiL-r mil, th, privutc. uffict 
"f John I). Rockefeller. |oln, ttin 
tifki-.i into a frenxy to nee you. Wcof 
ilu- Mi s,i-,i Itcritage art s,, so 
*elfwh! We n. t. r think -,f ntnning in 

b*« to shake a .Int-ilav ami cltoei 
'"in up will, „„r exciting lillK slmit-s of 

borne life, If there's anjthlug John i„t v s 



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tht world' Ut tin i.H i , iep 'anri 

I lOUt, It li il i 1 1 , liMms i ! ' ' ' 

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in«Ut upon \oitr nttht* whfl< - 

il,. al.! thai - lia ,• .in-. . Holt i \f6 

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li. II I |i I' rniinillg Mill! -tit I nil! l'l' ! I ' ' 

Tin ii bevel wa* i turn l« ■-' aw " 
p t nisi, ni original i"!. > ti i " iuim Ii ; " 
demaurl a- ihim . '1 In natub | ■ -">' " ■ 
nerve It*** man ha- little -ln,u id tl« In** 1 " 

llllC, llll-lllU- i.tutl'l ',1 In ,| ll . Ill l'"' 

twentieth centun a man mni*i ettnw 
|atsh ot he |iiisln il. 

Kverj inn- atitiiin - tin m hi *!«♦' ''"' 
as„',t in. righta and ll tin l " lu r '" 
demand ami lake them n ih B» J 
No one can reaped Ihe man »h»< : "ik- 
in the rear ami apologiM'!* f*« ;:| _ 
wurhli Nrgativc virtUeii ari ul iwiw 111 
winning one'-, wat. li '- lit* 
man, the man with original nierg) 1,11 
puall that forgf- to iln froW S#er(*i> 



THE CARPENTER. 



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nit. r»»l inf ii 1 1 , . iivj t mi it 
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IUI III 1JHIH I |jt,W III III ' 

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IB BY 28 INCHES. 




THE SQUARE ROOT 
DELINEATOR 

OR KEY TO THE STECL SQJW - 

BY A.W. WQOD3, 

GIVES IN PLAIN FlCUfftS THE LENGTHS, 
/fays, FfiSES, PITCH, DEGREES. CUTS AM 
UEVEL6 EOff EVEN AND UNEVEN PITehlA, 
HOPPEff CUU, BOAffD MEASUffE ETC 

6tMT POST PAID. PRICtSI.OO 

B0X884. 

™ E CARPENTER. pM)tAD£LPHlA,PA 





n UNOis. 



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ALABAMA. 



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W \l.hSi K -Vll ill' - ,\Ui 

IOWA. 



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KANSAS. 



VI11. 1 n 1 1 s 1 VI \[ 11 r | '. 

|iu.a V Flirnhmnti 

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THE CARPENTER. 



MARYLAND. 



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MASSACHUSETTS. 

\|.1S'*- Minis >li« iri.'V. -I I ll""-l. -1 

Rorrtx; hctTvltiri ''i l*tal Civiim,!!, ii 
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MICHIGAN. 



AM'I V V— It I' kiili A I Hi I'.lU ;l- -t 
flAV ClTV— K li. fifties, 21* V lilt Mi A -I 

in in. .ii— r s, lurduii, K7S Reanfaii tivi 
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mi * k I M . st .tk. ll Mnraltall 

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TllAVKMHI CltV-»J I l'1-tliilf. "JI7 Vf. I«*ll 

MINNESOTA. 

i it 1 1 in - John KnoSi itiix Jx! \\- iiuiiitii 

MixM will »•» - I,;itx StllU'<','J»4l| > £ln<l -I 

K i ii I. vk i I- \i.tM -N MMhria 

si PAt'L— Jiela Johmoti, tut Jlurtlii -t 



MISSOURI. 



ti.l'l in— J. K Wf, k-. 

KAWBAi* CITY— J. V. Chntlin, Ji'ur.itk .im 

kikk>viiii— w ii WrlllMimi 

si inM I'll — w . Kimmrrmali, l.'j; n l..tli 

— S.llllll I OttlW * I.I M"- 

sr (.nt'lH -sVin'liirv "I In-ttiit Ci.uihiI. 
k i in Hi . mil Marki i -i 
njei OhntirN Thittnw SKIHViciM -i 
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A W Wnrr, lll:i n iiilnun nve 
iSlaimi K Rrii|{fl p (iiatitt, 'jStf> WarM-n 
\\ i khCixa— W, Bmurtcttcr. 



MONTANA 

\v iciimim (' W Sim (. Mom J>* 
Hi r 1. 1 n i , *. [ohn I'ower*, Una til 
Id I II ti I 1 -i i. II. i hull M, Bos >•-■ 
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in 1 1 n.v ii i smiib, 11 r.i .'itti av« 
Mis-di'LA— t . White. 

NEBRASKA 

l.iMui.N i- A. Have*, ilfis {Kith nl 
1 1 m mia M ii Mil.. tun ii, .'Mi Otant »i 

S. UMAHA -S. S]«.1U( S DBlttba. 



NEW JERSEY. 

A-.I1CKV I'AMK- rWllUaffl H tilll Jl' . x 

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11 \c 

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ii .. h i x-. vi k K m I'aUrti, i ii-i and 

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tin mi sm i-. i<»i Mni -i 

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OHIO. 

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OREOON. 

jii ii , s m iMit'i ||pi: k-i«un i. » i» 
PENNSYLVANIA. 



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li^HHBMiLVt 



THE CARPENTER. 



. . . MOfWUU'S . . . 

Perfect Sam Sets, Bench Stops, Punches, Etc 




itt-6. No. JOS7* 
THADR 

©isne 



fit in Trutlr Murk 
- m.kh/h'iI ma nil 

H.tM ,S»(s .V- til lift 

>r.in/M are Hpfctml- 

:,. s my tn.ikr. 



CHAS. 

S3 

Warren St. 
New York 

St ml for I'rh es 




Nrw York, 



P. & F. Corbin 



Manufacturer* of 



Builders' Fine Hardware 

925 Market Street 

PHILADELPHIA 



PHONE No. J 73 » 



S\W FILER CLAMP AN Ii 
fJSI CoMI'LETE. TO FILE 
V0\ R OWN SAWS 




A ! »!.■■ fft- .• Vuv 

« II :. jfj tiii] tie 
•III J leant* For 

resist*. 

,1 L J t#. - T •! . ■ Bl«U< 

E kiirn & 

KKO. Nm Ovford 

Feu-ut. 




Carpenters' 
Took 

HAMMACHER 
SCHLEMMER 
& CO. 

209 BOWERY 
NEW YORK 



WM. P. WALTER'S SONS 

1233 Market Street, Philadelphia 

HEADQUARTERS FOB 

The Latest and Most Approved Tools 



SEVEV'S PATENT MITRE SOX AND SAl GUIDE 



SASH WEIGHTS 

E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use Inferior Sash Weights when our goods can be obtained from 
any good Hardware Dealer ? We claim for our goods, 

HONEST WEIGHT 
NO LUMPS OR FINS 

ALL WEIGHTS WELL CLEANED AND PLAINLY MARKED 



Special Weights 



Made as Ordered 



W* respectfully uk that our food* be specified 




Kick it out! iu 
- ■. I- sa 



(r.1 



If jour furnace it unsalii factory 
why worry t " Have one pot 
that ia guaranteed to give 
tbfaction. The 

ACTIVE FORTUNE . B d 

SPECIALTY FURNACES 

dive GREAT HEAT and require 

LEsS FUfcL 

than tnv other mukrs They 
burn Tea Co il also other kinds 
of coal and all its ^ases, end are 
the most economical for the 
house kr eper There are thou- 
sands in use iu Philadelphia 
homes They are sold by 
dealer! generally and may be 
seen 111 operation at the 
BolldrrV Exchange, 18 S. 7th St. 

Sen 1 your name to the maker* 

Thomas. Roberts, Stevenson Co ,, 

for Illustrated Bouk'tt BuH*io, N F. 




accorate 
Basilj 

Adjusted 




Compact 
Simple 



Price, $2.00 



UNIVERSAL PLANE. 

INCLCOUM I 

Moulding Plane, Match, Sash.Chamfer, Besding, 
Reeding, Fluting, Hollow, Round, Plow, Dado, 
Rabbet, Filletster and Slitting Plane. 

No, 55, Universal Plane, $16.00 

WITH 62 CUTTCHS. 

tW~ The I'lane i% Nickel Plated ; the AS Cutler* are 
autnged in fmir teparaie me* ; and the entire 
• until M peeked in ■ net Wooden Hot. 

SOLO BY ALL HARDWARE DEALERS. 




Price List of the Rai ley's Pure Rye 




arBen 
YhIIdw 



9 .75 

i.on 

1.25 
1.50 
1.75 
2. DO 



BAILEY'S 




Brawn Label ... 

Black " ... 

a ... 

" ... 

Perfection (12 years old) - 

ENDORSED BY ALL PHYSICIANS 
OF PHILADELPHIA 

Huey & Christ 

1209 Market Street 

1 PHIL ^ELPHIA, PA. 




^OVERALLS 



W 



THE CARPENTER. 





LANE'S 



HALL 
BLARING 



Parlor Boor Hanger 



Hail Bumwi 



Combines all the Valuable Features 
of the LANE STANDARD " with the 
Best Form of BICYCLE BEARINGS. 
Ask your Dealer for LANE HANGERS. 
and send to us for Catalogue. We have 
other goods that will Interest you. 



Lane Brothers Company 

422-54 Prospect Street 
POUGHKEEPSIE, N, Y. 




The Atha Tool Co. I 



NEWARK, N. J. 

Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 




WILL PULL A WIRE BRAD 
Best Material Best Shape Best Finish { 



FIRST-CLASS BOOKS. 

Cheap, Practical and Useful. 

Modern Cakikntiiv ami Dimi, mm.. Syl- 
» alter II IW 

THK Hrll.l>fcK'N GVItiK AM> EsTlM ATI ill's 

Pklc'B MouK. Hodgson .....! 00 

Thk Stkkl Hiikahk, ami Hiiw nt U»k It. . I W» 

P»acTICal Cahi-i NT«r, Hodgvm l wi 

Htajh-Bi n.rn v,, M*r>K EahT. llodgwn . . 1 l>0 

Band Raiu*u Mauk East 1 •» 

Thk CarpkhtkhM awi> BuiLDtB'a rimn.KTB 

CONPAICIUP - M 



T, J. Mi-CMKE, 



l'a. 



ARE 
YOU 
A 

UNION 

MAN? 

THEN 

STAND 

UP 

FOR 

THE 

PRINCIPLES 
OF 

ORGANIZED 

LABOR 

AND 

WEAR 

UNION 

MADE 

CLOTHING. 




««t jour dealrr to bur taw* (uoda— he'll do 11 fur Urn ukini and euull help (he trwlOH 

we'll ft-nd T..u tape nifuur<, iamplee and wit maajureinrni Man*, »ltb ■ dalm? t t|« ,.(„, 

« . a _ * i _ _ . __ J ku..k 



HAMILTON CARHARTT & COMPANY, DETROIT, MICHIGAN, 

lha firm that it mikir | t Mi'S MADE i lotting pupalar 




CO 




We will make yon to order a penknife 
like cut above, with jour picture and 
name thereon, with chamoia cam, for one 
dollar, or a big two-bladed Carpenter! 
Knife with German aiWer cap, black 
handle, 75 centa, or tortoiae ahell handle, 
one dollar. Bladen warranted to stand 
coping. 



E. LOCKWOOD 
190 I'opUr St. 




FOR TUN A WROUGHT BRONZE 
DOOR and WINDOW 
TRIMMINGS. 

FOrTUNA lock sets 

Hade op with Stael Mortiea I-ock». Steal Sliding Door 
Lock*, Front Do c Looka, Columbia Lock*, 



t 



it. 

no. 

UK. 

f NEW BRITAIN, CONN. 
> PHILADELPHIA 
CHICAGO 



Low in Pric* but Nigh in M*rit 

RUSSELL & ERWIH MFG. CO, 




NEW YORK 

BALTIMORE 

BOSTON 



c4NCHOR "BRAND md* 

Adze Eye Sail Hammers 



LARGEST MANUFACTURERS IN THE WORLD 

FAYETTE R. PLUMB, *2222 

PHIL A DELELPHIA 



ted 



"Stem pel" 
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty, 
Quickness and Power in Action 

Teaud to 400 Pound* and Pally Wen-anted 

fcy 



MASTER BCII.DER8' HICDANC K, 
O KIT ED OAS IMPROVEMENT CO. 
PROVIDENT LIFE AND TRUST CO. 
EODITAfiLH TRUST CO. 
ONION TRACTION CO. 
TO UN W ANA MAKER. 

— .VANIA R. R. CO. 



USED BV 



ACADRM7 OF PINK ARTS. 
KNICKERBOCKER ICE CO. 
PKNCOYD IRON WORKS. 
AMERICAN POXLEV CO. 
OEOROB V. CRR88ON CO. « « ■ na 

H. R. BENNETT 

1217 FILBERT ST. - - PHILADELPHIA, PA- 





\ mthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 



OL. XX. -No. 4-. i 
stablished 1881. j 



PHILADELPHIA, APRIL, 1900. 



f Fifty Cents Per Year. 
'( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



FOR QUALITY AND FINISH 

"Disston" Saws and Files 



CANNOT BE EXCELLED 



WE manufacture 
our own steel and 
are therefore able 
to watch the quality 
closer than any 
other saw maker. 



No. 12, THE FINEST SAW EXTANT 




Write for our 
Booklet 14 Practical 
Hints to Mechan- 
ics M on the Saw, 
how. to choose it 
and how to keep it 
in order. 



HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc., Philadelphia., Pa. 

ALL GOODS BEARING OUR NAME ARE FULf Y WARRANTED 

TA1NTOR 
POSITIVE 
SAW SET 



I ■ '«'n x'.iii tn>l tiwv 

>*'• nmriMli . I \ 

.\! i. whv u»« tiara, 




If « our H.irdivnn i!< nlrr item 
lliil li.imilr ihrin flan t t:ik.i aU 
Interim wt irt.u.M mtttii um 
■aj > a s jusi m k ,b,, i " 

TAINTOR MFG. CO. 

9 TO 15 MURRAY ST. 

-v/ W YOttK 




I iltKONZEBRftRASS 



FOR SALE BY DEALERS IN BUILDERS HAH 



Shtorp Tools Do Oooci Work 




CUT IN PLAIN BLUE ON STUIPtS 

ASK YOUR DEALER FOR THIS COAT IT IS KING OF 
THE BUNCH 



Keystone 
Special 
iuTCoai 



OUST EXCLUDING 
WRIST-8AND 

PRACTICAL DURABLE BEAT 

CLEVELAND & 
WHITEHILL CO. 



Next Month Look lo. 
our R. It. Apron 




India Oil Stones 



MANUFAI irifl.Ii BY 

THE NORTON EMERY-WHEEL CO. 
Worcester, Mass. 

BtoncM Kven an.) Clear Oraitwl throughout 
EVERT STONE Crt-nt Strength of Mnuridl. Adaptability to nil reijuin-d 

GUARANTEED , »bft*» 

ki'iti.irkulilv Cutting qtwlIUM. 

The Pike Manufacturing Co., tout AokxtB 

t'lKH STATION, N. 11. A*. F. Oflhr, 151 Chamber* St. 

Pike's Lily White Washita 

THE BEST OIL STONE ON EARTH 

Imjmria ■ line eil^e ■'"« up '*° K™ " 
_i 1 , mil medium marie-Eni. and hud me- 
dium, line 1:111 K*d! unn. laMltd, l«llio( 
whethea haul or wrft , and g uarantecd to give 
abaolutc »nli»fact>on. I lie Mine Mont ii 
made in g >n^c ilipi and all knecial ahape*. 
All le.dimt hardware dealer*. 
Send i»r beolllM 'he aubjjcl of Olt 
Stii-jb*- H<»w rtih«i.««.T *mi Itsii I nan.' 
Comaininta deacrrplio* <'f thuoil alone* on 
the market, *hut kind t,t ..da In u»e. etc. 

THE PIKE MFB. CO., PIKE STATION, N. H. 





W. S. Thomson 

Solid mimq, Sail), Poor, 811*4 , 
Bad. Cona« and 6row Ctttm 

MM 

(feat, Straight, Tariftj, Moulding And I 



fct, TarlMj, Moulding *m4 
et«rj dtwcrlptiM tad 8l*el 
Cutter Head BolU 



418-420 W. 27th. St, 

AU OrtUra mj Mm'. 



NEW YORK 



y ■ tt"* 



I Sworn Circulation of THE CARPENTER I 

I 35,000 Copies Monthly, f 

t Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, 1 
jj| Wood Working Machinery, Hardware, Lvmber and | 
Building Materials. Also of Special Advantage to | 
Contractors, Architects and Business Men. 



THE CARPENTER. 



IMPROVED MACHINERY 




FOR CARPENTERS, BUILDERS. 
SASH. DOOR &. BLIND WORK- 
ERS. ETC. 

Pat* t tenia f s far tit*' Asking* 



The Egan Company- 

40e to 42c W. Front Street, CINCINK flr q 



New No. C'.. \>r!irnl Sin^r ^pind!* ind 
Pisk Zander. 
Will be found to possess many 
Advantagresand Conveniences. 



"A Money Saver" 

J. A. FAY & CO. 

514 to 534 W. Front St. 

.CINCINNATI, O. 



FOOT AND H.tND POWER MACHINERY 

COMPLETE OUTFITS 

i"ar|x inei »u,l tluiulers without stemii power o*n 

sine KsfuUjr »iiii).el<' will] the l.^rpf ;!iopa by 
u,iot hut NV*r LaUot Saving Mnchmery. 

ScUvn Truil. Sender Vuiafojr"f A. 

SEMECA FALLS *F6. CO 

it HtttrSt. SfHtcaFalU. N. J'„ U.S. A. 




II nJ PUr-i i »"«! 



Will 1(1 ike' iltli' Jollity, '-> ;i - I 1 l>n« W * 
or C<HM >'\. rt i' 1 IfW 'Hit I'l ^ I" : - ,v l>1 - 

t irtrner, < Iwntfer. < from ■ ■ » n»« Rabbet, 
ami J>> i Konerai run »l wnrit* 



WOOD WORi \'G 

MACHINE V{ 

1 ( IK Ait ( lASSES ( i i irk 

... Wit* 
... Invite 
...Correspondent 







THE ATKINS SAW 

In Material, In Finish, In Cutting Qualities 

Warranted the Best 

E. C. ATKINS & CO. 

SAW MANUFACTURERS INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



ONION CAiPENTERS, ATT] 



*^ Tte nUj UIIOS MADE Hand, Back, and Panel Saws, maaHfael und 
la the Called Statoe, are made by 

E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See toe following, from Carpeaten' LdIodn : 
Ta Ik* Cmrp+atmrm of Lke United Btmtem mad Cmamdm : 

Wo hereby certify that the Saw* made b v R. C Atkf na & 
Cm. of Indianapolis, Ind., am Strictly UNION MADE GOODS, 

by 



THE GEM SCRIBER 

i-fui to V,! mi i haw a. « u ivirti >- i *| 
> i.illy. ,ttid ! 1 "i- » i r\ small, i Ml I* 
tarried in tti< vi s>i l"" feel £«' is |w« 
thirds Actual si«i \>U your hwdwari 
ili- ill t (hi ii .hi 1 see that ii " » 
stamp of F. Itrais 4k Co. I ii I irtltcr lrt» 
(ortnatldO . «> i ■ ' i • ss 

F. BRAIS cS: CO 

49 Lindas Street. Cleveland. Ohio. 
PRICE - - - 25 CENTS. 



The New Syi 

OF EDUCATK 

Ii Architect ti 

Arrliii" i bf 
hi* mn. r '» , 1 1 .. * 
leal: 11*11 k< ! ( 
Bnains*! Mi . I 
hur rr) ' ' r . _ 

PttunMng; h 
ikortkaad . »■ . •& 
BisttHHe 

TAUGHT BY MAIL 
0**r so Court", 

,»•! »» t»- •>•! tot (r». . , r . .i.ir., i I , g 

t.,. ...>.;r t ,1. »..u tri' i ti < -r. 

tut UlUltilHM iimkrhiinii t m inoia. 





i »nd is owl 



THE VERY 

Is mac! ri«ht here in Philadelphia i 
everywhere by wise people It i* 
LACiON FtRNACK 
and it it the best furnace becaaae it kitcs innre 
heat to the square inch than any other fWsai e 
Diadr. Its unique 
construction lenders 
this potmihlc. 
"Hlota aboat Htattao." 
will interest and help you. 
It is Pkhk 

TKE VERY BEST RANflE 
la nlao made In Phila- 
delphia. It ia 

THE EXCELSIOR RANGE 



made in s-ven siies and every concetvahle atyte. It 
baa been known to Philadelphia housekeepers for the 
past ;o years aa the very best range 

The 'MA i C" rangt- fills the Id 11 for a small com- 
pact, inexpensive range. Full description sent free 
upon request. 




and ara ifrat-claaa In quality. 



Wo 



A. 6CHLUDER, 

! Ctrfitnleri (Jmimt No. *J, Jntttunapolii, fnd. 

O. O. SMOOK. 

Pmtdtnt Cmrftntmrt U«tn .V* til, /n^j.j/s/u, ltd 
■ patlO for by tew al»kars> Union 

a, eat! 



05 Chambers Street 
NEW YORK 



LYON 

FINE TOOLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

('orrtiicat.-d Face or Hmwdh Fare 
Cbeckfred Rubber Handles «r Eaameled 

W<wnt HitndlPM 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 
TOWER'S CHAMPION SCREW DRIVERS 

|»*«4al Ctaal. TeiUd Tonab Tsmjsr. Solid Ting lid Bolttsf. B*avy M» 1 F*ra!t. Flotid hsadlw. 

BSWARB OF IMITATtOHS. 





the trade mark CHAH.1M0M la ok each blad , 



_ ISAAC A. SHEPPARD & CO., 

1801 North Fourth Street Philadelphia 

Alio / W TOHK l ui ( BALT1ROHR 
( 310 P«rl M, }- a I 91 W. 



Satisfaction 




is given all anmud when the houi 
is triinmcd with Sargent's hardwn i 
The Architect is pleased because li 1 
specified it; the owner is pleased 
e ach time he looks at the trimmii: 
because they add so much to th' 
beauty of the home, and evcrybod 
is pleased with the working of Sa' 
gent's Bftsy Spring Locks. 

S.VKr.KNT ec COMFAKV, 
Makers of Artistir Hardware and FlM I 
New York, N. Y. and New HaVOfl) I "tin. 





\ 



***** 



m 




•, \\ ,nthly .Journal for Oirponters, Stair Buiklvr , Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 



VOL. XX. No. 4. > 
istabl'shud 1881. J 



PHILADELPHIA, APRIL, 1900. 



{ Fifty Cents Per Year. 



Single Copies, 5 Cts. 




I,, , , , ,s . Ti \ i 111 >"> I' ■'' 

1 , hi- -.w t . " )a« II. 1 > l - (I 

i, I ! im bustling he-He <* ud <*ur ranks 
•. ,.h:-. itu M".i-'Hi;. 

j, n ]..s . iu»i !.••> 'i uni«« w** 

,,. mivi d t. . , (Hlj . hill «' I' 1 •' ""' '" '" 

j , .,, t \\ . haw nuts a) -> •' fifty 

• it) r '-H.l -I .ti.Jirv HI'! llMfJ -it'- 

ll il U'-lk, 

I I' i Sun •■ last ftJI ' i N" 

2 < ha« -lorn i \. . I'.i ni W*irl in clli 
. ■ jug it- r i:i V. ft) < n»l ••' Ihi 

tti «< will be.** dmd* I •-' 
I , ■ hiii in ds months 



itet tft>l Thin 



-. . t'.l I- I 



I"" 
ndw 



is: ns\ 

I , pnng along mnvithij h 

N,,t Uill< li Wolk Jll ' «'"•» 
.;<«.! [jm a\ Ufliotl . 
■u u mi 'nl 1 i - »1 < * i ' IIKVUUg 
■M* * - - 

-I MTI M , B C, I I ■■« ■ l - m * 

cn-.i-.uii! ill lit' r»b)p •«'••' ' 
-.-.I wtoas sppM '•'...n- ini hand ■ 
iUemlinH \\« •!• U »«'»«'•• ! " 
I.....il If tin »tr«iitge*l in this - 
•■<- - 

11, )| tow . Th M«J 

I'mihi N-- wpn«] 
(ji i-hi]t 1- Mi ultlj till " ' 
*:\ \ \ li lllll'i - 111 I II' 

null owners read i I 
ration, 



(till Mil 'li 

I ultj 
I H , -it Th> 
it, n "iK'"-- 



iiitu 1 1 i 



i. in.. 
1 (to 
dttiii 



ptfni 

1 

Hid 11 



I* 1 Wl II IV! 'Ml l*dvd HI 

ifti , -il kil 1 .011-1.1. i> 

|ih -.i unuurtsiu hIii] iini 

• 'I - .'1 attUtillll .i'i»'!'l» lit (1, 
Ml i Iftf i » I 1 !!i Ul 1 1 ill- 
; I lliellllit I il ■ Sill 7.1 .il- .Us 



uiiei! which averages -"tit- • >. There ;i 
ii'li-l future (or urn I'liniii, and «t 
at. ilvtcmiiuvH t" tniiki it ilu- >>trouge5t 
aiiil i-. -i hi tile entire ilUtriet. 



wi.rki t- in tin - nise 



I. VU'RI. vv j 

\)--\U -I Hit 1f| • 
lid i-tin.. .1! I hi 

!'V .1 -1 til' 

M Il I » 

uuill in uli 

a' 'i 1 ■ ;.i 



Kan li«»tln » Cabernrall 
KHith, \Vi> ht»U I'ui'li- 
Cuiirl H.i 1-1 hi the i m-h- 

W.l- .1 I.ITL'' .l'.t' ll'l ill' l-. 

villi n»itlt. lirotln r C lin 1 
1 -iitnir.' -\ 1 '■■ li *'Mi4i «ww 



TIit- 



iu I'm*' 111 



; 1 I Ml tin tl ill "1 1."' I'lli'lH 

i.i>.i- !i."A "-in- limi'lti -I Btfiiil»er», 
■[,.! ! Ijiul s]|,miiiu tin .1 jirtlitx 
,1 •,..!! * 1 1 ' 1 .1- ..iir- 1- Tin iti' tii" 

• .itin -t \s < -t k' w in tlfe caosci 

«;..].. -,...!! Im ll.lM f\» V\ l-.tt jH-lltlT 

rtti Mill ■ 



\\ 1 |»*f> 
I '' 1 1 • I -It 



. Il' 



V 



(liruii^li ■ li 
\i. txe ihi 
».! mi'iitl - 1 



. . ■'. tiitti 
llli] 1, |- 
1* u ia« 



VUIi mail v "il have 
,.tii I.., 1! \ iihin 

M.) 1 M I C Ikl'l N ilk. 

• In Ti.- r-.'il 
li i| I.. ,n in iirlj 
»■..;-. inwtfrtji Jllll l1l»! "Ul',."-'r. t..r tir-t 

rUsfrtulitfirl im -1 i.iwi.il K in "in ik 
i!i^. 

\s..i 1.1 • Crt. Wi liave ntiitrly 
. : tjTv'l in- «0h n»e»n>lleil diwi rnn.11 
h -nil in. t* i»i«j< hi Ktitttliers. Ml 



1 

1 .hi 



,, t«l . t .1. .1. tiee wufker* itml «r* 
,;, . tutiiml t.' ...m.tt Hrerj IMMI-ltukMI 
, ,• [n uli 1 to t!n prttM 'i- 1 "- "i f ;-uii' , -i- 

( j, u , [ li- |-i. • I - t'-t tiHiiu- ,111 

-.i-t . 1 III - .iii.ij.'iiij'. 



I ,A|.\ ) sli.S, T( VI- I."' ll ' 

..1 u- I.im meeting in.nl* 1 ihni itiuii "' 
$. In tin- Clin Aj{«»-U-iUi ,n ' 1 • x " 

tin- Ij nit*] j'. utile 1 H"" ^»t»M*l*i 

<i.i Hvm in. cntten< 1 (wtinu " 
Kulitrh 

Vruvn. (>a \\ • ''• 

llt.lkl 1 1.IM.1 it.l. I' i-"" «* " 

.liu.m 1*1 ttM ' IliiHI li- i' 1 1"~ ' " > |s 
IM1W ftltlMJWl < t s iiiu-.'ii. . 'I. WW t'"' 

■v'...m| w.nU 1- Ih mi- ' in " 'I ,n ''' 
(In hin 

- ... ... . 

MVKI . I'.i. Wl I" l»l 1 1 '" " ' 

mutitii. an. I .iii. 1 hunl w*tk wn 1'" 1 
"i "iir iqctttheiv, ri i'-i" -l r ' 1,1 1 " 
profit. \w ,u«- .ill MtiviiiK t--k. . p i."'-ii 
1 11n.11 1 is 1.. in. from, mwI itre - ""ti 
ilent "i muM emi 

H/auKtm, l*» AWtouish «»r|c»niise<l 
bmaihurtttnK Uo«l U ii*h«<ltlt) 
tti'i vitjomun, in iii\ iiverj « i»*-n i» 1 In 
tuecit) rteing « mvialwr. Ml " m 111 

l'<-isiin- itctm K nil. n -I' -I in ll" Mli"**** 
"f 1 lit- iini.m. 

. «. - • 

W'ATi-.kTnv. \, N . Y. N.-nh Ml Ut*l 

1 >rp*nt»n In tin- . m lire 1 nroHtd a* 
iMcmhm til i,". .ii 1 ni< mi J7*« Tin- in 

.linl.s th,. tliopmeil. N'-"l> KWttHTW 

i.t-rs tuiw. Kverytbinn in rnovinu .<u>\i^ 
iMMntUMluWljr. 



T01 i 
iii.-. t in^' 
\t tin 1 



in.ii. ri:il. tin- lira-then nr.- actively iiiti-r- 
f-t.-.l, ;unl there inevwj rt-.i-..n tohellcve 
uiir orirauixatifiii will be a Krvst »ucce9Si 
The contrnctor* aii'l men are in perfect 
ttcconl with each other. 



CmK-H \\\. T' \ i-. \Vt illti'llil tn 
thorOtl^tlH . .rv-ilii/e this town lul'-ri- wi- 

-!-.|.. yhe oriinni/initof the l*ainten»and 
n!hi i irtiihH.ty tr i'K- be hflj'tiil t*> 
tin. Tin- I...— 1- .ire iii nyinpath) wiih 
our nii'M jiu-iit ni'l employ none bttt 
Itnuili in. 11. We hope i" send ahmg 
l,i'...r.il.l. ,,i Count "t iiui-i-Ui- in tin- \t-rv 

ti- it future. 



lntiM.... N. V*. Carpenters should 
away from tlii- i*ity for tin- s]it-ri.il 
11 .i-'in th.it to be .il.K- tn work "ii tin.- Pan 
Am- ricaii bttihling^ the \ nin-i hi- eiti^i n- 
<-!' thi 1 niti'l Staten, 11 resilient of Buffalo 
for "tn \L-.ir ami be regtstere*] witli the 
P, m Ann -! un Company. Out«deoflhe 
I'm American hutkltttgs there i- m-t> 
little Jtting. 



Sm.inwv. Mi.h. I,i-t month the 
nicinliersuf I^ocal Union !34.]({»ve a social 
entertainment t<> a large number of their 
friend*. Tin- hull was crowd e<l with 
union men ami west side businetw men. 
\. I-'. Kyimn of the mill workers ^.iv^.m 
interesting aiMn.— appropriate to the 
occasion. Tin- affair wai a complete mic- 
it —. A large building i*. soon t.> be 
erected. It will be tin- largest in the 
city, and will a strictly union j"i> ae 
authorised by the Building Commis-ion. 



1. 1.1 1-v11.11. K>. The Hii-tnl.i r-hiji 
roll of l.." al Union 1(4 ia growing. Ten 
new itu-mhtT- at last Week's meetittg awl 
lltnirh a -i-iri- of a].|'hiatiiin>. H> May 

: >t every practical carpenter in the city 
will In with 11-. 1 inriiiinihi j-. in arrang- 
iue !<>r an excursion to Kern (trovii in 
j 11 in-. Thi \ ati- working very hard t<> 
make the ontiug a romphtte cuccvkh. 



I'ROVIHK.NCKi R. I.— l.a-t nmntli we 

In-Ill t«" i.i-4 in. 1— meetings here with 
excellent reditu. Application)! for mem- 
ship an- coating in steadily. All the 
ilit'u-ri-iit trades an- interested in (he 
eight->hoinr mwement, Brother Shields 
ha-hi-in with us anil ha- done splendid 
work itmong '>ur craft .hiring his stay. 
The metrtliersof Local Union '4 an- >-ratt-- 
t'ul to Brother Shields ami Brother Ro- 
ll- v for their valuable co-operation in 
organizing the carpenters of pr ividenee. 



SM\ * »hi 1 V>W l i Tliiu-.- an- 

i|, [,|| ll.. . alj-i-nti 1- OJ --alli/alioll. 

M,.-t .ii.. union- in tin- ejty. tiVttiwg 
„!.„. Hivmlivrs -i- sditj A BtlildtHK 

Ti uli - L'oainil In- I 'tl "i- ini/.-l In ti-. 
hi. I it |,ioji..-i - to iutrtslttci iina-nri- m 

th. m M i- itun t-.i tlie .nK.ni" mem 

,,t :h, , an-i- nt WiOTi 



1 ihioi tt < hoktiwg open 
Ktmilai i" th"- "i l '-< winter, 
t-tiiijj In-Ill 11 ' ently M i\"i hme* 
ilflivi>rcd .urn interesting ami in-tni>-- 
uiu< Weare strivhtg Iwnl t" in 
.In. . tin ouUnh 1- 10 j" 1 " I-" 1 d Union s . 
,,„! m ladievi "in B»« m 1 " whip will 1* 
chrtlhk '1 in tl" "' " Intnl. ■ 



I » \ i.i. v-;. Texas. We an- mm Lng along 

in ^ I shape, ami f.o, ( l Union 1"- i- 

.nl-ltn.: toil* memliersltip at every nieet* 
inn. tlioul three weeks we Initiated 
m « memliers, ami have a big Itatch 
i i applicatloim on hand, a ltuil>ling 
Trailc* Council has lieen urgani/ed and 

all li.nl. - an- atliliati-.l except 'I' 1 ' brick" 
la v 1 1-. 

»>»v-r- * 

I'oRTHMOl TH, V«i We have appniiited 

a committee for tin 1 purpose of meeting 
tin contractor* in joint session weekly so 
that both bodh may work harmoniously 
together. The prospects are that hj the 
iii-t oi May every contractor in the city 

will haw only ui i men employed. 

i. oral Unbm i ir i-i K"i"K ahmg all right 

ami tile im nil. i r- an- all interested in il" 

welfare. 



1'i.mm u i.i'. n I Unh 'ii im w regti 
i.nh aiding t.-it- h-i "t mi mlwt*. W« 

„ w vtHirkiug Htidi i i uinunigiug i on 

.hti.-n-. ami tl" brothers are ill ui*tivvl> 
ml , o -i, .| in iln Wl Ifsre "I tl" l imm. 
Killing i • i" lng neglected t" lirittg 

, veryo I tin mitshlers within tin fold 

.■I' mil n ganiy itioit. 



Ni.w Km m r.w'.. N ' v - l»e*»l Union 
4> meets every Monday irighl ami the 

Interest oi "HI lllelllhels ill the wink ot 

tin iwgauixation i- shown h) Ihe attend- 



WlNNIfgii, Man. The I'liinn Car- 

IMjutera lme haul their annual reunion 
Imsi week in Trades (fall. Both the 
Amalgamated and the members ol l.m .il 
thtion ' 1 1 with their wives ami i laughters, 
I .nt in a very enjoyable evening, An 
excellent musical programme was pro* 
vided, and then there was dancing, u» 
freshmeiiU were Mn-ed during the 
evening, 

Bf \\< n, in ah i b« carpenters in 
town, «iih one solitary exception, are en* 
rolled in l ual Union 479» W« have 
estttldished the nine-hour .lay anil 23 

u nt- pel in iir, Tin- inemhera are fitting 
up a cmnfortable ami attractive little ball. 

Our rank- an- filled with the best kind of 



PogTtAxn, Ore. The treatment of 

the men at wink at Port Stephens is 

in direct violation of the Federal law. 
They an- required t" work nine ami a 
half hours per daj The government es- 
tablished a boarding place ami bunk 

bOUse. and although tile f 1 flirili-lle.l 

was poor and insufficient tl"' men were 
ctiwrged ft per week for it. Thelmnke 
wen rough ami uncomfortable, lieing 
arranged in tiers ntiove each other. Bach 
man provided h$* ownbeildlug. The pay 
i- t" i'2 ~- ]»■< nay and seven days 
iii tin week. Hie attention of thegov- 
ernuient has Issen calletl to il" existing 
i-oiiditiiin-. 

mi m <i 

S'ouwu.k, Conn. The ninth anni- 
veratry of i.oeal Union 7-tti was observed 

last week. A Urge ilelegatloil of tllemnii- 

hersofUte union ami their Iriendswere 
present, During the evening there was an 
interesting address upon trade unioutsui by 
Mate tHrganixer John J-O'Neil of Bridge- 
pott. Remarks upon Ute same line were 
made by James Reeves, of the llridgeport 

Union; Joint Ilagley, Third Vht I'h-m- 

deutof the luifiiiaiioii.d ftrfiahcr Union, 
and John Daley of Sew VorkCity, An 
excellent musical progrumnn was ren- 
dered. At the close oi ih- entertainment 
refreshment- and cigar* wen lervcd, The 
evenl was one ol Uu- uio-i enjoyahle in 
tin- history ,.f the organisation. There 
was a large gathering at the Atheiui'um 
on the evening ol ii"- ml Inst., to bent 
Brother tW<«rge 'Vaillard speak upon ibe 
1.1-neiiis of iimie unionisni w the carpen* 

and jotm r. Tin- -peei li WM both i»- 

teresting and inetnn live, and was listenad 
to attentively bj onr membcrj ami tbe 

others who were present, 



THE CARPENTER. 



if 



i"i»rt> \l-w Unions Chartered I luring 
the Vast Month. 



Ml. 
5 1 j 



- : , 
■ ■ ' 

5a I 



*3] 



5,1? 
Ms. 

'4''. 
Ml. 

V-'- 
-4 

• j i. 

-4--. 

Mf. 
. *». 

'. 

55li 
5f J. 

550. 
5Sh. 



gmweH, \. M. 
VVihUaqa, Oil. l?ot 1 
Pi viiii , it. c , c«n. 

i.itlilrlllltliM, ].. I. 

I'nrtl.iti,!. Mi'. 
Charleston, 111. 

Km u mi i. t • ,t.i, n. i, 

All. nil. i. i k"o1. 
Sid. ill. i, Mu> 
NYl-mi. ft, C.. Cm. 
Conhoctou, t Him. 
Hi tni-w i, k, i Col. 
Ri piihlw, W.i-li. 
i iii etiwood, H. C< , Call. 
I (i mh raoin illr. N. k\ 
St. ivterxhttrg, Pla. 
Klmint. N. Y. 

N th iMitu ilK , Itnl. 
Meridian, Mi—. 
Raker k it j . t in-. 
Railway . N.J. 
Coneon] \. If, 
Link r.i, k. Ark, 
\V.itfIuiIti. M.i--. 
Washington, I'.i. 

HwnvHavilh . N. v. 
Maiiiarotieck, \. v» 
i:i \*h*o, Ti \. 
Kane, r.i. 
Mean, N. v. 

M.i-m n.i, \. V. 
klu-lii, 111. 
i Ukl.nii], k'.il. Mill, i 
Athens, i '..i. 

Ann rii'ii-, C,,i. (j,,l ) 
Waterloo, i mt. 
Temple, Texas. 
Mi-.ithilli-. I'.,. 
I - . i — t Toledo, Ohio, 
Charlotte, N. C. 



local liiions not Having List of 
Officers on File at the 
(ietieral Office. 



I'liiini No. 


ir 


L'uion Ni 


i. 3ft2 


i * 


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3y 




1 1 


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351 









Tine candftkuw which Mirrouml the 

work of MMttet! « i ni it tin- German flaw 

are probably the betl of any in the world, 
Ai the present time there ntmuck activity 
among the German fteamon* unions, By 
improving iu ~ condition of her seamen 
Germany makes the tervice attractive la 
more man mtch year, There an- other 
ways i.. tun lit ii j) ii merchant marina loan 
by ship »ub#tdie*. 



Donations From Local I itions 10 
Locked -nut Chicago Carpenters. 



I'll K >' ■" M IP h ' 

RKi a M. . ' I k i , 

l lu' I. .11. irll»K i. ,, lull Iim |.| .in n - t. 

1 1 'l'l v.i 1 1 ■ ni- lltlii>tTl> ill .i n»,i . i I I) l| | 

1*1)1.111. i.il ,n.t 

km i -i i in 

'■"•> \. u ■ . 1 1 k. 
K* Ni„ 

I in. I.nrl ,; i \ \ 

in, u iik. - Hj>tp hi 

1 il M-iili. .1 i I . 

II i ' i \ . ■ f i thin 
'.17 i . t< i'ii I k * ■ 1" 

. . I't It Vl > v '! 
INJJ I . t ■** , ll 1 , N l 

K v. u w... In i:. \ \ 
j v i .v.. i • f -i [I 



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I' ll I 111.. I. \, 



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v\ |j I 1 ..ni . Mi, mi 

Sji i;i""i.ii'i s \ 

I 111 l "Willi 1 If! i *i ' 

I" I \l \ . in .,, N \ 

kM 1 1. 1 1 , 1 1 Mkll 
1''. I >, 1 1 .mi . Ml. I, 

M c'lnvtiin n V 



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ill L'iiUUiaMi> ui'i . 


i . i ' 


11*1, Ni h \ 


... HI 


J. ■ |i«fK| , . k N | 


_' 1 ' 


71 i N. li V. ik 


,'.) .41 


k*i|. 1- I'HlrMlui . 


' . . 


1 I* Ni 1, Hk. N 1 


i > . 1 


-"7.' i In .<t- ■ 1 1. i. ' i- 


Jill 


17!' Hjii Hi ' N \ 


. KI 


ii ii, ni ,;. \ \ 




Ki Inn n.i \ i 




(l« M '-k. ^ ft \l : 1 




17 ! M.iii'hii. .1 '. . 


J Hi 


• 1-1. N. « \ • ii* i u , 


. iki 


fin /..ni m in* nil'. 


j ■•' 


-1 ' l .Ml 1 .! Ilt&l 111 I" 


in ii 


.*' i c inn n ji: 


. < » i 


l**i (MrtiiTi i iii i 


ID .«. 


1 1 l. tn 


I.. .•. 


i".7 --I I Mill* \t,, 


,.i • in 


. wi inn. 1)%.. ilt. I', 




II i Mm I... ,n H i- 


.ni. 


7 . ^i | . in,, iii . 


HM in 


is i - i't Uukei .1 ■ 


in in 


1 ',i pf.i'i . I,. 141 • \ \ 


. .ti 


Zlli 'l'..i 1 1 iiiit.m . i.,,n 


1 1 


Mil IC>l|^t«rilU| tun N S 


, 1 1 


ir. si , \i,. 


_ i ... 


..IT, \ 1 1.' in i I . .i 


. in 


SIS*, Br> dkiyti n \ 


ii> in 


IW>. mi. in. t in 


in in 


i' il l'<iri«u . mt 


litl 


sa*j i .,ki i .. ri » 


|n ... 


Tk'. K." In »t«r, N v 


, HI 


.17".. S>M \ ..ik 


,1 Hi 


- : ' Mt.nl.. iiy I':. 


, ill 


1 KiiIT..!... \ v 


Il III 


7J'i V..tik.c V v 


III l>l 


1.'7. inii.ili.i. \i), 


II 111 


lit in m i fad 


mi 


77, imtti ti< -ii-i n 


hi 


Mi K:u ill. \\ i- 


; .in 


:ai i, Mm i. ,n imi 


HI 


IB, Mi ' i, aukn Win 


JUKI 


i a, ni iii i in.- m 


hi 


i a, Ki lull clnlki i riMil 




H" k . . . 


i 'i 


'Ji 1, I'blljfht i f|»Ir, N V 


1111 


<■ -7 sli. li. , n.,ii, \\ in 


III III 


:u fi ni ■ i.i nit- lud 


'-' »l 


i.i.ui.i tutnl i.. i] .1. 


fill 1 



I l,ll< I ll.ilK > ..ill-. 

Till* .Ni if.*, 

."••>' ' '.» I I / I - „ . , 
1 I" \|1ll . UNO 

rii,- liIIohikl; ii ,„ mtiiofniml n-i .,i ,,,, 
rceeivnl la nn«an i" oin bjiih il itm , m ,,. i 

JTHi 

I,... ni I ni.. ii \,, (ft, s,in i i i», ,, 

' lf?« ' ikl.ihinii ., iij 
DM IRiIiiiijik in,., 

8M. anmklya n y . , 

lai.CMmru* ft*** 

Ot, iii,...kiv ii. \ v 

•■ Uk, Timi r*t i nv mi. h 

'• 171. lulli-l, III 

" ITT, ApriaanXd, m.ivs 

»fl. \ni V,,(k . 

W3, H11111..1.11 m i„.i 

" H*i llrcxiklyfl, n s 

i., i-iiii.t.,' Ohio 

:»7, Aaliirbi tt, v 

'• 1 .7, Walci iWlil, N v 

'■ I ft I'liiiuti. hi. \ j 

" MM, IMllllh, .Minn 

«, Etiitmtrlfibui |*a, 

Mit« .ink. . j i|,i t U ||||, ,| 

" at, s.,nit si Mart* 

" ." " l«.l. HtKllaxnat, Ml 

" ^7, I'lnlii.l, fpliU, |>„ 

" MOD, n,. h Yotk, n v 

" IHf, vVliil iiii;i..n. ii r 

" hi, Bhtoutlngl in . 

" " W, Wuinv.lli, M. 



1 

. l 

■- \ 

i 

>• i 



■ ■ 



' 



linn 
nun 
sou 
hi 
in 

In mi 
in mi 
in mi 
linn 
,n mi 

I in 
ii mi 
in mi 

' mi 
M in 

i in 
'J . mi 
ii mi 
L'..mi 
' i III 
Jin 
,7.0) 
I 111 INI 

.in 

, mi 
ifiU 



Place* "lure Work i* Hull. 

■ * \, 1 1 : Hi llH'rtl "i'ii 1 intiveu'i . l! ,Mh 

] i unron . •! Lin Ii 1 1 ■■ • njn, i .1 1 kii* iind fill ' ' 

raiMC^. .' ii|.i nlrls ni. I tililHTS Ifl ir 

ijiii'sn.l in >t.n .us,", ii. in ill. ti.t'um'UlK 
i ' " 1 ^ 

Hit im •••.•Ii no. \! i . Cj •'• iTimIii >; I .■ ■ . 
L'ol.l c tipple 1 1* i ... k I 'r i . . ' t i'l 
\ Mm, t, ni , lit ••:n:n ) .«f..?i. Hi . t iitttni, 
111 : !.'i:, win. Ill . UpfcnO Ml' Ii Mum 
v ij ijltn, Mi'ii k i'~,.t- i " •, U») SI 

i. .mi- v., ntitn . \t"i<t ii. ii • i sii t»i 

I ininit.i, \i h Ni m ''ii ^i \ ' Kid 
l.il.i. \. V , i iki I. ..in i'i i'i - i .ii 

i"it. i'.i t y ',..t. ri .ti'. . vy A\ 

k lebrtlM, ft \. ',,<- \i'.'. i. i . \ !.. 

v iiic, .\ i. ., , , : H K .j.i.u ' , i , 

t"ti, > C ; U t'.ki - 1..H1. Pi *> .. n rli 
i i.i : k'.-i - u n. i. Ti , ; piii ' '. ■ v. . ■' j ■ ; . 
K.ni., |'tnli>Mj h; ,, i'i, hi%' i... Ill 
M..!.:l. ', AI . , ftt\\ |.,k>. I \W , I ' dl ,. . 

m An itiUi ill. rppvr Ivnli i 

• •t Mi. Iii^ .ii. . Bju K h • iptuti N %• \. w 
t . \I i* , I. mil ii. iM - m,, 

k'.i'iuiiiliti- i.t . i mm, il! Ki I ■ - 1» .» 
Wis.; SrtUlliern t ilifnnnii:. IW-num \ I 
Milwaukee \Vt> : t v.-..,-., u \ i . 
Cl, veiaitd, fl.: IfcilLiv Ti , . I ., -■. 
I'.i ; Mi n. i . i : M ir ti ■ |j ,| ;■ 
parrt. tinin : Ail nitu nr. v |. , il 
Pi^tugt . 1 »'i' . l«"Wi ;i. i . k ii infiinl 

II!'. Jtlil 



(or An I i^hl-llour Hay. 



I't. villi nt» .«mi]n i - ..f tin- | . id i j,,.. ||| 
tUdair, tn. nl. .in i M. iu|i ij irgUttirM In i..;. 

lb* ilolUW C'lmillltt, i n:, I.,,!,.,. J.,,; „, ..^ 

in Mip|anrl nl the pntpMi i] . l^ht-houi Ltd 
Mr. C«otn}ar3> saitd tin lHovmieJtt li ..| 
•>i i iiK-.l ,i iiii ,u me4*ttri <-i wii 1 1 vm i'i tin 
StateM and munti ip iHtii > and ii uns* ik 
»UmI to havtj ili< iWiVetmneitl reeoant/e 

it Uj till- I I'll lllli III l|| Hi,. ;.|. ... tll ,,,, w 

Ure, fttruttgli (i my -ti raata nit .u\-. 

ha mikI, tin- m itda " n| | nblti w,,tk> " 

wi-tr [Nl| int. i tin- | , ,|, ,.,] j i,,,,,, 

tea i.f I y 'j. Utti, confiamg il u, „.„,,,,, 

liittiita .m.i robbifix :i id till \.iln, thai u> 

■ nK.M it. - i'V|„ , t, ,). ■]•!.,. ,„, M lll i,,;] 

wa*. In- Raid; tin reauil ol i,,, ^maraol 

ilUHIgllt, StVti) .m.i i'||,„t. II, in^,.,| 

thai iln i, .in, liini ni tin- Ikium 4,i i ii,,,, 
«■'- 'li in. in. l. .I U\ , u r\ mt, real ..f (he 
i lovanmiciit, wrttii h khonld in- m« mm ii 
roticarmi! In the |d»i >ii m] ami mental 
«H*«Mtll "i iii< « .i kiii,.Mu, N ,|, the 
u»n»il« tdrmiKtli --i the Mai 1 ma| itrmoi 
ftiniUhol t.i it. Mi. (Wan para ,iU,, ,, M . 
nettled i ruiuIm i of tetur« and KUtentt nt« 
hhowuiK tin addeapread inter* -t ..t H M 
Wan circles in the mtbjei t. 



Tin. oKd il rapon of tin- gwvaruuieni 
intfl»cct<a ol factoriea for Ctdntrg tWitlw 
KivMtlw .1. t „K u„. cbiMrfti 
waier the m tonrtei li u .th cujeaged 
in Hi. ii KniiKH making imttona, toya, etc, 
It appear* thai ,,, ti,,, , >4S , slu , h 

childten :,r.- employed, They «...k from 
11,1,1 •>»'« quartei i" sis houra|Kfday 
ami earn in Imtton^uakitiH rrom ! to t 

* ,,s 1,1 ot *H»* 'l"H> me) earn (row 
3 W ' . nts. wiiii,. ,,„ ,,,, vu , rk tw> wp|t 

from j in N ceuta pei day. 



W Mia I rusls C.inir.ilU.j 

!•!•]. 1 1 . nl.i! i, i- li nk in- , ,i u , ( 

i*>h*i i- -. . mid hi i. mi .,H ti,. 1 1, ,. ( 
i . .ii i ii ni it .■ .'ii ii i, i . i, , 

|tr»»l " • .1 IIHI mini. i,t !.. (Iii, i , 
.■ n , ■ ■ i . .tr.'i • i i nil i, ,1 ,.(' , j ; 

I limit • " |',trtm-f»iitji n, , 

.■'!!:,,::.. Ill |]|i 1 lull .| si .' 
1\ • ■ 1 ..ii ■, i - ]...\,.-i .1 

I , i * . • i ' i . . 1 . pndtilni . i . ] ,■ 
*o1vi ' 11 1 1 tit t ■ .in. I in. .n. .j,, , 
I ■ .i i .i x-i uis}iirai ^ in [in 
nl irtllei . , • .it i ..ii -j.ti i 

■ ■I tl i i" I lUltUtl li e " 

[I I, ,' .. | If I IS i.|,',| ill ,i \ u i 
id U'JJ 1 1 "-I bj k > i'v: i « ! 
}»l ' i * - 'i ■■' Ik In ■ '■! .n i 



'llftMt, 
- -nl,- 
U| ml 
Mirhm 
i< I,,. 
' aiie* 



I 3: 
■ nil] 

itrw 
i imi 



ill 



1'himiii.r^' Combtnailon ik-, i.in-j 
Illegal. 

\ '■■ Hi li tiom Indi m >; •■■ : : : ,| 
'i'i lb it hi i ' [mou bv ill ■ . . 

I' ll' f II I !l I .ill tlii ^| 1 1 ;•, r 
III ! '1. .. " 1 « i pllllllla l. . nil, i i. 

I'll! 

h*i *bii ii ittaki - it "■ -,, 

'••tlil iWUlfl " in' on it imi : ',. ' ...i, 
. ■ ' 

' : ■ 

' • • "i; " . th.ii it It .•! ■ 

in-i 

I'll "ii* i > r ; Mil 1 i i * x% ,,,..,! mil i ■ 

Ifl] " it, ! •< li ni Ipoll* IH(j v IIJO 
prlK 1 i • i .'■ > <> :! .ill, . win-. i • uft| , 
high*! prii'i' ilviit mi- prvtuthiii 

i '.'-.■. i ; • 
,1 ■ 

ihete ha* ., -i . a ■ : ■ j . . . i then 

tt..!': .!•. ||| 1 . 



.Mttnit ip.il Ownership. 

\ "I " ' ' ' '.t in. I . ■ ; u • I .'. . •* 
lltlattd. win!'- v initio)] :n thi. . ■ .■ • , 

'** «>.'►.- . . n.| i rcpurin ■ • , 
1' i. Imi,' k In, I illj 

M -ii ij' il "«*ii rnlitp :-i i .'. , . • i- 
i.i'i-n Hied nnd hi no tenwfound w • li . 
!'■ Il ni' it .- I i<m \ l >!• t ..n l . . • : ,: 
iia>, ' ha ipi m i ijw e *tv\ h«lp •■■ 
ri-;ui'- in tit. . Mtnmnmii . it h w imi 
viriui . Munii .1 nwiii i drlii hn 
n»ga*i al v >t t v two . >r :• 11 1 1 thtw i nut a 
tlnm-iinl t, , t : it gtvt - n- aah t il thl 
t iti' "t i.iu j.. mi . [|| iii, pound *1 " i- 

Umtu rty tin rate « alaiol • - 

in tin- pound, 1 mi k .mill :'•',<• nai 
l."i,| Provost, alrtl it •■- eleeted U\ \ 

fall In It -it . n Ml;, . i, I I,',,' ::- 

.m.i owner* "i »bip; u.U. it rcph ■ i II 
' layse-i, I: ;. 4bi«dutet) rlcaiJ ' 
iin j«l i ii, ,ii , >i inn in. i ] • .' ■ t 
*htj) hi i ,!., .\\ i. pcwienl lilt 
inlin -t.it i '.i i ', 1 h .+ 1 \ hi . nir ,ii \\H\ 
tli.it .mil. i k|ti|i n st> i, ,Ui upol 
I" Hi." i id li'.tn -t \ "I tin 

"i " i" ' Mlik 4 aockiiigmi a. Ti ■ !«■• 

111. 111. I i II ill J.ill lMIIll lit, .III. I 111' !■ 

Miiiiui|i,il ownership ia nwde i«' w 

every Imrough ami di kriri 1 ■ r 

Rritain l>j i law "t Pariiamt u 

law, however, doe* ma .ili..« .i "i 

i t.,« n u>|da] tlir dog in tli. in i it 
tin people «.mi municipal "> 

n« uerahip, tltey can hay* hi hn »j 

.1" not wiah lo undertake n . th< ,: 

tin n bar jiri\...i- , ompanh t f r | •■ 
rmming «ueh function*. 

There c im doubl .it all i" lit* w 1 1 "' 

ant well luformi 'I m in, thai ti. " ! 

muuici|Nt{ ownendiipol municipdi |' 

■ 'In s, is .i i^rm\iiij4 thing in 1 -n i' I '" , 

»ml in tin United .State*. Thi >m* 

been rapitl [nxtgn rw In that din ■ 1 11 111 

Kngland, Seotlntal, Ireland and tt ill »• 

And the |adiey of munh*i]al owiiet ; ls 
mumeationably Iwing tnore and 

(avorahly reganlei) in kite I I .State* 

ami Canada. /A, /,,uhiman. 



THE CARPENTER 



3 



rrA t« Movements for Better 
Conditions. 

M V. N . 

\[ i i in i i'I" Hi' i "i this 
..i | r ..| i in i i" ht 1 1' on (lii rlbl 
mm Mi ' -* 

\> k W,- hw 1 1" itiiti U< i'ii 

i | , i ; i ■ tiiuni *ll tV I 1 1 1 ' 1 1 

f ,i t in, it| • < i - Hum : lung. 



-I, I, i I'll'' ;.'..;.. ■ it. 

, . ■ hi i|u u 1 in bum '1 1 
ti % irtt"tt"ti will* i*n ' ii i ■ - 



i!,.- a .\ m • - yrfe "i • • ; 

l|. tr ll IV IJllH '■ 1 M I IJ{I«1 
. s ..r' K il 1} 111*1 II * tlH I'll ! If* " : 
4 j I ! dlV . 

- ■ -j- 

; i N M Tin WWhw t- 

„ . . \v- 6 .*♦• .in' >-U Hi »1« 

| i linn lli 'Ml InuM .Old IV»V1 UMlll > 

i % Hi ii. lentil 'Mi' dMtil " 

i | ■ , . i 1 ,\i M','il>'<l 'Hi • •l,..',', 'inn: si a'.f 

,,• hoO'iing if*' 1 ' - ' tho» 1 tiding Ibt 
»] ; e win Ii l«< R.|« ««i i.Iw? i In**. 



I...' i- . h i. i K 



il fife 
,». i- t:hi 



}(.. II rut* 1' till I i *». • • !»W 

'A ;-.Mri lo Mil" \l i i' ■■ ' 

m| lit* Am l% i » • ' ■ i * 1 ll ..-i l->) J Unit : • 
fj .v p. tin in-,-. ill • idi '1 t ■ 'l**W i"' 1 
nt* ;.. ; Intrti .hi I 



CllKSTl B W v.. Uiti -< S'" - &*• 

i || ti ,d> 1 Utl - I" V" S! '• ' "' 1 ' ^ ' ' 

, iri , j,,, ■ „ > ■ i . ■ . I;' U'Oii - V«t 

", . i |i«l ,r < 

(tU ii J • ' 

- in M \ . i •• ( d W* hat >* • • 

- . «in« th * ' I fti i • • 1 ' : 
l utiMi m b< ■■.«»« In • '' ,; ,,, '' ! 
..- tin thorough Jtumit i in win. litii- 

m . till/' 'i 

\\i*r» kpwi N V Thi 1 «» 1 '•' 
I,... ,; i u Mn in t' '< *«**• "■ 

. , •„ t .Ii'. Hid itU Hfl 1 ' l "' u ' : 'J ' 
1, llill'l J.r..-.J.-1'ls t'H 111. M. . • ! (In 



I " •■' l*)Uoj| " I .n>^ rttt Hti nun- !,.,'ir 
■I i' . l|l|i)IUtl)l Mil ' ' 

.in,! .... ii run In h [mill 
Ii '■ '/In r* ■ ujMfn .».: 



i ii n \iw ^ |n« < The i u; 1 "'•* 1 1 

thl- , it s it i\r III nli i >1. tn I'M t. 4 tin' 
iiinr limn t1i«% «ll>l I Wltfl ' " 

. All tin i n«t1 11 ' '' '" 

'In t, ihll ti.-li 1" ll.'iii 

Wi.stkki.s . U I CHi -'' '->' 111 lh| - 

I..VMI Is nil. W. ll ivr i IlITM 1 ''" '"' 
IHtu lliilll-. .111.1 til. Mllli JWJ 1*1 I. . . IM '1 
tot ti llllnlll*. Tin ItU llll'«'l»lnl»"l ll 

I ii ■■ >n 217 i-. nii ti .i-iiin. 

N'nl M.si'iiH N. I ill',... I.i» .'■ I lUi-ll 171 

li i- tn. nil- .i ill -iliiiiI ui«m the I'ossi s tni 
nn htcrew* nf 25 ccntu pel «l»3 nwi U»»1 
■ i it'* w«Kca ••ti<l tli*- tun. lmm (la; . Tin 
Dillon i* well <ii^.itu/«'il. 



m •> t * « - 



111 J|l 1 l|V :t 
' I.1JJII ill. I I 

■I 

I 
■ 



Sl'KTM .I II, I, II, M.i |M T'-li'llls itnl 

h ivc i iii-. I. -I an (ij»ri • nu'iii .vith i!i> 
>■■,'! n w.! • in rt- ^i-iiiiiny the uijjht-bnur 

■I ■ it tin i, !■! j ite i.l '.m;'. *, .mil the 1*011- 
Itd lor«i to litre iihim- Lin iininii nu n. Thl' 
Hi u lu-ilolt lo i-<Htiiuciti'L* on the ' st of 
M... 



I •. \ \ . 1 1 it, i I nil i I • ' >■ 1 in 
'itii'.n ■ irj • lit. i [ti I'n [i '. . ',i i-ii 



. (Hi 



I ll . I ■ ..." i I.J.. ll. t> 

■ ' t " j" ' liwill 'I |»i ill if i| r Mvl 

I ■ . i i ' lii ' ■ ■ i 1 1" i " ii ii i . .i.l." a ,r. 



K • ■ ,i • 'I', mi. I .. i i I iiioii . 
|ii ■■>-' ■ In in i\ ■ i in. veitH • ' ;..r i«i wj. 

'■ llll - III '. I Hi. I i Ii il !'■!! ..f lln- 

hti u i|l ' .'...r nil i!i<- -! ..j M ij . Th. 
in- nil a i - Ii : ; ■ : - ill t«iny in tr.iiut.vr->. 

\ 1 1: i n . s. t. TI ..'il t i iln- iiilhu ■ . v 
i»| I., il i nlmi 1 1 i irjn ilti t* nt ihf* 
rii % 1 ■ ' 

In .A i • \....r|;. ? .1- v: •• •• .11 i 't lilt' 

i i liiir! 

, - -f - 

ll |«| IJ, I MM || • ■ . t tu> ||t .ii! 

' 

•»t> ' l! . );•>:.' ■• i t. t •It;- • I. 1 •> il 

I'tli'ill :■ ti:..', : l>4»' . iftl .ncl <ni«ar«l. 
v . n\)i ■! ■ ■ .' . • |n it It -rlv ;""r lift new 



OAt.vrMtoN, T> \.i-. Ttie eight-h«ioi 
tUy anil «> t*eiit» pel lutui i" In I'ttfoirctit 
041 llif lsl til M.i\ , .in- lit* I ' I 'I" !'"l''l- 

itu Imti .1 in nut iletuAivUi in I'll- ."I tli. 
ImtlueN und mini I. t.n i Ih n». 



- . \i.i. in \ I Th- nnntii i-.ir] «-ti- 

| villhn<>« "ti the llh' tAI tli M i> 
ill in ||>i| "li, .-••!,• hi ■ a mini- 

is, .Til '< ••' - ' ' •:" : : " ll: "'I "^ l ' r - 
(O t.n JvlM for .it till Ml* III ' PtfUtlt 

II \ , ' . i .'■.v. i'l \ .li tn ui'l In* in ui 
... ,1 mi ui t\. I*, ititi . ■i>.r> '•> Lncw 
t'ui'.ii " - ■ i"T r ; 1 I '• •' ,,; "tni li"ttt-. 
;,, ...'..I i ''' * ..'1 ^l *t M/wj «.i Ihe 

1 * B(V ill t.i\..: "i Ititfttjg LlW 'K'- 

1!1 ll ■!. 



S'l V»«ti N V tV'c ha« wmi thv 

I Iijfhl ii tint BroiVS ( .ir I i tli't u.i^'r*. 
ill I,.'.' 1 i 'ill SullintltN lili'l wi't'klv 

|«l mi HI . \V, nur j.'i...il union * 1 1 i I *£ — * 

Ii ."■■'.! tin a^Twraeni wlthicv. By 

M ; ■' wi ■ Ni-i ' t . t. ttiitljj "ill In- in 
i i . hiiiv 1 ontUtirni. 

\\" vn.KT-. A s . N. \". Tin i irtii iii' i * 
"I tin- i il; hut* liti Mill iii il-f *tan. I 
:•■! the Htm lii.tit iin; , miiiintUin i.iu- of 
>.\ .i [i - f-J.i' |i«-t ilay, i ti* 1 Vht; 'I'.djiiiu'h 

'. ] .. i i id mrrt. >*■■ »>wt i.i-l _\ear. 
Til.- ill n){l '.'< I. iii .:;i't "ti May It*!, 
.»>«- - 

Ati.wTi ''«.i Tin DUtrirt Council of 
C ;,ii'M'- ii-' 1 Joil • r* »Hf, mi May '*t, 
i'tj tti.iivl thi- t ulu li«»Ur Nt'.rV.'.ay . Tln.iv 
i»n tiiS'tfral ^overnuieiu httiM.iiK ojiera- 
ti"i!- 'i iihti \\,'-. . ami ai thtM w^Jl lift 
. i -In in i-.i: j«-»hi wt- M)i])h'heiul ii" 'lini- 

■ lill . ,i in i '!_'.- '• still •_• till! in « --. sli-iu, 
I i M.l.\s T'A i-. ts" ).ir ill r- lia* lit-i. il 

:n...'j.. . itimi \<i our iii in .;n!- from tU* 
iHtitiractor* \\\ h»« leitera from some 
ui thetn iiiijiroviHjS' ol the ei}{ht-hour d«3 ■ 
>. m r.il johs .if - (ri)<lvt'hottr now, ami w< 
cjtneut to Iwvc 1 1 j i -* in operation on all 
w..rV. Itvforc May St. Work ha* not yet 

opcttctl Up fw the seasita. 



C«nta an In air far roatili w irk ami 30 

ri ll' - .ui lif.isr for ftniahirift Titm- and 
half will la- psttd for o\-«rtlnw and ilouhle 
ti!ii" for SntHWya and hoUdnya. AH tin- . 
Buffnlo union* are in a healthy condftk«ti j 

S. iiksimHiiv, N. V. l.o.- il tTnitMl 
i li i* m'hievtnl wonderful *«ccc*w lit It* 

lr.nl'.- Hi'.m illi'lils. ami all n iloti id* to ltn- 
Cft-dtl Of or.viiii/i-'l l.iliot. The ilitliaml* 
were Bttfort**d (Ml the Jml in-l.. 1}W, KB 

e.iiiiiMiti.rs with one solitary e\iti<ii"ii, 
MgnedtJie icenti per hour *calc. Onr 
liuahit^Kagont will atti wd Wthw lone Hn. 
yerer and he will l*« compi 1% <1 t" *&U1\ 
ttte agreement- Union l-Mt 1* flourwhing. 



I'l l'T*lil'k. .. PH. TlU' a^rc .-llli llt he- 

twet-ii tin- BulWeri' A*»«ociat«>n awl the 
Carpenters 1 I»i*triii Conncl! ha* Keen 
.'nailed, ami the pinning ntttlaltovesiigresd 
toal! oir proposition*, except tli ti they 
il.-sire a little i onalderstion in the matter 
of wages and have aaked to have wnKea 
for mil! nnn pHtefcd at jjerdayof 

nine hours. Salisfai 'lory pTOgrCSS ha* 

hven in,., u- it\ ihv Pi«*hwrg RnrtHct 
Council. 

Hi I' STfiN. Texas. A strike of all the 

union wrpetfters was red hereon the 
th in*i , and wa- followed by a general 

strike OH the -th. The I'ontr.ietor'* (signi- 
fied theit willingness t,, ^rant the eight 

hour* at - peT day, '>ut tlu y attempted 
to compel u* to *i^n a contract agreeing 

to uork for no one who was not a niem- 

het of the Biulder*' Exchange. The men 
fee! confident "f winning the fight, which 
i* not expected to la*t long. 



II \M il.T.jV t int. The Amai^aiiuteil 
Socictj ai"l the nn ltiher* <>i Local I'tlintl 
;- hitve iKrtifietl the contractor* that both 
• a ii't/.iti.is;* luvt jointlj resolved to de- 
mand 22}% cents per hour a* minimum 
i it. of waj-i*. ten houra to eouatitutea 
i!r.'- wntli.) r.^e hours i.tt Saturdayi to 

take el '.i Ct "H the ', *l of May. 



Pifli m, t.ri'i \. Pij. Thi I mpcMitloUs 

.;, IT.ltt. •', the wn.'.l-W'.rl.rh! milbi of 

jln- , ••. ,,!,• nine tiotn* t i*titnte s« 

t |j . %\,,rV, ",i. i . .In.-ti"!' IU v\.iye* and 
thi' il. *h..j.- llfi '.ti'i'. '...'.'. "it alii .iflei 
Me t. 

- - >*»*» 

i:n> ."i*i \ . N V- The ' i 1 t'.nion* of 
th- I* - y- Co "'. v 1 ' : ' Council liiiVe 
,,i, ,| iitf , ■ .mi , •"!* th ,t "a ml ..ttir 
M i-, il ilw *t«iildri I mteol wagM -hall 
lie , t'vllt«tH.'l h" it 'ti'i i lla'.t liohilay 

nn s itnnla} 

N,v. HjVi'a', v"iir. The agreement 
sn'tiiiliiii hj 1", .ilT'iion " • l" llu cam- 
;, „ |o| ■ and hmlilei- "l tin- nn stlpu- 

lausfoi the eight Imtti day, u inininumi 
,..,,,!< ■ , j 'v i da; atid nette l*ul union 

nn ni , Hiphij e l, 

Si'. w T<»s. Ma-- We have arranged to 

((Old i -t i a - of 1'iil'li'' HI ' tin;.'* hi re to 
H id us in ."it n'"\i nn nt for tin irtglttdww 

,,,,1 )n«lging 1'5 the en, -nUi I|gt melit 

received, w» MivY* eotuse #i8 lie 
complete!) -in i essfnh 

KiM.-fi-N N- V. Thi- i* now an 

fight hum ' if Ni upI) ''il the contrac- 
tors ««netl the Rgreement. whiehweni 
,nto. H, et "ti Aj "I l«t- l*»**'e gained 
a decided victory, ami U will eneourHge 

lti,,sv niiisi.li in join I.o.al fnion JS1, 



pRliVIOK.StK, Is. I. A inetll, trial from 
tin lotimeymen carpentcm oi thi* eity 
heen sent to the contrwtow ht» 
timHtin>; tlwt on and after May fat the 
*t.miltr l wage would he 5- . t(l per day t,f 
t-iyht h-.m-. l,o,'..i Union hi Bouriish* 

lUg. Il is h'.hewl there Will he no >lilTi- 

i nit \ ir. keemitig the change. 

PORTtAM'. <"e. The prtMpeCtS here 
• :i -r.. h ..s to mike ti* think we *l'..ill 

li:\.- ,t good season. A committee front 
I..U il rnion - is row in communica- 
tion with the commetora, endeavoring to 
induce them to a»lopt the etght«hour day. 
» nn RtemherK are all ^i»»l and faithful 
- in the cam* of nnioiihen. 

i. s."i.N. Nei.. Tin- agreement sub- 
mitted itt the contractor* of tins city 

nn. on* a demand for the nine-hour day, 
jiiiiiiiiniiii d uly wage fs.,50, recognition 
of Union I iJt, overtime pawl for a* titm* 

and half, double time for Sunday * and 

holiday* ami railroad fare when work is 

outside of i ity . I.o.-al UttiOn ll" 1 is 
nimiericallv strong and i* steadily b> 

creating. 

»-.->•■*<*- 

Dktroit, m ieli. -We have aiaty*four 
fair coutractiMTi with u* ami these include 
ail the promiiu nt contractors in the eity. 
Wages are now to 30 cents per hour . 

Ni.nU all the men employed by the fair 

employer* are memliers of Local Union 
i i. i nn inembeTK are working hard to 

K il all Dntaidcra into OUT ranks and we 

have every assurance of success. 



Ci.kvki. ami, Ohio. -We haw i^ist- 
poned our niovenieiit in thi* city until 
the :*l of May- Work i- wry slow in 
slartinn this si,rini4. T'ne high price of 

material and the coid weather finds us i" 
a condition with comparitivcly few men 

at work and for tin* reason it wa* thought 
best to defer the time for m ikhiy; our 

demands. We do not anticipate any 
trouble. Our achedule calla for 35 cents 

pet hour and the eight-hOUT day. 

PtiORIA, Id. - In efforts alOltg the line 

of better conditiom< the memliersof Local 
Union 1*3 feel aide lo congratulate them- 
*eiws upon their success in eatabliahieg 

li.. 'ghtdiom day for all carpenters in 
this dt) and vicinity. The contractors 
met the proposition with a ready responae, 
Carpenters are heginning to realize that 
helonging to the union means something 
more than strikes and lock-outs. The 

Union is in a healthy state at present. 



UlRMlNt.HAM. Ma. Il has heen de- 
cided that Ihv following scale will be 
effective from May 1st. Nine hours 
shall Constitute a day 's work, except on 

Salumaj s when eight h"ur* shall he the 
rule, minimum wage for Birmingham 

and vicinity Shall he 30 cent* per hour, 

ami for Bessemer, Knsley und other suh- 
urhs 2S cent* pet hour, It Is the general 

opinion of the lUetnher* of l.ocal I'nion 
75 that the scale will he entirely satisfac- 
tory to the contractors and that no trou« 
I ile will ensue. 

JUNE, 



Kavftm, Pa., The new seal,- oi «.i..- 
went into effect on the 2nd inrt. Sine 

hour lav anil 38 Cents pel hour. I.o.al 

Union 239 had nu trouble with tin how* 
in bringing ■boat the di aheil result, 



Mo mi i.MKi.. N. .1- The Maatei Cu- 
• lenttr* have offered the aight-how daj 

and $2.7$, the standard vale of Wllget, t" 
take effect oil M.iv 1*1. i«OCil1 Unbut 4 i 

lu I.l n meeting i>< considct tlu- proposal 
and Unnlt; agreed to accept tin- terms. 



in 1 1 \i.o, n. VT.^Au agracmcnt has 

hini reached bj the I nioil Carpenters and 
the Contractors' Aaaoeiation whereby all 

trouble hi* beetl averted. The a^ree- 
nii ni provide* for an eight-hour day, 29 



Cincinnati, Ohio. The Lo** cinien- 
ters, contractor* am! boildefs bun , have 
come to an agreement with the nm. 'tis to 
esUhlish an eiuhi-h.-ur day at on 

the 1st of Junv. The present rub w 

nine hour* ,1 $2.1 1 P< r day. 

Niitv OKt.R.VNS, U. The local unions 
of ihiscitv in preparing to make a de- 
mand for the tight-hour day and 30 cents 
,,vi hour, to take effect on June 1st. 

Many of die contractor* are in favor of 

in movement" 



THE CARPENTER. 



The Carpenter. 



PHILRCEliPHIR, APRIL, 1900 




Address to Organized Labor. 

Hk VDjJt' \K I'I K< 
\MI RK \N l-'hl'l K VTli'N (>| I.W«'K. 

\\ v-iiinoToN. I>. C, March 22, I >M*« 

The Kxeeutive Connvil of the Ameri- 
can 1-Vdcrati. >n of Labor rakes tin- Op" 
iHMttiniiv nt" addre— iu^ trade tmiomats 
and all organized workers with a view to 
furthering and extending Ibe prMviplea 
fur which we stand to every section of 
lite country, The experienci of the past 
juhm's thai the steady growth nf trade 

miiuiii-tn l.rine;- greater rt lit-i t>i op- 
preased, overworked and low-paid wagc- 
i-.irm r-, male and female, than any other 
f.irm of relief bithertn advocated in their 
behalf. 

The work i >f organizing into union* the 
previously unorganized be? peogrewed 
ninri rapidly in the past two years aucl 
wiili more beneficial re-tilts than at any 
similar period in the history of tin.- labor 
movement. The future, however, ne- 
mandeotir attention, and in order to tube 
advantage <>f every opportunity to better 
the condition of wage workers, it is eam- 
estli denired that officers of national, iu* 
tcrautiuna] ami local unions ,ui\e the 
greatest attention possible, not only to 
the closer organization of their own 

craft, btit also to assist .unl encourage 

their organuers in getting into the r.mU 
of trade unionism the uuorgnm/ed of 
other branches of employment, however 
and wherever situated. 

To aii i in 1 wringing about the best reaujts, 
we recommend that May Day (wherever 
Observed . Independence hay and Labor 
Day be set apart as special dates fur pub* 
lie meetings in every city and town, 
where public demonstration- should be 
ni.uk-. at which attention In.* given to the 
shorter workday question, so that the 
eight-hour day can be introduced into 
every trade and calling as the maximum 

workday throughout North America. 

Speakers ' > have studied the principles 
advocated by the American Federation of 
Labor should lie selected fur those occa- 
sions, to the end that a uniformity of 
discussion may promote this deaired re- 
form. 

Requests for attention to this subject 
should be made at the same time to the 
press ami pulpit, so that by editorial com- 
ment and sermons the work of tabor lect- 
urers may be made the more effective. 
The benefits of the shorter workday 
movement we already apparent in the 
form of more intelligent, better fed ami 
better "lad working men and women. and 

all reforms for which we strive are now 

receiving greater attention by the public 

than at any previous stage in the devel- 
opment of the labor movement, Those 

benefits have not come- about through 

revolutionary action, but through an evo- 
lutionary process sufficiently gradual to 
give thetll a deep hold in our progress, and, 
therefore, so Id in ling that retrogression 
is balked. This being true, wherever 
the shorter workday is now in vogue 
makes it the more desirable- that another 
grent effort be- made for a uniform re- 
duction of the working day to not over 
eight hours on any calendar day for every 
trade and calling in the United States 
and Canada. 

Other subjects of social well being 
should also be discussed at meetings held 



on the dati---i:g!si d, ti« allbOUji ll 
is a Up-hid sal , km, i 'id I til a UtfilOllll I ! 

houi workday, tbvri ;trv i.ahei reform- 
economic, politic I. ,i-ia;i\c sftui 

nature which inu-l ;utv I lied 
pit-bed forward -i.U I ■ »hic 
eight -hour -,1'e-iii'ii, whicll "i, mi 
l.ibuf. [white speaker*, pn u'hwr* 

writi Is can ado..- it,- at the - I 
and in rliv * l,m Mint i . ' t' 1 ■"- 
.u-.n.g In t»rtt«ie] I, nu> ppodu, 1 ; ' K 
p, i\ result*) in the ititi ft -t- ••! 
tire pfopk i if i 'in ' ' 1 ciuti > . 

I I I. [i< Ml 1 ' K- 

f'ttsirfftit .)./.■/ ' 
1kv\k MciftftlSOK, 



It is t.n,-, cli iltb (1 Iff* WVH' Iti b a 
.-i (1k.il df ' «♦ *'' t* 1 * 1 ' '' 
,.f bti'«i! a 1 ""'.it th^ll 1 m ; '(""' , n. '■■ 

i.il ui iH iti !•«:.- '•■ i lh< n • iitiflrioNi. lit 

,mum (In i »• >< kVi«« ' ; ' ; 
,i„ .m.-« *wl w ri -b-.j, dsht j • >.| «• ; ••»-• 

mi n ■■ " : 
■ 

.... 

■ 

su 1 (uhud i urn h - \\v i' im "■• I' 

. v , >m »!,,,.' i fin th« ino.|. i " evrrtMintb 
.. «rt;«, ^' iv i h, tin- t iw * i .ad 'in 



niv Mind y«m tbisi l w . j^ ne j • 
Id dio last summer -rrnt ' ■ . 



tifld 111 Lgf . oid the da\ s ,a lii 



W y\mn in the 



i s; 



I wo Kinds nf Slavery. 

(.'hattb hi a\ i t v has pxi.ilwd t" *Hllf i s- 
n-nt. in sittttc puis >'i tin v.i'vl-i. cvei 
>i:u-L man learned ttl >*yv*k, \\ h li il 
its dark side, ami, WV tHfUevi bOP the 

inrgr; frown i»f high fteavtm ilurittj? its 
entire- history ; but if i: lirt* b*l it- -1 ifk 
side, it al-o ha- a side, whi n c at i d 

with modern eeomanie'd^very, which i* 5 
as bright tts tin bow oi promiM . fol 
while the ow::-.-rot a L'hittiel -'. lvi ^^ i- 
pennitted to inflict ntrpural pnni*dnu< ttl 
and to compel l,iui W lit lluttltg In- 
entire life, tin 'aw of tin l.oi I r<- .u-o-d 

that he should : e pr»*vided with food m i 

shelter at the e\pen»«- of hi- :::a-U-J. The 
law. however, wa- superfluous t« the 
average nlrtve ow tier, ' the -lav, 
was property . rcpre-cntin;! a i . rt.nt! titttft' 
bet of dollar-, hence, the ovrnci real)««l 
the import. :iict i*f .^iviii^' the -l;\c it 
nieut which was bi -.t rulculated t*i j : ie- 
scrve his HtV and vljlOT, JUSt I* fannc] 

now preserve tin- lives «nd physical 
strength of their horse* and titutos, 

The relation-hip exi-ti::,^ IjetWeetl tile 
modern economic stave and In- m i-ter 
is quite different: he l- rated bj hi- 
master at so many rUd'ar*. but it i- wi 

many dollars a montb or yi ir, and '.\itii 

the understanding on both -uk- tint if 
he Sickens and diets the m i-t< r has not 
lost anything, a- other- are standing 
ready to take his place. The master is 
Hot required by law to supply the eco- 
nomic -lave with clothing or medical 
attention in ca-e of -a km — ; he uri-t get 
them at best he can. Were he a I battle 
slave it would be different; the master 
wotdd be- compelled to employ a phy- 
sician, feed and nurse htm back to health. 

Under the present regime be is under no 
legal obligations to do -o ir" the slave i- 
disabled for duty for -ix months or a yeat 
be become- a charge upon the public, and 
if not looked after by charitable persona, 
he is liable- to starve and die-. AUOthvt 
difference between the two kind- of 

slavery is, under chaUte slavery the slave 

could not leave hi- ; i-ter, evi ll if lle 

wished to, and under economic slavery 
be cannot -tay if lie wishes to without In- 
ula- 'it's consent. There an two features 
of slavery, however, which remain I be 
same in all place- and under all cfrucn> 
stance-. 

I'irst, the slave- alway- outnumber 
their masters. 

Second, their own apathy and indiffer- 
ence is the greatest obata* k in the waj 
of their emancipation. 

This is why the slave owners, or driv 
ers, wish to keep -laves In ignorance. 
Ignorance i- the mother of apathy. The 
ignorant slave, like the -w ine, eats it - 
COUrSe SWtll and falls asleep as content- 
edly as though he were getting a full 
share of the product- of it- labor, while 
in rcalitv be gets only a -n.all part of it, 

his masiei taking the lion'a share, Thus 
has it been in every age and in every 
clime, the ignorant knave, like the Jester 
in " fvanboe," asking only for the privi- 
lege of being a rich man's fool. 



-t.n dly . if bt < 
iiMbh v. .. Thi miij v^• "V"ti in ■ th il 

dt lt«rnifii itlub oi l nclli'Oi !-'■ 
tna-tct- Ml ill '• -f.-l !■•:. ill I ' 1 -'.'•••'-• 

IV on 

■ ■ . ■ . - 

... sf 1 • 

5, , ;,. ntili i t.i - i tiiv t • ' l<en Fmhh 

ttiv gt w-p " 111 *b , •■■ 

iti. dly b.b th- III :hi" -S\ :■' •■-' « • 

Iprtttii law - Tin -1 i\« • • 'I K • '■ I ituoi 
hi- em ni. i; ■ ■ 1 ■ .ci prMpMM * 1 1*1' • 

unionism. / • '• ■•<■ 



I he Idaho lUitra^c. 



l.e-t We lot .■■ ' Thi U ' I' VI lli 
miwitta itivi ''v-t is in pri^o -- i - 
(o:c the if- leuiytfter on MtW i 
Arair-. I <n: ■•' th< >- ■ ■ testitrnM ■ 

presented -Itowii'g a !•! mi (fitfVr* 

lha! IrVOtdll Is i di .'a, I '.. . ]f fl 

alone a fr> - • i t; *. r . a few |«iMit- in in ' v 
mentioned t«« giv* an) Idi i "' wlia 1 * >s 
Jcme to cit: a a* "'. thi ' |Vit» ' r»btti • 

Ptrst There i* on; '.<• t< '■••m 

men of K I " ,; I ' '' ;; ' 

.< nip ilhy with the itditeo, th it < .<i\ . 
s\teunenl»erg decbirei! mariitd U« ml 
a— cried that th- r. w i- an ::!-•;;•• . ••••!• 

uhcii thi ti hi- been no rettstiiu •■ to 
Civil authority. Km ry iiidtginl) put 
uptm the prisoners i«i the latl! pen i- 
heightened bj the fact tb.t th<-\ w.tc 
taking tortured by tbi military author' 
itie- who them«eh*i - w» re i reatiug a it«- 

■ if l,i u ji'-ss tutu} auat i ItV. 

Second— t'uited States Colored tnjopo 
under lien. Merriam and his »ulwnltn» 
ate- made whok-.de arn-t- ni men 
in no wa\ cimuecttd with the mining 
trouble. 

Third That ittnoceid < tti/cn- attested 
Without warrant chi '"ged with no crime, 
de-nii d COUliael and trial, wi re Confined 

iii the bull pen fo: months. When one 

ii-teti-. to the testimony nt these men as 

to the treatment they received tin 
wonder is that thej caw control them- 
selves mtffictentl) to speak < alml) ui -ui b 

matter-. 

The iralignities of the bull peu .ir>- 

s-rqly unpritit.ible. tmtj a faint KUg- 
gestioii can be made oi the treatment 
given the-e men. The\ w>ri imprisoned 
for months, fed mi putrid food, toned to 
perform kMthsame t i-k-at the point «d 
the l.iyo-u-t, nbligeil to sleep on b.ne 
planks and at the some lime endure the 
mental tortuic of knowing that their 
babies were probably suffering fotfood on 
the outside. 

All tin- would be barbaric if applied to 
men who were guilty of some crime. 
These prisoners were innocent. The real 
perpetrators of the crime of blowing up 

the bunker Hill and Sullivan mines have 
escaped. 

Inquisitions were held to force men to 
confess crime of which thej w< •<• not 
>;iiilty. (Mm iii.m was ihualened with 

banging it he refused to declare himself 

gttllty. The torture of the inquisition 
drove him insane. In hi- delirium he- 
escaped from restraint, tan into a It ream 
of water, was pursued and shot by the 



H .t *tl5 g> ' t'n 1 1 1 1 i \,i , , 

111 ] I] i T I,-. at< -1 1 I •' - ||| , . fit l ,„j 

111 had em (1 ' il tiki UPS 1 . ,,i 

-pi-i iiletifii i -in in tin 'h ni-.i' ibofjtjj 

lb in - told lie . Illlfll t i , f . 

IJ li. vfei •' I lipbiu I tic i ■ .,- , 



iVWffl 
ir U 



II 



..: lU'tfttat Uw . and |l won] I i 
It fin ifn i '• iub re*! to iki 

\ niiii ' miiui even i ri. ■ .■ ■ 
t : ij Imtm ni in th"-' itrini - ifili ■ h,- in. 

tin- " lictfti lad " pj Dllil lyoli ■) ■ |,< , 
lUlll.. (|\. 

M iH' II ' i« i- "till ni ..p. • c , .„ 

e ii. iti 1 1 \!« mi I It-m t It •!. 

wc; !<■ \ty h man in I ft . . L m , 
tu ihi pt HHi ill H 'h i iv i 1 ■ , n 

Dpi r^tHOI 1 I l III all V» I'l!- ' . il • li,. 

Thi •' •■• 'ii- i« ' le aim - ri •!„. 
ii - .'• ni the p. il ittemlii • tbt 

.... . . . , . , 

i-d ■ ■ ■ ■ I. nw wi'h on i v : . h.iii- 
j i ■ it in' '"'i- l>l thi'M o;:!t i.'i Mij Jj 

ii m >T i !!,•.''.' I* -id ij theri w i I 
It t- ipp m m -■!'. itp> Un '' • rttrrs 

tint ■ •• . Sll o\ . ' ~'. ; • !.,. 
lll'll.c il \ . 

t! i- ,'. ••• . k o 'h M h. t. . . ; •!;, 

p: fmpl o ' • ••••! i' ..p; •■! •!. ' i;i:i I 

• •■■<. -. much Jiiil ah.il • • • • mo 
then.' w - rwt wi t. Kfl .»:■ i ■ . I i u \ 

v.'h-'Mt ■ "1 lit •,..« - v. in It :<■' I V i- 
i ■' VV ll . • 

»«i • ; »gi V ; 

v.. -• t 1 - •> f»Ui I U) tin bttll ; • ' V. ! 
:- ::: n . i '. 1 I -\ -! ill 1)1 :■■!•• • I . . ! 

« \. . pt ..:;•!• • • - ii M> rr: on - j- - RI 
Th. r- : . do-i'.t I Ut tlu- who! ,IMtj 

w < i ' oii-rfiti i. the |mh '■: ' rr c 

!••''•'• ' ■ " twdftbg tbi mine- '.— I :. 

do. i- fh m •!-.•} id di.. th.** \lu v « ' I 
nev< i 'I o. i. dri !•• "\itn'i- a uij.-..:. •■• 

a — ert till r r'.-h! - to tail COI ' - I 

labor, 'l in o > i , ■ rj hdlicatioti thai till 
SI ntd.uvj ' U] inti n >hi 'Ortrnl lh< -• Iti 

Ihough il i* aol liti '.\ to ' r .■'■' 
out bl tl:-.- i-i\i I'li.ii 

The ii i«on Whj tin- in\"eatigal hi "• 
-u. h itnjii :i'i;n- that the bUlui ot»« 
Ls ninipl; lit cxitnji!, id wltttt ; ' : 1 '' v 
dolie i.-ewbi;e l! the ibU**" 
]t"perl\ resented. If .1 Ittau cati '• 'kf* 
prived of his right* in Idaho i1 ■ " he 
done • Isewliere. 

If tnt-1 interests < m enlist 1 ■ 

and in: ht ir\ .nil lu ititil - to lid tk soani 

of coercion in Idaho thej cats doil 1 x - 
where that ■ 'v;c worker* reseni th 1 1 
or compul*or> M-rvitUile mi the tern** 
■ li. r.it. d by their tru-t m i-t' r* / ■ 
.1/ Pan : ! i .ii, ,/; in t :\.n wji 1 

/ Ui Mil/. 



A Worker's Hymn. 

11 Ui. ti '■. 1 1 m 11. ii t «i ... >ai rt 

Til-, I:, on! . itM|M IM .1 11 M 1-0 ' I'' ■"' 

Wbrn 1 lutn t ,.:..i i« m..t Mo II ■■ ; -' n 
I kn'-u iaiiiiHdi 1 bi 1 rhi W nw U wi"* 

1 in. ni«i ,1,1 * i..tt iii 1 |ti 1 itmn -! 
st:inii» nil • !■ raili - "id ii-c. 

■ n Hi. a 1 ,ii.i « ui to (pn^Ci 

to Tlurv, ibmiiKlc Tb« ' u ■> *» 

Wh.i 1, s| .,11 1 (urHjihl I 'ti n tail- 

Urkie'sl Kdenloihi i-raftwiiM's drain 
<.'«i:ik< in inns. .1 M hiiowniiwlr 

Ami iminnk* -tan. I « ill 1 <Mf*»0 

I Iii ill j.i li anil ilo on 1 a no A* -"I . 
Tin UttU 1 |mtha w hen in 1 rtraj , 

II Lilian si win. Icis iii;ii|i Site Bl*, 

1 in. 11 kiMiu -i uii. 1 lm- mndti iii' - ' '** 
1 1111 -tmii 1 In mure -« mi;- lu liei i»1 "' 
in ih.it ii 1 1. ni|.i< .a rhi Wiirth, 

II is , ii.iin : li itiiit tin.. tmii T)o i:' 

1 u« imuiifu 1 nmiM 11 TH> ' .mil 

Take ihm thai vUtim from 110 km. 

11. wbnUOf'rl mm s|.inl .a sjrfi.l, 
Hi Ij, mi- Ii. nn il ii.. aiil lo in nu ll 

Tina i nno hcljj -in ii mru »- nt*d- 

A,,./..o./ Ai//i«f 



11 



=1*5*" 



ji •; 



THE CARPENTER. 



5 



I lu- t : *K'»t -tl<iur \>n \ . 

•j'ln . i i'.i 1 1 ■ - 1 1 1 I'.ivmm: wIim Ini mam 
ij,:, I tli-- i !, ill id point, ft! 

itlfl ,,,, i fl l.'jiivi i '!•■ "i C,\iwl»ridjti , 

|.„ ,' ,■ | Mill >■ — - 1 1 » I 

i nothing i >•■! 1: i j ■ - to ■•> 
| .',.,n tin : icl ih <t i \tt ...idin n 

^ I ll pl'i-pe! tl '. Wild 'HI '1M|im - 

, .;, . ; , ,[ i, i uilllll.it l"ll "I Wt Till In .. 

ilniue SO little tu -h><iti it the 

w . ^ :Ctll HI '& BOUI* l»f lll.'.t. It !, IIH 
( . / ;,- i vj.i i I ftl.lt ium' l! 

, ,,. ■ - n in in'-- ual'tic t-ni In- dul\ de- 
v 1 ;• '.]',< Is p.-.-,.] HI HiMi HJJViM'J'ilJJi 

,. ff monoi**mui< worti. w< itrecut- 

leillg It minded " : CltUtdlljtlg 
, it.!i.' iUfTltew • pi'»l :< l •'. 1 ' ■ .:. 
' (CltMJ the *••-.«- 1 1 1 ■ - : i . 1 1 i t r ■ 1\ 
., .-. iij..iii tttt in <: whu h • h Hi 

:; . | and by studying flu* triumph* .t 
DM M> I '■'.'■< rat.tte. \'**t int 1 1 1 > ''fi'i I' * l'-!'' 
.. |f| n! the (utility Itl.i-"^ - i" IX il' d !•: 
s'l I) li'tl"I.i!]i <- aiMI MltTOUIlfJi 1 H 

, i- s . In 1 I !i' h >■ ! t«i old ,i.'< ' • sn mitrJi 

v iJirt and miser, t!. it '.il' Id '.i- til 

t!;> :ti «..-.<! 'Ij' t:l<>r<- lit! .if. «<: '1' | .: 

,. ii" literalon no utieiice. 

. . ..i t . .HI' I if ll.it tut. h ii 11' > ' » ' ■;■ ■■ 
♦.. i:n !'»'.'!. Tin- UlldUl' length ..: !::.;•• 
wia. !i mi ti JttVi hei H a. i i- dill | j i'. '• j. 
• i j Intent*! so fill il* mat:'. In a,. I.. - m 
llU4tr* in- * ' mi i-t in I i thorough^ I1H* 
:i pOllC) 111 uitti'. Mislm. . - ' . :- 
:;■ : (ruublc th i! i'; < H U'»Ul»l ti ' ' .'■ ' 
i ,/h m ** «•>:'*.. 1 . I if; ■:■ 

rfii U'uU) it llwrj 1> i ! • : •■• ; ■ " tun 
t' .r yjientiil rUlttvnti>i*ii ••. . : I 
K K it :••:». N" -ni.i!! ; -:: 

(trnU)Cc wi.i'h is I.iti) ti tin- .!:it." '.: 
l.i 1 >:(•:•. 14* tlifrctty Ut !« '.: i> i I t'Xrei 
s:\r lull Whefl -tlrlij:!; '.' . - i;v 
h i :-'-l.i!!'! lh*\*> !> i»irt"vrfi»ttj i' 1 ■ 
SWm -.in «lni'«s1 UH -• i ■ •>'.'. t' ■' 

r>--'Tt n. Mimnl mis 

\\ hj Ndt Cfricaniite - 

Kvcrj in in \\)m M !■•! u ijj - ::: 

■ rxtathl 111. il tt ■] hi :-' .;* L StfUtll 
t i t..; :ti i unit st :!: i; v.i 1 MM 

twtttvrti hU empUiyf hi ! bim i '■: hut 
wfai'H >uri' iini'l'il '.v !!••'!- '.\':ii i;i- 
;■'* -U'"l tn*l W^HtHi! t" -;;.<..." || 
imnii ii.a<-l\ t. xh it hv i» sitttii ! fm W 
e*vifih t tli it dia) ,'-.-< 

Theft !- ii' i "tj i*",' tlMl Jn' - II* 

^■"■»] .in i'li-H'1". "ii rtrum ■ fnvcsU'il »*}<»!«>i 
mi.- in. nis. TImm ''in', (mi a pit Im nee, 
■fill in rt-tiirn th» ■• sh*ifieii the hmiw oi 
t"i'. bolil and iuIvmiici tli' wi" - •■! tin' 
M>rketj .ni'l hf»j<iv« all tin- \tixa liitu i 
N n«« irf si-.-urit\ . ui'Ii pi ii' li'iii i mil ntntl- 

Ii I in tin- jirr-.'-ii> i- fij tin tuM tli it t~ 

cntirl; aWtM win )i bit *tdi»it* aJorw 

HI l * a i — ktll] in- it- tli' iiir.'ii .l.ii - : it 
otHcaUte, clevrlnpm in 1 'it' i tin in iti. 
Ill tin- uiii'iii ilium h« iii' - I- mi frtctl 11\ 
•li-1'.Ui- Ilk fellow wurfcur*, In-.ifN tin. 
'{UCAtions of tin- il.u .|:si ii--i"l. itnl by it 
■njuirvM ktu>w|rt(Ki th.it i> UMiful ::i ill 
lit'*' Ih biMt. Hi- RMtfiAtitW in iln- llttiou 
rtttM ui'f hU course i 'orot ■:•>. Uwi ••hi*- bis 
prr}udice« ami broailoiw In- jud>?tttcnt. 
■"l'l by its ri^i.l u mi Iiuil:- make* him i 

I'tttrt Cltixen ill r\rr\ lf-Jnil. 

With theiM wtv MltftRC* 1 'i t' 'i 1 ill' ti wh) 
do they h- sit.itt- to .illy tltrntwlvca with 
orgwthed labor? \\v cannot t. ll. but w< 
ow boHt'Stly my to all turn, jniii your 
fellow workingman in orKani&ition. ntfet] 
having joined, ttickl Von can conic in 
■ow, Km tin' day miv come when you 
'•"' I get in. 

The trend of (Wgaiii/cd laboi f* itfwnrd 
•id onward, and its ranks .in- aobdifyiug 
pvitv day, ami as tln-v draw doner, -li<ml- 
dw to ahonldcr, in time the ranks might 

not ojaca ao readit} to ever) lagganl who 

Wisln-s ti, jciin when victory W near. 

Lome now, mi with organised labor and 
11 will .in y,,u good, ami when tin' fruition 
of their hupes is attained you will in- in 
Place to enjoy tin- victory. 



l-aw.s and Condif lona of I ahor in New 
Zealand. 

Ut w }ieitten»l in urn ,1 pgradiae, 'mi ii is 
far ,ih. Mil ot I'wry "thrr n .(ion. >hi- has 
In-, '.tin- t.-iiri. nis ihtrhig iln {jsini -i\ ve in 
in-, an..,. ,,] bei iii.li. bvW kgiWtlon. 
Situated : S • i nni,-, . rnlbeasi .,t Au-- 
tr.th.i. •nrriutndvd In water, it bin a 
climate Mtuit'wftAt reaviuhtiita that "i 
California. 

Sew /.t-aland isa- yMa njmrcely svitle»l 
countrj . 1, ivlng : • . >i}{mrc oiile< of 

tetritui;., i-. ( i;al ill -:/■ to N. v, Vork and 
I '■ tins'. 3 van; i awl vv 1 1 1 1 a |iO|rulation rd 
" 1 Tin- population is si.ijK.- 
wtau c<»niopolibin. ,\i w juatartri has 
Iwjvni iisi l with : lii.ll'ir.h-ni, tntmpum, 

till]'.!'.!' Ill -in. Kilt -In- in |,c*H 'a;-i- 
tn« ig}», in iIk ;-i-t -' m a >■• irs, to legi*. 
tale them " it ut ext.-fleiioe. Sis nr -even 

■ 

'-ii- igo I ramp? «t*re as uamerout a., 
thvj an in iin- Cnttcd Slater. Tn-dr, 

ti.- ;. in- ,'f. v.in i-; llf few art- those 
\*h" ;■• ti t to he train;. s, when lhe_\ die 
th- ::.i':;;. H W in. more Ml til t', nation. 

Tinjt .ii- '.'.ii' ti i few trri-ai Ian<tlord;i 
owned the greater part "t the land, A 

ai ■'. ' i \ iduattsl fro: 1 1 tWYtto cems 
uii thi (/outtdi with ai. extra two cvnt* 
in! ai'si niei latidlor*!*, jiru-.iii to k> 
In .'. • tltat t !"-' "'■ the great e»tate> wvrt' 
""• n-i ; ■ >r s.di . Tin- go* i-riinieut Dad 

• is" I'll.!' ! a graiht^ted lit tax. 

••• tiro tn- litirv- ; '-s -.l'.v'l iii driving 
-"'.r nn !• >u\- fi "i t'u- ijatiOn. 
';'!]' ■' t- !•."'. lirda.' "i '.'.■< v. dre and 

■ i|l • mull \M'r:h a lull ' millOMJ 111 

• iLutd. 

The '..III 1 is hold tor a. ' : : -. itipT*, wllo 

ar-- |>rtnutt< '. tu h'.M (an ' lo tin- \ due oi 

Jj est! it;;.t tri'tn '. i\ itititt. It' side.% 
tin gOVerilRI nl loan- t" -■ :'!■ : 5 
in i i-h. al'.uw- hitri i cerfabi *utQ net 
ii i i Ui .i n v la i id; it will also ] n^vidi 
him with lliiii ii,ti*' Vfifk eai'b Wtik "t 
eight liiittr*. pvt ilay, in laiildiUK roa»l< Or 
ut!w-: pnblti :::i;iri >Vi iiient- Tbi* eUatdes 
the Metttei support hintseli iml titniiy 
until he can rai-e i-ropa The govern- 
ment I- reiml>ur>v'l for all this in the in- 
i : as. I value 'hie to an i:i« :•• in- nf popu- 

latton, resulting in the l.ir.r- i n* ui tin 
ijoveriiUtcul r.n'i'iads, telegraph*, tele- 
phones, pus'.i'. system, it- . While \m- 
her* in America, withom immense er**l>»-, 
e\]»'rt dmut $12 or less, jarr capita, New 

/ealainl's e\;-urts aVeOlgi f4S for every 

m ui woman ind child. 

The land tax is a tax 1111 1 Hid value and 
alsu i graduated tax. Tin- first i iw paired 
in relation t" land was m | It pro- 
vided that ii"t more than 3 > i acres could 

he s,,l |hj a land o.l.n r tu any i:idi\nlu ll. 

Hut this did in.', prevent one individual 
frotn hnying fimn anutlwr, Svxi came 

tin- land tax. |(tfi< k!\ fcdlOWed b) tin 
graduated inoontt tax. MOW, Ifrt in m s 
land is worth less tlian 5\""' a certain 

rate is paid; U worth mute than #5,»»«i, 
and less than a WgtMSr Rltt is 

paid, and s,, on, The rewill that 
such men as "ready money'' Rohiuaoii, 

wllu had ai i|liired Otie huliilred thuilsand 
acres, had to sell ni tie! > -ii i ne thousand 
acres. 

In ;-4.in ;n't was passed, with aillend- 
ments in ' > and 'UH, wliicHi* kOOWO a* 
the InduKtrtlll Coin illation and Arhitra- 

tiuu Act. Since this law has been in 
effect with its amendment*, there has 
nut beeua strike in Sow /> aland. Ttielaw 
encourage* die i"i niattonof trades unions, 
which ire regutered. The Central Conn 
of Arbitration has uu- power to enforce 

it's decisii us; in caacof a refusal t" "''i !J . 
aline up tu ;.->• can he h vied, This 
law was enacted because organized la hoi 
demanded it ami enforced its demands 
with their votes. 

The Factories' Act of \m4 provider! fur 
the coniplcte inspection of all factories, 
the word "factory" meaning any place 

in which two or more people are em- 



ployed. Children under 1 3 years of age 
are not permitted lu work in factories. 
Tin law i uinpels all employers, to grunt a 

bah holiday each week, with full pay. 

I rood ventilation and -amiary conditions, 

tin- ^ruirding of machinery, fire e wipes, 
''i.,.n enforced. The half holiday also 
prevail* in tin siures, :, anils, ete. 

j'li ■ Kmptoyer*' Liability Aet protects 
the workers to>1 provides for a compensa- 
tion for injury. 

The U'orkm mi s Wajjex Aet enable* the 
A*o) 1 tti lo '" obtain his w ige* twenty-four 
bouni afu r they are due, 

The Truck Aa iholi-he'l the "pluck 

inn si-, res. 'I'hts \*. , i s .-naeted in \ - >',. 

Tin Workiugmcn ii I.ien Act, l - 
give* priority "t 1 1 itm for wages. 

Tlie Shipping and Seaman's Act does 
ini the sajb/Tn what tin Pnctortes' Act 
ib* - F«n ih" in >k' :- in iln factories. 

Tin Wag' Attachment Act, passed in 
' - '• . prevent* wage* below fU>a week 
'ii-iu.' attached for debt, 

The Coal Miners' Aet provide* for work- 
ing the ' u.d mines with health and safety 

tu the miner*, and prevents women and 
l.u'.s from working in wjal mines. 

The last -' ssiu-i of the New Zealand 
Parliament ;.a-- a tin old Age Pension* 

tu all u\er i year* of age, whu have 

Ifved in tin natiiui fur J year* and are of 
good i h irai ter, und ilo not {tosses* " ' 
worth ui prope-rty, or enjoy an income .f 
» p« r week. Tin- pemdon provide* for 
S/*i pii • i ir, ut j (tn 3 couple, man 

uvi *"ift. It is thought this willlieiu- 
i reased at the te xt neaaiion. 

New /ealan l built her railroids.com- 
pletiiig the tirst line in I Si % Tin- inim- 

i.er '>: miles uovt in operation is about 
■.'»">. The UiiJding of the Mjad* was 
done dlreCtlj by the Nation, and the 
worker* were, and still are, nit such wurk, 
allowed t" *eh»'l tin ir foreman. Tin- pa> 
mi the railroad* averages a>>out jter 
ui::. higher than the wages mi our 

American rnads; and the o/jfn railway 

hands have an - lumr work day. Vmi 
.an ride " miles tor ten cents, and first 
el i~s ^eni i~ rendered the people. The 
annual Del profit Of the New Zealand 
railroad - averages £2,250, tn. 

The govenmieut owns the telegraph 
and telephones, the rates being about 
■ ■ per cent, lea* than "our" Western 
rniui' tunnoply. Both pay a profit. The 
worker* enjoy the eij?bt-hour work day 
and the weekly half holiday, ThegovCm* 
mailt ahai conducts the express busineaa 

fot the larncfit ".' all the people. 

l*0*t«l saving hanks are a feature in 
JJew Zealand, and are immensely popular. 
Anj "ne in ij deposit -uiu- up to cjs _.»„,. 
At present there is on deposit in these 

hanks a sum equal 10 |45 fur every man, 
woman and chikl In the Nation. There 
are in. hank failures. No cashiers going 
to Canada or Smith America. 

The free schoOl System Of New Zealand 
ranks high. The 1 iw compels all children 

ovei scm-u ami under fourteen to attend 

s. huul. Tin re are free high BCltOOhl ami 
univertitie*. Tin railways carry alV chil- 
dren whu live at a distance, to ami from 
school tree. 

Woman suffrage in enjoyed and it is the 
universal testimony that the women are 
cnufllly interested with the men in all 
pnblie affair*. The woman poll a vote 
within 5,1*1 i as great as that of the men. 
It gnv voter fails to vote, his name is 
stricken irom the check hook until he can 
give a ^"'"1 reason for the failure. 

Government bife Insurance has also 
been established \v illi rates much less 
than the private companies, and has 

ahead; become so popular that the 'gov- 
ernment dues more insurance husiness 
than all the other companies combined. 
The National Government <>f New Zea- 
md conducts hatha and a sanitarium on a 
So acre reserve in the Rotorua district, 



where there are celebrated mineral waters. 
The rate is very low. 

New Zealand has had her trial. She- 
was p lunged in ;i costly ami bloody war 
with the savage Maoria trihe that la-ted 
from I si.l to 1 S68, She has had her army 
of unemployed, her strikes, her tramps, 

ber pattfjer*. and a plutocracy, she has 

pretty near got rid of them all. She has 
made sweating liens impossible; she has 
nearly emptied her jails and poor houses, 
and to-day there is less crime, less in- 
temperance, less poverty, less misery, less 

tramps, less paupers and more prosperity 

per capita in New Zealand than any other 
Nation in the world. New Zealand has 
not Stopped progress; from now on she 
will enact more .and more industrial legis- 
lation. Her people ire intelligent, more 
so than any other nation. The number 
of people unable to read and write in New 

Zealand is less" per capita than any other 
nation. She has heen wise in the past. 
She will show greater wisdom in the 
future.— Cincinnati Chranide. 



Nobody Knows But Mother. 



Ni.in.iiy kttuw*ol iiu- w..rk it make* 
I ., kcefi the botne together; 

N'i'.'iity kiln w- «) Ihratep* il tnWrs, 
Ni.t.u.lv knows—hitt wuthei 

Nobody listens tn childi*tl Woe*, 
Win. ti V. i ssi-s mil) -Hint In l . 

Kotaxt? - pained !>> naaatuj htawa, 

Nh!i.h1\ — only iTintlier. 
N.i'""l\ kllOWH of Ihl si, , j.le-s i-rirt- 

Bcntawed oti t.nt.y brotherj 
Noi.mly knuws of tlie tender liray'r, 
Ni.i.u.|y— only m.illn-r. 

Nobody kin nm i a the U —mis taught 

i ii loving one snot bet; 
Nobody know* "I tin- patience nouahl 

(tobod) —only mother. 

Nobody knows "t the anaiou* fear* 
l.eiisi darting* m*> nut w*athet 

Tin >i..ntis ui life in after years. 
Nobody knows— but tnntlier 

Nobody kneels in the thrum- above 

Toth.mk the Heavenly Rather 
I'orthiit ftweeteM (rift— .i in. .tlier s love; 
Mobody can— but mother 

—c,t,,t,ff Wntnn V«i7. 



Benefits of Trades Unionism. 



All nf the benefit* derived and enjoyed 
by workingmeti have heeti accomplished 
through trades unionism. If men were 
wholly and solely at the heck and hid of 
capitalism they would have a sorry time 
of it. livery member of a trades union 
should give this matter serious thought. 
He should imagine himself in a position 
in which he would be compelled to lake 
what bis employer was willing to pay for 
his labor, and then estimate if possible 
the worth of his organization in enabling 
him to demand anything like a living 
wage. 

Knowing the worth of his trades union, 
he should exert every effort in his power 
to strengthen lus organization. He 
should count up the per rent, of gain h 
is reaping from honorable membership. 
And, as he derives benefit in his own 
class, he should" extend his sympathy and 
exertion to the aid of those in other 
classes. If unionism i* beneficial to men 
in his trade or calling, it would be cer- 
tainly beneficial to men in other trades. 
He should not confine his efforts to his 
own class, but should broaden his feeling 
of brotherly love to those of other fol- 
low ings. 

By helping to place others on a fooling 
with himself so they, too, may enjoy the 
blessings of organization, he not only 
brings benefits to them, but makes his 
own calling more safe and sure. Let 
• there be IW dual authority of organiza- 
tion; let every trade unify within itstelf.— 
7V/''a' rafkit .iljournul 



6 



THE CARPENTL'R. 




i l-smiii- in Practical Carp. utr>. 

h\ i ki:i'. f-, m > >i>. . 1 s . 
;m\ > i\ Ti-v.iti k*-. 

in mMi.ia with i u li .the* 
for cmniTthrg tm different 

; am wooden B Wr- 

ing considered apart from 
the fatuafuinga itr meatus rajiployi i 
-trt Hglhemng p< i.n- and keeping tlu:r 
surface* chfec mgethci ma} according to 
Rankim'- i .■:.*' / .■'.'..•»'.' ifi . lw rkiaaed 
mid v >':u of the following heads: 
I.— Joints for length* ning tie*. 
I!. djuintu for lengtlteuing strut*, 
tlli Joint* ;'■ 'i ■ leiigbjenittg beam.-. 
IV. Joint* :'..! suppoi Liny; l>taui> on 

beam*. J ■ -■ > t* - and posts. 

\ joint* !' •! connecting stint- with 
th-. 

vi. Joint? <i i il • .m.l brucc*. 

lit ili ami exepntiug joint* and 
fasteni tigs any kind, the workman 
should I* guided by tin follow in>: princi- 
pled ;n n del 1. 1 give -in ngth and stability 
to Li- « i rk . 

I 'I'ii inn thi joint* .mil arrange the 
fa-u i liny -•' a* U> weaken the pieces of 
limtn r .in Htttc »s possible. 

II To place each abutting surface in 
A joint a- nearly liexpeudicular .i- pos- 
sible t" tl;* pressure it tutu to transmit. 

III The prop utioii- the area of each 
pan of the joint and fastenings to the 
maximum stress it Ikm to rvw#t. 

IV. To fori]] tin- point- so that thej 
teMy tie iffeete»$a*IHtl*ajipo««ihh> hj tin.' 
shrinking anil expanding of tin.- » I. 

v. i'o form mil tit t'.u- different part* 
of null point, ~o that the stresses ma\ he 
spread a- uniformly as possible over the 
sections of iiii- timlier? anil fastenings 
CornjH»sing it. 

VI.- To make tin- work mi thai no part 
receive- more than its proper share of 
sin—, in other words to make good 
honest work, seeing that all surface* tit 
properly throughout; noting the differ- 
ence between the bearing surfaces of 
joints and those parts intended only to 
hold the timber- in their proper positions. 

The bearing surface* of any joint re- 
quire accurate fitting in order to distribute 
the street- uniformly, tint any mmeive-- 
sary finish where not required, is only 

labor thrOWB away. 

As a rule simple joints in carpentry 
are tin- heat, ami they an- the easiest 
made ami tin- more likely to he bettcrand 

more airnrately made tlian tin- pure 

elaborate (Hies, though, I am well aware 
that there are circumstance- when more 
elaborate joint* an- required, anil to meet 
such conditions i will endeavour to de- 
scribe a few along with the simpler joints 

in order to arm the workman so that he 
may be able to ileal with a case of elabor- 
ate joint should he lie confronted with 
•he necessity of making one at any imu-. 

In cases when the hearing of a la am or 
the points between the supports are of 
considerable distance, ami the strain upon 
or the pressure to which it is subjected i- 
great, a com hi nation of two or more 

beams placed aide b) aide ami aecurelv 

fastenc.l by both spikes, straps or by keys 

or wedges may be employed. A beam of 
this kirn) is called a "built Up beam ' ami 
is often formed by aplking a number of 
posts together until the proper dimensions 
are obtained. In preparing built UP 
beams it should always he reinem!>ertd 
U»t a timber is no stronger than its 
weakest part, and if tin posts or other 
timbers used are -hotter than the spare 
between the hearings and it is nerressary 
to split e 'ir butt the posts, the beam* will 
not be as Strong as though it was make of, 
a solid timber throughout, all things being 
•qtu3. Tl'is is ii matttr that demands 
consideration. 



Two ■ x. nnifei of \m>)\ i»p thti .. • - ure V '" ' '■■ '«• 

! '.11 

Sjt* l» ". .11 K4g, ! tin t a SM 
of th.ree tlrfi > .. — . n! »tUfj I 

whieh are I'foU* h*ja >h> i ^ ■'• ' 
nnt> tint] 1 4'fti Foftm 
woo I ke\ - \w I .'i - Till - v 

do iu't <ohl i" o .' »vn Hgth nf'il 
l nt ure ■ hi« Mj inn (wit d to ; •• *• 
titni i'L^ fioin sfippfnu aionv > ■ 
under unequal 4j*Am. tlli i" « - *1 ■ ' '■' ' 



, h o 



:•■] ifr 
' if. 



sii n till. I iii - 1 1 1 iii. mu 
< in- . 



,'IV(f 



mij •.-••), ei o! A i o:. W!:K-h air •llf, 

,,, i i, , • h ■ iiii • n i w . i «:di - • '( ih- unit • •■ itid 



Inmitl 



nt 



■ nil ttn»> 

'. ' ' ' 

Oh* 4lH : i. ' »l »< ' dH * r 



-a> - — ^a 



«a • a 



- P hr hi 1 

i*. „ — . I. ' L — i . 



8 



m m *m i » ■ ■ V» 

■ * u 

••• • ■ • . :- •• - L f 



r 



q 



n 



1 



i.fi. ; 



i I.. 



J 



"U 



liolt^ could ji. ■: pit out. I in t!.. wht'b 
for pei^oiial pntj'o .- i prefer ■ 'tain 
built uj- of -tuft not e*. t tJtUgtU • • 
in thickness, well sj :ke.i togetli r with 

wire or other WfoUght spikes, 




me. ~. 

In the iUuattation, l' -imv.- on tbei 
combination of built-up i t nn- whose 
in>n form- a strong feature. Ii' |>taceof 

serew Lolls ,/. ,/. a- sboWll in A, -tiap- i I 

bands of iron may be uwtd. Winn the 
strain to which a built 1 imiii t» ex pi wed 
is sueh a> to imput R tendency i" tin 
parts of which it i- composed to -lidi 
DVer each other, the he am- art ] rovitbi) 
with indentations, asat /•, the whole '-einu 
secured together either by straps or stir- 
rups of iron, a, or by holt* and nut's '■ 
f>. C shows the upper oe mi J, 1 1 it loWi I 
one is shown at >>. 

Somttinie when |lie span o| distance 
between bearing points is con idenlble, 
the "open-liuilt beam 1 ' nr M dwar/ 
truss" is made Oft tif, The height oi 
this form of beam is geueniHy governed 
by circumataneea, ...id it often partakes 
more of the form ol a " trussed bridge 
than tlwt of a built-up beam, Fig', ! 
show- the simplest form al this km 1 •■! 
beam Of truss, 'l'heie is an Uptwi 'a am 
</,,/, and a lown One <'. which ; u.i . 
either he a single sin k nf timtiel or he a 
bllilUlip one. after an\ ol the methods 

described hi the fbregoj»tg, ii". two tim- 
bers beltlg etmiiei tt .1 together b\ an 
arrangement of struts ami braces, so 

placed that tUey will impart thi -train. 

to vhieh any one of iium maj it sub- 
jected, uniformly t<> the upi.t r and lowei 
beams whin h ic.st on the foundation -uj - 
ports. The vertical pieces or atruta ..• /. 
may be either single or In paira, ami tin 

dia^ttnal braces /), mat have o»C in 
each panel or division single, ami the 
other may be in pairs, the lirsi being 
placed in the centre of the timber, while 
the second may he framed to pa- on 
either side or it. This form of triis;, 
though simple, is very useful and is em- 
ployed for may purposes. 

There is a method of joining timbers 
endwise, known us "fishing.'' In t 
" fished " joint the ends of the limbers 



V oi hi i tlO*tia<H "i i . . . . 

bef4 lo a] I Ai ; ' ii« s h di-w. Kljj 

4 where ibr I mi) ire«<«niew < | 

of thi wh'di •>! tin tte-JMiq "r ' ' noiii 



tie is oni.i liiutowbi I toil ifxtenii^foue 

'•iolt-ii i lie, a- '' . i ' 1 ■■• -• i i ■ th 1 d'Stf i 

tin ';•'!'. he 1 : p! ' ■ \ MrlnUt the 

strength ' ■ ■ lints lependi b'wst 

on the e't. • ■ ... >i i III i oi '. li 

plates I'etrrg to^ettui equ.il ::: t«i!«:lr 
sir. 'iigth to the ■ ris- ertiorfa! ,r , •..* 
the •: 

Sec'.a.l (In i!;.- -..t:-.. ii > ■ . , > : 

if 

th'' joinl ' ■ i r.-si-i .J>. > ....t 

lining . i : i \ rcliunce on the fri tion.il 
re -I -tan. ;<• - ,- ii tin- -surf-ii v* 

of Uie n-!t p .;> - i. . ti.. s , w | .., ^ 

depending i- i) iha-^ iwi tlh lightite^of 
thebohri . i- ■ "i:-i a'ltit \.m f with the 
eapansiuii and contri tinn , 

t.rit's 

III pru ti, e It 1- i;s' t ,1 tO lake T T . • -.. | 

ttonal ar- id this boh* t- i .id t»l . it)n f 
ride of the i...ut. to k-aM one t:ftU the 
effective • lion il ai i ..i tl.< tje: ■ i iti 



I 

i ■ i 



M [I 
T 



Il .s I 



4 

i 



1 f 



I 



hi .... (!,. in |i '■*:.;.'<'.' • s s ••• " r 
in. i< ' ii". 1 ; nt. i till ! a- ijl'ltt 

u «:i .m l woml In I i^ . tin- "In-as-nu! 



-ii p — a n A 



1 



i! 

1 1 



a — r? — _r- 



1 ' j *. . 

g ^ — — 




I, 



other word- thes^fflTestKtltl I WToUghl 

iron to shearing is Ukrji ,,t twoaud a hall 

times the Safe tei-de f -i-'atne Of tin- 

timber. 

third. I m the pi a. in. .a die holts in 
each a way and at such distances from the 
en-Is of th ■ h-h plates and buttitig end* 
of the timbers an to previ at their drawing 
through them. With this \i t . w the -um 

of the joint anas on l Mll !i ,,,|is.,( [he 

pit . i s liable to i n aheared out, whether 
in the tic ot In wo.»ien lish plates, should, 
on either u»k of the joint, ex<*eed the 
effective area ot the tie in the same pro 

portion a- th, tenavity of the Wow] ex- 
ceeds its reahritancc to shearing in the 

direction of its flbrwi, w,.. in pin* or 
hemlock, from sixteen tot went} times. 

Fourth. The tawing area of thcbolta 
mual be auffii icht to prevent their cutting 

their wav through either the limhers or 

the Gab plates, u j s u mis direction 



sties, i- relieved oi mdatnl by ,:, l * 

hart] w I toggle* .a keys which 

an tightly fitted into dadoi a pn pared 
fur them The most exact winV: mshifi 
is required lot this method ui i.-h ■ icing 
or there will be a weaknew wth l«h« 
which ma j prove disastrous n thi 1 ' 1111 

suif i-, a slight OVW load. 

other methods oi employing th« ii-' 1 
plate are show n at Figa, ~. 1 ' '' 
in I ig, » the tabling T T, is nrttiUi 
that thenieat 1'ig. A, bul in the eaamph 
before us the fish plates are Loth round, 
■oid one ot tin m is tabled and tin- what 
joggled into the Limbers, an shown at «.*! 

This makes a very strong jomi lail » 

rather clutaay in appearance Fig' 
shows a seal fetl joint which i- eert ittup** 
and is well adapted to resist .. impression, 
hut is not well adapted to tension.'' or 
noss stiain as the iron plates might bend 
ami leave out the bolts. 



THE CARPENTER. 



hiitvi i \ i i i < ' ■iiiiii' ill i <i 

,. ti d i» inn • I'll' foil l *■■ •"! 
i m at righi i .'i' ' ' ' in ! i tu 
v \\ i . siftu" t w , ■ i .i ; ' \ 
. M | j.iini linrthvi md ■ ■ n 



Wage* and Civilization. 

fx* « m Of, i% ,i,,ah Hi. - if -..„., t 

" 1 '" i i' • • , I lu i \i •■i.'ti i ,]i ijii 'iri'-i 
' 111 iU«l nuhilinu, i uiiimi him l«j 




ii 

IK 



.; ,„. i|i'«l •«« - -iMni'.' i---ln.wii.it lw i. hM.t. »• '.. b,h Mi' ii:., \. -. .. i ,1 ,,iid 
.i,.t< iron li-hplin imhs and niiwtl !• idopuu-nl ami ■ , .in, .• i nm u, 
. „! ' K . in cumldned. This tin ",rw i. .. : «| •;, ; ., . ]u ,. *. l stniejtle 

I vi\ IfOU* •>! lh> '.v-ik In han-ii dtl >-. i'",t:>. i- ,m 

»" -Mil. .Mil , I tl U ' J T'.^ll 

I - 1 'In • >lflfl r ■ WhtlH : in- _',,s, ruitw 
■ I ' ■"■< i i • j|i tin hoi' 1 - i,: bfo ' ,' irting 
•i : _i" '>*•»• ll ipi lltrftbai I.,' I iVujri ,i- 

will < • !-• i. min in ],-.- 

^ m h I', i ■ t> ,:/■ ■ U it!,; , | Hit II 

SpOIISlhiltl \ 111 1^5 po-iliou Hfl'l i ll kbit 

hitfl ■■• ijy i'i: ■ Jim -•' ! t.» m- ■• i to n - 
a !:",- 'J nr«-m, til- i- .;i ii ; ! m-, , —:t \ . A 

I pirt in '.<•:<. struck at thi » igi -"i;]]' '.t'urti i- 



p i - ^" » « 1 



i 1 1 



• i mi )- t j< '.' I 1" .i !: m« 
mill l In ii 1 ii • - "t t !), ] * ' ' 
ft) i: upn •'. -I''-! I ll'" i III' li.i' i .'ji"M thv icinm- lis- 1 ii -- 

,"iti ii-:i ii'l' l -I,...-, 'i i'. ,in j", i- *ntb thi-.cl of grrntstaudtng ttmies, 

in in s in it'.il. I'll .in,! Is, i t, -uli'l Un it '■!'- 



• '■ 



mi hi ill- -I.-"' : : 



ii i"T' in -■ irony null i iini;i| pn—m- government, WtlCT' p»' 



. ■ ;,!<•. -.ii 1 ] .i | ] ■ ■ i 

ll n -h. iltil bv v.. j • t | 



inj.'f«-« » •: 
tt I 



' \::'i.' 1 :)n UlttttllfJX'l "' lite "J" 

;,!•■--. i|, ftm hi !' ill OUI ■ "iinl 1 l (be 

uiiini'it) ui in i* ll* hijjiir>i iinlutfitv, 




^ _ w 



3 



(tii : 'h-'« •i-t« I ; itnws I'm •>' '• 

r i i, i\t ',, ft 1 •« ll Ilrfl I'll* 

-", ■ j-d ..f lll<- - HI - (IK i l«*4 l»,V 

. ■ 

• .... bi.W Hw •-• ••'.-•»• 

:< i . .-ii !.. ;!i. i 1 ■ *|* '.tu' m jti-'. 

,i ituni t" wsisi tifs* »>r.n > -f. >:.»:» i 
h)|i ii i'i' •! n lt|. ..'.' •!• .•*•;• 

in I tg tl] hwbii •! 

•«••« .»•». ■! ti "i tl*' ' 

W lift. m |«tWI : M - " l 

it.iv, <tftmi 1 1 !■ ,.;ui 'l nn»l Hc.irniiji lift* 
mTn • !ii5»!'i\ i •! t" '( "jtin ii ttu inn'*'! 
tin m iltml -h. (mi nl 1 k ' wll I '■ f*'t»ml 
snnniK the bc*t kn«»it. 1 w *!> wfl 
-.In- ntu- ui ji#ini \- •■ itl. • wl ihf 
-i .irf.iiy honrsitj (m vii rhHcit, 

TtlMC .i:e i until' «-t "! 1 itrB j v. v ' \ 

Ki Mi t, Tiflj'iM R ittmi *ml "t'li!-. lie 
lintttK. tin j'ti ji ' |i ' ^:l - .ni.l HMttittii to 
(Ul -i .nl- n| \ ni.--.i- Un'U. whii h it MW* 



!!■• -ii'.uM 

n- must luvi 
niii tlh? u ui ■ 



ni! . int. ":_'i m i iili r. 

ifrilKH !■ • i IfU ni'l ft- 
r w .'.'. '.riiu "•'■ I'im tlu- 



M»nu-iitiie Ii 



,i.',. t.i irtihlish :ii ihr 



i \ki'i m i k tt» ifu . w i n : u- rcniUt* 

Mhutfui) h.i\. mi. ii work in < irj«.*i»*f> ! " 

]' :'.,i!ii Th'!i .m '■-" HI*"? "thn 
j' lnt- in tittlbci sM.ik v\h:>li I MM) m! 
future ixipera Uic itji »«t<t. ii'-.in in 

IR simflk :i fi'tin i- i I— i''U'. 

A VV.ird t«t tkt Wit*. 

C'i*iH a ntvr9 itl IlultUit. MJimi • l "' 
u it nvil In j. in ll»i t ivtti m th» t>T»«t»j - W 
tlv»' Rdrnd uml K< ' k" !,: CnMIJrt'lJ ■ tltw 
min . in ii i- .i kiruv IttiiMitiB I'litttr.ufl in 

I', iltinnm- (UUl tin \ in wlvt-Tti^tlip llWt 
Hi U'.m i .i i |. i mil i — .in- uinli'1 iii lh.it 
ntv. Tli.-\ hUu liavi i • wtti u I i" httttil 
.i litKf ,-it pulnth awl Itav«! hi- 

stnicteil iln ii i. n m. n tin ti> ««•»! K»«t 
fill till i mi j,. ntt i- tin v i in hin . We iki 
nut ln-iii-vi- tint urn fmlulli IitmUht* cati 

l.i ' isily illl]Hi-.'l ll| I'll' 5 VMlllM 

hi einq{wHvtl t»i »iwk lielnw Itii umm 
nettle ui" w.ini s. 

Thk. San Pmncisco l^nlior Council Um 
declared «gntti*t *ny wncmlmewt <' r 1,u ' 
Cbincae Bsctinioa tmi th.u will make it 
lew stringent (bail .it preaeni 



vl'lu.ii. t ,ii t 0*6x1 b>- all uocca^ion calleH 
for it - use, .iii-tl can only be done on those 
On arty other terou peofdc will 
'hi'., :i I., ai'ctithalati private weatttl 
' • n in - Ki--; itii'l thus, .i- we h nve -i-l-ii, 
tii ua-ii- the K'hkIs id tin- 1 tanniuiuty and 
I" ' I'' Hi: ' '■ tlii i Ii', i-imi iiii.M l.i— i--, uliicli 
mi 'I,- ' ' uHtiiiual w-it and wa^tts H til- 

* * * 

I ele^raphcr.s Strike. 

Tlte Ibreatenetl -irikv of tin- tele* 
Mrrt|iberi and other station cinpkiyes id 
:!ii Soutbvrn KaflwiM and Atulmnm t <rea| 
Sontbern Railway, which llfl^heeti j,i-n>l- 
iny ft»i -.-■.' r»l niuntbi. cntite t«*i bead at 
Ail nr. i i ..i., l.i-t we. v when President 
IMifcd, ttf fhe llrder "i Hnftw«) Ti-li- 
•«'i ,;•).< r- . ille»l mi ibe tvlegrapbera l" 

•niii A": 1 . 'iii.- trouldc i"iiitiK-iii i id 
, .nl , lasl fall, when lite telegrapher* uf 
i- 1' li >1isisi in ;ip{K>ititeil h ciirtinitttee tit 
v;.. In I'.n (tu dimbnl -iiiu rititfii'hnit- 

and i*k :i ' til. in. m ui i . rtain grievances- 
1 1 . i r 1 1 1 - - tiu-y nay were refused them 
ind »ri ';•!" ii w.t- made t«» t»eheral 
!su{»erVnte«(i«u) Barrett, al WaiJiingtOtt, 
H-,. l later t" Vice-frcivblent and Oeneral 
M.'ihiijjnr i>atin<>tt. Tile >rffitfur» tii tla- 
i)nh't -t it.- (bat no witiidactirtn was re> 

i ' -.'. tl t'r.iin iIk-m- ... : ' » ,-, rtlld the 
.nii.- kvti fttiallj tit., ii In !'if -i.k-tit 
Sfieiicei wiling M.u'retar> the l'rt--i- 
ileitt u..- 1".. ill t,, cnn»tder the tnatter at 
tin- lime. 

fre*i<U-iil I'oweli ituys the conltnittee- 
iiii n - t< ' te«1 '., reprrs^ent tin uteri have 
been di*nii««ed In tht- tUinibvr 6f mure 
than Iwent) . anil that ibwelw of nn-mlit-rs 
<■! th. 'inlet i>! Bailwa) Telegrapher* 
have 1 i.-n diiwbarged tuscauae of tln-ir 



meUll it-r-li:],. 



ll. 



.i\- the list 



I he Curac <n l*ruflt«. 

i •. . i sure that the time will c<itte 
win n ]n,,-'.i will fiii/l h dtftii , u1i '... he« 

Hew thai 1 1 fi' h ' • ifllWUJlil » -iti-h a- >nr-. 
bavbtjd »Ucb cotliliiBlid "MTi-vtini.dii.i- 
tnre nmhl Itavi sul»iltitte«| tr> live frueb-H 
tin .m. -Iii'- 1 ". , diftj life Stt W**lh Afi 
lino mr all. there I* nothii n in onfcir* 

. ui:n',,!i' • - tare ttf« liui;'.::'^ uf I'l'Miit 
i it it 1 1: r. i - ii> inti ' il ll i- profit a^iieh 
ilrawi> uieo iirtu eimnhon*. unmranagn ible 
tttyjregiittitns called t«»wtis. foi instance; 
prnttl win. h . i< .\\ !- ".!:■ m Hp a h- :i thi-y 
.n. tin ii- nr.ii >;i. n '.' i - withuitl £ mk-n- nv 

npen -j i' i -; profit* which worn take the 
n'..-t ni'lii!.ir\ precautimis against Wrftp- 
pitig .i whole district into a cloud of *ttl* 
plmrims otmkc; abicli tttrita beatttiful 
rivers in'.i' lihbj sewers; wliicb cottileiiiiia 
.ill I. nt tin rich t-. h\t in houses idioti- 
. ,iiU crampe*! wnl confined at tin best, 
and at tin- w..t-t in boil** -t«'i whose wretch- 
idm-ss (here is no name, l say .tiaaltnoat 
ituredible tli.it we slvnukl licat mtcll ytn^s 
xtupidit; a* lhi»! ia*t shouW we if we 
couMhctpil \V« shittibl not Ivear it when 
tin- in'iLi'i- j»vt "in ui theit headathat 
tin \ .in '"it .in a;.]., mbijte to profil Briiul" 
tug, tli.n ibe more itwdits that an- nuulv. 
th, in. in- aniplwymettt w hi^ln-i- wages 
ibere will he fo* theut.atal tltal therefore 
nil tin iucreilibU filth. di*«wi*tand di g«i- 

■littlultld in. "Ii in l ivili/ ni.m an- nitytwof 

tln ii pro*}>erity. 9o f*r fnan that, thry 
an oigtts "I' their slavery. Win n tin >\ 

an no tongei staves they «iii ekdnt, a* a 
matter id waitse. that every man and 
every fatniu shouMWgcwtwujdykidged? 
th.u every child ahottkl in aide t" play in 
a garden clews tu tin- place bis parents 
live In; that tin- house* slwuM, b\ their 
ultvious decency ami order, hi- ornaments 
to nature, not diafigurementa of it. 

All il of cotnae. would mean the 
people that is, all aociety dttlj organ- 
i/i-il, having in Ita own handa the means 
of production, to be owned by no Indi- 



itniuieation t" the ■ ifticlabi of tin.- company 
containol an offer t" arbitrate tin- 
tliliereinf*. Tin- operator* at Chatta> 
in. ..ya. Tenn>, at Ch.irU -t":i. S U.J and all 
'Ji,,-t "ii the Al ii nti i. Memphis, lieotgia 
■ •id Chark -t"'i |H.v«ii«ms ire all out. 

Labor Mas No Influence. 



In congre«s .md in everj legislature 
tin !*•. « of ihi- 1 md have more influence 
mi legtsl.ttbm thm tin- many, and hence 
tJu- statute l.i.'ik- arc Riled with law- of 
-]« '. id privileges by which the many lire 
ri.i, 'n d for the itenefit of the tVw. 

It -i-i-ni- 1" tin.- n> i-i- easier for a few 
monopolies t" pass a Md through con- 
ereas ibmiittng to themselves millions 
.md itii'.;i.,:i- .>! dollars of iln- public 

liii.tii'v than it i- for all tin.- Worktngmen 

i if .Vmerics t" past i general act making 
the favored few pay ibeir Just share of the 
bunlens <>r tin government. 

fjverj day we witness the passing of 
i.i ' for tht few, Imt Uow tlifttcult it is to 
p.,— ., ^""d hill for the Iteneflt of all. 

Take for instance, the hill making 
eight hours a legal day'- work, it has 

been in congress i number of years and 

fail* to become a law. Honest labor de- 
mamls the enactment <>i this measure. 

It i-.i good bill and SttOUl'! he passed, Imt 
it hangs tin-. In tlu- last inn^ress it 

paascd lie house, hut was put t" sleep in 
i he senate, This wai I have reintroduced 

it and will Tirike the fight of ills legUtta- 

tive hfeto{maait ere this cougressadjoams. 
There are many other labor measures, 

-M, h .i- tin- hill to suppress tlu- sweat 

-in,}'-, i" abolish government by injunc- 
tion, to |iievent jiri-nn made ^nods from 
I'liinatin^ with honest labor gOoda and to 
pay the letter carriern decent wages, 
pending in emigreas that should be passed, 
but that «ill not be passed simply because 

lal...r baa very little inllueuce there. 
Thesi "ill- an- above criticism and are de- 
Utanded bj the toilers all over the country, 
hut tin ii demands go unheeded and Uieir 
petition- l;o into the w.istehasket, while 
congress wrangles day in and day nut to 



lake from iln- tunny mid beatow on the 
selfish fi-.v. 

'I'll'- workingmen of tin- country will 
never get their rights, will never remedy 
tin* evils thai affli t tin- body politic ami 
will never •*■< are the reforms they de* 
m ind until tin j a— ert themselves and by 
virtue ol the prtuiary and (he ballot 
nominate sml elect Itonest, sincere and 
patriotic men tu nrtice ptedgeil to lenis- 
laie for tAUi.'tmgmiuiitH Sntefr-41 
) 't>rl: I. iii, ufa IHmu i ■ 

The Untoll label. 

The ntdot) l i'.i l i- the workers' trade 
mark. The rapid devclo|itnen( ol lias 
industries of this counm und the great 

-Iride- nii'li- ill economics in the last de- 
cade have forced lipOtl the fllimKot th'- 

progressive elements in trsule unions the 
ni-ci-— ity for tin- producers hiving a de 
sign or trade mark to plan UpiMi ih-- 
go.«l- t.roduced hy them, which Carrie* 
with u a guarantee that such products 

arc made under f.iir and ju-t ci mdil i.,n-, 
and that a living Wage is pawl i<> those 
w;,.i prorluce them. The pre^etH e of the 
label testifies, too, that neither children 
nor convicts Worked upon the goods, li 
thus becomes a certificate <,: worth no) 
from the employer, hut from the employe 
Mttll attention is j.aid h) the con- 
sumer to the conditions of work and to 
the cmditioiis of the worker- in the pro- 
duction of the article- -..M in the stores, 
though far more w orker- are employed in 
this department than in the sale of the 
manufactured good-. A- the customer 

doe- not buy at the factory he gieesno 
thought to it, Bnd as the factory and the 
-weal -hup are not Open to the general 

public their defect- do not immediately 

injure their In -ines-, a- i> likely to he 

the case with the stores. The dailj pres- 
ence of customers in the stores makes it 
necessary that they should be dean, 
sweet smelling and wholesome, and nlso 

that the employe- shall appear to he in 

fairly comfortable condition, but all this 

is wanting in the factories. 

The label is a help to the worker in the 

factory and shop, and at the saihe time 
protects the interests of the consumer. 
Hv purchasing label goods yon unite with 

the w orker- in their Struggle to make the 
Conditions under which work is done 
more sanitary, the condition of the work- 
ers safer and the products of betterquality. 

Theoretically the public does helieve 
that worker- should have a fair chance to 
live. Hinl that human beings are not to he 
regarded as mere machines or hea-ls of 
burden. We all helieve that it is better 
for people to help themselves if they can 

than to get Homebody else to help them. 

The union label appears to he the only 
means of helping the workers in the fac- 
tories to help themselves. It is a mere 
business device of the American working- 
man, invented to protect himself from 
broken promises and crooked dealing in 
the business world of bargains and com- 
petition- ii originated without senti- 
ment ami without consciousness of having 
anything more than the ni'-t sordidly 

practical of uses. Rut, like all sound 
business methods; it Is notably well-fitted 

tO help along the progre— of humanity, 

To any one who realizes the uudi riving 
significance of the trade union the practi- 
cal good sense of the device liecn tie* it- 
stroiigest claim to confidence. T! e talari 
has great poMUdtitie*, and close ; con- 
cerns others as well aa the men who 
fanned It. To these men it nu-.m- staple 

: ulvantage-in w lge*, hours, -m roinn lines. 

honesty and 1 i;! eompatitton, 
As for the huyer t on whose dent ind the 

sin-cess "i tailor's work ihj.eli.l-, its 

value to him, though less evident, is 
quite as great, th . as well the em- 

ployet awl the vorker, may Ami positive 
advantage in u-nig the union label. .\>.v 
lira. 



P 



\ 



8 



THE CARPENTER. 



THE CARPENTER, 

OF FICIAL JOURNAL Of THE 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

PuMUhf i Monthly on th.' Fifteenth of each month 
at 

Lippincott Building 4* N. Twelfth StreH, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. J. McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 



■i Bit Post- Office at Philadelphia. Pa . at 
\t mi .: lit sj:it: 



SUSSCRiMlcm Pmice -Flfr» tenia ■ y«r, in a4- 
■/ante, po»tpai4. 
ail latter* anj mooey to 

P. J McGuiPB, 
Bo* &Bt, PhilaJelphla Pi, 



PHILADELPHIA, APRIL, I<WO. 



Again, " Who is at Fault ? " 



nv s \ m. 



i.i i i i\r.v. i i.t.. 




1 1 I ds h is tn 'tiling w Inch adds to 
111" >1 1- enlightenment "ii :tli y 

■ i ut-i i< >n .it issue than that 
brought ill >* «nt by .hi inter- 
change oj views oi opinion; 
a discussion Ml the \ iri> m - points and 

bearings o( any subject in controversy. 

I atn reminded more directly of 'his bj 
an article in the March number of Tiih 
C\ri'k\tik contribute*! h\ Mr. w. H. 
Taylor of Denver, Cot., with the caption 
" Who i- at Fault ? " It i- pleasing to 
know that the gentleman < j \ ii 1 1- agrees 
with the writer u{«onmuch of what he baa 
to R»y in a former article; " Ka p nut of 
Polities! " He says, however, that tie docs 
not agree with the conclusion* he is 
forced toilraw from the question, " Who 
Is at l'ault ? " and that the party asking 

does nut answer it. it would appe; r that 
a lack of comprehension would force such 
conclusion upon the mind of my Denver 
friend, but it developea tliat he at least 

apprehend- the parties gttilty, if mil 

entirely, at least in a great measure. 

It is to he boned that all who may read 
this, nun have read previously, not only 
the article- " Keep out of Polities ! " hut 
also, the article of the Denver gentleman, 
else they may nut sufficiently understand 

what ni.iv he herein staid. It is not 
exactly fair to clip a sentence from the 
bod)' of an article, ami belabor it with 
inisinterpretatiun and wrong conclusions, 
anil then leave the reailer in the midst of 
conflicting reflections. This the Denver 
gentleman doe*. lie quotes from our 
former article, as to who is at fault.' as 
follows : 

" Not the successful ones, certainly. 

Not the ones who have eon. l ived and 

carrieil to accomplishment the schemes 

whie have given them ele\.ition to 
power ami profit. Not those who laugh t„ 
y "com the pitiful pleadings of the expressed 

for relief. ' ' 

And then asks the question, " If th. ae 
are not at fault for proving false to their 
trust, pray who is? " 

He .Iocs not give the rea.lc r the slight- 
est intimation as to who is meant by the 
ones named who are at fault, as* was 
plainly done by the writer, 

111 OUT article " Keep out of Polities ! " 
we preceded the above quotation, hy 

laying 

" For the workingntau, it is only by the 
exercise of his political power that he can 
ever hope for the absolute redemption 
from evils which oppress him. This can 
never he done hy politics in what may he 
termed a partisan sense, The average 
WOrkhlgnuUI has .some knowledge of 
what he may expect in that line. Repub- 



lican mi IVniMital, I'.'pulist ,it Ptohibi 
tionist its .ill the same, when M conies 

to action in his hehalf Partisan prom- 
ises cai fof naught. Majorities will 

upon eithei sides; tin w! p* arul bui 

rahs signify satisfaction ai tlw victories 
achieved; men are Inducted into place 
and power; speculation, rohlawj an 1 ci»r» 
ruption characterise the general tone of 
legislation, and administration oi affairs, 
and the general mass of workiugmen like 
the gilly in the hunt for snipe, an I) fl ti> 
hold the hag," 

Nmw. this preceding the extract ijUoted 
by the gentleman from Denver, wrshould 
imagine would lie answer sufficient for 
any reasonable man. 

The "successful ones," spoken of in 
the extract lave not been, him will tliej 
continue tn he M successful,'' by 'heir 
own volition of their own choosing. 
They did not Walk futO position and 

power by the simple t xervisc of voluntan 
will, The > were placed there not only by 

the consent, but hy the legally express, ,! 

will of those wini put them there, N" 
one will question that thej are at fault if 
they betray any trust nt ilut ■ imposed 
upon them; that of course is gricvou* and 
is subject to direst censure; but ii 

instead of heing hurled turn pMwcr 

and relegated to the obsvinity from 

whence they sprung, they are returned 

again and again, t.i a repetition of 
former acts .if violation of contldence 
and trust; if a mass i>f constituents in 
stead of voting a disapproval of ra&cality 
and wrong>dotttg shall repeat their former 
action and return the perpetrator* to a 
repetition of former action, the. signify 
their emphatic approval of Mich conduct 

and the censure, instead of heme; placed 

witoliy u,Mii the few wliM exercise and 
enjoy the treaclterj ott tiieii calling, 
should fall upon the ant hots of crime, 
already exposed, who give evidence of 
approval and wnction by an expressed 
will in the casting of a hail..: favoring a 
Continuance <>f any outrage with which 
they may he inflii ted. 

There seems to lie much truth in what 
might be classed as au ndnge " if a man 
fails you Min e in the performance of ., 

trust, that's his I.mlt. j| In- fails y«U the 

Kecond time, that's your fault.' 

Tin- gentleman s remarks abonl the 
treatment of a foreman to his fellow- 
workmen is not gemiuiu to the subject 
in question; and while the writer gives 
bis fullest indorsement to much tint he 

has tO say in CC US II re ot ,iiie who Would 

betray a trust of any kind, he does not 

consider as fair the manner hi which he 
calls up hypothetical illustmtiomi snd, bj 
implication and etitanglentciit place* the 
writer in BllUlgotlisni to pure and , orreti 
principles >>f wbicb be lias utriven whb 
the faithofevangelisui to|>rcacli fnettearl} 

half a century. 

There is much .if vital isssue it stak.- 

just now , which should fjjve the workings 

man reason K. pause and reflet 1 upon his 
duty and privilege ill the exercise of the 
ballot. No man need lie ignorant of , i,n- 
ditions which confront him, and each one 
should solve fur himself the problem of 
threatening crisis in the political (atmos- 
phere. It is idle to say that the working- 
man is not Individually interested, ii,- ii 

interested and more so than any other . lass 
of our nation's population. Imperialism, 
militarism and judicial tyranny are ipies- 
tions the Settlement of which are vital to 
his present well-being and future welfare: 
unequal taxation; combinations of wealth 

to the detriment of weaker investments; 
legislation favoring the few as against 
the tuany's Wbaided and special privi- 
leges against an equality of rights; liberty 

of thought and act ion; empire or republic 
all rise up anil appeal to his consideration 

for judgment and solution. He does not 

have to he a politician to determine what 
is beat for him hm! his fellow-toilers. IK- 



dors ii, it luive t'i saclilnc Ottjt iliin Ol 

principle in his duty m him 11 thw* 1 

depend, hi ii]">:i hltti Hi d«W ■ U01 loo 
1m In* a IMrtijilll and loll. ,w the iM'l mi 

dogma iiistiintcd |ai6lfv«d ttick"»»vi 

and mounli! i.mV. - In till' in'gbd nl 

own inictesss ..nil i^iHslblr dcMini Cn 
the in. nit i ol it in. his,- ai ! w he d nn)s 

isptill liefoie llle law . 1 1 hi h i- IliU I! 

fool, d with "' swindled in lit*' < <« o w "' 
his t.aliiit. the futftl lies "i'h those in 
Whom lie pined his faith; n In . wtili-nt 
gi\ iu^ tlnrnghl 10- the rvsttb vi bi: ictt*«h. 
shall r» peat hi* ertfilf, and kh.il! ik'nn ' "'d 
tieacheiv ill In- he will ln\< liooni 

to Matuc irttt htynseU Then i- nuibnwj 

aliMiit tin-, it is tact, .lid ippi i'- to lh< 
sens,- and jn.l^uieti! of ever? > mi n. 

workitigmati therwijM 

Our llenVet friend might i vpi u.| solui 
time and tllottglH ill the dolt. >n •<< the 

deri vation of |wi»\er eHetci>M l*n |« »wetrul 

i Mrporatiiiii- in 1 i omldit itiotis "t > ipii it 
iii tln ii he nth s- i x I'mii- upnn"iln re* 
siimces of th. rowumil pfrprr lb 

might stu.lv out Ih *.n. i - id ni 

nieiit lav mi w hi' h ■ r l' 



■ Ht -o. il v 



tn 



in i | ii ' >i i 

- i|J . lire \ . n 
ipOll . .eld !.. 
■- Efl i -an; Of ■•!'■ 
mills.-.. .!..:• || - 



HCglCsp'l ick - ' t ■ . I 

i >f twi ni '. miltii ii 

ii the c.'s lu. i . 
i apitaii e ii- hiti n 
|iundre«l aiwl d.vtt 
Thn e is -M!:a other rv^tson Ijntu tit* pLmi 
investment of utotie which ii ind Wiim 

nthel bj. Irn -headed l|}i>llstels t'| [o in 

wresting and wi'ti-in- fjotti iln p> .• '.- 
sM man', itiitrtrucd million^, 'i n m oil 
year out, ,Vl-»*i the^tigat trusl thetrd'Mt i • 
tin-: nfud a loiij{ lis] nf •>th< t- whfrfi |n 
their impiisit!..; - iM*i exaeliotis. *t ml .- 
a im-rai e ti'.l llolU lo ; ill llti 

development of th* \ <'.:•• - h ! • 



tin 



if, i t'd w- ll 



If 



a;; 



hut t 

ttf the ■ ■ illVflK .11 |>c-Opl( 

And riyht hi re, it ni .: 

]m ,. e i;i th. ■ il illlii .:i . if • a. v. I ■ , f. 
dt iw i tut ■ (if ■. .nt; o : laytM 1 11 
the.,- niMii-;, ■ ,,j . \ |i t-,."- (otiird in tht 
mi.iiiijnilistn tiu-i,, tbe">U n sfnl 
mies in M*r,, i in Which istl I*enver friei ! 
finds so mill !i ' censure Tli UMaiuip(t1> 
robbers i mtbl n«rl ex. r. is.- h ■ > 
and atroctoil* exaction* withinii 
tial, if ii"t material od from sttperroi 
power, It will iiMi be amivi ;.• itivi-sti 
gate what th n -up, nor powei i-, .ml frkfii 
whom it is deriveil, wliai p<.»wvi il i - that 

grants the riyhi ..f a m |..>! lo-fmstUi e 

arti. li s nf c.i-sumT.;:.,n at silcll value i. 
will en rtde it , sj...rt and trans;, r sin It 
articles l.. f. >n :gn port-, fhrmsinds Of 
miles di-tani . and pi a i tli. ui ,.!! th.- 
market at iigmv* tower than thosf ei • ed 
from home cmtuuers, H .- not runi h ..i 
a problem t*i l>e ...i,. ,| i, ordiu u > renvoi 
to discover tiial ihi- p..wet is oni «.> 
govertunettbd parentage exercised M 
bodies ol men existing themselves * nth 
with dele gat w| rs>wef«, Ii is all well 
enough, 'ml ma snftlcieirt to «ty thai Ihoj 
are in |iusitioil 1" l.itras the trusts int' 

poseii upon bj ih.- people, and tli.it ceo> 
sure *»niy, sentimental inrtiOierwisv, diould 
lie piled upon them- All jwwer in -i n 
publican form ol goverunteut is derived 
from ih. people; and if the people, as 
forme*! ol tlw coiimuou masses, not onlv 
ll.mit but c m pliasi /e their npprovnl, 

year after M ar. bj a rej i titlon of form, t 

choice and selt lion in delegated author- 
ity. 1h. I.iult docs not lie wholly in the 
representative, or ratlter mis-reprcscn- 
tative, Inn in the ..ii. s who not only, 
aomiexee, hut iiulorse, hy their hallnts the 
treachery IIIlposc<l Upon them. 

Trade union |ieuplt need no lietter ex- 
periment than is ,|. nioustrated by the 
union, liarniany ami frnternil) width 
lands them together, and assures aucceiM 
lo all united .in.rts. it is not nteeaany 
to disiiirh tin autonomy of separate trades 

tin safely on this line is on* of ,1|- 

jireservation. Bj orgsnijtatkm, men of 
different callings have lie come more iu- 



tvlligl lit . In llei I nil. i tiled, h,i\ i , | 

Uiuh i -t.c •!m^ al'oin then , ,, 

dlli >ns. and kll.n\ h'.w lo r, tli.d' ii 

iii^: ills, bow hi hiing Hhom refi^u 
tn. tin al mrt uuh fm i h. ii own i 

mi nl but f< a tin | ni iitii hi.i 

1 1n- .i imfftii aw . .| , ii heis I,. -..), 
-el \ . - It isiiot oulv their f iehl, l.ni , 
n| th« "tr duly i" ' I M ' I ■ ■ ■ MiiMiiii. | , ., ,. . 
.s ,•, . i inn. nt mnnit if net, si itemii! ti 
The vt>te of oil.' itti/cd 1 ibot. it poll. 
Unit wnsld .i 1 1\ r. >bl oil the winim . 
and Ii i u- liMj'i (hat ihe d.u m , 
when it m o- re ib/e its importaui i , 
bmiiil on the lii m \ side of the l. d.oi 
ihe , or c oi hnmunil \ . 

1 he City of I i^ht. 

ii, , t •■ i in ml ii . i .. ; a tui 

M, ii ,■ a Fll lb* U ci'' 1 - ■■ I ■ 
I ' . 

W . '.a. i t,.l> sot II •>'< Mil 
|. . i - ■ 

W . i, : . ■ . . •. t HlKhl lMI II i. i. 

; . . , 

I 1 .!-, ,...'l.l , .*.-'*..l >m 

v i , , , it ■ 1 ■ , ti ; , 1 1 , 

\ • " . mi . \ .1 ■ a t*i< a lit, i . — » , 
i ■ , 

w ■ ■■ I I 



■ 

' 

\.,a ri • 



CT 

' II 

. >>ri. 
111, l- 

i in 

■III 
( 

.■ at. 
i ni 

n hi 
' '.l 



in 



■ 

n v, ■" ..... ... - ■ iivi -.,*.,' 

■ 



No On est ion Settled VMil it is Set 
tleJ rfi^hl. 



II m > ■ r| il,. Iijatitff i- • ri'!' 1 

l ) n. ; h ■a'.'iil' ill. i. a ■■" - 

Will '! 1 , r ■■-,,,.■■' ,.'. |.| ii III; ti i, . 

Am! ,-> liinii k - T'i' 1 . i.| ,'t'it'i. 
sol! || ii|li ; tin !.. I, ,i. r i in .'t.. 

tn :■ in , - . ,t 1 1 ... ';.-■' 

S • ■ -1 Ion i - * ■ ■ -• It). •' 

i in : i h \s Mtiiiixl i uflM 

i ' i , . i i iiu i ,. , ■ ,,i 1 1., ,,.,.,..„,, 
m .- . i is.l ii' •.. ..k in is. a«M 

IriI t 1. 1> ill >t ii II ilHi I I .on 

'.J . ■ I | . on .■ | • a n l i,-t 
I .. i i w|»e b|i| ' "i. ! (akr « II in'u- 

Vtlil k. i j. lloa in o . it. . I,- ' i 
\. . ij.iwtiuH 1 - >■ t . , -■ ol. | 

I no! il i . ..M1..J n, ,( 

1.' I Hi"-e „ J,,, tut, , | n|. 1 i ,1., . „n 

I I ' ■ ■ n v * , M.i ,ii.iii. i | , l.i.i ii . .ti 

I Ii" la. i. ink- - M«H il h* I" In ' 1 " 

I In- I'Dltll- l« |V it '.. I .I..T1. 

I i a - it* .1- Ih. ,,14,111111 < lull 'ii- 

Th* >1iu10 .i - a tin niirlit, 
->'• .i, ..ii,.,. 1. 1 , . i M , . i 
t'ulfl II |. „ ul. 1 il . ■ ■ I 

I I 111:111 I...IM ,| ,1 ,,m nil 1 1 ...,■< 

I I noim 11 van.' • ■ 1 nli] 

II h> :iU ll(.J,n .1 II, III.- 1 . . 1 1 1 I I ''I. i-l 

mil . 1 n-1ii .| |,j tin '."ii • 1 "I l' ■ |i| ' 

k> < >p ..ii wtlti s .an nitiit) i.iiitii- 

A ji.ni-l 11 1 in ; .lin it I Itliirtll 

Nil l,ll< sll.,l| Is l-M I -,,-UI. || 

1 not 11 1- 111. , I ,i k .|n 

* * » 

A uovkmmmt lias been stinted im tw 
Iwnding together in a union of 
street-car employes of Chicago. A cn* 
cntai distributed to ihe homes of in>iinr- 
men, gripmeu and comtnetorv all ov< 1 '' ll ' 
citycalhi iijkhi them to join in a move, 
ment to reorganise tin- unions disrupt*" 

after I lie great strike of IWH. 




9 



fundaini m i1 law r.l hi ..:-],. 
spirit i umrn 



General Officers 
uf tht 

tffiited Brotherhood of Car- 1 ' ' '" 
p nters and Joiners 



of America. 



If in out Hifij ! v,,. U }, S | ,,|.,, 

ItFttl )«IWi : of i ;,j.u,i!, ,,,, 



" ' f: ' M< :n i ; ; tvr shall >*fc 

:! "' " ; *'*M i»h fid if. .].•• i ,rniiallv 

OFFTf OF GENERAL SECRETARY; ,. ^ 

Lippi irHuU.hftg. ^N.JwtriiUStieet, kuiidi-1 «„,j that th* cmtun 



Philadelphia, Pit, 

qinchal rm jioint 

W 1 i' HI H. .' Wavrflj S! . V ,„k.n N y 

p J M tl INR1 1 ' « "« WlhBitljWfl I'i 
FlAST V>Ce F« r StDINT. 

Wii::»« uai If 1*1 W. t\J*St.Qiica-«lN 

.SECOND VlCt-PWeSIDBHr 

Wlill.w A He.si.IY < Ctry Vln Av-m,.. 
^ , , , . |, Mjsi 

CENlNtl EXtCUTIVI BOARD 

u ■ r . » t Mm <. i i< ii .si [r mjit^j 

l |h« ' i.' . i i. Si.- r.tur. I rMtUTM 
UMI 1 M I A SI . i j r 1 IgM rr ' . iV| N. i ^ rV 
] k Ull ttff. t*M H. TaVtot M#„ S< 1 .Llv M . 
», I i A I I 1 f Ml I I , ■ W ll Hi »i >.u 1' . 

Ill 

! |tf [i i WAI / HI PtlOMM v' Har-t ., ] i -, r n 

M WiU-JAMS M it* »• Mania. <.■. 



'-" n ■ ii |l ,-[.,( ;,|,^ri-s. The 

W\*l' ri Ptnj in i n -c I m to i npi f.,r all 

• Wtltl '1 |l II j | '. ; ,„-, (M,\ts\ 

1". !>!■■ 1 . ,i, ,,; ,|,. , ,| [.,.,,.„ f\XfV 

•if- vii .". !•• ■•' . h ili ; • mli ft mi m in h>, 

Wmhiil ■■ ■ :!)-.• i il. (•, «nme o-mj.,1 
I-'W. ' Th' . m ito mini ike ftf )rn ik 

! ivt- -ail Ui. ir 5.:. Lstire ..r ptotit. J.ikt 
'Ii' btniin v i H U th" v.-M -unl 

! !••• -J J.lk. the 

hanm. w' • • :, . ..i -id. r .ble ir.im'.'-rs 

lk*> mill : '■ it.- irmuliitt 

I m if-, r;. i'„.- lriMti-». iiV 
Ht« ! I'i • Ml <• 1,.im;i». tll'.'\ 

«•"«''•: ill ' i *■■• '•: 1 h-k« uuml brs of 

if. ti ..... • « •(). • 1; t . • ••: i ' : <'.'.• the 

•i'.-.s. r fif •• ' itji \0 w iii 

l»ll tilt l)ll| ■.■!.•' i»jH :•!• r.iri..:i- ..f lift- 

• !t?v Mn !»< tli- ^ -ti-tii ill m 

a. i. •. ivkiSi -m 

: i f*. t< i ui »t 

\\ :\ '! (ti - Mtt. *■ •! . ' ii'.f h i. in i. - 

fw tin « until i 1 * . ,1 t iiS.ir ,iifl 'I..- 

r:, ,! it '.. . ;i it. ,?i lit ;.:..•!•.;.•!« .«• Lj ..r. 
H*ln H .\ ,■ .,. . • i ; . , . | . .. • .!,.• T 1 . i in i ■ mi ; " ' ' -i mi ' ■ 1 II 'ft-- 1 il 'Ii?' t4 
UilllUtilu Ml .. •ut\, "'.' •? ' l.ikv t|fi i tto»r*MM 



rtw Mnetrenth L(.!itur> 



whrti iW» }ti vr* v". 1 !.' - ' • • 1 1 ' ■ ; ' t ! , . . ■ )■ .t ' -' 1 
:r» iln •<■:. ... i] Ii in<] •• I. : Ihrtw, wtcrti '» 
w.- hi... ■ n>ntVW|i| '!• ■! '•■■> ' 
,"i' i- vij l - ""i" '• IMlHfiitt< • ••:s:n-< ti •! 
Will ■: >"..\ 1 .it lire (tun •'. >0l I i«* 

'('t ltl»l (111 I «'V. • '• ■ 1 *'l ! Ill .ul' i 

'■> .i '». utii lilfli iui .'1 
\V!i .t f,- 1| , ..... j, niAfl 1" "I' 

•!'!'•' 1 till \iHi •''.'< h I'I 1 ' I Li »♦» 

tl 1- iA 1 ti ■:!..• 1 i 1 n '''■■ ' »'i 11 
m b .■•> ! I ll win •■;!•■.»■:, I" 

sul *i . i ■ t • in k tin vi fhnt vsi ill «vtl>l 1 
ICf/w*U'. tn I...H >tmjt id 1 1 frl 11 

*• ni;in\ niinntcv tii 11 tlu ■> . 

ut .-.in 1 r 1 , 1 . ii tl, . in.) -!], n - 1 '! 



Ill . 



ill lt« *1 • ! 1 v i)c|M.*llill lit 

''•;.■ V l: i tin '. ..t wink tot MIS' 

. ,j, •> t. ih'"' iu .ii 1 "injifij.*! t »• l:t>li .-"l U. 

t , , 1 ;., 1. it '!p - it — :t t i».' .Til- 

.... 1 Q-j iu« ii ' ." ••- n ; .V< - i'i I ].ritn.ir s >-» 

, .\ 1 * ■ " I T 1 1 I till I- ''IV' I" 

U ,1. t '. it..'< • ' lilt" !)••• V I f 'HI the 

, 1-'.;. u It. ti ; ■ ■ :'i it t!;r h it"i! wiil 
I ■ iv 1 liltti '1 tnitv t>. l.i'.nr, 

.1 . t:, l.'lt ll , tht- ..pjiur- 

!•!!.:• 1 •• th • till IMlf i«f tif* ii» *Mlje 
j I i j .: I»! '< IteMil. UlllitV 111 V 
. . lS , 1 , f < il ••'•■!.■" 11 1 Mil H r-l i. lUTl .n- ' 
i l; .,,., a- in tii UTtilfll Al;. *, mie uf 

th> ^> l*M >n* ll »tn<iT" 'A. i.vit with n.ivi. rti- 



1*1 Mttnttl+li.] M;.t 1 1 t 1 tt*sv\ Iwuillj «»i-»" lU«uiM»Kt •«< Hi.- rctiiti- 



tni].s Ii.,-;.. h j . In >.irn 

th.i'. «. 1 m fin. ,1 sluii '.". ..ti uiilt'i itud 



r-.. S'"v. 1- tin :i |j ..vtauu-iit i> 

[.'•.tfi'tinii. 



that wtr kill i mutt ltmuiiih tw*» trt* 1 v.«. .1- il 



m livi-rt tho 
it, l»lilj trn-ks 

lint Imw to it with iht'i «Mtl n»t.l sttftit «»! wW» thi lr< iitj. iti-! • v. h- th.-.r i.n»is-r 



. , ui|i : 1 llii it «•« .1 l«r> 



ni.iti t Is lie l„.;t, r ,,, }| . j j j, | 1. .• < 



In- 



-U in- ..1 t.siiMti 1 ■ tliri'rt Uiok-il* 



inesiim.t'.t*. {.rivilciie- 1 >. (tie . ik] ..t »'•;••••' 'h- r: " 1 " »'• " '' ,l1 



tBetcntor) fitut Ihniitii! •>■ . ■ tr»>nw»nti»l 
■vtits. any fttrthei fruti -1 '.!. nit. hijflltl 



|s tlu m ii. 1 : ' ." if i' 1 11 ! 
rj kiii.J l.i- irtiil li it. ui-- 1 if in* 



m his |.,: t j,.,.. , |J,., „ t , , ., ,,,,„! .Is;. If. ti..\v. .is 111- t. w< :« U'i: ! h" itti'.] 

hii»? Is he tuv t«ctter in reUtioU* Ui hut**!* isnjw tlirn. Tin- kiml bvart 



tfili-n ut, tni.r,. hrlpfnl . 1 tiit««> ^> - 1 1 « t. ..i- ? 
I s li- ii ,s umlttl th. ilnmiiiiiiti .4 

Av.in. . ,m.1 .'lite, .in-. :•:■;!].: ffi nil till 
material ht,- th it Ii n.i.-u. .n l ilwrtn*) .r 
H i- li" in tin nvrniiic nn imtiH 1 i Ii 1 "f H 



l»f till '.IT..TI TII ikl - 11" "ltl'tl M Til f t.l tilt' 

si,\. ... |»mi>! iii tbt" -titti mi, 
Tiit*w WT 1I1 it are will twitted 

K" Wt'fC .l.iv.-s til it wi-rv w*il 
Th' kt'i'l nl li"':... m.iki's 



Hvlim ii is h« n-.-:i in hi . |.< ■■. i-j.tii.'.e 
'leu'tci- fri.tn the |>rit}iittvc . rwl nl i*t* 



no* : IB* 
houWdif . ' T 
m-itiff* ' • ' 



'.>ii^ \u» tin v i-.; iii.ij": ity 
of men a-.* : H« i : liv,-. in larren 

to il' ti 1, !•;•• t: .it. ..f 111-- i' irtfc 

ii»K.in I hiiMiiiw' Mu- mtl«-i I. lie th*" he > m-i..l ,ui.l llu- few furtoHote 

«W« Uf i.l,M.,.f Christ mil Iran V..I- ma* fc>-rl rut nu laUw '« alHiw re 

|eani of t' - rui: of tin . mli than they can 

wihete am nntre hrotlu*r1 1 .miotii W 

»»tl? Isth-r, :,„,„...., . .p, .1.1 - - Any ■■, Mle i,!.,:ir.^Mii.il>^.^- 

wi'h r rtecngnitioii ,.f rij<ht> J \n- th» t».i cotidil. "ti- r< 111 im tin 1 annf. 

mort s,., „, , ,„ ,be , tm itK ...... e «>• telephone are Oesir- 

IWbcarine? nble thitiff ; ihe "team eii^tnv iKTiorniji 

1« la* actual eomlition ..f the me*, wonders, hive the iin^t luxurious 

"*eltnin K ui»j«rit> „l matiktn-l on. whi* sleeping Mr- in the worl.l, we produce 

better? Are mo»t men realh freer, |w«it"IH'tu- »>'.sl mtnmte and 

'"ore independent, less the slaves .jf tOMUflnf * i'1'hierv , we make light with 

Nrnwl of oUler menr Have they any electricity, we are * irriwl aliont by 

■«* joy in their live* ur an v nion linbtl "team. 

. *«i« many wen, even nw*t men. live Will »oni. one kindly mention one of 

* better honacs: true, most men, il our Imwahnn Hi H in ibeen turned 

BttTupeand America at lea*l liavc mora hfrft • mlditimial tmod fm industrial 

™mUis; mu- that ntuat ..f then, have sUiTcry? tnn- ih.n 1ms ,...t U-foii.v the 

*tteri,H*|; most «»f them have lon^ef iostmnwB* "' <«*""<*<\ Ifeed? One 

«!«•; moat of them know more of tht that ha», W l Income a vast machine for 



vir. ,t:n^ iIk irtnis ..t thi earth from 
IhoMi thai have toolHtk and adding them 
t<> thus" 1 li it have too mu, h 1 

" !-• Ito liovht n fine thin^ to have 

machine* that make shoes. What ttbont 
the ilarkewcil lives ami hopeteas toil of 

ilp . ■* that run tlf machines ? 

Again*, the telegraph ami felephone I 
put tile I . i t BikI oi I.uii Ion and the rear 
teUeni in- .,1 N'. w Vork: against tin.- 
<"it..:i mill, tiie m. -n that operate it; 
iigaiilsl tht deejung car, the anthracite 
coal regions of Pennsylvania: against the 
tr..;:- ; car, tin- Me k list and the company 
stor ■. 

Is ta.-r,. an> progress! visible in this 
jirosji.-. 1 » 

tio int., one ot thos.- Pennsylvania 
mining towns, Ohaewe the terribte 
sti i j;.:. fur exi-'en. ••, the Miuatid houses 
ami ih" i tiuishwl children, the unblened 
live., tiie toilers robbed and cheated, 
kepi in their employers' debt, doggetl by 
»pics, denie 1 tit* privilege of doing enough 
la' .or to gel lliemielves food, without 
hop without li^'llt. without cheer. 

Can the 1 .r couple* or the threshing 
machine "r iiuj other noble triumph of 
ittiteU'i nth century cirih/ation make 
iintends. fi>r wteh comtitiona ? 

In NYw ^■ork tin |¥M>r shiver for lack 
of . .1! in Pennsylvania are mountains 
..t fuel, the earth'* free gift toman, ami 
thi at ■ inds "t men anxii ills to mine it that 
:ii m<iy get I tread and live. An>ihetweeti 
si tiu| the barotis of itwlu*trv who will not 
It t t!i" miners mine so that the poor must 
shiver until the) Jtaj a higher price for 
\' irmth, 

Ij . . m s L -i tny tigliaof r.-al eivili/ation 
in that - 

TllV ■ hole worl l tells the same story. 

Wll it Utile ii.. of talking al«»ut civili/a- 
ti'.u m l ]ir..^r. when the nation i. now 
1 nj< ige«l in tti (king war for siunlry lumps 
■ .-..i'l upon a nation a pigmy in COW- 

pir>.i-i' Wh) talk of advancement when 
tiie strong ileHbenUely purposedlor the 

s.ik. id gaiil to ol.liiciate the weak? 
VY;i\ boast of Letter conditions in the 
fill . of in international crime far more 
savage and > riit-1 than the partition of 
Poland ? Why pr.iu- about an enlightened 
pnl il it: opinion when the worl.l sits by 
an 1 permits this monstrous, spoliation ? 

The etnl "f this century sees all the 
lutionsof tiurope except two still cling' 
tng to the huge ineffable absurdity of 
thrones aiui king** it sees legislators 
an I rulers —till wielding power by the 

divine ri^hl of birth. It sees a subtle 
strengthening of remaining feudalism 

through lie profound r u-tionary in- 
UltetlCt ofHnglalttl. It sees the toilers 

evi r> where crushed itwlei the appalling 
burden "i militarism and armaments. It 
sees nations building empires with the 
slaughter of ntcciutnd the robbing of lands, 
It sir. even in the freest countries the 
steady alworjition of power into the bands 

of .1 few. 

ll tens race slill hating race; it sees 

the greatest activity of nations directed 
tow u.ls the meant of war and methods to 
destroy human life; it syfsi'.re.it Britain 
spending £»UWQ,Q00 to kill Boers ami 
permitting the famii««atricken people of 

[mli. 1 to starve to death. 

Is there any progress in that? 

Nu tlmtht from .ill this evil in the slow 
process of time good will be evolved. No 
doubt some day the frightful ideas of 
Itisman ksaml the Cliaml.yrl.iiiis. of Mood- 
ibed and aggrandiaeinentj will cease to 
curse mankind. But looking at the 
matter impartially is there any evidence of 
such progress in the nineteenth century 
as justiiics the pean of Joy ? 

And if there is. where is U t—ChOrUi 
H. Russell, i'i A-Va 1 York Journal. 



State Intervention. 



Right thousand miners have gone on 

strike at Santa Pauline, near Santander, 
Spain. 



Because some men are glad to k-I one 
meal a daj'i this is no reason why all 
other laborers should be r cdt!Ctd to the 

same level of poverty through eom peti- 
tion, yet such wolil.l by the n-siih if men 
out 011 strike for higher wages lutve 111 
right to sty that other uu 11 shall not 
take their plates at the reduced pay. 
The State has no rioht toassisl an iti'ti - 
vidual or eorpoiaii. .a in putting ik w 
men in the placet "f uM men who are 
trying to maintain a just ami reasonable 
wage, for the reason that by so doing 
the Slate would be reducing thi laborer 

by degrees to t state of involuntary ser- 

ritude. If it be good government and 

good law for the Stale to assist hi replac- 
ing a gang of men who were earning 

f-l jier day With a crew trilling to work 
for *.l per "lay, it woiil.l also be Komi 
ptlldic polit y for the Stale to repeat such 

acts often enough to have all laborers 
working for their board and clothes, — 
Exchange. 

The Forces are Being Mobilized. 



The epoch of competition and the wage 

system is dyinis - . CO*Ope.rative effort in 
some form or other is pressing forward to 
supersede them, despite ill opposition. 
Manifold signs of world-wide change are 
palpable ott every hand, a change in what 

Virgil rails " the order of the ages." Pro- 
found iinr.st permeates the entire civil- 
ized world, Men feel the presence of a 

new and mighty force heaving and sway* 
ing the ocean of humanity. Tories ami 
Bourbons, as their prototypes of old, 
stand ready to resist any change which 
abridges their privileges, crying out that 
all is well with the world. They point to 
the blesaings which ihtir wealth confers 

on Hand preach patriotism in purple and 

fine linen and with well fed stomachs. 
But the agitation increases among ihe 
working misses. They fail to see the 
blessings of monopoly. A sence of hitler 
injury has taken possession of them, 
The forces fur a conflict at thy ballot box 
or elsewhere are being rapidly mobilized. 
Men are taking sides. The exploiters and 
the exploited stand (Sice to lace -/'. 
O'.Yfi// /.iiriin, in PoHahoe's. 



A Word With You, Non-unionist I 



The labor unionist says to the non- 
union man : " It will be to your interest 
as well as to mine t> 1 join the union .and 
proves this statement by irrefutable testi- 
mony.; If you tlo not accept this invita- 
talioii, I shall object should you attempt 
to do me injury by cutting under ine or 
by taking my place when I make a jitst 
demand for improved conditions." It is 
true that union men sometimes refuse to 

work with man who will not become 
members of the union, bat this is the 

only course dictated by wisdom while 
non-union men are a menace to the 
welfare of the others in their trade. 
Besides, in cases where workmen, not 
members of the union, are offered and 
receive the Same pay that is given to the 
union men, they obtain the benefits of 
Organization without sharing in its bur 
dens, and, in addition, are strengthen. :i I 
in their ability to do the union harm. If 
these points were UUilersto d generally, 
the reading public wouid not be so ready 

to swallow the condemnation the press 

pronounces against every deiiwnd nude 
by unions for the discharge of mm union 
mn\\.—J-:.\ihiiu^t: 



Tm-: man who runs things is usually 
the hardest worker in the union. Follow 
his example and there uillbclcss occa- 
sion for fault-finding On the score of 
"one mail power," .is all will he working 

together** Nidlimi M < kmi** 



10 



the: carpenter. 




ihir London l etter. 



Il\ Tlh'M \s RK1 . 



INK 



tintc 
l Ik 

Hade unions 

evil effect "i 



\Y til ■ 11 1 1 t.:'.'t isM-cl under 
ii ciuiditions is >i alhject 
h is e.i i Itlall \ i . . r. IHg 
Ii untiled attention ftun 
V n jn till is' I'M ioim iV 
ill this KOUMta The 

this Insidious!) wiifkiu>j 
husitte— I, U.u- lni\;l\ MJMM l»''li till 

ployene .mil employed in 1 1 » tradi i»tul 
concerted nil i\ i iiu'iit-- t" l'Im h it ire mil 
wanting t i' till now, hnwesvt'. dm) 
have been li i' il nom Item uatioaali and 
ill thai f.n'4 i- found ilii h ii m of thi 
inefficient) nf ?hi prcst ul ut'v. 
Si^ii-- (UV IK 'i i ■ '\,iliii ili.il a 1 lis. - 
United t 1 1 ■ r i i- to lit,' ill . -j ■» . ? . Thi 
Aiii.i 1._.mi. :i < • 1 $nchrty of -CarpenttW Mil 
fill Uvf!*' ] 1 1 ■ | 11 >si s 1. 1 ill i \\ ii ; • .i Willie Ij tl 
of lnnisi-s impplvhtg n nl\ in u|i Mm let 
produced Utlilvj fair foii'lii 'Mi-. This will 
facilitate negotiations ilt in. "'\ case* "- 
i in] ilnvei s mixioiis to do the right thbtn 
are often .is Miiu li in tin il.uk islotftv 
character «tf a item, a* ilu craftsman is 

Where new meridiem lire being ad 
milted to the union in cotisldei able imoi- 
1 >i.i - tltcGcitvnil 1 'nil •:! .'I'ith- ■ ikiugitl 

in Pebniarv there lsa!*n in upward ten- 
dency in the ntetmVr.s deelarihg hi 

nl-wurk ami sii k j'i\. prtf llt.slan e. 
taking llu* figures o! the « urn tt'titH <* 
unions mentioned above, nearly .i thou- 
sand dollars w.is .jn»nt oil sick benefits, 
in February .un! m>t m in) less mi uij. 

employed pay. 

The (riant society, tlu Amalgamated, 
had 'March i , IHU uniiunlni il inem- 
hers drawing two '"'I i hail didbtrs .i 
week, and l'"i who*e weekly relief wi- . 
little over half that sum. lu sides, then 
were I •'■'' numl'iT- drawing the three 
dollars .i Week siek l»a% HUM I7J • 1 » ltwhlg 

one no<1 n half dollars, The total mom. 
berahipat the same date 1 2 

The Associated of S> > 'lain! -h"«s it]' in 
a similar way, henvfil features hutti^ 
in constaut reqiieM mul ojieration. t»i ti 
er.tllv the ftitnation is n>urse than it w i- 
tliis time last year, lail i- Htnialty eotisiil- 
erafily iietterthan llie previutisfcM j'e rs, 

Apprentice* are ;l jt-rpetu ill\ recurring 
(HffienUy in tlu trade here, (ind Mil alone 
in the trade rcpreseutvd by thin journal, 
Throu^houl mo^ of tiie local uarjiettter* 
uiiioiis;i feeling prevail 1 * that the question 
is ra]ddty becoming a metta e i" tin i 
well'-ttelng, - 1 1 1 • 1 main proposal* ureput 
forth tentatively tnr ill dhig with it. jn 
tin- Clyde rlKtrict ulone t > • ■. renru upwards 
of si\ hundrtal iipprviitiee^, anrl in the 
gathering toxether of thin 1 " •< number 

is si en :i distillCt |>"liey oil tile J'.irl of tilt" 
fetleraleil empU *\ ers i * i lerrnri/u ilie 
nnitmists in the Hear future, In t^umbm 
the pmtitioti is 'il-.ii beronthtg acute, TIm 
general run nf tin pro]Hl ili-.iis fur tin 



iliniinnti' m of i ' 



;il ari Intill ;irniini| a 



suggested fixed ratio of «pj«*enticcs, at 
ifltprfivers, to tin- men working in tin 
particular itistrict concerned, 

tvOOkiUg «>ve: tile faCC rtf ill- COUHtfy 
for nnivi iiietits in ivagcfc and houi -. for 
tsM month the only gain in carpenters is 
Otte of reduced bQura a) ljuttdce. Si\ 

liniiilreil nu n lietn lil to lie extent of H 

regular half 1 r pet week e ich. 

On the other hand there i- thedepn-^ 
inji ami hap|>ily rare news Dtat ;i Inni- 
drvd ami fifty carpenters am! |utners at 

Kirkaldv have I tat] t" fittlnnil to a -1. 
crease of one eenl per Imnr, llhllgillg 
their money down to SixteeH n ul-. p^l 

hour a reduction of furty«oiite cents pet 
week. All the buihling trwlca of the 
district ajijjear toshiire in the unfortunate 
occurence. 

At Cardiff the total duration of tin- r | j - 
pute with regard to the *hip~joiners ami 

their ajiprentiees, am! the respective 
merits of the day ttftsm the hour system, 



was thirteen »veek* ami .it tetigth 
iuuiu.il agieeitteni «uh regard i" woik- 
iil^iale- chine*! tip ij'i-'"l' Pn N'ew 

Hjtrt tmwf^i (usb I Fnrt5 t\v* v-y< k - tMul 

eil.ii .1 KUHtl Ifly. 

i ii 'i]i: ,',\\ i 'ti ' i'a i . in »fi (h< .'.i nth- 
in, ii vru« vn ■•■ ilu l" 1 " - »M»1 • u 

^, ( ]i . 111 ',1' it it" i i: ! ' "' I' I I" lh W*«S 

tni ii - i . •!:'.;.. :;"n " ' -'- ■'• 1 *il\tl l« 
,. , : , h t . i'ut :-.i',' i Diliotl Iw IV" iti"ia!is 
I - -i I i;i\ . u w.'s itith I h< ' in- HttthmWug 
.i-th" e'-fin ujj ''I iW t'». '.is -i ti.t! ihilii 
niino. Iitlj ■ \> i > h t't -li",\s til .' 1 hi i:; - il« - 

nhu« is a"! !'•< jet 1 '':-■' 

j . mi • i r - » . - , 1 1 1 | i ill 1 ! . i Lt . 1 1 1 * s 1 . 1 1 i-' ii'.I i il 

iijih> !•! h*.vi wwriT-AWiii the .m i tt/UHill 
whn'ht'imii its u on < m lw cktii ■< I until 
Hte>il '"-l i- ftf wrfcilHMi ivre •!> I'.iri' '1 
tl i Mil ill bt'th'lit., i i it ' 1 i~-.it:-! r i i> hi I . 
i \ ii \ »' ii< • . . \] 't, — 1. Ilu-'' \\ jn H'l' 
\vh ■ are (Uj ih>- \; nl'j ..»•• lhinj: 

i nit i it ! lie !!!• .lsi| : r n, llrtfrtsl Is. .iml 

tin- ittam ' 'i ciUUJWJ) -It irelii 1< i ■ 

S.iiniiel W I* t ! |l**l ttl< 'a' M "i tl,, 

ti«>tlseof v "iinu.'Us h.i. heiiili 1* dej'rtt 8 
i itimi Hi ii.ile atiii er-:-. to r^H Milling 

white Ri.ileN , m. i'., the :i am Si 1 1.- 

lary, n'i tin stlbject ni a '" »iflimlde 
.iMtemlinenl <>i tlt< .i I 1' At* JSWUtl'd 
,«nl tint tli' ''Hi |rl\ : f <•!« - • -t . i • i'!\ 
-.k'u-vi it '•• n ,s ,-i ,,i rite 1 1 • h ' wording 

Of the til'- isiilv \ i- >l - ' '•' I 

win re tie i mpl": i t -> ■ red the 
" tninitnan: Pirthpetls lion*' i'lats?o ill ' 
the injured wi»tkman v.i- ■ >'.\ a 1 '.' to 
recover L*»mn»en»»ition al a i ' "' etghtj 
cents per titn k ' 'fhi « : •■ id tin 
aivvk-nt is tJteoKl? thing ihil lU'tractf 
From th>- rtiuwduu i n, . ■- "t th'--r 
things 

\Vhit« RnlitM was impn >** I with -"tin 
of the fuel* he In mlin«Wth !•■'>. it nm . 
espeeiallj in I'tmueetion with i! - .' huild 
Ing trades, and lw* pr«»mi>»'d'to ." I'tt" 
the matter W'ilh Jo>ephCln»mhi i i "i tin- 
fathtrT "i tin mi i-vne. 

Hmpfoym M ihrowgh sit (h untrj 

varies betw"<*ti fall and bad it iu rail; 
Belfast ami district ^h^wiugu)i vert ■ ■'" 

Wbtlu "tie '■! tWO f<»Mtdo|l i- ■ ', :ti 

trade tu be " •..'•mil. I ,i\ ' t \v >■ n ,~ i>. 
jmrted u\t i -'.< " V • d. I. . rv:> bail lingojS'i 
.itiiiiis.in however, proposed illd there 
sitouhl sin in ' ., i ■ :i iitge f< 'i the I tt«i 

l uhor laiioiis Produce I hlnfeer«, 

If the l.dior unions did llOthihg el t> 

than to i ill attention to tho miserj llwl 
.ihoiinds. their L-xistem 4 * won' 1 hi- jUstifi* 
able! htit thi-y hiive doiu more, Hum 
have Hot oal\ i-ilh'd atteitttotl to llli 

i iteels, ti). y liave shown tin CaUi&Si 

Tltey have ihnte more 'till. itte> have 
pnsltiev'l rvmedU*.-, u\n,u tin in tii or 
deim. rits o| which professors, edittii's and 
ministris hom diseuss and thcori/c I, a 
la>r unions hi\e proilneeil thinkers ami 
id'tiatm- from their own ranks, and 
hue drawn stmiviits awl teachers from 
tile wealth} ainl pr<ifessional, Am! more 
yet, the) In .' (lettered the eouditioii ol 
thousands of families hj securing higher 

Wllges, slimt.-f hours and ;'t. it' i io*l< |S n- 
denee, iiid: '. id ii. il! J and colli i 1 u i 1 \ . 
The residl is something lo lie |)TOU(1 of. 

The carpenter, the printer, cigarmaker, 
clerk i sh H maker, tailor, working long 
hours on iliort rations, ha ve it«jrj* d holdlj 
to tin limit and worked a revolution in 
Vuiericau litougltt, it is a fact laryond 
cavil. A * ' (ktiwjn . 

Di al m . the last thin . \ i ars V f S75 It . e 
were bed in lite coal mine-, ol tlu- State ol 
I'eiin ivlvanl i Prom I *•* 1 to 1 > 1 1, in- 

dUStve, 1, o J l I 'i lolls of ci id were 1 110 
dlli ed al a COsi ol 1,1' i . lives. 

To think kimll\ of each other, is good; 
tO sjn ik Ichldh ol '.nil otinr in 1 *< - 1 1 ' - r 

hill io act kindly toward* 0111 another is 

la st of all. 



I ahor Nl'w S til the World. 

Tn i I wtei luitaiuol ia a kl r i - I ' n >> >i , 
claim- .1 itietols i -hip id ■ ' 1 1 1 

I i \ is at i ):n.' .. i', 'i i li d I >\ tin I n 

hvriMtiV'ttol I ni"ii oi | : i - u a the 

I I ■ a .,;,,! sn: ' tin \n-ti ■ ni i " a! 'nun 



Till fil ■ t « ni i a 1 j n] \tl uila I .a . Il is 
Ordered tliit \\\ .-.is pfitttlNg Uinsl l«tMI 
the I da 1 "i '.hi A";. ! I'nmiug 1'rad. i> 

CoUlTi li. 

\ i , . .); f«i s i ',. i ; lii \. w V'ork h'i : i .in ' a 
(tibia St itiv,ti(S*, ihvrr itTi ■ . 1 It de 

Ull "111 tS tit 'till Ml!' I M tin ■ liiiml'i 1 

. « t i : v -.' ■ ,in wottii n. 



k v' ii \ u ; i - I ii : .i - 1 1 1 ■ n 1 1 "- 1 1 1 • * ■ I 
iHto I'.u 1: inn t : pmv :>li s i'ii' no '■>>•• 
under tin- il'c "t ' visit b.i.'.- allowed 
tu h nit audit gnmn I t»i . " • mine. 

Till-, l'l n kl I \ el s al !..i. !■■:. I'i., wll" 
a. "I ii" -Hike :.'| ill'", hullf"' W"lk t"d 

titi mij Wiiges as Th'i vl«<f i wv tsnd for UUi 
I ii .'.a *, hiivi'ltad ttleli • ■< Di • U iftanted 



i n . ijittii iiturueyttetn m< uddi i i d 
IlIi ivhttid, s»i in iiuii ' Iiavv ui ub a 

■ i in i'n t f*w uti ineri i'ii ■ ■' ] ' -ii. ■ uiting 

i ii" 1 - ptn da\, to mi" e'nsri 
M i) -i. 

W \i i'ki -s| s 111 Se>ittU«. U' i-'i . thivi 
birmed a nittiut. Ju tging hi thi • sj#i ii 
•. \y ' "t" i hev * 'i k> r. : n | in I ist, thvrv 

-,s 4 ! lea -i HI In! 1 ' n fl i; l'l <'. 1 '.li h 

I ..Kin':. 

fill Bl ' : ll i < " 111' lit illt)'<«!ttl ed an 
eight ll" a v\. ill. da\ 11.1' ai all f '.m Mi 
trniit wi'tksli.ij.-. if) \)|OUI 

■ ntjdoj e» Ii nl tin ii .: : iug i lm< i,- 

d'n ed in i otlsiiitli ::> e, 



: i.im. Tiis.. N hlis li dvliumo ill 
i crttl foi lighting 'in- i'nhhi l.-' i \\ • 
and tin i <• i - » ' 1 1| ytrrtt, I tereiofoi e 
a}irivftti-i .int'iin ha*, liven ni the Iwl'it 

"i rliatgltlH .* ■' M ai tot tin- -aim si t 
V'i e. 




Tn iM i \ i m i' i i "i 'to Japanese *t< -rage 
pa -s« - 1 1 ;er», who arrivi-d al - i n Pratli iseo 
on tin ,te tun • t!<-lgian King n few davs 

. /ii li \e beCU refused a latnlin ' h\ tin 

immigration officials. U U alleged that 

tin - , am e , onti ii t I dniri ; *, 



'1 II I -Mile |1 the PhtOtlltg Hi dlli I lull 

••...il- has been settle*! !.\ the vtuuloyera 
granting an adialtcvol tttelve per cent., 
recogm/ing tin aluminum workers' union 
uf the l-eih'ration of UiImii m l redttcine 
the d ij - work from Iwelvi <" ten hours. 



Tin strife ai the Mi rricl Thread Mill, 

al Hi ih.,1 e, Mass.ii hi) set I- e||i|. ,| |,,sj 

wi i k l.\ tin tu n bine liveis returning to 
u'.ik.tin inaiiagement having »gtee<! to 
tin n detiuueln lor an increase of Jt cttuiM 
pei da\ on tlie old scale ol wagtA, 



Tint demand* uf (he telegraph opera- 
lot- on the Iniiiioloin.il Railwnv for 

ii i ii "uti'.ii i if tin iirdci of Kailway 
Tetegruphera ami the granting of fifteen 

days hohdc, in e.n li ,.| h i alor during the 

M.i. have lie* « planted i,. the Canadian 
((Overnment. 



I i it \ i . 1 ' so >\ M linn . ij.j 
Ii is i j.i Hi .1 ! ||. us SUiltli , .,, 
Im Fl*tJC ttu mud i oi tin i i",.. 



1' iff i nil" Iiiil' tin- l nn.! ; , ■ 

i mi. ai '' ftartvM illi i He,., \ i . . , 

I) Is I., ell , IK .| tt Ill, ,,. . . 

K M' 181) i ••■ 1 : nti.Kted -tit ' •■ | 

ii.ti . 'i tn i'"i-'' an i T. \ .-it'. •',,,, 

F«'tnil,U},drew hi pt\ ndl t««r thi 

t • i letoein d I" tin- la:. Mr .. j , 

i nil ' i : i . i t II ' '1 1' I • 'Il tie '.:,.;: • ■ . ,. 
hi- n.i;i - and tie ti kjp]M d ., 1 

t'nnni 1 In- i \ ]« .;. I iiini 



\ 1 1 1 1 1 ;n wagi i Miging ::• ■ 

t ikt !!! \ |'i I .ill! Tin ' ittii i ' 
>t<Nsl to tl l\ • si 1 ■ , In..','.;, 

the Aa^i la ■ -jh . I- 1, ,n litti diilti 
■ii im in the t. ' .' 1 i' ut (hi ho 



W "i. I %• m i \ • >n tin I'.. 

i larmi d a*, i'i, - ' 1 , in,',. 

'it ■ a t ij. i : .. ::,:i... i ml *. 
u.it j 1 I • '. i l a er s (• 

!b|l e a - 1 1 ', * 1 II till* i 'VMtlll 

lininigt ithra i; •• il 1 Un\ 
',t(»i inim- ire dm h"»e 1 
Ma\ \. ordim hi I ilso I n 
Smth. . •••!• ' ■ ■ 1 ' ' ■ 1 n lifi 
I :. t ij.a*i lot 1 ,'...•• of ■ 
to this ■ latitti 



lie 



Til 1 a 1 ft.! 1 ! 1 ' • Ii ' t IMi: ■ ■: ' •■ 
l:-hun lU ol 1'. • 1 .'tit 11 e:r .'•■■' 
bj rlie ...i!::."i' io tin 1':" 
tn- t otl ih" 1st : -' Mi . " .• Ifl 

j.li e, MM addres '-it '.. ill, I V V 

• •r:, ■ ' 'a 1 n ■ i \ : ■ ! i . ■ < ■ i 1 1 1 • * 

a :'ed thi' in 1 '' itt. it out '"''.■ • "■ 

tint 1 1 I tn I eai : s i i !• ' I 

\e.iil'. tbtti thsMi-uud m> 

1 i- ! Il tit • d II . tie :a ' • ij (Til II '•' ' 

into pfttft un thi ml ' ' 
tularin "i altuiil | •• i i • i 
e -i thi i%hment < >t n eighth"' 
d*y» 

'lln mughamptmi s 

I. th. a i aunt adi i].n .) thi 

meeting 'i t week 

Wit 88 1 \'s Tin* opportUml ' i r «* 
ai t< irded to all ntin ai un a to * I' 

sel'.es With Ullioll 111 ide | i il 

suffering Un mtveiih in r In pur* 
tin in. I'i - therefore 

A'r . /, Thai 111 "id' I 1" W 

sin. efftj oi tin- di legates !•> lit ' ■ ln > 

li' 1. 1\ ami by Wit ■■ "i exampli 

that all delegate* itol wi^artaj 11 

ol . lollies and SH«S > Leaim/ ill 

la'iel in iNMpjalifu d itotii n pr< 

Till- IfMlllltiOfl t" :'" m'" ' n " 

Blhs from date. 

»»*■•<••■« 

}<ihri II s tin- J,oinlon lal« I "'' ' 

an. I im min i < •■ pat haineiit 1 • ' ' 

bmuti into the rank* ot tl' 
patriots, "so lai as lln n ilin 
term d." „n i llnnis, ■ tin hi "' i ' ' 

ti\ tin- «.n nlrt-adj i'«*' eds tlx 1 " '■" 
ptins s,,n^hi to he ai hieii »l 
fact thai ii is iM.ssjlde toi a few ' ' 

to s., ehli. ml. am the eoloii.al i ' "" 
bypnoti/C the e.inei nineiit a |aacti>"t ) 
to uet the war olln e I" fuith" I ll "' ,r 

• ni- 



ls I 



TltK l. 'i" men of Un- Cflenvood, l'a., 
sho],s of tin- Itallimoie and Ohio H.ni\- 
road have stititnitled a del d for an ud- 



si hemes al the nation s eXpl "Si'. 

ditional j.ioof thai parthunenl is • • : ' "' T 
Bleu of the type who upwdd *i " " m * * 

iirovoked m tin- Interests ol ■ i iall 1 

i .I', 'ii 

a^ainsi a people who have proven 

lelves to he an brave Mthe) l|"' ,, • , " t '■ 



fHE CARPENTER. 



H 



iii- 



, *s on i *bor i nfuit 



n u.u Hi lt««j< h >' • 

'■ ' 

V , .! | 1 . • -II , ..' \ I 

I 1 I I I 

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■ i 

■ 



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Ut ti< ij 
il llirii 



. .-I. It; i*iti • ii ' 1 1 ti ' \\< n>>\'. 

I 

, ; .'l i -: (I lif tV 1 IM* 1 "•' 

' ! It< 

fit I 
lit 

•..] 

,-i ; • •, .' Ill tl 1 Ht»l IllIU T'l I I 

■ 



fi •■! '. ,-t llt'ltl ' ' . 

.■ . ■ |tl ,ii 

i iv ihc itivtii' - *! kw«"*i •■ " 

,■ ■ 

ti r < | • it i i !«• I 

!■ ■ ■ ■ 

(t, i ii tl 
•••i. •< •! I "ill' 1 III 
'!:•!■•■•• i »r) l-iii;-' •! • ! 

>.' »• \ « ■>llli II «>■! Ill' 

■ >•'.(■•• • ! i-. . S«ti %-t v tin inn 

It it ' i» 1 . * ■ I 1 

■ ion] ■ • iiKiil itftthvn »' ■ ■ 1 | ' ■ 1 
•.mi)i ].n ii • • ni. f titfiif •! ji 1 
••r> i itimii ami pM* ■ - 1 !■ - . ti (ii 
'i.'.. 1 1| .i» i«rjj mi.'.-.l ttul (fit- a ' '»1 ■• 
ntiM 1 > ii m -I . mil i M ic'v-WUHi ,,: 

i ii It I .ii ! \ulh liis • in; " ri . I • II \H' 

tai - > i ■ .- 1 < ■ i . . 4lct'tiii l*i'*4>n »m 
IViirkiHgtiti ii in rijjln rhvfl 

llt^ llluill iit^ llll/.lll"ll IHtl l!i< 

hj tin l.tluii tt|i i\ i 1th III llltl : I tli. 

.."t! ! i- '..nt-i-U UH* i-nii I ' ' ■' 

i- h5> . li «\mi king |" •> !]■;■■ Km ' il ■ 

'•i : •• hi ii .111)1.1' l iti'l . \t< I ■ i - ■' " ' 1 
IVjRg \. .( ruli , i'n Ii "i- ■ ll|»H "< 
■ l -liK "tu a\Ut >l .-i-l III -■ ii'- ll HIM I 
"I Ay w.ik. r- lulfiik' 1*1 IU!I»«H» 
(Ut Ii ri. - iii win. ii tin I • ■ 1 

i'.iM hi. I rin-l ]it. t-|n i' "i- \ W I'Hrfl 
put .i- Hi.- i».ini« th it li \ • hi i-lt fli-wli 
'-n Hi- I lUirinR pi i " - Iwvi i i !■ '■'< 
m»ir ■ .!/, inw.it ii .ii-> iVlitliinti i-lmiiUn 

« poht.i >; in. tn -I ill .-i Tli I ! '-. 

)it..!i ,,.,i in | »• |,,i,l h)k1 t r ■ mi 1 ■ i ■' I' nil i 
'in I i ml tkit n li. \\i ' i llli in tl .1 I • -l 
bin In \m.iiM kIImh il" vsi 'i 1. .ii.'in "i '•• 
\<ii> i. nli ssjii- «.i« iim mil i ni w»iiU' Iraili 
BtUMI . . 

" Ill tin- kt*( ni|i| jil.n i , ' 1:. Ulliil bin I 
!ti> iii i ' I ii ii|. i ■. ... ittu'f • i-t !■ h i 'in 1 1 

''" n i .in.- mil Uigeiit-i ni itn W»i 1 
da*** -ji,,. lmil „ |N tt,, ,,, , i, , ,i. \t<r\ 

rkltuliit; . ilm .iti,,n;ll in -IHiil I'm-. I li'' 
•It 'Ii Mii tiitivt- RMttMllblil Ml win Ii a 

Ktl.lt ill ; ( | ^ri, (H | tllllll.ir.' I li.ln III'! 

""i « Intl. vmIur! li- ti itninx I* i-' i' 1 " 11 
ibe in. ilimls <>l ifiuttK liii ti>< 't " 
Pfall) Ktrtctl) purttHtncnlani'; tl" 
niniii.iiii.il is a ^.)..i| ifml '.. hi i ilt. in 

that with li j ri i.iiK in nm I <:i 1' ^' 

l.itui mwimhlk** In In -1*1 Humi in »■ '»« 
P**; util tin i}H Hkinu i • «<»«« . I< 
adiuiriil !,-. 



■ 

■ ■ 

... 



PERFECT-ALWAYS 

Black Diamond Files and Rasps 

i 
i 



■ 



••••• it. In tigWf 

■' "t in ;• l|i I;, (.vlril b 
V • IU«:»I '!i in. rti1 ■ t-. ; !t.i\.- 

Rltrj II 'I.- t'Jllvf h»1 : . •'- i .li nt tit 
'!; i I: . ml id Ti nJi rti *li i !, !n- 

■ . , 

\* • '. I ll i "l il i .■ . -.). i !. | lln- 
■■ ■■• i. i:> W»VHJ | i r »tin .;.;.n-i 

llhl . wt« mtitirti i -i itn - ; t - 

..llll'>«l nllutt 1 I'l tt" l,i .1. ' . ;. . ut 
... ... 

'V . tint t*)nl :,; ( mihxi »:. , .• •. I( | i»,r 

'■ ! * ; ■ ■ 5 ■ (Hi •• liavt 

' I . ' ti Mr, '.. . 1 ll'l liif ntll.-r 

I'll! ; ■ ' | . . i - ! .. . ' ' t ] i . i , » ' ,. 

Wh.it hr i th> M*>i i)i"vi-tiii*iii 
• . . - j .>t. ,1 ■ |tti jjn.v • ... (J)n\ I'tilVitt 

. ' ' ' . ] .. ■ • | ' i w li'i Iff* >. th ' " T W ' --" - I ' 1 

! il l : ..-I ' \. i ; (iii 1 1 1 1 1 iH'i iti ill iii tin 
[, 

v . • i • i - in 5-i i 1 . ti t- vi.iii). 
; 'ii y ' i ill i fill i!ic J\jihl ti» 

. Kl' II 't 'ii - 1' u I ' '-' -'.I"!.,' I'l 

ll 1 1 ' :< ■ in ••<• Hltrtlt* 

■ • .' HI ' i' 1 ; Iji Htl 1 -' r. i 1 >• <\ .ill 
•II. '.,11 • '.; 'i 1! Iii* j i V. i 11 llpMH llf 

i -j.. . I i\iii nl -ii i'Mint 

ii . 



I ninii W.-n ut I \ ltv Degree. 

I .■■ . i • ; - 1 . ;i . ii ■• | wiili I'll" ii 

Ill ||* nil'. -Il ' |1 th< til ■ ' ■ ll H •• 
ii* • ! ■ i-i '.li •■<• >\ < ill »\t cv»« l*W 
wliii i'ti ttii t't' * ' *» i . i i 1 1 WilWt* 
■ '.' - iiti 1 im :•' 1 1 ' i . ' • illtli !'--l in 
iY. • ; ■■ ' a . * 1 1 - i l i "tn'..-: «. Tin- 

llivn'i h -..-^ .t l' I ■- > -111 'H "i '- "I. 
• .::)j.' lmil • ' "' i' i 1 1 ^ "' *hir| t\W} li iv 
'ii i'.:- . r.i i yvHIi \\li 'i ''i 1 \ li iVv 

; ,■ ' ■! • "I . :||}!l ni ' nit ' a i 1 1' iii 
' ,,. [, >\< I'll'. I ,'l - IH'11 1 :t l ' -U 1 '!' 

pii . !•■ ■! 'i"'t -n '■ l". . Imii >' «tnl 
,,tt,, , .vi - in . , nut.." in. n uIm 
, , .',. . - -v.t1cli.-r- I't' i'T. ■! I., 

r .1,; ,., ; |{ Ii ,•.•!! i r. •• it in ..r l.-r to 
1*1 , 1 .■ i ii, ; ! ]. .•"!' ii. . i' Ii. t ^ H ll' i Ii' i l-t 
... (.IjvJI il'li'''' i -HI *-hl :' i'. 1 'l 1 1 'it W 
j.,., , ■: | in, in''. '-Inj' HIB ilt^ •! ' "tl- 

• - i,i ,, , ■ . ijlii nli I. ill -.ll'.'tl.l tn iint- 
i ,, i .' , . H| |',1 tli- .i- 111. !')' i . - '•■' . i .1 In 
s I , e|) ).i , > it I "ll- 1 if I' l IV i •* t \ 1 1 • , lllrv 

,■ •,, A"il. itlmMUK ttv i.:ti..i->. ami 

I ,,. I)) ; .1. ;■ III 111 ill' Milk-. Hl-tl I'l "1 
, '.llllJMty 1ti"t ' 'I' -|" I '!' 1* t"U' ill' I • 

I I , in . ilm..-! ri. ..tn;.' ' lii 'i-itili thai 
IttWi :i u:-)i ...tn-N'.n int.ti--i- -liniilil 

| ..i*i .in: ■ ,t \ t" .tiiitii in mil* Iii >tih 

_ „ . ... .ii. .. j 1 1. in r kituwi tig? n-'-'i 
i„ , ,, ,*|j|jj ih. iltti "t !h' i i wpUijvr* 

„ I ill i'ii -'ti.|.< i m in '..v illi ut "f 

lltvJi . > >i>i tti > .i i int. n -t- «' «nuM Itivc 
i, I,, .i iii..- -t i;;. win n ih- r tolwrt 

,,ii , wcmkIi] tnt i.jii.ii' 'I V'.'.iin 
ill. I. :.,itl"!lirl . U'lMf'lt '.il ln*l# iMll'Hi- 

„!,,, „, ,it«n - i. ulj K. fnlliMi tin \i ik- 
,,, ,|,, Rid Iff vi 'If 'I •'" '--'..L'tii-. th' v ,v 
,|. , . im i »Vmi -.siih temryvil mmU n*«1 
v i !t,.i imim'iM - irwfW i' ."I nwiii 'i"« n 
I,,, 1 1 itijln ii, .1 -li|'|» t > p'ttli .n rf tin- 
, ',„, , ,,i ,|i . .i l. r. while iln t li. t n \ 
.■n, -mi >ii in ni\ i l"i'i i- 1-' '" 'I "ii -Iw 
I., ,,|.,,| ih inn i i .tin-t U.u wU«l ttttVC 

t) lll.iL-r t" I'H - ni 'I'- V 1 " 1 f* ls 

/ i,//7/.'.;.. 



TfctLVE 



MEDALS 



AWARDED 




AT INTER- 
NATIONAL 
EXPOSITIONS 



FOR SALE EVERYWHERE 

Q. & H. BARNETT COMPANY 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



4^%. ^%^%^%. 'V%.%^%-'%r^r 



J 



W II 

ll 



I i\ I K • .MN " kl'"'l t. llli'l' -" "t tl.i'lr- 

iniii.ii In .i.l'i m irtu • "" w 1,1 1 "in-" "' 
niMwtntcttiiii i'l V'lii'ni- clUenani] towtw 

ill tin 1 nlt< il Sl:iU'- MV\ Cm. i'l t. 



Sees & Faber 

HARDWARE and TOOL DEPOT. 
2008-2010 North Front Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



M'.iii'liTs. Bricklayers, Plasterers, Contractors, IHtttttbcrs, Carpentt^rs, 
Cabinet and P.ittern Makers. I.u<mi Fixers and Machinists 



Sh- .-I i. urn, Packing, (i^kcts, d-toge (ii.is>. -.. J- nkin's Valves ..ml 
] >is. -, Hpc St." k-. ami 1 )n I'ipe Wrenches, Cutlers, Vises, eti 



Other Tools are very good Tools, but— 

"YANKEE" TOOLS are better. 




"YANKEE" BATCH ET HCBEW DBIVER, No. 111. 

Bum 2 s. 4 :.. f.. 8. 10, Vi tnctaei 




" YANKEE " BATCHET S( HEW OBIYEB, No. 15. 

Slim blmde, with finger turn, for liuht work MtfM ! M i Inche*. 




•'YANKEE" sriBAJi- RATCHET SCREW RBIYER, No. 20. 

DflVti «ciew» In h T pu«h1nR hindle. or by r*iehet mo»emrnl. ««d* In tore* «1*m. 




"YANKEE" SPIRAL-RATCHET SCBEW OBITER N». 30, 

Drl»F» "t take! out acrewn hv tiiflhltiR on handle, or bp ratchet tno*em«'it Can be uaed 
rigid acrew dri*-r ai any part of IU length. 




"YANKEE" BECU'ROCATINH DRILL, No. 50. 

For drilling metala and all kind* uf wood*. Chnck m\\\ hold drtlU 3-16 tnth dlameieror I 




"YANKEE" AUTOMATIC DRILL. N*. 

for boring wood for ar, Ing acrew*. brada nulla, etc., can be u»*d In hard or aofl wood willi- 
oul aptilllnit. Fuahlnx o.i Handle tctilcti drill Kach drill haa H 'inn 
polnia In magazine (naide handle aa abown In cut below. 

SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS IN 
TOOLS AND HARDWARE. 

Insist on "YANKEE" TOOLS 

IF VOU WANT THE BEST AND AT A REASONABLE PRICE, 
llmcriutlve Circulara will br aem Iree hy M.inufm.1 inert- 

NORTH BROS. MFO. CO.. - PHILADELPHIA. PA. 




12 



THE CARPENTER. 



Tliis In jMitnv Ml i- >■• ■ u I I .'IP. '-''i '"1 
eotivMputun n. > twin ""' • .hUik «ai mwHoiui 

Klljtji .1-. in I ii \)t mi > . ..Ml : - ..- I • i ...u 

nii;.iiii/.ili"ii. 

Willi- "1> i 'l' 'I'l'- "' I 1 '.' 1 i)'< t m<Sl 

.,i luV* (ilutitlti 1 <■ -W'l .1 

MnllfJ t' ' Hit* 1 ' hi mi*>l ' ■ III lht» 

office i.\ tin iWxh "i ibv WMrth 



Pantry Cupboard. 

prom Willi. mi It, s . Kewuri; 

I .mi in uant t»f ,i 'i sign 1"! -i kitrhiii 

in- | tan tr <i cupboard Will some hrother 

chip >t n l in H ritcU'h fOP OHC ? It UHt*1 

itiit I 'c .in pvjwu»ivi iii;iir. 



Panel Door.-. 

* 

I r. .tu W. '1'.. S'< u Vorfc 

Aumveriuu \. MeW.iu, Xcwlmrjj 
1 m i \ ili.it tin <ti -i. in of limit:, m- 
diinrs through Hlltl through is akm,l,ii:i-il. 

blind tenon .in- 1 ilnw) Ii ii mil tre -til tin- 
go, tlu ili>\vtf1et1<l(k)r i- Ih IumiI hj immi 
to lie I'n n strvmjjvr and hvltci ihau the 
Mind ti mm. Tin- 1 •■■nil ■■! I !-'■ itiiifj s . 

directly when- t hi- rail m. ■ '.- the -t i 
while -hi iuih # i- given h^ rtu* luL'f iowl 
tttrott){ bard \^ * m I dowel*, wtlii li are, it i- 

IxfUcvtKl, lUYICh StuiltUlt ill hi i ||)<ie 

tenon and will hold in [dace much Letter. 

Mitre Cap. 

Prow w. n. s., riiii i.i. Iphia, 

J W. i'i. Cttll get lite Inn - I'm > amine 

his mitre cup, Wa»« joim i - »"ti, tin, 

in nt.-r W'itttOU) 1 akiny tltto fOIDiidl i tiol 
till" |>«»J«»rtK>n«-<l ili; u >, |. , - l.ctu, i :; ■ ■ >', 
ami iiij). an.l a I'M "I " . '-:n ' " is tin- 
result In 1 1 it* l n j it j \ d| ili<- \i,,rk. Tin 
CAp slmnl.l !„■ -drghtlj I'ti'ii ili. hi tl lt - 



[■'If 



Serpentine Newel Balusters. 

From l ifl. 'i', ll...k-N.-i:. 

Pi tli.ii s tin- iltlWI lltilll 1 In ' Willi 



i in- r!e*l Square. 

n. v. si. ..i l nl 
The \>> 1 ' -i'l n< i- uudw 



Ik ih 



tie, 1 \w!!.,/.'w; tin- i -.;iin. :ni nt- rrl l*as HUfd '"I M« '*>• pnrt'h.iw«J from 

Cllill, I tjll'lfl ■;'iil--l\: ..! \ ■■! 1. i- m • v \ «nni, -jit' lln.hia!. f • nil l < n s . lull ill 

it. iiili'.rs.'i!'.. .mil is tii>t much in r.t\ni, a* a|W»ii*. 

A - 




wJu'ti i i.ni head and iii ' 

s l ie . 

S.i. i, I n lilt lr\. 1 >.n 1 1 ,. 

initio; S.i S, vi« rfci ti .hi. I ■. , 

i li 1. I -. I IH) li iml \->>\ \,, ^ 

i In i| ■> hvU I 1'llt ftJ.IHI ^ I M . 

(■•Ill 'li A I 1 >. ..111 ..Ml 1)„ , ,■ I, . | ' 

l]l nn r l.ii Kit ., in - t . 'us, . . 

I ■ >U 1 -l:;.l!l 'It Uli'K, t.,|. ,, ■ . ( 

IN 11 '■'•■: .li'. 

i ] ■ ii : i !■ ii 1. 1 -ii i| , 




I i 



i 




Kit*, l. 

rail I'll tllf f tic, muJ tlii turilt'l thotthl fie 
careful in turning tin- cup in tin i \ „ i 
in. mill. I I'tiM m hen mtli .i iliu^mui, 
(tfg< 1 1 which *hov i an i khi i !■„( 
tun cap. 'j'ln »nuh %how u it tin- arrow 
la 100 ik'j!tu-v whii ii \* about ih« t. ( ,i 

BUglc to CBl I Mil Mi! . t ■ i . I . :i|,, | think 

J. \v. c. will unili iM.iti.i ihj N iliu K nutt, 



A Slum Mfougfe 

rVfiin Sain. R. Chicago. 

Xbia aketeh of a -hu m plnuKh, (Pis. 2j 
i.i suit for W. I'V. hcoi fit. Tin uliul,- 




I'll.. J. 

thinx i sitiijil.- enough. I i nt tin- Kki i. li 
out of an agri itltural papi r. 



i n. i 

ill' '. ill-. .!!■- tllll 111 I'I'ij tii * i 

i;vjn-ililw1 \ \ -!:■'.. -tin Kti1( -it r*ii 

Whlvli '.' !!■ i .ill \ iKHinOplirtk'A l -'i'.r 
< .1 . ■• 1 1 inn ill ill. -li. 

* • • 

Saw I ilin^. 

1 >i mi In- 1 MM - ill. Win! »n ■ 

ii \ K . . i >i |j«ivrr, *hi ml* I 1 1 ■■ • k'-i j. 

ili.- ]■ "Hit I'l In- till 1'i u i- tin jxiiul .if 

the «w. 'flM*i«thi "ill- ii" ■ .it - ! 
ivli.it iim loteiiiti i1 it mi - i 

C.n-ucr Studs fur liny \\ Iniluws. 

Prxtn 1 K S. Hi»i <■ ■ 
1 •end win i» •hvtch l ;u ■ of tlu-tnai 

in i .ii whi li 1 KM n: '• i "! tii-i -■ 'i'l ili i 





7 IX ■ 

. . — 




l'i . 'Minli w , hi. I li.ijn- n v, ill sun K. .'! 
"f i .'■ i |i i. 



l.ayiriK Dm Cur\til Miu. 

I i"in 1'. I.. M K< !i"lia. 
I m ti l n iitvth««l im ["'in R . t', ... . ..in 

In llip In v latiil.i, I il'. . 1.. t \, 
I), In tin- 1. . "lh i,i t)i, ttlljjh -a ■ it nl 




I*).,, s 

hip, .mil Ci * >. ili' curve! t'H <■ |.i i pen 
'in uiaroN .\, ii. n Khown. - inn ii,,,,,. 

ami li" ,■ through 111. -...uiis 

"'.t iini 'I, md Hit- tiling i . 'I'. in-. 

T he SI eel S 4 |uarc. 

I'l'. ill Win. T., Til- .11. V. |||, , I',;,, 

n there any uth< i ruKki! at si,-, i mutara 
than s„. ion, ihul isaauMrful? 



I "I. II I - 1 



(tie l*u/ /k' l % plained, 

M. I ' rtu, Kin ■ I •' 

|ljj .lls.w ! 1" \ l , ! '! '. Il " •! . | ' ! ! .' 

'i'. 111'., I "1 !J*1H I. IKI'iN.iK I •• ' 

v-Spl lidttl 11 )! "I Hii pii' K- he )•''' 




l'i a. el . rtvi 



1 «.i-* r V 



V ft ■ 

hi 1 



•7>.?7 : 



I s li V 1 1 -\ 



It U a lip dov»l nl fronl ■ iiln i . ,.i i | 

tin- sti, k yiie drawitut ho« i in ittuil 

mi fl< win. 1 1 It l - -1|],|h .1 ;n, n.'l hnw. a 
t> K'lLlt lh*vi 1 ill "ii I'll i h i ,,i in t . 



I'l.i n of Tool Chest. 

I ■ I.. Sl'f Mai' I 

J. i>. s. 

Si ail*, tu- Mt i, „- j m ,„|,. ,,„,! 
< In si that wa . th, ,, U p u , ,| ili ,,i„| 
H >> t. TiwntUtl it has |„ , |, s ,„|] % 
].i's, ,| null uj.jp s .„ | , ,„,| |t| |lk| ., |ii)s 

k<'is, whii li . ni in i,c Hn j„,-s. i, i ,|,. 

mainl. Id, We\\ r if an) one n ails m nls 
■' 1 '" 1 I WUUW Hi • Hit ii ii- in I IwviltU lln 

-liaui ntDlhii i. nxthwfw, aathi \ at.- much 
in iter sha]i, .imi t im i i, , i(Ml , „, lt , 

' is, hn hitt in "in . i his, -kin UtMltlier I |i 

Tins ihnve plan mi i,„,i , i,, si. \,,. i 
liarthkui through th- l.-u;- «. ( \, .,, ( >i Ho, .> 

tWO partitioUl, iin, h, s hifh; N.i. 1, |,|,„ ,. 



I'l 



■ 



>1 



..•it m. I I, ■ ii I ! i ni. i ii 1 1 , 

tl 

\ I eu \iiswu s 

•I. -1 ■.! \\ M. Il ' . * i I'll 
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• '!«• • .1 i 
: . . 

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■ ■ I 

■ 

1 1 ; 1 1 ', i% slim I 

I ii r. .' ii.! •." ii. .r ||| i stun ,f ■ . 

It 1' '.. Il' , TH.T III - '"I' 1 .' l|l 
tli'll' .|.|i I l| , "HIM' L't" ,t '■' 

'•> tioVvi ''"' t .'M.iiMi'' ■ • • 

111 ,.;..■' ,1. ■ Mi il BU il ""• m Id 

• -t nil 'i 1 1, mi met i—iinuli'. « , i ikh in 

•' 'nl' I - ll;' ' - '. 1.' 1 1 i - il v i '. s s,, ■ 

.mil , ii. k -i; i| .is . riptji - . 1 • ■ ■ 

"II' Mi l'i tl. ! !" ;•' ! Ii 11 ' ' 'il'l 

' 1 1 ■ 'i t ■ ' ,'* l 1. it 1 1! i i n.ir.ls .il l 
. "iii • ' : in. I 1 1 1. 'i. Is 

I 'I I 'i'l, > mtli II S I' • 1 I : 

Worth m.l T l' MF< .."i ImhMli 
! " in atbti ii If dtaaoii <! -1" 

J""!', tl ]nil mi H ii"l "iik I 
111 ■■ ' Lilt i- ilr iiss i . Mill, i • ; >. ,i "is 
1" .i V*" il' .'■ lit tile si Mill).' ill . . ' 

I 1 'ii : '. ! 1 1 ii' hi lln i i nit, l II 
a ml » linlni'. , 1., j'i t , ail "I J'ln 1 

I > S '.].]. | 'I "I | III ,1 Is .1 , 

hilt Is II as , i "in, in i> .il an,! t' ''' 

• lb I plan . nl, n, itt, i\ In ii-uitli I 

i" tu, n will i ik,' iii"!.' niati riol ■• ! 1 "'■ 

ami dom IMft tn- a hmMilik' i- '•■ '" ; 

Ihini tin hfirtlh i- n. 

M I H 

1 '..ill, st. .l| J', v,,s. 

I liinxs i lint Other People Ho. 



. hta 



I li' mall Nttn ■!...• |f If lam |.i iii <L' 
lK*lt, I I'l... , 

\l Hint In ,,ii is |HI|« i»Uo 'I in 
li. H'l'l" l in I In l.n • 

is Riii ii mhii Ktfcm drtiifbi In 1 »W '•' 

i " 1 1. ii 

ta4 iim,' a ii,, i iisii lliiiin 
in-ii|.ii ili, 

i ii. in. mi iii.'.^nuis ih, nultt* ii"/ 1 ' "" 

i, M.l 11 If Mill 

«nis Irltjchi in. in prtty mh. n 11 "' 

in i >i i" l a- . 

l-'.l In h..s lilt 1 * , I r |.l II .,, 1. ' ' 

Sllllllllll III," , . 

..ins i(j, in Mtnixlaiaa il ■ 

|,i ,»|,lr il.i 

I iik. ih, h>.ii> si waa M i, i. in. ' I ■■ i - 

1 1 "in Kttl 

I Ilk- Ml. | u In, sr. kk I" II-' 1 ■' ' 

a v i» win ... ,.,s 

Tin M.,it,l is rrii«tlll I ("I H" 'l'i I "' ' 

| l, si in r win, ., ., 

I mi kn |i I rum IumHrh fa»M tl "" : 
"ili, i pi •]>!•- ila, 



Hone) h Received. 



I j , \ -. -i l I I. II - 

• •• 'I I I I I'M' 

i nn ''lit lltllfk tiW «'i h I 



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M 



THE CARPENTER. 

CLAIMS |-\!|, is M v „ u , fVlo 



i'«i| I ' ■ 1 1 | ■ 

N ' i i n. i 

■ 

■ 

■ 



I 



i 



Pill ii.,, 



1 mi 



■ t «oi mi, 



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ill || 
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41 

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An Important Ifec talon. 

'Iin ftnprvffii Court iu lite . .i-i •,!' the 

• Ii "t Phil wit Iphi.i tn l In ll- t - Ilj tin 

KiHr liiuk Manufacturing Cujiijuhv \-. 
Sli a ill di L'i Ii ! 1 ijuettioti <•! mti ri-t in 
ill tvtfi dn eitv wurk. Oh March J", - , 



Count i!» }, i <ed ni ordinance rcqnii tn 

all i fm i i?t w . irk in give, in .!•!• 
illliotl in i!ii 1 «iii.l t'.;.- ; iMlmi] j« r- 
formaiin i>: tin contract. a lamaltt ••anil 



ill .-i i i)i . 



Ill ii tin . miir.ii l I paj 

nil'. ,i- and 1'i.iM- will furni-bc'l i.i i 

(fl i«»J ' it >■ >r Upon the wi .j k, 

'I in !■ ndan! ft ' l •! i 1 ■nit H t witti the 
• • ■ ivt; *tti li ■ ! ■■ 'if ! .mil rei i ivcd bis 
; : the w ,ik Tin brick comtMtiv 

itl || I'l-'ii.-ht -'III til till l it) - 11. IIIH In 

ri iinn for material furnished to Stewart 
mulct ill. i' contract. Tiu ifeftf tlM »*| 

up j. m ]■ i tin tit I?) tile i^i % : :i>; >>i .t 

|,|',iii> "p turn and Mi.it tin -mi i-«nihl 
t i - *t ni.ii'ii inn '1 Im iii r CwUni'iU li.i'l 
iin |Mi«t]i i" -uili hi iintiimai'i', 

Coinilltill l'!< i- Cmirt -u -I.i i ih'l th« plrtlll 
: ■ gtm] M> m ni i]ijn i'.i 

in tin- 'l'i' "ii ■■! the 8npr< tiu Ctw* 
In lies Miti'hril .ii-t.iui. tht'Cil) Caun 
. •,: irn-taHiimx nflici tbinjpi -.i>-: ■■ li 
r»ili«> right i-wiil , i- tin iiiuii -t i>t (he 

■ :<. in -i i inr u t work iijMiti tt> i mi 

llHCt- Jill I ml it ti <ni]ii.i\i illi nlv .iii'l tin ii 

i- mi '■. tti i pohV) tiiwnri] th.it etui ttmn 

tn -,it1-l\ limn-! .itiil i i 'Hlpi'd 111 tt'irk- 

nic M tint tins can rilv mi uetu^ 
Tin ri in Hi^ iin right ni mechanic'* lieu 
,iv;,iiii-t jitiMii wurk, t'n work ttm| ma 
terinl nu n tin i Ii it i \ii in in tin- inn 
ii.H i.ii - j. t«i |tat , mil ill. u i.H i 

ll.i-.i li ilur , \ In ]iiniliii i- >kilii]ic i| 

win i. ami iwl ii. tti i ini*> t »\ the 1 1 
ni in- ii wilting " i ;i that ri*k. 
iin- risk ill' cilj t t-mitlctl 'n i'mtiii 
kt«ell b) M i' '■■> K i--ni.li" 1 ■ From tin 
mntractoi thai Ui will pa) in- lmm-t 
iklitu accruetl in iin chy'i Murk." 



Have \nu Seen I hem ? 

' " ,! ' n ili'i :-.i:i.| in. a win, paj tin ii 
'i-i ihi ' Uiklh n Ui uchool arvl 

' 1 I" ■>• 1 I'll i!M- 111' '■ UT1 l!i I'llKlii III „ 

t ti ' ■ m ' i lhmi««]i 1 "i Hwn Metghhors, 

u '>" I ri ij tin ii -, r-ir tii- ir i liil- 
itryll ]•! i ij ii ii !. .iii'l .ii'- in.,;.. | twitfi 
- 1 1 flf«PM lln iin I>. i:|.i, : ft*, Tin 

<>'•<: , ■! 1 1n i «v i 1 1i> iii ■ iii<! i:n n ary 
I'lvufi ij Tin '.".n.| ni dm !•> tin uoo) 
" i'' "iht r. Tin ir \vi%i - '.'.-.i ■ ii h 
i . iin :r ■ h;Mi. n j '. , . t.,^. ih, r, If 
fk 'I" ''!!.•■ .ii-. lli" , li-l. -ii mi ^irnl.u 
'"!': ■. liMiv tinui tin- mitpiii 11*11 ''"-li 
mli r " ttrofbvr.' 1 wrrl ik bvmi tit* 

• 'Hi '« l!. I III .M " i'l I if It fl 1]|]H'11- tn 

In ■! i . ).. i",,ri- 1 1. . {low, tin 5 < ill '-:n 1) 

' •' 'n I •!'"■!,' " 1 1 1 itrl . ' " ht^Cllh 1 " ■''>{!- 
1' '■''■ l»| .i'I'I i'l 11' Ir'-l . ' ilHlj nil 

'1 • Uj tin > '.'•' tn tin pnll- . i t 1 1 1 !<ick 
li'iiti- .1.' ! ii, .' lini'j -;iii;,!_\ 'ii-tr. lii In -t- 
i.'.. i-.n'h' r *]•<;'.■ i Kan|f of ' iii::i;n> i -. 
;■■ kj ijglji - attil I'T'ii-iT- ]'..<■_. th" li,i'..i-.i. •- 
',: ;."A'-r g,tm< unit trittmph uvcr all, Im 
'In- i .'iiii- i.: ' . iT-irtn .ii M'n*iCi K il 'i"l 'itrn- 

ilii-n, • t.ir. ■■ - //>• Tai/iir. 



Slave- l*ens At PaJrntie Colonies, 



Th. 



: - rr: 



aalk full ni' 

-. C... t" N\u 



:;. nf a 

iuttUbitM frma Ch 
VVirk in - - .j.'- tin- t'Ttni- ,i ih, I'arfrone 
■ 'il":i> at the Pltu pJio>j>hate u.,rk-, 
|jwttveen l li i •''•-'■ in and SavnttnaUi 
ju>t been rertivci'l by Hover ik*? m. - 
■ mrj iaan alfida\ii made l»j Nicola dl 
Bi nni * it", 

IkVncdeito'n auidavit cotitaiiin aluo x 
-i.tMitn^ -ti t '. '»: tin . ■ ; i ■ i i u- - gmug in 
• nu mac .1- f a ,i- munlei that be - ■ - 

w :•• pint i:, ",1 ■ iii the in';,!'--- v:, lima "f 
lln- ; M'ir' iin m -tt Jii. 

'i ,.' atfidavit w i- tsoi tn the Governor 
tlu Itabatt Coiumtat CtiaricHtmii who 
t<>:.'i it from the Lnii-.i'i-i',. hit ii in 
Ni-'a V<wkj with an i irmrnt ri^itf-i for an 
invrMi^ttitin and i mf<njm "f t'.i" i-viK 
- l'tc\i-t iit tlie ph'Klih.itc *vork>< 

Itetiwieitii - .- '.'iii Iitt encaped ;'r.,ni 
tl;, $a ii'!- ..t t!.'- K irk- mi I ebmurj 27 
watktMitoNew \ - nrk, llv w,i . uetirl) 
'!> , 1 frmti fatigin hungvr rt'id exjK»>urt: 

when la n i, Im! tin UJetroti '.i-. 

Mi swi u-t!.,' in.- ami "tin.. - -'.^iivl .i 
contra' t w kh C it« '■' i I'i^.i, in St w Vnrk. 
under which tiu > wews f>got f- h itay, ht 
to |nt% their i\;,'ii-.- .in. I retain the 
amount out oi their pay; that i'l.-.i re« 
calved tin.' check* front tin phosphate 
coinpcniv ami rendertHj Iii- mm ,\t\ .u'- 
i-.'-.tni sluiwiiiH th.it tin y earned <-« :ii> 
a day, all whiili In- . luijicl :lu ::i for 

hoard, 

it 'iifiii ttn sat - dim that l'i-/.r- guard* 
win .niiii.l witli j^nn- iinl knivea. if 
"iii ni tlii- nu n »iiii tun -i. k tn work be 
wtu iBercilt**)) Iwateh, Mid UonietiJco, 
uueof ibeguanU dtot ami kilted a twan 
who tt.w ill with fever. Benedetto my* 
thai the guard* «aid thai tliei Itail nrdvrt* 
tu -hunt in\ WllO refuired in wrk. 

<..i\irii"i McSwevtiv) liad idrectdj 
onlercd ait iiivc«-ttg.u>oii •■: tin mtuntet 
n ii in..! t" 



Chinese h> itniusaiiils. (iet in hy 
I raudulcnt Means. 



Tin- Sail l'l.nii i ," <■//.' mivh; Thmi- 
-,:inl- n| Chillfw .iii [Ktodnx tin l'...iiir- 

"i tin Ci. i"in i[nu-i\ and it* i "u\\ are 
(wing ImihIi i. ImiI "■ '■' !uk mrtite iiatSve- 
I'-'in t'iti/en« "i California, pacli with a 

mt 1 i|iialifiiMti ni- tn ]i,tn ■ ipatc in 

tin- political iiffaU>o| tin- cltj imh] Stale. 
It i* ,i— i-tti.l tfwt 'lining tin 1 I'.i-t thir 

l\-!nilt lll'itltli- IIVW ',' ' < Chilli -l- ll.it v 

heutu lauded, ami "f iin-t .it U.i-t mm 

MRuitU bavi ' UniUetlou tin- gnntml 

tint iiu > wi n- bum in tbia State, which 



13 



fwi t lu ii.. , . . ,' i rttfibrts litem t" tin- 
: ,-:lit- ni L'ui/i'ii-hiji. 

Chn-"- ;iri made ih it thi- inllux m' 

( >ric n tali i- ottjy imule jaiwdble by frauilu- 

h ill <•', IMOlM "f the ■i'-tnrlinii :i, t. 



i he Samaritan. 



ii i 1 1 -. , 

\ f"i'.> i UaioiUhiu« in mrt ilHtrrw 

tail i «aiiitu tmn and lent Utrn cmnfi nltaa, 

WI; >i I i >ijlM !., 

\ II lui' i ••: lloji Hid h t;.;,iii<-— — 

II "'. I I,, I .iv wttai Hteafed 

It. t mi ii l.-.ni ,.| '.in. I in -- -ii],;,Il,-i| > 

ni-,, tutu ihon 

\ ' i i|N | - »toli tin iV.i-i , w-ny, 
lint 1 «tir,iitit uiiu nifl tvatk ilunr that liny— 
1 [r.a 1 lib) 1 ijnn 

Vt In ti in IK) . ■ ■ 11 ,i it li I , TT. !i tu (iroy. 

I ■ '„ ,T l||, ...,H| ;iml |OM 

I I I l i : In ' ■ , i it',1 in 1 1 iT-'tli. 1 h 1 ri,— I 



ii i MtiaM *\kr 
\ tuti. - 1 . i raimtan in-art. 

\tlt\ 1 -!: lilt - ,1 ill.' li| > itll'l -It ajitirt — 

w : 11 1 might hrtag 

\ bit uf -'.i.- ; iii:. !■ .1 '.in- - -,. I:- :itn| smart— 
II 1 ,'ili J i ,; ■ t" "ir,. 1- m\ ijri.-f ri-lii vnl. 
it t k. ;.t ttivnl wlwti lay brother uripved t 

\r, 1 1 ktn.w 
n, it dat 1 - I it m '.i-fni I fat) i" Int'l 

\ t„ ■; lUH h ia«l in 1 - an w ,i\ ward frirad; 

IS.lt II 11 

\ 1 irdin H| 1 iteit l> tli* 1 h«n r I -i-nt. 
Thi 11 ito 1 1 lit the |j ■'.•], 11 tn mm \u il sjirnt, 
Ami im m. 'i"ii 11 1 . -w i i eoaivai 

—A nun 



Autnmatit. Mortiser artJ Borer. 

UY tituatrnte a new maehiix ju-t 
'r"':r,: "iit tii'l pat 011 the market by 
the Hgan Co>n|xiny, "f Su. 40> to So. 
._' V.'. 1 ront street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

It tfieii new Autoutatie Bliud Stile 
Uortbier and Bon ■■ 

Th;- t;i i' hinc !; i- lieen especially de- 
-■.v ed for boriui; Itolcs and making the 
murti^e i"r tlit stationary alatu inafde nr 
(iut*ii!e iiliud* for doors and windowaaml 
ucctlpie* but a small linnr -p.u-e. 

It i- perfect!) rclialde and capable «>f 
doing t 'ni.'i. unouut of work in a first* 
claa« imtunei .iivi with h— ad)u«tmeuta 
.iinl lean lial ilitt to get out of order tbait 
an other non on the market. 




V t - 



'i'l"- operator ha* only to put in the 
-i'l. - ui I -1. nt the machine, ii taring 
|n.*rfeCllj aiitomaiic. It will hurt- ISO 
holer- to in n k ' , 1 inm ti-i-s )n.; minute foe 
-i.itimi.irv -i.it-, ami will make anyfityte 
■ ■t Ii nijth nf tiinrti-e from \ t'» - ''and 
nf ant wi'lth, depth <>r tni^lt- desired, 

Tiu- -till - .in- bebl rigidly while lieing 
liorcd or mortiaed, and hi a comliiiwtion 
in the fee li tig nvci hatUMti ire releaaeil ,1- 
tln > are fed foraard, and aguiu tightly 
clam)>ed aa bebnc. 

The hole and nmrti-t - ire i< ft j«.-r- 
fcetlj t li-.ii front chfp . heing worked 
1 1 * mi iin- 1 irttom. 

In fact tliere in numerous devices and 
i iniM uii iu r- elitiiuiltetl i" tlii- machine, 
not contained in an v oilier, ami the ni;inu- 
i.i.timis will Im pkaceil t'» wtott-ymi 
prices and ill partbmbuni If >on write 

thrill. 



14 



THE CARPENTER. 



IVfomipoltxcd bj Alien*. 

A lllDUnt.,i]\ ll) ,1 t- ss. Hills "l" ,"11- 
*tdtT*ti<U1 IS tin- llt.mojiolv nf 1 111 1. It 

i- mi >rc • when it I* wtouojuiH/v 1 hy 
aliens w1u« ucvvi - 1 nv it. "i m \ cr \s i-h m: 
' nt wliitsi- ssk.'ie initii i-ii'i! n i in 
getting a- tnuvTi from it .i- p»i**ilile 
without nnj c, in ,'.U i .un in .1' hi s>'iit 

iiu in- .n i' i tlljili nt d ill 'I' Hl'l- 
liivilism is mi i Inn LiliA'lUft' 1 itid- 
1' >*■ 1 i -1 tl i- U v.i. lU'f. l,! ' 1 Hi ll IIU Iras 

private!) unmotsiH/i ! i gr» n ileal ul 
land in tin- country, iiud -i Ifal id the 
artnt>tt.T.ldt< UHimhvrs of that nation who 
own lands inn i3i ii. ii 'a without in 

U it si. /V, ynohh \-u */>>lf>t » , ••: I." idon, 
b'ngltW j. i* aHtllofUA t'l ' '■ Ut W i tif 
the figlirM -u'.uiitti d. \t nt —it (he 
ejean-t ni tlu- K:iL'!i-!i h »litiil^» ii c tlu -i- . 

Tin- Tcsa- I, ami I' uiou ; 1 

acres. !:itiv. -!m1 ]ui.-: UlrtflUis Ikir- 

detbCoutt*. Karl Culi v. in . tlu Duke of 
ilf.an'i •! : , William A\ \.i'.n!i : Liulinl 
Sti -plieii .nil. I >• inula-- Hamilton . Ilukc 'it 

Hi .mil. in, the Duke nt k.itl niil rghtred 

\. K.is -Sh'ittk -worth, M. I 1 . mil kind 
Kilnl Cadogau in iiil-iii w.i iting tn tlii 
<|iii-iil . Tin- -s tnlicili n.:i~ whoV 
in until- in Ti \.i-, ami ten* of thousand* 

i ii person* pay it ii utaK 

Sir. 1 ■> i w . 1 1'« 1 ki i' I J.- ' i ' . 1 ' ''i i> l i 
This i- ,i -indicate which n". .i- l.ili I- 

iii Florida only, it include* the present 
I Mil In— - nf Mnrlliorough. Lad) I<tati«I*>t|i4i 
Churchill ami Lady l.i-t. i k.im . 

Viscount Scully - . - > ■ ■ . ■ - ■ a-re*. iii- 
lordship maintain* ah etafauate -s-tem 
of hai litis. 

Syndicate No. -I !.-"", "' nit-.. Thin 
Syndicate h. i- .ill it- tioldiugx in M:-- 
iiuippd. It include- tlu- .Mu.jiii- ni 
Dallum-ic, Viscount Choltnoudcley, Vi»- 
c unless Cross, Lud\ (ronton .mil Lady 
Hiddulph. 

Marquis nf Twculale 1 ,750,(1)0 acre*. 

Phillip*!, Marshall & Co,, London— 
1 ,300,000 acre*, Thi- firm ha- the whole 
peerage fur it- i Hi nts. 

Tliv Anglo-American Syndicate, Lon- 
don -730,000 acres. Tin- funds nt wid- 
owed iiiiTi-— i-s are largely invested here. 
Tin- land* are in tin- South and West. 

Bryan H. l-Aims— rmi/cHi ucreit, Mr. 
Svasu reside.*) in Loiuluii. Hi- land* are 
in (lisaiSMptri. 

Tin- Duke of Sutherland -125,0*1; ac« », 

Tin- Britiah I. ami C«>nt}>uuy lii),»>0(J 
nrrt's. Thi» land i- all m Kan-:.-. 

William Whalkv -3IO,0Oti acre*. Mr. 
Whalle) the Squire- of Feterliorough. 

The Misx.nri Land Cont|MU\ in.'«n. 

acn-s. This operatoa a Missouri ilunutin 
ami Iiah headquartent at hdinliurgh. 

Rotiert Tiniiaiit -J.li i, ik« i aiit-. Tlii- 

all fanning land, Mr. Tennaut liven in 
uondon, 

Dundee Land Compati} 247,ot)0 acft'H. 
I.onl Dunntore U't.iKyi ucrea. 

Ul-lljainiu Nrw^a-, UverpOiJ lunuiKi 
acris. 

Lord rlotighton.in (''lorida ' •> <><*>. II U *. 

J-;iinli-li Land Cuntfmit) iiu California! 
—50,01 jo acre*, 

Kugliah I. ami Couiuait) in Arkanaaa) 
5o,ikk» acre*. 

Alexander Orajit, Loudon in Kanaaa) 
35, (xk) acres, 

Syndicate No. '< I ] ( >, ■ h x » acres. This 

ayndicate includes tin JCarl of Vemtoin 
ami tin- Barl of I.anki villi . Tin- bithl is 
in \\ isioii-in. 

M. Klfenhauacrj of Halifax 000,000 
acre*. Tlif bind i- in Wt -i Virginia, 

Syndicate No, i 50,000 ucre*, Thisia 

ii Scotch concern, and ituntnd i-iu Klorido, 
ft ia claimed thai fnll v ^O.f/oo.oJUacrea 

ni Aim 1 1. in land are thus owned bv 
great [andownen in Hugland ami Scat- 
land. Tlii-tloi s not include the Holland 
Syndicate, which own* 5*000,000 acres of 

^ra/iii)- bind in \\'i -tt i n Stall s, nor the 

Gorman ayndicate, owning 2,<XJO,00Oaciv* 

til various .stati 



Tin -r l.ui. I'.i n !- Ititi 1 1 • iiu iiV«thti l« 
of all btmU'Mils 'i 1*1 l»llf«»im I 1 linj 
s \ - 1 1 t ll of ivli.hli; ; 1 1 ill- Ii a.' i ii!- lUfl 

hailiffs Ami in -u- Ii i ' ' \t< in li i- 1 '. i. 
raittiiuj been iaiin.1 tut, tl'it imi Imn: 

4gl| lilt «pectiicll A>1* Mi -'i:'. I nl 

Ainertr in f.u nn * - |>h «t" ftlinjj .. tw ni.-t il 
to tin :i bin Ibwih hi I ttjitatd 'ii' 1 -' 
i!i ill.' i tlu i.'i iiu i - « ■ i ■ 1 " i 
i nun .1. A- i l ' -ult, !! iimn > • |ln>tli tl 
v.\'iin- » i- tniM. H.i- II' -' ' \ u tniu Hid 
gave tfct'iii limi ; l«H tin l.n»Wi nt smlni- 

l.m.l ]il im '1 tin iu-tniii I..I' i 1 ' ln- 

t'.!!!!-'.' .'.Mil dl Ul linl' 'I KU |K«nUd >■■' li' -ll. 
ni M li t Ii 'II . 

l! u in',. I I 'i iiii inliii -tin..: k>i<»v\l- 

pdgC In UltDU llnVV till —l l.L. 'l- '.M " H 

ilitirvd I.'. tlir hi. Mir-, it imiuI i il-n la' 

mm i n;i 1 1 -1 III l; Ut**k I'll ill' tiidi - 
niilo:n-ts "I til'- ,ii-.i:iIi\ l.i'l" \i\vi\ 
1'iotlifi- in Ni u /i ,il ill'Mi.i\i 'bitil i"'ltt 

sini'tu i ii i niu-t rii i - M.iki ovi'tijjuiivy 
...1 ;i i tin- pi ineijul wei i --it> in ..;i i'.in.; 
atiil ti t. Ullillg i llll. tn l.titd -''111 a'i" n 
tinl oil i it Iii v l.ni'l- »d lainiti>i>ii«tn i ck 
reutt t - wiD .1 1 - 1 1' i' ' ii •/ hi it '-' 

/• in i.'-:. 



(food v rangcmenl tor Both. 

Tli«' i 'ii mil - Ti .i.li - I ninii- -li. 
UndtTMiutd i»ne thln»j. Tlu yvurkitignii-it 
of thi- voutttr) will have an *«rg»iUiAation 
fttr protection, It will In? either nf tin- 
rliat.ii ti i nf thi- Tt "k - I'liioii- r»j lo'd.tj 
or of tin- i li n.i. let tliat work did inoet 

in tlif «ii' -Ilia' hunt- ami at' IMtll 
hound. Tin nu n who n\ and '1' 
notnu*v tin- right uf 1 il m lo iwgani/e and 

ulin ji'laiin that ii" v; 1 i ni conic 

it to the W'rkin^mi n. LheUI*clv«h n Ml - 
tin- In tn tin- argument v. largnnbiuij 
with t lit i r competitor* iiml fkimiiu 1 that 
in Mich unhuiiMi] there i- j»t it'< i tiou ntul 

safety. If or^aiii/iiion i- x 1 [tit the 

emj'li vi<r it i- alike liem.'ficj tl fot the 

CtllJi'mS i t-. / \ Jl lll.' . 



What Trades Inions Have Done. 

Tin. peace, ha] pirn ami a -i n-- Imr- 
d«ringini contentment can never prevail 
until tin- great tin— 'i thi iieopk- liuve 
learned t" sttccessfully e»m'di*h a In'ttet 
and higher j'lani- in liti-. Tin- Tr.nli - 
rninni-l bofdath it tin* -tiri'-t way tn J n-r- 

in.uii-ntl'. reach that -tat. in through thi 
Tra.li - L'uioti svstein of organisation. 
Hi-tot_\ fully nintirni- that belief, Tile 
Trail en I'uSoki lives on, de^iitt- altilnior* 
Imi ks, -.liilr- o'.lu r reform ihhhiik hi- 
fail to acconiplUh onedhuti lite beneficial 
results for tin producing i-laMwatlml arc 
to the credit of tin- Trade* 1'uion move 

incut. Who can MlC!*r»ifullj -a> 'ha' 
the Trades I ninu ha- not d»We more tn 
Hit the in i—cs up tn tlu it |»re» lit -tm. laid 
than all the other alleged agcni iea com- 
hiueil ? Wlin ahortcned tin hour* nt 
la'ior fnnn ii xtt i ii and eight* CM t'l eight, 
nine ami ti n |a*r tin) ' Tr.idi - I'lliona 

Whn ewtahlifthed ucalea nt prices all 
over tin- land? Trade* I'nions. Who 
cased for the unemployed 'luring »t»e 
l,te imln-trial dcpreaAton? Trades 

Unions. Where leould the ale i>t pri( cm 
he now if it were not for the Trade* 
Union*? And yet there an- idiots who 
can In- found Who will -a\ that Trades 
1'nioii- arc no ^oihI am] that other means 

must in- adopted; anil there ore others 
who believe them, fn reaching conclu- 

sion-, let ll- .oli-iilcr facts. Thc\ are 

more aubatantial than theories, it i- not 

the Eattrl of the 'J'r.i'h - L'nioil that it h is 

not act taupliaheil more; it i* the fault nt 

those who lilimllv htaml aloof. If the 

union can do much with it* prewnl mem* 

berilhip, what would he the re-,ult if all 
were organized f I,et us heiid out 

lifforta in that direction, /; vch<nt(t 



I he ! ra,lc I nions. 

•|',.i.lc iiu'nul? ni ol. the imli rli n ■■ Ifld 
til IM l.-i'tin nt of tin w, dfh |'ir»«bl H ' 
,1 i -si ^ thiiiil'^h tin i v ' *1 ' I < . 1 1 i ' ■ i '1" i 

lion il ( 1 1 ic» ■•■ 

Tin n tin tl" id- and 1 1 - u ! i - ' Mlilo ' 'i' 
1'i'M rvliei w la H ■ ""'•' '''"I w 
m wlutii'Tt ii < • . > tm. tu< ihn ts i]ijd«i1 
1 • s tin ti ie) ...ii ti . utliii-; I" I 

i<< idhitt'on* m n i-i't nrtdoid* 11 i 

I In vki d 111. .See. • ■ t IC| n| ItaljWI H 
mi ,1 1 iM i lias, tli' i tl 111 I ' 'i ' he 

[H . ij.l, :u l In -.iiiu i • .>t >>• iielitloll. 

i'ln- ^i i it : i \ •'!:;• "i'i in I , 1 1 'i > IU4t 

h. ut . I,, i kl I tbc ■'.' i! ' • i « •■ ih- 
tvigniuu govein.ui at othvrwln i1 i 'tl • • > 

w.i\ inipriM 1 1 tli iviiTji i 1 ■ ' • '■ 

ihe m -. i i>i (hi mini Ii i'i i. tin •■ 

^Oi: it'n'i n! thi |t.idl)iet- I'l till' 

uiiioM- iii i it^'lind, :int nuh Ir.t'l tn 

i m'i .'. n! . hi I. '.•:.. kill ■ !, .'. wtilli '.i 11 
.], in • ,,; jhi ,,i ■ : iHriciii '.'i' MOP "M'i 

tin i iri'i ■ ni, -i'l. ,.u 1 1 1 ila- '..-'■ i- 

w> 1', 

In tli. ni*' n; I I'" • " ' '" • ' ■ hi " " I 
is i- -hi ! ni'l lll-vtj c nl ;■.."'■ '.".IV, i" 

iiii- win- wirri I ■ •" i 1 " 'I'n "' 

|| i - m i . is ill: m i | • - ■• ll "it I ill J if" 

till lit III tile i '. .',' .'till i-> •!). 1/ i. HI ot lln 

tu i- -i - idi'l 1 1 • • it" I ilM.ilu ' *i'«l 

,1 ill n] i . a llflUl! ■ '' i !; 'c V,4 -.(.;;:,'•■ I 

.ii'., I Hcivrtbilcs iji'i ' I I " w . ' - ■ ftf"d 
til' thi IAOlki.fi in i t ' , - , i i.' » rttpj 
ittipn wjcd i n ' • .] i .ni i . i ':i i >' .\ . 1 

i . atdtltoiti. 

i itdi i ', ) • ; ■ . i '.. .;!!!■':..:' h« »..-rkf . ' i- - 
tiioi crii' in ad ni U dii Iiiht n| tile • ' 

rc-i-tau, • . 1 1" 'i ,-t i '-I . 'he '.i ill 
-.ii I il,' i- . i:|d til' ;:t i ile-t roUll-iMt cm 
lit-. Tii'li ItHKUl* lie t'i. ". c. ..ic ,,t . 
(ogt'fd ffiui of i!k- !»t. nvv; .l.i-e- 
Tin 1, p| fttaighl '." th. tu!: hfti ' •■' 
lal.i.i - h"^ .. - .iii I UltK ; ]. i' i"t - 

It hi- I •••> n .:h:,.'i',: -';•'. ' ' •., 
pet in 1 1 it- sit ] r> ■ | " i il ilid lliiili di ■ 
nu iii "f .hi v imIuhi ,' ;« ".;■'■•; hi 

e. mnifltU' Wi '.1 In it|g nf the Jl. .It 1(1 i-s nt 
its ciri, Ii II ; ll •! . il l' '..'.a • ^ 



lalxu i- i ifnhhfd in .u in, v , i ^ 
in. 'i i a "■ I 'm ills , all of (hi 1 
:: - holll ■' I"il old il in i 
t h . ■ 1 1 iii , i ill i 1 1 nu i 

|i i I. - llMli at I 'i 1 1 1 1 1 i .nt tit 

Old 1 ■ li . I "ll' till III lt« u [|, 



nil) 

>" ' fruiuoi 
" 1 'In Im 



]„ : ieiii i i ■• ii 1- 



t tt. 1 1 il.i- n 



hc-t he aceoiiipiUhed through the n.nk - 
ll llti ill un ■'. i tm nt 

Tin- j»ri id hi \!<j ■ ■ i]. l ilv »jf all iTiumrj 
devi 'i.i|n I :^-t ;ii j i • .| •■ a 1 1. .ii tn thi 
a , 'ili'.. ni (he inn ■' -t ii - urn' . 'ih'*' 

ari Un t'l' ill- 'i'ii : i a'.. "'. iii •! pi !!i ,ki 

rotroutHi i- 1>: •> nation - Im i • than i"t it* 
pvoptc tn ajtiba "i trade* iinom nut. 
through tlnir agency, unitedly <vctirv 
ninr. md more, until tliA'i o' 'mi dl '.Imi 

whiili tin ; rrvrtte. 'I'hi- ie-uli a nl in 

eslla'd'. follOl* 111 Mpll ll tlllt'lll "t 

i i'ior and h i m 1 1 ' ci! ill • wtirking in en -mi 
with oil i . initnon Jan j"'-' in view 

Tin- iudisptittthu i tiivoiun i m ' a.i - 
reetigiiuril Ii the founder^ <•■ Un ti c!' - 
iiuimi tn i.' tm ut. and btntii<hu < paw <.t 
the oiu in lotion u]'.in wbU'h in -mui..] •'■ 

the liojie- sum! ' \\" ct.i' ions i .! ii - j,r, nt 
adllei' i,t-. 

kiltlcaulh. uli. kiiowh Uootlliualile 
ot the i nil •tmgKlv*i '!" ]iiu It lull ihe 
da-. li»- u in i ,s irdcd tm!.. I tin- i i i,i s— i — , 
sshn, until i oiiiji.ii iincls .i-hmt ttm> ago, 
wen looked llpOfl a- IIU n- Ia a t-ot flUI 

di n and treated ■<- -u. h, Ian ui tin utia- 
lytica] miml, of even to the < ,■ - 1 1 l of»- 
nerver who reflects tipmt the nucuuiula- 
tion-oi great wealth in the hands ul the 
few whn.it. dimipating at the expense ol 

lllc lift - blood of 1 1 1 li> i< i li! i luldti |1, de 
fenseli ss womcfl and ]n ivcrly -ti n k i n 
men, who iml lor a pittance lh.it tin 

favolcd few ina\ reap the lial si -t ami revel 

hi licentious luxury, it u ., nn - no great 
stretch td tin- imagination t,, depict Ihe 
cotulitkm oi tin toih*rot tin t-arli age*. 

A- king Oa these con.liiioti- prevail il is 
tbeilut) of iutelliKeut, thoughtful, honc-t 
men in encourage tin- develoMiieiil ot 

trade- llllioil. 'In ^'leil levelc r- i il -01 ,., 1 

and economic inequalities, tile lii-toiic.il. 
practical ami logical means bj which 



• Htvm) 
;.ti ,i ,| 
i'i- iii,. 

lui ti, ■ . , : I.,. ,,i itttpusnitti, ,i ( j 

-• f • >'« • 1 hi explicits] .|,|, I , , , „, 

i la--. ish", '■• itnted i nn , 

hark'-d l'\ i'H|i»n,i|i tumci i ,,,, 

and 111 • ''in :n-' i ■ i • I) . I ic r . ; ,,,, 

in l| l i 1 I tint ""I "' 1 1" •• • • ,, nf 

., e . . 1 1 ill d I" l"'i I limt n| il .. 

I'i i It -ii ii •. i.i ubltiMtn i,. | ,., 

•i <s oil , I n i ! e. 1 1 k . i ' 1 1 n | , 

, . i - • • [ill il I HI ! Iii ii ll || v,, 

' . 

'■',!!■; ,1 '• i - .1 ; ' . I 'il Ult Urdllsti 

, in.' i-ti i 'In ' ntritivgti iL nu 

i I In : 

.ni id. tl .... >id i 

■ 

..... i,i ■ h llitp .:t in. ' ' i','. 
. int'lil h , . I III i -c 1 S litinlglH |l ■•■,(; 

. I I, , : ., j • . ill , ,| |, 

win ..'',*•..•••!■ it i in. I .|. ■, , , , - , ni 
Wil ijton ' ■ a j" 1 1« I .i, ; 

e. ill|(>||Mi 
'I'". HI- ll 



tt • ' 1 It III 

pVi'tn bo Ld 

,! lit 



I I 

i Li- t to ip aw in. ami ni' 



duoi>l< 'i im ^tman f 4 i u i . 



keshons for tlr ganizintt UHmrl Rians, 

lb ■ . .-• tin uui'ni In lj*» u« l»i • . ■'..• 
W>ig»'st This proven bj alt in. oii.it n? 

. , ■ 

I;. il l;> ';. to ; lew lit I fuitfl Wt 

..- W . j. - ui st- loin i ut •.. ti 
.. ss. .: organt "! tradi ut ■ lUutg 

In nt) 1 mug "ii/. i j , iiiie h is ■ mi wurl 

]!• ,ll-e 1 11 1 ' ' l 1 . i u tin t i ■ Is sltt'l 

Tin - ipplle* t. . • hi a i .'i i "' '■ 1 I * 
i- the ,.i!t - . .I dn ' II ioll. 

Iii •,»■ ", li-M'in 'S" -.in 
t it hi ;..] MtUatf ill*. ' si li -- . mi • . ••• 

!- .; •' li -- ll I. tin!:, 

|tl IUM 1' e I'i, ate- .|» ♦•! j-i 

tii '• - Ti ft oti l tiuiii taki tli' ; I ." 

"I th' de 1 ' it 1 tli; -•" a't s and tin ] v |«ti 
li . t ",t • . 

Id , ,'i>«- it ^isi - un n .ni l »*l ' -* 
reliance. Tin -i m'i l«wr».tl.Ui kii - 'i" ; 
a tn ' iti i'l I -.s. .in in. 

he. t'l -i it , li v i l' .j'- fraternit; 

tll'-ll It' til Inn jtttkril* 111 I -U-l • ' - "I 

niii lantln t ' ken pt beat 

Hi ■ ail-i ,t i- i I nisi tut W 

iitln i iUMituttini five* I. n ■ 1 

lelill U Utt < xj'Ctidll me ol tun* .»!••! ' 

ll'-. lU-e It ttl ,kc- tin wm I i 
a- Wfil a- wmk. The W"tk' l |h«-<I t« 

ruli tin ii in'- llecu togethi t In m '"• 
i mnnton ■ "n, cnt 
Hi . (UMe it eni it^cs ai ijii. mil im ■ rki* 

SM.rld I ■ 1 1 ii i til l, h reStril I' d tm ll 
ssi irk i i. 

Itrcuise ii tea. In - u- wwi] 

When i iUm '- '.nil pentw - ] 

nw II tin i lit ll. 

H>iall-e II makes the -ll"]' 

pin i I., wmk in. Ail »m»RHtii ' 1 
can't 'iiills a Iinioil card. 

Hi . auae it i- your dwtj 1 " "' 
Union man i- ihe -utile' ni 

army, 

Because it nelpa th. uunilj y] "' t ' 

inotiey, nmre comforts ami tm • 1,1 v "" 
i ies, ii s on ]ili asc. 



I!i calls,, tl i- a lahol -as I'" 1 



lime 



■J'he in. r ..I nrganixittion i nil l ™ 
ssholi iiMlustrial world. 
Becauw ii hi legal. The State 

toned In take oil the collspll." ' ' 

tixukang*. 



1 » 



• I,, >: ■ > • '. „ . t, ' 



I 

. . 

.... 

■ 

■ 



■ 



■ ' 

«- J I 



M I M 1 ' - . 
I V • 1 1 i ► it i ■ 



Ibi t ii i "• 

- H ir i 

..hi i ni "i , 

i ' 1 win. V 1 M .| 
. Il l 



I' 



1 -.ill 



in! 



*' ■ I ': tl 

'■'U ' t H.nii •! .'. - ii. ill A I Hi • 

• in . .. npwlh ) hi i <!■ Un iti i Tiii 

1 [iithvi \i»l ii 1 1 i ' 1 ■ 
' • it. .i » • |i) . ; it I-- n« i| HHwn I 

HT 1 1 II III* iiinuiii - it) mil 1 1 1 . . iin, ■ i 

I "1 ■ ' 1 ■ •■- inu '« {ifrwAInf .< |*M i | "., I . 

* • : ' h 11 1 • "i "f" 1 1 1 ■ mm ' tiii i i i i n 

II • 1 I ''• ll 1.1. lull ■ ■ i I 

1 1 H 

I IIKMII 

* '"HNsli.M I 

• lh -. I | \i, 

I ' I In Ii..*, j ' 

1 * «..i|, WIN I 
H I \li I . II l I l k s I 

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ALABAMA. 

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CANADA. 



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IDAHO. 

t.i a i.l., i i.,, ,v UurtiM 

ILLINOIS. 

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IOWA. 



it. ..si — i , I.. Mcklruy. 
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KANSAS. 

Am. I s 1 1 si M M tie] i] i H"i 117. 
|nl , -l* l I r - Is 

K is. is i ii. Mi Mullen, Km Muncie 

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16 



THE CARPENTER. 



KENTUCKY. 



-,2 ki'tiM'ios fVlatittiq \W K»« mimiujIi 

7-A ill i n M.mt. . .- IHm'i 

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•_>|| ■■ | s,lnn,M il* 1- la. ul'iu 

mis M«i'"Ki -W l win- is* Central «w 

LOUISIANA. 

n t u i in i i i \ - Hkvrtiiirv .n*lR*t. Cntiutril 
I . 1 1 \v> |t< i . £ttl |nw|iHmi- m 
Xrt \ u - I. mil., rn,TU I imt in ' -i 

,-(ii i i ittlirki«i>. hi i L'otli/ »l 

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xY Mini \ i 1 i -C li. Hull'. IUivl'i.I 

MAINE. 

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III? l.ltll-l. N lll'tl I l...llll,al,l, * '" ll ai . 

A i.' ill ii 

..IT l'oniiwir I L". IIVJIUS K'.!>,M--I 

.It- WAtkkVtl.l.l UhimII.J' siinini, i -I 

MARYLAND. 

•'i iim iivmiii W II Kr«rtu»M t WMA!wl«|Hh»J 
II " — II ll -M.hrin-.lu. IS** 

CAUlun uw 

MASSACHUSETTS. 



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/ill, St. 

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MINNESOTA. 



a»H. DTLtTTR— John Ktlax, Max \V Inilnth 

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k | Ni-ll I I (stlllil 1 I'.* I'' ' 

'" NI A* M I IM ,„ 

M iMtuiH ■ .il i.tililiill'H '. ; „ „ 

.11 1 1 11 ' k I I - I'liii "I 1 1 , 

II' ti - hull.', '" ■' „, 

HI i ii. iini ni l»» I" " 
• Mitlwkfti ii ' -i-i 1 
auk i ii if " 

s MM WAI Kl I ll; ni. J'"'" , .":,.„„,l 

H.i , \ li. Pit nt i"" ,, 

ii.i iCInis kniii" " 
i is ii ki.sii i DMa i i I""' ' ':' ,. 
k 1 1 ini m i. km.: i il« 1 1 l . . lh .i 

sill in. 1 1. > n I'l 'I I'l' ' 1 |_,y. 

ttMikl ii.-a KllitUull Ml ""*'"'* 

WYOMIN(i 

niAM.i.N'iiviM.k-ii i TMip-a-ti******' 



THE CARPENTER. 



07 




M0RR1LU5 PERFECT SAW SETS. 



Bench Stops. 
Car Sealers.^ 



Universal Punches 
Cuiting Nippers. 



CHARLES MORRILL, 




35 

WARREN ST., 
New York. 




BECISTFRfD PATENT. NO SO. 571. 1 

I Ma I nto Mats it rtsapte) em au 5a* Sim and otkn Hard we. fS See- ii!ii« of my 



> *>lilH PRINTERS' LABEL 

.in PdiS*^ 71111 '» 

^ * r, v>^ -i ..««]« 

«JT"'*Or:!> J^^jcOUNCILj) •ullKtritf of the 

* — TTpSffapfclral 

Pi KM) Hi- <»<nusn Ttp..^rmj.l.Hi TV 
l t U • ■ .1 uii all ue».| »!'♦'' id. I SOUS Vtirt I 
||M] . • -ti «> ( i.arne mJ 1 «mi. n -f « t.. r* it.. 
ft l - • rk 1* i! Hi*. 



AM al 0* MAT ED /]^^ ^W O 0D WOBH tB^ 

G3taiK?3Ki -35? EES? fxt> ~ 



IN ff BKAT)0KAL 




Of AMERICA 



Carpenters' 
Tools. 

HAMMACHER 
SCHLEMMER 
& CO. 

209 BOWERY 
NEW YORK 



SASH WEIGHTS 

E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use Inferior Sash Weights when oar goods can be obtained from 
any good Hardware Dealer ? We claim for our goods, 

HONEST WEIGHT 
NO LUMPS OR FINS 

AIL WEIGHTS WELL CLEANED AND PLAINLY MARKED 



Special Weights 



Made as Ordered 



Wa respectfully aak that our good* be 



I 



4TW NG $W[1 THE SQUARE ROOT 
•ruma*. Jgj DELINEATOR 

SIMPLE, 

Pri« LE " WffiA GfrtMtii plain riGUffH Mtitmm 

rH *~k mmm% omen. wr* am 

| " ^Mw/y ^A B&CL4 rofi CYctukNO uhcych pitwu, 




II 



HQPPfff CUTS, 00*00 NZAWffE m 

5mt P09T paid. Price $1.00 



THE CARPENTER. pJ^SXttL 



Wararooms, 
New York, Philadelphia, CMcaffO 



Pactorlea and Oeneral 
New Britain, 



P. & F. Corbin 

^Builders' Fine Hardware 

925 Market Street 

^^■^PHILADELPHIA 



••HONE No. J 74 J 



The Model Hahd Box. 



I PATENTED] 




Cut BBOWI bM ffliled (<■ pti It in elicit. 
When Wded up U i* a!* in. ihut. 7 ' a in. wide. 




l/ul ihow* bo 1 open fur use. 



Thev are mndr of three thicknesses of wood glued together— one, M in., and two, 
1 t6 in., maluni! '» in thick, and are hinged together with steel hinges, fastened with 
copper rivets entirely, no nail) or screws being u»ed, and are neatly stained cherry 
color and varnished. 

Kvery Carpenter knows the convenience of a hand boi that can he put in hia chest 
This combines the utility of the Kugliahman's bag, and the convenience of the 
American's hand box. It weighs hut 4 1 . lbs , and it stronger than an ordinary half-inch 
box They are made of* uniform depth of 4 Win., to in. wide and 24 in long. 

PRICE, *2.00 each. . 



WM. P. WALTER'S SONS, 

TOOLS & HARDWARE, 
1233 Market Street, Philadelphia. 



STANLEY'S 

UNIVERSAL PLANE. 

iM iriiiNU : 
Moulding Plane, Match, Sa h, Chamfer, Beading, 
fteed;n i ', Fluting, Hollow, Round, Plow, Dado, 
Rabbet, Filletster and Slitting Plane.. 

No, 55. Universal Plane, $16.00 

WITH 62 CUTTtBB. 

tWT The ['Inn* I* Nil W Pluleit ; the M Cutter. era 
TlsStsd in I""' le>p»ir;ite rain; ami the entire 
....tin i» |m " * nrji Wumlen Hun. 

■OLD BY ALL HARDWARE DEALERS. 




THE CARPENTER. 



Lane Standard Parlor Door Hanger 




The most popular house door hanger on the market — because it 
is made ri^ht. The frame is ALL STEEL and substantial. The 
wheel is constructed on mechanical principles, has a fibre tread and 
runs true. Ask for Lane Hangers and send to us for catalogue. 

LANE BROTHERS CO. 

422-454 Protpnt St. Poughkeepsie H. Y. 



The Atha Tool Co. I 



NEWARK, N, J, 

Makers of Highest Grade Harrmers 




si 



I 

3= 



WILL PULL A WIRE BRAD 
Best Material Best Shape Best Finish 



FIRST-CLASS BOOKS. 

Cheap, Practical and Useful. 

Mmmi c&sramn *>» Rvi umra, >>i- 
tw> ►.UK 

Tiik Hi n.i'i u > « • < i i • i : ami V.* I ima n-n 

I'ltn i. IttH.h. Mwltc - I" 1 

Tiih M i 1 1. H</r mi , ami HOW 10 I -i 1 1 . I 08 

I'UAI I l< U. <'M!l I N TltV. HmlgH..|l 1 HI 

htaih-ki -i i i>i m ti'i v. • -v, iimitpiijii , . i m 

H*XI> llui Mam Ea-v 1 BS 

Thk OtinumiA Hi n.m r » < i 1 1 

CuMI'AHIiiN I ft 

]'. J. Mi (il lKK, 

i<ai m, FMtoW|JH«, 




Wt? will mnlce yon tn order a penknSO 
lilt* cut above, with your pictnro »n«< 

nam* thereon, with taawobi mm, for one 

riotUr. or i hi k two-ldtulrd Cirpetiu-r-j 
Ki.lif with fit-mum MtlviT r»|j, ti]*rk 
handle. 7. r i cent., »r torlomc hIh-H handle 
one dollar. liladtN wnrrnnici] to «Und 
hunt Winn! r<ijiiii|i. 

E. LOCK WOOD 
190 Poplar St. Cbeleee, Ham. 



Rapid Mortise Wrought Steel Locks. 

or 




Mortises m&de with a ,s in. bit. 
Cent res found with the Guaging 
Strike. Ouickly applied. 

Accurately Fitted. 
A New Departure in Lock Making 



SOLE MAKERS 



Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co. 



NEW BRITAIN, CONN. 

PHILADELPHIA 

CHICAGO 




NEW YORK 

BALTIMORE 



ARE 
YOU 
A 

UNION 
MAN? 
THEN 
STAND 
UP 
FOR 
THE 

PRINCIPLES 
OF 

ORGANIZED 
LABOR 
AND 
WEAR 
UNION 
MADE 
CLOTHING. 

Get jom t »;i r ; . kuj tu». gu>xl> ha'll d<> it fc.r Ui* wkiurf 
■<M a ..1 fat t -.(■■■ wMiun^ uai|>lt« tu I |at| 
Kuuu IhUiw puck<*t mi-i»or*nduru Hcj.k frnc 




f..u'll h*l|. th* 0*1 



HAMILTON CARHARTT & COMPANY. DETROIT, MICHIGAN 

Th« Ins ih»t I. miklnf 1 MuS Mam- rioUHnj pupvltr. 



c 
o 



c 



CO 



CO 



(/) 

k 



D 
< 



m 

C 
s 

3 ■ - UJ 
< CO 



3 5 



0) 

ill 

Sox 



c 
o 

'55 
. c 
W o 

uj 

La « 

& 4 

5p o 

D L. 

< QQ 

■& & 

I 



-a 

« L. 

> ti 

^ U 

sag 



; - = - cANCHOR 'BRAND « | - 

:\fl/,i» liiic y Hammers 

1 1 



1 



LARGEST MANUFACTURERS IN THE WO* 

FAYETTE R. PLUMB, tat 

PHIl.ADFLELPH/A 



"Stempel " 
FIRE EXTINGUISHED S 

Unequaled f o r Simplicity, Certainty, 
Quic kn ess and Power in Action 

Teitaa to 400 Pound- and Fully Warranted 
Approved by Philadelphia Fire Underwriter* 



MA8TRR IiUrr,nHR8' BXCHANOE. 
UNITRD OA8 IM I'KOVHMHN r CO. 
PROVIDKNT LIRS AND THti„T CO 
RUDITA8I.B TRDBT CO. 
UNION TRACTION CO. 
JOHN WANAKAKKR. 
rHN NSYLVANI A R. A. CO. 



U3ED BY 

ACAOKMV OF FINK ARTS. 



icrki:bockbr ICB CO. 

HKNCOVD IRON WORB8. 
AMKRICAN PULI.RV CO. 
flKORCB V, CRKS8ON CO. 
WRIT FKII.ADKL.fH I A eTOCKVH 
OIRARD COLLKGB. 



H. R. BENNETT 

1217 FILBERT ST. - - PHILADELPHIA. PA. 




fi an M il F< >t Carp 'titer , 



■\ , Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 



\ . XX. No. 5- I 
t shed 1881. | 



PHILADELPHIA, MAY. 1900. 



f Fifty Cents Per Year. 
( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



FOR QUALITY AM) FINISH 

"Disston" Saws and Files 



£" ma n u fa c t u re 
our own steel and 
arc therefore ahle 
to vvatcll the quality 
closer than any 
other saw maker. 



CAIN NOT BE EXCELLED 
No. 12, THE FINEST SAW EXTANT 




Write for our 
Booklet 11 Practical 
Hints to Mechan- 
ics " on the Saw, 
how to choose it 
and how to keep it 
in order. 



HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc., Philadelphia., Pa. 



GOODS BEARING OUFi NAME ARE FULLY WARRANTED 



TAINTOR 
POSITIVE 
SAW SET 



a; • 



I " !' 1 

ti.cm 




» thrtti ilciH t Inlet . n 



TAINTOR MFG. CO. 
9 TO 15 MURRAY Si. 



St if t "/'A - 




FOR SALE BY DEALERS IN BUILDERS HARDWIRE 



Sharp Tools Do Good Work 




India Oil Stones 

NAMI i v rUHED I 1 

THE NOKTON EMERY-WHEEL CO. 
Worcester, Mass. 



fttntM « Kvcti nt.l Clcnr Oral 
Gr< it Sin ii ' ,| "I -M ttt 't.il. .V. i| 

si I ; 1 1 h !>i 

R| nnrkul.il' Cutting qUBlItM - 



to .ill rt..|iiiri'<1 



The Pike Manufacturing Co., sow musts 

fUen STATION, X. Ml. X- y Otfit*. ijj Chamber* St. 

Pike's Lily White Washita 

THE BEST OIL STONE C" EARTH 




, , ,,.(.,.,.. m< >.u»r urn, »ni1 hai< I 
(111 ui 'inif em I '■ I*'"'' 1 "'. l«H'»I 

whctlw h»i I • * H'H.aml sunranlttd to fivt 
■bteluU antiafactlon I'" •»»" »<on« '» 
mat- i,i B <i. r ».,(.. him! -II 
A!l Ir.il.iiu r.nr.lwait .lf»lrr». 

*tti<i fcf i>oual«< Wttyacl 
•Vroaas. M«i« m Mi «■ r »«. I'M I >«■« 
{'uma.nini; a d»». rij.u..n - f il>««.l tri-oa* on 
tfcanar«<t.« • ml of nila to uaa, etc. * 

THE PIK HFC. CO.. PIKEST»1 



a. 

£ 

r- 

(0 

e 

□ 

u 

3 
_l 

a 
2 

< 
_i 
t 

Z 

or 
w 
I 



U 




Keystone 
Special Apron 
For R. R. Men 

Cut full in Waist 
Wide in Leg 

Last Month we Showed You 
Our Special .Coat. 



Ask. your Dealer for these excellent 
Garments 



CLEVELAND & WHITEHILL CO. 

NEWlil RUH, N. Y. 




H (kuufaotva* 



W. S. Thomson 

Solid WW* sm t Door, Blind , 
Bud. tongue and flroow Cittcn 



*LB<J 



Mr.lfkt. Twlrtj, MoaUlay «ni 0*1- 
1*1 •FfTPrj Jwc-ipUoo ud Stool 
(iiw Uud Bolt* 



418-420 W. 27th, St. 

W KiU 



NEW YORK 

AM.did a* 




Swont Circulation of THE CARPMNTMM, 

35,000 Copies Monthly. 

Be i Vdvertising Medium for Tool ManufacturerBj 
Wood Working Machinery, 
Building Material; 



Com t actors, Architects and Bust tess 



ISO o 

d Bi 



f Si 



ieci 



I 





IMPROVED MACHINERY 




Km N C 1 Vertical Swgl« Sptaaltaml 

Will be found to nnssos'i many 
AdvantaRes and Convpnicncea. 



FOR CARPENTE S, BUILDERS, 

sash. DC OR A BLIND WORK 

ERS. ETC 

. . l\n !>i m' tits />•> tit,- . \akin$ . . 

"A Money Saver " 

J. A. FAY & CO. 

514- to 534 W. Front St 

'^s^^. CINCINNATI, O. 



The Egan Company 



FOOT AND HAND POWER MACHINERY 

COMPLETE OUTFITS 

SEX EC* FALLS MF6 CO 

it Watt* -NVn/.-a /j.Vj A' >'.. C/.Sii, 




406 to -fJo W. Front Street, CINCINNA TI, o 



WOOD WORK NG 

MACHINh:- J Y 



! I >r \u. < LASSfcS • 1 1 



W'hi n> ik 1 1 . ■ i >i ii -. • 1 1 i*i i niw ive 
>i i . ivex. ivi »', , . ... t U .'. Hi- . I, 

CODlfF, < 1 " , i ii ■ i.>v t)ii',l''.it 
.iM.i J'> i ueuff... mil f! wu'l.. 



. . . rVt * 

...Invite 

...Correspi mu'etK, 





Y>3 !] The New System 




THE OEM SCRIEER 

M'tiil in .iJI mi'i'hai 



I, .tli 



i . I f r . i i > «S; C<> 



P. BRA IS & CO 

ft I Indu* Street, Cl*vctandi Ohio, 
PRICE 25 CENTS. 



OF EDUCATION 

Archttei 



A I 1 . • 



f MHillT tt> " 

•WRP Utri " i .. r- 

W : li, I.. ; . ! • ! ...I.,. I. 

» r»*i trt, • ' 1 ir *' ■ , t i 

|( « • ■ ■ t llllb | ■ ■ 

lit i» Utittltttl i Ml , "Mi, i - , 



THE ATKINS SAW 

In Material, In Finish, in Cutting Qualities 

Warranted the Best 

E. C. ATKINS & CO- 

SAW WAKUrACTUHERS INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 

UNION CARPfcNTEKS. ATTE1MTIQ N 



1 }' 



^ Hi »«ly DIMM JIAI»K llnnu, Hark, and hMl snns. MtMtAwtarN 
in 1 l*o f *Hito<l Slates art- made foj 

E. C, Atkins & Co., Indianapolis. Ind 

See the fallow log, from Carpenter*' L'ttlOMI 
To djv Cnrp'ntvrn of the rolled States »n<l Ci>nn<t» 

We hereby certify that the Saws made hv R. C Atkins & 
Ca, of Indianapolis, Ind., are Blrktly UNION MALJF. (iOODS. 
mod are tlr«t-claM In quality. 

We are instructed to sign this cettiflcate bv our reepevtlv r 
Unions 

B. A. SGHLUDER, 
O. G. SMOCK. 

P*«n.i*nt i atpentet i t nun ,\v injtmnuf>atn. Inn 

1 til. ■»!.•>«■ I* I f»r liy Hut* Maker*' l'iit<iu 
Ko. I. mi Ii.himkik.IU, 




THll vt.it \ RKNT Fl'RKACK 

la mode right litre in Pbiladchihia sod » 
cvriAHbtrv by peaplt it is 

THH PARAXON I IRNACI! 

vt'I it is \\ c 1 t>*\ fitrnacr !>ec«us<> it ». \> * i 

hrnt t» the Mjiwt nitli thaji say trUm 

niilt, Ii-, unique 

Baattroetl' 'ii rti M 

ibis jm llile. 
k HMU about Hraling" 
will ititerr*t tuiuue'ip you 
It i» Pa • i 



^rj^ > 'I 




IHt WHr BEST RANGE 

i« >»i»o in*.!c in Pitila 
itotohitt it !« 

THE EXCELSIOtt RANGE 

'1 i-M.rv COUrcivntile jilrle It 
i us !.. r., Lmma to I'hua<Ie!pfaia iiouai ke«i n Toi the 
" . ■■art • ., the verv i»c>.t nnep 

I - ' MAGIC " • - . ),.\\ r..r ., ■ ., ,.: . 

j-a.-t, -.iL'Tpcuaivc r»n|fer. Pal] deaeiiption sent 

apOc rfijiiest 




ISAAC A. SHEPPAPD & CO., 

1801 North Fourth Street Philadi 

Al.„.r.NKW rOKKi , m ,; 11*1/11 NlHt K 



TOWER & LYON 



kunoyjcriraiim 



i»5 Chambun stret. 



11 



FINE TOOLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

C<»rru(raf4Ml Fhc« or Smooth l-ai-fi 
thfxrkprfd Ituiibor Handli-H mr tnami>lr4 

WlMtll llHIIftll^ 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 
TOWER'S CHAMPION SCREW DRIVERS 

•ptolal FtMl. Twttd Tough T.m.er- BolU t»atW Boliur. H w , Mill F.ral.. TlaUd hand].. 





Satisfaction 

is given all :m»im«l whet) I be h in 
is tfitiiinet] w itli Sargent*s li.tnhs 
'l*]w Arcliitect is pIcnRed becnusi 
s]K'< ilicd it ; tin ovritfr is pli n 
Cftd] t inn- lie looks at lln- tfilttltitllj 

beeaune ihty add so itfttch to 
beauty trflhe Home, :m<I every 1 
is pleased with the working r»J ? 
gent's Busy Spring flocks, 

Sargent & Company, 

Maker* of Artlstk Hardware sj>d Kim I 

New York, N. V, .itni New Haven. < >nn 




A My for Girpenlers, Si lir Builders, Wachine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 



V< >L. XX.- No. 5. ) 
E tbl'shed 1881. J 



PHILADELPHIA, MAY, 1900. 



f Fifty Cents Per Year. 
1 Single Copies, 5 Cts. 




'J'mi. i •, , Oh:'. W. !: ... done u ru-h- 

in>j ttuMutM .1 mng the post mmflit. 
Iinii.i'i I mi. htti dri 1 in ". in- in' . n B1 i 
m 'lit iin-.-Uil/ Looking !'• >r ■ >t >i- r - 
1. ■■ til t'liion „■ is flourishing and tin- 
i:i'M,iKi i u'- .ill "f g 1 i htvr. 



£11 

Wt- - 
in ii 



! <„ .d Union 1 ' ■ i " pro 

V. Ill' l! i\ i \ cr \ !:.' i ' 



ml tr* an 



ing 



;r> lib 



li.ui- nil the ' i:pi nt« is l;-n- 

;'■ x i - Local T * t i i • * i i is 
-Ti tin jp 'lit r ink. At "Hi 
.' ' _ Til til f till "I s win- lltlttB- 

. imvi 1 applii ■ 1 1 1" m ■ 'ti band 
, • ,n.ai Ul la well 



. k i Al l I.' " ill I " '• • ' i IS "i 
,• i imdllion Sm »i" miter* 
i Ulilt) '1 Ri II ' J BVtl \ meeting 
. i v'cti'l Im si w ' -hi s 1" mil 

throughout the counti > 



. "k r N i v. - , Y.i ' Mr t;:::i in W 
. [fi wing, .»! •! il»r .nci.v t.wni- 

■ ,! '■•::s dllTitlg tin ; .i-t («>' 

- h is (tern ii i; im in (ft » i irh Dtvi t 
' > I.-., il I » i- doing vn t-1 ; 



A: 



\s: Kl v. III'!. ( till I." u 1 M' li 



rowing tti iniiii'i-K iti'l .it every 
mi ■■■ . ••'.> bay* nutation- and appliea- 
UOi Im idmiision. Tin* "Id members. 
.ir< : i ■ ;,? ;', Worker* m the g«*id i au»e, 

I. - \ Miss W« ll.lVC slHll'I'll'l in 

iv. i»btng tin- eight-bum day f"t Hlj 
him ! tiul niit ml in m ike ' 'l' in iti'i on 

t!l> tin tuts f*tf ,n right hour lb) 

Hi \'. ; iii.i'. I, "i ,il I i lull is lluiii- 

i*hii 



mu\, Iowa. Although We ■ ■ t >_* . i n - 
ized j • recently, we UOW haw i mem* 
i-t r -l . of ■■ fully half tin- rnrpentera 
in town, and .i large in ijoritj <>f the* ire 
the hi I workmen, ore In union ~> 

■ii'- | !.iti^ .ilu .nl. 



N RriVaix, Conn. Kvctj meeting 
"i I. t il I'liiun c si i s new wltlUiomtO 
nut i tiiku .in*l nut im nil'i ts in Kteatt) 
'ii' 1 rngf't in theii effort* Ui »Uenglben 
ti I lAisiuin tlie organization. T)>c good 

A' irk >;.h , stf.iilily on. 



Lvkchdvro, v.i. We have little of 
nothing u> eomjttain ol betv. Reefytbing 
ta Wovinfi along nttafactoriiy. We trc 
taltingtnnett members al eacb meeting 
ami the "Li i. in s im. working in earnetrt 
f'.r the giMni nf the organisation. 



in. ,i . i . \. v w't- in taking 

::i I: 1 W tl|i*Blhrl .1' > .'■:' blCrting nil. 1 

•a.- ttvrojii'H) uvsiringtfu . omark. All 
lirotber; tn zealous and ailive in tbc 
gixvi w",'n. hiv] I. "1 .il Union \i- orotn* 
isi s lie one oi the irtronge*! awl munt 

Itjfl K'RtiftJ :n tins r< gioft. 

11 v s . • . i.k I'.i < »:ir !u, il 111:;. m is 
ibitrtu . \..':. ut work iii.i tin- ttiftul'ur- 
*hip is Iw-inu i:i.-ti'.ts|..J ,it in-. illy nil rif 
(be regutai ineetingi< Ljtcal : »■ still 
u ug In tbt hlweement, f/ul tbe l.nitliers 
•it. ileti : mitn 'i t!i.<t in tin- at a future it* 
:<< '.fi w 1 >■ .l ■ , n i}t table m many f >f the 
'■'.\<: anion* In the HnitberbiMad. 

t,vr»t *> vif'Us, f wf, — Wearedotng \<r> 
well here, mul we note la tin- cohtmusof 
"Jin Hki, tin- progreaa that i+ 

l>eing nift'fc iin unu «>n» 'tit' ill over tbe 
countfi N< « mfrntnTs .irt- coming in 
n^bt .il"Hij bm*1 r<oca1 Union is 
eiu'imragcw] . . rr \ mi tin- n'..»i work 
until . \. t\ chip m ,ui\ worth bebmgatw 

our r inks 



1 mi mul til.--, will not tuirot.i. c tuer- 

luota who have anj work donobyany 

. ■ .i.'.r.i. t. ir who will nut employ union 

men. 

It' !.- ill. Minn - I.'.'mI Cniofl No. 361 

m i's regular weakly moetitrgti iiurin^ 
On.- l.i-i six weeks has been l.nsy obligat- 
ing new members. Sinn- the re-election 
of J, 1 1. Baker as organizer, on an average 
'.: five new membcra have been addad to 
the list of membership at each meeting. 
Iju\ neek'a meeting was crowded, more 
members 'ninn present than at any 
previons meeting for a number of years. 
Sixteen new member* were initiated and 
the applications laid over until the next 
meeting. 



fitness "f the applicants to become mem- 
bank Tbe members are working hard to 

tnaki- their picnic a ;_;reat RUCCesa. 



Skattlk, Wash.— -We have the propoa» 
itioti under way to build i Labor Temple 

here, ami at present there are yjooil ]>ros- 
ptets of siieeess. ThJa eity is better 

organized than ever before, and what is 
very encouraging the people are with us. 
Tin- firm <'t" Kline \ Rosenberg, clothiers, 
hi- offered to contribnte |50f)ifall the 
unions will gel together ami build the 
Temple, We do not anticipate any diffi- 
culty in raising the necessary amount 
among the business men. The labor on 
the new building will i>e done bj the 
different trade unions. 



I'aTKRson , N. J. — Nearly 4(X; carpen- 
ters, membera Of Local Union 325 and 
their friends attended the smoker given 
recently. An excellent program hail 
been prepared for the occasion and ample 
provisions bad been made for the inner 
man. President William I). Huher was 
with «s anil was hearlly greeted. He 

mule a brief address complimenting the 

local carpenters on the vigorous efforts 
towards thoroughly organizing the craft 
in this vnn inity which they have put 
forth recently, lie predicted a success- 
ful outcome for their demands for shorter 
hours and more wages, limiting his re- 
marks owing to the festive character of 
the gathering. 
Mr. Paul Breeti of the Passaic County 

Trades Council, also made an address 
which was likewise to the point and well 
received:, J. P. McDonnell, tor the first 
in a long lime, made his appearance but 
was too ill to exert himself. For a short 
time only did he mingle with the gathering 
and after < ouferriiuj with toe officers and 

their guests, and receiving the hand- 
shakes of a number of old acquaintances, 
he left for home. Nothing was lacking 
to make the occasion a thoroughly en joy - 

able one. 



Ai.iii\, 111. livery'thing is going 
along -in... >thl> it the present time. 

I, ". al Union J7T has ■» Btemtiership of 
over seventy m ^.m^i standing, and has a 
htisinesaagi nt in the field, Brother Orville 
v. 1..1W. who is '!''irg excellent Work, 

W( hope t" srnd in a mtU'h hi tter state- 
in. lit the lli-xt time we make a report 

im pubiiratinti m Tin C \ki i vn-.R. 



Atlanta, (♦•, f<ocal Union .tir has 

HOU a memlierribip "I • '. In January 

w, Inliiateil fortj ne-w memliers, in Peb- 
ruarj fourteen and in March twenty* 

se\. n. We an ll"t only getting ijll.intitV 

l.ut quality as well, as tin- best skilled 

mi u 111 thi- l.Usiiii ss are on nut toll. We 

bavc everything rc<ptired t<> make a 
sluing union, l>rains ami backbone, 



l'oi \i\, Ala. Our new tmioii is in- 

cteasing steadily, We now haw seventy- 
nine members and several others to he 
°*dig i ted. All the trades are w ell org.in- 
t"''l lu re, Local I'niiui 508 is determined 
l " lead them all. 

Noki oi.k, Va. Local Union .» U is still 

maintaining its record and the members 

It leaving nothing undone to increase 

"tu-niiuitn.rs. \; L . W members are initiated 

a l llu regular meetings, and everything 
'"MtoMng bIojuj hnrmouiouslj . 



Sr. PaI'K, Minn. At the tegular 
meeting of i.ocal I'nion which was 

held at AsMemhh hall tWO werks ago, 
it was reported thai all hut one of the 
lu.ss contractors had signed the new scale, 
and that it waabOped that this lirni would 
sign the agreement in a few days. Ilusi- 
ness Agent J. II Morrison reported nine 
new applications, which were referred to 
the investigation committee. The rest of 
the meeting was devoted strictly to execu- 
tive business 



Cm vki.kstiiv. S. C. At a joint meet- 
ing of the carpenters' unions here it was 
decided to publish in the local press the 

names uf the contractors who employed 
union men, s<. that the people of Charles- 
ton who anticipate having any building 
done will know where to place their 
orders and produce g'""l results;. The 
carpenters spend their earnings in the 



ROCHKSTRR, X. Y.— The sign, " stand- 
ing room only," was displayed at the 
mu ting of Local I'nion Ti two weeks 
ago, A committee from Klectrical Work- 
ers, -*\ waited on the meeting and re- 
quested the members to withdraw their 
patronage from shops whose proprietors 
were offering resistance to the eight-hour 
day and also to notify the local if any 
inside wiremen appeared on jobs where 

carpenters were at work. Request 

granted and membera instructed accord- 
ingly. Business agent's report was re- 
ceived an<i showed that a number of 

Los ,es were wanting men. 



I.in tsvit.l.i . Ky. We are booming, 

the last meeting of i.ocal Union 103 was 
a rousing one, and there were seventy-two 
applicants in wailing to he initialed. The 
hall being tOO small to seat those present, 
the union was compelled to adjourn to 
the Odd Pillows' large hall, where the 
new recruits wire received. Secretary 
Chailes Diet/ announced that he had in 
hie possession seventy-five more applica- 
tions, which would he acted upon al the 
next regular meeting, when the Mainlin- 
ing Hoard would make its report upon 
them. The union is now *ixi strong and 
by l he first of June every practical car- 
penter in the city will belong to it. 
Never in the history of the carpenters 
brotherhood has there been such enthu- 
siasm displayed. 

Lnion No, 214 (Geimail) had a very 
large attendance al its loot regufau meet- 
ing. Plleveii applications for member- 
ship were received and the applicants 
obligated. Fifteen more applications 
were received and referred to the l>*xam- 
iuing Hoard, which will look into the 



Sax FRANCISCO, Cab— At the meeting 
of Local Union 22 on Friday- night of last 
week, eight new members were initiated 
and nine applications were received. 
Trade was reported fair. So far as the 
enforcement of the new trade rules was 
concerned everything was reported sat- 
isfactory. \ committee of five was 
appointed to solicit individual subscrip- 
tions for stock in the Labor Temple 
Association ; a large block of stock having 
already been subscribed for by the Union, 
the members are now anxious to secure 
individually a number of shares. 

Local I'nion No. tn4 held a meeting 
last Monday. The attendance was large 

and the members manifested great 

enthusi iam over the reports of the success 
of the new trade regulations. Outy flV-- 
members of this union are at present out 
of work. Two mem hers are on the sick 
list. Two foremen were admitted to 
membership. A donation of $10 was 
made to the Chicago Building Trades 
Council, to aid the men at present OS 
strike in that city, 

Local I'nion No. 4-vt at its last regular 
meeting donated |30 to tin- Chicago 
Building Trades Council An official 
circular was received fruin national In Mil- 
quarters denying a press dispatch lo the 

effect that General Secretary McGuire 
had requested the Chicago Building 
Trades to modify their demands, and in 

case of refusal to do s,,, threatening that 
the carpenters Would Withdraw from the 
Council. The union indorsed the resolu- 
tions recent!.', adop'ed by the LaboT 
Council protesting against Chinese and 
Japanese immigration. Light new mem- 
bers were admitted and ten applications 
received. 




THE CARPENTER. 



Trade Movements for [fetter 
Conditions. 



Sw Jnsi;, Cat. — Th« majoritj <>f the 
contractors and luiiklers hove agreed t<> 
our demands for an eight-hour day and ;t 
Wage scale of $3,00 per d iv. 

»»> 

ll« «s Tt is , Mass. Tin- union i-.iijii'iiiii > 

here who asked for eight hours and 5-'.-" 
per day, have had their demands acceded 
to by fWrty-ftve firms. 



Sciikn i:c r \nv. N V. The members 
of Union i pi have Secured ill their 
demands. We are now working nine 
hows per day and receiving $2,7n. The 
hoya are happy. 

N'KWi'iiRT Ni;\v\ V'a. !."> al t 'iiii >n 
3M© has secured the id tie-hour day and 
eight on Saturdays, from the contractors 
and bniMers of this city. We ihink this 
very gi ,hI fur a start. 

Nkw Ai.uwv, ind. Local Union 4.W 
lias made a demand for a 2$ cent increase 
in wages to take effect on June 1st. We 
hope to have all the carpenter* in the citj 
mi our list hy that time. • 
- ->» «-« 

Smith Omaha, Xeh.— Tin bos* car- 
penters here have signed an agreement 
Willi Local Union J7 i for eight lionrs pet 
day, M Cent* per hour ami half day on 
Saturdays from May 1st. 



Hast RL'THtfRFoRO, N. J. the de- 
mands of bocal I'liion 5tti include the 
eight-hour day. weekly pay, ant] ilouhle 
pay for overtime, To take effect on June 
1st. No trouble is anticipated. 



Nii.ks, Ohio, Local Union .^77 has 

made a demand for the nine-hour day at 
the Same rate of pay a> ten hours, to go 
into effect July 1st. No trouble is antici- 
pated. Our present scale is $2.33 per day. 



Voi'ItftSTOWJf, Ohio. We had im 
trouble here on Hie 1st inst. The majority 
of the boya got the advance from 10 cents 
to J5 eelils per day. They «W all satis- 
fied, and Local Union ]7] is steadily 
growing. 



l'iSHKii.r.-(iN-IIi jisoN, N. V. The car- 
penter* of this town were granted the 
nine- hour day on 1st inst. Local Union 
3J3 conducted the negotiation* to a suc- 
cessful conclusion, and the members arc 
all well pleased. 

- •>/•*.. 

I'i.ainmkui, n. j. tocal Union 155 

has siiccerieri in securing thr signatures 

of over a M-ore of bosses to the agreement 
containing the trade demand* of the 
organintion. The eightdtour day ban 
been fully established. 



San Rtutjcisco, Cal. Out rcporl Ei 
brief but right to the jH.iiit. The move- 
nieitt here for an increase in wages is a 

complete success. We are having no 

trouble, and our union* are all flourishing 
and busy filling up their ranks. 

Kingston, N. V. The eight-hour sys- 
tem is working all right and to the satis- 
faction of all concerned. Local Union 
251 is fully alive to the .situation and the 

members will leave nothing undone to 
strengthen the organisation, 



KINGSTON, Out. -The demands made 
by Local Union J4'» have been concedetl 
by nearly all the contractors here. These 
include the nine-hour day, a minimum 
rate of 20 cents per hour and lime am) 
half for overtime. Union men are all 
working 



lir.-si mi r. Ala. Tin contractor" 

J it Ided to our demands without all) llesi- 

tatiou on tin' m inat, jft-vrything w 
moving along sntomHlv now. When 
our unions have trouble elsewhere we 
wish them ever) pt^ibte swetf** iu then 
movements 

- -> - ««■< 

I.VNi II III Ki',, Y.i. Out new side Ol 
$2.35 per da) of nine horns went ml" 
effVct last niouth. Ne.ltlv e\e1\ eon 
tractor in tow n granted the deUI Olds With- 
out any trouble, anil signed an agrees 
meiit that preference would be given 
union men it all linn s. 

»ia < * ft 

IJt.oom inct. >\ . III An agreement 
favorable to l.ocul i r nion 1 1 ha* hcen 
signed by the contractors, here, it luchwfes 
the nine-hour da> cent* per hoiu . • inly 
union men to he recognized on job*, ail 1 
increased eomi*ntfUti»n for overtime. 
The membership i- increasing. 

-.-.»>*<-- 

Tacoma, W'tsk- W« (raw secured tin 
eight-hour day without any friction, ami 
have been working under the new con- 
ditions stnec March 1st, Ever) leading 
contractor in the city signed the agree- 
nu ni. Minimum wage rate is ~ >, and 
all over-time countefl a- time and half. 

>.!»> «-- 

KkhANKR, 1U. .l."C.d I'uitm l! • lii- 
niade excellent jwogress, The trade 
demands ttecame effective on April 9th, 
and a large majority of the l»os*eH n >dil\ 
concede*! imr terms. New applications 
are coming in .it a rate th.it i- highly satis- 
factory, 

- -»«— 

Nl W ARK. N. J. We have it'lei tnl a 

satisfacton settlement and tin moveuienl 
here has been most successful. The l>is- 
triei Council h nulled the matter iii au 

able and skillful uiauner, and the m«l 
stood solidly together, The local unions 
are all in a he iltln condition. 



Rkaiuxc, Pa, The Carjteuters' strike 

here has jaactically ended, W>t>\ of the 

builders and contractors trtviug »ignvil 

the new scale of Wagea, Tin- wale pru- 
vides f<ir $2.25 per day of nim htmrs, 
.17'.. centaau hour for over-time and W 
cents an hoar for Surulayc and holtdavs, 



cIkanii Junction, Colo. All laii one 
of the contractors here conceded the 
eight-hour day on April isi, |>ut |je has 
since capitulated, our minimum stami- 
ard is 25 cents, but moat of the nu n are 
Kcttiiin Jo cents, We are proud of tin 
success so ,.u achieved. I.m.il I'niou 244 

is flourishing, 



Trknton.N.J, The difficulty bet wei h 
I.oi al Ultton M and i In contract"! - has 
been Rathfactorily settleflatid the carpeii- 

ters are elated over their sin i ess. The 

demand* urchMled (he nine-hour dav, 
eight on Saiunia\s. H minimtttn rate ..i 
28 cents an hour and the employment <>t 

Hone hut union nu n. 




Staflkton, i.. i. All our demands 
wen- granted on the 10th inst These 
include Hie eight hour day five day* <-l 
the week, and four hours on Satunlay 

minimum rate of 4Q cents per hour and 

overtime paid at the rate of double tune. 

The members are in excellent spirits and 

are enthusiastic over thr luccesa of the 

movement, 

tiAZUtTON, l'a. More than three 
fourths of the carpenters of Hits city ;t re 
iiienihersofl.oi.il Union \W, They will 
meet this week to discuss the ut \\ wage 
scale ol $2,25 and the nine hour day, a 
demand for which was recently made on 

all local building contractors. The kutct 

have hut one week in which to consider 
the demands, 



Ci " Is \ We fhM c Ml. < H di d 

in gettittg in ,o 1\ all tin- i UlitOW t"i - lv M . 
in Niwpml rtnd m l.udhos to stglt in 

agiei nu nt with "ni lnstii.1 Council t" 

cents pi i li.piu until lane 1st, win n 

the\ will give us ilu i iglrl Ik«u d ^ nod 
ni i-euts pi i huttr. Si i«rly »tl ihi is 'in 

petelll WOrkiMl n .in nn l||l* t - "I tit! 
unions 

» > » »« «« 

\ i i . i s i v , i ,,{ The member* |,«w u 

Union !* ' made i ilt (« Old f«»l I'll' 1' 1 " 
Ititiull of the org, oil ittiotl, and -ill tftP 

contractor*, with one exception, h oe 

Uotilied the tHItt-mtfOII W"lkllltii tlwl 
unless tin \ joiin-d till u ni. .>i t le t KOtlkl 

h im in -mi Ki ',\ hei i . CunsoqiientJ} " 
is a i;towic.^ demand fot (vjidtvatioi) 
tditnks ind wt 1 1 > » i •« i" h ot t , ♦ i \ i ottt 



iwteiit e.ii pi nti i in 
mans da\s j. i- iw. \ 
.i,|i'\ .tl"Ug. 



r ranks 1 • fote 
Tin eiK«l W' i 1 . 



i .ki i sw u H, I'miii W> l*e iW»l 
im is; 1 1 in it iM .-Hi ' i ss m -e. uiing OUI 
demin ls. Tin '"'-si s h.i\. all -igni I .in 



agrei tin m t> 



atlhesittii - iii •<: wages re»"ei'ved |Wftn 
1" April 1st, and lh'-t fUDtltei lgr< i to 
hire nunc hut Uniutt in ll oil then w.ak. 



l k toe!)fo»n 



We •'■ '| t ied W»* '• f' ■ 
niii di in tuds 'ait ill " u im n (mm 
returned tii tlieii idd pdwt, Tin-* >«*ttii 
nu ni will it *i'l i" pi i v ts < tin ''. -i (»| 
mutual rtdatwuis in iwn n flu etnployeri 

Hid the men 



l "R i Wi ir rn Tj X 1 - A Mttsfai toi j 
agreenient has buetl signal b^ lift "'•' i >j • 
oi i. "i ii Uuion 1 itul m»rst oi thi i ■■" 
tractors iti tin i itj . It «ti|tuiati vth*( on 
dud after Jvun -tii^ln bom^ -In" um 
si n ute a «i»»y's work,, thai ?- |a*T daj 
sh ill he the minimum ratj nl « » v** is »*v< t 
time paid i"i ai rate id titm ami hah siul 

lh.it ill Work (Ml SlUnU} - mi hi .lid r - 1 . 
ji.iid !"i as double time. The t "titr.ii i"i s 
agree not to employ *U} union em 
jii-nti is. and thi HiwiiM'ss a.v nt will have 
access t" all w"tl und< t ■ im »ti «i t 



Km. Ill S . I K, N V'. \t 'h' Li t priUl 

meeting of Local t'ttions I • and . . tin 
Arbitration Committee, which had lieen 
in si ssit.u with tin KaCvutivi Committee 
"i the Coutrai tor*' Assn. i ititmilurtugthi 
tratisai (ion of the previoui Imsfitiat*, made 
their report. It ilmwed thai the c«»m 
tractors had signed the ngn i mi m as pre. 
seiiti-d bj the 1 "inmitti v and ratified b) 
the joint nessioH of the »everal locals, 
with u slight in<slifn ni.iii. Tie move- 
ment as siglle*! showed that the di m inds 
of the carpenters, as made |a*t January, 
hat) been gratttcd in full. These include 
(£.40 perdny of eight hours. K'pai was 
received and onh rc«l fileii. 



Hoi sTmn Texas. All tin trouble is 
over. I, oi .d Union 1 1 i nppointcd a < "in 
luittec of five with full [mwer to act In 

conference with St iroctwrs ami live 

architect* Afters fom hours' sessional! 
agreement waa reached to Is in force foi 

the year l'i. ci \\V have 1 a ell . . .tl. . . I. d 

the bmtrs and wages demanded, the tight 
to superintend work when ojrportuntly 
offers, and finally lite right to work fot 
anyone wh' emfdoys union labm mily, 
T lie settlement is a mosl favorable one. 

The Huilding Trades Assembl) and l.oe.d 

Union in have nnanimouslj ]>as ed a 
resolution thanking Brothers Grime* of 
Galveston, and fCditm l». i,s"u ■•! tin 
//•hi\/ii» Lahar ftmrititf, for ilnir \alu- 

ahlt assistance ^ivcll the Assembl) and 

Union during Hue late strike. 

— » — 

Onh Ituodr I and seventy-five union 

coi '1 mala is at Delioit, Mu ll , itfliek for 
all increase from |t.75 to per day. 



Tliirtj Now l nions Chartered h ur 
the 1*am Month, 

\ . "I nu Ti s . 
I t," Si»rfli \ 1 1 in ni . iml, 
■ I ' why ah K ^ 

• 1 ' MiatlMid. ( mi 
»l Plllshurg, Kan 

' t, I 1 1 n tt, \\ i h 
I Ikll nt. Ind. 

- ■ i i.tk iMrfc, til 

' I Ito'.i il ai Ulit.. 

' i , o. 111. I, Mas- \t," . 

t .i nvgivi i' i 

Sliliwatv] < >kl ihoiua, 

K« - \ \v 
, M ddl. town, \. 

Ki'W Visrk Ctl Ki V >' 
• . Piui Hlnty, \ik 
.Nile- i duo 
•. Wtliii n. l.in I ii 1 

• II. rl n. I!!. 
. ' i In Mi 

Wo.-' l.Coun 
Pori tlnom, Ui h 

•• . >> e I illle'." i Cal. 
• - . In il.'-'. .!Je V e 

- 1 c iMllicothi I dim 
• 1 i'a 's', Teitii 

»; I »• * s , t n [ 
i ssd' i.nrv. n c. 
Korg 1 ". 

17, lit* 5. . I i.rd Coll) 

1 in III Hour \ ktoe) . 

Vttofliet I tellers] 1 1 1\ t> > •* 1 1 
\» w "i »rk h is tetufervd ai • * 
lia i \u*iu\ 1 1' in t 1 1 i > \ thr it | 
tttmi "* I dan tt i* i 1 ■ M pi 
i "in; i ui \ ha i ' i * ii violattue ib 
)i m i ' im oi ! ii . '.ii'' .. I atiti tie -■ 

tv . <r .. ' n . ,' ':,■'■ .! i | . | . . | ■ 
dr. 'I'll-' i|i . !-). ai pi 1 . ' | 1 a'.' . I tr . 

' ■ ' lighl lpnnt*« fttrui' 

Ni-" Y .i i- . !•• i ml Othei i | 

im nts utidei thi- | rio t^i I •' 

|u«ui 1 1 .t 

Th* m i iit i '; d ' . f Cotnp i j i. 
ti i. t with the 5*1 lit* in tw tiish ! . 
th'- puldii 'inililintji in that viv 
the |««*Ui»u that th l.d.i.i I is 
ij.| !i. dde t" ibi • ontrai ■ 

'1'hr \ttoi in \ i o n. ral I" 1 ' Is ill ' 
COIUfi Ml) s. unit n t with th. S1 II 

jeCl Ml the pinv l-l'ills ||| ih. . 

la w , 

— 

Another Injunvtloii. 

|mige Tirthill, of Chicago lis 

an inpnti l urn testt dning the Hi 
t ount i i.tntiii M.iu.'i- from ii 
i mil in l> a . tails, -tat in/ th it i il 
Ubol sh dl rlllpliived 111 . ill 

ihc wiiii. w lii ii 1 1 is it, bi paid i 
pultln fumfs, 

'i h.- injutti 1 1. .n w a ■ -in l i. .i 
Couti i U»r»' Coutu d "i Cbti 
members ■ it which i l oin the? 

\. -Tiled by III it it lllse frOOl I'll 
plddll w.'tk the v ..nu. ll reftl il 

pi"^ i niou 1 1 1 1 a Aii appeal 
tak ii. 



i In 

ihs 

' nu 
' in 
. in 



Cbicano Company Concedes demand*. 

> MM. i ds ni ih,. !4orthwe»u i n i ite«l 
K. iiho.nl C«Miipauy, Chicago, havi 1 ' 
s.-i urn . liiovt to tin Iruildiug eimti 1 1 1 

council a|tll made a i oiic.-ssi.in ■'' ' 
impoi Ian. e to unloll lobor. 

I'reshtenl l.ol.derha. k I ist 1 

nonm i d thai thr 1 ' I iit 1 11 

who went on a stnke would I ' " 

bach to work ai unci itndvi sn '> ,; ' "" 

■ oni eding eu i \ potul I" Ih.' Hi' ' 1 

Among tahin orgaiu/.n ioiis i Iii 1 rt«*J 
is iigarded as |iresa|{iug ih. ultnM*" 

defeat of the contractors all along *** 
inn ind an earl) termination <•< tin 
war prevailing in Chicago. 



■Hi 



THE CARPENTER. 



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<i|s Mt- Marti i— In . . 

— • — 

Plates where Work is Dull. 



Owiitu in local tnttie movements, m#- 
penuoit of tmiliiiug opemtlomi nnd other 
caiisfs. carpent'eTS nn<! joinm ;ire re- 
quested tofttay sway from the following 
places i 

Birmingham, Ala.; Colorado Si.rinKs, 
Col.; Cripple Creek, 0>l.; Denver, Col.; 
Victor, Col.; Rioomiiigton, 111., Drntou, 
in.; Lincoln, in.; a', iw. Mich,; Minn* 
i.i]inlis. Minn.; K.<ns.is City, M«>.; St. 
i.niiis, Mn., Butte, Mont.; Helena, Mont.; 
i inuhMi Keh.: Sew i Knnge, S.J. ; Huf- 
ftUo, N. Y.; < Iklahomu Cit) , I »■ Li Sit;iii- 
ti.ii, Taylor, SSeattk, Waah. ; 
Cleburn. Te*.; Uo» A«jjel«*. Cal.; Aahe- 
vilk', N c.; C«Ui Rapiila, Is,; Charle** 
imi, s. c.; w i ikes Barrc, Pa.; Savsnalt, 
(i.i.; ConHcann, Tea.; Puehlo, Col,; lola, 
Kan.; lluladelphia, Ph.; Chicago, in.; 
MolHle. Ala.; s.»u IrtheCUy, L'tah-; Lima, 
o.; Austin, Te«.j iii*- l?pp« P*nin«ul< 
uf Michigau. ; Bingham pton, n.y.j n«. w- 
tott, Mass.; Lawrence, Man*.; Jojilin, Mo,; 
Columhtu, Oa.; Quincy, Itt.; Kenoahat 
Win.; Southern California. ; Trenton, N- J-; 
Milwaukee, Wia; Long Branch, n. J. ; 
Clereland, O.; Dalku, Texan.; Batton, 
Pa.; Macoo, Oa.j Marion, Intl.; Bridge- 
port, Conn,; Atlantic Cin, N- J.; R«i 
l'iirtiiK»\Ont. ; I'lnri'iM'. Coin- : Hartford 
City. Imi.: SprtngfieM, M*aa,J Missoula, 
Motit.; Mnooln, Ni ' 1 i Sanjeae, Cit 

■ ♦ • 

TitHUX tlimwital WonemawMi lirick- 
tayen* nn<i ttniiecutter* In Weatcheater 
County, N V . have rtruck tor an dj{lii- 
houi day ami 44 centHM l""" - ' 



Tut«l 



. ■ ■ » 



2 



THE CARPENTER. 



Trade Movements for Hotter 
Conditions. 



S\s 1« «sj: . Cab—* The majority of the 
contractor*! ami builders have agreed to 
• ■iir demand* for an eight-hour day and n 
wage Male of fXOO pet day. 

IIdsimn, Mass. The union carpenter;) 
here who asked for eight hour* and 5- , -- c "' 
per day, have had their demands acceded 

to 1>> fort \ -live linn-. 

Schkxkctai»v, N v. The members 

of I'nion 146 have secured .ill their 
demand*. We are now working nine 
hour* jut da) and receiving **.'.ro. The 
hoya are happy. 

- >>>►> *«- . ^ - 

Nkwi-ort NKWS, Local I nil. n 

3«MS ha- secured the nine-hour day and 
eight on Saturdays, from the contractor* 
and builder* of thi* city* , We think this 
■ ery good fur a start, 



Kkw Albany, Itid. Local Union 438 
Ins made a demand for a 2$ cent increase 
in wage* to take effect on June I >t . We 
hope to haw all the carpenters in the cKy 
mi our list by that times • 
■ mi ** m 

South Omaha. Neh.— -The i>o-s car- 
penter* here have signed an agreement 

with Local Union -'~ I for eight hours jut 
<lay, .15 cents per hour and half day on 
Saturday* from May 1st. 



Easy Ri thi ri mki>, n. j. The dc« 
nianils of Local Union 510 Include the 
eight-hoot 'lay, weekly pay, ami double 
pay for overtime. To take effect on June 
1st. No trouble i- anticipated. 



Nn.Ks, Ohio. Local I'nion 577 1ms 

made a demand for the nine-hour day at 
the same rate of pay a-, ten hours, to 
inio effectjoly 1st. No trouble is antici- 
pated. Our present scale is $2.25 per day. 



YitrNi'.STowN, Ohio. We had no 
trouble here oti the l-t inst. Tin majority 
of i ho hoys >;oi the advance from 10 cent* 

to 29 Cent* per day. They art- all satis- 
fied, and I.i.eal Tni n 171 is steadily 

growing. 



FisiiKii.r.-os'-lli j ison', x. v. The car- 
penter* of this town were granted the 
nine-hour day on 1st inst. Local Union 
3.'3 conducted the negotiation* to a sue- 
ceaaful conclusion, and the member* are 
all well ph ased. 

l'l.il.vi 'i t.i,, X, j. J,,,,-,,] ( iiion 133 

has su ; in securing the signature* 
of over. i .on- of boMea to the agreement 
containing tin- trade demand* of the 
organisation, The cight-linnr day baa 
he, ii fully established. 



San I-'mwcisvii, Cal. our report is 
brief hut right to the point, The move- 
ment here for an increaae in wage* is a 
complete succeaa, We are baring no 

iroulile, and our unions are all flourishing 
ami busy Riling up I heir ranks. 



Kincsiun, N. V. The IMght-hour sys- 
tem is working all right and to the satis- 
faction of all concerned. Local Union 
2SI i* fully alive to the situation and the 

member* will leave nothing undone to 

Strengthen tin.- organization. 

- * »» «« 

Kingston, (Int. The demands made 

hy Local Union 24V have heen conceded 
by nearly all the contractor* here. These 
include the nine-hour day, a minimum 
rale of 20 cents per hour ami lime and 
tialf for overtime. I'liiou men are all 
working. 



Iti:s-iMin, Ala. Tin- contractor* 
yielded to our demand- without any hesi- 
tation mi the ni inst, Everything t* 
Utoviug alone, sniouihlv now, Where 

our union- have trullhle cl-euhiie we 

wish theui every possible success in their 
movements. 



|«VN< miii Kr,, \ i Our lie* lie ol 

f2,25 per day of nine hours wcnl bib* 
effect last month. Nearly ever) tiofl 
tractor in dm u grunted iticdem md* with 
out any trouble, ami signed nn agree* 
ment that preference would he given 
union men at all times. 

lh.t)iiMi\i.Ti>\. 111. An agreement 
favorable to Local Union 1 ! ha* heen 
signed bj the contractors hcta It includes 
the nlne-lmut day , 2f cent* per hour, mily 
union men to he recognised on join, and 
increase*! compensation for overtime. 
The membership i* increasing- 



Tacoma, Wash. W< b*vu seenred the 
eight-hour da) without Any friction, and 
have been working under the hen com 
ditiou- since March '-t. Rver) letting 
contractor in the city signed tlie agree* 
ment, Minimum wage rate in f : ■ <. ,md 

all over-lime i oiinted a- time ami half. 
«- - 

Ki.'a \sv.k, 111. .I.'m.iI I hi. ii i , h.i- 
made excellent progress. Tlie trade 
demand* hecatne effective on April ''th. 
and a large majority of the bosses r> idily 

Concede*) our term-. Xew .ipplicalnui- 

are coming iii at a r.iteihat khighl) satis- 
factory. 

- # - «— 

N i . w ark. X. J. We h.i\e effected a 
s.iti-faetor\ settlement and th< movvmetil 
hen- has beta nto»t successful, The lii-- 
triei Cotincil liindled the matter in atl 

aide ami *>kU1ftt1 manner, ami the an a 
sUMit solidly together. The local unions: 
an- all in a health \ condition. 



R i a ) . i \ i . . r.t. Th<- Carpenter*.' strike 
here has practically ended, m<>-t of the 
builder* and contractor* having signed 
tlte new scale nl wages. Tlie scale pro- 
vide- for 5 i , j S per day of mm hours, 
37 'j cents an limn for oVer-timeand *J 
eents an hmir for Sunday* and holtilay*. 

Or vKD Ji xaiux. Colo. All bo) one 
of the contractor* hen- conceded the 
eight-hour day on April l«s t but he I tan 
since capitulated, our minimum stand* 

ard is 25 eents, hut most of Hi.- nu n arc 
KettillK 3(1 eents. We are pr.nid of (he 
sueeess BO lar aeliicv. d I.i.eal Union 744 
is flourishing. 

-J»**M«K 

Trknton, M.f. The difficulty between 
I. oeal Union *i and the contractor-. lut* 
heen satitisctorily settled ami tin crariien* 

ters lire elated r>W Iheii -ueei -s. The 
demand- iueluded the nine hour day, 

eight on Saturdays, a minimum rate ol 

2h Cent* an hour and the employment . * t 
none hut union men. 



STAI'l.lvToN, ],. I. All our demand- 
Mere granted on the lOth inat These 
iueludi the eigbt-hotit day five days of 
the week, ami four hours on Saturday 

minimum rate of K) cent* per hour ami 

overtime paid at the rate of double inn. . 

The member* are in excellent spirit-, .md 

are enthusiastic over the sueees-, pj the 
movement. 

*r*> -*<-.« 

Ha/I.I'.Ton, I'.l Uore than three 
fourths of the carpenter* of this city are 

members of Local Union i..">. They win 

meet this week to discuss the new W a«e 
scale of f'.J- ami the nine-hour day, a 
demand for which was recently made on 
all local Imihting contractors. Th.- latl.-i 
have hut One week in winch to consul, i 
the demands. 



L\,\ im.i.is, Kj We ha\e -in.nd.d 

in -getting w*!! v ail Uu ivntiaot-w^lwrv. 
in Newport ami iu Lfldtaw W »Sg« 111 
agreement with um I'l-mo Council to 

pay . " cent- |» i hn in until lam I St, Will H 

Mtey kW i:iv us th, , (girt ho>« At) 11 1 

in i'elll- pel bOttr. Nl a'')' »11 lh. I "Ul- 

petent workmen in mi mt*i m| ,! " 

111114 Hl- 

itw tttn 

,\i ivi-Af i ia I'hi ui, iii'.i a- >■! I.i" si 
t v uinti - : made a <\< m iml b« tin n v*>n 

nitj i ih, argaui- itioiij ami ,11 the 

cull; let..!-, With 'Hie eaeejithin, H«t.ve 
nutii'icl the mill union «.>ikn'>'> that 
nnlc— i lu \ joined the Union tb«-*% Wtainl 



Thirty Xe» Union* Chartt red | )ur 

the I *;i a t Month. * 



have ti»uoelM*« here, t. > nisenni 



Lis .I.' i 1 



i- .i growing itetnatl I f«M «l>J»h< <' ! o" 
Mink- .md \se 1 p.p. in Irate ' ' r) i »m 
p, tent i in pi nt.i i mi our tank* i" 11 ' 
limits day* pi— a«.i\ Tin : 1 *or« 

lit H - -t, adl' S ii,., i'.'. 

i Vft ] KNWd 'i. Conn Wi Imvi ItsJ 
most rewarknbl *,sucr ess m m uringimi 

dem Hid-. TIl> I ni--es ll i\ > a 1 1 Ugilt I Ul 

ugreenn in to gh • u*i , iglii h rim - pei d \\ 
at the -.inn i iti oi u tgi - tin i ivi .1 prbii 
t" A]. i i 1 -'. and tit' 1 fuitlHM tjl I • ■ Ui 
hue ioHie ' "it uut-iu in "■ ofi Uietl w • n k . 

We -|. ■]-)-' d ll"li. fwl i«lll ' k t«V« llttiri • 

oiii .1 itfatubi ' an dl OW ,u ' 11 h 
retoriual In Ihvh old The - ' : '■ 

no ni will ti nil to pi i - eve the \n -i "i 
unit n il ii 1 ii i"M - helwevii thi i m j ]•>•.■ i * 
and the tin n 



I'iir i W< 'i< i n. f< v, - \ *rtt*|iittor< 
ngri i HH-'HI h ,eJ ''< • " »ig|n d ' tlw ogi .-i - 

ot Loi a! Union ■ ii •! mo-; .a tin , , if) 
ti a, toi - In in, . n , . It >4l| |(1 iti *thm OH 
sn>1 attei IlIMl -t i ;^h' I ■' .i ■ -h ill ■ "ti 
-tit ni c a iiay *a work, tltai j. per ilaj 
-h ill la the minimum t .t> .■: ,\ j- . . - . i 
time ]-atd tot -il ! it. .a nn i. snd h,.: mil 
that ali «',i k on guild I) - '■, huljf] V ' 1 

paid for a» double time. Tin emittactor* 

flgTCi not to empto;. »ny ) tit iliitiil! ..it 

penters, and tlit Huwim***. Aiji in will ii ive 
access in all work under cotistrii tuai. 



Urn ill S I i K. X '. \1 tin I i-l joint 

meeting of Local Union* ' 1 md .. tin 
Arhitration Committee, which had ' < • n 
in session with tin Kvccutivi Committee 
of the Conir.u tor-' A<u*oci*tioli dm illgthe 
trail -a. lion of the pies iou-t huwtUCM, made 

theii report, it »howeil thai tin inn 
tractors had signed the ngn - mi tit .,- pre- 
sented b) the . ..minitti , and ratified by 
the joint -es-iou ot the -e\et.il locaU, 
with diglil niodni. itimi. Th. nerve 
mi nt a- signed slmwcl th ,t the d, inami* 
of the cart* nt. i as ui. eh la-t January, 
had hn u Krauti il in full. Tin se im ltid< 
i 1 perday of eight hours. ker*a?l u,. 
received and ord< ml uled. 



I to i -ton. Ti nas \11 th, (rouble i- 

over. I.',' il I I 1 1 I appoitili-d -i , tan* 

Illittee <>f ftVB Willi full |KlWel to i.r m 

i unfereiice with five i outract as .md in, 
architect* Aftei afoui hours w-Hsioiiun 
agrecmeul wa* reached to I* m force ft«j 
the year l^n We have l^een coneeiied 
the hour* and wages demanded, the right 
in superintend work when opportunity 

offers, and filially tin right to woik loi 
any one wlto employ* union lalan iinly, 
The settletnenl i-. * tnusl favorable one. 
The Building Trade* Asuendilj ami Iakh] 
Union 114 hav, unanimous!) iiaswl u 
resolution thanking Ifrotlnis (irinie* of 
Galveston, and fvlitut V. I>. Lyon of the 
fftHttion I <i>nii foiirwtf/, lor tin ir \iihi- 
able assist. ni. e given the As^emtdy and 
i'nion during Itie late -hike. 

o.ni. hnmlrcd and seventy h\, union 
cordmaker* al Detroit, Mich., tm, k foi 

an men as, lioin f I ., J to f.'..' pel da\ . 



\ o i] .1(111 . 'J',- \ , 

Sn 1 1 1 1 Vernon, ln»|, 
I nl in ih K \ 
Mt it i. ad, < int. 
I'HtMutrg, K an 
l yen tt, \\ ,-h 
I lltti irt, hut, 

I Ml. P.li in 

1: M ' i it .a. i Hn,. 
• Minim i . Mass. Mill 
i iriie^ie, l'a. 
Sittlwatci . ' >kl ilioin , 

Km \ V. 
M ddh 'own. N V. 
Sim Vofl. Ch . s. ^ 
1'ini gblff, \ik. 
Nil, i thin 

Wtim Hgo»u l . 
ll, itio, 111. 
itilhi 111 
Wm-ti -!, I'otin 

h*t1 It T-.M. Mi |(. 

s> i, ■ luieui ■ i i ,il 
i .' i'i -\ilh p. i. 

k'hilltl ■ -la i 'hi, , 
Iti -■ 1 Ti mi 

I » *S t T S I 

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(dm I i | 

Km k •- r'ifd i ■ - o 



liighl Hour \ ktnry . 

ii* -iu - 1 1,'in i .il fiavfc ol lb •• i 
New Vork hi- tendered ai. i 
•h •<•• imrt f«t»* •! th.- In j 

it:, -u ,.t LanOl that til* Mj 1 
I "t:i p m \ hi! ' i et: vnuaott); ' 
ll- air law .itl>! It - ■ on I ' at t Willi tlu - ■> 1 

iot 5 ti .. \\ iiii'ii suin iIl.ii i |ii ... 

il y Tie ■!• - i-n .11 i*art<i ' i . - ■• 
1 1. in, hjf hi p in - fam 
s, . \ ■ .» k lit) md • "iu i it • irt 
mi iti - itmltti the ; roi h* in id ti 

(Killl ' . s 

I 11 M till I|l ll i !** I omjl 11 ' till' 

tt ,. t »nii the State to ; iTin-i, in Ew 

111" puhlii huildin .'- in t h it Ml Dm) 
tin |MS01U*tl that the I.,'..,; I i« 
,; ; '.i. i' it* to (hi - "iitra, t 
Tin- fcttOTfti 1 ieii. ml Ii"' 

ccanp iti) - ' Htm ict with tin Hi'i 

;ei t to tin- pr«>\ inion* ot th. . : 
law. 

Another Injunction. 



[mlge Tuthil] ot elm ago, few 
in Injun, t ion n-str lining (he 
Cuum - i otnnii- -loin i - from 

i otltt l. Mi, 1,11 »1 lllllK* ill 1 1 •■ 

labia -h ill i.i einptoyi d In 1 " ' 
t In- win; w lieu it id fo be pud 
pit hi ii fnrais. 

The inj, iii, iii ui u a - -in d hn 
ContT* lots Coum d .a c !. 
mi mber* "i win. h i laira thi 
M iited ).\ dun clause from ' 
pnbtti woik-, tin- L'oum il tei'i 
jdoy i nioii 1 dun An appi 
Ink it, 



ti 



, i in 

11 I"' 



Chicajjo Company Concedes ih n uuK 

• ui,, i il- ,.i th,- Northwest! ru Id' «*--*- 
k.nhoad Company , ChU ai-,.. Ii i >h ,l1 ■ 
serious blow to tlie huilduijj ■ ' 

council and made a cuiices-ioli f>l s"'' 1 

imfiortance to union lalmr, 

I'h sidi ni Umdertsii h M h- *• ;1 " 
noiinced that the l*> 1 union ' <*""' [ 

who went on a -Hike w.mi 1 " ril '" 
ha, k to H/ork al on, , audei Mil ' ' 
i one, din;; cwi \ polul Ul ill' 11 ' 

Auioiiji lahor organisation!! M.tun 

is i, -aided ;'s pic-a^in^ th, llltiHW^* 
, Ideal ol the , ollll.l, loi «ll ' 

inn ami an earl) lerniitwti 1 t'" 1 ' 1 '"" 

w ii prevailing in Chicago. 



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Sir wu.tkk hbmant, in tin- London 
Daily < krvHi^tt, approved the proposed 
\MnUiiijj.»ie , i'~' OOBVeittiotl of Uu.' KiiK'i- 11 " 

»p«ikii<ij pcopio* im I'ebroary 22, 

for ;i iitiu-r undcrxUndiuii of common 

ulijii't-. He -..ml: " DclKgateit will jj.m 
tii tlii' United Sliili-s furlliwith tu invite 
I lie working men (leiegaUn tliene to eomti 
ii ?- Iiu - n"esls of KngHtb workers." 



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Wiltiani (flint)* i 

Mr- Mniin Howell l.iii'l"" I 

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William str.nl.-r I ll 

Henry wltliaws 

Adolph Cnrl-.n l-i 

Ilniii Mi ;-.,n 1-1 

William llrrry 1-7 

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Mt- Mnry Kri-aiiiir ... |jfl 

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mi- Marie Battg .... 7-J,t 



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is.nao uu 

Places whiire Work is Dull. 



Owing l" loi al ti. i'lf ill' ivcliu nls. sns- 

p»tuiion of bntWing operationu and otbe* 
causes, cirjienttrs and joiners ;ire rt-- 
qiiestt-il to stay aw.iy from the following 
places : 

Birmingham, Ala.; Colorado Spring, 
Col.; Cripple Cre«k, Col.; Denver, Col.; 

Victor, Col.; tUoomingtfltt, HI.. Canton, 
111.; Lincoln, 111.; Alpena. Midi,; Minn- 
eapoliit, Minn.; K.msiis City, Mo.; St. 
I...U1-, Mo.; Butte, Mont.; Helena, Mont.; 
(kintal, Neb.; New Orange, N.J.; But* 
falo, N. v.; Oklaboma City , o. T.j Scran- 
ton. Pa.; Taylor, l'a.; Sc.iiiif, Wash.; 

Clelmrn, Tex.; Ifi* tingelea, Cal.; A-lic- 
villc, N. C; Cellar Rajii.ls, la.; Cliarle-- 
ton, S. Cm Wilkes Hiirre, Pa.; Savutiah, 
('.a ; Corsicaua, Tex. - , Ptteblo, Col.; tola, 

Kaa.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Chicago, 111.; 

M.il.ile, Ala.; Salt J.akeCity, I'tall.; Lima, 
().; Austin. Tex.; the Upper IVtiiti-iil.i 

of Michigan.; Blnghampton, N-V-i Nl«w- 

ton, Mas-.; Lawrence. Ma— , ; JopHU, Mo. ; 
Colunilius, Ga.; uuiuc\, 111.; Kenu-ha, 
Wis.;Soulliern CalifOl nia.; Trenton. N. J.; 

Milwaukee, Wis.; Long Branch, N.J. ; 
Cleveland, O.; Dallas, Tex.^.; Bottom, 
l'a.; Macon, C.a.; Marion, Inil.; Bruise- 
port. Conn.; Atlanti City, N. J.; Rat 
Port..ge, Out. ; Florence, Cote. ; Hartfonl 
City. Inil.; Springfield, Mass.; MissouU, 

Mont.; I. in. .an. Neb. ; Saw Jose. Cal. 

Timtta thouaand stone maaooa, brick- 
layers an. I stmiecutters ill We*tchesUT 
County. N. V.. bare atruck for an eiylit- 

houi day and ** oeala m hour. 



. .IW.IU 70 



THE CARPENTER, 



The Carpenter. 



PHILADELPHIA, WAY. 1900. 



Wage Earners, Beware ! 



A WOrH at this t:m.> to OUjf fcllow- 

unionists is not only appropriate but 
necessary. During the past two yen-, 
.itid particularly, within the past eight 
months, the trade union movement ins 
experienced A growth unprecedented in 
tin- history of tin. movement mi this eon- 
tiiu'iit. Imi'ih the nifittni of nil nur 
affiliated organix itlou*, .mil from our 
organizers a- well a- from other quarters 
come the gratifying rej*»rts of not ontj .1 
great Influx "1 mcruhera int< > the union*, 
btit the formation of an exceedingly large 
number of new union-. Thw great growth 
is of a most advantageous cliuracter, and 
if intelligently directed, fostered and en* 
couraged, the trade anion movement will 
receive an extension ami momentum thai 
will carry it lo the higlie*) pinnacle of 
success, it will ii"t otih protect, but 
promote the interest* ,,f .ill the wage- 
earners, aecttrt for litem higher wages, 
fewer hours of daily toil, more regular 
work, better conditions of employment, 
ami will tend to abolish injustice and lite 
arbitrary rules which now bear so hart] 
upc.n the toiler)*. The movement will 
secure for all tin- workers ii higher Koei.il 
life, will brighten 'air homes and suffuse 
the cheek- of <>ur little Ultra with the 
nidi. nice of .1 brighter fiinin . 

With thi- DIUrvclont* gnrWth ,,f the 
trade union movement, 4 few tieraon* 
here and then, have endeavored to t'.ii-i 
Ihetmwlees upon our OTgauizMions: ami, 
without Mittg harsher term, the purpose 
sought by them is not calculated t, pro-' 
mote the welfare of the cause for which 
the organized labor movement stand*. 
Self-seekers, political hucksters, ami 
tinancial ch.1rl.1i.111-. each h i- sought to 
fasten his fan-- upon some organization, 
and particularly upon those newly formed. 

The men in these newly formed union-, 

lackinK experience, are sometimes (pilled 
into die belief that blatant sophistry and 
professions 1, f sympathy stand for honest f, 
sincerity and m-opi ration, 

We have on previous occasion* called 
attention t<> the fad that the trade union-, 
and the federal labor union* under the 
banner of the American federation of 
l bailor, are composed exclusively of 
I wage worker-, men who work for 
wa^es; and the e.Nclusiou of olher- ijotf 

pot neceoaarily reflect upmi them, ti pro> 

fessions of sympathy 011 the part of sotiie 
whoare not wage workers, an- at ; ,|] s j„. 
cere, they can render I he movement much 
more assistance, and be of far greater ser- 
vice to our cause, by aiding and encour- 
aging the organization- and the work on 
the outside than by attempting to become 
members, ami in the circles of the meet- 
nig endeavor to control the counsels, 
decisions and actio..,- of the union* We 
court the sympathetic aid of all, but we 
resent the attempt on the pari of any one 
not a wage worker to try to formulate the 
policy of tile trade union movement. 

"The emancipation of the workingmeti 
must be achieved by the workiogmofl 
themselves" is an adage king ago recog- 
nized by the trade union movement ; and 
if there are friends of our cause who are 
ineligible to membership iu the trade 
unions and federal labor unions thev will 
best demonstrate their sympathy by re- 
straining their zeal to become members, 



and -t ckiii^ In their sii] 'post ,1 " superior 

intelligence to fasten themselves upon 
the wage workers' movement. 

It may be true thai sonic orgam/at loon 
at some time maj fall Into ercm i but [l i- 
''etti t that we may err and learn exjwrb 
puce to avoid errors in the future than to 
have men whose intereat* are not identi- 
cal with those of the Wage worker* direct 
the affairs of any of out labor urgauua- 
tiorta or of out general movement. The 
b sson thn- far learned i- that those other 
than wage workcra who seek membership 
in any of our organization- are cither 
e.itrn Up with then own vanity or are 
self- seekers; and in cither case it is de- 
structive of the best interests of the 
workers. That from the COUU*el «f main 
comes wisdom, ha- long Wen recognised; 
ami this wisdom IS much mote !.n teach 

iug iii it- influence for good than the 
supposed "superior'' intelligent! of 
either the professorial, the business men, 
the theorists, the self-seekers or the cimp 
fi 'Hi >wcrs. 

In the interests of our fellow workers 
ami for the safety of our movement, for 
which so many struggles have been made 
ami sacrifices borne, we urge upon our 

fellow unionist- everywhere to be on 
guard; ami. while end* tvoring taorguoi/e 
every wage earner into the union of his 
trade >'i calling, yet to be careful that 
none others th m those whose claim to he 
considered "wage workers" udl beat 
the strictest Investigation are admitted 

into iiieintier-hip 111 the union-,. UV 
want to go a- fast as safety will permit; 
hut it is better to go jn-t a litt!> tUOte 

-lo« ly than by going fast to overrun tin 

mark and thus defeat the very purposeful 

which we are organized. -siiWrkttH Ft ■'- 
er.itiont I. 



Eight Hours. 



Bight hours for work, eight hour- for 
recreation and eight hours for sleep. That 
is the way we should ail divide tin- day* 
ami aid others tothc sum- happy 'li-iribu- 
tion of time, 

Kvcry human being in- the right to 
enjoy the pleasures ami benefits of this 

beautiful earth. For the InunMe-t and 
least instructed minds then an- tin- glories 
Of sunlight ami fresh air, ami the joys of 
social intercourse with their own kind ; 
ami there are opportunities of mental 

gfoWth to be had everywhere for those 
who find the time 1 1 look for it. 

B*tt what chance for growth, or pleas- 
ure, or happiiic-s, is there ill life for those 

who labor en, twelve or fourteen hours 

out of the twenty-four ? 

All honor to Mrs. Maine for making a 
move in the direction of a more humane 
civilization. That thi- move will lead to 
much inconvenience ami temporal v dis- 
comfort for a larg* das- of people i- of 
small consequence when we consider the 
greater benefit* to humanity in general, 

There will be universal benefit to labor. 
Tile Wealthy classes will only hi- affe, tc-l 
where they can bent afford it in their 
purses. The new System will (Imply 

Necessitate new relays of domestics, 

It is time we all faced that problem, 
Its solution will result in simpler habits 
of life ami in CO» Operative methods of 
labor. It will lead to more Unselfish con- 
ditions ami will force idleness toward in- 
dustry; for when we iind no one whocan 
be hired to work all the time inorderthat 
we may play all the time, all of ns will 
find it practicable to work some of the 

time. 

More Isrxq foj ikeaetfWi few, 
Mors leisure rot Uir lolling tnnsji — 
Tin si- tiiitiKs shall surety hum la jxi-s 

As oM COUditkMI 1 liiiiiK,- ItJ lit- is , 

It will not be surprising if the new labor 
rules cause many of the people Whom they 

are designed to benefit to beet - tyra- 

tiical and overbearing for a time. The re- 
action of freed 111 after oppression is 



randy Kgrt 1 tide In its tiist resadts. 11 
retiulres time 1- well as hi edotM l« make 
a reasouing being out of a ierl The 
colored slave imagiucil it first that the 
Ktvat pfocl ttn.itioii of lu« vmawcijiattoti 
me. nit that he tdmuld rtitc the white man 
a- liis chattel Aim in ,11 m a \tvv\ "t I hc-e 

frvedtueu haw bci n 1 itcmintvrci! 1 

tlu- -In its , r.j in- ■• Tin tinn hi Come 
when the while man linns mil f.n the 
black man." 

but tin -e Un)lh I Hit ph Ises ol in w 
found freedom [stsxed ami betlet Condi- 
tions followed. People who have had 
little or nothing to oe gr.lU lal for do not 
le 11 11 the s, nt 1 nit nt ol gratitude in a mo 
incut. Mo*l "t 11- an- lUgnintlv ungrate' 
fnl to i ,o,| t"t ill hi- favors, and yet we 

won, lei that lire lalnirttlg 1 I i-se- ale not 
more grutvfttl to lh,,-e a HO allow them to 
wmk twelve inrttr* out of emh twenty< 
four for has) and raiment, i',i\e these 
[atopic something to be gmteful Un . ud 
they will 1c un the virtue 01 gratitu le hi 

time. -/ ltd II ktfl, t , It ■ 1 . 



To blt'iH up 1 In ti.nli . ai].. 1 
ntgaiii .1 ildjstl hi a]ipt, in 



mikl 
1 1 iii 



I he Carpenter. 

Among craftsmen, 1 up, nt , 1 - rviputt 1 
more tool- and >- mm h »fcd1 ,rtid pti ,mi >- 

thai f«NT their w*ak A« aiij <ii tin tr.uicn 
a rule cai .t biHldttig tlu • tria;;:?-."govs 
aln Ml, 1 i \ - "i t till tonud iln 'ti . < -t J 'li^ln - 
tin levels, pl.ills tin W'*ik iiii'l 1 1' — down 
to, lines f,n tin othei ii iM-nn u 1% wt'll 
.ishi-ouu. A ,ai| tiit, 1 mii-i by .It iw 
in^s 1„ .,1,1, in ,lt ,ii ,m<1 1 IM tin pti 1 ' - 

ttnd parts of (hi framing, roof*. tru»"*«s, 
arvhe*, etc; musi ItnoVi how to pvvcutv 

'.hi -1, t ub ,'i 1 .•run 1, ' up., 1. 1. towei ami 

veranda. »u* tin outsnti finisfi mil .11 the 
di In tti work ..n -tin- rehev, > ! , ■ • v , ^ . 
mam, I-. ,|n,,is M(n<N. wiuih*W M , « , •■) 
inddi fiuWi lb nnifl not .mi know 
how 1.. build he nglh nul din kldlil . 
I. nt inu-t regard la' injy nul uti-ti. . ffret; 
Thi- pert mil t. |uir<s t high iml railta 
bte degrei ,.i pnuicivtio ,ut>l -kill in hi- 
calling, 

With ail tin ii -poiisil.ihi . forthefiuei 
paTts ■ .f hi- work, tin i open: i r d... - i no: , 

climbing, lifting uni hanl wik ifuni uuj 

other of tin- bttildi i-. Inn n • mvi - 1. - 
pay, Carpentet wik in. much risk 
ot accidi nt. ex)Ki*ttrv l« In oi l . old, i» 

sllbj, , l to lo..- of ,,,, ,,, , ,,,,,,, ,,, 1, ,,| 

weather a- m n h a- otjn i u.,,1, - M hii h 
receive twin a- mm h pa, . \- rule 
carpenters an ■< *obet, imi tstriou*. .1, 

serving people. 'I'lli \ build HmUWS lot 

oilier-, but an nearly, all liotni less, 
Carjieuters build up and . nil ,,„ ,. ,i„. 

valllalion of po.perty by tmllioiis ,,| ,\,,]. 

■ ir -- but h.H' I,,, [torn i - ti,. provisions 

ah, .ul tun s, ami) a itoflftif III llioitev . 

Tbeh wages are '-nb. suffii ii iu to k, ■ p 
working shoi'S on his feel ami a,., at on 

hi- hncfc, ami i iMrs i I , itoiieb to keep 

him working, eating ami sleeping tike a 
hoi w in a trviKlmUI. \ . aqieuier'sluairs 
an „, hauj ,n.i in- paj .... ijgjg iimi | lr 
in comes riiacounigi .1. It. ■ nuae he i annrrt 
die-s himself and famih w. II , nongh to 
atteml Sunda;. school ami church, he 

droj,s out and e»n scrcely allonl tllltiun 
ami books lor the day school, , M ,| s,, |,^,. 
a man in a boat trying lo row Hp stream 
he sees himself falling j„ WM j 

be comes discouraged. 

These had conditions of the cal pi lite. \ 
Hade are ,|||e tfl aevvml causes, tno-t all 
of which can nadily be leuiedinl by 

proper organization. 

back of organisation has allowed many 
abuses to creep iu upon him MW RH( | 

hatcltet*men, piece work, the arch fWml 
of the trade; Stlb^Contractillg men cum* 
hlg ill from the I uni a ]miI ,,| each vear 

and working at tin trude, caq>ent< rs'bid 
ding umiereai hot heron job-ami cutting 

llllder each Otftl I in wa^. s. All of these 
and olher evils ate 1, |htg to sink the 
once noble tratle of the carjienter to the 
lowest l*ossible grade. 



ail.l kei p Otll I 111 -aw .Old Ii ,' 
llni *|| f.tintl t 

1,1 I In 111 i' I tClgl I III l a - ),. , ■ 

in^ I.. ' un -killi »| in th, it 

t I111U I lid IH IU 1 l I 1 1 1 1 j „ |i „lt ; ■ ' ,j M j 

—i 1 1 1 1 * * /■'/< itHi " b,'' "/ in I 

/•>: I , ,/\ ■ t . 



iniii 

1 ■• trie. 



tlur Many Strikes. 

l.ots of bo-M-s are oft, ti \ otheti j ,. 

stiiki - i>t then men. I!u .i;„ , ( , 

going along to tlo-ir profii win ti 
there i- a -mke b\ which tic, 
km., k, d end hwi Most. Th--' i 

Old lhe\ tomellnll - have lo f, , 

in;' i Iral i- W' >! i th in h is-. 

The •• uppr.i I 1 ■ - • i " are i nnn 

even ""W a gOtld III itl\ ol the i r • . , r . 

ot lab it in >in, • parts t»f the i i. ,., 

ha\ lilij , \],' 1 lelices that ihev ■ ■ V, 

aitd ne ali o. I of other rOHgl PSpel , . 
th it Uiatl i onii am d i\ . 

ju-t hmli a! tin- condition i<i i ,, r 
three ol the biggest Industrie* IH 
ami at tin pt rpetttal trouble m i: .,,,) 
mining regions, and at the • v i 
tuitions hi the s«, it-hoj^. ii, | ■ 
re, ni . in.' controversies lietwi ■ i • • , 
road i iMporattons ami tin ii • ■ 
and it t In- 1 1 1 1 nt i • aupiaintugN i ■ 

toll mtttis am! at the nt 111 I Ilk, i 

t. ■ w hii h ttieri i- ni 1 1 in I I.. » i. 
at ttuf >trtki of -oiiir of ciuretgai i 
win. h i- ili»turinng all thi i ig it ■ 
of ibis eii \ . 

N'i U'OUdeJ that -o 111 tnv In : 

to in ., -i.ite i irritation. 'I i.' ■ .>r 
ran tell mat lnppi n The 

e;r>. tln \ i-k, " Will these UMl' • ' '' irt* 

e\ ef s.lt l-!,l d • 

The PhtUdi (phi i f'n iu It,' : .: v 
up. ni it all. s, \ - , "It wa- hoped • ' 

se\e*i l \p> !'.< I i - ot the p l-l hai ll! 

both side* ., Ii - --.ii. and thai tin 

em . - whh h Ii o.« di-tuii.i .1 i hi i 

world wrtUl I ma be reptatcl 

i Spei | |[|.,, | seems tl> be »..!< .!:..•• 
teallzeil 

That - .o, Mi . />, md II t'«t1 

Will HOI he realized till llle in I III 

hit, ■! men gel more o> thsit riglit 
they have i \, r yet asked tor cal ;■• I 
projif i slwreirl the abumJancc with ■ 
tin- world i< filbnl, 

ItUl 1 havi spoken o[ this matter I ■ r> 
and shall now only refer t" two i 1 tlti' 

features of out modern strikes, 

In the tir-t place, the workmen ■ 
try lo come to terms with their empi 
before thej strike. Thev seek !.• 
what thev desire by negotiation, n >ti 
appealing to justice ami pointing " I 

facts in the , a-e. It has b, . n HHiJ ' I 

that " war i- the last resotl oi king 

it m iv be -aid Iruh that in til 
majority ol cases a strike i> the la-' ' 
ot lat.oi. t inlv when la'. or hc.,i 1 
cruel WOt Is U»ed hv Ko— Id I at tl 
<if the la-l Ito'okb ii liollev ai i I 
have ItOthing to arbitrate, dm • fall 
back Upon its last line of defl HSC 

months ago that the men of the t' 

building trades laid tin n coin; I* 
before the contra, tots. The v I 
machinists haven't sought lo -nil., ih* 

millers lo»'t like to strike, tin i &t 
makers of this city didn't want tost 
In the second place, tin- demai' ■ : 

the wage earners are m ai ly alwa v 

They ask that an hour may l*J tafe 1 1 "" 

the inlay's toil, or that a pittance In .i'l'' 1 

to their wages or that some harsh ' i!l 

he abolished, Of that reasonable I ■• 1,1 

their uuiona lie recognized. That' itiom 

all. It isn t much. 

if, therefore, the bosses arc , t< itiy 

annoyed by strikes, thev need do liotlutl^ 
more than to heed the few otqUeSl 1 ll " 

men from whose work I hen i aw 's 

drawn. John Sainton in v ».< 



THE CARPENTER. 



5 



In:' 



.It? 



Work. 



i . ,,n. hi whi.1i i w i \ human 

, X l„ |'|l "I l't '1" -Kill' I 111 II'.' I'.i 

M i m nltirh tu > .i it < ii n 
. through it " M .i Hi hi will 
ii. i( In t 4i ill U* «■■!' W a 
.i , naght 1 1 • *•<• p* ii tu ally 
j, , .ii in hi ..: woman «.f a !>.': 

. i ii.. i .hi i ii s -ill- f II it at i''. 
■ ■ i : . • . . v\ . l : < I ■ OliditiOM "f tiling* 

;. .V;'IT i V.l-t . 1 1 H * « 1 1 ■ 'III II. *W) 

.),, i, i- ,ti nl',1' tu, m nt \Miiii iit 
| tit AC win. Ii V « l|Ult< 'I l.i. ;•<■ 
• . | ., l.m i wjl! Hi. iv Im kit* 
, i .mi n i ■ i lli- ; mks i if tin 

■ | j it S»l lull.' .1- till' In.:, n| 

ii,\l.il itfrl lis nun ii ■» h* it 

,i, in rontted jo*i *i ii't'L" will 

[ u l ■ .1 > UtfdO} HI" "I f" •' lit* 

,: well i- men and wi Wi n, 

. 1 n- , V HUH .T Uiilll ili 

; - in. .it t h.m lit i it i *ii maki 

il> -]ml'- till N i iitll III! ' I t tin 

1 tli.il «hi" li i- t V" '.'!•, flu, Irs 



,iitn !U.i\ l 

• I \ s . 

I" I 111 



«■ "lit' in \tm tii i. Ismith 



ha 



n il 



•In 



| U< 

utt i " 'f i rvtitut) us '• ' 1 1, . t !ii 
!w»in 'in »u'i in i"h (m ..]•!' and pluci 
!i ,m!s "t '.!n ti n Mi ?i aid 
urn permitted t**-ds) i" select 
■. --:..n- t..r win. h tin 1 .in l«T*l 
i- tlit" uigh W'hh II tile imji "In 

■ their fellOWOU It 111 -"in'- 

ill. ( .in v ltd: • |*oJ»ilii»l '1 !i"i:i 
tin- : im ul tin ' I'l l. 1 11 ti ul "I 
■i • >., •". i]< i 'ul lli. !:,-" lli - 

' , ,TI In 11. iM ISlU]>t< •'■ I '1 ' tllj ir! 

* ► , , 1 1 1 .- .>th« r- w ;-h . This,!* true 

||i : : I ii » ' ; t - . . ! -'.r.k.r- -< < k ti keep 

. '..«, i niii then urtl Bui 'i 
,s ; r ! i !■ i dc '■• 'ti « Ii i tin i ■ i italtst 
uk* hi* "l.»if- and forbiib nu t! :•> 



tin 



hi it l:i" 



!;•>, kutll ill 



hi 



tilth! h i- i "1H'- will : tit* p'oplr 

,, iji nj.J i!u1 there -Ti- "-il l U' iw 
• ■ • . i. ti, i will) tlii ii ri^ht t>. '.ih.'t. 
'Ii .' then -hi.nl''. hi- i law et*mpelhnn ill 

Dill ' , . h" i;u -l! \ titti llipil I .read. "The 
Hill i u.-d tin r erne tit " h >o ainc ** : > I 'I 
I'irK.iiii' (In i :iii ti . •! i ; i ored few, 

ni<] •! *k>«uhl now '-' -i . "i\> ti .I i" lite 

;," '.. .is .i mIh Av. ll.'iu ■( l.i'"ir BeVW 
',"»i-:- .i in in u| .t M'lin in. Irtll i'.m.i'. i ■ ii 

in.: '.i - Iw4ti. Tnbenti Mtw i- I'ltmrae* 

I., manlKKxl tu wuiruwli I »tul no t«.»w«i 

sjn . mi. ii i.i tin- . ■ h hi ii' • i hi be 
u l in iln ttntl'l Ui in iln "■■•< 



..i iln- cxptin-i 



I hi i ■ UTiKll tlUl 



»!.:• li hi- h rt in vi t inrin.il im I»iiu*Ui 
it au} hi ui^-il ih.it tin i.- ii"' work 

'Ml..l||.'li t"l .ill "l (III- ].<"].:' il \ 1 1 ' ' I I . I . 

Tin - is .in. mi nniisi-iisi-. '1 .'ki tin ihil 

■I'" ii "'lit ..( tin- KlilfelHtll! U> 'h ■ I'll 

'•li' Ul "t ttcuMmfol "i lti< '»ver*o'*««l 
Is in thi- sMf.tt sh'.j.-, Jillt i ^'r.i i r«W» 

il I i Itui mini s, th.ii il.. output "f i «ii 
: ■ ititn iitikIiii t-. in . j n 'hi' i h 1 

' " ill" i niisiiiin i .ni'l till ■ ' 11*11 'I 't " 
! ' ii' VMlec i iiln..i>l *m\ :i' ' l ' " •' 1 
■ e'mU\ hutin (mm fay, dnwlwl jnt'otfi 

" " '• i ii-Ms, ti-iliii i iln limits ul I i in 

Ulior, nnd ]iui nii'U mi n into tut fii'UI 

'111 'In -.11 '<■ Mlth tin- t> h'^l ij'h ni'l 1' h' 

jili'im- opemtorti . flenu«ml that ^"M«l 
i"i'ts shull In- hiiili!r<1 in rirn I'ommu 
nit) hi the United SUitcti; let the govern- 
W«*nt "I-, r]] of these thing*. '""I Ihcrt 
i ,:i in- work enough fm nil 
When Uie «hovi l« ctirtieil into effect 

lli'-n- Mill In- im im ri'MMfl <U."HI Itttl h >t tin 

pri«luct»of Hie nulls, ferui* nn*l hctoric*. 
1 "■ « »l . l« - will hnve sunn thing i" imj witli, 
:tn<l there will no longet i» urannriea 
1'iirsiinj. W ith food in 'Hi'- i'li" while 
"i' ti, women mA ehiklren lire Kbirving t<> 
■leath in Another, i.aimi M ill then have 
onlj ttsjtist ilins. ami cnpital Mill receive 

't* own. Tin- hrothvrh I of the nwe 

' •'n "iil> In- entnhliahctl by ihi> nicanM, 

hence W« should all WOrk t li.it iIhsIukIi 



M I,. 
I'm 



"I 

.HI, ,. 



I'Hh — Aim 

Mil! ,." 1- Mlth 



ii. .1 hn i. in, - , t UVtillil "I 

io iln.iii-s iii the- hive, its 



fntun Mill Iki intiee*! mu • rtaln. 



flanntr 



An Atrocious injunction, 

Whltlii-i it. m .|i i!t;n^. • \\ 11,.- re* 
ijiirnt "i I In hi. mi Ntntitif&i'turrri Kv*y 
ciutiotl two m< . I, i;'.. Justin I n i-'Imi.ui, 
of ill" Sujncmf Court Set* k"*«k isMiwI 
an injuiiirtion ^cvking t«. •• -tr.i-.n the 

striking cigxrntakerA r. mi {lickftlng '.r 
fltt«'jnptilig in nr. WS> ihti-i "'tilers 

h .in taking tin-it nl ii i - hh'1 " tiniiiis 

- in;i illit/i I - fmnj untn-j iniaiiri.il %\A 

t""i tin- ].'.:t;,"'s.- .it L'nutirtttinjr the mwe* 

tin tit 

1'n -:■!(■"• i.i.tin.it Mtteiuleil the meet 
in^ tti tin O "*.: i* I nlcrfltiolJ 1 ' a 1 1 • • t i in 

N' i Vorl li-i Suiiitaj ati'l annuunce<1 

(hit In- hi"! .'.(in- (■> .i^i" nl', "li-f- tin- 
hi. j ' :i " ill. ! !• ti -tint". I 10 Ivstjcf 

l t ei -lin. hi 

• ■ i sualK . -.in i Mr. i »■ im j " : ■ "when 

ti;. I llml movi ineill ir»h<Kittling -huh "in 

i- fmin«l, irltvihcil with the ernrtoe of a 
Sutirnni Ji 1 , who 'firs tti i heck the 
l U c ir. N- \r r :ri the ^utni history of 
lli -a " i" ' • 1 fn- a t>rnit lievil fonftil with- 
uiti , ( i .,!.•.• i . . . i.iiln- hi- tymnnv in ;lu- 
fi.rtn-"f Iia uwi aflttittRteiireventiittnn 
..j thj* i- found in i wait wlm. hy 

hi ' tn.ti, ' 



I'orjft; AhcaJ, UrtitlierA in Labor. 



\i uptime in the historj "f (he traih-- 
unkm movemeui Iwve nh* organisation? 
"i ivagv>worker> lieen »6 ntrtneroo* <t 
theti prospectii -u fovorahte tot thr-ir 
i'"i' ' ■! in it h '■: im»grevi t" iiecure 4e« 
sirnlih idititiun than they arc to-ilav. 

Dnrtttg the jwti reai the movement for 
an eight-liom -liv has taken unto itself 
renewei] aetivit; .ni'l, with the uetatance 
"t tin- labor Jin.-- ami theacqtitocenceof 
•i ii"-iih ]ir--s, i' i m he safely predicted 

Hit' M i\ ', ; ..i, Mill tee thi' inui-nra- 
tioil ni'l i'l'.].tt..!i nt the sln.rti r M'">rk"lay 

Ii) man) ihrohting 1*hontaiw*, who ran 
not heHevc hi tin- potvttbility of so uring 
an htibrovemenl fn the industrial fieW 

lllllil long after its enforce lllrtlt. 

Iii the post few years unions hive hud 
t ml Htt the power of concentrated capi- 
tal, reinforced by labor-displacing ma- 
chinery *nd cheaii forms of distribution, 
all tending to demoralize ami weaken the 
power of labor organization*. That they 
have been enabled to withstand the com- 
bined attack .»f -ncl. force* snd increase 
liirir numerical -tren^th, despite their 
natural ami unnatural etietnies. demon- 
strate* the iwerwhelming latent force heW 

inahr;.a:n v for the tm.il Stmggie fuf COttt- 

plvte emancipation from adverse condi- 
tions ami the entering StttO the new 

field ■ i ontenttneut. 

I.ai-ir organiwttlons in clothing them- 
selves with the mantle of bettcf cottdi- 
tinna, which, for the time appear to inter* 
fere with the (rested rights of capital, have 
I mil t,. battle with biased ni'l adverse de- 
cisions of COUtta. ami in many Cases 



f".l he 



M-ith tlii- American Pcdcration of i^ihor. 

PR \ Nk M< iRRISi'N, 

Secretary I. /■'■ of /. 
The Kightsof lj»bor. 



lion, •« hi - his "Mti it. mi, ■ 
is , i'.'.-.I I'i.-i .hn.ni. 

" [• i , •:. 1 1 -s.il ■. '"• si .im- man to oppose 
thi* Iniuuction, m*l i am gbid to »<e that 
ini -• iltd h ' — slreadj bt ett jn nU-. 

■■ I nil her< especially tOViolute the in- 

■ ini'tiViu. I Imvc done *o l»efore, at a 
distance. S»>,w I M int to 'face the 
mm.ii . if then- is an % . 

-I ii !'.<■ cnutributeil t" tin fuwl f*« 
pickets IH*1 t"-ni"troM morning 1 ~hall 
speak t.. iln- strikers in Bohemian S*> 

tjutwl II ill. on RmK Seventy -s, i', .ml 
utrcet, n"l "iv;'' thrm t" keep mi. in 
»pite "f injuncttonsi 

Commenting npoit tin- course "f this 
Supremi Cottrt Justice, tin- PhHadelphia 
\ in , . / ui) 1 1 ' si\ - 

in-ti.-r Kreedin m's iiiiuiwtbm jrroliihit- 
in- tin irtcmbcw oi tin- CtgannaketH' 
I nioi) ti 'in lovinfl lienetks locigiwrnuk- 
,-i- Khu have tefl 'hi- « mt'l »\ of a Nr« 
V.'ii. in mill i. ' .in i i- nt atrocious nliUW 
,t mdtcialpowet The Jiupreme Court of 
Sew V"tt-. through lurtjee Kreeilman, 
s.i\ - loMotkni'-n "ii" have mow*) " Von 
iii'.i-i not, ..ii pain "t latini! -> to kiil, 
u\ vt 1'n "f \-ini uh'iicv i" men who 
refuse tu work i >t S. I<cvj .n s ", VoU 
mii-t i,: iii..-. njen awl theit families 

-tatve. Thr Mat' "f N' W N'"lk Will l|C- 

termlne how vtni -i'«-ii'l yom earnings. 
,ni, I ...ii sftall ""I give you* money swa) 
i„ tsHiis who Mill not accept tin wage* 
offer* 'I bj S, f.e» yx" 

it tin- doctrine involved this tinm- 
str.iiis injunction dioukl hr sustained, the 
iiini Mh" v."iU- would I'- reduced toa 

stall- of slave. \. No ahsnlutr moliati liy 

of thr Did world would dart to enforce its 
claim of sovereignt) t" such on extreme. 

Samuel i .1 inja*r«lia» lulvhanl the ci^ar- 
nmkera' I'nhm t" disrcganl khe injunc- 
tion ami to viuUtte W »1 ■ Kt i s 
ri^ht. 'Hie atltltoritj "I S ' 11111 1 l " 

tat,- (he ilis]..i-iti"ii of pfopeiiy over 
which it ha - acouired no control by pro 
a .v. oi law should hr tested promplyi 
fust ice I'lei'iliu.m shoukl hr compelled to 
Show hoM, where ni'l when heacquireil 
iuriMliction ovet tin- money iu the pock 
t .is of American citizens who happen to 
in- meinben "f a cirgarmakara' union. 



gainst the 



unwarranted interferance of 



judge*. Mho issiu- injunctions, depriving 
the organisations of the ilirectors of their 
force, in their struggle for what has time 
ami .i^iti been adjudicated t" be their 
inalienable right guaranteed by the con- 

siitution. 

The trade unions are rapidly spreading 
the glad tidings of a remedy for unorgan- 
ised w.'s-e workers can readily he verified 
bj the formation within the past feM 
mouths ,.f many new national unions — 

i iremaki ts, hicycli- workers, imat cut- 
ters aii.l hut, her workmen, steam enqui- 
rers and musician* all of whom art pro- 
jiressinq rapid) v toward organising those 
engaged in their pArtieulai crafi i ami 
this at a time when ruoaperity'a sun ap- 
pear* to have hid Us face, in shame ami 
Borrow that in a land of plentv . yonth and 
beaut) should hunger ami thirst ami beg 

in vim foi reliel from lite lnn.1- of their 
si t , ants. 

l. .i.ikat what wc an- now in ourpar> 
tiallj otq iiu/i'l con.luii'ii.aii'l thenthiuk 

Mil, it Mr UiigUt he in "lie comj.lt. tc <>r- 

^anisation embracing all wage- worker*. 
What Itetter object kuwwi cm In- placed 

hef«iie otn visum than tin irspntisr maile 

i.v thr . seewtiveot the national organize- 
in. ii- i" ihi- call for a conference at 
wii' ehog. W ■ \'.i-. Jul) wi'h less 
ih.ui fnrty-vighl hours' notice there gath- 
,'M'il in that city a most remarkable com 
clave of lahoi men, and that it has been 
of incalculable benefit to the miners must 
he admitted. 11 was called for tin pur- 
pose of aiding thr miners snd to offset 
the force of an injunction secured under 
conditions that imuitbe repugnant even 
to the godhead who prepared, presented 

an.) issueil il a lit use lli.it s<-li!..ni falls 
to the lot of man. 

prieuds, brothers ami fellow-workers, 
hi- of good cheer, "he trade union army iii 
solid phslans is steadily marching for- 
M-ard. and H hen victory has heen achieved 
ami tin- flag of piosperilv will have been 
(IttUg to (he hree/es over the field of 
labor'nequality won. it will he cheered hy 
the victorious boat*) marshalled in trium- 
phant aiiav under tile hanner of their 
national organisation) in full' atliluition 



Contemporaneously capital draws its 
'■niy value from labor; tabor draws its 

reward, it- sustenance, from capital. The 
Wealth of a nation lies precisely in its 

powrr to produce, and just as the indus- 
trial activities increase ot diminish the 

nation is p rO Sp eroW* or unprosperous. 
We must hear ihcs.inj' of the shuttle and 
tin. loom, thr siiuml of the a* ami the 

hammer, the Mhirnf wheels, the rattle of 
grain 1,1 the hopper, the click of the 

ri.-apa.-r. ami everywhere, in the field or 
forest, and mill and mine, the ear imi-t 
Catch the melodies of the industrial chorus. 
What would it profit capital to hush these 
sounds? We will ruh the rust from the 
plows) tare. We Mill kindle the fire in the 
furnace. We will dig the earth and 
pour the ore into the vat. But the dot* 
lars - shall the} remain idle in the vauhs ? 
Shall they congest in the centers while 
the arteries dwindle away J Capital may 
Combine if it pleases— no objection can he 
urged to a combination of capital for 
legitimate purposes. Hut there is a limit 
beyond which capital d.vre not go in the 
process of concentration. I, ihor's oppor- 
tunities must not he restricted, labor's 

right- must he respected and capital must 

return a fair equivalent. Wages must not 

he forced down by unholy combination*. 

This is the real i-sue in America. How 
shall it he met? Shall there he a segre- 
gation of the panicles in the economic 
unity ' Shall the lines of divergence 
broaden, or -hall organized capital and 
organize! labor weed out the heterogetii- 
tie- and blend and huild upon a common 
rock ? 

The continued concentration of capital 
lia- amply justified unionism. Unionism 
i- imi an aggressive force — it is protect*** 

i:; its nature. 1 1 seek- to -lay the hauat 
thai niches the toiler's sweat. It is an 
organized, but peaceful protest ag; ,; ust 
the encroachments of organized capital 

upon the rights of labor, it is not seek- 
dng ti> destroy fortune*, but to huild them, 

ami it only a-ks m return a fair equiva- 
lent f"r the Masted brawn. Capital 
shmtld recognize the rights of labor. The 
rich man should no longer shake his tahle 

cloth in the face of t«a/arna. (yanrusba* 

grow n tired of tin- h avings. There should 
he a touching of pultils. I.ahor isconcilia- 
torv ; why sboubl capital he arrogant? 
I.alior is tacrilicial ; should capital lie 
lusty, exacting, avaricious ? Capital 
should not have the piuvertotix the price 
of labor without paying a decent respect 

to the wishes of the mun who toils. Capi- 
tal should ii"t have ihe power to fix the 
price "(' commodities without paving a 
deceit) respect to the wishes of the )m>- 
ducer, at one end of the line and the con- 

SUfllCI at the other. With this power it 
is possible I'orVapital lo make lahor cheap 
ami living high. Il is possible foi , api- 
lal to force the scale of wages t,i the 

minimum. This is labor's curse to-day, 

and let us withdraw from the awftttneas 
of the prospect. We should scourge the 
money '--hangers from the Capitol lest the 
owl chant a requiem from liberty s tower. 
Shylouk may have his tlucats, according 

io tin- stipulation, but with picks, mid 

hods and masons' trowels mi- Mill tight 
him to the ditch for th* •***! 11 is 
labor's cause, and kllw I <»«•* is human- 
ity's and God's, it i- ;i question which 
addresses its. If to Hi" mlunus inherency 
Of mankind) Sin1 I he toiler's protest, what- 
ever ii may I*, sgainst the tyrannic* of 
aggregated wealth will find a holy sanc- 
tion in ic lovaof the Infinite I-'stber.— 
Exchange. 



6 



THE CARPENTER. 




l.fssmis in Practical Carpentry 

BV i'ri: i>. t, in n '\ . 

I I.T up timbers, hi tntil i TS 
made in an\ giv« :i length, bj 
placing thin layers ol plank** 
i >r boards side h) side and 
spiking them together 
with good w ire spikes, or by I Kilting them 
together with c iage holt-,, is an old 

met hod and a g 1 one for uiakinx titus 

I 'i*rs ti ' i in.- proper length, if only iuu nded 
fur ordinan purposes »neh as bressunu t>, 
bearing bwiins for joints and like pur« 
poses, imt for heavy strains in roof 
work nr for bridge work the solid timber 



fished joint, made wjual in strength in 
tin? tk u-i If, Ivs* <'iu- ia»H hob . though 
nn!\ i>\ sacrificing the sad* advantage 
which i scat fed li is over -i lisited joint , 
namely, thai 11 does not involve itttj 
increase in the -11UnM.il urea of tlie tie at 



■ 

i 

J 



li... 4. 

the joint ttndma) becoaeenled from ur« 
altogether where appeal nice is an object. 

When fish-prates no used thru- is 
nothing to lie gained ' >) WOI kine; the ends 
of the scarf s as shown in Kigs, 1 and „\.i< 



jvy-1 : ilu w »t Km in Will ihh.im 1 thi- 
itK'thndi Pig. . i> somewhat different, 
.unl t 'on sis w id .1 boh* Which 1- ni-> 1 u il 
inin (lie ( -ml- of ilii tntil'ii, .1- shown,, 
tin- ln'lt having .• ifttl an iUH< ■*! both 
ends, i- ni.iv be luputed. Slorti* • WtJI 
have to ►* cut iirtu the Imtlan, which 
form pocket* tin the nut- exavttj the 
saute aa for toiiKing. the butts *A 1 hand 
rail. The shape <ff the nut isahawn, hut, 
where two nut- are u**wl; one uttlj mi'. 
In-' shaped iW l' l-r diagram, as Ibeothei 
will dosuuare, asthclsrtt nwy l>e sen wi 1 
into n before the end "t the ofhw inula 1 

is run "ii the ln'lt. The little WOti In •H on 



mi , let tn • ml the nil ■! 1 1 • . 1 f . 

tin mortise and u 1 tun ■> 

.hi.! the Ivw 1 .| to... tii, 1 ,,| 

III , I -i • when tan ] . : 1 1 1 
(..ill- .iiml'ii t .it 1 :.'bt .HiL'l 
I >|| Mill 1 \ 1 1 1 lin 1 "I 111 1 it ui 1 , 



"I 



I 



Z 



C* I o *1 
n A 



1 



>■ r \ 

lniu'iln r. 1- Iim'a a 'ii 1 ■" 1 >r 
i c 1 ii \ 1 led ov< 1 . i> -hi i« n iu 
tin • I it 1 1 1 joint, 1 1n' miii 1. ! , n| 

II I >\AltS I ' I Ml I ,1 W II , I !|] , .((I 

-IimIMI. It thr ImWi [ '.iMin 

1 1 .Mr.l, mil uppei t, 1, 

n [mil it . -ii t''it t he —iiii 1 1 

1 In-'- 1m:'i tin t, tin It slplili 1 l| 

vetit* 'hi ■ ! 1 ■ 1 <" 1 '" 1,11 t'"in 1 1 



ii.- • 

■ 



Vu:. 1. 



Is tttucb t<> he preferretV. In making 
Indlt-up timbers enre inutt he taken not 
tM have, two Iwttt joints opposite each 
other, and the flitches, i«r piece* of plank 
nr Itoard, sliouldbutt ench other snnx and 
tight, f««r :m « >] <«-■ n hmt join in a built np 
timber i-.i very serious defect. 

The planks nr l>oards forniinjj the 
riitchea iltould nil be platted to even 
thicknesses, sn that eaeh layer may tit 
MJUgK to Us neiybb.ir. The layers ma> 
be of different thtcktteasea, that is. iwie 
tna> be fonucjl of 3-iuch pi, mk. .1 second 
nf 2-inch planki ro«1 another of l '..-nub 
plank, etc, Inn in nil 0.1-e- each live 
should be the same thickness throughout. 
Timbers built up jjj thi- wtt y maj I>e ni.ule 
tM run any reasotuible lengUt, and maj be 
made of almost anj sectional diiuensions, 

ami will iii most uses serve the pnr|'M-e 

to satisfaction. 

Sometimes it is necessary U) make a 
sort Ofa lock joint apUce in timber ami 



the spHce will he ju-i .1- stionx if itte 
ends are left si|uare usshowri it Fig. X 

Heailgokl .yivi'- the fotlowiuK rtites, 
b.iseil npon the relative resistance l« ten* 
sion, crushing, und -heann^ of different 
woodsy tor the pn»jH»rtion whicli the 
length or overlap of a scarf dtoutd heai 
in the depth o| the tie : 



( >ak . ash, elm, ete. . . 
Pim and similar wcmnU, 



1 2 



Scarfed joints with holts .unl indent* 
are -neb a- tit it »hOWtt .it I 1^. h which 

is about the strongest irf lite kind, (•'rum 
this it will be seen that the strongest ami 
most economical method in even wuv.in 



5 



I n,. _'. 



then .me of the following methods maj 
be resorted to for th<- purpose, either out 
of which will be found stiiu.l to the pur- 
pose. The example ahowti at pig. 1, 

exhibit- ,1 tttethOd by Which the two 

ends of the timber are joiiml together 
with a su-[ -splice and spur or tejioi 

eml, la in- dlTHWII Light tOgCtlHM hj tin- 
keys, .is shown in the shaded part. Pig. 2 
is a similar joint, though simpler ami 
therefore u belter one; A, A are r^-iier- 

■My joggbssof ban] wood, am) nul wx^dged 
keys, but the latter are preferable, as they 
allow of tightening up. The shearing 

Used along It l . should be pine, ami b. not 

leM than six and a half times p. q - ;i1 „] 
11, C should he wpwl toa( least twice the 
depth of the key. The sheet in ib. keys 
being at right an-i, - 1„ the grain of the 
wom.i, ,1 greata] pu m|tmr« inch of 



IvUKtltcuiltfi ties, i- hj the adoptnai of th>- 

eoiitnion scarf joint, as diown at 1 i^. 3, 
and fishing the scarf as there represented. 

Tin- earpeniet meet- with man J 1011- 
ditions when timber- of various kinds 

have to he lengthened out and -phu.l, 

as in the case ol wall plates, etc . where 
there i- not inn, h tensile -tn-s-. In -m li 

v ases the limhel- m.i> sllUpl) be ItttlVftl 

together and tecuretl with na»l«, *pike», 
bobs, screws 01 pins, m tlie] may be 

hahed or bevelled IU slloiMi ill Pig, I, 
whh h, « lieu hoarded above, as 111 the ease 

of wall plates built m the wall, 01 as 

-trinket-, on which part it - are set, 01 

joj-t beams on which the lowei edge* oi 

the ioists rent, they will hokl u I 

toy 

'i'i lie olliei llh tin, 1! tor t \ me the 

ends togetbei 111 the din 1 inni ig tin ii 




Pu; 
n 



sin irin« area can be put „,„,„ t | R . lg 

along B P, but their ahearlag area should 
be ccjual iii atxength to Ute other pans of 

UK joint ; oak is the best wood for ,iu-m. 
as its shearing Strength is from lour to 

live Listen that of pine. 

In all cases of this kind the length of 
Um scarf may be diminished, and its 
strength increased by the u-e of iron 
bolls, either by themselves or iu connec- 
tion with fish-plates, iu which latter ease 
it may be, as in the case of a limply 



lengths besides halving a scarfing as 
shown, among which are those shown at 
bins. 5, 1, and ?. The method shown at 

Pig. S exhibits.! double headed haidw I 

key inserted into a morlise or cavity rut 

to receive n in the ends ol the tunlicra, 
ami the joint la drawn uptight by driving 

the Wedges, A, between the ends of ihe 
timbers ami the shotiblerv nf Ihe key. 

Pig. 0, to some extent, speaks for itself, 
as the manner of keying up is plainly 
represented, very little in«enuity on the 





} s 










1 





l ; n,, \. 

the nut an made -■ • Us to ndtttil <d 
nut ladttg sirewi l up tight bj Hf*l 
cobi chisel "r othet (h \U e wh»< b " IU - 
worked tti the nut ]••■■ kl I 
When a xc*f fed jwtttl is employed, 

tltllhet should he FlXCil -'• llWl tllC 
fares nf the *cnrf maj '■<■ p,,: ib< | 

direction oi the lariaiuig -m — ■ 

joint fuillL; -llon.-e-t when -.1 pl.ll 



I he 

id . 

1 be 

111. 
-ill 
Ihe 

(1. 

- d . 



L ._J ■ 

aw a 'ii tin dit>-. ttl ai >i! t- 

1 .ill : ! 1 H ' U 11 • lift ji an! thjki 
b i'.m n .- . Pig 1 si am t mil , ; 
in thi- kind ol !i oiling. ' at U I* >< 

\ n ai. i 1 '•■ 1 ei i' i id ' In u | In 

trim h ih< >re i >- 'Iu ■■ ■ 



2_ 



-4-4 



L3 



<■ H 



I'll 



I-' 1 1 . . • . 

but, whii h ever am it is p! iced, < u- 
niii-i la taken thai the abutting «i 1 1 u'i -, 
on the compression side ot tin beam ire 
at ri^ht .muh - to the direction >d tin- 
thra-t. ir fislt plate* are used, the beam, 
if ii-he.i only, should '"• pi-" el -ii that 
they ma) be at ri^bt angles to tire dltei 
t ion of the bending -tie-- in which posi< 
tinti tbe> ire working it the y< .iii -t 
distance ft^au the neutral . ■ s. i - ol tin 
beam, and therefore to tin gn iteMad- 

\ intake J bul if sraifid tin- joint a- 

alreadj stateii, will hi it ;i i with tin- 

surfaces ■» the fi ib plates n u ilk 1 to ilw 
direction "f the thru t. 

In eases m here timbers ate to I* ti mied 

together at right HUglC* I rub other, 
mail) nn thuds ne in n-e s.ime o( wbit h 
1 purpose .-'ivin^ m lliese jstjiers, M tile 
junction wj tin limls n i m tin eorhi t ..t 



ill ing it , .unl tin i i 'ii • , at. i i - 1 

/ shrpfV inni. th.ui i it i 

■ !i 1 1\ ii ] ,.u '.U i at' i ' 1 1 1 1 1* - |V •' I ■■ 

firm i ininei tnni. Tin -joint i- ruori 
vrf\ weak at the i il .' Ii - J ; 

Mini times nupi'H'd bj i uttiiii' -In. I 

in tin- ibivel dl i- .it fig. 1 1 
t.nK are unl ti ii U lo llii - < m< ol n 1 
win n thr ..j on In Irtilb pHM'i 
-mil w i- ' ui in that i a-i . if tin " 
slu ink - OT t* stl tltll < I in t be , ! :■ ' 

it - length tin rb. . v.- iii w m . i 
-pht ,,tt 

'flu m m mi tln«l i* tlwt oi t!n«i 

nn! 'i menu:', win, h i- pel hap till 
1 1 1 rnvtlnxl' • a |oi'iitt>j limlteii it 
,i ngles 1 1 1 e.e Ii otbn. win u r 
apphi •! 1 i.' dtOw • tin ii-u il m< 
wb'.i h i- a i liininoil mult: v slid b 
iMiut, in w hn li ii the tefHMi wen 
int,. tin m*«rtise tin in-ii th ol 




loo I'll.LII A Hal II -Ul 



III., 



a building, as for a sill or a plate, halving 
may be adopted, as show n at b'i^. H, ami 
this may be a i lean wpiare halving, as 

shown in the figure, or it may be beveled, 
something after the manner seen In l in. 
4. In some cast s, particular!) in heavy 
framing, the cud of one sill is mortised 
wit '( a shoulder left on und the sill join- 
ijig it is tenoned and relished hack in 



joint to ti sisi every streas bat dm < > '■• 11 

sion iii i olllplessioil would vet\ i • 

di-pend on the strength ol thi 
which, in such a case, should l« 1 

as po-silile eonsislenl witbnoi wi ik< i» K 
the other limhei loo nun b b) CUlHl '"" 

large a mortise, itm when tin • tvr0 
itintdltiomi ■ .oinot t,e nib. ib-d. othi 1 i : -" |s 
are generally adopted, such as bosing tW 



7 



mi' 



lint ! 



iiijji '-I' i i" whti '' the teUoii 
j.i i toini'- the • 1,1 kt'i^p 
. K ||i^> pATt* nf the joint 1 1 1 
'*. ItClll'MH ill' I.'imlW dms 

■ i|,|,.u . li the tun', r, ilit 
tin I'M' ■)! -li" 1 it* I '" h\ 1 } 

. ff| ].|1| ..1 (hi Til- ■ T • ijrfl 111*1. 




J 



1 1 1 



■ ■ im ■• ' In ' !"■ t will i linr.Mi h 
hi I" iiti ••In ml.- |t| \v \t\\ h , 
ni ;••■!: - ! ( ■ «T t • ' 1 '..•<■ I 'In 

• I ■ pi ii i- It ihi*» i ii' -t 

■ . , tflf 1 • ii : i./ pi!'.- >>1 t!: 
md n mill j"iiil i n .M Mil |a> 
■ i i nit' i ' ' -. i)''i hi .iik.i.'' )i is 



1 



111. 



Ill 



iljlUl in • • • ;<••[ 



, i 



H i . 

I |l 1Ii.1l 

|] 

v i uuM < ■ • • -i • l> ■ ilii i 



• '!,■ !1 . I I ' j • '■ ■ 



I on d mi's I ahor Parade. 

Tlfi tnriU.il lat *».1*>J!I l.-i'i llfffl 

t m-1 

i , . siroe** timing ihr etolj |nrt of 

1.1 \ with p»' ■ ' >; ' i: • • 

liMn mkI im i ■ ■ i ' l ill .- '' in. in i 1 m 
c< -h, «uinui< » «• .••■ii ".!* ii iji A \U< 

I . ' 1 1 < -. 1 1 1 • I i i • w • 1 1 • ! ' ! 1 1 j ■ i ■ «-. - 

V |«ojttgU*fl and l iiti'a-fArll pn/es 

• IWlUV'Ir'l '"1 ill' HI" ' 'jrl,! .)•■': 

!■ n) \v4 \uttM - The iitHm il* i*i ri 
!■• • •! in i.u;r; iti ■! h il ■ SimeMI ittil ill 
»Mr.|iv pn '. i ■ \ i eih^t 
tlfi 1 ■ I utiuimviM oi oni i f pvwpk ■ 

.'■•:<■ \\ is i _'t» .i( lati il ;• 'ii -1 ■ it !■ 'il 

rt Wi • i! I' u.i. i in tin afti rti<*»fl Tin 

Fll » I Weft almost - i'li" it Ug ill lllfll 
• w, 10 ih'i-' lich'i w, '■' f"'tiiii i!i' 

tiiuitifh to be impri*otl>d ill thcil mnl-t 

I ll' lllll-V l.lllt.llll^ .(ll.l I ,1 I V 11. OI -I II! tilt' 

Ht't)jh1urli I were hi i.'ht with tittlincr*- 

\ I Ifcl Jul i- li WU lit hi ;.i i I 111 (S IV l T'- 

in i s[ ..it, h, ic indulged in ni'! .iMn- 
1"'| 1 1. it in- added lii-.iut v .ml pietun ^ | lu- 
lu ■ til till s, rill'. Till ] !".'! I'll I'llill 'l 

W lit a <its{ila) i.f liiiwnrk- .in.', .i -i'l i-i.il 
l«< im i n 1 1 . rtiii, ii |.ii..lu. «-.l ,nu i 'inj{ I-" 

lltlM i IMIk. 

* * * 

Irjide.i Unions. 

1 1 ul million* art' V ifitinutti , «Mitj4n»wlh» 
"i Hiilu-.tri.il niti.litii.il-., .ui.l tlu !• fun 
'Ii- H cxinteiice in i «l- no itcfteittw- The) aw 
'■•j.' i ii i / \ tii in-, nt tttfcvjuit) thr«>Uf{h which 

Hi- vmiiV.ii-, ure in.il.h.l ti> '.rutri'l .ni'l 
lltlemi IhciM-i U i-> fnmi ni. i . W linu iil . 
iiiju-lii-v .ui.l vnronff, Tlii'X .in- I'U'.uii/.i 
IfaiMol the WtM-kin*^ i'huw, ^i.tjijilinn with 
Koimntie .ni. i ... nil j.niiiii ins th.ii c*w- 

I l!u 111 tlnttl tlllli tn tlllli', .|.'.illll>4 
With tlivttt ill ii in.iilir.il lll.illlli l . to till- 

•n i iii. it ,i Mthitiwii com«tctiMimt« «nli 

ii iHtvreAtjl IMS) In- ;ilt. urn 'l. 

Tmikm urn. .us nut i>nlj di«ci»rt ecott- 
fmiicatKl *oci«] pruh)«tn», but tkitl «itii 
in ii fashion calculated '•' hritlg 

✓ ''"'n' heltei r litmus ,,f lit. . .ui'l iii the 

vii •■ ki i s, | or j.t.-.iti t Ktru>y<U'ii| i"i 
'melioration .mil tmanciiwtinn yd t" 
' "nil-. Later Joui n,ii '/am<s\ We x < >tn<>. 



Mr- National (:licht«ttour l aw. 

The Hot}** i ..ttiuiitii un i..it,.,r nt ,, 
"•fecial rnwtinn !,-t ,|j r , .,,,.,] ;i 

filVfinilrlc i ' Jtori tht' < . ir.|. hit i>tje1«t 
h.nir Kill, irhtl'll blM .i'im.1. .1 inn. Ii 
itti i. in. ii i(| !.,'„,, , i,, [ f , ,,,,,[ ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,). 
ti.i. tuts ; ,i . ■,„,, ..,1 u,,,^, -j-j,,. v ,,.,. 
W ' ■ I»n4t»iltt0il :n ii . l.,'.„r, In its 
nun inKij ('.im the i»i.ll i- .is ti.llnv.s \ 

' 'Thftt i ,n i| Alir] ( v.-rv n.titr.ii t !;.-r'-- 
Mtftvl MJ "!>•. !-. whtl h (he 1'n'ti-il Stut' s. 
•>»•• m ..; thi- I J i ~ * r i . x ..t Cn'.-.itn- 

' i i i« i i-iM'., :iii'l i-vi-tv *tii li i nntnui 
in ufc Ft** "i "ii j)i hilt' ..I' tin i inti-.l 
State .>r ti i- \\nt\ , ..r -.ii>l ili-tT"t, 
will h mi;, t.'jtnii nr ii>%olve the <xn- 
plntmt-tit o( ', J" inr- i ii tin. !ir . s, -hull 
'"■i'li.. .i |«rovi4ou Ihiit in. Uttorei nr 
:m ■ 1. .in. iftiinu ■«> I 1 i.rt "i 'he -A-.rV: 

■ OrtU hi;.: it< 1 bj "li tut 1. 1 in tin- 1 jii- 

; ! "f the funtiactm nr mm -'ih-niti- 
trwtutt i ..'I'M nut' inr .in-, pun "f s.,i,i 
Wotl -)i.!' be • • ■ , i : r < - > i or pentritteti to 
work iiior« than • vhi li.-.n. m anj mn. 

• ll In ilaj ; i".l '-nil nH'l iii-r. niii- 

tTi.t »ha1l "<tipnlatc .i j«*naU? few each 
t ittf'tl 'if Mil' |hto\ i-ii .ii illreetvl lij this 
Hi t n! fi\t -In!! o- im i ■< h l.i'i'.n-r nr 
im • li.in fni > nh .ni'l ' \'r\ Cah-niiiif 

• i i\ in \iht- h hi- sii.iU li'mf ninri tb.iti 

■ Iinurn i ami kiiji otitiw i1«rsi>;ttate<l 
i - r--.j.i.i i..t tlii w.iiV. t" '.. pf tfnniii 'l 
under mi) utrh eontntct, or t" »i4 in ett- 

l> :. Ill)] (hi t;;::,".!':i tit tlu-n ■■!. slu'.!, 
iijH.n ..' <er\attitn ..r iincMm4U<iii, report 
:!n- j t .jn! wrTicei •>: tin- I'njted State* 
.,- it 'ih.'...:v. nr tin l?Uftie( nf Ct»l 



I.ondun Letter. 

IIV rttOMAS RX'.VME. 



unbi 



lij i'ji n.it inn* oi tii'- jtfwiMOti* nf 
tin- u t 'iiti-. -i ! (»i U in wis in 1 ii h .m-1 
i\.f. -i h fititroi't. m l 'hi- .itjinntii nf 
tile ll iltti « !]• I'. iti ■ I in any n. h i mi- 
riwd *hall las withheld »•>• the I'tti.i t nr 
-a 1 1. 1- • ilutj ll shall lar to jhi» tin 
jtuoo % - due under *ui h & -ntrat l . « bethet 
tin- rifilatiiMt nf tin- 1'i'H!-:"!:- ■■: su, h 
. i.mrut u>-1*> the iiiiitr.u t'-r hi* amenta 
..i nr .iim -nh pi ifltt I' his 

ul nt- nt eniidj •• ■ s. NtijH'rM'il "ii belntU 
..1 tin ' uitcd State* "t anj territory, on 
tht OistriCt "f Cidutntda, dtatl ri-Lati' w 
u ttiit . i ti \ ji'ivntv mi; • i-i''l umtet M»J 
j in-.:-. !, ni sti j.tj.i: inn liii' in jirovideil 
anil •s ujinii i litvlitH! v\ In . It lit- shall 

in iU mji ami ' ertifj th •' li I"'' 1 ,;i . v 

Wa* till]" si'.i I I. i-"!l "1 aiii tt'it ill Ui't. 

■■ Ntrrbtitf; hi 'his a. : >.5ndla|i{d} to«ou> 
ti 1. 1- im tr. ni-; urUlioti '«J 1 "' «*t«ri 
.,..,1 much "' nil) w»itu ici iw i - 1" i"' r«'>- 

;.„.,,,.! 1. wa\ ii! tt ill-J nlt itinii, nr Inr 
Mil h in it- n.iN a- hi ' ■ ■ >BJtH) iMjttgh* 
in ..].. ii iii irltet, whetlwl (Wide i" WMii 
r..iin to inttii tit.il s-.r, in, aiimis ,,r imt. 
Tin j.i. .Ju l ..'In i r HO In ll lM "I" tin I'llitcd 
State*, lUJ tiititnt'-. "' 'h' Ihs'rnt nf 

Cfihuiibia, nut) waive tin- pr*>visiutt» mnA 

»tipu1ritiolU in this a. t {wwvideil fnr. as to 
poilU i. t-tni in 1 1 n ii \ nr naval «nrks nr 
Minnltc* ilmin^ tnm nf war. m a titttt 
when wat ia imminent. Sojatnaltj shall 

l„. ia.i, led fat \ mlatinits nf sin li inn 
\jsi.iiis d«« I" I'Mia.H. hilars l- l n i i yi-in \ 

cat** 'l ' s fire, f ' 1 "' 'hmusei m life and 

i«ropettv< SothittM l« lW» MX ~ ]uU 
cottatCMCd m rv|«a| "i tttoilif} chft|>t«l 153 
,,i tin lawn ••! tin i-ifiv sacnml Congreaa, 
apiirovvil An^ii-i tw)2, or aaaa »U«utpt 
to abri>lK« 'hi- innloohUj p*W«t e$ the 
Executive. 

• » • 

1\ Berlin, i '.I'l inatn . ni ailv J".'Hiiii-iihi- 

11, Mil ll.l is .III' "ll slliUl'. 

» * - 

'I'm tt.iili-s union* <>f SwiUcrland l»ve 
a t.iial ntemU'rahiii "f 4t»,3W. 

Tin Tororttt City Cniin il has nnlcred 
ihr Union Uhel t" \* J/iagvA mi the 
iniinii ipal lurtm n's cluthiitK' 
» » » 

KiattTand ninehoni Mil* are fighting 
their way in the lenWatiw halls. .f Auatria 
ami iierniany. Thci* countrhta aw not 
the Foremost "f imlusUrhtl countriea. 




\ST year's report of the Amal- 
K mi it' ll s,., ietj ni Carpentora 
ni'l Joiner*) i- just |>autd ( ami 
a tnOst iiisjnriiiv; record uf 
tm<It-itnioH*' succesatt makes. 

First as in nimi'-rii at and financial exjjan- 
rfon. llnrin^' la-l _ve:ir 5,: ;7 ineinhurs 
nvi r atnl ahove all ileaths, withdrawals, 
rxpitisions, laji-rs, etc.j were added to 
tin- wcietie** 1 mil, and over 1140,000 in 
' a-h «;i. sued. 'I'lir. membership at the 
••ml of the y.ir w.tsi,; ,7s | , , ( nd the reserve 
fund- nr rash tial nn i -in hand, .-iliinunli-d 

to f. ,1102, i*i s 'j. The increase in numerical 

■"' ".'ill : ' tin- u'uat, -t registered in any 
••I the }"nrt% -,, irs nf the A. S. C. J's. 
• \isi, i,, r. The h%*^eat jump in the 
balance in-hand figures however took 

place in when a sum of 5!-.',"J 1 was 

mlded ti i reserve. 
The total income last year was 575 v.- - 

and the eapenditttre *' 14.I7 5 ;. The main 
heads of expenditure came under the 
various benefits, t'nemployeo ,iay took 
*■ - " trade privileges" dis])ttte pay, 
etc.., 5-j.si ; . supurannuation, ptl,2 5, 

s- ■ i.tlrss pay. «!.7,i» r . funeral grants, 
$2 1, no iiletitl.em-fils, *t 7,47s; henevo- 

i' nt vr.uits.i j 1-"-"; tool insurance, 5'.4,- 
: and tpecial grants to own and other 

tr.nle-. }> Tin- "trade privileges" 

figure is the largest ever recorded in the 
history "f ihr Society, and was mainly 
piled up in righting attempt on the part 
ol employers to introduce new w irkinv. 
conditions »»iver*e t« Mtction "f mamher's 

111 tin- vadoUS parts ol tin "uited Km>»- 

ibnu. 

Superannuattun is likewise a very 
heuVi figure, the amount spent annually 
under thi* head having! more than doubled 
since >' 1 when the membership nf the 
union has increaned nttty fifty per cent, 

Nnmerous advantages in the waya of 
hours and wages were gained for the 
ii, in'iri's tbniughout the British Kmpire 
last year. In ItiS districts of Bngland 

nid Wales in, reasvil Wages were BCCUted 

in some cases amounting to uver a dollar • 
a week is at Bex ley Heath. Kast Dere- 
ham. Mi \h tin. (jOWeStaff and Newmarket 
but Usually ul >i nit half a dnllar. Ill 

twenty-three of these cases reduction of 

hotlrsaci "tup allied the ratsu in wanes- the 
bigge*t reduction taslnji at Boston, I,in- 
colliihire, where nine hours wi re chipped 
mi tin old week. 

in Inland two districts secured In- 
creased wages, Kolywota] and Dmagh, 
each of about fity cents pet week. 

Kighteen districts of Scotland secured 
a r.iis,- in wages the highest Kinghorn, 

a dollar per week. At Ayr the house 
1 .11 priileis and joiners secured a reduction 
of three hours per week. 

Ti n distriils of Australia ami New 
Zealand while ihe A. S. C. )., has 

branches, announce wane increases, in 
.,11 cases hut nne .he advance w is ft, SO 
per week, the exciptioii being half that 
sum. 

Only iwe district in the United Kingdom 
sustained a decrease in wages, Bishop 
Auckland, and herea half dollar was tin ex- 
tent of the rciiuction. Two district* had 

their hours lengthened Cheltenham in 

Bagtendand ICinghorn in Scotland - a half 

hour pet week in the lirst eaM and three 
hours ill the latter. 

Such was is, m. The present veur 
opened quietly, imt difficulties are gradu- 
ally cropping uo, ami iii BcoUnnd eapeci** 
ally things nn- begiuning to look Idack, 
Attempted rednctionaof wa K esare being 



tried iii several centres. On Good Friday 
a mass meeting of i,~no Edinburgh join- 
ers was held when the propfisition of the 

local employers to reduce the local union 

rate from 1 I to 17 cents was rigOIOUsty 
dehated and the firm attitude of the men 
at length forced a compromise. Both 
-ides agreed to a rate of 16 CCOta per hour. 
The masons are still fighting a similar 
propo s ition. 

At * llasgow the employers made a gen- 
eral intimation three months a>;o of an 

approaching all-round reduction of two 
rents per hour. The present rate for 
joiners at Glasgow i- -" rents per hour 
ami the men are determined to strike if 
the reduction he prrs-ed. Trouble is 

;iiso simmering at Aberdeen. 

Hlock flooring disputes nearly precipi- 
tated a serious conflict at Liverpool last 

week. The three national societies of 
carpenters and joiners after a united coti- 
ferein eof local branches issued a circular 
rimming the right to lay hlock flooring 

■ltd threatening a strike of all concerned 
if outsiders were brought in to do the 
work. The Master Builders' Association 
replied with a lock-out of 50 per cent, of 
all the carpenter- and Joiner* in the city 
and threatened to lock-out the remainder 
very shortly Unless the circular so obnoxi- 
ous to them was \ V ithdraw u. Consequently 
a great meeting "f 2,000 men was held at 
the Picton lecture hall to discus* the lock- 
out, etC. It was agreed that the circu- 
lar should be withdrawn tiK November, 
Hull. 

I.asi July representatives of the build- 
ing trade union- and of tin- National 
Association of Master Builders met 

together at Salisbury Hotel, London. 

to disriiss the basis of a scheme for a 
Sational Conciliation Hoard in trade 
disputes. The desirability of such a 
board wasagreed to by nil the conferers, 
and last month the m- u's delegates fore- 
gathered once more to consider the cor- 
respondence received lately from the 
Master Builder* upon this queMion. Here 
the matter came to a full stop. The em- 
ployers association would proceed no 

further uulesa tin trade would agree t [ > 
a money deposit as a guarantee that the 

awards of the Conciliation Board would 
• Li carried out. The tradr unions kilns- 

inn something of the working *>f these 
guarantees elsewhere rightly refused to 
entertain the idea, considering that suili- 
cietit security lay iii the votes of the 
unions and the a-smatice of the execu- 
tives. Hence, nothing was dime. 
♦ • ♦ 

Be Ye Not I titrates. 



The men who fought the battles inr 
labor, who make enemies of capitalists 
and corporations by what they do anil 
sa\, have trials CUOUgh to encounter 
without b un that they must also be on 
their guard against enemies in the very 
ranks of labor, who OUght to be their 
friends and supporters. Hut, while il is 
discouraging to know that: thereare crea- 
tines so despicable as to seek to blight 

the gOOtJ work of loyal men (and it would 

be difficult to imagine anything so utter- 
ably contemptible 1, it must never be for- 
gotten that lie sound sense and noo< 1 

Judgment *>i the nreat majority of the 

Whoring people can be relied upon to 
scorn the work of gossips, mid render 
futile the efforts of the falsifier win. would 
Willingly wreck every hope of labor's 
future, that in th" mi us they mi^hi find' 
some petty hate or inalire gratified.— 

Labor AVn i. 

— . — 

Til 1. strike I if tin mi fllUU tS in the I'nited 
State- Radiator Wmks, at Dunkirk, New 
York, whirl' has been in progress for six 
Week's, wassrtllrd last week. The strikers 
■acute their essentia! demands, including 
recognition "f the union. 



8 



THE CARPENTER. 



THE CARPENTER, 

OFFICIAL JOURNAL of THL 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

Published Monthly on the Fifteenth nf ea,t\ mop!h 
at 

Lippincott Building, U, N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. J. McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 



Eatered at th. Po.t-OfTke at Philadelphia. Pa , as 
»eeond-cla M matter. 

SuMemmoN Pwce i-ftfty caate ■ yut, in »j 

vane*, poitpaid. 
AdJrm ut Iciters and money to 

P. J. McGulPE , 
Bo* 884, Phlladelfhla, Pa. 



PHILADELPHIA, MAY, im 



Proceedings of the (ieneral Executive 
Board. 



Anui »t«, -ri-.i t;. )•:. « met m regular 
seiwioa .it the nfnctttl office on. above due, :>t > 
o'clock a m 

The S.-T. mid C P, !..iil l.cf.ue the Board 
comtnwuicattona showing thai l"ntona No* H, 

fit, :.|H. |i.s, PS rni.l 6W» li:u| withdrawn etic-ir 

delegate* from tin- Manhattan Mstfict Council, 
no definite muma or legal cause bi tinn, given it 
«.i- dpi •■!■ •! Hi u the ejenerftl Offi«el> -ti .nl. I pro- 
it-i.i t i New v,.ik. \i-it the unions tunned and 

BAgS mi the BUtttul .it Bill r. 

Tin- G, s T submitted copies, of cmntntruica 
Hon* regarding- application for chattel of r n 

by thi" New Y.uk Si ,ir Build' t- I'ni .it. It w:,s 

decided thai a committee <>r the Stall Builders' 
Union should J* invited In Hp] eat before the O. 
B», when that body visited nv« vorfc. 

The i; Jv II assenihle.l at the As!ilan,| H., 

New York city, ai rti» r. M. ami dispersed !■> 
visit nu.- various local uuions 



Builders' union, The o k b. decided u> tecum 
meadltilltecomitig nun. utie.ii Ihr. amendment 
□font taws -.■th.it i in- iHdivtdty nut) he men 
come, in tliv future 

The .imiiurh ut. lit ,.f i lie t k- ,..111 

nu need and net «,pi< .1 tin- Im1.hu . ..t -i -- (up 

Alan lliii Tin .unlit ..I Hi, I,..,. Is- was ...ii 

tintu .1 

CO) Ke*pl .11.1. 1. r ti..in |||, [l t' Qf N,.«,ilk, 

relative 1. 1 the strike «n* ,,-a.i and [kwtisde 
elded th.n Hroilm Liuie should M-it Srwark, 
Hith :i Hew t.. abtulnine a nettlemcnt >'t the 
difficulty. 

hiiithn- Mu« .111,1 Millet nvvi. Instructed to 

Vl»il rtih.li St) -'' \i Vt V..IW, by t.,;ui-t .1 New 

v..ik n c. 

Ai'Kti I in -The ii| jlK.iti.m of I hi li c i 
Scwttrk, N. 1 fin .in .!].]. i. i|.iijiti,.n was inii-l.l 
' i"i ii «.i- ihvidvd i»nppf»iiriittv ;\ Ouitonii) 
that .it>. 

The audit i»f the hi*>k» wa« contimtetl rnrthe 
ImtMBee >•) i!i, nuiruiitfi -.— mh 

A I' ll tit, mi mi- received ii..m i ni..n So. 
( imoire n. j. , t -kin>; ti.i .in ttppt nptintum of 
f ml Tht- u]i]dii.Ktt<?ii vnu laid i. .it tiriidiiiK 
receipt ol furthct liiforatxtion. 

I'ht- ■ppflctllitiil nl' t in. .lis Nn. 27d an.l TL'i: 

Vi.'iki is n, v.. for Miitiri.il .u.i «.is ttranted. 
ThetS »:. it. ovptnpri*!' ,j |> U »i, m ;m ,., ,],,. 
iih.ni nuionn 

The uppth-4tiiMi ii. in the ikitunjtti ..i l'l. nv 
roran approprintiun t»> miraorl theSi niemtwt* 
..ii -iriki in Mount Wmon who grunted t'ii. 
i'.. 8, n. donated tlie *Untvl fW i"i the '» nefii 

tin members ..ii -tnki- in M- nnt \ . nil. n 

riu- ajipticotiuti |-nh^n \.. i:i. [tdiet, HI. 

Pur MttCiioil iiml Rid on peAntnl. Tin-'. I II 
decided lltnt the < irtditton* nut nrnrtwni tltein 
in Kiviuu -..in |i<«n, 

The api.ticatint) ..r th. i>, c .., , ;.,| V . it>nt i-.r 
official tBtnction sad liiinneUI aid w>i*ft»Anted 
Amount ..i aid i" I* drti mihted I .t'-t •>» 

The applicntiun i ai<tt Stum k , in. 
fnr eancthiHnnd aid » - n-ftincd ;in-.. i.n 
decided thai >■ iHlittona ..!<• ttltl i.i^ .r..'i.- ! i rn 
fotvinjc ihi detnaitda 

Theapplivfltlon o| ("uiooNo j:.. t>khtb«>n>a 
t.'it> Okl«., i..i asnctioti and n\t\ w «. tu— .i Tin- 
'..i-:. n. betieve thai the efTorrn ,,t the I'm m 
slu.nl. i i.i , in, ded toward* taorr ttiMrr>ai()t ntg m 
ixatimi. 



Ai'Hll. llli ii. - Th.- Hunrd c ir, fiill> rvttitldeted 
the !<>cal *(tti«tion. fuina So :r:, .xit- n. in 
tint havittK complied with (jtiMtiun rt,of achedutc 
of Inqnlriea, Iheirapplicolion n u- laid over, and 
the I .. K it advhn naatiHinewenl ..i tht it .1. ■ 
mnnda until • oiiditioun are mure favornlde. 

By appointment .tht- Hoard received brother 
John Flndloy, of the Stall Builders relative rn 
KT.intiiiK < h:irtrr tu tiint body It wu decided 
tu issue charter tu tin- stair Builders at s> w 
York city and Brooklyn subject to lews of the • 
i'. B.;oa per action of tin u i: B . Inly r, i-n 
The Board adjonrned tu \ t-.it L : nCoas \„ 
and m, 



Ai'Hit iini -The members of the <; i: n 
Hsseini.i. .| nt - a m and proceeded to the tien^ 
end Office at Phil idi Ipbia. 

The Basrrd Rnx-ired lohn flennetl sad |o«eidi 
n Allen, tepreaentfuir t'hilitdelphia u r . ■. ,„„ 
Befttiuf plans foe nnlfk-fttioa ■.( the Buildinu 
Trades .if Philadelphia. 

Arm I'.'m - Afii-i fuiii.r . ..ii-i.i.t:,ii,,„ ,,, 
the sitiiiiii .ii in n, w v.. tk, the K. B ftrdcra 
•aid in.nl- i.i eomply with turn ir ; , ,,| 
CoitaUtttlioa prliH to April Wth. Pailnre locum 
ply with Utw ui. 1. 1 shall subject n,, ,„ i„ ,i ie 
penalty preacrlljed m s,,ii,.„.,; .,t PoartltnUon, 

A .-..1111111,,. i. stton from the D ( -,i Memphis 
nb.ii K «iiii , ,,t nut, , tn. hi MihmlttNl t.. | he 
bos*esss»oth»Uori und nil rorrrap htwebtai 

liij; nu the in ,it i j,, ,,,„ .(i,,,, „ M 

The sppeal .,i Mlclw fkoMu auainsl the 

declshmof the .. p it , th , i:ls<1 ,„ tt9Kkuu , n 
w. then. C ui se« Pork, mum austaioed, and 
the Q, H. ii dirts i that hi- sppval shall be heard 

Thcappetdol i. r So Wl.ajraln»lar|eeision 
* e in Ihe eoseoi troton No »t 
ne;. inst L'nloti So. trW arm s .m | „,„, lhr 

,l " W t 1 n- i, en Pikj „ H ,, 

Wiesppealol i:.„i Pnd«en turrilnst « decishM 

'.I the C„„ I'l.s i„ i|„.,. „, lP11 . , J c (jf S( 

I...llis , ,„. j.,1,,, |t,,„||„, U tjM t) .j,. l |p) | 

0, K, II. sltslMIIUillhiiU, ,.„,„ „f tht ,; ni j,, , K 

Aran. ISril, The nj«e*l of f, , N „ W 

Kansas City Kan ,nKnlu*t dixisioo of the tien' 
Pn» in th. ease of s. V, Sawyer .,;,„. union 

1'ei «ii, J,,!,) in'. | 
' n "' »PP««1 of fseotge nit,,,-, „,„| „, hrrs „, 
Union So. i ( , Buffalo, s V .aipilnatadMaloaof 
the Oen. Prrs was rejected, and the decision of 
theOen Pres. sustained 

The appeal of Uttioo s . HSotcalnat ,i,-, iHi„„ 
of theOeo Pres. in the case of John m 
n«ninst BaioM Ro. IS was rejected and Ihe 
decisii.ii .,f th,- ceo ptea was sustained 

The Ceil. Pres. suhi„itte,| „ report In refer, tiee 

t<. the dlfncttltiea ealsting in rian Prauclsco 

l«.'twe^-.i the memlK is „f the (7 and the Ship 



A, -KM ITilt The appjj, itt. ,it ,,. | alotu N . . 

• «•? .ind usi...t si,,,,), t.-o. s i fux uAvial - ui. 
ti'.n tad lin.ui. t.,i ,: ! viio read Tin ... i m 
-.in. th ui .1 tin- atovi meuti '.m do n. t ifunrant, ■ 
fiuani ial aid. 

'1 In up; ] i, .iii.,11 ,,j | i,i.,„ v , ||,, S«hew»»'tad) 
N. v. w.i- nw ««ed ir.. ii ,i- the Inftwmalbm 
Kiven >'■•■'- not ijftet \. Ii U the fa is. 
The .i| plii allot] ..t Vninn n.i IM fur official 

s.iiKii.,ii «ns Iftfluled I. in the Board .h, [HA 

wunt .nit. i ttnvni ini ni I 

The Ii, . it],, ti, ,.f I-,,,,.,,.. \,, ,- () |, ,^ rtl j„, n 

Iowa, and \>/,, koi k htland. Ill for official ann 
Hon and Baancud old, were irratttrd The 
ftmotuttui finatu ial ,,.! inbeilrtenninnl i.n. r on 
The application <.i the n. c id Bostim Mass 
r..i olBciftt sauetion ai I Rmuidal aid, wn* laid 
qm i for more definite inftmnal Ion. 

The application! of fnlana n..s l 1 H and |js 
ttavantinh, '.-i foroffh tnl sarc thin nml flaam 1 ,i 
ni<I, were t, . ivtl ; th>me intiuus nut ha\iuu 1 • -n 
urimulsed , snlSi i. ttl I. nnrh of time 

The oppUcnliuii ..f r so aj», rthrevpiwirt 

I,.,., fm oiB< Ial sum ib.n iud finam ial aid a ui 
conxlilered lnn«muth ;i- thrti deniniids have 

been fpmtied, H it dhl t,..i deem it u, ,, . 

sarj t,. ink. any at ii,,,, 
The applications of Unions \,.s H&tnnd 

Minnltaatioa, \. v , fra mfh mi M j,,,, , w j 

ntMaetaJ ai,i, were irrunied The nmowm of 

Utl nhi t h v rnlni d hthn oti 

the appll, iiiuu .,i r „ \,, _■• w ,, tl , k| ,. t 

M.is- fm >.ui. ial s:,ii, in i, ;,i„| itftaiii ial aid, » 
' l " 1 'i- "i« Ktiiiutta do », . in to be 

la\.,|al.|. |.,, nwktnn 'hi nun. iiieni 
t AWM1 l"i II I h. sppl loft o| I ill. ,o S., 

kWI, -i A" ns, Wrnp/M, I n.. ial aomtlun 

u " «' »td » * rrji 1 1. .| n,, .,,,,,„ 

belnfl IncompMi and Uwli demand* nnrea«. H 

Ilhle 

Than H ii unnnitn.iii.iv decided U» Itmroct 
th.-,, a, t i,, Issue a call to all kseaj uulunsto 
rah on nn asaenatai nt ol 29 , . m- per nnrmht i 

The application of Union Nu. pat, ynlncy 111 , 
j..r ., itn ial aattctiou sad fiaaavtat aid; was 

KtaOtCd, Th- line. mil .,( : „,| w |„. ,, Mminr(i 
Ial. i on 

The application of Union tin, u.Uenver.Coto,, 
roi official aattctlon ami fiuaavjal aid, was 
ajrattted The ammtnl of Bttam la| aid to ut 
determined laiei . 

Th.- application ..r Union So. W, tlamlhon 
Out., fm- official aanctlou and financial aid » ,- 
ajranted, The omounl of Buaucial aid to u- 
detei mined bjrtej nn. 

The appltcatiou Unions son, W and tu 
»aK»naw, Mich., for official sanction and finan- 
cial aid, were granted. The amount ui financial 
aid to be determined later. 

ThesppHcatloaof fi i Hv. St, Treoioa \ j 

for offie lal sanclhui ami financial < was cntv 

»Hswr.i. The fj K, B. approve the movemeiit, 
but do nut promiae naancUl aid. 



\ communication iud lehnsram a - iol 

by {he tl.iitd lK>m the H t . i i 1 . . , .• . . ( 

slatiniiiit of (hi csiatlOH I'fttulntuHs there md 
wnsdnhj tnawiM-i'd 

Ihe j ..i | >e I - in ili* I ,-t Si l.'o i- III !.. I. ,.ut 
nili l.ikiu up t..i , . it- 1. 1, a .it i ■ -,, knit tuc 

lucauptetc, the) wcti l.iHiitvei bn luithrt lufot 

m. llli. 11 

Y)k flpplivatton e»t t'unai No I" licit; S \. 

fnj si i ike jinx |. .| in, it who h III ' .. ■ II IJT'Weil utl 

stf; ike ».u ..I..., tut ..i in ubjecthniHlite Itopeiifi 
ten. I. ut w ,- ir.,-, ted. 

Oimmirati it but was received (mai I alow N.i 
';|n Sen \ < nrk,«tating theii n isous hu with 
itrnwirqi thru ilvtrawte Bom Moid iitau N i 
Tin fbsird kvuleti to iiu'.tfj them o| the i lion 

t.lk.U .it a |.l.vt.ns inr, itn^ |(| telittri Unit 

ileiegate timh't pennltt ti'.» .1 in lion 

The npldtvathut .it Union No il>. lodlaefsiri 
i'..nt, , t-.i mh. timi .hi. I fin mil! rtfd, Has 
sltaiitut The 1 It, I,-, urs th, lie nneni 

and th. in , it. -i ,.i financial .i i wtll ' detel 
BJilnetl l,i.i 

Uommillti ill- -lis «rt,- re. ui It. mi tliel, l' ,.| 

Buffithi ami the li t uf tivra>ti*e relative tu Ifci 
adupttiui ..( , 1 nbm i its t n mill w-.tk 1 1 h i* 
ilechhrd lltnt thi mattei '<■ referred wthe nest 

I*. .tiv, III i. -11 

\w: h ut a rnmtnuuli id u ft >m ' ijiou 

Nu IT N. w V.. Ik i ii i Bkstnsj it tt .■' ,i ; • e 1 1 

Inthenevt I'i.ih. n ||u it .1^,1,1-1 .!. HUiUI .'I BtS 

11 i: It , in tin- »'.e.i -.; .-\ri , .,», BlS tht I 
;>liii . ,1 u n lite 

A comtnunkattott fr>mi I tt Keni chuhman 
ut the ii t i i n-. Svii asking! t .m 
HpT<n>i>riation oi j£utt) fat urgiutuing putvanw 
seas read rhe i5 i it endur*e,l ihe t. : ;. a] 

llu-r. S T , ptevioital) m i le 

A coiumunU/ttrmi smsmvt . .1 tt .a tlie p . 
>,f N'-w Vurk •itggesttiig ihai s'wtol ««-#-. 
mem '" b^vfeil <ut all tnem hers (the organ i><i 
"■"I far tin :.. ti. '.t if the ntembera on stitk. Ig 

Chi iit<< tin omit i a'l i, w is ordered 

:..e,i ,s siiiit;„i , t,,.„ i.,,] i , ut 4 

pren , in. , itug 
Tin repot) ■ .i i k Miy, . , lei ,.. 

* 1 W'tTkl 1- r .,ir. ii w .- ti I I, lt 

i hkw| that ih. wiu.:.- atatiri i- fi ... . ,i , 
in m Lutm nii a 

a tommuni ut .ti w ,- 1. ,,i i,,,.., i | , 
Honolulu, ui !• ■ ion t . tin i v\ •, 

•■is' .ui dug ., . arpetitt ;s u „, ,„ F , ,. , k w 

.1. . ; T..1 i . tefei '' is m i t. ,,. .,, , 

ii-n 

Th. ilppll, tltirti ' Pin .„ So ['• i i HI 

'"t "i' ial - .a. hoti wd U* us i il .,|.t ,„ » 
Brawled Th.- rn. .iiui ■ ■ ,,, , ,| ,(4 tu is 
,|i t, i ,., in, . i tii, i i a 

A . i.iiitnuni. it |,,o wasrvn-ivtdfl BI lllr 1)1 t 

-i i.u.ii- a- k i it ^ * ■ -r a, ii«pioprmtt<mioa(d their 
kwrahen n .ink- i!„-., |; n ,|,. , , ,,. (| , 
, lun. i nu ii .| Tw* Hum. ,t,.i .| .:i | H ,,, ,.y ,,, 
rora itdtnl 

a ■ ummuaii n >n » , ,, t „,,„, , „, ,., 
n.i u. s. u kochelle s v. iakiuKf>» m appro 
priatlon in rat> nn a oa strike , h* , . i it 
dotuiied the sum ..t fM m 

\n applli wtion » is ir , ,v,,! .,.„„ Ni> -. 

Pur- h ster, S v (,„,•. i-,r s : „, tlon nnd mi,,,' 

.? TfceC ' 9 ' 4t " , " lt " ■*» " :r - «' ' 

sppli ation i i lamdlna fttrtbi i infotwaliurj 

The 1 ,-t -i i.. ... tn ltd t f.i.i ... rt it. tu ii,, 

'V Id" - «■ is . . , ,1 i.ik.-n up rln K i: 

■ it»ns tin- mu.s ,„, „, ,,„] ,,„. ||rf iit 

1 1 11 'W will i „-,.!, ,. .i latei ihr) i 

Ueputy Ii ,s made ■, h pnn on the oi itn , 

1 In. I,. iliog in,,,, { IM j ( ,„ ,;.,,],. , 
offii i ,l ,,,„, ,,,,,1 ,,,,.,„, | , |W wt)9 t (k> ^ 

Inasmuch an the nmt tei nod hewn catlafa torlly 
s. ti>,i ae ai tloa w at mfci a P) t!,,- < . i n 
Tip ippllcntlnn of the ft i , .i sunPtam r«oi 

Cai , Was take,, tip in ,„„„. n ,s ||,, ,., 

had been soitsfsdurtlj settled , ,, .,„ „ „ 

I 'k'n |») t lie l , | )> 

I niihr, ,,, mi ttunhwtlon «■ ,- „., ^iM ,„ renard 

■'"nn, m !■.. k Bdnad and m , „,. ,, 

n " '• "I"' lo - ,,n „„, 

awl ihr niait,., ,,, 1 .,.,„ / ,,„.,„.,, iiM w|| , 

d< t. i i nu. .i lap i on 

, A ' "" '' hi' N„ 

i ,ii Kim. afaas rot 

fitwni ial aid was laid ovei i.., turthei ,,,i.„ 

luall', n 

The <i,[.ii, nu,,, of the i> c , n| hrookiya H v 
'"' ■o'l iiut, sad fluauriai aid' was 
RTauterl ti„ amount ol finani ial aid to be 
tletetmiued late 

The applk .re .a ..j i ui,,ii n„ ut, ,,„ nffi, |.,| 
s in, nun and finamlal aid was considered Tin 

' ' " - "" 1 ■! tin moeemi at i.m deferri A 

iicthm mi ii, c \ tin .a. i ,i ; ,„j ,„„!, 

furtbei prugresa i- made 

TI,,- applii niion „i , „„,„ Nl , KrI| , is|)ji 
Wis., for offislnl «« net low ami Snnn. 1st aid 

'"" V. li decide. , „, ' 

««Ppor»a( ihe preaem lime, until the demands 

lie in... llli, i| 

Allheio,,,,,,, Oirni. ni.il,,,,.,,!,,., aaessWofl 

S, r .;.u,; '' K'ain „,,„„ y1 , ^ 

* r*T" ■-•ive.i irom i „(.,„ 
- hadlanaiudU Iud , staling thai thett 
mow men) had been enHrelj succswafnl 

, /'I''' 1 '-" if Union W.Cerla, Rapkia, U, 

lur uncial siiiirllun noil nonmlal al.l, 



rrirstel that Ix si) u, t | , ,,, 

«'"• thl I 1. . i suit,, ,,-,„ .,, 
I he appiti Oil n ,,| id, |,,, ... 

I'M oil .1,1- in. [(on .,,,,1 , 

-'•h '' d I |Om Ih, luflrfUl.llt,,,, 

nu ,i. .„ fnnjj t i, , „ ,., * 

"i' 11 Hi' B \ i. , 

in ,11, , 

IT.e ,,|fll 111.. I, .,| I ,,, ,, 

S ] I it,. I il -nn, i ji ,n ,,,,1 . 

n ,ui. .| The a, i,..., nl ,, t ,, u ( 
,h I, , n, ii, . | ',i,-, ,,, 

a • rifutuunti iiton and res 
eeiveai algunl hj s, .. ,i ,,,,, . . 
town f. ,,i.-tih • ;„ tmtsti q |, , 
th. .Mat, ,tj lowa to mam • 
l " "-"i <"' urn tntsti 
U. I ii id ided thai tl.rlr t, 

,inli .1 



""'ii . I„| 

01) |, ,. 

* ■■ ■ „ 

I ■„,.,, 
1 «> II,. 

1 ""-..„ 

'■■ !«■ 



I I 



Ji-t ih. appeal 
. liiist a .:. . |s(uu <d i i • . 

w IS ,. f| ,ir,| , . ,„ „ | ,, . j,,,,, , 

'■ »'• " 'I'' 1 ided ih. . 

bun in •! Mtars t.. ,|..„„i^,| , , 
onl men in I ,i-, -a l^mtts i;t 
i In Board i ibman .it'. » 

'i 'Bars i I-, it,, i 

. 'tarQce s 1 

* n„'i. t. ,.i i ins homtp I „.,. 

i w.,s in ide , .s,,j . . n ,,. 

lb Ml li S I 

\ i .."ut, ,,,,,,i was ,. ..; , , . 
. > ^ it.., ,, ,wn \ ^' „.•, 1 1,^. , , 
|hi |1 M 11 " ! tn ikllfg ,'i r.. 

I ■ - In in I tide . : . , 

Hi' I ti. ■, I, .. . 
1 ' I II ' .'Hi' l prnhi I! mi Hi 1 . 
line a- , t • "i |a>k itIO . u H ,, i. 

. -.Ml!'., t With III 1SI it ill „ . , . 

V mm. int. |tl ti w .i-t, , | , . 

\.. n. i,,, mj ih\ , . , r. • • 
s,,, v ,,, ., IH | , . 
»n Ihem p . . . j ,, , , , , r . f) . 

■ all ii ' T .1. . -.! | ,1,,, ,, „„ 
•I * ' a ;■:> ■..,•!- ti,, ■, , r uwej . - 

fh ' ' ' •>'' ', . lhr Jii , i 

"" ' - • d • u.i • ti .,. . . 
'be ■ i ■ . m .i Ban <■■■„ ,.• . 

I t lhr | I I 

J' 1 " ' ' ' iitttn nf I ni.., i .s., i | , 

M !■■•■','. ., ,,. ,, ,„,, . „ -t 

. ' kgi I file i in lUHi , ... .,' 
in it* i - ,i,i , ,., 

, , . ,, , , rend 1 • ai 

- ' :n..' • Id ut . i ,,,o , ,, , . 
" ' 1 ii agrtemeni wll 1 1 r . . 
"'' ' ' dub I . ing | ,«,.•- 

1 1 l| ' •• .... . tt ., ,., .... . 
"■■ l.'B ii m >■ \ wdl be »., .. 

in., i itteaanii h t- id ,n.,, , , ■■ 

llaelrl ', 1 , . -. ,, 

Thl ! '. )•„.,». ..„ *, , - , . 

»Sh| I.,,.." „ .., ,„, . 

f "•!"! i bt tu .it. , I -n .., i .: 
i ik, » ,,■ ,t, ■ , ., ,m a, ,. | 

| '"' iPJ ;i "' "i "i ' i I ■„ \ 
■eB • for nil Ial am Hurt w .«r> i ■. 1 
'h ■ " Inn i' - in On ippjt, ,tt ... 

The ... ; ti ifoai t i ,,.,.„ ji , i m 
M "i i f -ni. i ,i - m ,,..„ ,„,, . ,, , 
" " i l»d i t,. . . i it , , ... | 

'•< lho«. . ... |HV 1 1 ,. . 

•■' Ih* ni". ■ m- nt in ■ ,i. , ,,, . , ,., 

t ■ .iiiiiiiin' .1 : .,. ,i , , , , ,, 
N " ; r*»«» IJ ■ Iks M nn s, „,,,,.. , 
' " ,,,M m llieno - I 's, ,i , if, . ,, ; 

, ' llli , I., |s ,, |L ,| . m 

S . .11 r 1,1 ;.r.|| |M 1 1,. |, , , | . 
II. .Ml . ,1. , ... ,|„ l.|- ,,, 

I.I',.' ui.) 1. «. ;.|i» m is ,, |i ,,, ,1 ,,, , i , 

1 apts „i ,,j i: \ Rgfja . i „■ ii 

Hal 1.1 ,. N V u is ...„.,, |, ,, ,j , |, 

■b . i.i. .i in «i,si i |a iii, ,i, , ,,,,,,,, . 



I Ills 

- 



« IV 

I. 



t ' I 



lhr 



x 1 ' ' 1 ~ : " 1 ' 1 mmunb itlon « .. • 
" w the ft, I at y t u v.,. n i 

1 ' I H I.' I'M 1 1 ., i „|.,. , ,,,, ,,, , g 

■ . May i n tie .I.,,!,, i ,,i > ,, r 

• .' inn shops in, i „ii otign • . 

noas furnished bj Ihi nam, I haw I ■ * 

era furotah ihe aanir m-i. ml i itt i 
«li ■ Ided that the muvi ,u> ,,i i- run 
dir., n ai ami trtMi) ihr Ii i , will '■■ 

in cam in.- H mil 
a .milium, ,,,.,„ t ,,, s nmd i, in I i 

'■' ■ n i ,ii.. pi iheatriki u II 

s, Imtnte havituj i« • ti m m i . this 
K H . in.. HtMlde I., ink. anj avtl'ii 
mall, t hill in ,-t i „,,,„ s,, |,| ,„ l( ,., 
lul in ibeii dvmatida 

A i 'iinminin ,ti, „ «„s pro i.e.) H m 

Kidd ol in. IfttHlaaraated w i w r 

l,w ' |,hiiul ..I n on ml.. , ..I . 

isrgenisatlon against ih< octkm "i • • ' ■ ll 
I'ailon ..i ii,.- r ii , in \ i, ,,„. i oi«, 
Jei i was referred to the t» s f i, i ie • -"n" 
Hun 

Apfdrcation was -, ,n in fot the l 

having Ihe phu, ,,( l i ai vrtil i< ,11 ilwti 1 ""' 

* lam. ui. pg , i,, 1 in ,| ir . 
sabmllted i" a general vote -,i ihe uru 
accurdfng In s,-, , .,, th, Constllnl 
man. i was refef red lo thi ti fi T., '■ ' 1 I ■'" 
poa* uf obtaining lu.thet Informallos i ailbc 
fniu, is OMkitUj ih, affplk, s 



ti in 

SlsiWl 



nf 



to !»' 

ii, 

The 



..-a . . .. , -^aaaaaaaBojiaii,— 



THE CARPENTER. 



9 



General Officers 
<.t iin' 

Unit, Brotherhood of Car- 
s titers and Joiners 
of America. 



OFF 

I 'pi' 



OF GENERAL SECRETARY; 

I', .,. ling, 46 N. fwejflh Street, 
Philadelphia, t'a. 



QINDI It FRIJID«I»I. 

w Ht >' W*VV<I) Si . Vmikri*. S V 

b*l secflBTAnv-TneAsuRan. 

( , 1 ikl. V Bfea n«, PftUiMpMa. Pa 

FIRST VIOI-FMJIOtNT. 

WK • hAll *. Ill I W 1' .k St (.hit.^., in 

f .;•.:» fCI FUfSlUtNT 

W M A kosSLlV. s City V|«* Avrnu*. 

Ge-ncmal Executive Board. 

t 1 Irn <• f .r the (1 I B. mm! M Started 

. . tji snifun treasurei 

j»V M I AM , M 1 • ' " Ul ■" s '» 1 1* 

Mil I I C. f ,4 S. T«,i ,f Jtr , Sl I ru|«, MO 

A >.!lfMUL, 1 . , W WU, ft. SM I' . 

I M ■ . 

.. 'A m / 141 Pw*n»* tt. HartforJ Coaa 

'A A ll HAMS Mtltt v . Allan u. C*. 



• . ", ll \ . - r- 1 *»l !'•! I 

W I" W ' ■ .1 - . ' .( I M»] I 

■ . tiitttoit* m mhhtvih n w»*.t* itn* if*<u 
>' . 'i 1 ^ i s 111 1 1 1 ■» ' 1 1 . 1 1 • 1 ■ I U 

•' I .1 -.III- Mot] HI-' VII ill 1 |1 ..1 1 

■ 

\ • M| MM !»■ ' ' »''! I| 'II K IfftAAt I :l\ 

>. || Ill .'• M< I. ,•« »»..»» Hi'. !. id . ■ll' - 

<■ f ■ in n ige* ,,:t I M*VtOB I it lite 

. 1 1 theft n 11 The l» tattf rf« dta] thai 

■ ■ . • .k» 11 in ■■ in tBHiit'i b* tip 
; • • l'i> hilt] Ni ' • "• 1 'til nm! t II 

M • I • ' 1 If • 

1 III itlnf] » »- fi rl • ■! 'T in tit* I 1 '- 

1 «■ ■ i it > ••• ill* \ 'n • . itti i'»- : — • ■ \ ni 
. : ■ - .' 1 1| 1 , 11 nd II 1 iin, ' list 1 tit' 11 
■ ■ ■ in ■ •', 1 n'-t in tin iu*«iiU*4» 

11 m the 1 1 <• k 1 "-'t 1 I I lit! 

A !• fl I !• ! I H ■■ I . «. I fill »• t 

' ■ • '. I 1. ;.p i|t . ■■ w k I »' I'J 1 '"- 1 • P- 

.; . ti r nt"i>"u ..1 1 mant . I'rfituxn ,n 1 

M.i iii.ti'imiil'i tin Id ill .11, uldrtril 

I 

rgraas t»at n • I " 1 '■ : ■ •' ■ m*tit« 

I ' -Mill: .'I « I- ,'l « Hi* » , H — nil kpp#ul 

■ 1 1 1 * 1 1 . 1 1" - 1 in •• 
1 ■ ; !■■ 1! ut I IbaI '11 . . n*l 1 bed* 1 * 

II . 1 ,111 |'r. «, hi tin ill A-i-Mii « . 

I s.i Hi. «... ilitMH Flu «• M i> 

t> ■! ti. .ii I tor 1 ,1. t.tw '1 1 . ' tic 1 ■ I' i- 

I .III. I -u»t lltl III! I' 1- "II I' '! '' "''I '*1 

1 ■ finrwi tun if -!i .* h 1 11 .- 4 t ..•.*' t .ii r .ti i» j>n 

■ «• . , ii - ,11, . 1 1 1 |.i \i .i % . r % 1 . 111 ■ ii' Ii .11 w ■** 
1 ,• n i .1 . 11 1 .1 h [...it nMifc .in 

I 1 1 l|| M||. || l.ltl . » I . ■ ► . ' t .111 I 1H \l « 

■•' |l. I »t,.l in,. Unit A K' 11 1 il •" ' ' Ii lit I" ' II 

■ " i\ .111.1 i»». 1 m !■ 'i in ■ t'- hi 11 . 1 if 1 1 Ri 

I I ..t ii.(.T-»'.r liir Uttll'll r ' 1. » "k I' 
1 lilt 1*1- 'If 'li.'nir III inilllV nn tu-IIiil ,i|.J.|'« 

1 ...II, 

1 • MMMtn i'i"iti » 11 m 1 I' >)' llM'll.H 1 
' i' li> ttu 1 t'nl<-M|iu •ttnali " iw 1 1 f " 1 1 ' 1 

• IMl U*lt) 'll'l .II.'.' ■ - H I ' • 

^ uinmvnl nilnti « i- t> 1 It*0 hunt 1 ntonn 
■ MMIng thui tbj -mil 1 hmn .l..in..i 

Ull 'el I h.-s h*i| l»-< 11 »n l.il in , mi in.- ill. 11 

l|' HI HI.S 

' Upp ill .it Id. Ill ,,| \ H \ .Ik ,1^ 1 1 ■ » — t 

'i 'I'.iM.iti ni thr <■■ I' in llti r**«* "i Cb«». 
'• ; >i ni.i j.,hn Kim- ' • Hi' s.w \..ik h 

.«« 1 ..n»u|. |. ,| l li.- 1, 1 11 lUMtlkltM 'in- 

! ' 1.11 "i Hi. 1, j'.i.. tin . \n ni .1 lag unv 
M " l. > pay ii. 1 ,1, ii ..1 1 in tout ii. i>. 

Al'HII. i-VTU. -Hue m..ininw *»*>l « M l« n<Vli 

1 1- 'i 111 1. ■• 1. w in W ii,, rpT>»rt* <i| itw irtjc«Bl**«i 
' ' ni. Imi ii,,.., monltM 

• i" iiiipln iii-.n 1.1 i111.11 So. I.W, I'tnlnffelil, 
1 1 KcUl (anction nnd IwinifHlnW * w 

• 11-1.1. t.,|, hi. <, 1. it MiwctlutH 'tw mww 

'"' in, 1. 111 iiH tin- i|i ni ,,i.U urc |.i tu.ilU MM* 1, 

'lo 11.. 1 iSrcm i| m i.-.,,, i v iu miiimi 1.1 iwrtnlaW. 

x 1 ' 'in In nil ii ill i. .11 km f . niv. il I mill I lli "ii Ko. 

MtnpUtnn, H l.conuiitlttfl Ittfomwiiofl rrf* 
in. Ma sitiki- eom]itl«n< In lb*l • m 

Th» ap|iHc«ili>ti ,.1 1 , 1 Ko. Ktt, IHica N. V. 

wt oliiiiui haucI in. 1 RtniHcinl Hl«l< *mbi 

RtviHnt. The amoiitll nl »hl lo In [tctrrtu ' 

inti-i .,11 

A Ummh w»« rmd 1 1 .,iit i„ r. n... >i. si V«* 
^"y, "tmiiiK they ii-.,! •!. . 1.1 eumpty wttK 



'in. I r^i u r 11 tli^ir .>ti>. 



lli' 1 mil i ..t Hi. . . 1 
l', it. 1.. 11, r [1 1 

1 '" •'''•''" ,,; '" "' rtttllMI S >. III. Uwreoi r 

m.is. i..i ..tr. 1 v.,,,, ti-.n ,,,1,1 in, Iini ,. ( | ,,„. mtt% 
'"'"i" 1 "i 1 11. hi, i,,: in ,] (., ),,. 



1:' 
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1 1» Hffili I'. 11 -.1 Hir ii 1 , .,( AtbHti*. r.f. . 

" : ' "J '* >' Il'tl-.M <W I . V. ^ 1 1 ..II «n„„ 

A • .1111111 mi, Hl> 11 H \r, i-n-ril ftu m I, I', \,, 

*' 1 rtofi'ni'i fan \- «dbF4uIr iif iniiririra bun 
t^'ivetl 'I.'' '. 1: it were kitMM« |g ink" 

II- H','1 t !:. l| i;,..;, .,| 

A ' WnitoHi .it ,11 urn mrivril [r..tn | ]'. 
i.t:vi" tiatint tii«i tii. . it[,.;nr,s in iiAuttna, 
'i" 1 .1 1.. m — . , ■ , -.tui 

All lf>|.1l '1 ', w .s .1 .»■,'. njOtn l ni .11 S.i, 

' lunrllb ill i in icitBt> j>-)uk inwrnjilvt*. 
"• 1 -i 1 i-.'i m w ' ikm '.>• ti.. ii..-it.i 
1 -' 1 "■-' 'i ' ii iftina 1 1 rimtitmi.in 



lll'.tln; 

Ihfltro .,t "i^ Imi i.,i .... .m i f »|.-t>-ii.l. 1111 i>» 

Hi- --r.| ,11.! ; 
I I, iu III. , utile I 



-hi . n •.iiiiflVitifi 1., tbc r., 



A 1 mi _'',iii \ 1 . .in 1 f 1 i ii i . it.., ti ,m« rci-WviM 
it in t 11, .ti Si, til, h.i nif t vWa., kHI»k uMi 

• 1 nil Hit- .1 111 it ! .11 ,> tii Ih.ri ;, r ..»'^, i« it| tb« 

1 1 1 1 tin m mi M11 iiil 

ll*J«ninUtll n « n ir . n-i-il fit. in Cm., 11 \-.,. 

' 1 ' ' ' 1 tb< H ', . I il* 1 I '1 1 m;.!v wttli ihr 

•■•■!''' ' ' '' ' I ■ I I' 1 r. Hun lln-tt .|.'l.-..,iir (., 

(t.t 1< 1 

I lllllllllll ili .11 IK HI t'-'-r.l-.l lt"IM Ctllnll 

'■ ■ '•• >• f»Uii'l HI 1 •intinif tfcnl .1 ui t-ify 
1 ' ■■ 1 . ■ •■■ I 'iy ttlris hi. I th«| K<M vi thru 
"i- m ' ■!.■• i .1 1 k nii li'i liir in w . >,t|<|iti',nH. 

ijijn il M.- f ..• :•■ tn i'tn..ii No 2 ", si 
1 - m i^,;-i-i 1 dvculou nl Hi"-', s v in 
it > i«* ol ' in. .11 N<i J ; <*< .,■ cm. .11 Su M, 

I I iv III the itoeMoti '.I lite <• > r *>*» 

ft ' ' 'I kl I ». ■■ '■ r I* - Ml. nil. ill n| t 111. tl \ ■ . iS'»7 1AHM 

•■.1*1 ,1 

l««^tnintitii iti 'ii %s ,i* te. .'L\ , '-i! it'. tn 1 iii'.tiN'ij. 
i'* i>. .- i.\ t unit uittaliun t.. IttAu^fil. 
t i. 1 ■ 1 isht 1 ill tlaj uii M 1 1-1 

i .. ,1 ■.! tii'- 1> l 1! 1 ri; ;>li- i rruk , 

i ' a .i» iiiMtti t.ikrn u;. S 1 * 1 iftfot! lticnitii 
Il> Ml h.i tll« 1 " ' 'i ti.iiv.-.I, lli.' 1. IK II. imi 

II .',(. 1 . i.i.i- ..>n i< li-.n ub tin- iij.j.Ii. uttxii. 

1 In U ■ .11 1. .11 nl I'tttun .s.. KUftOTtltf, 
I run : t il&O'll »»n tidlt mil liii.ni, i.it ;iiil WH 

, • inn I in.- urmituii ..1 t.n.iti. 1,1; kW tt i* 

,1- [■ 1 IIIIIU .1 Lit" t 'HI 

. it. ,'i li»ti • » is i.- i.l fi.iiii I'tlfon N".i VJi. 
\[,.tit Hi N I. netottvn I. ll-.» 11 -li'in nnl fur 
■ ■•'.-' .1 , b w i« • if.! ■ .ti it I .«t nifftitiK nf 

■ •: *. , 1' ■ 1 itii .titi iii iti bring .it ilium, 

■ . , I '1 ; i. twm -f lb 'i till- Maim Iihh l-rrti 

A.tlUlilctirtit'i "I' n-t 

1' ipjjll it bin Ctn.iti Ni. 2TI, iltlmny, 

S V , f'H ll. lAl MSIMtt.lU tv tfcefl niLvrnirnl mi 
Via) .-i 11 1- »" nil' '1 

llti aftrnvajf) «•<« ■•.viij-tr.! in revt>winj( thr 
M 1 •,. • it High tii' «. --n.il- 111.1 i^mUttKa- 

1 I. . , * iin .|n iTtrrty »it4H 

- n:i .'Tin ill. '. I, liinrt.it - 1 k mill 

. . .11, iii,'.' .( l'i In 

\ , nira mi lib 11 frvwi ChiehKu m trail, 
... ittliri hi i' it :n at m noil ntaVlnga ftirtfuK 
..• '.f.i' t t Win iul twUtatii'* 'm iM.ition h 

. , 1 1 ,;i • ■! 1 1 \>i 1- ltl i't' l" 1 111. 1IKU. 

I ■', ' ■» ti'K 1- .1 -iiiiitiiutv ni rrcfi|>tA an4cap€n- 
tiiinrr* i- 1 Hi- ..ititti 1 

11 ,: ,., . n baiid ' .mi .t> lM ... (*),8I7 *J 

K. 1 1 )|>|* Imnnrv . . 1 1,*' 1 ~ > 

1,1.1,1 ,11 I" fl m 

M n . '1 . J-.U* 

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t mii.it) 
1 < bmat 
^1 11. 11 



InllVI » 
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fan, 1 . 1 «i 

Ktbui 1 \i iii i«t %i "\>: ><i 

1 1 - i, U H ...I'- nl ii"*'l nl ( cyoiodb r H In 

Hu 1 1 tnu Mb 

Mt.M I K Mil U.K. 

C I M. ... iki . 1 ft J* ) 

1.. s /. 

i o Labor. 

itball Jim 1 niiiiiliiiii trlw Irrd the «'.ilil ? 
Whu . btlh* tiir wutl. I 1 
M l,,, btmHK i)i< vVirrU I 

bh»tl >"ll 1 ..tllliltllll * Iin HIT t 111- wnrlll > 

1 11 wli.il tin- World iiniy tin ' 

a- from tin* limn 

Vqm uitr yQKf pt>W r, 
Ttn wntlil mii-t folio* YOU 

1 ii.- world'* life hang* mi pout ti«iu tmn-i, 

v..ui »trung iik'h Bind. 

Vow »kiiu .1 right hand , 
Vmi I1..M ill' «l>"' r WOlid in fwn biuid-- 
s. . ii <.• ii.it yov do l 

1 11 .link nt ll^lil , 

1 >r wn UK "t rigbt, 

1 11. wm 1.1 1 N IMdC bjf vmi ' 

f| M n tin. ni vet) nr'rr t*M iK-lmr, 
n.h h,i|i. il befor* 

N..I il.itrd l*l..re, 
And ili«« . M ne'er »b >wn tierore, 
Thr poWTI tlnil lire ill yoti I 
SI mid all »- "Mi- 
Till rlgtll indmii 

Hrhere nwd dan- and 4a I 

L hU'Mte /V»*i«i StehoH. 



Libor News of the World. 



1>| RING the ftsM |SW, the American 
Pederatiotioi' lAhoT iiu reasefl I44, J«8 in 
tuetnbemhip. 



Tin'. M.i-Ur PlumherS, of Chester, I'a., 
h.ne eonce«d«d the nine-hour day at the 
same rate of •wage* jiai.l for ten hours. 



Thr strike of 250 employes of the 
Reading Stove Works his heen ad- 
jtttted B»d tin- men have retunu-d to 
work . 



Six hundred l.oik-r men and moulders 
strmk at the StetliiiK Boiler Works, at 
Jlirlierton, 1 ihio, for an increase of is 
|*r cent. 



Am, the freight conductors and brake- 
QH ti" 011 the- MonUna Central Railroad, 
Montana, went out as ,-> protest against 
a new time schedule. 



A nii.r. has passed the House of the 
Ohio Legislature proviiltn^; that the ser- 
vice of all labor on public works, whether 
contract or otherwise, be restricted to 
eight hours a day. 



Two hundred and thirty lives were 
lost in a mine explosion at Scofield, Utah, 
two weeks ago. The accident was the 
result of tin- lack of proper appliances 
and safe guards. 



■Tin: officials of the Pittsburg district 
coal companies and the Mine Workers' 
A--» 1 -i.it imi have settled the wagedispnte. 
the operators conceding the Jo [ter cent, 
increase demanded , effective from April 
1st. 



Thk Soft Stone Cutters' Union and the 
Granite Cutters' Union, of Atlanta, Ga., 
both settled their differences with their 
employers last week, and the men re- 
turned to work. Kach side made con- 
cessions. 

Dl'RIJUt; the twelve months just closed, 
the United Mine Workers of America 
have i.ssued 309 charters to local unions, 
the greatest number ever issued in the 
same time by any body of federated 
workers in one craft. 



Tm printers of Finland are engaged 
in a general strike. They demand the 
right to organi/e. better wages and shorter 
hours uf labor. They are Said to be well 
prepared, as funds have been gathered 
for the struggle since last September. 




Local I'nion 317, of Atlanta, Ga., has 
expelled A. <J. O'Neal, having been found 
guilty of violating section 163 of the con- 
stitution. 

CHARGES Wkavkr has been expelled 
from the organization by Local Union 406, 
Bethlehem, Pa., for violation of section 
122 of the constitution. 



SwiivKRi.ANn is the scene of much 
commotion in the printing business at 
present. At Geneva, Lausanne, A&rau 
ami I-jusiedelu there are fights 011. In 
the three first-mined places the trouble 
arises from an effort lo iucrease the price 
of bant) composition and the introduction 
uf scales for machines. At the tast- 
uamed town the struggle is for the right 
to organize, fair wages, shorter hours of 
labor and reasonable conditions generally, 
and ull employes— even apprentices and 
laborers— are involved. 

Till strike of the) granite cutters of 
ijuincy, Mass, which began more tliau 

two months ago, when the manufacturers 

refused lo grant a reduction in the hours 
of labor and the establishment of a mini- 
mum rate of wages demanded by the 
Cutters' Union, has ended iu a compro- 
mise, atrd the agreement covers a period 
of five years. The ma n uf act urers granted 
the demand for an eight-hour work -day; 
but agreed to an advance of only 14 per 
cent, on the bill of prices presented by 
the union. The tool sharpeners have 
been granted an eight-hour day. 



Give the Union Man a Chance. 



For every cent you spend in buying 
union goods you are giving the man who 
made that article a chance to make 
another at living wages, ajfcrj every cent 
you spend for goods that are made in 
sweat shops, or under any other unfair 
conditions, you are then helping to sup- 
port those who believe in industrial 
slavery. It behooves every union man to 
demand goods that are produced by 
organized labor ; it is also his duty to 
educate his family to purchase union- 
made goods of clerks, A man who is a 
na-mber of lalior organization and fails to 
perform bis duty is not a good union man. 
He is not sincere and is not living up to 
his obligations.— (Juinfv Labor News. 



Do. .lions From Local Unions to 
Locked -out Chicago Carpenters. 



CHICAGO, April 11, 1IAXI. 

Drothbr McGt'iaK; 

The foltO wing U S full Mst of amoiiatB rrcrivrd 
from vnrious onion* in answer to our nppral for 
financial nld: 







Js* Milwaukee . . . 


SIM UU 


lust 


Cun noil 


Milwaukee ... 


IU Otl 


»* 


ti 


So, 31W, Nrw Vol k . . 


2S UU 


«* 


at 


" SM, Brooklyn 


IU UU 






" GUi Giilvestou, Tea. . . 


21 *fl 


1 * 


tt 


imi, Aiken, S. C . 


.'. Ill 


■1 


tt 


SB, Tuiiawan.In.N.V. 


11 UU 


11 




:l.M, Northamptiiti.Masi 


ID UU 






" rjj, gridgetofl, n. j. . . 


•J "i0 






1 I I. Macon, da. . . , 


UU 


■ ■ 


11 


" Ml, t.a Mi*, HI. . ■ - 


X UU 






" ITii, Newport, R. I. . . 


D UU 






Gttt, Jeraey City Heights 


IU Ull 






" 'Ari, pittsbtttgi Pa, . . . 


IU UU 


it 




13, Brooklyn 


ill (II 


*i 




" im. Alleghany, r«. . . 


-, III 


i* 




" ;.07, 0.ron:i, N. V. . . . 


,'. UU 



Total 

rievioiwiy acksowleged 



. fisu m 

I, Mil «o 

r:,uuu :n 



Grand total 

Fraternally youra 

Thos Neale, 

.S>. ii-mh Tttasutet. 

L UIL-Aon, Ai)Hl*ltli, IHOU. 

Donatiotts teotived Bince April nth front vari- 
ous unmns In MtppQTI of men . 

Local L'nioa No. - ^n. MtniavUla, K\ H M 

W, Trentott, s. j. . . . ft on 

BH, Nrw York . Ii OB 

Itl, I'vansMllr, lii.l IS 0U 

Me, sun lose, Cat. iu ot 

m, Phiiatfelphia, Pa, . B in 

MB, Dnnkiik, N. V. i U 

IIM, N. Adams, Mass IU 01 

MB, Hammond Ind. . . B IU 

BJj lluliivia, N. V B UU 

• »7«, BuBfaln, N Y 1UUU 

til-i, Strt-ator, III. . IU HI 

Bti, Ifohoken, n i J W 1,1 

:t. Wkeetlttg, w v« W (0 

2 K. P ttt afc Wg , I'a . • I UU 

9B7.T«UurM*,Coi. . . iuui 

Ts-'i, COviagtoa, K> . . . uu 

" " " 'isii, M tuiiir, III. . 6 00 

" ,•.>-.', Wat i ' * . i • • B wi 

M •• iniii, i isli *',iirx, III. . . . 10 UO 

•> " ■■ ii.j, sun Mateo, Cal. . . '£i 00 

• • " m nil, Net* tlavi-u, CoUD. 6 00 

.. •■ « J7I, Ciiilwlrn, Aln. . . . 2 60 



Total 



1 1--" 80 



Urajui Total to dab* . . . f-amu 

Tll.'S NliALIt, 

SrtKtaty- Ttfttturtr. 



10 



THE CARPENTER. 




tftlli I'r|..iTltiu'iit i- ojn'tt f r i-iiti.i-ni :n»l 

intti -pinniitii i man i .irrciultis uu tmvitomoui 
Kiihjrtis v. ». ..tj.i nm , mid iiH'us* .is lu Ci»in, 
irKiiuixotion, 

XVHW IM1 DIM, -i.l.. >,|' |l:r imnri . uli All 

urtit i' - (HumW W untied. 

Matter for iln- :• partment murt I* in thi* 
ofliLf l'\ Hie 'J'.iii ul tin' muiitb 

^hoririR a Urkk Building. 

1'nmi l'. n., Mi. Idle inn, N. V. 

There must he something strung in t:. 
s. ststtumviit nr diagram, lie would be 
a mtv silly foreman, indeed that «>>ut«l 
attempt la underpin In- building with 
only theahoriun. a- represented in the 
diagram in- itibmits. Having li.nl to do 

ii 



2! 



F10. |, 

with thi- ell— ul' work <>u -i\ir,il 
cacdooa, I hnve always adopted lite 

cniirsi >li«i\\n in l l.l.y lii-l piiuim. 
in lui'.ll-s abont IJ" \ I J " at at A. ad.. in 
three nr fonr feet spurt, according i>. the 
nature ol toe w ill, with upright pu , 
8, about "•■ x ," M|nure, with count- 1 
Wedges a- sIhhmi lo -ir:nn ii »p before 
the wall is displaced below the needle A, 
The brick wall i«i supported, w "i 
course shown at o, This method if ,t,l- 
dopted with whatever bracing ntaj l..- 
neeeasary, will Make the work perf«*tly 

safe. 

For Roberts' Relief. 



Prom l„ W. S.. Umikiik. 

I -end a sketch which I think will 
relieve Robert t» v ., of Duluth, iHte, 2 . 



\ iili'. 1 with . iiln i stcvl m p^sci! tfliitil 
i "pon the il.-itt 1m<u.i the p-p»M foi ih. 
pattern "i face in,.' | , .i i iii tn i \ ' n i • k i ■ I 
or the plank fin Pi. M i ll,. u i i n' in ,\ 
lie (feed. The dr-tft t"Mi.l 1- EUi'litini 
the pitch .-I* -.'..lit .'i.l m,\i| -i,ii i. .ii ii \ 
thru tin- inn .'.iiiii.l .ii.iiiii.l will Ivr 1 '! 
the face mold in! fefokitti)j -i hi - i n . ul ,n 
on tin- plan .md nf :;inf.,t m n-i- " /'■ • : 




A'r, /•/ I-- 1 *, h i- 1 . tti-i , )|i >w» \ el . to 
nii.K'rsi.iu.l ill..- gfii mn it \ .,i iln thing 
thin in u-. ,i machine ..| tin- land 
Sortie stairs .in* i lhj.ti. il in pl.vti, watte 
have quartet -n tinii-. oitlivt oircnlar .>t 
ellij-tieal, whteh oh m '. - thi dire- ti<»n .■!" 
tin* i.illm^ ni"M. .tn.l in i'Kei lltiuii rviiuil - 
iliy .i I'lc.ir oOficvivtiirt) i.i iln vvtrittii't 
oim^e Iiln-- which the} inn: iiii, 

in -i .nit- i- i-i - howvveti tin in i . hi ii t- 
maj he useil 1. 1 *1\ ini.i.'. 



A l>u//k 

Ii. mi \\ . I; !>.. Wxtva tm<mn 

A hamlM-inr lum,, ni ih. -Ill.Url>* "t 
I'litkiilclphia. ha- .in uriel >>n -«;•« imaJe, 
Tlic arehiteci rtilif-in^ In- |i m.|- v*;:ii - 
liylit s.ivst.1 i nifiid; i i.viiu tliftl nimli'W. 

IJtB 11. M lirtj tin COMtrtU '."! > iLplAinol '.<• 

an adtttirer vl iln- tvimlovv, "-yvs I h n't 

ill. it will. Inn .i \i.ii ,ii;ii " Short }<, .i.i, , . 
wan!- (lie I'M— i.l hriirk in ,1 r |,,,im,,l 
out to a prospect jvt* i ii<«u>iisci, thi wiudovt 
as .air Jie In, I htlUt; 'a m iln if.J.l.iMi 
in sjmiiltlntj ilii- -ann- nin l ' wl^ 

of . Miir-c I Idiitt il." 'I'll.' . ar],cn:.i »!„, 
ntwlr all the »< nld-r, tafd "in U e t,,.,i, 
wa<fe tin- - i-h. - ,ii,. i ii .tin r -, .•!. . ,i<«n 
nut teem hi I"- in k, \,.w whmt i ward 
in know i-. who Intih ih ,! in :, 1 v\tinh>« ' 



\ iiaud> Hctewtate. 

I nmi Win !'. M , Ui. Iiiii'-n,), \ a, 

I iWwaid i , ,n Imi hiiIi i -1. , ti h > a i 

ii i! li nib 1 ' Iptn iii . w In 'i i Int. '•> i i, 

n-lll-J t • • I ItMHN W'lT-. I I". I it Hal wiili li 




r »i»Hi ' i" w«»t int. h lorn \ M 
\'i thi i i, ii i-iiu i,, 

11 "■ ''i'l. 



n in- .uid Specification* ,\ , 111t . u 



I I"": Till IM.i Ml.' I , i 

VW ni idanitie to Niidd \ i 
i hi i ; ■ i: m- . a -i \ in, ,m , , 
i in; :.■'.- - U i n.mM I I ir t«. I 
wi , i'i ! hokl "t iujiii 
and xjwi in. i., i tin 

W P at. a' « , ].' |m ,,,i 



I'l I 



h.»« 



t\t>i i. „ .in . 



I . 

I .in -nti Mil) in:,; ! i\,, r ni [1,. 

it! m\ ..; wii n ,.], i-. jit, Mil,.'. | 
in -th-, .ul! -in Irrrtn.'.iliVi ; ,| I „..,.. i., 
n-i i) for antitn 01 fm , !,,.;•,. 
hit -iw-, -uid! tiiiils. hi ;,.r -in,:: i.ii.r. 

\',.'i 1. t!i i" ,n- K, ujii ,,; | | ,,. ^ 
tl i. .ii- iii, 1 and njic thing* thai l.r., In '. 
h llbfl«l t,* th, , |tf« i,t, 1 . I) |,| 
n i,1i i h.i- iiii I . i ? . - r ■!■ i ,■ ih u- tty, (,.., 
ih. nnrpy-H i ^h,.n:,! in , i ,,, ; 
.a it 



Hand WniliiiK. 

I '•'til \\ . ]»., I'll.' ,|Q 

k< [ih Sw '■• IV R.. [Vovei i • .: 

Itt * ; • w i i .[.<<- tKll in ii , lit- ipt&ji .,„ 

ih'.ii ,i- inii'h' 1 , I -V.n.-i :h, . 

-"'"H"'. I li ' Iftivi ■ OUI li ittvi 1 ■ 

I * 1 * ■ . 

tliril ijif.l mi, -i, |, ,,| ! „ 

i-'i- ir< 1 :.n, it, \, ii, ,,„ , , 

iM' r; " I uj, ,,: . •, i, ,,|,| ], t j , 
Ul. )k,u!,t y.,, h , w . .,, ,, M ^ „ tl , ^ 

■ ij<«Hal Ijih' i , i ., fam i'. .w- . ii 
roiind i" ih. i'i.iiiii 

ItlK 111 1 14 III ,,t th.- «t, ,. I J, , , , 



"i'i -l,,|\ IjinUlRTjl with , 1 
win, Ii ivouit] ' i ih, . , 
iw»! (pp ii <i'.s. \\ |, w ,.i,'.j • 

1" ! "' I ll til- 111, I -,|„ l M , i . 

l.iliKhutf. 

l! \ nil will Lhidtl I'lli ., . •,, | | 

ni ii ion v ..ii . m ,i'.,,i.t .'i tilt,.. • 

! "'■! ■ hi I IIM i -nit.il,'. ii, ,( i, , tn 
il If pa| lei m will ,ij,; n i i ■■, 



ttrnatiH'ittal C roasts, 

I ' '"I V,- I !.:;. M,.,iT, ,: t 

'• " ' I oil a IvlV . \ itn i '. 
' '■>'■< t"— i . li ■ ,fll ,;■;■■)' M li:, ' 
i ■•' \. w'.'ir.- \ S' in ,., 

i II |lie< !•••;• 



stutidiiiK initit-, Shvathinsc, 1 1, 

Tlli Hh ||u»1 ,,t \\ \!, !» . ..... 

}. . 

-• 1 ii" i 1 . , ;■; iji- • •-. i'i 'h.- w , ti, , 

111' ' !' l! r .;'. |l . ■ , ., 

■ ■' ■ I ., 1 

i . . I . 

ornHirn .■ • iiiui l 1 1 i • • *■ . tl 
the - iwn i .', ij ].',:, • win n 4i; 
i|im met !•• n ytlirvd rm h 



' 



1" , "I !h 



nitn • tin -it-' 

.l|l»t I i " i . 

Iii m a ml !...•;,,! iii i 

1 1 It Ifl ill I II I - 

{' nyhl i Ee i it , , , t ly it ■ >wi 
«* ■ *qti*li t., 1,. t iV- ii n.a [ii ; , iii I 
tnj e*{H i u |n i th.it H|i ', "':■ ■ • ■ 



■;:t .- \\ \| 




fron hi- rfifricnh) . Tin- iiii tim-i i, no 
" Um thai further enplanatioti tutuis 
uuneeeMHry. 

That Traclnn Machine. 

Pkmu William it. VV„ Jewej city, N- ]■ 

I think Ufeeh the machine John W 
nf Wiimn.i, wis., is afur is tme 
appeared] in eurpmtty m.ms yeun .. 
and which i* patented I mhmil a ikeuA 
herewith, (Mjj, i,a deacription ..f which 
is appeiuh ij. 

" A, is the tm mailt of pVtiik It, ttn- 
inclined draft board hinged t.» base plank 
C is a standard with cap through which 
and the hast- a rot] i- lived. The rnd 
carries tin- arm l>. which RlQVCti fret 
uji and dnw ii the mil and at its Catn llll 
J«>iid a sin ket movabitl on tttfl ITfl h pm. 



K. 
that 



l\ 



lloldirtjr (Vnce l»ost.s on a Rink 
Hi'l.om. 

I mm (tola n li., 1). tmit, Mil h. 

I have a i ..mi. H i topul upa n nn alonu 
a riM'i front where lharc i« ..niv uhout 

to io Inches -.f earth he/ore rts k is 

leaehid. Th,- | ( M1 ,. , s | w |„. |)Ml 
SOlid, alld 1 iijii-1 i i huh - 111 1 hi 

KM k «,i fasten the po t . doWII U) s,,in, 

other .'Np. ii-iv. mean .. c in a»ij brotlicr 
"chip, 1 in ip ate i 

Can Any Brother Supply Th use. 

'file Pike Mfg, I'i,., want* lo la,-, a 

machine for cutting bo* boards mil ,,i 

slahs; afciO a mat liinc In, luakiug sm.,11 

lianlwota] handi. ■,, dowtus, ,k. twi i-. etc. 




In,. 



•i »tti d Inn h. P, t,, | i,,,,., Su , , p 

naind from Kmutitl hn. mi n im,.,^., , s 
diagonal lim at i ,. i >t.,w line . mi nu- 
ll, njtuire in. in ih,,i line until n , >n ( . 
I li ii i- yom chord line ol baae. imni v 
m ' p rouml irnm ii , 1 1 1 . r i draw ytm 
pit, h chord l,in , ih. a net your tin. i i,,- s 
of yow plank, ttndi t pit Ii . hord line ( >,i, 
i In n h ilt the distance froni o. tot*, will 
in- the drawn i ml ol yotn mould, tofi and 
i", it. mi Hiiic. \'ou ntui i ilruvi youi numld 



' I miali' than iner estuiialr. i -pi ■ I '" 

ntudding, as thi n' i- niway* so m ne .„i'ls 
and end** . in ii .is , ripples, litai i 
'"its, n, . p, up, (aget h ft mi i 

than tO j-et 1, It gff, iw.nds I II h' 

Man , , it ,,„,| frifttda 

I -lo Hot agree with H B. i" 1 W 
Worth and 'J'. I». Rlc.of liulnth in ■• v- 1 " 1 
to dteathing, if diagonal sh^alniigi* 
properl) pm ,,n n not oid> 11 ' ** 1 
brai - . i, ni tm a Iruaaaa well, awl i 1 1 "'" 



THE CARPENTER. 



II 





, .,„. „ unii' »ml *wkk' ! •' 


, 1 Lit' 


, !), , 1 )\xtv, i aiwiwfl do*** 




, .., i ,,ui »1 pjotnl). 


..,! nil 


, ,,i ,,.,.) ]- wi LI ' it»nii(}>< 




hi ,mti a! rtud 5tr*»itjj h « til* 











Chinese .slaws Sold in san 
Francisco, 



'l'h> r •■ i in.' 



hi iiji| 1 hi S-ii 

■ tii ii in .i i:>!.i> ii 




PERFECT- ALWAYS 

Black Diamond Files and Rasps 




AT INTER- 
NATIONAL 
EXPOSITIONS 



FOR SALE EVERYWHERE 

Q. & H. BARNETT COMPANY 



PHILADELPHIA, PA 




Faber 



v. 1 



■ A •; t ,; . hi ••• h I4I kH'l ..f i!i> • 'p'lutis , .nvi 111 }>m:,N in 

. ii.,? , I i\i\Mi\$ I *t H '.in mi l - "i the row t-n l'-ik" ■ I hi it i». 

. , i...,i n , ,,; • ,», . ili.ii: am uthiri thai ew* lit*- 

\! ; !l .-ii-! an i.!i:ii!iwir.ui'.ii tjf official affairs 

, : , 'JV\ 1- i!. tJiit < 1\\ 



HARDWARE TOOL DEPOT. 
2008-2010 North Front Street, 

-Philadelphia, Pa. 




Moulders, Bricklayers, Plasterer*, Contractors, Plumbers, Carpcntew, 
Cabinet and Pattern Makers, Loom Fixers ami Machinists 



Shet-t Gum, racking. ii.sk.-K Gauge Glasses, Jertkin * Valves and 
D,s,., Pipe Stocks and Dies, Pipe Wren- hes, < utters. Vises, etc. 

Other Tools are very good T00U, but— 

"YANKEE" TOOLS are better. 




"YANKEE" BATCH ET SCREW DRIVER, 10. 

Sifwa: 2, S, I, 5. 6, B. 10, 19 lncbe. 




"YANKEE" RATCHET SCREW DRIVER, No. tfi 
Slim bUde. wi.h finger lurm. for ItyM work Ml* S » «■ 6 



I It, 

Woodworking MiiJiiiUTj 

V. ri ii. i j.i...a <>t till 'H" 1 i' t 'l u lln ' 

nfiln m I *,.tk»iv in i< Inw 1 ' "> ■ 

Tli. I , ,:, i ,. mi \> i .. . i !■' • ' ty' 
I 1 " • St,, Cm. Mm. in. ' 'in". 1 '" w 

1 :ni n tin III. Illilll t'l ll W 1' 1,1 ll " 

••*«v« ninii in ii i|iu -i tli 'i il" * " 1'" ** 
tfc 1 inii .1 Sl it. ^ it tin I K{K»l\ '"'i U 'H 
li' W .1 I'Kfii ||m> \' ■•' ■ l« 1 **" '" 
m. » i it v an « * 1 1 1 ''" -"■ •' n '' MH ■ 

I" ': • ' i WI 11 , ill. il. il I'. ii|.li"!'l ll" I'l' - 

tig" ii) the Nation M Wgliipf»»l« nuw 111,1 
Am. 1 1, .in in. nil- wond working uw Inn- 

" In Imi \ i mis Ik .-ii taking H firttl Iwdd 
WI tin iiiamilai inri i-. .>! U"' W«rM, OWl 
Ull i.l. mil. 1 , \lnl, il wltU li "'ll I* Iliad* 
l*J 11" l-'.^.m CoHipMU] al ll"- K«' 
pMitbil will, ii.. tfollljt, otilv MStlll tu in 

ctcnini ih,' n l opinions ulrcadj enter- 
tain,, i |,„ t i„. sl . |„,„iiu-is pi American 
^iii .in,i ingciratt> . 

Oil* Of the n:isi.iis of this flrtHK' |<r*«t 

wco ttinlhattbe) nave the na|»{ij fwcull) 

in^ out wlliil I lie H ail, tleiiiiill'N, 




ot ll 



mkJ ui pfoducinn • ma« bine to wenl it. 



i„,„ K iulntiiM thrunith »l« Custoni 
H,,,!* in bimtrm*. in« wrtiw ilawg1u«w 
,., ,,, .,„,. Uiv l.a.it,-. ..I I c»ler*i Ibv» *• 
WC U, to i« --I'l a- ->. much con«ertfl«l« 

„, 1 ,,'| lll) ,l lsl .. SUl B«J) W* OH.hr inn- 

, hunt* rtiMtent*rt»MiWMrirtsl*t»K | and«d 
.,, ti„s \m\ in vioktioii «»< 1,111 " u 
, h mi-' wi%> -, women rttulenUi «nd natum 
,.,„„ chi> k ■ , " l" 1 -"^ ,,,,,, S ' ,n 

I KjttfbcwlotM HildbyChtHnSS amlwlute 
,^i ul- iiil>. -I.ivei ■> • 

I„ tin riave wuirbel nf S»« FtaticUico 
twfo) the i.l"- ofa Cb*»ne« enaltel is 
«jr ( wi,iin,lth« nKcnufind much profit iu 
j. alnt/ with il" 'i Iwman m«rchaodi«e at 
tbwprlec-. While litis l» 1»*i»K d 00 * ,l |S 

Mhtthc SRWt-oflh* hu-rtC Ma.lSUM...- 

»WnCwnp»»J ■"" l,llt * w**" - " f ''• u,hi ; 
HW il .teain^..^ a„ violating federal 
tows.nuMUitgujionihc 1'ac.fic Mai! doc* 
Uundmta o! CWpm eontwry to uw, 
HMtitUiniuit an Oriental bowdlnu home, 
,,„! renoinu »m iH«gi»h»iat« proftt on! of 
ni cgB i tfwte U»at nmotinM aw>ro»i- 
1)MU .i N t« man} IbonaamU "f iWUns « 

IHOUtll. 



"YANKEE" SlIRAL-KATCHET SCREW DRIVER. So. 20. 

.„ b T PU .h| « teadtt. b, r.tch.t movement. M.de UMhre. ri M 




Dtl*e* or take* 



YANKEE '* SPIRAL* RATCHET SCREW DRIVER N». W. 




" YANKEE " RECIPROCATINU DRlU,. No. BO. 




« YANKEE " AUTOMATIC DRILL- 40 - 

, wood lor -K' ln « t^rew.. hr.d. n«!1.. ^ S^.^^h Z 



.ufl wood with 
111 



For borlnn 

»lll.U B . i > — - 

polnli In m«B*slne 

SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS IN 
TOOLS AND HARDWARE. 

Insist on "YANKEE" TOOLS 

IF YOU WANT THE BEST AND AT A REASONABLE PRICE. 
P .crinu™ C.rcuUtt will ttf MM !.*# *y M -i «l«ta*««' 

NORTH BROS WFO- CO.. - PHILADELPHIA, PA 




12 



THE CARPENTER. 



Corresponding Cuts for Rafters. 




hv A, \v. WOOD, 



x conversation whh .1 friend ic 
centh , be said thai white h< 
understi .*! framing llu "idinary 
hip ami valley mot's, ii w.i- 

not dear to him why H and 

the lise for u foot run of the roof give 
the stat .111,1 plumb cuts for the hip or 
valley. Why not, he Mid, use- 12 on one 
member <>f the square as a standard and 
its tine on (he other for out- foot run of 
tin- hip. just the same is we proceed for 
one f- » -1 urn of the common rafter? 



It gave the results, It passed ai tint 

ami was on]\ hrottght Up incident! \ m 

conversation. 

Now, if our friend had ju*l stopped and 
though! a minute, he would have seen 
that the sf.its of tin- common rafter ami 
hip do Uwt rest parallel w ith each Olbet 
hui.lfp.iit.it an angle trf 4P )U shown in 
Pig. l. I'ftut is, when the sides of tlw 
roof have same pitch . 

Therefore 17 inches taken on the run 
of the hip is only equal to 12 inehea m hen 

taken 011 that of tin- common ruflci .is 
shown l>v the (totted hue from heel to 
heel of the two squares. 




Pic. I. 



The question, we dare say, is simple 
enough to the majority of the readers of 
this journal, hut we thought it contained 
enough interest to justify an illustrated 
article on the subject. 

As simple us the question may seem 
our friend is not alone in the main point 



The rise, therefore, at this point must 

necessarily he the same for both raitei> 
Of course 12 could 1« used a* a stand* 
aril instead of JT, hut in that ease the cor- 
responding rise would necessarily he lea* 
than that for a one foot run of the com- 
mon rafter , ami our friend would at nine 




any steel square, f. >'■ l~ths Tin even 
figure* in rise would out) oectn when 
the nut '» rise is divisible bj IT, 
in Pijj. .' we show tin- rise foi 'me font 

i>i its tun r. nn p. ire. 1 with the same . >i the 
common rafter, P01 example wc show 
a a ineh rise tor the common rafter, 
Therefore, if the cotttuion ruftct has a 

I inch rise bit one foot, for one in. hit 

would have 1 1.' ruches rise. Inn tot the 
hip it would ooh he 4-1? of an inch, and 
for 12 Incite* *i would he f2 x OH? ; ^ ir 
or ft ft-lT inches rise to cnrrcstMmd with 
the rise bit t lie 1 1. u in ion rafter, hut -.jn, .- 



The I'nf.ni Man. 



I Hi. nil,, il ill i: )M , , 

itohte 1 ause, the t ighl t, ii., 
in. in shiHtbl live in .1 ti, , 

mn> .11 in it; 1- li,,m 1, .1 ,,,,] 
even « 1 >i nri 1 1« in t \ . 1 1 , ■ 
1 iw 01. 1 order, dVm uidfn& , 
HM'j 'I' in, an, ill); What t- \\t\ 

1 inn ■> and ulw.ij - oln \ t|||« ijj, 
> nUlitl v . \ union man i-. t[, . 
h\ p'n risj ami selfishm *>, su 
ii, m I in orgauheattoit, ui Ii 
in. imiii, " Thai main , u 



'Hi ri« , 
bon .. 

1 ' M in 

"'a|,' ,, t 

■ In. 

'"' Oft, 
'■111 1„. 

tin 

Itkb 



Pit;. 2. 



in question. J.ack of application* hike 
many others lie..* sot:..' time had been 
told thai : .>.iiai such figures give cer 
tain results, hut never look the lime to 
stmly why it was so. 



find thai he baa a problem on his band* 

to figure OUt jUHt what the rise shoulil he, 
ami then lie will find that sixteen limes 
out of seven lee 11 that the rise will end in 
tracln ins. Pine lions not to he found 011 




it... 



tin- length "t ilic diagonal id one t • >• >i 
square is IT inches practical!; it is much 

easier to take that 

tmmbcr is a standard 
snd the rise oi the cniumon rafter foi ■ 

one fix .t run. 

In I'll*. ] we slum tin figures to use tor 

the cut* "f hip or valley* foi \, c . > n, mi 
ami i .' aided hnildings. 

The (iguref given ate all standard 
except that for the riot , which changes 
lor each pit' Ii. 

The figure* on Hi.- square 10 tin right 
Hive, us near as can he had, the angle that 
the seat of thr hip mm s with thai of the 

common rafter, The wraarea to the left 

give the scat and plumb ' ills. 

These squares uho contain by sealeund 
figures other cuts such us side eats of 
ja. ks, miters, length of sides rafters, 
diurni'ters, ete. 



*«t.v 1,500 employes of the St. 

1, 1 'Mo. ), Transit r.impiiny slruek 
last week, ami there is scarcely a wheel 

moving on the entire system. Tire strike 

InclUlHs eveiyho.lv conductors, m< ior- 
meii, wijKTs, cleaners, sliipincn, I nunen 
and common lahorers. The movettenl is 
for a reduction in the hours and an in- 
crease in wages. 



oin , wb> 1. ..in , nrtttOt ,tu 1 

Mian i \ inn, ai in. ,n is 1 11,. • 
> ttlpbn 1 r m,| h is hjs iic [, • 
fan n hi .ri , .m.l mm\. s 1 

art i^tn tn proHui v a ftitM.ul 1 

wmlt in 1. tin 11 fm .1 fan d r. '% > 
inn. nMitiahtc. ib in iiel iM\n in 
« lltpbij ■ r A -v, ill. d in. , h on. Ii 
i" ' HpeCI Hinl n ci i\i ituffii i< 1 1 
NatbMt fur In-- I il.i.i 111 ,,i.|, 1 '. . 
(■•il his t.imih. . nid 1 dm 1I1 hi 
A IttlHm man 11. r h, »itat< » to • 

laws rind regubttioiiM id in " 

when an urd. r in given I I 1 1 

an e%lahti»buieu< >%h, rr th. uni"i 

and pri\ il. geH an . IV r>M, In d »1 

\v.dks forth a fret citisen. ' hi ■ t 
ft il"ws, 111 mi to n turn until hi' 
are comjdied with m the uiuoti 
him to return, a unbm m "■ 
. eaaes to labor fm th. m Rnuii ■ thst 



A i .' 

I 'lol 
! n 4 
\.i 
,.f ..il 
i igig 
;, II 

ll-'ll 

till' 
..ml 
rli in 
tebU 
•i lie 
I \ Ins 

, ilds 
ri, ft 

• a ver 



his 

If UN 



increases his WSgl ami ifl I 

houis of lah.,1 , .urd protects h • 

the seUlsh enildoyer who lives n isufyi 

accumulates wealth, and wb 11 

no union was in exiatence, jw j 1 : l *° tM '^ 

pittance to his employi I wtm (indue* 

that wealth. A union mati i ' ; ' 1 '"J 

an expert at his Hade, of go.nl pidglWCWt. 
inUdligetil, an honored cili/cii ■ I" ' " M " 
in a fn e country, • man among "i. ii. 



THE CARPENTER. 



13 



itdul 



s, i Ml 

■ . 1 1 



,,,„ at the Trades Union. 

-.|,„v l« -.1. In— the vr \ 

, j|) a mre.1 degraded anil 
,,, i iic|ct-< i . there wen- hiii 
;•, ■, . i tii 1 slave*, Awl ibis 
rlow ii l*i ili'' Roman 
, t nun nt .Mi'! r«*tij*i*»«i wi re 
[..linn-, kill mil i i »-li 
ne, Tin- S|»rtsiiM treated 

IfttifM til Hi ativ nthiT nation. 

... n tiifiti - i nil %.-.n- fore 
I |iii •■ gre it Imvi giver," 
. worki I- i kind ol ii w* i.ii- 

• ,.m i'l tin- till hid Mi 



lop nvfc the l» ju~t 



1 1)111 11! 

tjrtwn 
•uk-.i 
w.c :) 

tin* 
fitw 1 1 

MM ' 

,I|,,ri- 



SwugO 

>lir i 1 ' 
'All!' Il ' 

jl,, . « 1 i 1 1 . - Hutu in i >f K iwwii i* 

, 9 , , ,.| '..pi!- [trod need multiplii il 
,. . ... ,tni n nt W 'irk' r* .is wilt 

'.c !|| k tl — 1 i 1«i .|.i%. This 

■ lS . ■ ii - ' isted ' " > wir*. Undei 

ili. worker*, ImiJi m ill- and 
Ii i.' ,'i .1 mil e i '1 i % 1' n fault -. 
The} were "inj.i'llt '1 t" 

• cooping postUN - tlii \ wen- 
■In !.. lil- in rags and often 

,. miXt linil.i! bulb' i. N'T 
■ wii-t l .%«*t % % ent and •j'lm - 
•. ■! ." three W t'irr mi'iitli- the 

• ir judge* nt tin- n.il inn . l ii 1 - 

,r • I it t v Uj ordering assassin 
ibe worki rs In < Tiler in j m 
. . i In ruling i law • if youth* i >t 

•' the lll.iliK a\ c i n e nf sjH.rl 

l' ,.>. . - ril'i -. tills iIi.i'm.'.h.i! nislim- 
• '.v%- *'The goi «-i tutn '•< the 
..red tin- >lin wdi 'M "t '.lii in 

• in tint* to di*pcr*c themselves 
mtr% , provided "ii'.* with dag- 

-IT" .' !!U- UeCtMAfJ J'!' W 1-Wtls. In 

;].. :. ihcj lii'l themselves sod rented 
!!;■ ah private place* the) could find 
1 ;: .lit thev Miliicd out int" the 
rnsr] ii I .1 ill tin- In I"! > -M.rkiT- 
in. mtd meet with! it*} sometime* lij 
! . . •. u|niii tin-in in tht- (lefchi Ribl 
mn '''■ ! t!i«- .d'li -xt .ui'l ntniiiKeM "t 
•'.'■.. [.tiirinx the fiitiiou i -uid infaruotw 
I'eJuj • " i • !i VV'm » lui li '. i"tnl .~ years 
lite -;.i:tiii ninkn wetv w thinned tli.it 
(buiKitids oi tin- nt»rkert wen sent into 
llu i • . where the; fmijjht Mi*»st 1<ravely< 
A- i rr ■« it, | tut tli ". . wu were freed ami 
" >mt nt th«- temple* of the K<»d». 

. . *.i tin' 1 1 -.t heen of tli""i Imivc 

rul fighter*; t !ir % urcri Itutchered 
hi ... I I. Tlii" i m i in K 1 in the yen! 

l« i l! i Pl*U> It %*lll h« irllli III ,i n 'I 

K«v< «r»rker*oi>h ''Imff s«mie " Such 
li»in ■ ronld not la$l forevei mvl from 
•in" ' ;;.iiu\ name the ancient irwie 

inii.i'i, 

Tlii • ti i'li iini'iii- were flr*l organiied 
frooi the liukleM ami hravekt "f tin- 
worker* who formed lianthi of wddJer*, 
t*im< i iittd mini. ids. I'mrii then* organi- 
Mttii ' .inn (he " free lahtirer* wcatle*! 
'•' i irirJ iiim-s. The*c frr« lahori i " 
were in time nrganifol into traden it 
atuilu tneient trailc un'iuiw from Tvre 
that Iniiii Niliiiiinn's Temple. They 
••isi, nit tin- Parthenon .it Alhenn H t 
I These iMtihiiiig* are tlie ukm»i bwx 
••it ii ■ m ever lutiit. The trade iinloit»i«»f 
Tyu koine, and Athens were »t«l« in di 
lotiiHt*. 'JTn-% eiected their own "bomtea" 
■mi jierformeii all the im|*ortant work "' 
Hi' ■ ite. They built the ^re^it temple* 
twHtructeil the fatnoiis road*, condncteti 
il. tniiMportatlon both bj laml ami tea- 
It *%.is during the reij;ii ul Juliu. CsCMI 

■idedbj Cicero both of whom werearirtO' 
nmt« tliat the power of tire ancient ir.nle 

titliiiir. whs destroyed . Claud ins, DOW" 
mi With the help ..1 CaUllM 1"ii>;lii 
bravel) for the nntona. At this time, the 
uuiirnn becante totnewlul | Kilii ii-.il the 
following IrailNlntinii uVi n frotii the ruins 

<>i Pompeii will dhow: The niambew 
of the Fisherman's (liiiitn tnniiiiiated 
WeltM kttfn* for member of the board 

Of Wurks. 

" The Interttaibiul <".<»ld Workem' 
Awocutwu of the city of Pootptri 



demand tin tnt ml* r ..i the: Hoard <d 
W"iks t nsj.us pau««. Vi in i tin- liomi 

IjMTWj With het '.lipils i^.ill t'.vht. put Mi,, 

1 'M" lo the front t..i r « u ,, n the 
Itimrd i.f Ma^iMrah »." 

TlK'Mrtkei wUtchoc une^lfnthraurieui 
d.i\s fre<jH<-nl atnl Keneroi)) 
.tii tid. d l.% Jdo/mMied, Ii [sreemdedtlwi 
'""ii ' QioP l: i . the i>r«»iiim1 \%nrkers 
from \si.i Minoi \>, the filial » ..t Her- 
wdi imadehei iffortatoplai ftheprititi- 

r it ] OWVt in thi n ii%%n li nnl" ,n,| ;il„,li")i 

" l l.lssl-.." 

It wu» dnriti^ this time thitt the great 
" itiiiveraal trike ' look place* 
Spartai nwa» the great kuVtt teailer of 

tin time. And it I" l.i i altse of lii" "talld 

t'.i tint i Lum ilmt so lnile is toW of him. 
II'- i • lurwever.om "i thegrealcat mili- 
t ii t men "i i'n km tinn -. id- ronght 
and W>li eleven 1/nttten in mccesbutti uid 
me« In I- ith ni the eeleht rted lattths of 
jsil.mtii " ft, l'. 70, Thfa %%;ir had totted 
i"i mm year* and ,ii lasttl»ee Koutati 
cirtniva wi re sent ugaittut him. Just *s tlie 
battle is in licgin ispailaeiia' 1 1 target was 
liiuii^'lii in him. With a stroke nf his 
grert "W'.r l hi- slew the ^real 'harner' 

mid nhonting to his men, " V'lctorioaa, I 

"liill find h'irs»-s in plenty among the 
■ in tin . defeated, I shall u» lmi^er want 
••in . ' lie fell mum the kotiiaiia, Says 

\]p(iiaii ilie hisrtoriatt: " it uas a Serve 
fighi bong after vietoty waa kopeten 
Hpq i. us w.istr.u e.l by heap* of the slain 
wlin ruul fallen by his h nid, and his body 
H.i" ist completely in the awful earua^e 
which cloaed that day of blood." He 
%%.is ,he last nf the ureal ancient laUir 
Ii .iders. 

Tin- nn;. ins of ancient Rome were pub- 
lic bodicn » mph»ye«l by the i Itiea (tad the 
nation. Tbcj existed in this form for 
"«) years until Julius i_.esar, fur the lirsl 
tune in KoBM made IsWD agalott the 

union*. The si JV es had no right to or- 
gantae. Tin- trades were well organised. 
Keen the tax*etdiec.tora (victigalii were 

une of the lar^"- Important unimis. The 

teatntiteni and carrier* union* were also 
tiinsi important- The Agricultural union 
cultivated the .lid-. It wa* these Unions 

tint had wmked Ottl a tortof "I" llati'Hl.il 

co-operation m Stale Socialism. 

)'.. illustrate: The ^rain reeeived bjf 

the Tax-Oollector* uuion was irammorted 
bv the Carrier Union, to the city. Titer* 

it was turned n\i t tn the United Millers; 

from them h pa*«e*lto the United n.iker> 
Union and mi on with all the products of 
the M.ii. The profit Uikeii was not known. 
Tin- aristocrat could not be bow unless 
in- was a union worker, updsothe modern 
momiplj of i" ib) «wld not exist tn 
.nn n ut kome. 

Ttie mines all belonged tn the nation. 
The ore mined kj like Slinefe' Unioti was 
(timed rrvei t" the Smelters' Union and 
thej in turn lupphed the iron t>>the iron 
W'.ikeis Union and so on. The reason 
Rome w isai'le to couquer the workl was 
n ,it because she had greater generals, or 

I travel men. hut, Mtll|i1%' heeaiise she 
jhissi ssi d the best artisi.ius all "f which 

irere i«rgi»nbted Into their respective 
trades. The Coblders" Union made the 

slmes. and c?en a Sutlers' fuinn fed the 

koiiiin uiiiie. The aristocracy of Rome 
arvreabl Ithirsty set. They made the 

pour dave* tni'ider each other in the 

ureal amphitheatre just for amusement. 
Kvery great victory of the army or lwui- 
q'uet or lite death of a Rreat man, or the 
hirth of a child of the 4ix), was celebrated 

by gladiatorial butchery. Plaminius' 
father died in I »5 8. C, and h.id 73 nladi- 
ai, its -lain in boOOC of his deceased par- 
ent. Trojan »«• lb* Kb*"' krute- He 
uve an exhihili"ii of this murderous pas- 
time which l isted four mouths, and ten 
thousand workers killed ea. h other. On 

occasion, when fo.«l for the wild 

toasts was searoe. Cabgalfl fed the wild 
ammals with the Uvt bodies of men, 



women awl children, \t other times 

•In wnrkrrs were forced t" fight lions, 
ttgei and serpents and SO on. There was 

even a God-Sa»Uba Union employed to 
make toy gods, sat red trinkleta, etc 

While tin- Roman capitalist had his 
thousands nf slaws, go does the modern 
■ a pi talisd Itnve his thousands of "hands." 

Tin- old wnrld WAS in Iwneamps, likewise 
tin IllOfleni world is in two CampA. There 
were and there is the rich nation and the 

pom nation, ami between the two there 

iin- ami call I* no Community of interests 
nor s % mpalhy. 

It: this a^e however, we have in our 
pii"ses"iun the weapon of civilization— 
tin ballot- and rightly used this >»ener- 

fttion will free itself. 

" We tin!, we toil, hut 

we enter not in, 
Mke the trihesof the desert 

devoured in their sin.: 
I rom the land of 1'romise 

we fade and die, 
Kre its verdure fleams forth 

on our wearied eye." 

It tin ist se-em strange to ua herein Amer- 
ica to he told that the French working 
diss were breaking the laws of the nation 
by organizing a trades union prior to 
l-t-4. Inn men is the fact. And even 
HOW there are sour- laws against trades 
unions. 

Prom issn down to the present time, 
the wage wnrkers of France have been 
very active in the support of trade unions 
and trades unions legislative demands. 
At present there are 2.J00 unions with a 
tnendiership of about 410,000. In the 
eities there are central bodies called 
"Rowae* du Travail," which translated 
into English means I.ahor Kachanges. 
Many nf them pmvide a building for 
t! trades union homes and also (five 
money tn help pay their running ex- 
penses. The Bourses dn Travail of the 
city of l'aris is the finest lalior temple in 
the world. It coal $300,000, The city 
furnishes stationery, supplies the hath- 

rimnis with soap, towels, etc., ami appro- 
priates several thousand dollars annually 
for the printing of labor documents. 

The French Railwaj Union is organised 
mi somewhat similar lines to our Auieri- 

..iii Railway t'nfons, It has at present 
nearly I"".!*", members and is the most 
powerful. 

In ;-" there were -I7i • trades union 
strikes, of which 237 were failures. 
Many labor disputes are settled by arbi- 
tration. The prud-Uommes is the orficial 
name of the arbitration council- This 
institution was founded by Napokoo 100 

ve.irs ago. The council dispnses nf thou- 
sands nf cases by arbitration every year, 
saving the uniiuis many a costly strike. 

In no country in the Workl are the 
trade unions so strong as in (Vreat Britain. 

I die year ago there were a total of I ,330 
trides union societies and lJ.^i? local 

onions with a total membership of 1,467* 

si. J, Some 1 10.00U women belong tn 
the unions. One of the best organized 
Industries is the textile industry. In fact, 
t7 per cent, ol the textile workers in 

Cre.it Britain are organised! 

There are in muud numbers 7"""'* 11 ' 
nu n in the nation who are counted as 
nanus] workers and one out of five of 
this number are orga iii/ci I. This of course 
is the average. The agricultural laborers 
are most wholly unorganized, on the 
Other hand, in such industries as mining, 
shipbuilding, l*. x tile, etc., the pCOpcetkm 
in "nine cases is over Sf per cent. 

The three largest unions are the en- 
gineers, 301,506 members; miners, jh4,- 
sin. members, and the Textile Union with 
JIJ.J'il. Nearly all the trade unions 
have sick, death, unenipl iyed, relief and 
accident benefits, and pay out for these 
more than J5,U0O,o(XJ annually. The 



unions have "cash on hand " at present 
of nearly nine million dollars. 

) I' cause the F^nglish workers are so 
well organized is largely due to the fact 
that they received 1 1 per cent, more of 
their product than the workers of our own 

country. 

The trades unions have a large represen- 
tation in the various legislative bodies 
and have sent several of tluin members 
to Parliament. 

[{very strike, every boycott, is a pro- 
test against injustice. F.very strike fos- 
ters the spirit of independence and man- 
hood and is a defense of the rights of the 
toilers. 

There is need of organized labor so 
long as a thousand crimes are perpetrated 
Upon labor, as long as child labor pre- 
vails, as long as there are robbers and 
robbed, as long as ]>uverty shall be the 
lot of the toiler. There will be no need 
of organized 1 .nor when that times conies 
when labor shall receive the full fruits of 
labor's toil. 

So long as we have a system that gives 
to those who do the least and to these 
whii do the most the least, there will be 
need of organized labor. So long as the 
robber wage system is in existence we 
shall need organization to do battle 
against this, the greatest robber of all 
times. 

When labor has obtained all its rights; 
when labor can enjoy art. literature and 
music; when labor can dwell in a splendid 
bouse; when slarvati' alias been aliolished 
from every land; when the hut ami hovel 
have disappeared forever and labor has 
been crowned in all its right, then, and 
not until then, may we talk about dis- 
pensing with organized lal*>r. 

Already we can catch a glimpse of the 
dawn beyond the clowds of that coming 
day when labor shall be free. — /•'. <>'. h'. 

Gordon^ in AppeMto Ktuson. 



Oiflcer.5 of Labor Unions Much 
Abused Men. 



The most abused man in the ranks of 
Organised labor is he who tries to better 
the condition of his fellow-workers. It 
does not matter how sincere he is, or 
whether he is paid for the time he loses ; 
and it is often the case that the man who 
does the most work in this line is the less 
thanked, not to say paid. F.mployers 
call him an agitator, and assert if it were 
nut for him they could hire cheaper help. 
Kmployers do not slop to think that the 
poorest paid people in the land to-day are 
the officers of labor organizations. If 
some of them had to do the work gratis 
that is performed by good and true union 
men they would throw up their hands in 
holy horror; the conservative labor agita- 
tor is a benefactor. It is through his 
efforts that fair wages and short hours are 
granted ; it is he who fights the battles i if 
his many followers, and it is he who is 
first discharged when the occasion re- 
quires a lay ing bi'f or a reduction of ex- 
penses, lie is a bold, bad man— in the 
B i s of the employer. And yet this same 
agitator may have a large family to sup- 
port, and the time he loses is his own 

loss. A labor organization without an 

igitator might as well not exist. Tin- 
men who slump the corridors of the leg- 
islative halls looking after labor legisla- 
tion are also dubbed agitators. Wil li 

should you call the well paid lawyers who 
look after the interests of corporations 
around the Capitol ? The% ire not agita- 
tors. Oh. nn! They mini be called 

legal gentlemen, n is mily the man who 
has the courage to wdcf the sentiments 

of the oppressed toilet tk it is an agitator 

— -/*//, Stationary ' ' " 



Sivti'.s. men on the Tiliin division of 
the Big Four, at Titf.u, Ohio, struck for 
|| ^5 a day, which the company refused, 




14 



THE CARPENTER 



Sees (Irjtve Danger in a Larger Army. 

" Tin- C; -is of I >■ m" i]n- subject 

of .nt addrc *s ■ 1 1 livi n d u cefitly in linlus- 
tri.il lull, I'liil.t.K lphia, by Hettl \ Cnu^, 
Jr., Iifl'-iiv tin- fhi.l. hearing his name. 
'J'lu suiting eapao.it} <>t tlte h ill M i- l.iM .I 
1" the UtUtO*t, Jlttd lho-e y -t i -l nt ti 1.1 ii* 

rented their appreciation of hi* effort. 

Tlii- spchker h evi re in lii- combin 
nation of trnats, monopolies .in.l special 
privilege* growing out of government fa 
vnr, augmenting out ft all reason the for- 
tune* of the tvv, to Ihf detriment nf tin- 
many. Eta ladhfesd it ti» he a serious 
menace tin- republic when ,i few men 
can dominate affairs, which hmh- to 1«3 
ilif inevitable outcome of existing con li- 

t i«>ns. 

" Before tlte Si nate r the i nin .1 si.th s 
to-day." -viiil Mr. George, ''is a hill au- 
thorizing a standing arm> i'f lOO.IKlO men. 
This is nut of at] proportion t>» the needs 
of tlir country, and these soldier* will not 
he used against foreign enemies nor will 
they be required to take the field against 
the Indiana. Xn such neeeMity willariae, 
inn labor (roubles are apt to occur at any 
time, and in such .in event the raited 

Slates army will be required In suppress 

the so-called insurrection. 

" These soldiers arc trained t" i arryout 
the owlets of their officer*, ami they will 
do ii conscientiously and pitilessly even 

though they art.' iuld In sho.it down men 

who an- struggling to .yet living wages. 

••Recently," continued the Speaker, 

•• we had the spectacle of a Snpreme 
Court Judge i-^iiin^ an order by Which 
union leaders were forbidden not only to 

interfere with employes, hut al-o assist 

them in their fight against their employ- 
ers, tn this decision i-siaMi-hing u re- 
markable .i precedent, unions art* re 
strained from paying <>r promising to pav 

any former employe money with which 
to continue organized and concentrated 
action. This is supposed to be a free, 
county, inn what shall become of the 

family of Ute laboring man if lie be ab- 
solutely in the powerof an employer with 

practically no redress ? H L - is helpless?" 



katronlze Home Workmen. 

(Hiring the pisl few years a number of 
outside contractors have eome U) Rat 
Portage in the spring and secured good 

contrai ls and made money Otih to leave 

in the fall with the proceeds, They 
spend only enough for living expenses and 

have very often heeti the lneaiisnf taking 
jobs from men who live here all the year 
round ami spend their money in the 
town. The local contractors should have 

the preference e\ery lime, even if the 
price is a liltle more, lor thc\ have their 

reputation to keep up, ami are hereby 

hound to da -.,.,,| work, ami it will ulti- 
mately ]ia\ the man who secures their 
services. 

At a recent meeting of the v rpentera 1 
ami joiners' Union No. j-s. t , folk.wing 

resolution was pass,-,!. It speaks f,,r 

itself ami wa trust it will have the deaired 
effeel. .m a recenl meeting of Local 
Union 255, it was moved by M. W. 
Sleiglitholm ami seconded by J, J, Hart, 

thai, 

Will ki;as, II has heen found during 
Ihelasi few years that a nitmher of eon- 
tracloi seaineinlM Kal I 'a, lag, -from eastern 
towns remaining only for the summers' 
work, and not having Ml) interest here 
OUtaitle of making all they can otti of the 
tOWn, but each carrying away any- 
where between f^'xi to C5 ( 000 which 
should he left in the town and distributed 
anong the local contractors. Jt L - it 

Reialved, That wa the Carpentera' and 
Joiners' Union Mo 255, request the people 
of Rat Portage not to patronize an) who 

are not permanent residents of this place, 

but to give their work lo loeal contractors 

and thereby encourage home industry 



a Scab, 

There is no wool in the Kuglisk Ian* 
guage thai carries so much of hatred, 

scorn, loathing and contempt is the word 

"scab." Once branded and n m m i- 

marked for life, There is no escape, 

it i- infinitely worse than the Inaud thai 
was placvl njioti Cain, h goes with a 
m ill everywhere, it shadow* his every 
footstep ii (level down*, and no won- 
der, for il i- a s\ :i,hi\ ui nfall ili.it is tin , in. 
conteni]>tit>ie and unmanly, it desig* 
nates the lo-s nf dignity, honor, principle 
and maulinod, h signifies that it is Ini- 

po^sihle foif its owner to descend to lower 

depth-, fie has tried to undermine men 

who are tiatUillg tot the 1'ie.ul ami btlttci 

of their wives and chthlren. He his 
sought to defeat hutfeltuws mci rivet tin- 
chain- of oppression around them. Judas 
I sen riot or Renetliet ArnoU| wonM ncvei 
have sunk | low. The criminal from the 
penitentiary may, tO SOme decree, re- 
habilitate his character, hut the " scab ' 
is an eternal fixture, a living niominieul 

of stif Inflicted shame, a reproach to 

honest men, a something tliat bears tin- 
outward semblance of a man but front 
whom tin- dignity of manlumil In- de- 
pnrted forever, \s men shun the leper 
for u-ar of physical coiitttuiuation, sn 

thty shun the " -cab " for fear ■>! moral 

contamination. When a ii an liaa de- 
scended so low as to deserve this vile 
title, il is as eternal as though graven oil 
marble tablelsor plates of bra-s. It never 
desert- him. It even descends With him 
tO the grave, ami accursed i- his memory. 

- -JS.t'i httttge. 

Alarming Influx of Japanese Cheap 
labor. 



A special agent of the Treasury Depart' 
tnent has g< i . Sn : Prancisco to m- 
veftigate the influx of Japanese labor. 

According to advices received at the 

Bureau ol Immigration, more than thirty 
thousand Japanese have heen brought into 

the country under contract during the 
last -i\ months, and no less than twentv- 
live thousand more are under agreement 
to come within the next four months. 

"The Japanese laborers now being 
brOUglll in by the way of the coast ports 
arc all umler contract," sai-l the Special 
agent mentioned, before he Started on his 
journey. " A padrone who has his bead' 

quarters at Taeoma is the one who brings 

them here. He can give the far-famed 
Italian padrones cards ami spades ami 
beat them out with ease. ([•• has agents 

in every cltj and town on the coast ami 

aloitg the border. He has other agents 

In Japan who gather Hp the hundreds and 
thousands of poor fellows over there ami 
make them si K n agreements to work for 

this Tacoma slave driver. 

" Before they are shipped 10 this coun- 
try every Japanese is put through a 

thorough lesson ami given thirty dollars 

in cash hi order to paa* through the im- 
migration official 'a examination that they 

are hooked for when they arrive on this 

side. Most «,f the mi n now being shipped 
here come to work along the threat North- 
ern Railway . The tailro.ml eoni|«niy pays 
|l.23 a day for the men. Out of this sum 
the padrone takes i ouartci- or, to he 
more explicit, he takes fifteen cents as 
his commission from the company and 
ten cents as his commission from the 
men. 

" The laborers work on blindly at a 
dollar a -lay ami are glad to get thajoh, 
h'very Japanese that COBUSt in throws just 

that number of Americana out of work 

or prevents them from securing il." 



A loKcj- of ghia employed in the 

Sundry of Ihe Stanley Shirt Factory, at 
Trenton, N. J M have struck because their 
pay was cut in half. 



The Trials nf London Simp lilrls, 

Not -lin e " Tom " I b'.»| wini. In 

"Soliy ol a Sllllt 111- Loltdoll belli ii 

stuteil up b\ the win - and disidvunj Igl - 

of -ho|.j.-ir 1- 'file etn-.i le ,ic.pi-t ihe 

inhuman conditions Hiiil iffivi llw* lives 
oi ihe-e hi ljili-- toilets, i- iMunug mo 
incntitui evert dny Hn igir.il >• nl i 
Chiefli coufiui'd to tlu uni'lioiaiioii nf tht' 
cmniitious thai t h the g»Hs in llii 

mOTV letllote ib-t'Ut- nl llll- \ i ! ltli Nop 
oh-. I \ i, \ s n lel.ii \ i,t the etlK 

Closing \— . « :.a ii ai, sjjtv* thai il 

H Ibi-.ihead\ bt en U'C/tlllpltSllC^I I'be 

ptii-]i, i i- ni ilu- a— I,, i. ui. ui lie Irriclit. 
Ii i- mi. Lei -to" I thai tin- n, .i, i,. i i-djit 
evil- in i onitection with tlte i ni; 1-e. in 'tfl 
ot girl* will i'c ibn'.i-h, .1 

Mi. St icy s.iii| In fhon> >ittl 
caeca ^iil- empb>yi I in (In i..n - md 
sh.ip- ui t he ] ii i. .1 1 i dl-.;rict o| the i:t 
are Mthiected h.n.l-h'.;.- '.h it .ue tej'ii;- 

nnut to those wlio long t»> <■ the 1k.*um 
di ■ eloptnent nl tin* hnin ui taee, 

,v JlUting the critical |<n;>>l ..r I hell 
Hves when tin- growing frame denuuds 

« ri'-t ami leisure, lhe\ .in furt'e»l to -t - .| 
from nine in the linn nil .• till tt n a] night 
without recreation ol an* tle-Htiption 
The; are not^ll mm\ iSiitiir<la\ hilt |u«|i 
day, it i- eH«4(timn in the largi we^l 
end -ton - lo keep ihe I, :n ;,■ , ntplot ■ - 
tied to tin it task in cn»wded r aans, 
breathing an unwhole^ouu um»spher«L 
lrmn e.uly uii.riiiu^ nil uiidiu.dii with 
out even the -ma'.! conifurj ol a it. 

" An act of i^rliainetti deem;- with 
these atxiM.** i- being gi win ill . cirfmi e.l 
lo the great relii f nf lircrd and ■'];,-. . ., ■) 
hnnumit) 

We an doing all we t-ail t IH\K'\ 

heiier cotalittotH Wean u «whi l»«g»-i 
the employer^! ti proviile Itvttei ventil 

ation ami hupr«IVvd - itiit,u\ 1 1 ittdi t n m-. 
Man> of tin- lewhng men ..i the empire 
are beginning to -, . t|,,. impfim ,n, ,• ,.; 

-mh an undertaking, ami they in 
earnest!) coHrpernting tu the to**] w»nl 

\V i»rk Wanted. 

The l.omlon police authorities have 
made the significant announcement tbc 
since the beginning of the African nut 

there has been a great tic* n t-i m , i ntn - 
of apettj nature, owing to tin fnt th.it 
the perpetrators of thewoffem i - maiuH 

men out o! work and thii- t. ..... J t, ,t, ,: 

had gone int.. Hi,- aitny, an. I w, tb. r. 
fore, temporarily removed front w iiii. 
Therefore it was brea. I and rtol patriotism 

that swelled the ranks of the M.luiltnts 
for South Afriea, ami n argues ill h.i 
phil niihiopii efiorts that mi n an- f»»rci ■! 
into the biisim-s- ,.f killing their fellows 
bei aiisi thvj i mm. i find honeM emplov 

lllenl. Till WOrkl Will be i, ut ..( j<,] nt so 

long aa any considerable [airtionoi men 
are debated to iiii tin natural right to earn 
their htead in tin *weai of theii '-n-ws 

Hiiuianitat i in- win, , in,,, ,|.t,, , \ ltyl 

relation wiih all i ondithim <<t nren are 

inipiesse.l b) Hi- la. t tint tin- n ,1 m il in- 
stincts oi the nwjoriti of mankind are 
honest, ami thai a greal deal ol crime is 

jllsllv chargeable lo the t.ui thai lllen aie 

aot given the chance to work out tlic-tr 

destiny honestly. Tin ptm h ol [lOVert) 
and the inabiliu to n a< h a secure footing 
drive men into sharp practices ami into 

absolute dishone-ty, crime ami deceit, 

rather than any natural inslim is of ,|, . 

pravity. it would serin, therefore, thai 
onr philanthropy, as magnineent ami as 

getterOUS as it has come lo be ill (hese 
latter times, falls far short of reaching its 

pttrpoae when it cannot pmvide willing 

hands with work. Willi s,, Qttliy tluill- 

samlsof mites of the earth unpopulated 
and uncultivated, there shoukl be work 
ami bread for all, acermliug in the divine 

plan, and win n this plan fails h inusi be 
Charged to human failure to carry on tin- 
affairs of life in a natural way, 



\ i i tit ut \ nun Malt hi 
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tin nusci v iiii tin i-ont-. , i 

ui .nig, !- b, tlmauiH ( m 

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Noll. In m, nh ale In . ,|. . ( 1 

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pi . w ai i in 1 \ m in n ; tun, . , i 1 

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Nun when i in wt -t h i 

till l.irvavt'iA ; ■"! ni 

In the i i ■ 1 1 1 i i 1 1 1 1 i ] i 

No'l- nl (i l.n.pi !,a\ i gpi^i .„,, ■ 

lion t -. w i I ! i -» pi , , , 1 1 1 1 , , | . 
ain'Kfo h i> ■ b, , t un< p.. p..; | ,., 
pi inn- loft 'In -,'ti .it I i, t n iu ' .. 
"in day tin pi an i| , in-, i, , ■ 
ptllti i' ' 'i mi,., |it)»] t ', ,: 

iu iii di ii . > n. hi n j mi ,, 
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pnpnkifroii -n min fi i- uj pli ■. ,, 
iriju-t dtstrilnuio ittai shui 

1 l'"il III till t I. i of '<■•■* \. ,., 

I hi > i, i 



Tit) Urdu tin- !,, , , ... 
Host on M i- hi b, i n , , 
i ninpri 'lu.-i i.-iei tu, n: p,, . | , 
win ti-' ■•■ the eugitu ' t- w : 
hour- 4 Ax itwte id ot t, n i, 
vitin \i igi -. 1 Itt tjelll >rii| 
eight hour il.tv nub a mi'ium 



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Trekking ! 



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j„i,h jew * ■"" 



THE CARPENTER. 



15 



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ILLINOIS. 



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KENTUCKY. 



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LOUISIANA. 

Nl w Diil.1 \v< --ii-. r. i ir\ "!' I n-1 i .'iii' il, 
I li. tt , u, i saw I"-, Itim -t 

Any 1 ittl'.i tx' 71 1 1 -im, !,, t »l 
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MAINE. 

ii .iii-i- i' plntitmet '7 itmiumi r -t 

Hah 11 a k qi .d .J> K. Whitskcf 

I, i\vi-i..% i.i" I I.i in 1 .nnl. iili r...ir 

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MARYLAND. 



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INDIAN TERRITORY. 

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IOWA. 

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in.. Jn- M..1M- 1 V M'.'iiiull, III., 1. null ii 
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MASSACHUSETTS. 

aimm- Mmiv shrrnoiu i V 1 1 -t 
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MINNE50TA. 



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MISSISSIPPI. 

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MISSOUkL 



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— 1 -.nit Ii 1 1-, tt I 1 

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MONTANA. 

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W 1, hi vt l-AtlJi 11 %l l.nnilwrt, lh»« WR 

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16 



THE CARPENTER. 



NRBRASKA. 

113. I.INinIN 1 A II I VI - IliS illllst. 

Ik'7. OMAHA M II V.i mnictl. .'MU'innt st 
k'T'i S nsmiA s S].. iim , S, i iniiitia. 

NRW HAMPSHIRE. 

i i.xi'ii«ii-i.. p Whit ford, II* Ihrwttlnf st 
NEW JERSEY. 

TMV Aunt u\ ptkk Uiih. mi II Carr, Bo* vr 
4:!".. All i\ik lin I' / Wnil, i 'jrj'i Cnafitati 

HK1, HaVuxxi Morris* 1'rlitnun, 1st AtT. C 

" P A Mill, l lid Am II 

ISI RniiiottTirN i ii Reevcx, 1 IA I >im iiv xt. 
9), t'iMiiix I' I Peter* m. *M Wr»f|int»l 
MM. i>"\ i h I kiini/ 2Jss Morriaat, 

ai'.l. Rl IIIKKIllltn-M, A. Kitt.xt, ".mi- 

xta.!! 

it™ Krtxvni in ii /miiiifi iii.in Jin smith vi 

Hka, I it 1 |OUtl K lilt II I I >i'i liirr 

2»-*i. ItACKKXItAi.' K I at. Patoti, lit-l ami 
|0W« ». 

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In7 'at II MtV-era Wl M 'litui s| 

II: C»», !>l-t I oll'li it, t ,c , ■ Ilaim.k 

l«U "inlliiiiil xl , Xu. Ill tgrn. 
(ST. |»vijroT««s -Clmx Van Wttt, 
I i», itcKM.v Cirt i i' i n-iTi ST a letvelt aw. 
li\ Mid l<»nu Mutit..Vi|tVtand M. 

J>'J. " \n; /lllltlli tlllnll, 7n l.i A 

iMtftim itve. 
W2. " i I ttynn, M Ninth si 

."•*>!. 1 1 u , ill i. .it i - knlx-ii Mann. ton, 

JUS! Wi lister ave. 

l"i7. " slntr-i i'. I i iii.in, 2S IWd si., 

Wi clem kl II 

151. I.fixr. iujascu k h i- V. Bonen, RoxlMi, 

l,nni* 1 I.I1U ll I in 

Hfti. Mn i \ 1 1 1 1 \w Mi Xt.il, i 22 \V. Main -i 
ij i .Miiv i t i .iiK |nmm \M.n il. Ill I'umi st. 

Is-S. MoMKIKTOWX -C\ V llc.ll>-. imk Box IliS. 

Nkwahk— Scvreiary of Irixirlet Count 

I I skinner, >xn v 'illlull ave. 

lift, " -Ti" n. Long, in Onvlu *t. 

Nru .it k 

130. tier ill Kachetrh a. SI }»U / isi 

1 1\ Herman Henry, lift hi> a-vi 

Mi. -A. I.. BftkIc, 122 N -i 

7is. •' ~\<>«t.i ci, AmKh,<V(4ttiirittt(fifl>l 

111 c 

sA n i w On an*, i lame* Cure) 

Oka.n«>k— l ; Suborn, 22 Chapman at. 

■'J. I. 1* A lilt SUN -S S1W, Jtl Walt I XI. 

Mil. I'akaaic -Ii I Kiniir. lul Madiaon al 

l«V I'I Kill Atllmt W . II I'.lllh. .'.I !.«■« I- si 

.'"a. I'liii i i i'si m. w s r.iiitis.ni, s l inrtir 
1.10, i-i.ai.m-ii Li>- tt in ii l.unierr. 10 Writer. 

veil air , ,N l'lnillfi#ltl 
BUI RAIIU'AV ft lli llll-l aill< I . s',1 lllHinl Rl 

..Vs. knsi i i i Ktlwnnl V Mnunon. 
4>W. KnMI k\ ii i i K I Italy kr, 
.:|. I'm \H'\ a \ Lnrhish, 129 Dftatttwidi 

a s'(*. 

III*.'. I'NInN Mil l. i'.ii 1 W i i istlu k.TJI Ailmu 

-t iltihokrn. 
CIO w"i si i 1 1 i n |iihti i ioltrn 
aw. W isi iIiiiiiiki s - Chfltim I'i-iliKli, 'Jiil 
Minis, n Uuntevnril, Hill 

NEW MEXICO. 

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NEW YORK. 



'271 

Bull. 
SU, 
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163. 

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Arin kx - »•; h Koon, lid rranklln nt 

BA I A VI A -I'.vIiIu mI W':i»l*lllk , I!' Srvt-l ] hu e 

HiMiii iMi in.N -ii W, Taylor, IHKxchnnge 
-i Mill K. I' snfl..i<l, 21 
Ruth n ronl si 

11 K i is \ - Secret ii tv of I listi ii t t onncll, V. >. 

• hfell, iiTW K, H nil si 
Wuhiii uvst— Hecrrtnr) < • t hinlriel Council 
I Mm liounhl \'£l lid avc 

— Otto /.eil.iij. I tX! In Kstti live. 

— ii'.er (.'uli Mkis .\ lilelfurat, 

Is |..||, 1 \ S| 

-•Rdw Tofiin. MiU Hchrnk nv* , 
sni. Sta 18 

— M I I .->'.« 
-Martin l'entsm 
W. »'. Ilnxl »1ik. 

—C, I), Monroe, 
— M Aiicnce, !H3 
(tier, i Kii ii Kubnel, tfi Myrtle 
■ve., Krerjiri ru i i 

" S Ii, lilliuit, l:".,si M:uk sine. 

Win Carroll. iHSlknietiiit, 
l in null m , r ,ili »t. 
ii ii I'liirts,,,, Ki^a'Al m 
Seervtnry of l>Mrki Council, 
Mile* l.fttle, 17 I'olej si 
W II Wl' KKltt, si I .laaiil xt. 

Mill \ i .tnii] in t t.i Mafuhali, 
- •'.'•I i i J . I'lrtcli.hH Koetiei i-i 
K 1 1 Vnkntn, ii' 1 1'twiixMO ti vi-. 
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I \u I ItAOl |..lin keril 
ii \ % Kin i liuil.x I'll rie 

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l isiikii i. i,N iii i.sii.x- John I', i i lirlen 

Pt.t'KlllMi M Ki tllieilv, li'W New I xl xl 

r.ttNBVA w w DniliwiH.SdiHollrnlieeh «vt 
t.i.n.u I'm i s t hus Taylot H Chnrtotte hi 

KllBNKM.aVILt.il i.. WliKlil. 
lK\'ivi,ro\ -A. II, Snillli llux 1x7 
Isi.ii', 1, 1 -i-', n Woodkull, Hay Shore. 
Iiiiai'a H. A. Whiiluif. itwAnl.'urnal. 
lAMi-xTiiWN-Jlio, II1.11I011, ai Si>, Miiiiml, 
Ki.vi,Minii,t,l.- John l orxliav, ml t n'011 

, aw.. Kew York City. 
Kt.Vi-lsTuxj—Ii. C. J'eti-ixon, |fi Huh Million. 
I,iNi,i,NiirKWT-l,. I, A kii'hl. 
Mttlk i'a i.j s — T, k. Mangtui.lltw, M.m. 

roe Ml, 

l,ocicrimT-w. a. Plant, Lincoln an 

I.ono latAM-oCfTV- / KeaiJeT.fi Utt Uteuv 
Mamaronscm -JohnC, Hull. 
MAhrti-.-vA— n. t KDif. 
Mtoni now* -C, l(. Pieknnl. 
Mr. VnitOM— A, Hutch In*.. 11. Itl soufli «t. 

" J. IHiinlsley, ,'IJ Ho. High, 

NKWin'W-i— fotm rrmpletoii, if".!' kenwii-k. 

Nl w km III LI 1, J 'riioni|ix.,ii,H7r.rovenv. 
Ni.WTi.«'\', l„I.-pelrrA, Aiaknioo, Hot U, 

earotu, n. v. 

N«W Vonx- Serri'laiy of H»ecullve t'ouii- 

'JIJ, w ■ Mieehtiii, 174 Broailway, vv. 
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siiimi n, 1 1 - 1 11 Mi ! 1 hi 

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w.... t. stni , 1. 1 1 ,1 ■ 1 1 1 s VUlhanet 
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1 m r&llmad|{t,si« Kin «i 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

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II A OirMhuI. 27-i \ iTHi v| 
Coal4tiCTOR—U. II. sullivno, I20U 1 Main 
xl. 

UavtoN' I oil 11 Wrltritk MM I.I wli ti -t 
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i n 1 is u s Dvainirei n»-.| K .. xt 

Tin 11.1. M TH M llllyei I S. W'nlU' iim 

ifler 1 w Morlock, ikin Phk* h 
VorxoaTown w s Sloyer, no Vernon al 
/am hvn i.k-l'. Kappra, fetiiial ave . IWIi 
Wat. I. 

OKLAHOMA TtHR. 

nxi.AHOMa r K Rallanl Hon Ml, 
Sin 1 ha ti ia Chan RMrklct 

OREOON. 

lUm-a CITY W, nniifly. 

roi'-tt.A.Mj-Maviii lieaalrraoa, n..» h\n. 
PENNSYLVANIA. 

aklmobb-s. WaiefH, K a at rftntl , 

A I I k.. Ik., t 1 : , T j.A !■■■!.. 1 !>,,i. Wl lloyle 

- -Ulr 1 A, Weiiinmi, mi Troy, Mill id 
A I.LHUTuWN N. Mulloii, )0IU liirxtnul xl 

lixAVkK 1'Ai.u- A, Rttrry, Boa all, Hwm 
Brigttlon, 

kkl kii kUkM- 1. M. Swlnkei , (11 Htoadwuy, 

s. flethkhrm 
knAon,«n-W. li. Metjuow-ii, ii Ckarlotu 

live 

llt'TI.Kk- H. W'. kaimhiT, 

I AMNhi.m Julin 1,. Ikseki 10) lot, P. O. 

Allriflirijy 1 ,. 
Un-ania-HlHT s. Kr K i.y,Hiii i{, 111th xt. 
CoAiaavti.LH~C. J. Holly, U Pemta, Av«. 



K t II >< SS . Noll !i 

pit I xl .ill U h - 1 
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SOUTH DAKOTA. 

I.I tlii 11 ', W I M 1 .im ,1 s I , * 1 

TENNESSEE, 

lints 1., 1 w m Wall 

k HA t I <, M ,1 ., t—| Mt!t« i; >i| i.i 

Ul k-o% 1 ' 1 k \t llllftll.xi n 1 . II,- H 

k '.i \ Wl I I I I II .ii.l.l. • J 1 .1 la ■ w 
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TEXAS. 

I I s 1 1 1 a law field 11 , w kitrj 

I I I A I 111'*. I 11 ti nihil Hoi ii .1. 

t i 1 11 ' msi .1 tl Rngm 7 . 1 \t W .i'i . illc 

1 ' 1 x -> 1 ■ * s x 1 s 11 ".'WW id 11 vi 

)MI 1 1- W il. W ilk I tlx I;, v .' • 

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I < 11 1 tt 1 1 1 11 1 tl Ki ml, 1 1 1 tt 1 Hi 

I'ImiiIiiu Mi" 
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ll« Ii .ml li Inn' 

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l. l ' 1 .11. 1 1 •' Ui 

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w v. ■• t 1 u i,i„„ , 1 1..., mu 

VoAkl M I I III ,,s„,„ 

UTAH. 

1 ".i'i ■ I i' .1 ll .uat.l IIII t\ IkltfUirtOtl nv. 
Sal 1 I. ik 1 1 lit A Ira, v nin |,i„ , ls 

VIIRMONT. 

Hanni Ii A 1 noh . 1 11. I> M 

Si. Ai. iians Ii K Hi run in, 2*1 s Mafflal, 

VIR<ilNIA. 

iMNt11.11 1 w' Ken, 111 fifetCabelt al 
i.v m iini'Mi.— k 1. itanlel, 
NawpuRT Nbwm p u Miell, IW Ifikli 
— J. P. Kilwnnli, 

VA'aahlitifloii im 

NOHfOl.a II W' till n. Ilk, li, 1n1.nl 1 xl 

i'i 1 1 aanrau I 1 Harner, 1 :i Mill. 1 «i 
PoaTataot"! u 1. w 1 . * .,1. v ,7m. 1 1 ,..i, .1 

kll.UMl.Xli 1 1 A 1.11,-y, J2X x, | ,,nrtll »t 

WASHINOTON. 

Kvkrki 1 s I. lutlkina. 

Rl fOMMt P, J. Slira 

HKAi it.n- r,ro w Until', tiltttipii' liliiclt 
Weal ami Virginia xu 

HatlKANtl J i\ AinlriltriL. ItrJH i ,„ , ,| n ,. r Hv 
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I tic Man With the Vttti 

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CUT THIS OUT 

H ifi , • !l . ' 1 a r> r|i>,| * fl .| t , I »« 

1 i at p*tflt#4 

HOW Ttt i'K A MIt A IK U SE, 

or Hnuir artJ xtiml I r»mifiu 
tiyOWEN 11 , MACINN1S 

h :iK pear ti al mj' .e r. 1 be aim ■ .: +* 
MMh t« 1 layinf ant, (taaiiaf aad ra tiaf 1 »rhr 
>■■ ' i-'. 1 «xtb»r • 1 B| « -1 I xx« . .i'-hmI 
tyiteiti ( Id i fi*mii>4 i:.» ikhale mattt • ntj 

» 1 1, ., . .' I 1 ■ a »r- MttMrt ' it na 
11.. I Ktra«! :.«H 

' "N11S [ s !•„, 1 

1 ha|itti I fieneral daatri| fH« 1 iata) 

t ranifl 1 • aavt llitti a « 1 . 1. n 

I In 'nil 1 i,. 1 , |:.,, , 11 -iftrt 
s « « 1 ' '-tl ' Keamt c ' ' 1 •* 

*< '■ u » Ooeatafi Wail I «■»• " Rixa 
I 1111', .11 

L'h*|.|«i Ml In n, mil in! W ., , ■ k,» 
Fraaiai I •mleit. Suit, p «'t »». 1 • ■ 1 1 1 , 
Chattel It !«.»...»• attt Pirsi • 1 ■ id I -oar 

J..'»1» "I l>jn,|, l r.„u i 1 ..., t tn ! W» . I fetti 

t naptai v | „, cvii mai) Fraanaa ikt R 
( kaputi t 1 Kai*lnn 

IM I II K f Ki. ,| ' 

1st- I Ml 

II w I . lijm. |A« 1 mk*n I 1 .1 III. » M HM 

1 t it. 1x1 I 1 rtneri 1 i.j :. ■ ■ r'irti - 1 , t.n 
pri.i.f I rvStt*<t,Iin| and Wuml I 1 I - a ■ 

Chaater M - hi aad liunti Si»r) keaiai ' « 
Ittluat, Hil |eui|j mnl A agu 41 Ftaiaiaj 

Ckapttr III Cirtiifuonioj W' 1 ,. 1 . mM 
•ii i 1 1 .it 

t na| in It" Rooi». 11.. thaadw ami it mi 

l I, ■(.!», t W j (Il II I ill V I'I 

1 hai t I II... , Ream, and i..rj»tt • Man 

llik .lainx 

Ckaiii'i VII ||,,« ,, |r,, TIir . 1.. , 1 j 
1 in- vnfk it iHuaoatad .a. I aapraint-1 * *• 

latsi aii(lairin|i i.l ii.,nt»», r..,.|t ell , n ; ■ 1 -I '■ 
il..lh 



PRICE ONLY 



$l.0O 



"Roof Framing (Dade Easy" 

rati tplandid i.....k contain i »; i na*Mfn anil 

■jravitirfs ami i..nn il.t nun. n,„- 1 ha ' '• 
on v fi.on rkttu 1 , n ,|,.,|, W „|, v \, ,„,, t urt 
» atpentn tkouhl hav« naa 

A aractual aaii x.tiiv vamprtbaadad t>ai fr " °i 
laying out ami Iramine 1 nrfi a.ia|,ir.l la "lara 
buildini mnnruritua 1 he matbatM art maik m 
and intrii, K ii,i r M4ta aaianatva Malaawarf at 1 1 



iN I'HI'PAKATHiy 
t'ricf - $i.oa 

14 How to Mramurr ttp Wood >""■* 

fur ftili hlint/*.' 

An nhautiivr itxatur tli.i«in< ho* la Hgura "i'»" 
ihe wiindwurk requlitd in ltrn.lt w I i«tur il-"*" 

lllntHalnj hy mn i V . rn U iaTiii H t will. !«"" 
tttl 

8iad Caaa at Paat • nfn « • trdat 1 1 
OWEN II. MA(lliNM5. 
Jio W«at lalith St., New Vorlt CUj. 



\ 




THE CARPRNTER. 



MORRILL'S PERFECT SETS. 




Bench Slops. 
Car Sealers. ^ 



Universal Punches. 
Cutting Nippers. 




CHARLES MORRILL, 



TR IDE 




273 
BROADWAY 

New York. 




nrovrruro patent, m 30.S7S. 1 

...» ..u and "ilf' r H .r,:w.ir* Si •«■ u i.** t inv make. 



KION PHIMEftS LA! i I 



• ■ 



\ »f ft: . > » 

najno llnl ' 
. ; M 



r J I s, 




Wararooms, 
New York, Philadelphia. Chicago 



Factories and Qeneral Offlca*. 
New Britain, Conn. 



|fi>v.. .mated s ? , wo:o wcswfPij^ 



NAL ... • O* I I'm 



Glass Knobs 

FM >on$. ORiWMfH * 

hammacher. Schlamme? & Co. 

I PDWfHT HtW YORK 



: i 

SASH WEIGHTS 

E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Win us,- inferior Stall WtigllU when our uood* *W he ohuinril Iron 
ir> good HanlwMc bttlet claim fot our yuoti-* 

HONEST WEIGHT 
NO LUMPS OR FINS 

All WEIGHTS WELL CLEANED AND PLAINLY MARKED 



P. & F. Corbin 

Manufactu rers of Builders 1 Fine Hardware 

025 /Market Street 

^.^PHILADELPHIA 

PHONE >0. 373J 



The Model Hand Box. 

I PATENTED) 





i .it afemn 1 » • i"» fm K 



Special >\ ei^lit 



, l6 ' „,,-. ■ ... rhufc and ...e h.n B r.| i.^ther w lih rte 1 bWKM. faaewne^ wM 
Uouw ti™" "nt»«ly. i iun»l la w acre**, li rinii »•*», •""> lual, - v » la »"" 1 ch « r * 

' ,; " Pw^VpS, i « n wathi ctAi w ■ if«lwidb«M ■ i p J - l"» hi hia che*i. 

, ... ,,, . ,,t ihi l<ncltAbm*n'a l>.^ and tli ivenience ff the 

%f i-l^l^.wl ' V u J « i«*lha 'I'll art' I a at! ennth ».n«t liiurv half-inch 

Made as differed . ^ ::.,;,,.i J n >• ••»«»•»'•• l * n * 

i 



PRtCS, 



$:'.(>0 each. 



*.»■ <v»,.ntm'lv n>fc thai >uf rfooda ne .pact-Hew 



10 PY 26 WCHC &. 

Simple, P^twalJ 
VallKbll. am 




i 



THE St(w \RE ROOT 
DELINEATOR 

OR KCYTOTHEL STEXL SQUAHCv 

BY A.W.WOOD3, 
GiVet m ''PLAIN fi$(Jt?£STN£UNCm 

runs, mm pitch. owtK. 

aernk rot? cue* w&& H mm 

hoppot 5* mm "ZVtffa 

Sent post m». Pfuct5>LUU 




WM. P. WALTER'S SONS, 

TOOLS cS: HARDWARE, 
1233 Market Street, Philadelphia. 



STANLEY'S 

UNIVERSAL PLANE. 

|N» I.ID1M. : 

Mpuldir^PlanHtMatch.Sa.h.Chimfi'r.B'fJiiitii;, 
RiM'dirigi Fluting, Hollow, Round, Plow, Dado, 
Rabbet, Fllletster and Slitting Plane. 




- 1 



1 



THE CARPENTER. 



LANE'S BARN DOOR HANGERS 




— 


















t 



■iTAN'i'AKli 



.'At T!KS 



-PV " I A I. " 50. 

We are the originaton and largest makers oj U-shaped hanger* Get 
the GENUINE LANE HANGER for best satisfaction. 

ALSO LANE PARLOR DOOR HANGER?. 
Goods Sold by All Hardware Dealers. 

LANE BROTHERS COMPANY 

422-54 PROSPECT ST. POUGHKEEPSIE, NEW YORK. 

^fcim.H.MVm..,,,.,.,..,,..,...,,,,,,,,,, . i ... ...i.... ... • ...... .. ....VmVV.V.iVti.. ■ ttMAMM& 

The Atha Tool Co. 

NEWARK, N. J. 

Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 





I 

I; 



Si 



WILL PULL A WIRE BRAD 
| Best Material Best Shape Best Finish f 



FIRST-CLASS BOOKS. 

Cheap, Practical and Useful. 

Moor wn ('AM'KXTItY 4V U Hrii.i>iM.. s y l- 
ve»ler SI SO 

THK Hi 111. Hi'-. I.I II I' «JTO K-IIMM. U', 
1'HII J£ ](.» IK . Il0ll(jsilll 

Tiik Htki i. si;i .in , on How m C*n i r, 
Phai-i ii .i. < mi-! n i in . Ilodgana .... 

BTAtH-Hrii MM" MtUK !■: i - v . Elmlgfon . . 

Hami Kaimno Mali. Ea*v 

THK (URFIUITBH'iI ami. lit II iti:'- I ..Ml'UiTic 

CuMI'ANIiiN 2 90 



2 no 
I 1*1 

I Ml 

I M 

1 IB) 



Addrw. P. J. HcOl tKK, 

Ko, m, i'i,iii„iH|,iiiA, r%. 




will nuike ynn to oniir » twnknif* 
likf cut uIkivc, with yiiur pielnrn mad 
tianic tliert-im, with ctianioin cm*, for one 
dollar, nr a big two-liladfd C»rp*nl*ra 
Kniii- with German ailvtr cap, black 
handle. Tfj cent*, or tortome «hdl handle, 
one ilnllur Bfftdtl warranted to tutnd 
hard wood COpiug, 

E. LOCK WOOD 
190 I'oplar St. 



Rapid Mortise Wrought Steel Locks. 

Mortises made with a K ill. hit. 
Centres found with the Guaging 

Strike. Quickly applied 
Accurately Pitted 

A New Departure in Lock Making 

SOLE MAKERS 

Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co. 

NEW BRITAIN, CONN. 
PHILADELPHIA 
CHICAGO 





YORK 

BALTIMORE 



ARE 

YOU 
A 

UNION 
MAN? 
THEN 
STAND 

UP 
FOR 
THE 

PRINCIPLES 
OF 

ORGANIZED 
LABOR 
AND 
WEAR 
UNION 
MADE 
CLOTHING. 

(M J -I « • r 10 fcuj llMM fv< d»- b**U ii>. ll f..r thr Hfelng || 

«.*!:» i.i j n lapa BNwn taaplM ii-i attt iMmiiprwi 

iWM« Irallicr |>.Nck< t ■■IIHUWlllW b« k '[■♦. 

HAMILTON CARHARTT 4 COMPANY. DETROIT, MICHIGAN 

n. r frii. Hist i. auMn| CKIOH mai-f i loddtia potetw 




y»» II a«(p ii.. i m .... 
HMk, with • dataij 




CO 



to 



0) 

a 

D 

(5 

< 



8 if 

< CQ 

I 3 

S c 

I £ 
o o 

DO O 



c 
o 

"w 
c 

x 
UJ 



u 

c 

o 

w 
c 



i3 a 



0) CQ 

> 9 
co be 

a.5- 

3 



CO t 
fc < CO 

I . 



CO 
C 
1) 



•: — cANCHOR 'BRAND 




Adze Fie Sail Hammers 




! ARC EST MANUFACTURERS IN THE WOttl 

FAYETTE R. PLUMB, * 

PHU.ADF.LELPWA 



"Stempel " 
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

Unequaled for Simplicity. Certainty, 
Quickness and Power in Action 

Tested to 400 Pound* and Fully Warranted 
Approved by Philadelphia Flr« Underwriters 

U3EO BY 

UNITKD CJAR IMPROVKMHNT CO. 
PKOVIIJHNT 1,1 KB AND TRUST CO. 
KUITI AHI.K TKOST CO. 
dSion TRACTION CO. 
TOBW WAN* If A K BR ■ 

.VAiflA R. R. CO. 



ACADRMY OP FINK ARTS. 
XNICKKKHOCKUR ICK ca 
PK"*CCYD IRON WORKS. 
AMKK1CAN PCTLLKV CO. 
OKOROR V. CltKSHON 
WH8T PHI I.A DHL PHI A 
OIRARD COLL KGB. 



BOSTON I 



H P 



1217 PH.BEP" 



U! St. 



BENNETT 

- PHILADELPHIA, PA 



A M »nth»y Journal f'>r Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 



VOL, XX. -No. 6- ) 
Established 1881. i 



PHILADELPHIA, JUNE, 1900. 



Fifty Cents Per Year. 
( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 



tf/E manufacture 
our own steel and 
are therefore able 
I , watch the quality 
closer than any 
other saw maker. 



FOR QUALITY AND FINISH 

"Disston" Saws and 

CANNOT BE EXCELLED 
No. 12, THE FINEST SAW EXTANT 



Files 




Write for our 
Booklet 11 Practical 
Hints to Mechan- 
ics*' on the Saw, 
how to choose it 
and how to keep it 
in order. 



HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc., Philadelphia., Pa. 

ALL GOODS BEARING OUR NAME ARE FULLY WARRANTED 



■1 



TA1NTOR 

POSITIVE 
SAW SET 

ThoiiMUiU t,f this !<•<>! 

fc»tr :~-ti % ,,\,\ - n i,.t nirv 




Ifyowt IlnnlirnrrcIrnWd"*-. 
nut himllr ih. tti <k'ii l taki- in 
iiilcrmr set Im-aiiM- m.iik <'ne 
•ay*. " j nM •» BOIMl, . 

TAINTOR MFG. CO. 

9 TO 15 MURRAr ST. 

NBW YORK 




n 

s 

L. 



1. 

o 
« 

3 

m 

c 

— 
a 

c 

l. 

9 
3 

a 

l 



FOR SALE BY DEALERS IN BIJILDERS MKflfiitl 



PERFECT-ALWAYS 

Black Diamond Files and Rasps 



TWELVE 




FOR SALE EVERYWHERE 

Q. & H. BARNETT COMPANY 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 




KEYSTONE 

SPEGIAIi APR0J1 

For Carpenters 



CUT FULL IN WAIST ; WIDE IN LEG 



Nearlv twenty years in business, 
employing hund reds of hands, 
and never had a strike. 
That's our l a bor record. 

Cleveland & Whitehill Co. 



NEWBURGH, N. J. 



Auk yut dealer fur these excellent (.'arintDW 




W. S. THOriSON 

m a .s* i ■ k a t i' v i: k it or 

Solid Milled, Sa sh, Door, Blind, 
Bead, Ton g ue & Groov e Cutters 

Also Bent, Straight, Variety, Moulding 
and Cutters of every description 
and Steel Cutter Head Belts 



418-428 WEST 27lh STREET 



NEW YORK 



All oriitTH \ij mail fjn'iujtUj nth-Ljdeil to. 




T^T=fcT=l=t=i?T=A=T=I 



Sworn Circulation of THE CARPENTER, 

40,000 Copies Monthly. 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, 
Wood Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and 
Building Materials. Also of Specia 1 Advantage to 
Contractors, Architects and Business Men. 



i 

■ 



I 



m 



m 



THE CARPENTER. 



i < i i i i i i i i — 1 i 'n 
■ ■'11111,111,..? 



CHALMERS' STEEL SQUARE 
ATTACH MEM 



FATtNT APPLILi fOH 



Tlii- attSChfttent M paup' i mii \-r Hi. I on |.i - niarr, i tii-i-l, m*. Hi"! 
Rita, Vie, to E*uaV 0*|*ll 0» .lisluim' I b« i Hi -Imwi t»ti li \ . .1 for mil r.- 
int. H|l] Kiting U*t "f >|'imc. )*•»!• <i lit..- r. |'[n. sir t « .i !\>i !'..f 
Sr|tia|1&a rt.Llii.i .-I U'Vt-%, • I .1 -(nit. IT VOUI uVtlrf rtttM tt*Jt haOiitP 
tlit'Hi, w» nioi'i tin iii tn auy ttUlMroo rueijt if KU Celltfl r... h. A.. 1- 

« LI II I I'll. 

CHALMERS MFC. CO. 



Gladys Avenue, near Fifth Street. LOS ANGFLES, CAL. 




FOOT AND HAND POWER MACHINERY 



COMPLETE OUTFITS 

Carpenter in. I Ruildi fs wllhoill t*u»um i<nwer ran 
■aoOVWAall) OUmtWta will) t lie Urpr utinpa l.y 
unini: dut Nt« Labor >av lag Vm-riiaarjt. 

■Matt* Trial. SfmJ/'-r (btml l f mt ^. 

J>f*£Cl Mill AV'ff CO. 






THB VKBY BEST Fl «n*.< *r 

la made right here in Philadelphia and it i 
everywhere by wise people. It it 



stid it in the heat furnace because it K t„. t ,„ 
heat to the square inch than any other rurnac* 
matle. Its unique 
const ruction ICCMMfi 
this po«wil>le. 
"Hints about Heating" 
will interest and help you. 
It is PfttTR 

THE VERY BEST RANGE 

is BafQ made in Phila- 
delphia, it is 
THE EXCELSIOR RANGE 

made in seven aizceattd every conceivable etvle. It 
1ms been knows to Philadelphia Imusekeepets tor the 
jmsI ;u venrs hs tlie vet v ticst r.liipr. 

The aWGIC M range tills the bill fur a small, com- 
pact, inexpensive range. Pull iloct iptioti sent frve 
upon ir , jiiefit . ± 

ISAAC A. SHEPPARD & CO., ***** 

1801 North Fourth Street Philadelphia 

vmtK i . ud r HAf/i imihik 

l 314 P#»rl St. ! i M W, r*;*ll« !H. 





THE ATKINS SAW 

In Material, in Finish, In Cutting QuaHttoa. 

Warranted the Best I 

E. C. ATKINS & CO. 

SAW MANUFACTURERS INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



^DNIOIf CABPFlfiTK. ATTENTIO N '^^j^ 



CMOS MADE Hand, Back, and Panel Saws, 
In tbe United 8 La tea, are made by 

E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the following, from Carpenters ' Colons : 
To .a* Car peat tare of fire Celled Stare* and Canada ; 

We hereby certify t at the Sew a made by E. C. Atkloe * 
Co , of Indianapolis, Ind., are etrlctly UNION MADE GOODS, 
and are flrat-claas In qual'ty. 

;o algn this certificate by our reapectlve 



We 



B. A. SCHLUDER, 
Prm.Jm CarfitnUri U-tm So. Indianafiolit, Ind. 

O. Q. 8MOOK, 

Cmrfimltri Unit* So Ml, Indiantfitlu, Ind. 
la paid tor hj law 

fcefl 



TOWER & LYON 



95 Chambers Street 
NEW YORK 



FINE TOOLS 
Chaplin's Patent Planes 

Corrugated Face or Smooth Fare 

Robber Handles « r Enameled 
Wood II and Ion 

LEVER ADJUSTMENT 
TOWER'S CHAMPION SCREW DRIVERS 



THE GEM SCR1BER 

useful m .ill rni i oahii i .i; renters pape 

v-i.illy. ami heini; very small, ran htj 
tr.nl .:i thr v pocket- Cut is twr* 

thirds actual lii A*k v" r hanWai* 
Icaler t.»r it .in ! m t that it Ireaia uw 
I || i C. 'Irais ft Co. Kui 1 • . I 

forin4tk>n .ulilif^-i 

F. BRAIS & CO 

4U l.indus Street. Cleveland. Ohio. 
PRICE - - * 25 CENTS. 



I UtKI VS I. i( » .\ II .«MI!> i \f. •* i \i 




The New System 

OF EDUCATION 

Architecture 

1(1 tiM»- I'.t.. t I • HI f , 

M'iih kiacli rai Mri haa 
Inal run ar>4 M ntoa 
Fim'n»»f tt.« .!■!«* ' u . 
h ii r v » v I it ■ . i i tin .'i, 
1*1 .in'.:- t •■■■«•.,•» 

sltni t haa4 I a ■ • :. 
a*u In* 

TAU.IIT BY MAIL 

P*4| * 1. , I nl|. I J . | r.« 

H^ifl f »r tv*a ■ 't' '*.*t«. ...t.,.tf 

l'<|, | ■ OIIHI -t "M'Lli 4 m i v 

it,, ii>«u, B#fMMa«« I"* 




Intanatldaal 




Thl* la U« ;...>.. 
M lourneynwn e»*. r .■ 
^ CtjriftH-'^lonvra *jnd«r Uiplr 
? l'itrpnn(jon«l 1'nlon II la 
pf l>rliit*d uii whlU> p*p«r It 
3 Wick Ink and la |mmwm1 ai. 
«Ht-)i lu*ft(f hrr*d. ■ l iximmrtm 
drult) U> lonu ng,nv4 

•ndatari , 




K.M.i. inada ><•" t titan aaai 
awBiaefitad villi l'nh»aa 
aA)Ut«<l with tt..- < •■ .•#» 
ran F^l<.rallnii ikf J ,.tmf. 
wtirrtt ru<h ankMM txia 
no dlatltn lit* trail* lata* 
■af Uirlr «wn. Tall laM 



T